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Table of Contents. 



■♦•♦- 



O Rev. Dr. C. M. Hyde's Historical Address, 

Other Addresses at the Centennial, and Letters read, 
Various historical papers and records, and lists of names. 
Genealogy of families, ...... 

Corrections. ........ 

Index, . ... 



« 

■v.~ 



Paoe. 

1-220 
221-238 
239-364 
366-476 

477, 478 
479-487 



LIST OF ILLTISTRATIONS 



C.M.Hyde, 

Map of the original township. 

View of Brimfield, 1860, . 

Hitchcock Free High School, 

Joseph Vaill, 

Congregation.al Church, 

View of Brimfield, 1875, 

Kesidence of E. T. Sherman, 

Asa Lincoln, 

T. 1). Lincoln, . 

Ebenezer Knight, 

(ren William Eaton, 

Eras t us Fairbanks, 

J. W. Foster, . 

John Wyles, 

Abner Brown, 

Alured Homer, . 

J. M. Warren, . 

Gen. Fitz Henry Warren, . 

Fac-Simile of Town Order, 

Samuel A. Hitchcock, 

Cyrel R. Brown, 

Paul W. Paige, 

Town House, . . . 



Page. 
Frontispiece. 

. face III 
« 1 
" 87 
" 107 
" 112 
" 135 
" 137 
" 172 
" 176 
" 178 
" 187 
" 189 
" 192 
'* 195 
« 197 
" 199 
" 202 
" 204 
" 207 
^* 208 
" 212 
»' 214 
*' 220 



i 







HISTORICAL CELEBRATION 



OF THE 



TOWN OFBRIMFIELD, 



Hamiiden County, Mass. 



Wednesday, October 11, 1876 



WITH THE 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS 



OF 



REV. CHARLES M. HYDE, D. D., 



AND OTHER ADDRESSES, LETTERS, DOCUMENTS. ETC.. RELATING TO THE 

EARLY HISTORY OF THE TOWN. 



PUBLISHED BY VOTE OF THE TOWN. 






SPRINGFIELD, MASS.: 
THE CLARK W. BRYAN COMPANY, PRINTERS. 

1879. 



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SPBINOPIKLU, MASS. 

THE CLAUK W. BKYAN COMPANV, 
PRINTERS AND ItO<»K-ItINDER8. 
1879. 



LIBRARY 



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Historical Celebration. 



■♦♦♦■ 



In the early part of March, 1876, was passed the following joint 
resolution of Congress on the celebration of the National Centennial 
in the several counties and towns throughout the United States : 

Be it resolved hy the Senate aiid House of Representatives of the 
United States of America, in Congress assembled, That it be, and is 
hereby recommended by the Senate and House of Representatives to 
the people of the several states, tliat they assemble in their several 
counties or towns on the approaching Centennial anniversary of our 
National Independence, and that they cause to have delivered on such 
day an historical sketch of said county or town from its formation, and 
that a copy of said sketch may be filed in print or in manuscript in 
the clerk's office of said county, and an additional copy in print or 
manuscript, be filed in the office of the Librarian of Congress, to the 
intent that a complete record may thus be obtained of the progress of 
our institutions during the First Centennial of their existence. 

Approved, March 13, 1876. 

By vote of the Legislature of Massachusetts, a copy of this resolu- 
tion was transmitted June 13, to the clerks of each of the cities and 
towns of the Commonwealth. 

On receipt of' this communication Mr. Henry F. Brown, the town 
clerk of Brimfield, presented the matter to a few of the citizens, who, 
while approving of the object, thought it desirable to postpone the 
matter to a later date than the one named in the Resolution of Con- 
gress, and on Sunday, August 27, a notice was read in church inviting 
all persons interested in securing as many of the facts of the settle- 
ment and early history of the town as might be done by a Historical 
Address and other means, to meet at the Selectmen's room the follow- 
ing evening. At this meeting it was voted to be desirable and expe- 
dient to secure such facts and incidents, and Rev. Dr. C. M. Hyde was 



IV HISTORICAL CELEBRATION. 

selected to prepare and deliver the Address. Henry F. Brown, Nathan 

F. Robinson, Sumner Parker, Byron W. Charles and William H. Sher- 
man were api>ointed a committee to consult and report a plan for car- 
rying out the purpose of the meeting. The meeting adjourned to 
meet on Thursday, September 7, at tlie Town Hall, when the report 
of the committee was read and accepted. This report recommended 
the observance of the day appointed for the address as a holiday to be 
observed by the descendants of residents of the original town, 
embracing the present towns of Brimtield, Monson, Wales and Hol- 
land, and parts of Warren and Palmer. The day selected was Octo- 
ber 11, and an executive committee as follows was chosen to have gen- 
eral charge of all the arrangements : Samuel W. Brown, Alfred L. 
Converse, James B. Brown, George M. Hitchcock, James S. Blair, 
Moses H. Baker, Newton S. Hubbard, Kphraim W. Norwood and 
William H. Sherman. Several meetings to perfect arrangements 
were held by this committee. Special invitations were given to former 
residents of the town and their descendants, to the survivors of the 
war of 1812, and of the Brimfield Rifle Comj>any, and to all soldiers of 
the war of the rebellion within the limits of Brimfield, or who enlisted 
from the town. 

W^ednesday, October 11, dawned one of Autumn's brightest, and at 
an early hour the roads from every direction were thronged with teams 
and foot passengers, all eager to be on hand for Brimfiehrs grandest 
and proudest o<^casion. Capt. Francis D. Lincoln was president of the 
day, and Byron W. Charles, chief marshal. Under his direction the 
procession was formed in front of the hotel near the soldiers' monu- 
ment, in the following order : Monson Brass Band; Members of Co. 

G, 46th M. V. ; Survivors of the Brimfield Ritle Co. ; Hitchcock Free 
High School ; Citizens and invited guests. After moving round tlie 
village and taking under escort the president of the day and speakt^rs, 
the procession marched to the church, where it arrived about 11 o'clock, 
and which was filled to overllowing before but a small part of the peo- 
ple had been admitted. I'ra^^er was offered by Rev. M. L. Richardson 
of Sturbridge, after which the president delivered the address of wel- 
come, introducing the orator of the day, Rev. C. M. Hyde, I). 1). 

After the address of Dr. Hyde, a bountiful collation contributed by 



HISTORICAL CELEBRATION. V 

the citizens was served in the Town Hall to from 1200 to 1500 people, 
the number being sufficient to twice fill the hall, necessitating a re- 
turn to the church after the collation, where addresses w^ere delivered 
by the president of the day, Rev. Charles Hammond, and Gen. Fitz 
Henry Warren. These addresses, and the letters re(;eived from dif- 
ferent i)ersons who were unable to attend the celebration, will be 
found in the appendix. 

So much interest was aroused by the celebration that a meeting of 
citizens was called Tuesday, October 17th, to take measures to secure 
the i>ublication of the addresses of Dr. Hyde and others, when it was 
voted " that the Rev. C. M. Hyde, D. D., be requested to write out 
for publication, with such additional facts as he may wish to incorpo- 
rate, his historicjil address on the early history of Brimiield, delivered 
October 11th, 1876," and a committee of five, consisting of Henry F. 
Brown, Francis D. Lincoln, Samuel W. Brown, James S. Blair and 
James B. Brown, were chosen to inform Dr. Hyde and others of the 
vote, and to " assist in gathering facts to make the history as full and 
accurate as possible, and to devise and report a plan for the publication 
of the same.'' 

The committee finding Dr. Hyde willing to comply with their re- 
quest, recommended that the question of publication be brought before 
the town, and a town meeting was called January 13, 1877, for this 
purpose. At this meeting the town voted to choose a committee of 
five, who were thereby authorized to arrange for and publish the his- 
tory of the town as prepared by Rev. C. M. Hyde, D. D., with such 
additions as he and they might deem advisable. The town elected for 
this committee the same gentlemen as were chosen at the citizen's meet- 
ing to arrange for the publication of the addresses, and authorized the 
printing of an edition of six hundred copies of the History ; the com- 
mittee were also directed "to present, in the name of the town, a 
bound copy of the History to each of the speakers on the day of the 
celebration, to Gov. Horace Fairbanks of Vermont, to the High School 
and j»astoral libraries, the Congressional and State libraries, and to the 
Connecticut Valley Historical Society, and also one copy to each fam- 
ily in town resident May 1, 1877." 

The departure of Rev. Mr. Hyde, from the town and country, and 



VI HISTORICAL CELEBRATION. 

the time necessary in procuring the Genealogies, which the Com- 
mittee thought best to incorporate, has made the delay in publication 
unavoidable. But the history has been made more full and complete 
than it could possibly have been had it been sooner published ; and 
we can but feel that all will be amply repaid for the waiting. 



Q 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS 



BY 



Rev. C. M. Hyde, D. D 



'•« »" 



" Show me a man," says Southey, " who cares no more 
for one place than another, and I will show you in that 
same person one who loves nothing but himself. Beware 
of those who are homeless by choice. You have no hold 
on a human being whose affections are without a tap-root. 
Whatever strengthens our local attachments is favorable 
both to individual and national character. Our home, our 
birth-place, our native land,— think for a while what the 
virtues are which arise out of the feelings connected with 
these words." 

Some of you, who may have left this their native place, 
and transplanted yourselves elsewhere, have yet retained 
an unweaned love for the old town. That love has 
grown only the stronger, while yet growing also more 
tender, with advancing years. There is a pretty fancy 
to which poets have often referred, suggested by the fact 
that when you put a sea-shell to your ear, you hear 
sounds that resemble the ocean's roar afar off. Thus 
Wordsworth says : 



/ 



2 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

'*' I have seen a curious child, who dwelt upon a tract 

Of inland ground, applying to his ear the convolutions of a smooth- 

li[>ped shell, 
To which, in silence hushed, his very soul listened intensely, and his 

countenance soon 
Brightened with joy, for from within were heard murmurings, whereby 

the monitor expressed 
Mysterious union with its native sea." 

V 

I shall esteem myself successful in the part assigned 
me in the festivities of this occasion, if I can, as it were, 
hold " the smooth-lipped shell " of history to your ear, 
and touch some chords that bring back sweet memories 
of the past. 

However it may be with those who have severed the 
ties that once bound them to this spot, and now call some 
other place home, I know T speak the sentiments of many 
here, when I say that to those who have never left old 
Brimfield, it is endeared to them, not only as the home of 
their childhood, but as the chosen abode of their riper 
years. To-day they are ready to avow their faith — which 
needs for its reason only the sight of these scenes to-day 
— that of Brimfield they can truthfully as well as delight- 
edly say — 

" Loveliest there the Spring days come. 
With hlossoms and birds and wild bees' hum ; 
The flowers of Summer are fairest there. 
And freshest the breath of the Summer air; 
There sweetest the golden Autumn day. 
In silent sunshine glides away." 

I see before me the fourth, fifth and sixth generations 
of descendants from those who first made this town their 
home. Those who might have heard from the lips of the 
first settlers the story of their adventures in first bringing 
the wilderness of two centuries ago under the hand of cul- 
tivation — these have all passed away. What little there 
lingers of traditionary infonhation in regard to the early 



SOURCES OF INFORMATION. 6 

settlers, is very meagre and unsatisfactory. Any papers 
in writing that might be expected to give some informa- 
tion on family matters, have very generally been de- 
stroyed. Especially during the last fifteen years, have 
the paper manufacturers so thoroughly scoured the coun- 
try, under the stimulus of high prices for paper stock, 
that scarcely anything can now be foimd in our dwellings 
that gives any written record of the doings of the past. 

It ought to be noticed that this is not the first endeavor 
to rescue from oblivion's engulfing flood something of the 
story of those who, in first occupying these hills and val- 
leys, had in their lives and adventures the incommunica- 
ble charm that attaches to all first experiences. Rev. Dr. 
Vaill, while pastor here, delivered January 7, 1821, a ser- 
mon giving some account of the early history of the town 
and the church. I know not what occasioned the choice 
of the subject at that particular time. The date makes 
probable some suggestion of the subject, in the two hun- 
dredth anniversary of the landing of the Pilgrims. The 
sermon was not printed till 1829, when there was pub- 
lished, also, a sermon preached by Rev. Dr. Ely of Mon- 
son, at the funeral of Dr. Vaill's first wife. 

Col. John W. Foster, in connection with George C. 
Homer, prepared a history of the town for Holland's His- 
tory of Western Massachusetts, published in 1855. This 
is the fullest published account. It has preserved most of 
the interesting incidents, known better than now twenty- 
five years ago, in regard to the first settlers and the Rev- 
olutionary soldiers. 

In 1856, the next year after Doctor Holland's book was 
published. Rev. Jason Morse, then and for seven years 
previous the diligent and beloved pastor of thiis church, 
published a pamphlet of 84 pages, under the title, " Annals 
of the Church in Brimfield." Mr. Morse's plan led him 
to give special prominence to the ecclesiastical history of 



4 UISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the town. But this is so interwoven with its political and 
social history during the hundred years when town and 
parish affairs were transacted in town meeting, that Mr. 
Morse has given, in its connection, much also of the secu- 
lar history of the town. He prepared a lithographic map 
of the town as originally laid out. In an appendix the 
residences of the first settlers are located, as far as they 
could be ascertained, in the whole territory as first em- 
braced within the town lines.* 

Since it became generally known that I was making 
some researches into the history of the town, every assist- 
ance that others could give in matters of personal knowl- 
edge, or by the use of family papers, has been cordially 
and freely offered to me. Especially have Henry F. 
Brown, Esq., and Samuel W. Brown aided me by making 
personal inquiry, and investigation of the town papers. 
I have also had free access to the files of petitions, reports 
and other documents at the State House, through the 
courtesy of the officer in charge. Dr. Edward Strong. I 
have found great help also from the collection in the Con- 
gregational Librjary in care of Rev. I. P. Lang worthy. 

The settlers of Plymouth, and of the Massachusetts 
Bay, heard much from the Indians who came to trade 
with them, of the beauty and fertility of the valley of the 
Connecticut, " the long river." In 1633, the first settle- 
ment in the Connecticut river valley was made at Wind- 
sor. In 1636, a colony from Eoxbury obtained leave 
from the General Court to commence a new plantation. 
The site they selected, first called Agawam, was named 

*()t)icr and brief nccounts are the following, viz. : Vol. IX of the Mass. Hist. 
Society Collection, pp. 127-136. *' A Topographical Description of Brimfield, by 
Kev. Clark Brown, 1804." Am. Quar. Keg. Vol. 10, p. 2m, 1838, by Kev. U li. 
Kdwanls. Barber's Historical Collection, 1839, pp. '270-279. Dwight's Travels, 
pub. 1821, vol. 2, p. 204. llayward's Gazetteer of Mass., by Elias Nason, ])iib. 
1874, p. 28. The address given by Capt. F. D. Lincoln at the dedication of the 
Soldiers' Monument, July 4, 1866, contains the history of the town in connection 
witli the War of Secession. 



CONNECTION WITH HAMPDEN COUNTY. 

Springfield in 1640. Its boundaries, indefinite at first, 
became fixed as new settlements, were begun fiu'ther up 
the river, and then eastwardly and westwardly. In 1662, 
May 7, Springfield, Northampton and Hadley, the only 
three townships then settled, were constituted a county, 
to which the name of Hampshire was given. The four 
counties, previously organized, 1643, May 10, were Essex, 
Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk. The boundary of Hampshire 
County on the south was the Colony line ; in every other 
direction the county line was to be thirty miles from any 
of the three towns. Brookfield, formerly called Quaboag, 
legally recognized in 1673 as a town by its present name, 
though not incorporated till 1718, November 12, was at 
first included in Hampshire County. When Brimfield was 
first settled there was no other settlement east of Spring- 
field, and south of Brookfield, as far as Oxford, settled 
in 1683, and Woodstock, which was first settled in 1686. 
Two weeks after Brimfield was incorporated as a town, the 
County of Worcester was formed, and Brookfield named 
as one of its constituent towns. This act fixed the 
eastern boundary of Hampshire County. Its other 
boundaries coincided with the Province lines. It then 
included eleven towns : Springfield, Northampton, Had- 
ley, Hatfield, Westfield, Suffield, Enfield, Deerfield, Sun- 
derland, Northfield, Brimfield. The western boundary 
of old Hampshire County was formed when Berkshire 
County was constituted, 1761, April 27, about a year after 
Monson was incorporated. The present Hampshire is 
only the central portion of old Hampshire. Franklin 
County was set off 1811, January 24. The next year, 
1812, February 20, the southern part of the remain- 
der was set off as Hampden County. Brimfield is the 
north-eastern town of this County. Previous to the Prov- 
ince Charter of 1092, the County Court of Hampshire 
County was held at Springfield. This arrangement con- 



b HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

tinued under that Charter till 1771 ; 1761, May 22, the 
people of Brinifield voted against removing the Court to 
Northampton. The town appointed a committee, who 
presented six cogent reasons (Mass. Archives, 117 : 664) 
against the project. The appointment of an additional 
term of the Court of Common Pleas, and of the Superior 
Court, to be held at Northampton, was probably a com- 
promise measure ; 1765, January 18, the first Coimty tax, 
£10, was assessed on the various towns. Brimfield's 
County tax, 1876, was ^6 13.23. 

In 1763, October 17, Brimfield voted to come into a new 
County proposed, if Brookfield be made the shire town, 
though at the next meeting, November 7, this vote was 
reconsidered and negatived. 1791, July 18, a committee 
was chosen to confer with committees from other towns, 
August 1, at Brookfield, in regard to forming a new 
County. 1793, December 30; the representative to the 
General Court was instructed to advocate the present 
limits of the County against any proposed change. 

Springfield was not originally incorporated as a town 
with definite boundaries. Besides several towns on 
the western side of the river, Springfield's territory in- 
cluded on the eaiiit of the Connecticut the present towns 
of Chicopee, Wilbraham, Ludlow and Longmeadow, and 
also Somers and Enfield in Connecticut. 1647, October 
27, it was ordered that Springfield should adjoin North- 
ampton and Hadley on the north, and extend eastward to 
the foot of the mountain, the eastern base of the first 
(Wilbraham) mountains. 1685, May 21, the Selectmen 
report a perambulation of the bounds.* Before Brim- 
field was incorporated, the people of Springfield voted in 

* From the State House records it appears that, in fixinfi^ the Eastern boundary 
line, they went from the Bay Path up Stony Brook forty or fifty rods from where 
it parts and turns unexpectedly to run eastward, and there found a convenient 
place to run a north and south line. This eastward boundary of Springfield formed 
origiDally the western boundary of Brimfield. 



CONNECTION WITH NEIGHBORING TOWNS. 7 

town meeting, 1722, February 9, that " the running of 
the line between this town and Brimfield * * be en- 
tered on record/' 

As originally laid out, Brimfield extended eight miles 
east from the east boundary of Springfield. Its northern 
line was the Chieopee river, now more commonly called 
the Quaboag. The southern limit was the Colony line. 
The earliest map (in the State House, Ancient Plans, 2 : 84) 
was taken in accordance with an oyder of the General 
Court, 1714, June 10, in reference to a contemplated 
addition of a strip three miles in width on the east On 
this map. Fellows' tavern is designated, and probably, at 
this time, this was the only house in the territory. 1740, 
August 15, Ephraim Hay ward of Brookfield, and others 
in Kingstown (now Palmer), and in the north part of 
Brimfield, petitioned to be set off cOs a separate town. 
The petition was granted, and Western was incorporated, 
1741, January 16; the name was changed to Warren, 
1834, March 13. It took from Brimfield all that part of 
the present township of Warren, south of the Chieopee 
river, and west of the original line of Brookfield. (See 
Massachusetts Archives, cxvii : 102-7, and Ancient Plans, 
iv: 117.) 

Monson was originally a part of Brimfield. 1759, June 
7, the people then living in the west part of the town, 
petitioned to be set off (see Massachusetts Archives 
cxvii : 500). Joseph Blodget, the representative that 
year from Brimfield, was instructed to present the town's 
objections to this division of its territory and pop- 
ulation. But his arguments and pleas were unavailing 
Monson was incorporated as a district 1760, April 25. 
The English government had taken offence and alarm at 
the increasing numbers and power of the representative 
element in the Massachusetts Legislature. The incorpora- 
tion of new towns ^was forbidden, unless they would con- 



8 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

sent to forego the privilege of representation. Monson 
was united with Brimfield in the choice of a represent- 
ative. Otherwise the district had the same privileges 
and obligations as the mother town. After the breaking 
out of the revolution, Monson was regularly incorporated 
as a town, 1775, October 20. Governor Pownal, as was 
the custom with the Royal governor, probably gave the 
town its name in honor of one of his friends, Monson, the 
President of the Board of Trade. '1763, February 7, the 
legislature annexed to Brimfield the bridge over the 
Chicopee river, for the purpose of keeping it in repair. 
Palmer was to keep in repair the bridge at the west 
end. Monson was to repair one-half of the county road. 
Palmer the other half. 

Some people, in what was at the time the north-west 
section of Brimfield, opposed the incorporation of Monson. 
(See petition of date 1760, Jan. 10, on file in Massa- 
chusetts Archives, cxvii: 503.) 1760, April 23, two days 
before the incorporation of Monson, these persons, living 
north of the Country Road from Boston to Springfield, 
and south of the Chicopee (or Quaboag) river, were 
annexed to the district of Palmer. Palmer was formerly 
a plantation called "The Elbow Tract," (so named from a 
sudden bend or elbow in the Chicopee.) It was also called 
Kingsfield, or Kingstown, from the name of the leading 
family in the place. It was incorporated as a district 
under the name of Palmer, 1752, Jan. 30. That part of 
the present township of Palmer, which lies south of the 
Chicopee river, was originally a part of Brimfield. 

Still another diminution of the original territory was 
made 1762, September 18, when the southern half of what 
remained was incorporated as a separate district by tlie 
name of South Brimfield.* The people of the new" dis- 

* By an act of the State Legislature, 1786, March 23, it was enacted that all dis- 
tricts incorporated before January 1, 1777, should be towns with full rights and 
priTileges. 



PRESENT BOUNDARY LINES. 9 

trict did not find it an easy matter to fix the location of 
the meeting-house to accommodate the inhabitants. A 
conflict was waged for several years, as appears from 
papers on file, (Massachusetts Archives 14 : 402, 443-446.) 
Their petition for a further division into two parishes was 
not granted till 1783, July 5. The East parish was in- 
corporated as a district 1796, February 25 ; as a town, 
1836, May 1. It took its name from Lord Holland, better 
known as Charles James Fox, an eloquent advocate on 
the side of the people of this country in the Parliament- 
ary contests previous to the recognition of American inde- 
pendence. 

The western section of South Brimfield continued to be 
called by that name till 1828, February 20. The name 
was then changed to Wales — (Clinton was first preferred) 
— in accordance with a vote of the citizens. They took 
the present name from James Lawrence Wales, a native 
and resident of the town, who bequeathed a legacy of 
about $2,000 in recognition of the honor. 

The present township of Brimfield has Monson on the 
west, Wales and Holland on the south : Warren lies 
north of it : Palmer extends along its north-western bor- 
der : Brookfield touches it on the north-east corner. On 
the east lies Sturbridge, originally called New Medfield. 
This neighboring town was granted to proprietors mostly 
from Medfield, 1729, Sept. 3. Sturbridge was incorpo- 
rated as a town under its present name, 1732, June 24. 
1735, May 26, is the first record of the perambulation of 
the town lines, now performed every five years. 

The east line of Brimfield is 1,532 rods in length, a 
little more than four and three-fourths miles, and in di- 
rection north 8^ 26' east. The northern boundary line 
runs from the north-east corner on the southern line 
of Brookfield, west 28' north, 101 rods, or about one- 
third of a mile, there meeting the south-east corner of 



10 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Warren ; it continues on Warren line in the same direc- 
tion 935.30 rods, nearly three miles ; then it turns 
abruptly north 2^ eiist for about half a mile, or 114.08 
rods; then it runs west 45^ north, 1,130.32 rods, or three 
and a half miles, till it strikes the Quaboag river at a 
split rock. The river separates it from Palmer, as far as 
an old fordway ; its general direction is south 20^ west, 
and the estimated distance three and one-half miles, or 
1,130.32 rods. Here it meets the Monson line, which is 
Brimfield's western boundary, and is in length three and 
one-half miles, or 1,110 rods, running south 5i^ west. 
The southern boundary line runs 1,251 rods along the 
town of Wales, and 930 rods along the town of Holland. 
The area enclosed by these lines is 21,018 acres. 

There are 12,300 improved, (3,500 meadow,) 4,200 
pasturage, 2,400 wood, 1,400 unimprovable. The soil on 
Tower Hill is upland loam, quite free from the boulders, 
which either east or west of this hill make cultivation 
difficult. Southerly, from the foot of this hill, the soil 
becomes successively stony, gravelly, sandy. The valley 
of the Quinebaug, in the south-east corner of the town, 
and of Elbow brook, in the south-west, both furnish fair 
meadow land. South of the village street is a gravelly 
plain. 

The principal village lies near the geographical center 
of the present township. Though none of the houses 
would be considered elegant, none show want of care or 
want of taste. All are remarkably and imiformly neat. 
The dry soil helps to keep paint fresh, and the village has 
such an air of tidiness that people from neighboring vil- 
lages have said they could not think of coming to Brim- 
field without a style of dress to suit the town's appearance 
of fastidious neatness. In the east part of the town is a 
cluster of houses, the village and post-office of East Brim- 
field. When the satinet factory on Elbow brook was in 



GEOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS, 11 

successful operation, a post-ofBce was established at Fos- 
ket's Mills under the name of Parksville. Little Rest (said 
to be so called after a similar locality in Rhode Island) is a 
cluster of houses around the outlet of Morgan's Pond, 
north-west of the central village. Dunhamtown is that 
part of the north-western section where once lived many 
bearing that family name. Powers' Corner, so named 
from the prominent family there, is the extreme north- 
west corner. It is through this that the Boston & Albany 
railroad runs for a short distance. There is a station 
called West Brimfield, but the road from it to the centre 
of the town is steep and rough. Palmer is the railroad 
station most generally accessible, though the distance is 
nearly nine miles. 

The town lies at an average elevation of about 1200 feet 
above tide-water. From the west, north or east, there is 
a rise of nearly 300 feet to be traversed by any one com- 
ing into the town from the villages in these directions. 
The hills that surround it are of primary rocks, and are 
irregular, but not jagged, in outline. The town extends 
along the northern sides of a break in the ridge of por- 
phyritic ferruginous gneiss that extends southward to 
Long Island Sound. Granitic gneiss is quarried in Mon- 
son, but in the direction of Brookfield or Stockbridge the 
ledges are shales, and colored with iron. Bog ore was 
formerly dug in Brookfield, and in Brimfield, on the 
Charles Bugbee farm, now occupied by Michael Travers. 
It was carried to the iron works at Stafford, Conn. There 
was a forge in that part of Brimfield now in the town of 
Warren. Dr. Hitchcock, in his Geology of Massachusetts, 
(p. 638,) mentions pyrope, adularia, a variety of garnet, 
sulphuret of molybdenum, and iolite, as the only miner- 
als of any marked peculiarities in the town. 

Sherman's Pond is so called from Capt. and Squire 
and Dr. and Dea. John Sherman. (He was one of the 



12 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

original proprietors, and built bis bouse on tbe soutb-west 
of tbe pond tbat bears bis name. It is tbe site on wbicb 
Elijab T. Sberman, of tbe fiftb generation in line of de- 
scent, lias recently rebuilt.) Alum pond, near tbe middle 
of tbe eastern boundary line, is mistakenly said to bave 
been so called from its very solid wbite bottom and tbe 
clearness of its water. It lies in a deep basin witb steep 
sides, and contains about 40 acres. Sberman's pond, 
larger and sballower, containing about 60 acres, is a nat- 
ural reservoir for a long intervale, wbicb extends iiortb- 
ward almost to tbe boundary line. Tbe contrast between 
tbis sbeet of water, witb its open, placid expanse, and tbe 
irregular outline of tbe otber, lying benfeatb tbe sbadow 
of tbe adjacent bills, beigbtens tbe beauty of botb. Tbe 
fisb common to sucb New England streams, are found in 
tbese waters, tbougb not in great number. Trout fre- 
quent almost every brook ; pickerel, percb, roacb and 
borned pout abound in tbe ponds. 

Tbere are on tbe Quaboag river, in tbe vicinity of tbe 
Boston & Albany railroad station at West Brimfield, some 
mill-sites tbat would be admirable locations for manufac- 
turing purposes. Tbe Quinebaug river, wbile furnisbing 
abundant water-power to tbe otber towns tbrougb wbicb 
it flows before it empties into tbe Tbames at Norwicb, 
affords only one mill-site in tbis town, at East Brimfield. 
Into tbis stream, tbere empty tbe outlets of Alum pond, of 
Sberman's pond, of tbe Eaton mill-pond, tbe Holland pond, 
and of tbe Soutb pond (in Wales). In tbe western part 
of tbe town is Elbow brook, emptying into tbe Quaboag 
at tbe elbow. Tbe brook, coming from Wales, was called 
by tbe early settlers Erwin's brook, and tbe meadow 
tbrougb wbicb it flows, Erwin's meadow. Tbe brook 
soutb of tbe village is called Hitcbcock brook. Treat 
brook, so called from tbe first minister, runs west of tbe 
meeting-bouse. Penny brook and Bottle brook are 



MEADOWS AND HILLS. 13 

small streamlets in the north-west section of the town. 
Along these water-courses are natural meadows, whose 
annual crop of swale hay was very highly prized by the 
early settlers, for they found great difficulty in attempt- 
ing with their rude implements to bring the upland soil 
into meadows of English grass. The streams flowing 
through these meadows were dammed so that the over- 
flow might add to their fertility, and keep down the 
growth of alders and the coarse weeds that would else out* 
root the grass. The water was usually let off in May. 
It is this mode of irrigation which Dr. Dwight commends 
the farmers of Brimfield for practicing. Tlie Brimfield 
farmer in the days of old was as " tenacious of his Yankee 
rights to his old bog-meadow hay as he was of the pure 
old Saybrook platform orthodoxy, which was probably 
as alimentary for the souls of men as the other was for 
the bodies of cattle."* 

One of these natural meadows is known on the maps 
as Stoneiard meadow. It lies at the head of a little 
stream, on which formerly stood Alfred Lumbard's steam 
saw-mill. The name, pronounced Stonedge meadow, is 
said to come from some early owner, who had his resi- 
dence near, but had no family to perpetuate the name. 
Another tradition reports that the o^vners lived in Con- 
necticut. The same persons that cut their hay on this 
meadow, cut also on a part of the Great meadow, north 
of the new road built for Elijah Shaw across the swamp. 
Cutting a tree top, (for carts were few,) and piling the 
hay on that, they would drag it to some one spot and 
stack it for winter fodder. But the land lies so low that 
often the water rose, from the fall rains, so as to flood 
the meadow, and damage their hay-stacks. Hence they 
gave it the name of " Poor meadow." 

Other landmarks, that are noteworthy, are Sheep-pas- 

• Letter of W. W. Thompson, Esq., to U. F. Brown. 



]4 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

hire hill, north of the village street, and Burt's hill, on 
the east, back of J. J. Warren's. East Wottaquottuck, 
and West Wottaquottuck, or Waddaquadduck, are the 
two ridges of the range of hills on the western border. 
Steerage rock is the large boulder on the summit of this 
ridge, from which the Indians took their bearings for 
Agawam or Nonotuck. Erwin's or Cook's mountain is in 
the north-west ; Saw-mill mountain is that west of Fos- 
ket's mill. Breakneck hill is on the Sturbridge road. 
The Great meadow is that north of Morgan's mill. Moss 
meadow is south-east from this. 

On the hills, foxes have still their holes and their runs. 
The deep baying of the fox-hound is occasionally heard 
as he follows the track of this crafty robber of hen-roosts. 
In 1835, Dexter Groves was paid §5.00 for killing ten 
foxes. In 1740, the town voted to choose "two meet 
persons, whose care and duty it shall be to inform of all 
breaches of the law respecting the killing of deer." Deer 
reeves continued till 1789, to be regularly appointed pub- 
lic oflicers, as duly appointed as the shire reeve or sheriff. 
It is said that the deer disappeared at the date named, 
because they were so persistently hunted during the Rev- 
olutionary w^ar, when bucks-kin breeches were in great 
demand. Of the various birds, still protected by game- 
laws, woodcock are to be found in their season, and are 
forwarded every week, by F. E. Cook, Esq., to the Parker 
House in Boston. 

Judging from the old records of highways and bound- 
ary lines, oak trees were more numerous than any other 
kinds. Varieties are named swamp, black, red, white, 
yellow, gray. The mast furnished food to the swine, 
that were allowed to run at large, being yoked and 
ringed, from April 1st to October 30th, if any town voted 
to permit this. An annual vote to that effect was passed 
at every town meeting until 1836, and hog reeves chosen. 



THE FLORA — CLIMATOLOGY. 15 

Chestnut trees also abound ; with pines and white birches 
they constitute the principal trees now found on our 
woodlands. Maples and elms dot the meadows and line 
the roads. Popple and pepperidge trees are named in the 
old records, and basket-ash. Wild grape vines are to be 
found in every direction. Some of them, principally of a 
white variety, have been famous for their age and pro- 
ductiveness, notably one on Lewis Stebbins' farm, and an- 
other on Parson Williams' farm. The right of pasture 
was claimed on all wood lands unfenced, and wild lands 
uncultivated. Not till 1800 was a law passed authorizing 
towns to restrain cattle from running at large. 

The usual vicissitudes of the New England climate have 
been experienced in most unmitigated rigor. In 1815, 
there was a furious storm of wind that blew down the 
horse sheds, then on the west side of the common. Acres 
of timber were leveled to the ground. Some, too fright- 
ened to remain elsewhere, sought refuge in the cellars. 
The season of 1816 was so severe — (there was frost every 
month) — that many were induced to emigrate to the west. 
1869 was remarkable for a long continued rain, which so 
raised the streams that the road by Eaton mill pond was 
washed out. The breaking of the upper dam on Elbow 
brook came very near sweeping away Fosket's mill. The 
sudden torrent washed out a chasm in the highway sixty 
feet wide and twenty feet deep. 

Of the physical features of Brimfield, I do not need to 
say much ; but I do wish to say this, that it seems to me 
very desirable that these hill-tops that mark the land- 
scape, and these brooks that still send down their waters 
through the valleys, ought to be known and designated 
among us by the names originally attached to them. 
Some few bear the Indian's guttural polysyllables, soft- 
ened somewhat to our tongues, like Wottaquottuck, or 
Shokshun, Quaboag and Quineboag. Others recall the 



16 niSTOlUCAL ADDRESS. 

names of the first settlers, whose names are not otherwise 
now identified with our town history, like Treat's brook, 
crossing the road to Springfield west of the village by 
Capt. F. D. Lincoln's, and so named from the first minister, 
who had assigned to him the meeting-house lot extending 
north of the road from the meeting-house to the brook. 
Why should every new proprietor change the name by 
which a lot is known ? There is a flavor of mystery 
about such a title as J. B. Brown's Kijah lot. And I do 
earnestly wish that the name at first given to the hill, 
at the foot of which the South brick school-house stands, 
might always be used, " Danielson hill ," and so erpetuate 
the name of one who is most honorably identified with the 
history of the town in the Revolutionary war. 

We all know that Brimfield is one of the hill-towns of 
the State. In these days of railroads, that run among the 
valleys and seek out the smooth places of the plain, its 
being a hill- town marks it as a sequestered spot ; pleasant 
it may be for those who love a quiet home, but offering 
no enticements to those who give their lives to the gain- 
ful pursuits of commerce and manufactures. It is not, 
we must confess, even so rich in agricultural wealth as 
the fertile prairies of the Western States. But aside from 
the associations with friends of our youth or the labors of 
our riper years, Brimfield has charms that never fade, 
attractions that cannot change and pass away. Few New 
England villages have a lovelier spot for a village home 
than this broad plain with its encircling hill-sides, far 
enough removed to give that indefina])le commingling of 
light and shade, substance and form, which give " enchant- 
ment to the view." Stand on the steps of this meeting- 
house and look southward across the intervale to the 
wedge-like opening. Through this, you know, comes 
down the brook that in Wales has been so busily turning 
wheels and spindles. Or go to Haynes hill, and look 



SCENERY — ADVANTAGES OP LOCATION. 17 

in this direction, northward, down upon the clustering 
houses of the village, sheltered under Sheep Pasture Hill. 
Rev. Dr. Dwight compared our village street to the crook 
of a letter Y. Up one arm of the Y we look to Sherman 
Pond, glittering in the sun like a diamond brooch. Look- 
ing up in the other direction, we see Tower Hill stand 
forth in majestic loveliness, like the rounded shoulder of 
some stalwart giant. And no one can fail to admire the 
natural loveliness his eyes behold. Or ascend the ridge 
of Wattaquottuck on the western line of the township, as 
the Indians often did, following the trail from the Nipmuck 
or the Narragansett Country to the long river, the Con- 
necticut ; and who can forget the scene spread out before 
the eye ? It is a pleasure memory often loves to recall, 
and with the mind's eye to view o'er and o'er the billowy 
outlook below. Nearest, are glimpses of grassy meadows, 
cultivated fields, wooded slopes, marked with winding 
roads, dotted with pleasant homes, crested with towering 
church spires ; while as the view recedes into far off 
cloud-land, we look upon Holyoke's clear-cut, irregular 
outline, standing out in front of a commingled array of 
crowded hill-tops, behind which looms up " Greylock, 
cloud-girdled on his purple throne," or, 

"Far through the dimmest distance, dim Monadnock's dome appears, 
Unmoved through hy-goiie centuries, unmoved through coming years." 

The water-courses in the present township afford no 
sufficient fall for the water power, which has been so 
important a factor in the prosperity of many New Eng- 
land villages. Brimfield cannot be a manufacturing towm, 
and its location away from the line of railroads as evi- 
dently forbids any possibility of its being a center of trade, 
even if the adjoining region were, as it is not, a produc- 
tive territory. So we must accept the situation ; yet also, 
as we review the past, and think what the energy and 

8 



i 



18 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

enterprise of past generations accomplished, may we not 
derive fresh hope and courage for earnest endeavor, that 
the honorable record of the past one hundred and seventy- 
live years shall be worthily maintained by the successors, 
to whom has been transmitted so goodly an inheritance. 

We have no reliable account of the appearance of this 
region at the time of its first settlement. It is generally 
supposed to have been an 

" Interminable wood that frowned 
O'er hill and dale." 

There is a tradition that the Indians, in their wasteful 
method of clearing land for cultivation and for early graz- 
ing for the deer, had burned over the land near the pres- 
ent village site, laying bare about two thousand acres. 
The naming of the land at the junction of the present 
Warren and Dunhamtown roads as " the Timber land," 
would indicate that the primitive forests had in other 

localities been^destroyed. 

It does not appear that there was any Indian vdllage on 

this tract of land. It was a part of the Nipmuck country. 

These Nipmuck (i. e. " away from the river ") Indians 

had no one acknowledged head. Brookfield was the home 

of the Quaboag tribe. Their villages were near the Wick- 

aboag and Podunk ponds. They used these highlands for 

hunting and for cultivation of corn. 

" River and stiller water paid 
Their tribute to the net and spear 
Of the red ruler of the shade." 

Deer Pond and Moose Mountain (in Monson) were the 
haunts of those " antlered monarchs of the wood." The 
Proprietors' Book, p. 41, bears testimony to the fact that 
the beaver, that most valuable of the fur-bearing animals, 
was once to be found in East Brimfield. The hill on 



INDIAN RELICS. 19 

the road leading to Warren from Sherman's Pond past 
the present residence of Elisha C. Marsh, still known as 
Indian Hill, was cultivated by the Indians, as was also 
East Hill. The earlv settlers followed the customs of the 
Indians in planting c'orn. The proper time was when the 
young oak-leaf was as big as a mouse's ear. The proper 
method was to hill the corn, planting beneath the seed a 
fish for plant-food. The hill, where Harvey and David 
W. Janes now live, is called in the Proprietors' Book 
Indian-field Hill. " As late as 1815, one of the old inhab- 
itants was enabled to point out what were once hills of 
corn grown by the Indians on Indian Hill, where now 
there are large trees." 

Near the outlet of Sherman's Pond many Indian arrow- 
heads are frequently found. While living in the western 
part of the town, Mr. William H. Sherman found a stone 
utensil, an Indian pot or mortar, but so broken as not to 
be put back into its original shape. Stone hatchets, or 
tomahawks have also been found, both at Sherman's Pond 
and at Alum Pond. Around one rock on what was for- 
merly Dea. C. R. Brown's farm, which seems to have been 
a favorite resort for game, arrow-heads have been found 
in large numbers. These relics and the names of some 
hill-tops and valleys or water-courses are the only traces 
of the Indians that were the original occupants of this 
territory. The Indian family, John and Sarah Quan, 
with their children, who once lived near Alum Pond, 
were of the Mohegan tribe. John had been a soldier 
in the Revolutionary war, and came to this town from 
Norwich, Conn. So utterly, without leaving a record 
behind, have perished the rude savage tribes of whom not 
enough is known even to say " he lived — he died ; behold 
the sum, the abstract of the historic page." 



20 HISTORICAL ADDHESS. 

"For the doomed Indian leaves behind no trace 
To save his own, or serve anotlier race. 
With hia frail breath, his power has passed away. 
His deeds, his thoughts are buried with his clay. 
Nor lofty pile nor glowing page 
Shall link him to a future age, 
Or give him. with the past, a rank. 
His heraldry is but a broken bow ; 
His history but a tale of wrong and woe. 
His very name must be a blank." 

The Indians roved about in large bands, generally 
friendly, but frequently troublesome and insolent in 
demanding food and lodging. The first settlers from 
Springfield camped out for the Sunmier, while cultiva- 
ting their fields, going back to Springfield for the Winter. 
But their tents were torn in pieces by the Indians, their 
provisions plundered ; and it is not surprising that they 
abandoned the enterprise. Afterwards two block houses 
were constructed. To these the inhabitants could resort 
at night or in case of attack. The site of one was south 
of the mill-pond, near the present residence of John S. 
Needham. The other was erected where the town poor- 
house now stands. 

It is one hundred and seventy-five years since, upon 
the petition of certain inhabitants of Springfield, the 
General Court, 1701, June 20, appointed Col. John 
Pynchon, Capt. Thomas Colton, James Warriner, David 
Morgan and Joseph Stebbins a committee to lay out a 
new township, eight miles square, extending along the 
eastern boundary of Springfield. They were instructed 
to take possession within one year's time, settle ten fami- 
lies within three years, and seventy wuthin five years ; set- 
tling, also, a learned and pious minister. Brimfield did 
not take its name from any local feature, the hills around 
the village forming the brim of a bowl ; nor from any ' 
English parish of the same name, though the gazetteers 



COMMITTEE OP 1701 — IKDIAN DISTURBANCES. 21 

give Brimfield as the name of a parish in England, county 
of Hereford. The town was known at first as " the Plant- 
ation adjoining Springfield to the East of Springfield." 
For the sake of convenience, it is stated in the records of 
the committee, that abbreviating this lengthy title, they 
gave the town the name of Brimfield. 

The first visit of the committee was September 22, 
1701. They were accompanied by about twenty others 
from Springfield. After having spent two days, they re- 
turned, unable to decide where the " town plot," or cen- 
tral village, should be located. A second attempt was 
made with no better success. Finally, the five men de- 
puted to determine this matter, coming out a third time, 
returned with the report that the hill which they denom- 
inated Chicopee hill, was the most eligible spot for the 
centre of the town. It is what we now call Grout's hill, 
in Monson, on the road from this to Monson village. It 
is a sightly location, as every one will testify who has 
seen and admired the beautiful and extended prospect 
from that point The first grants of land were made De- 
cember 31, 1701, to thirteen persons, on condition that 
they should begin the following Spring to subdue their 
lands. This condition was not fulfilled. For a number 
of years subsequently, no grants even were made by the 
committee. The reason assigned was, that "through the 
Distress of War, they Could not Possibly settle y® Place 
In Such manner and time as was appointed." 

In the early settlement of the town, the inhabitants 
were annoyed by the Indians ; but there is no record 
of any deadly conflicts. In the Massachusetts Archives 
(91 : 62) is a muster-roll of men posted 1722, July 24, 
under Col. Samuel Partridge, at Brookfield and Brimfield.* 
In Massachusetts Archives is a letter from John Sherman 



* One of the eight men at Brimfield was Bezaleel Sherman. All the men were 
trom Springfield. 



/ 



22 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

dated 1725, July 10, asking that a guard may be stationed 
at Brimfield. In the muster-roll of Sergt. Joseph Knowl- 
ton's company of Springfield, dated 1725, November 19, the 
names of twelve men^ designated as the Brimfield Scout, 
are given. (Massachusetts Archives.) See appendix. 

It was hoped, on the declaration of peace between 
France and England, 1697, September 20, when the 
Treaty of Ryswick was signed, that the troubles of the 
colonists with the Indians would cease. But King Wil- 
liam died in 1702, March 8. He was succeeded by Queen 
Anne, the younger sister of Mary. Soon after her ac- 
cession there followed a declaration of war, 1702, May 4, 
between England and France. The resources of the col- 
onies were heavily taxed for various unsuccessful expedi- 
tions against Canada. The only organized attack on the 
settlements in New England, by the French and Indians, 
was the burning of Deerfield, 1704, February 29. Yet 
individual settlers or travelers frequently fell victims to 
Indian ambuscades, or were carried captives to Canada. 
These Indian depredations put a stop to the settlement of 
new townships. Scouting parties were kept traversing 
this region, for Brookfield was, at that time, peculiarly 
exposed from its being an isolated settlement. Queen 
Anne's war was ended by the Peace of Utrecht, 1713, 
May 5. 

In 1709, June 15, the General Court prolonged the 
time originally allotted for the settlement of Brimfield. 
The committee were granted an extension of time till 
" four years after the conclusion of the then War with 
France and Spain." Maj. John Pynchon was appointed 
a member of the committee in place of his father, who 
had died in 1703. 

It is not impossible that a distressing sickness, which 
prevailed at Springfield in 1711, and carried off a num- 
ber of the principal men, might have had some inOuence 



ADDITIONAL GRANT EASTWARD. 23 

in retarding the settlement of Brimfield. Aside from any 
local hindrances, it is obvious, from a general survey of 
this period, that it was not till about 1725, that the colo- 
nies seemed to recover their former spirit of enterprise. 
Then, 

" The full region leads 
New colonies forth, that toward the westering sun, 
Spread like a rapid flame among the autumnal leaves." 

1714, June 10, the Brimfield Committee petitioned the 
General Court for an additional grant of land, three miles 
in width, on the eastern border. A committee was ap- 
pointed to go and examine. 1715, April 20, the com- 
mittee reported, and the petition was dismissed. 1719, 
December 5, the question came up again, and again was 
answered in the negative. But 1721, June 16, the ex- 
tension was granted. The original plan for the center of 
the town was abandoned. The location on Grout's hill 
was given up, and a different site chosen. What is now 
the Tower hill road, was at this time laid out for the 
town street. The reason assigned was that though within 
half a mile of the original limits eastward, it was consid- 
ered the best land in the township, a reputation that 
the Tower hill farms still maintain. From the meeting- 
house up over Hubbard's hill, as it was then called, north- 
ward to the present Prouty farm, a road was laid out, 
eight rods wide, double the usual width. The home lots 
of the first settlers, forty rods wide by one hundred and 
sixty deep, were located each side of this town street. 
But instead of a long, wide street, running north and 
south, like that of Charlton to-day, the present village of 
Brimfield is a collection of houses, mainly east of the 
meeting-house, in the nook lying between Sheep-pasture 
hiU on the north, and Burt's hill on the east. For in the 
growth of the village, the shelter of these hills was pre- 
ferred to the breezy expanse of the Tower hill road. 



i 



24 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The committee to lay out the town found that among 
the hindrances, one of the greatest Avas the claim made 
to a large tract of land by the heirs of Governor Win- 
throp. 

It appears from the Brimfield Committee's petition to 
the General Court, 1723, November 22, that the settle- 
ment of the town Avas hindered by the large extent and 
the uncertain tenure of the land claimed by the heirs of 
Judge and Major-General Waitstill Winthrop. This tract 
of land w^as known by the name of " the Winthrop Farm." 
It Avas only thirteen years after the landing of the Pil- 
grims, that John Oldham, in the month of September, 
1633, (see Winthrop's life by Savage, Vol. 2, 213-261,) 
visited and described the plumbago, or black-lead mine, 
in what is now the south-west corner of the town of 
Sturbridge. Governor Winthrop received in 1644, No- 
vember 13, from the General Court, a grant of " the hill 
at Tantousque, about one hundred and sixty miles west 
from Boston, in which the black lead is, and liberty to pur- 
chase some land there of the Indians." A plan on file 
(Vol. 2, No. 109, Ancient Plans) in the State House at 
Boston, shows how irregular was the land, ten thousand 
two hundred and forty acres in all, as at that time Laid 
out. Judge Wait Winthrop, who inherited this property 
from his father, died intestate. He left two children, 
John Winthrop of Ncav London, Conn., and Ann, wife 
of Thomas Lechmere, Esq., of Boston. 

The son Avas appointed administrator of the estate, 
1718, February 21. He refused to give any inventory 
of the real estate, claiming tliat by English laAv it Avas en- 
tirely his own property. But Lechmere claimed that 
under the colonial laws, his wife Avas co-heir with her 
brother. He claimed in the Court of Probate, 1724, that 
his wife's title should be recognized. The Superior Court 
decided, 1725, September 28, that the real estate ought 



THE WINTHROP FARM. 25 

to be inventoried as well as the personal property ;. the 
rights of daughters as well as of sons being recognized by 
the colonial laws in regard to inheritance. The former 
letters of administration were vacated, and new letters 
granted to Lechmere, 1726, March 22. Winthrop ap- 
pealed to the Privy Council in England. 1728, February 
15, the council decided that the action of the Superior 
Court, and the provisions of the Colonial laws, were null 
and void, being contrary to the laws of England. (Conn. 
Col. Records, Vol. 7.) 

This decision caused great commotion. Jonathan Bel- 
chef, Esq., afterwards governor of Massachusetts, was ap- 
pointed a special agent to secure the repeal of this action 
of the council, since, if not repealed, it would have thrown 
into confusion many estates, that had been settled in ac- 
cordance with the Colonial laws. The Connecticut charter 
did not require the assent of the king to make their legis- 
lation valid, but this was a stipulation in the charter of 
Massachusetts. A case having arisen in Massachusetts, 
and appeal being made to the king, it Avas found that the 
Massachusetts law, similar to the Connecticut in its pro- 
visions, had been duly approved by the king. (Mass. 
Hist. Soc. Proceedings, 1860-62, p. 169.) Therefore, the 
decision of the council in the Winthrop case was of no 
effect against a former decision. This precedent gave 
validity to the Colonial laws. Intestate estates continued 
to be settled as before. 

The petition of the Brimfield Committee for a reform 
of the survey was refused by the General Court. But in 
1727, January 5, it Avas renewed, accompanied by a peti- 
tion from Thomas Lechmere, January 12. • A Committee 
of Inquiry was appointed, who reported in favor of a 
new survey. . This was ordered by the General Court, 
and the committee appointed for this purpose reported a 
new survey, which was accepted, 1728, December 18. 



26 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

This made the colony line the southern boundary of the 
Winthrop farm ; the western boundary fell one mile and 
a half within the Brimfield township lines. The whole 
line, east and west, was four miles in length, and the tract 
was also four miles in extent from north to south.* 

When the town of Brimfield, after Monson had been 
taken off on the west, was again divided, the northern 
boundary line of South Brimfield was a continuation 
westwardly of the northern line of the Winthrop farm. 

Another Farm, as these tracts of Avild land were called, 
granted to individuals by the General Court, was in the 
north-east corner of the township. In 1655, September 
27, Rev. John Eliot, commonly known as " the Apostle 
to the Indians,'* bought one thousand acres of land near 
Quaboag of two Indians, Wattatooweelin or Wattawoo- 
lekin, and Nokan or Nakin. He died 1690, May 20. 
Twenty-four years after his death, on petition of his 
grandson, John Eliot, (probably the Eliot who is said by 
Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, to have been a 
prominent man at Windsor, Conn.,) the General Court 
confirmed his title, and accepted, 1715, December 9, the 
plan presented by the surveyors appointed <o plat it in 
regular form. This survey (Vol. 1, No. 285, at the State 
House) locates the farm at Pookookuppog Ponds. The 
land, according to the language of the grant, was "at a 

* III Worcester County records, Vol. *29, p. 195, is a deed by Lechniere, of his 
wife's p<irtion of this tract, three tiiousand four hundred and tliirty-seveii and one- 
tliinl acres to iiis cliildren, Thomas of Boston, Nicholas of New Haven, Kichard of 
Salem, Lucy, wiio married Samuel Solly of Portsmouth, N. II , and Margaret, who 
married Jonathan Simpnon of Boston. This deed is dated 1735, October 22. In 
June, 1774, W. Cliandler divided the property into twenty-four lots of varying size. 
1757, November 8, (Worcester Keg., 41 : IGl.) the heirs divided these lots by num- 
bers given among th^smselves ; the oldest son taking one-third, the others eac h 
one-sixth of the estate. Joseph Belknap of Brimfield, formerly of Woodstock, 
bought one-sixth of an undivided ))ortion, 1759, July 13, (W. R., 38 : 349,) and 
Humphrey Crane of Brimfield, ( W. U., 44 : 114,) bought the remainder. 1759, De- 
cember 4. James Frissell, ( W. U., 38 : 1 14,) Michael Sanders, ( W. R., 83 : 240,) Kli 
Town, (W. U., 88 : 127,) James Johnson, Jr., Simeon Allen, Aaron Allen, Jr., and 
Samuel Hammond of Starbridge, purchased other portions. 



THE TUFTS FARM. 27 

place called the Alum ponds, in the wilderness, west of 
Brookfield."* The name "Alum " is not the English word 
alum, and has, therefore, no reference to the chemical 
effect of alum in giving clearness to water. Three ren- 
egade Narragansett Indians, Allumps, Massashowell, and 
Aguntxis, are said to have exercised authority over 
the Nipmuck Indians in this region, who owed a quasi 
allegiance to Uncas as the nominal head of the tribes east 
of the Connecticut river. Roger Williams, in his key to 
the language of the New England Indian tribes, says that 
AUum was the Nipmuck word for dog. In the Narragan- 
sett dialect, this was modified into Ayim, This name ap- 
pears under another change as Hyems, alias James. 

Still another " farm," not now in the limits of the 
town, was " the Tufts farm." The name still survives in 
Tufts' meadow, and Tufts' brook, in what is now the 
south-western part of Warren. 166S, April 29, after a 
report from Capt. John Pierce of London, of his safe ar- 
rival in London with a ship load of masts, Avhich the 
Colonial Government had sent as a present to the king 
lor the royal navy, the General Court, as " a manifest- 
ation of the country's thankful acknowledgment of the 
good service done," voted to Captain Pierce a grant of 
six hundred acres of land. At the State House, in Vol. 
1, p. 89, of "Ancient Plans and Surveys," is a return 
made to the General Court of this land^ as surveyed by 
John Flint, 1670, October 6, for Peter Tufts of Charles- 

* Two hundred acres of the Eliot farm fell within Brimfield lines, wlien the 
eastern boundary was extended three miles beyond the original. Though this 
Eliot farm was granted by the General Court in 1715, it does not appear that it 
was occupied till many years after. The first sale of the property, of which I have 
found any record, (Worcester Registry, Vol. 82, p. 7,) was in 1762, April 18, when 
John Eliot, of New Uaven, sold to Elijah Allen, of Medfield, one-third of this one 
thousand acre grant. Five years later. 1757, February 15, Kev. Jared Eliot, Aaron 
Eliot, Joseph Eliot, of Killingsworth, (Worcester Registry, Vol. 55, p. 117,) sold to 
Kehemiah Allen, of Sturbridge, another part of this grant. Still another part re- 
mained in the possession of the descendants of John Eliot, as late as 1801, when it 
waf sold to Elijah Allen of Brimfield, father of Sanders Allen. 



28 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

town. Mr. Tufts had purchased of his brother-in-law, 
Captain Pierce, the title to tlie grant, and located it, in 
the language of the survey, '^ south-west, about five, or 
six miles distant from Quaboag, upon the road to Spring- 
field." It appears from the Springfield Registry, that in 
1669, June 29, Peter Tufts deeded this land to his sons, 
Thomas, of Medford, and John, of Newbury, to be di- 
vided equally. 1723, September 27, Thomas sold to his 
brother John, his half "three hundred acres, supposed to 
be in the township of Brimfield/' It is a descendant of 
this family who has given his name to Tufts College, 
Somerville. 

A smaller grant ought also to be mentioned, from its 
connection with the early history of the town. The 
General Court, (see Mass. Col. Rcc, Vol. 4, Pt. 1, p. 319,) 
1657, October 23, granted to Richard Fellows,^- two hun- 
dred acres of upland and meadow, to be laid out to him 
at Checcopcy river.'* He Avas to "build a house there 
for the entertainment of travelers, both for howse roorao 
for horse and man, and some lodging and provision for 
both, with beere, wine, and strong licquors." He built a 
tavern, but did not reside there more than two years. 
From (he fact that some farm implements, apparently- 
buried for security, Avere dug up there some years ago, it 
has been supposed that fear of the Indians compelled him 
to abandon the place. More than seventy years after- 
wards, it appears from the Manuscript Records of the 
General Court, (Vol. 14, p. 277,) 1729, August 28, Edward 
Hutchinson, Esq., and Mrs. Mary Wolcot, widow of Josiah 
Wolcot, Esq., deceased, petitioned that this land might 
be re-surveyed and their title confirmed to it. The}'' 
allege that their grandfather, Mr. Thomas Clark, pur- 
chased of Richard Fellows these two hundred acres, but 
"the lines of the said grant, by length of time, are grown 
obscure and uncertain." A new survey was ordered, 



THE COMMITTEE OF 1723. 29 

made 1730, June, and confirmed by the General Court, 
1733, June 22. In the Springfield Registry (L. 302) is 
the plan of this grant, an irregular piece of as good 
meadow land as could be selected, south of the river, the 
southern line passing through the site of Fellows' old 
chimney. 

So slow was the progress made in the settlement of the 
town, that in 1723, June 12, the General Court appointed 
a new committee : Hon. John Chandler, Henry D wight, 
Esq., and Mr. Joseph Jennings. 

This committee, in 1730, October 1, made a report in 
favor of annulling almost entirely the former commit- 
tee's grants, and making an entirely new allotment of 
the land. 

1731, February 16, the inhabitants addressed a memo- 
rial to the General Court, deprecating this summary 
way of depriving Ihem of their lands. "In their humble 
opinion, y® General Court did not annul y® acts and grants 
of the former committee, but only determine the Power 
of 8^ Committee for the future, nor did the last Commit- 
tee Ever receive any Power to vacate or abridge the 
former Committee's Grants." 

1731, February 22, it was voted by the General Court, 
and consented to by the royal governor, that the prayer 
of this petition be so far granted, as that a copy of this 
petition be served on some of the principal inhabitants, 
and that they be cited to appear at the next session of 
the General Court, and show cause why the report of the 
second committee should not be adopted. In the mean- 
while, the inhabitants were authorized to exercise all the 
privileges of a town, but were restrained from passing 
any acts affecting the rights of property. Capt. John 
Sherman, " a principal inhabitant," was authorized to 
" Notifye and Warn " the freeholders to assemble at some 
public place during the succeeding March, for the choice 



30 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



* 



of town officers. The date given above is properly the 
date of the incorporation of the town. It will be noticed 
that it is the same day on which George Washington was 
bom. Under this authority the town effected a political 
organization, 1731, March 16. 

1731, June 18, the General Court settled the conflict- 
ing titles to the town lands, by confirming to the occu- 
pants the grants made by the first committee, declaring 
the claims of some non-residents to be void, and for spe- 
cial services, making special grants to individuals. Full 
rights were granted to sons of several of the proprietors. 
The General Court also confirmed the titles of several 
non-residents. It was further ordered, that the whole of 
the remaining lands should belong to certain grantees, 
eighty-four in number, specified in the act, the lands to 
be proportionately divided among them. Lastly, the 
General Court enacted that the inhabitants of the town 
should have and enjoy all the privileges and immunities 
of other towns in the province. 

One of the conditions of the original grant of 1701 was 
that " no one Person that may have the Greatest Estate, 
shall have more than one hundred and tAventy acres of 
all sorts of lands." The grantees named met, 1731, No- 
vember 1, and organized by the choice of John Sherman 
as proprietors' clerk. After the one hundred and twenty 
acres of first grant land had been selected, surveyed, as- 
signed, and recorded to each of the eighty-four grantees, 
some home-lots, some plain lots, some meadow land, 
hither and yon, all over the township, the proprietors, 
1732, April 11, allotted more of the commons or undi- 
vided land. Seventy-four were entitled to an equal full 
share in this division ; ten others, by the terms of the 
General Court's enactment, were to receive each only 
half as much. The first allotment was one hundred and 
twenty acres to each proprietor as a full share. Each 



proprietors' rights and allotments. 31 

drew a number which fixed his order in the division of 
the land. After the first allotment had been completed, 
a second of like quantity followed immediately, but in re- 
verse order. There were six such double divisions before 
the land was all allotted ; 1736, sixty acres ; 1744, sixty ; 
]758, one hundred; 1775, twenty-eight; 1781, twenty- 
eight. The total quantity of land thus distributed was 
forty thousand nine hundred and sixty-four acres. Other 
grants,*specified in the act of incorporation, or obtained 
directly from the General Court, probably more than 
filled out the amount of acreage in the township. The 
grand total, if the town was eight miles wide by eleven 
miles long, would be fifty-six thousand three hundred and 
twenty acres. Some unclaimed land was taken up on 
proprietors' rights, as late as 1837. Some pieces of land 
are held now by no other right than that of undisputed 
possession for a series of years. 

The first settlers of Brimfield came mostly from Spring- 
field, and their names appear on the Springfield records 
as holding various offices. John Atchinson was hog- 
reeve, William Warriner and Nathaniel Hitchcock high- 
way-surveyors, Samuel Keep fence-viewer. 

At the first town meeting in Brimfield, held 1731, 
March 16, five selectmen were chosen. This number 
was probably fixed upon, because such was the custom 
in Springfield. Robert Moulton was the moderator of the 
first town meeting. He was also chosen town clerk and 
first selectman. But at the second annual meeting, John 
Sherman was chosen town clerk. He continued to serve 
in this ofiice, by annual vote of the toAvn, till 1761, thirty 
consecutive years. He had rare qualifications for such a 
position, and the town records are as easily read to-day 
as when first written, so methodically compact and beau- 
tifully clear, is his writing. He was the grammar school 
teacher in Springfield from 1702 to 1716, when he be- 



32 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

came a doctor of medicine. He sold his place in Spring- 
field, on Garden brook, to Pelatiah Bliss, in 1721, which 
was probably about the time that he removed to Brimfield. 
He was the ancestor of all the Sherman families of Brim- 
field. Mr. Elijah T. Sherman, living now on the spot 
selected for a home by John Sherman, has in his posses- 
sion the account book and mortar of his worthy an- 
cestor. 

The ingrained reverence of the people for established 
forms, is indicated by the fact that the committee sent to 
Boston, 1731, to secure from the General Court a full 
and regular incorporation, were instructed to purchase a 
law book and a town book. It speaks Avell for the book- 
makers, that after seventy years' use, 1731-1800, this 
book, still in its original binding, is in such good condi- 
tion. Few towns can show town records more carefully 
preserved,. systematically and accurately kept, town busi- 
ness more snugly and faithfully transacted, than Brim- 
field. Rotation in office has not been the fashion. Our 
present town clerk, Henry F. Brown, Esq , has served 
eighteen years ; A. L. Converse, town treasurer, has had 
charge of the finances twenty-nine years, continuously ; 
S. W. Brown has been moderator of town meetings for 
sixteen years. 

Town meetings w^ere at first notified or warned by per- 
sonal notice to every voter. It Avas the duty of the con- 
stable to attend to this, and it was no sinecure office to 
ride through the town on this errand. There were as 
many constables chosen as there were military compa- 
nies, each constable notifying his district, corresponding 
to the division of the town into militia companies. In 
1751, the town voted that meetings should in future be 
warned by posting written notices at the tavern on the 
town plot, and the two grist mills in the south and west 
parts; in 17G1, the warrant required notices to be posted 



TOWN MEETINGS. 33 

" at the several grist mills and the several Public Houses 
of Entertainment." In 1767, the notice was required to 
be posted only on the post provided for the purpose near 
the meeting-house, similar to the usual requirement now, 
seven days before the time of meeting. 

Town meetings were at first notified '^ in His Majestie's 
Name." The last one thus warned was held March 12, 
1776. For other meetings in that year no authority is 
specified. The meetings next year Avere called " in the 
Name of the Government and People of the Massachu- 
setts Bay," " in the name of the State of the Province of 
the Massachusetts [Bay] in New England," " in the Name 
of the People and Government of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay." The colony and province had been known 
so long by this name, that it was difficult to give up the 
familiar phrase, " Massachusetts Bay," and it still survives 
in the sobriquet, " the old Bay State." The present 
phraseology, "in the name of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts," first occurs March 10, 1783. Previous 
to the meeting in May, 1776, the date given is not only 
" the year of our Lord," but the particular " year of His 
Majestie's reign, Annoque Domini." The County of 
Hampshire, S. S., is first designated, 1747, March U ; the 
place of the seal, L. S., September 2, 1757. Once only, 
October 25, 1757, has a town meeting been called on a 
warrant from a justice of the peace. This was because 
of the refusal by the selectmen of a petition for a meet- 
ing by twenty-four men, who willfully misapprehended 
the terms of a vote in regard to Rev. Mr. Bridgham's 
salary. Of late, town meetings have been seldom the 
scenes of such warm discussions, as in former years. 
They would, perhaps, be called tame and spiritless af- 
fairs by some of the old war-horses of former days. 
There is no need now of enacting such rules of order 
as in 1806, when the meeting-house was new, that no 

5 



31 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

one should get on top of the pews, or go up into the 
pulpit. 

The qualifications for voting in town affairs have been 
changed by legislative enactment, from time to time. 
At first voters were to be at least twenty-four years old, 
and to have £80 estate. The qualifications for voting for 
representative are thus specified in the warrant, 1744 : 
" an estate of freehold in land of 40s. per annum, at least, 
or other estate to the value of £50 sterling." There 
were not enough voters in 1732 qualified to choose a 
representative. 

The civil authorities in the early period of colonial his- 
tory, legislated on almost every matter of public interest. 
They intermeddled to a great extent, also, in private af- 
fairs. But more sensible ideas and practices prevailed at 
the time Briinfield was incorporated. There was a great 
multiplicity of petty offices. Tithing-men Avere chosen 
as late as 1843. This name dates back to the reign of 
Alfred. Then men most venerable for conduct and for 
years, were chosen to superintend the morals and man- 
ners of their jieighborhood. A tithing, or ten families, 
Avere assigned to each one. But their chief business was 
to keep order in church. In the fulfillment of their duties 
they often made more disturbance, than did the unruly 
boys whom they sought to discipline. This was very 
likely to happen wlien the tithing-man would drag a 
boy by the coat collar over the backs of two or three 
seats, and set him down with a thump on the steps in the 
gallery aisles. 

The exigencies of local legislation and the lack of gen- 
eral laws, often required that special services of a public 
nature, should be assigned to responsible persons. In 
173G, Peter Ilaynes was appointed sealer of leather, and 
such an official was thereafter annually appointed. 1738, 
Henry Burt was chosen sealer of weights and measures. 



TOWN OFFICERS AND OFFICIALS. 35 

It is no longer an elective office, but filled by appoint- 
men from the selectmen. 1793, appears the oflice of 
"Culler of shingles antj staves;'* 1771, the oflice of 
" Packer of Beef and Pork,*' gives indication of increased 
attention to raising cattle for market, and increased sales 
of what are now technically called "Provisions." 1823, 
ihe first "field-drivers" were elected, supplanting the old 
"haywards." Gradually, with that grim humor which 
characterizes the Anglo Saxon race, U has come to be 
considered a neat thing to choose to this office the newly 
married men. 

In 1765, there was an eflbrt made to prevent, by addi- 
tional legislation, an increasing desecration of the Sab- 
bath, and "wardens" were chosen for this special duty. 
In 1815, there was a general movement throughout the 
State to secure a better observance of the Sabbath. 
Moral Reform Societies were established. The town 
passed a special resolve in regard to enforcing a stricter 
Sabbath observance, 1815, March 13. 

1763, January 24, in pursuance of an article in the 
warrant " to settle a box for jurors," the town voted to 
accept the names offered by the selectmen. So long as 
trial by jury is one of the established institutions of our 
American society, it is very essential that the persons 
from whom a jury is chosen, should be men of good na- 
tive powers of judgment. 

The office of constable seems to have been as undesira- 
ble to our New England ancestry as the office of publican 
was among the Jews. It was one of the constable's du- 
ties to notify every voter personally of every town meet- 
ing. Not until 1751 Avas this changed to posting written 
notices at certain specified places. The constables were, 
at first, not only charged Avith the duty of collecting the 
several rates or taxes, but they were personally liable for 
the amount of the tax bill, unless any one's taxes were 



3G niSTORICAL ADDRESS. 

discharged by vote of the town. Persons were hired by 
others to take the office in their stead. One man refused 
to serve in his turn, and paid a fine of £5. 

Assessors were chosen to apportion the several taxes, 
though for a series of years this duty was devolved upon 
the selectmen. With all our present clearer insight, it is 
very difficult to fix upon a system of valuation, that shall 
be fair and just to all parties. 

The town treasurer, though not at first burdened with 
the care of much money, Avas continually perplexed by 
the overlapping of accounts. In 1792, he was required 
for the first time to give bonds. 

It would not be known from the town records, that the 
province was engaged from 1744 to 1763 in a war that 
severely taxed the resources of the people. There is not 
a single entry, that I have discovered, that intimates any 
such condition of affairs. George I. succeeded Queen 
Ann, 1714, August 1. George 11. began his reign 1727, 
June 10. The first fourteen years passed away with 
fewer events of importance than in any other period of 
the same length in English History. 1744, March 15, 
Louis XV. declared war against Great Britain. It is 
known in European history as the War of the Austrian 
Succession ; in New England annals as " the old French 
war." I have found only slight record of any connec- 
tion of the town with this war, famous in this country by 
the successful attack on Louisburg, Cape Breton Island, 
and its surrender, 1745, June 17. It was terminated by 
the peace of Aix la Chapelle, 1748, April 30. 

1749, June 14, (Mass. Archives,) Mary Hitchcock, of 
Brimfield, petitioned the General Court for relief. Her 
husband, Nathaniel Hitchcock, went from her " very w^ell 
clad and with a good new gun." " He was in Ilis Maj- 
esty's service in Fort Massachusetts when bcsett by and 
Delivered up to our French and Indian Enemies." " He 



FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS. 57 

lived in captivity from August to the 23d day of May, 
and then died." She was awarded £12 5s. for her hus- 
band's clothes and wages, and the Commissary General 
was directed to deliver the petitioner a good gun out of 
the province store. Fort Massachusetts was seisced by a 
force of nine hundred French and Indians, 1747. In 
Mass. Archives (Vol. 92 : 49) is a list of sixteen officers 
and men impressed at Brimfield, and " sent to the West- 
em Frontiers for Defence in the Time of the Alarm in 
June, 1747." 

1756, June 9, war was again declared against England 
by Louis XV. This Seven Years' War, so called in Euro- 
pean history, ended 1763, February 10, by the Treaty of 
Paris. The war on this continent commenced somewhat 
earlier, and is known as the French and Indian Avar. 
Governor Shirley's jJlan, adopted in concert with other 
royal governors, was to organize four attacks on the 
French, in Nova Scotia, Ohio, Niagara, Canada. 

Year after year armies were raised in New England. 
Five companies from Brimfield were engaged in this 
French and Indian war. One under Capt. Ebenezer 
Moulton and Ensign David Wallis, (Mass. Archives, 94: 
113,) 1756, September 11 to December 25 ; another under 
Capt. Daniel Burt, (Mass. Archives, 76 : 149,) 1755, Sep- 
tember 19 ; another under Capt. Samuel Chandler and En- 
sign Davis, (Mass. Archives, 94 : 90,) 1755, March 30, to 
1756, January 3; another under Capt. Tristram Davis, 
(Mass. Archives, 94: 145, 6 and 94: 419, 420, 557); an- 
other under Capt. Davis and Lieut. Joseph Thomson, 
(Mass. Archives, 98: 10,) 1760, February 19; another 
under Capt. Jonathan Morgan, (Mass. Archives, 98 : 274,) 
1760, February 14 to December 16. Still other compa- 
nies, in which Brimfield men served, are mentioned, 
(Mass. Archives, 94 : 153 and 98 : 271.) It would appear 



88 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

from various papers on file, (Mass. Archives, 75 : 457 ; 
76: 600,660; 77: 11, 61, 218-220, 324,) that quite a 
number of the soldiers were sick and came home at their 
own expense, for which they asked to be reimbursed from 
the province treasury. John Davis of Brimfield, for in- 
stance, was left sick at Half Moon, and hired a man to 
bring him home from Albany, one hundred and thirty- 
seven miles, on horseback, for which he was allowed £4:. 
It is said that Beuben Townsley was taken captive by the 
Indians, and compelled to run the gauntlet. He became 
a favorite among them, was adopted into the tribe, and 
lived with them for ten years. He then returned to 
Brimfield, but found it difficult to resume the ways of 
civilized life. After remaining a Avhile, he returned to 
his forest home, and ended his days among the people 
who had adopted him. 

George IH. began his reign, 1760, October 25. He 
was narrow-minded, self-willed, and jealous of his royal 
prerogative, envious of others' greatness, resenting all 
difference from his wishes on any public measure, as a 
personal offence against the king. 1764, March 10, 
Grenville proposed to pay some portion of the expenses 
of the war then closed, by taxation of the American colo- 
, nies. Pitt opposed the measure as beyond the power of 
Parliament; saying, "there is not a blade of grass grow- 
ing in the most obscure corner of this kingdom, which 
when taxed, was taxed without the consent of the 
owner." But the king would have his way. A census 
of the colonies was ordered in 1764, to ascertain their 
ability to pay. A part of this list of citizens of Brimfield 
and their property, is among the toAvn papers. 

1765, March 22, the Stamp Act was passed, imposing 
duties on all newspapers, every law paper, all ships' pa- 
pers, property transfers, college diplomas, and marriage 



OUTBREAK OF THE KEVOLUTIONART WAR. 39 

licenses. 1765, May 28, Patrick Henry made his cele- 
brated speech in the House of Burgesses, in Virginia, de- 
nouncing the ministry of George IH., though interrupted 
by cries of " Treason ! " The opposition of the colonies 
to the Stamp Act was so open and decided, that the 
officers whose duty it was to enforce it, resigned rather 
than perform the odious service, or were intimidated by 
mob violence. 1766, March 18, the Stamp Act was re- 
pealed, though the right to tax the colonies was affirmed. 
The feeling of the English ministry was apparently the 
same as Doctor Johnson's, who said, " Sir, they are a race 
of convicts, and ought to be thankful for anything we 
allow them short of hanging." 

1767, November 20, a tax was laid on glass, painters' 
colors, paper ; 3 cents a pound on tea. Thus in the lan- 
guage of Edmund Burke, was " a revenue superadded to 
a monopoly," which monopoly was enforced at the same 
time with additional strictness, and the execution put 
into military hands. The consequences were foreseen by 
sagacious minds. "In such a cause," said Pitt, "your 
success would be hazardous. America, if she fall, would 
fall like the strong man. She would embrace the pillars 
of the state, and pull down the constitution with her." 
Franklin, as the agent of Pennsylvania, said, " the pay- 
ment of duties as regulations of commerce was never 
disputed. An internal tax is forced from the people 
without their consent. An external tax was a duty on 
commodities imported, and it enhanced their price ; but 
the people were not obliged to pay the duty ; they might 
refuse the article." 

Resistance at first took the form of associations, all over 
the country, pledged not to use any imported articles, nor 
to trade with merchants who kept such articles on sale. 
The whole export trade of Great Britain in 1704, to all 
countries, was six millions and a half In 1772, the ex- 



\ . 



40 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ports to the colonies alone were six millions. The mer- 
chants of Great Britain interested themselves in securing 
the repeal of the Stamp Act, alleging that several mil- 
lions sterling due them, were withheld by the colonists, 
on the plea that the restrictions and taxes put upon them 
had made them unable to meet their engagements. Car- 
goes of nails and glass were returned, for none would 
purchase. 1770, March 5, the British Parliament re- 
pealed all the duties laid in 17t)7, excepting that on tea. 
New York merchants began to order various articles. 
The East India Company, in 1773, being in want of 
funds, with seventeen millions pounds of tea in their 
warehouses, were relieved of all duties payable in Eng- 
land, but the colonial tax of threepence a pound was to 
be paid in the American ports, discriminating thus against 
the colonies. 1773, November 28, the ship Dartmouth 
came into Boston harbor loaded with tea. The captain 
was ordered to return. He said he could not get a clear- 
ance till the cargo was discharged. December 16, forty or 
fifty men, disguised as Indians, emptied the three hun- 
dred and forty chests into the water. The ministry re- 
solved on coercive measures. Colonel Barre had warned 
them in vain. " The language we hold is little short of 
calling the Americans rebels ; the language they hold is 
little short of calling us tyrants." The measures enacted 
by Parliament, 1774, March 31, annulled, in important 
particulars, the privileges granted by the charter ot 1G92. 
The Boston Port Bill excluded commerce from that port, 
and removed the seat of government to Salem. Other 
enactments confined town meetings to the choice of offi- 
cers annually, any meetings for other business were 
to be approved by the governor. The selection of jurors 
was given to the sheriffs; troops were to be quartered on 
the people; offenders transported to England. Can we 
wonder that our fathers were roused to the highest pitch 



REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD. 41 

of indignation ? Does not Pitt's language find an echo 
in every lover of freedom ? " If I were an American, as 
I am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in 
my country, 1 never would lay down my arms, never, 
never." General Gage arrived in Boston, 1774, May 13, 
superseding Governor Hutchinson. He had command also 
of four regiments sent with him. The people of Boston in 
one of their town meetings invited the co-operation of the 
other colonies in suspending all commercial intercourse 
with Great Britain, till the Port Bill should be repealed. 
The Assembly of Virginia recommended a General Con- 
gress. Fifty-five delegates met in Philadelphia, 1774, 
September 4, adjourning October 26, and recommending 
a Second Congress, 1775, May 10. But before that time, 
occurred the battle of Lexington, 1775, April 19. 

In the struggle for independence, as in the preliminary 
movements, Brimfield bore an honorable part. In 1768, 
September 26, Mr. Timothy Danielson, who was the rep- 
resentative to the General Court that year, was chosen 
to attend a convention to be held in Boston, " in order 
that such measures may be consulted and advised, as his 
Majesty's service and the peace and safety of his subjects 
may require." 1773, January 14, a Committee of Cor- 
respondence was appointed, to act in connection with the 
Boston Committee. At an adjourned meeting, January 2 1, 
they presented, and the town adopted, a series of resolu- 
tions, claiming the right to meet and consult upon public 
affairs, and specifying certain acts of the ministry and of 
Parliament, as endangering the rights and liberties of the 
people of the colonies. 1774, April 15, the town appro- 
priated £ I 14s., the proportion of £500 assessed by the 
House of Representatives, to defray Massachusetts' por- 
tion of the expense of the first Congress. 

A covenant was presented to all the voters, and with- 
out an exception signed by them individually. This 



42 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Continental Association, as it was called, pledged the 
signers to a suspension of all commercial intercourse with 
Great Britain, especially by refraining from the purchase 
of all imported goods. The use of tea was especially ob- 
noxious, and for it was substituted Labrador tea, or " lib- 
erty tea," made with dried leaves of the four-leaved loose- 
strip. A Congress of Committees, in Hampden County, 
was held at Northampton, 1774, September 22, "to con- 
sult upon mciisures to be taken in this time of general 
distress in the province, occasioned by the late attacks of 
the British Parliament upon the Constitution of said 
province." Timothy Danielson, of Brimfield, was chair- 
man of the convention After a long and animated de- 
bate, a committee of nine reported a series of resolutions 
similar to those adopted by other county conventions, and 
they were passed with great unanimity. These were re- 
ported to the town and approved by vote. 1774, Octo- 
ber 5, Timothy Danielson, Esq., was appointed a delegate 
to attend the Provincial Congress, convened at Concord, 
October 11. He took an active part in the proceedings 
and served on several committees. By a vote of the town, 
all the male inhabitants were divided into two military 
companies. October 7, officers were chosen of each com- 
pany. Of the East, Capt. James Sherman, Ist-Lieut. 
Jonathan Charles, 2d-Lieut. Phineas Sherman, Ensign 
Daniel Burt. Of the West, Capt. Samuel NichoU, Ist- 
Lieut. Jonathan Brown, 2d-Lieut. Nathan Hoar, Ensign 
Abner Stebbins. Minute-men were urged to enroll them- 
selves, and ample pay guaranteed in c<ase they should be 
called out. Though this vote was afterwards, 1774, Oc- 
tober 27, reconsidered, yet the object was accomplished. 

1774, October 5, the town voted ^^ to co-operate with 
the Joint-Committees of Boston and the Neighboring 
Towns, not to supply the Troops with Joists, etc.. Mate- 
rials to fortify with." October 7, the several conmiittees 



REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD. 43 

of the town were enjoined to see that the Inhabitants 
comply with the Continental Association and observe it 
inviolate, and that they be united in the resolves of the 
Provincial and Continental Congresses." December 23, a 
committee of five was appointed to act as a Committee of 
Inspection, "for the purposes mentioned in the 10th and 
11th Articles of the Continental Congress, and by a Re- 
solve of the Provincial Congress passed December 5, 
1774." This committee was instructed specially " to in- 
spect Tea Drinkers, and if they shall know or find out 
any Person who shall still continue to Use, Sell, or Con- 
sume in their families any East India Tea, to post up 
their names in some public place, that they may be 
known and Despised." The several constables were di- 
rected not to pay the province tax, when collected, to the 
province treasurer, Harrison Gray, but to Henry Gardner, 
Esq., of Stow, as recommended by the Provincial Con- 
gress. 

1775, January 11, the town voted to join with Monson 
and South Brimfield in sending a delegate to the Provin- 
cial Congress. January 18, Mr. Timothy Danielson was 
chosen. In response to a memorial presented by Mr. Dan- 
ielson, the town voted " to provide for fifty minute-men 
a cartridge box, knapsack, and thirty rounds of cartridge 
and ball, the charge thereof to be paid out of the town 
treasury. When the said minute-men shall have finished 
their service, the above said Articles shall be returned to 
the Town Stores." (In the annual meeting, March 13, a 
" Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and Safety," 
was chosen, as ordered by the General Court. For three 
subsequent annual meetings such a committee was regu- 
larly chosen on the list of town officers.) Capt. Joseph 
Thompson was " desired to raise a minute company of fifty 
men, to be paid one shilling every half day they shall 
train, and to train one-half day each week." Such a 



44 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

company was raised, and trained regularly, for the town 
order-books contain accounts of the money paid in ac- 
cordance with this vote. But no record has been found 
of the departure of this company for Boston, when news 
came of the battle of Lexington. It appears from the 
State Archives, that two companies did go. At Cam- 
bridge these minute-men were re-organized, enlisting for 
eight months. Timothy Danielson was commissioned 
colonel, May 26. May 25, the towns of Brimfield, South 
Brimfield and Monson, chose him delegate to the Provin- 
cial Congress of 1775. £i 10s. was allowed him by the 
town for Brimficld's proportion of his expenses. It was 
voted that the committees of the town be "enjoined 
strictly to observe the directions of the Congress, with 
respect to persons who may be charged wuth being inimi- 
cal to the Country ; and the Town will discountenance 
and Endeavor to prevent all disorderly meetings." It 
was also voted that " the Town will aid and assist the 
Constables in Distraining the Effects of such persons as 
refuse or unreasonably neglect to pay their Rates." 

The Provincial Congress, 1775, June 15, passed a 
requisition for ten hundred and sixty-five muskets, each 
tow^n to furnish a specified number. Brimfield w^as called 
on for thirteen. July 5, for forty-eight "coats made in 
common plain way, short, with small folds, and without 
lappels." There were no manufacturing establishments in 
those days. 177G, January 4, the legislature passed an 
order for four thousand blankets. Brimfield was to fur- 
nish ten. Clothing was entirely of domestic manufacture. 
If the towns could not hire coats or blankets made, the 
collecting officers took them at a price, from families that 
were called upon to give up any such articles in their 
possession, not in use. Among the State Archives are to 
be found many receipts for guns and clothing furnished 
by the town. 



PATRIOTISM OF THE CITIZENS. 45 

1776, May 10, the legislature ** Resolved, As the opin- 
ion of this House, that the Inhabitants of each Town in 
this Colony, ought to advise the Person or Persons who 
shall be chosen to represent them in the next General 
Court, whether, that if the honorable Congress should, 
for the safety of the said Colonies, declare them Inde- 
pendent of the Kingdom of Great Britain, they, the said 
Inhabitants would solemnly Engage with their Lives and 
Fortunes to support the Congress in this measure." May 
24, in response to this action of the legislature, the town, 
in choosing Mr. Danielson to be their representative, 
voted unanimously " that if the Hon. Congress should for 
the safety of the said Colonies, declare them Independent 
of the Kingdom of Great Britain, we, the said Inhabitants, 
will solemnly engage with our Lives and Fortunes to sup- 
port them in the Measure.'* North Carolina was the first 
of the colonies to declare in favor of independence. Mas- 
sachusetts, with her usual wise deliberation, sought an 
expression from the people, through the town meetings, 
and such was the sentiment in favor of the measure, that 
John Adams could assure his colleagues, as a matter of 
positive certainty, that the people of Massachusetts were 
overwhelmingly in favor of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. 

It is evident that separation from Great Britain was 
not at first the desire or design of the American patriots. 
But the blood shed at Lexington proved, as Pitt in 1774, 
January 27, declared, the first drop of bloodshed would 
be " the opening of an incurable wound." Thomas Paine, 
by his pamphlet entitled Common Sense, published in the 
winter of 1775-6, had great influence in rousing the 
public mind to look upon independence as the only pos- 
sible effectual safeguard against governmental tyranny. 
The hiring and embarkation of Hessian troops for Amer- 
ica, was regarded as an additional degradation, rather 



46 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

than as an additional danger. The country demanded 
the Declaration of Independence, and rejoiced over it 
tumultuously, as the news of the action of Congress, July 
4, reached each isolated village or populous town. 

1776, May 18, the General Court ordered that one- 
fourth of the militia should be enrolled as minute-men. 
June 25, the General Courjb ordered five thousand men 
to be raised. Those going from Hampshire County were 
destined for the expedition against Canada, under Mont- 
gomery and Arnold, and soldiers were offered £1 bounty. 
Brimfield's quota was seventeen. This order was fol- 
lowed, July 10, by an order for the enlistment of every 
twenty-fifth man in the State. The total population was 
349,094. 

October 16, the legislature ordered that fifteen battal- 
ions should be raised, to serve in the Continental army 
till the end of the war. In the warrant for the annual 
town meeting, under the article, " To see if the town will 
come into any method further to encourage the enlist- 
ment of our quota of the Continental army," it is added, 
" and the town will give their attendance by said time 
proposed, as this article may be the first acted upon." 
Mr. Nathaniel Danielson was appointed muster master, 
with authority to collect and pay out bounty money. A 
committee was appointed to report how much money 
should be raised, and how much each inhabitant w^as to 
be credited for service already rendered. 

1777, January 26, the legislature ordered a requisition 
for every seventh man, of sixteen years old and upwards, 
to serve three years, or during the war, to fill up the fif- 
teen battalions called for by the Continental Congress. 

1777, February 5, a convention of the Committees of 
Safety of the several towns in the county, was held at 
Northampton, at which Brimfield was represented. This 
convention recommended that supplies be forwarded at 



PATRIOTISM OF THE CITIZENS. 47 

once to the Northern army, suffering from small-pox as 
well as from the hardships of camp-life amid the rigors 
of a Canadian winter. March 10, the town voted that 
twenty pounds be added to the bounty given by Con- 
gress to such men as shall enlist into the service for 
'* three years, or during the war." £600 was voted to 
be raised immediately. A special committee was ap- 
pointed to make the assessment. If any should refuse 
to pay their assessments, their names were to be *' re- 
ported to the Selectmen and the Committee of Corre- 
spondence, who were empowered to make immediate 
collection, in such manner as they think proper. Any 
person refusing shall be considered as having incurred 
the highest displeasure of the town." The treasurer was 
cautioned " not to pay the twenty pounds to any but 
able bodied men, such as shall pass the county muster 
master." May 19, an additional £100 was voted. 

1778, March 9, the town voted to sink* the rates, (i. 6., 
not collect the taxes,) of Capt. Thomas Bliss, " he being 
a prisoner of war." April 20, the legislature called for 
two thousand men for nine months' service, to fill up fif- 
teen Continental battalions. One thousand three hundred 
men to go up the Hudson river ; two hundred to Rhode 
Island. June 23, one thousand men were ordered out to 
guard the prisoners from Burgoyne's army. Philemon 
Warren, at that time a boy in Weston, was ordered out 
on this service. May 13, the selectmen were instructed 
to take care of and provide for the families of the non- 
commissioned soldiers. A bounty of £210 was voted to 
those who would join the Continental army. A commit- 
tee was chosen to carry to the men at Fishkill, the clothing 
provided by the town, the General Court having passed 
an order for collecting shirts, shoes, and stockings, equal 
in number, each, to one-seventh the male inhabitants. 

1779, March 10, £200 were voted to purchase a town 



48 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

stock of ammunition. June 8, two thousand men were 
called for to fill up the Continental batteries, eight hundred 
men to serve in Khode Island, both for nine months' service. 
Brimfield's quota of three received £105 for mileage to 
Providence. June 21, after voting that the town would 
" come into some method to fill up the Waists of the Conti- 
nental Army," a committee was appointed to hire the men. 
June 28, it was "voted to raise ^1800 to hire six men 
to join the Continental Army." They went to Fishkill, 
N. Y. The money was to be borrowed at once, payable in 
six months. August 16, Lieut. Aaron Mighell was cho- 
sen a Receiver of Loans, and patriotic citizens who had 
money to spare, were offered an opportunity to help the 
town meet its fast increasing obligations. A committee, 
appointed for this purpose, reported a list of one hundred 
and forty-eight names, and <£ 1,768.8s. due for such service. 
A tax of £1,857. 168., was voted to equalize this. A dele- 
gate had been appointed to attend a convention at Con- 
cord, September, to devise reme^lies for the depreciation 
of the currency, by fixing prices of merchandise and 
county produce. The town committee were instructed 
to proceed against all persons who shall violate the regu- 
lations adopted, suggested in the address of tlie convene 
tion, dated October 12, 1779. October 9, two thousand 
men were called for to co- operate with the French army, 
each soldier receiving a bounty of £30 from the town, and 
£16 per month in addition to the Continental pay. Octo- 
ber 19 the town voted to raise ten men to join the Con- 
tinental army. £540 was raised for this purpose. They 
went to Claverack, N. Y., and thence to Yorktown, Va. 

1780, June 19, after appointing the captains of the 
militia companies, a committee to secure the quota of 
thirteen men to reinforce the Continental army, it was 
" voted to Give Each man as a Hire who shall enlist as a 
soldier and serve six months the Sum of One Thousand 



PATRIOTISM OF THE CITIZENS. 49 

Pounds, or the Benefit of the Everedge [Average], or 
else the Sum of thirteen hundred Pounds." The Treas- 
urer was authorized to give said men his note for all the 
money they shall leave in his hands, and " said money to 
be as good as it now is." <£20,000 was the amount ap- 
propriated. July 3, it was voted to hire the militia to 
serve three months, each man enlisting to receive £650. 
For this object, £11,3U0 was appropriated. October 11, 
£4,912. 12s. was voted to pay for seven horses, bought at 
various prices from £300 to £1,193, and sent to Spring- 
field in response to a requisition on the town. October 
23, £13,000 was voted to pay for 7,530 pounds of beef 
on a requisition for that amount. December 21, it was 
voted to pay every month the thirteen men enlisted. 

It had now become so difficult to secure the men needed 
for the army, that the legislature, December 2, ordered 
that all the ratable polls and estates should be divided 
into as many classes as there were men to be furnished, 
each " class " to furnish its man. 

17S1, January 1, the town was required to furnish 
14,458 pounds of beef, and appropriated £34,000 for this 
and for soldiers' wages. The next money voted is in 
striking contrast in the figures, July 23, £180 to hire 
twelve men three months to reinforce the armv, each 
man to receive £15 hard money. The constable, Capt. 
John Sherman, was instructed *^ not to receive any more 
money than is now due to said Town at any other rate 
than will answer or pay the debts of said Town." Wages 
were to be reckoned " as when silver was the common 
currency." 

1782, at the annual town meeting, in order to raise the 
five men called for to join the Continental army, £50 
was voted to fit them out, £202 to pay in full the first 
year's dues of the three years' men, and May 10, the 
Treasurer was authorized to give each one enlisting under 

7 



50 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the last call £60 in money and notes. After the surren- 
der of Comwallis at Yorktown, 1781, October 19, the 
war was unpopular in England, and 1782, March 28, the 
House of Commons voted not to prosecute the war any 
farther. Preliminary articles of a treaty, acknowledging 
the United Colonies to be " free, sovereign and independ- 
ent States," were signed at Paris, 1782, November 30. 
1783, April 19, just eight years after the battle of Lex- 
ington, Washington issued in camp a notice that hostili- 
ties had ceased. 

After the first encounters with the British troops at 
Lexington, Bunker Hill, and the siege of Boston, for the 
succeeding years of the war Massachusetts was free from 
any hostile attack. Rhode Island was in possession of 
the British from the outbreak of the war till 1779, Octo- 
ber 25, and Massachusetts militia often marched to that 
State to repress i»\'asion and pillage. 1776, November 
28, Massachusetts men were also to be found far away 
from home, fighting the battles of Liberty with full ranks 
and untiring ardor. Said General Washington to Theo- 
dore Sedgwick, the representative to Congress from tliis 
district, as they stood together at West Point, while the 
army was under review : " Do you see from that fence to 
that tree those men in line ? They are all from Massa- 
chusetts, and they number one hundred and fifty more 
than one-half of the whole army." That incident is but 
one out of many, showing Massachusetts' patriotic devo- 
tion. So many men were called away, that it was ex- 
tremely difficult to carry on the needful daily work on 
the farm and in the shop. When Captain Sherman, de- 
tained, to his great anxiety, beyond the time he had fixed, 
came home from one of the short terms of service, short 
because the men could not be spared any long time, he 
wept like a child to find that two boys he left at home 
had not gathered the crops, and had made no preparation 



SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTION. 51 

whatever for the coming winter. Money was as freely 
given as time and life, and the records show that in spite 
of the depreciation in the currency, the town's obliga- 
tions were always fully and promptly paid. It is only 
by giving the town's record in full, that any due impres- 
sion can be conveyed of the honorable part the town 
took in the sacrifices and services of the Revolutionary 
War. 

The Continental Congress, 1779, October 19, in making 
provision for a Continental army, called for quotas from 
the various States to serve one year. The enlisted men 
were to receive $5 per month, furnish their own arms, 
and instead of bounty receive one felt hat, one pair yarn 
stockings, one pair shoes. By act of Congress, 1776, 
September 16, enlisted men were to serve three years, or 
during the war, each man to receive $20 bounty and one 
hundred acres of land. The several States were to ap- 
point the officers, provide arms and clothing, two linen 
hunting shirts, two pairs overalls, one leather or woolen 
waistcoat with sleeves, one pair breeches, hat or leather 
cap, two shirts, two pairs hose, two pairs shoes. 1780, 
February 9, Congress called on the States to fill up the 
battalions in each State line. Massachusetts had to fur- 
nish fifteen battalions of nine companies each, with one 
light infantry company to each battalion. In 1781, Sep- 
tember 26, the Continental army landed at James river, 
and began the siege of Yorktown. Its surrender, 1781, 
October 19, virtually ended the war. It is possible, though 
difficult, to make out a list of the soldiers furnished by 
each town, and the period and place of service. Such a 
list, presumably complete, is given in the appendix. 

Of but few individuals, active in the Kevolutionary 
War, is there any tradition or record, as having a career 
memorable for daring achievement or display of heroism. 
Courage is the common, as it is the indispensable virtue 



52 HISTORICAIi ADDRESS. 

of a soldier. Christopher Ward, who died 1840, October 
13, aged eighty-three, used often to tell how he narrowly 
escaped from some British dragoons. They came upon 
him unexpectedly while he was in a house, enjoying a 
good dinner. • He rushed out of the house, and using his 
gun as a leaping pole, jumped over a fence as high as his 
chin, and was soon safe from his pursuers in the woods. 
Lieutenant Thompson, of Brimfield, is said to have been 
the last soldier killed in the War of Independence. Ma- 
jor Abner Morgan, afterwards a leading law^yer in Brim- 
field, served under Montgomery in the expedition to Can- 
ada. Col. Jonathan Thompson was in command of a 
regiment at the siege of Yorktown. Blodget was taken 
prisoner, but escaped by appropriating the red coat of 
one of his guard, and decamping with it incontinently. 
Enoch Morgan entered at the age of sixteen, and served 
through the war. 

When, in 1874, repairs were made on the house in 
which Captain Nichols used to live, now occupied by Mr. 
L. A. Cutler, a letter to Captain Nichols was found, writ- 
ten by Jesse Parker, at that time one of the soldiers from 
Brimfield, stationed at Fishkill. In his later life, like 
many other old soldiers, Jesse was often overcome by 
strong drink. His drunkenness made him recall his mil- 
itary service. Mounting a rock, he would give his orders 
as commander-in-chief, "Attention, the whole w^orld! 
Nations, wheel by battalions." 

In the kitchen of Captain Nichols' house, on the wood 
work over the fire-place, some Hessians, that lodged there 
for a time, carved their names. They were stragglers from 
Burgoyne's army, who preferred to find a home in America 
to being given up to the British. At the surrender of Bur- 
goyne's army, 1777, October 17, five thousand seven hun- 
dred and ninety-one soldiers, two thousand four hundred 
and twelve of them Hessians, became prisoners of war. 



SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTION. 53 

By the terms of the surrender, they were to be marched 
to Boston by the most expeditious and convenient route, 
there to be exchanged and embarked on board transports 
that were to meet them. They marched through the 
country on the old Boston road. At Powers' Corner they 
rested several days. Farmers went there to thresh oats 
for the horses. They were escorted by a few militia, and 
marched slowly, taking three days to pass any given 
point. The Dorman family, of Monson, and the Weineke 
or Veineke family, of Wales, are descendants of Hessian 
soldiers, who dropped out on the line of march. The 
Dorman family are said to have been men of stalwart 
physique. One of them, standing in a half bushel meas- 
ure, would lift to his head four bushels of salt. Some 
Ilessians died, and were buried during the halt at West 
Brimfield. Their front teeth were so worn by hard fare 
and hard usage, that to the unscientific observer, the sol- 
diers' sculls dug up in that locality a few years ago 
appeared to have double teeth all round the mouth. 

The country was impoverished by the long-continued 
war for independence, the government unsettled, ordinary 
business stagnant, and the people hailed with joy the 
peace of Paris that terminated the war, 1783, September 
3. The soldiers, when the army was disbanded, found 
themselves virtually defrauded of their reasonable claim 
for wages due, by being paid off in a worthless currency. 
The State debt was more than £1,300,000 (£250,000 due 
Massachusetts officers and soldiers) ; and besides this the 
State's proportion of the federal debt was £1,500,000. 

At Burt's tavern, next to Abraham Charles' place on 
the road to Sturbridge, the farmers' cattle that had been 
brought, to be sold at auction to pay taxes, would often be 
driven back again, not a bid offered, because not a cent 
of money could be paid. The general indebtedness and 
the provisions of the laws then in force, unduly favoring 



% • 



54 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the creditor, not as now the debtor, were causes of gen- 
eral distress. But instead of seeking redress through the 
regular channels of constitutional legislation, conventions 
assembled in various counties to consider their grievances* 
Armed mobs prevented the courts from being held ; the 
first at Northampton, 1V86, August 29. Daniel Shays, of 
Pelham, and Luke Day, of West Springfield, who had both 
been captains in the Continental army, were especially 
conspicuous in fomenting disturbance. 1,200 men gath- 
ered in Springfield to prevent the opening of the Superior 
Court, September 26. The militia companies under Gen- 
eral Shepard, of Westfield, had been summoned to defend 
the Court House. The Grand Jury was thus pre-occupied 
with military duty, and though the court was opened, no 
business could be done. It is gaid that General Daniel- 
son, at this time Chief Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas, finding the steps of the Court House occupied by 
men disposed to prevent his entrance, being a large, 
stout man, took one man with one hand and another 
with his other hand, and slinging the crowd thus in 
opposite directions, made way for himself to the Court 
room. 

The people of Brimfield, during the time of the Shays 
Rebellion, were on the side of law and order. Captain 
Sherman's and Captain Hoar's militia company, in Col. 
Gideon Burt's regiment, marched to Springfield, and 
did their part in sustaining the government and the 
authorized administration of justice, when Samuel Ely 
was taken out of Springfield Gaol, June 12, 1782, and 
rioters assembled at Northampton, June 16. 

1776, October 4, in accordance with a resolve of the 
legislature, at a town meeting of " all the inhabitants be- 



* Simeon Hubbard was sent to the convention that met at Hailley, 1787, January 
2, and advised the people to petition for relief, rather than seek it by force and 
violence. 



STATE CONSTITUTION ADOPTED AND AMENDED. 55 

ing free and over twenty-one years of age " — property 
qualifications on this occasion not being specified, the first 
instance of simple manhood suffrage — it was voted " that 
the present House of Representatives, of this State of 
Massachusetts Bay, should prepare a Constitution and 
Form of Government to be submitted to the people for 
approval/' Though government was without Constitu- 
tional warrant all this time, there was most perfect order 
maintained. 1778, May 13, the town voted against 
the proposed Constitution, twenty-seven yeas, four nays. 
1779, August 24, Hon. Timothy Danielson, Esq., was 
chosen a delegate to the Convention at Cambridge, 
September 1, to form a new Constitution. The Bill 
of Rights and State Constitution proposed by this Con- 
vention, were submitted to the people and adopted, 1780, 
May 29. 

1820, November 15, on the separation of Maine, the 
second State Constitutional Convention met at Boston. 
To this -B5r Israel Trask and Hon. John Wyles were 
elected delegates. Of the fourteen articles of amend- 
ment proposed, nine were adopted by vote of the people, 
1821, April 29. Under one of these the legislature were 
authorized to propose specific amendments, some of which 
were adopted, some rejected. Not till 1840 was the prop- 
erty representation in voting for senators abolished ; pre- 
viously Suffolk County, because of its greater wealth, 
had one senator to 7,500 people ; Berkshire one to 20,000. 
Not till 1831 was the first Wednesday in January, instead 
of the last in May, made the beginning of the civil year. 
1851, Nov. 10, the people voted against the proposition 
for another convention to revise the Constitution. 1853, 
May 4, the third State Constitutional Convention met 
in Boston, and Parsons Allen was the delegate from Brim- 
field; but the people refused 1853, Nov. 14, to ratify its 
action. 



56 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Not till 1787, September 17, was the Constitution of 
the United States framed, the old Articles of Confedera- 
tion serving, the meantime, to keep the States from sep- 
arating entirely. Though only ten out of the thirteen 
States, accepted it at first, this majority was such a com- 
pliance with the provisions of the Constitution, as to 
bring it into immediate operation. Maj. Abner Morgan 
was the delegate from Brimfield to the Massachusetts 
Convention in 1788, to adopt and ratify the United States 
Constitution. Washington was elected the first President, 
and inaugurated 1789, April 30. Four elections were 
necessary before the choice was made of Theodore Sedg- 
wick, in preference to Samuel Lyman, as the first repre- 
sentative to Congress from this district. 

The period succeeding the adoption of the Constitution 
was one of general prosperity. Yet soon party feeling 
developed itself. The conservative and moneyed classes 
favored a strict construction of the Constitution. These 
classes, constituting the great body of the federalist party, 
took to themselves the credit for the successful operation 
of the Constitution. Against these the democrats were 
pitted. They disliked the vantage given to character 
and wealth in the decision of political questions, and 
sought to give those out of office fuller opportunity to 
taste its sweets. There was, undoubtedly, a mouldy 
flavor of aristocracy in some of the usages and institu- 
tions of our New England communities. The federalists 
seemed to think that the upper classes were entitled to 
rule, while the democrats disbelieved any such notion as 
that the lower orders were sent into the world only to 
obey. Party feeling ran high. In some pulpits strong 
prejudices found vent, as in one minister's declaration : " I 
do not say that every democrat is a horse-thief, but I do 
say that every horse-thief is a democrat." Jeflferson, just 
returned from Paris, was suspected of cherishing such 



FORMATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES. 57 

wild notions of individual liberty, as had shocked the 
world in the excesses of the French Revolution. The 
measures he proposed were thought to be not only de- 
signed to favor France against England, but to damage 
New England. 

1807, December 22, Congress passed the Embargo Act, 
detaining all vessels then in our ports, and ordering all 
our vessels abroad to return home. It was a fatal blow 
to commerce, and brought ruin to many New England 
people. An incidental evidence of this is furnished by 
Squire Pynchon's record of cases tried before him as Jus- 
tice of the Peace. It is almost entirely filled with the 
claims of one person against another for small debts. 

1808, August 29, the town in special meeting voted to 
petition the President to suspend the Embargo. General 
Eaton advocated the measure, and the town requested 
him to furnish a copy of his speech for publication. He 
read a written address. Daniel Frost objected to reading 
in the town meeting. The Moderator decided that Gen- 
eral Eaton had a right to read ; whereupon Frost sent out 
for a copy of the Constitution. When General Eaton 
had concluded his address, Frost commenced to read his 
book. It was sometime before he could be made to com- 
prehend that his reading was not in order. 

1809, March 1, the Embargo Act was repealed, three 
days before Jej^erson went out of office; but the Non- 
Intercourse Act was passed the same day, which was 
almost equally oppressive in its restrictions. 

Complications with Great Britain on questions of juris- 
diction, culminated in a declaration of war, 1812, June 
18. At the annual town meeting, the state of the coun- 
try was one of the topics for consideration, and at a spe- 
cial meeting in July, a vote was passed approving the 
resolutions adopted at a meeting in Boston, June 15. 
Those who had brought on the war had made no prepa- 

8 



58 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ration for it. The federalists of Massachusetts strongly 
opposed the war, discouraged enlistments, called the 
Hartford Convention, which met 1814, December 14, and 
upheld State Rights, if it did not recommend secession. 
Yet Massachusetts furnished fourteen thousand troops, 
more than any other single State. The militia of the 
State were called out for the defence of Boston against 
an anticipated attack. When the order for the draft was 
read in Brimfield on Sunday, September 10, some men 
mounted their horses and rode off out of the town to 
avoid the odious service. Lemuel Allen and Sanders 
Allen, twin brothers, were both drafted. Brimfield and 
Monson furnished one company. Adolphus Homer, of 
Monson, was Captain ; Abner Brown, Lieutenant. They 
rendezvoused at Palmer, 1814, September 12, marched to 
Boston, and remained in the fortifications there till No- 
vember 24, when they were discharged and sent home. 
The militia forces were under the control of State officers, 
ninety-three thousand five hundred men, ten thousand 
from Massachusetts having been ordered out by the Pres- 
ident July 4. Major-General Whiton, of Lee, one of eight 
militia major-generals, was the commander-in-chief. All 
that was seen of the enemy was a ship cruising off the 
harbor of Boston. In the wrestling matches with which 
the men whiled away their time, the Brimfield soldiers 
showed special skill, many of them being very stalwart 
men. 

Commissioners met at Ghent, 1814, August 8, but En- 
gland's demands at first were too insolently imperious, 
insisting as she did upon her retention of Maine, our 
giving up Ohio and the territory westward of the Ohio 
to her Indian allies. These deujands were modified, how- 
ever, and 1814, December 24, the treaty of peace was 
signed, and the country rejoiced. 

The country was immediately flooded with British 



ANTI-SLAVERY AGITATIOX. 59 

manufactures, cheap, and to be sold at a loss with final 
profit, if our own manufacturers could be crushed out. 
But Yankee ingenuity had been busy devising labor-sav- 
ing machinery, and Yankee enterprise devoted itself to 
manufactures as giving speedier and larger profits than 
farming. The increased value of cotton made the aboli- 
tion of slavery a vexed question in politics. 1837, Sep- 
tember 11, the town adopted a resolution against the ad- 
mission of Texas. The sentiment of the town was always 
strongly against the continuance of slavery, though some 
members of its prominent families — Trasks and Pynchons 
— had gone to the Southern states to become land-holders 
and slave-owners. 

The admission of 'I'exas, 1845, March 1, was followed 
by the war with Mexico, declared 1846, April 24. The 
volunteers who served in the Mexican campaigns were 
largely from the Southern states. None went from Brim- 
field. The treaty of peace, 1848, February 2, gave us 
possession of California. 

The discovery of gold in California caused an unprec- 
edented rush of emigration to that far-off El Dorado. 
Some of the young men, Edward Sherman and George C. 
Homer and others, went with the crowd of gold-seekers 
in 1849. The admission of California as a btate, in 1850, 
was attended with heated discussions of the slavery ques- 
tion, and when, in 1854, May 30, the Missouri compro- 
mise was repealed, such an anti-slavery feeling was 
aroused, that on this tide of tempestuous emotion Lincoln 
was seated in the Presidential Chair, I860. 

In the wari of secession that followed, the record of the 
town shows that patriotism was as ardent, the readiness of 
the town to meet the country's call for men or money, or 
woman's sympathy and self-sacrifice, as honorable as in 
the days of the Revolution. The firing on Fort Sumter, 
the first overt belligerent act of Secession, occurred 1861, 



CO HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

April 11. April 3 5, President Lincoln called for sev- 
enty-five thousand volunteers to defend Washington; 
May 3, for eighty-two thousand seven hundred and four- 
teen addhional ; July 5, after the disastrous conflict at 
Bull Run, another call was made for four hundred thou- 
sand; August 2, this was increased to five hundred 
thousand. Those were days of darkness, when little 
progress seemed to be made. It was soon evident that 
instead of a few days' junketing we must expect a 
long and bloody war. 1862, July 1, there was a- call 
for six hundred thousand volunteers, followed, August 
4, by the order for a draft of three hundred thousand 
to serve nine months. August 8, Governor Andrew or- 
dered a new enrollment of all male citizens of Massa- 
chusetts, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five. 
1863, January 1, with the signing of the Emancipation 
Proclamation, the scales of victory slowly turned in favor 
of the North. October 17, there was a call for three 
hundred thousand more troops. 1864, March 1, the Pres- 
ident issued an order for two hundred thousand drafted 
men, unless a sufficient number should volunteer, previ- 
ous to April 15, so as to fill the quotas demanded up to 
that time. March 18, the legislature authorized the 
towns to raise money for bounties not to exceed one hun- 
dred and twenty-five dollars for each man enlisted to fill 
the quota. July 1§, there came a call for five hundred 
thousand men to serve one, two, or three years. By or- 
der of Major-General Dix, 1864, May 4, Massachusetts 
was called on for militia for ninety days' service, and June 
30, for others for one hundred days' service. The last 
call for troops was 1864, December 21, for thr^e hundred 
thousand men to make up deficiency of two hundred and 
sixty thousand through credits and discharges on previ- 
ous calls. 1865, April 30, volunteering ceased. 

To all these calls there was a ready response. The 



WAR OF SECESSION. 61 

first volunteers enlisted in the Twenty -seventh Regiment, 
mainly in Co. I. When the draft was made in 1863, 
either the drafted men went, or they paid the three hun- 
dred dollars commutation money accepted by the govern- 
ment. If the time of service was, as in 1862, only nine 
months, there were enough who were ready to leave 
home and farm for that length of time, to more than fill 
the town's quota. Re-enlistments, volunteering of young 
men for the new levies, and the payment of bounties for 
substitutes, kept the town's quota filled in advance of the 
calls ; and at the close of the war one hundred and four- 
teen men had been sent, though the whole number liable 
to do military duty, in 1864, was only 184. The town was 
credited with five more men than, according to the Adju- 
tant-General's calculation, was demanded as its quota on 
all the calls. 

The Twenty-seventh Regiment mustered at Springfield 
1861, September 20, and left camp November 2, under 
command of Col. Horace C. Lee, of Springfield. They 
were in camp at Annapolis till 1862, January 6, when 
they left for Fortress Monroe, as part of the Burnside 
expedition. A storm came on, and they remained on 
board the transports till February 6. Landing on Roa- 
noke Island, February 7, marched against the enemy, and 
under General Foster's leadership drove them from their 
fortification. Went next to Newbern, N. C, March 14, 
where they attacked and drove out the enemy. May 1, 
they went out to Batchelder's Creek, about eight miles 
from Newbern. July 25, they marched on a reconnois- 
sance to Trenton. September 3, those companies were 
sent to Washington, N. C. December 11, marched on 
the expedition to Goldsboro, to break up the Wilmington 
and Weldon railroad. Met and routed the enemy at 
Kinston, December 17; tore up the track and burned the 
railroad bridge over the Neuse river, 1863, January 4 ; 



62 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

went to Washington, N. C, March 30. The place was 
attacked by fifteen thousand confederates under Maj.- 
Gen. D. H. Hill. The steamer Escort, with the Fifth 
Rhode Island Eegiment and supplies, safely ran the block- 
ade, whereupon the confederates abandoned the siege. 
April 27, the regiment was in the engagement at Batch- 
elder Creek, and again May 20, at Cove Creek. June 6, 
served as provost guard at Newbern. July 17, marched 
to Swift Creek to support the cavalry on the Rocky Mount 
raid. The regiment served as provost guard at Norfolk 
and Portsmouth. March 5, went on an expedition to 
Magnolia Springs; April 12, beyond Suflfolk; May 5, to 
Bermuda Hundred, up the James river ; May 9, in the 
engagement at Swift Creek before Petersburg, were op- 
posed to the Twenty-seventh South Carolina regiment of 
the confederate forces; May 15, in one of the fights in 
front of Petersburg, lost nine officers, including both 
colonel and lieutenant-colonel, with two hundred and for- 
ty-three enlisted men ; May 31, marched to Coal Harbor; 
June 3, suffered severely in the attack on the enemy's 
works at that place; June 15, marched towards Petersburg 
and lost nearly one-half their number in the attack of 
June 18 ; left the front September 17, and Colonel Lee, 
with the detachment of men (one hundred and seventy- 
nine) whose term of service then expired, was mustered 
out 1864, September 27. Twenty-five from Brimfield 
were in Company I ; of these nine re-enlisted. 

Under the call for nine months' men in 1862, a com- 
pany of one hundred and one men was enlisted in the 
towns of Brimfield, Monson, Wales and Holland. Fran- 
cis D. Lincoln, of Brimfield, was elected Captain ; George 
H. Howe, of Monson, First Lieutenant; Lucius M. Lyon, 
of Wales, Second Lieutenant. They formed Company 
G, Forty-sixth regiment. They remained in camp in 
Springfield, from September 9 to November 5, 1862. 



WAR OF SECESSION. 63 

They were ordered to Newbern, N. C, and arrived at 
their destination November 15 ; went on an expedition 
December 10, to Goldsboro, N. C, where they tore up 
the line of the Wilmington railroad, and burned the 
bridge ; returning then to Newbern, they were sent, 
March 2G, 1863, to Plymouth, N. C, to repel an expect- 
ed advance of the confederate forces upon Washington, 
N. C. After an unavailing siege of eighteen days, the con- 
federates retired without any general engagement. June 
23, the regiment was ordered to Fortress Monroe. 
Thence they were transferred, July 1, to Baltimore, and 
did patrol duty for a few days ; July 7, they were ordered 
to Maryland Heights; July 11, they were sent to the 
Army of the Potomac ; starting at nine p. m., they kept 
marching night and day, till they almost reached the 
river at Funktown. When within fifty yards of the Po- 
tomac, the order came to return by shortest route to 
Massachusetts and be mustered out. They reached 
Springfield, July 21, 1863, jaded out with the fatigues 
and vexations of these marches, made as ordered, only to 
find at one time that they were not wanted, and at an- 
other that they might be of service, but were not to be 
allowed to fight. Four of the company died in the ser- 
vice, though none were killed in battle. The company 
acquitted themselves creditably, and their record as here 
given may well be regarded as an honor to the town. 

One characteristic feature of the enlistments in Brim- 
field, was the quietness and business-like method in which 
they were conducted. War meetings, to rouse the patri- 
otic fervor of the citizens, were not needed. Their patri- 
otism they expressed in a different way, readily meeting 
every call for men or money, till the necessity had passed. 
The women were filled with the same spirit of individual 
devotion, and cheerfully, if tearfully, gave up husband, 
brother, or son, to the country's service. Busy hands 



64 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

plied the needle to make various articles for the soldier's 
comfort, from the havelocks for protective head-gear, to 
the carpet slipper lor ease and use in hospital wards. 

The first action taken in town meeting was 1862, June 
22, when the town voted to pay $2.00 per week to the 
wife, $1.50 to every other person in any volunteer's fam- 
ily, dependent upon him. The amount allowed for State 
aid, by act of May 23, was only $1.00 per week. As the 
war went on, and demands for men became more exact- 
ing, the bounties were increased. 1862, July 31, the 
town voted a bounty of $100.00 to every volunteer; and 
August 28, increased this to $150.00 to every one of the 
nine months' men. The town also voted special aid to 
sick and wounded soldiers ; and in case of death in the 
service, voted to have the body brought to Brimfield for 
burial, at the expense of the town. When the draft was 
made, the town voted, 1863, September 22, to aid the 
families of all drafted men who should enter the service. 
1864, April 4, the town voted $125.00 bounty, the limit 
allowed by law of March 18. A subscription by individ- 
uals reached the amount of $4,606.00, which was paid 
for bounties, and repaid by the town, 1865, May 31, un- 
der the provision of the statutes. The State aid, as it is 
called, furnished by the town to the families of volunteers, 
was, 1861, $250.67; 1862, $1,123.20; 1863, $1,704.77 ; 
1864, $1,666.47;' 1865, $1,108.00; in 'all, $5,853.11, for 
the five years of the war. Exclusive of this, the town 
raised for special war expenditures a total of $15,064.33, 
making the whole money expenditures of the town^ 
$20,927.44. The total valuation of the town, in 1864, 
was $661,000.00. At the close of the war, the liabilities 
of the town, mostly paid as they were incurred, were of 
so small amount, that they w^ere all paid in two years' 
time. This fact is as worthy of honorable mention, as 
the readiness of the town to furnish promptly and pay 



soldiers' monument. 65 

liberally the men demanded as its quota on the several 
calls. 

Brimfield was among the first towns in Massachusetts 
to erect a Soldiers' Monument. The vote appropriating 
$1,250.00 for this, was passed on motion of Capt. F. D. 
Lincoln, 1866, March 12. The monument, a well pro- 
portioned granite obelisk, eighteen feet high, was dedi- 
cated, 1866, July 4. It stands on a grassy mound, made 
for it in the east end of the militia parade ground, in the 
open space east of the park, and nearly in front of the 
hotel. It is surrounded by a tasteful iron fence, enclos- 
ing a grass plot of elliptical shape, the gift of S. C. Her- 
ring and Elijah T. Sherman of New York. The shaft 
bears in front, the inscription, " Our Country's Defenders 
in the War of the Rebellion ; " on the other three sides 
are cut in raised letters the nineteen names, whose death 
in their country's defence is thus honorably commemo- 
rated. 

** And not alone for those who died a soldier's death of glory ; 
Por many a brave, heroic soul had sighed its mournful story, 
Down in the sickly wards and cots, where fever's subtle breath 
Had drained the life-blood from their hearts and laid them low in death." 

The support of the poor was, under the legislation of 
the early colonial times, made a charge upon the town. 
While Brimfield people have never been very rich, they 
have been prudent and thrifty, and there have been very 
few so poor as to come upon the town for support. 

"In faith or hope the world will disagree. 
But all mankind's concern is charity." 

With all the faults chargeable upon them, the New Eng- 
land Puritans were generous as well as just. They were 
not so entirely isolated that vagabond pauperism could 
not thrust itself upon them, nor so highly favored that 
helpless poverty was a thing unknown. They, from the 

9 



66 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

first, treated their poor with kind consideration, and if 
economy has always been a prominent element in their 
discussions and measures, it was not because they were 
niggardly in this, but because they were prudent in all 
things. Public charity has never been administered as a 
thing to be desired ; it has never been withheld as a fa- 
vor begrudged. This is evident from the first action of 
the town, 1746, March 10, " to raise £25 towards the sup- 
port of Thomas Green, Sr., for one year, if he liveth so 
long." The next year the question w^as raised " whether 
the town would take some law of old Doctor Green,'* der 
cided in the negative, and in 1751, November 28, the 
town "paid £14 10s. to the Greens towards the mainte- 
nance of their father.*' Such accounts of moneys paid to 
help support relatives are not infrequent in the town rec- 
ords. The fundamental principle, in the care of the 
poor, has never been disregarded, that thriftlessness 
must be discouraged, every attempt at self-help approved 
and aided. Under the early legislation a "settlement" 
was gained by peaceable residence. The burden of pau- 
per support was increasing fast just after the close of the 
Revolution. Every stranger coming into town, was liable 
to be warned off by the constable, from prudent careful- 
ness, lest he should become chargeable on the town. In 
1842, the town purchased the place where Betty Mont- 
gomery lived, rather than allow a residence to be gained by 
one whom they might have to support. Expense incurred 
in the care of transient persons was at first reimbursed from 
the province treasury, as now from the State. Residents 
of other towns were taken by the constable to the town 
where they belonged. From 1807 to 1836, the support 
of the town's poor was voted to the persons who would 
contract for the care of them by families, or individually, 
at the lowest rate. In 183G, the town purchased the 
farm and buildings that formerly belonged to David 



THE POUND. .67 

• 

Hoar in Dunhamtown, to be occupied for a poor-house. 
It was sold the next year to residents in that neighbor- 
hood, and 1837, February 9, the farm now occupied by 
the town, south of the center vilhige, was purchased of 
Lemuel Chandler, for $4,000.00. The money was thb 
town's proportion of the $37,460,859.97 in the United 
States treasury, distributed to the several States, by act 
of Congress, January, 1836. Additional land was pur- 
chased in 1850. A new house was built in 1851, at a 
cost of $1,300.00. A new barn, in 1863, cost $1,042.22. 
The town has voted to enlarge the present buildings, and 
measures are now in progress to complete the improve- 
ments contemplated. 

Where cattle are allowed to run at large there will 
occcisionally be stray beasts, that must be restrained from 
doing damage. Every town was required by law to main- 
tain a pound. Sometimes the towns appointed certain 
barn-yards to serve this purpose. At the first town meet- 
ing in Brimfield, it was voted to build a pound, but vot- 
ing is not necessarily building. The first one was located 
1746, on what is now the north-west corner of the park, 
south of the present school-house. It was repaired in 
1759, but in 1762, a new one was built of stone, forty 
feet square, by Mr. Noah Hitchcock, on what is now the 
park, opposite George Hitchcock's small house. The 
town refused to pay for " what Mr. Hitchcock calls a 
pound," and the refusal to accept his work rankled in Mr. 
Hitchcock's mind; 1775, he presented his bill for £S 6s. 
8d. with interest for twelve years. The location of the 
present pound, north of the church on the Warren road, 
was fixed, and the work was done in 1811. 

Bridges were not always to be found at the crossing of 
brooks. Just before Monson was incorporated as a town, 
some of the inhabitants petitioned for a bridge over 
" Chickuppee Brook ; " averring that " the place where 



68 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the Road is Now, is Soe bad, that it is Morally Impossi- 
ble to get over with a horse." The old Bay Path cross- 
ing the river at King's bridge, continued on in Brimfield 
past Powers', thence east over the hills, coming out on 
the Warren road at Fiske Cutler's. The bridge over the 
Chicopee, mentioned in the resolve of the General Court, 
cited previously, on page 8, is the upper or easternmost 
bridge. The bridge, where now is an iron bridge, on the 
road to Palmer, was built by subscription, in 1783. 

The first stage coaches that ran through the town be- 
longed to the Hartford and Worcester line, coming into 
the village by the road from Wales over Haynes' hill, 
and passing on to Brookfield by Sherman's Pond. From 
1807 to 1825, turnpikes, with their vexatious toll-gates, 
were established, on the main routes of travel, laid out 
on the most direct course over steep hills and through 
rough valleys. None were ever built through the town, 
though in 1807, the representative to the legislature was 
instructed to advocate ,the building of one from Stur- 
bridge to Palmer, as the most direct route from the valley 
of the Blackstone to Albany. The nearest turnpike was 
that from Hartford to Worcester, passing through Hol- 
land. 

The Boston and Albany railroad was opened from Bos- 
ton to Worcester, 1835, July 3; to Springfield, 1839, 
October 1 ; to Greeubush, 1841, December 21. It is said 
to have been opposed by the people of Brimfield because 
the use of steam would diminish the value of horses and 
the price of oats. This story must be apocryphal, for no 
record can be found to verify it. The town subscribed 
in 1872, $25,000 towards building an extension of the 
road operated by the Hartford and Erie Railroad Com- 
pany from Webster to Southbridge, hoping to secure 
railroad connection with Palmer. But Southbridge peo- 
ple were too anxious to be the terminus of a road 



HIGHWAYS, BRIDGES, ETC. * 69 

rather than a station, and voted against the project. The 
route is perfectly feasible ; it is an important link, and 
will probably be built in the not distant future. 

Blazed trees, marking the bridle-path, uneven and 
crooked, were the first beginnings of the roads in town. 
Highways were " laid out," but very imperfectly " work- 
ed." The cart and bar, not the plow or scraper, were the 
tools used for the roads. Stumps of trees, burned for 
clearings, encumbered the roads and disfigured the fields. 
Not till 1797 are courses and distances recorded. Much 
trouble arose from the indefinite location of roads, — 
"across land of Joshua Shaw, where there is the best 
going," — "leading from a big rock in the line of said 
Joshua's plain lot to a black oak staddle over a squeachy 
place." The town-street was laid out eight rods. wide, 
other roads six and four. Encroachments were almost 
unavoidable, and much trouble occasioned, also, by fre- 
quent alterations. A petition for changing the road at 
the foot of Danielson hill, 1749, March 14, " because of 
the Untollerableness of Travailing there," was granted, 
reconsidered, allowed, neglected, discontinued, renewed, 
set aside, granted again. 1794, May 15, a committee 
was appointed with authority to make all the highways 
of the uniform width of four rods, except the Tower hill 
road, and sell to the owners of adjacent lands the strips 
taken from the highway. 1738, May 19, the town voted 
that the highways shall be mended by a rate. £50 was 
voted for this purpose, and the highway surveyors were 
made the collectors of the highway tax, each man hav- 
ing the choice of paying the money or working it out. 
This has been the custom ever since with the exception of 
the two or three years, when the town was divided into 
ten highway districts, and contracts made with individ- 
uals to keep the roads in repair for five years for a spec- 
ified sum annually. Working out the highway tiix 



i 



70 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

became, like doing military duty, an occasion for jollity 
rather than for fatiguing toil. Eough jokes were cracked 
while the ways were being made smooth. The pail (not 
a small-sized pitcher) of cider was expected to be forth- 
coming at every house as the long string of yoked oxen 
and sled, with plow attached, made a path through the 
winter snow. Since 1872, the legislature has required 
the road tax to be assessed with the other taxes of the 
town. 

We, of this generation, are so accustomed to the easy 
use of postal facilities, that we can hardly imagine how 
limited was the possibility of postal comniunication in 
olden times. Until 1755, the mail betw^een New York 
and Boston was carried in the winter only once a fort- 
night. There was no post-oflBce between Worcester and 
Springfield, till 1805, when Seth Field was appointed 
postmaster at Brookfield. The great postal route from 
Boston to Albany lay north of Brimfield. The mineral 
springs of Stafford were the chief inducement to bring 
travelers from Boston, westward, through the town of 
Brimfield. In 1797, the mail stage left Boston tri-weekly 
at eleven o'clock A. m. ; Worcester, three a. m. ; reaching 
Brookfield the second day, ten a. m. ; and Springfield two 
p. M. The rates of postage were six cents per half ounce 
for one hundred miles ; twelve and one-half cents, one 
hundred and fifty miles ; twenty-five cents for four hun- 
dred miles and over. In 1822, stages left Boston for 
Albany, by way of Northampton and Springfield, on alter- 
nate days, at two a. m. Stephen Pynchon, the first post- 
master in town, was commissioned September 5, 1806. He 
held the office till his death, when Marquis Converse was 
, appointed, 1823, February 19. After him came, 1842, 
February 17, Otis Lane ; 1845, February 17, Asa Lincoln ; 
1850, January 3, H. F. Brown; 1852, May 1, George C. 
Homer; 1853, June 25, N. F. Robinson; 1861, May 4, 



POST-OFFICE. 71 

Silas C. Herring; 1867, April 16, H. F. Brown. The 
post-office was first kept at Squire Pynchon's house. 
Afterwards it was kept at the hotel. A box two feet 
square held all the mail for many years. For a short 
time it was kept in what is now the selectmen's room. 
Since 1867, the office has been where it is now. The post- 
office at East Brimfield was established 1858, and Major 
Erastus Lumbard appointed postmaster. For a short 
time there was a post-office established at Fosket's Mills, 
for Parksville. The mail was at first brought to Brim- 
field once a week from Brookfield. The people of Hol- 
land and of Wales came to Brimfield post-office for their 
letters. Charges varied from twelve and one-half cents 
to thirty-seven and one-half cents for letters. When the 
weekly newspapers came to be impatiently expected, a 
special messenger was hired to bring them from Warren, 
where the stage coach from Worcester or Springfield, 
brought and left them. In 1823, the stage from Providence 
to Springfield began running through Brimfield. In 1832, 
the Worcester and Hartford Citizens' Line of stages was 
established. It was well patronized, as many as eleven 
stages a day sometimes passing through the village. It 
was an enterprise in which the various towns took great 
interest, and through Postmaster General Hill, it was 
made a post route. It encountered great opposition from 
the Eclipse Line passing through Sturbridge. Fares were 
reduced so low that passengers were carried between 
Hartford and Worcester for a dollar, or a dollar and a half 
This line continued to run till the Western railroad was 
opened between Worcester and Springfield. 

In 1848, a daily stage running from Warren to Stafford 
brought the mail to Brimfield. When Fitz Henry Warren 
was in the post-office department at Washington, 1848-50, 
the stage and mail route from Palmer to Southbridge 
was established by Capt. A. N. Dewey, of Palmer, which 



72 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

is still continued. This gave the people the advantage of 
a daily mail from New York, several years before War- 
ren or West Brookfield had such facilities. 

What is now the Park was originally land laid out for 
the Springfield road, six rods wide. The road used to 
run close by the houses on the south side; or rather, they 
were built directly on the line of the highway. General 
Eaton proposed changing the traveled path farther north, 
so as to give, as now, room for door-yards and sidewalks. 
The road, which ran zigzag across the plain, was then 
straightened. The road north of the Park was set back 
farther by the purchase of land from Jonathan Charles, 
1792. The wide space thus left open was the parade 
ground of the militia, and a favorite rendezvous for "gen- 
eral muster." In 1805, when the first meeting-house was 
torn down, the trees in the common were sold at auction 
for $10. It is supposed that they were oak trees, irregu- 
lar and unsightly. The treeless common, cut up in every 
direction by cart paths, was a most unattractive place for 
many years. In 1852, it was voted that such of the citi- 
zens as might associate themselves together, might have 
the privilege of fencing the common, setting out trees, 
laying out walks, leaving a passage open across from 
Alfred Hitchcock's to the Warren road. Col. John W. 
Foster, at that time residing in town, drew the plan. All 
classes interested themselves in the project ; money was 
contributed, and the Park Association organized to grade 
and ornament the Park substantially as it is to-day. Now 
a new fence is needed, and it is hoped that the Association, 
with the help of the $300 voted by the town last Spring, 
will soon provide a neat and durable iron fence. 

The present Cemetery is, with additions, the burying- 
ground laid out 1720, June 20. The Cemetery, or Lumbard 
Lot, as the land adjoining it was called, and from which it 
had been taken, was reached by a lane, now the com- 



THE CEMETERY. 73 

mencement of the Wales road, by the store of J. T. 
Brown. Access was also had to the cemetery on the east 
by a lane from the Sturbridge road with a bridge across 
the brook. The present road to Wales, passing by J. T. 
Brown's store, was not laid out till 1822. In 1845, the 
cemetery was enlarged by the purchase of land on the 
south, and in 1860, by purchases on the east and south. 
The town has always manifested a commendable interest 
in keeping the burying-ground in a seemly condition. 
In 175(), it was cleared and fenced by subscription. In 
1764, £4 was appropriated to fence it with posts and 
rails. 1781, a stone wall was built. At first, the usual 
custom was to appoint some one to take charge of it, 
who had for compensation what feed it afforded. 1806, it 
was enacted that no cattle should be allowed to graze in 
the cemetery. Never was it true of our Brimfield an- 
cestry — 

" They dared not plant the grave with flowers, 
Nor dress the upturned sod, 
Where with a love as deep as ours, 
They left their dead with God." 

The cemetery has been frequented rather than neg- 
lected. Of late years, the keeper has been appointed by 
the Selectmen. He is expected also to attend at funer- 
als, and have the charge of all matters pertaining to the 
burial of the dead. A hearse was first purchased in 1804. 
The cemetery is laid out in plots, which any one needing 
for any member of his family can have assigned to him 
on application to the Selectmen, and approval by them. 
In the older portions still stand the antique tombstones 
that 

" With uncouth rhymes and shapeless sculpture decked, 
" Implore the passing tribute of a sigh. -^ 

It is said that before 1776, one-fifth of the men of 
Massachusetts had been engaged in active military service. 

10 



74 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The organization of the people for military purposes was 
very complete, as is indicated by the great number of 
military titles. In earlier times, all the inhabitants from 
sixteen to sixty years of age were enrolled as militia. 
In 1810, the law called out all between eighteen and 
forty-five. Every town that could furnish sixty men 
formed a company. Any smaller number united with 
some other town. Ten companies formed a regiment. 
One flank company, on the right of the line, was an in- 
dependent company of grenadiers or riflemen. There 
was also one company of artillery, one troop of dragoons, 
or horsemen. The militia companies were required to 
drill four days each year, besides the annual review or 
general muster. The companies chose their own officers, 
and at first those who were ambitious of political distinc- 
tion found their way to it through the militia elections. 
But the commingling of all classes, reputable and disrepu- 
table, and the increasing prevalence of drunkenness in 
connection with training-day, made it obnoxious and dis- 
graceful. It was felt to be demoralizing as well as bur- 
densome. Training-day found many too sick to appear, 
and physicians' certificates were presented in testimony 
of unfitness for military duty. Fines were paid, and inde- 
pendent companies organized. The ununiformed militia 
received various opprobious epithets, " floodwood," " barn- 
yard cadets." Many remember the fantastic appearance 
of the company as they gathered for a May training 
at Ephraim Fenton's. One man had a codfish bone 
trimmed with onions for a plume, and another wore the 
clothes of the biggest man in town, stuffed out with hay. 
The whole system became farcical in its operation, and 
by the legislature of 1842, was abrogated entirely. 

The earliest record of the division of the town into two 
militia companies, east and west, is in 1774. For several 
years these trained regularly a half day each week. After 



MILITARY AFFAIRS IN OLDEN TIMES. 75 

the war of Independence, the military spirit long sur- 
vived. Brimfield parade-ground was a favorite field for 
regimental musters. Regimental officers met for business 
and instruction. Parson Reaves, of Holland, for a long 
series of years, was the Chaplain. Many now remember 
him and his wig, as he appeared for duty and for dinner. 
As it was a custom for the officers to furnish a treat on 
receiving the compliment of an election, ability to pro- 
vide handsomely for such occasions was a leading qualifi- 
cation for a militia officer. A death-blow was struck at 
the whole system when the legislature passed a law mak- 
ing it a penal oflFence to " treat." 

The Brimfield Kifle Company, an independent light 
infantry company, was recruited and organized April, 
1828, through the effiDrts principally of Cyril R. Brown, 
Alured Homer and Erasmus Stebbins. It was to be an- 
nexed to the 5th Regiment, 1st Brigade, 4th Division 
Massachusetts Militia. The first captain was C. R. Brown. 
He served in the militia over twenty-nine years. The last 
captain was Solomon Homer. Others were Alured Homer, 
Eaton Hitchcock, John Newton, Fitz Henry Warren, and 
Solomon Homer. It was disbanded November 3, 1840. 
During the eleven years' continuance of the organization, 
one hundred and forty-six persons in all were connected 
with it. An occsesion of special remembrance was the pre- 
sentation of a flag to the company by a few ladies of the 
town, who made Miss Mary W. Foster, now of Palmer, 
their spokeswoman for the time. 

Who that was not an eye-witness can fittingl}^ describe 
the glories of training-day and general muster ? If the 
company were simply to meet for training, it was in the 
afternoon. But if general muster was at a distance, the 
order would often direct the men to assemble in front of 
Bliss' tavern, before sunrise. Thither, with half opened 
eyes, they hastened. There was no uniform. Every one 



76 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

had on his " second-best," " pepper-and-salt " mingling 
with " butternut," spruce blue coats with brass buttons side 
by side with well-worn garments of uncertain color. Hats 
varied in size and shape and material. The corporal had 
a brass eagle with a red feather tied on his stove-pipe hat. 
Orderly Sergeant Julius Ward, or Erastus Lumbard w^ould 
form the line. Then Captain Darius Charles and Captain 
Cyril R. Brown, commanders respectively of the east and 
west companies, parading each the full complement of 
sixty-four muskets, would come forth in all the terrible 
glory of red sashes, glittering swords, and waving plumes. 
The roll was called. To be late, even at that unseason- 
able hour of early sunrise, exposed the culprit to a heavy 
fine. Then came inspection. If fault were found with 
musket or equipments, or for having " no priming wire," 
the ready retort might be, " Fine me, Captain, and Til 
complain of you for not having such a sword as the law 
directs." Then came the drill. " The awkward squad" 
were not all fitted by native capacity to do military ex- 
ploits. When the command was given, *' Attention ! 
Shoulder arms!" some laid hold of the breech, some 
grasped the lock, and looks of anxiety or disgust showed 
how many took no delight in playing soldier. " Present 
arms ! Arms a port ! Ground arms ! " and the Captain's 
voice sounded strangely, sternly, authoritative. " Mark 
time!" And a hundred feet would go through the mo- 
tion. "To the right, face ! To the left, face ! File in 
platoon ! Forward, march ! " And away they would go, 
back and forth, hither and yon, over the common. " In 
slow time ! In quick time ! " and in no time at all. 

When the company of cavalry went through their ma- 
noeuvers, riding off west of the meeting-house, and then 
coming over the hill on a furious " charge," away the 
folks would scatter, right and left ; the boys climbing 
over the fences to get out of the way. Once, at Palmer 



TRAINING DAY. 77 

the cavalry undertook to ride down the East Company in 
one of the sham-fights with which the regimental muster 
was generally closed. The company were at the time 
loading their guns. They scattered, but one of the Brim- 
field men, a new recruit, stood his ground, and clubbing 
his musket, broke it with the furious blow he struck a 
horse's head. It was an indication of high social position 
to belong to the cavalry. Ware and Palmer joined with 
Monson, Holland, Wales and Brimfield in enrolling a 
company of cavalry, which at one time mustered ninety 
members, generally sixty. Col. Solomon Homer was a 
Colonel of cavalry. 

Occasionally the militia companies went as far as Spring- 
field, or Hatfield, for a grander military display. If on 
the march the toll-gate keeper demurred at giving free 
passage, the Captain had but to say, " Men, do your 
duty." At the word, Hiram Gleason, Warren Nelson, 
Silas Parker, Hiram Powers, would lift the gate bodily 
out of its place, and the company would pass on. These 
Sampsons of Brimfield were as equally ready to fight the 
Philistines in Springfield, who jeered at their up-country 
ways, as to carry off the gates that barred their march. 

Usually only the fife and drum furnished the martial 
music. If any one, like Theodore Farrell, could play the 
bugle, and the men were glad enough to do this, instead of 
carrying a musket all day, the boys were fairly lifted off 
their feet with delight, and the Captain's knees almost 
touched his chin as he stepped proudly onward to the bu- 
gle's blare mingling with the shrill fife and the sonorous 
drum. And when the command was given, " Make ready 
— take aim — fire !" what thrilling excitement, as bang 
went the muskets, all together, one after another; or 
quite as likely to happen, some old flint-lock would not 
go off at all, or going off unexpectedly kicked back to 
the grievous annoyance of some suffering musketeer. 



78 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Most wistful gazes followed the heroes of the hour as 
they marched into Browning's Tavern in single file, the 
Captain leading with drawn sword, the Color-bearer in the 
center, holding aloft his red bandanna, and the Lieutenant 
bringing up the rear. Pails of toddy refreshed the inner 
man during the brief interval of relief from the fatigues 
of the day. Wits cracked their jokes ; song and chorus 
were part of the merry-making of the time. Pitching 
quoits, or wrestling matches, or trials of strength fur- 
nished amusement for the older folk ; while the young 
found plenty of sport, playing leap-frog or tag, wolf or 
*' I spy." When the time came, about four o'clock, to close 
the military display, the crowd gathered round to hear 
the Captain thank the men for their good conduct and 
evident improvement. Patiently they waited the ex- 
pected signal, and then " broke ranks," fatigued but 
hilarious, thankful that another training-day had come 
and gone. 

In activity of thought, political and religious, philo- 
sophical and inventive, New England took the lead of its 
sister colonies, as Massachusetts does now in the sister- 
hood of states. The settlement of the Puritans was 
effected in connection with the establishment of that sys- 
tem of free schools, which is now more than ever the 
glory of our land. The law of 1647 was enacted " to the 
end that learning may not be buried in the graves of our 
forefathers in church and commonwealth." It is in these 
schools that " industry has learned the value of its own 
labors; that genius has triumphed over the discourage- 
ments of poverty ; that skill has given polish as well as 
strength to talents; that a lofty spirit of independence has 
been nourished and sustained." ^' Every township," it 
was enacted, " after the Lord hath increased them to the 
number of fifty householders, shall appoint one to teach 
all children to write and read ; and when any town shall 



SCHOOL-HOUSES. 79 

increase to the number of % hundred families, they shall 
set up a grammar school." 1731, December 28, the year 
in which the town was incorporated, it was ^^ voted that 
there be a school." But voting is not all that is neces- 
sary. Money must be raised, teachers employed, school- 
houses built. At first the school was kept in private 
houses. One teacher only was employed for the whole 
town. He went from one part of the town to another, 
spending a specified number of weeks in each part. 

For this purpose, the town was divided, at first, 1736, 
January 29, into three sections, or districts. These were 
distinctly partitioned off, 1742, December 7. The school 
was " kept one-half of the time in the town platt, one- 
quarter at the south end of the town, and one-quarter in 
the west part of the town." 1753, May 28, it was voted 
to have the school kept in seven places. After the town 
boundaries were reduced to the present limits, as the popu- 
lation increased, various families petitioned to be set off' 
in school districts, till in 1766, there were ten districts, 
numbered and named : one, Danielson Hill ; two. Town 
Plot ; three. East ; four. North ; five. North East ; six, 
West ; seven, Haynes' Hill ; eight, Nutting's ; nine, Sher- 
man's ; ten, Hubbard's Hill. 

The first appropriation to build school-houses was 1742, 
December 9. The town had previously refused to build 
a school-house near the meeting-house. But John Sher- 
man was shrewd enough m those days, when " log-roll- 
ing" was common enough in daily business, but unknown 
by that name in political affairs, to carry his end by voting 
to build as many school-houses as there were districts. 
He made sure that the first school-house should be built 
" in the town plot, somewhere within twenty rods of the 
east end of the meeting-house." He wrote out in full the 
specifications as to size and finish. " 16 feet wide, and 
20 foott long, 7 foot stud, the sides to be boarded, and the 



80 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

roof boarded and shingled, and ceiled within, and floors 
laid, and tables and Benches made for s^ Schooling, and 
the chimneys built and Glaced soe much as necessary, 
and clabboards house on the outside on y® boards." A 
tax of £80 was voted to pay for building and materials. 
Not till seven years after do we read, 1749, March 13, 
'* Voted to Accept of the school house in the town plot, 
finished according to bargain." Yet, there must have 
been very unruly boys, or very careless fastening of win- 
dows, for at the same time John Stebbins was voted £3 
10s. 2d. for mending the school-house glass. This first 
school-house was built on the common, east of the meet- 
ing-house, opposite the present residence of G. M. Hitch- 
cock. It stood there till 1804, when a new house was 
built on land bought of Ichabod Bliss for $53, on the 
Warren Eoad, north of the meeting-house. The old 
house was sold, and moved to the Nichols hill road. It 
stands there now at the foot of the hill, occupied as a 
dwelling-house by the widow of James C. Walker. The 
second school-house was soon found not to be commodi- 
ous enough, for the number of scholars then attending 
school in the Center was one hundred and ten. It was 
sold, moved on to the Plain, and is now occupied as a 
dwelling-house by S. B. Gould. The brick school-house, 
that so many here can remember as the "temple of 
science," which they frequented in their childhood, was 
built by vote of District No. one, in 1824, June 8, for 
$725.48. In 18GC, the Center District sold the land to 
Mrs. Knight, and bought the present site. The old brick 
building was torn down and the present tasteful and com- 
modious structure erected 60x30 feet, at a cost of about 
$4,500. No longer now can any of the past generation 
visit the scene of his youthful ambition, and view the 



SCHOOL-HOUSES. 81 

" Walls on which he tried his graving skill ; 
The very name he carved, existing still ; 
The hench on which he sat while deep employed, 
Though mangled, hacked and hewed, yet not destroyed." 

1747, March 9, £00 was appropriated to build a school- 
house in the south part, now the town of Wales. 1754, 
May 17, a committee was appointed to locate in the 
west part, the school-house, last of the three voted by the 
town in 1742. Not till 1760, March 8, just before Mon- 
son was set off as a town, did the town appropriate <£8 to 
Thomas King and others, to build this school-house. It is 
impossible to tell when all the school-houses in the vari- 
ous districts of the town were built. Each district had 
authority to manage its own affairs. The records of the 
various districts, if any are extant, ought to be deposited 
with the Town Clerk. The district system, supposed to 
call out greater individual interest in school matters, 
proved to be a source of wrangling and petty jealousies 
in town affairs, a hinderance rather than a benefit when- 
ever advance was needed in the management of the 
schools It was abolished by act of the legislature, April 
16,1870. Although the idea was entertained by many 
that the legislature iniquitously deprived them of their 
rights, the history of our Massachusetts school system 
shows the truth to be, that management by districts, 
rather than by a town committee, was an experiment, and 
not a successful experiment. It has not fostered a spirit 
of progress, but has given opportunity to obstructives to 
prevent the doing of many things that, in the changes of 
our social system and our business transactions, have be- 
come necessary to make our schools what they ought to 
be. The town appointed a committee as late as 1857, to 
redistrict the town by an engineer's survey, with fixed 
metes and bounds. But 1867, April 1, at a special 

meeting, the town voted to abolish the school districts. 

11 



82 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The fashion in studying Arithmetic w.as to commit to 
memory the tables of numeration, addition, subtraction, 
multiplication and division, sterling money, long measure, 
and avoirdupois measure. Oral instruction given by the 
teacher, with the help of a manuscript, completed the 
course of arithmetical study. Dill worth's Teachers* Assist- 
ant was the first text-book in arithmetic. Geography 
was unknown as a branch of study till about 1800, afler 
Jedediah Morse had first published his Geography, 1784. 
The study of English Grammar in the common schools 
began with the use of Lindley Murray's English Gram- 
mar. In 1801, the books used were Webster's Spelling- 
book, American Preceptor, or Columbian Orator, Perry's 
Dictionary, Pike's Arithmetic. In 1825, Cummings' Spell- 
ing-book, Moi^se's Geography, Adams' Arithmetic (with 
blank pages for working out the examples, thus supplant- 
ing the old ciphering books), Murray's Grammar, Scott's 
Lessons, History of the United States, by a citizen of Mas- 
sachusetts. The New Testament took the place of the 
Psalter. 

The first schoolmaster's name on the records is David 
Hitchcock. He received £7 10s. for his services in 1742. 
1755, May 19, the town voted that there be a grammar 
school kept. This was to be kept " three months in the 
year in the town plot." Grammar was taught only in 
connection with Latin. English grammar was not one of 
the studies in the common schools till 1820. It was voted 
1755, November 19, to appropriate £30 for schooling ; £3 
6s. 8d. was to pay the grammar school-master, the re- 
mainder was proportioned to each district according to 
what they paid, with liberty to choose their own school- 
master or " dame." Women were considered competent 
to give instruction in the Summer schools. There was no 
other examination of the qualifications of teachers than 
such as the minister might make, as required by the law^ 



SCHOOL-HOUSES. 83 

of 1701. If the school-mistress did not know how a boy's 
trousers were to be put together, she was considered unfit 
for her post ; for the girls carried work of this kind to 
school, and instruction in sewing was expected as much 
as in the mysteries of spelling. Winter schools were 
attended by the larger boys, and for these it was neces- 
sary to have a teacher of the stronger sex. Some men 
taught such Winter schools for twenty years successively, 
and were famous teachers; Moses Lyon (1753), Timothy 
Danielson (1766), Abner Morgan (1767), Caleb Hitchcock 
(1767), may be named in the first fifty years of the 
town's history ; such men as Issachar Brown, Col. Abner 
Brown, and Capt. Cyril R. Brown of the last half century. 

Of the school-mistresses may be mentioned Mehitebal 
Moffat (1769), Hannah Bugbee (1796), Lydia Winslow 
(1804), Susan Warren (1824), Lucretia Morgan, (1835), 
Damaris Tarbell, Melina Hitchcock. But the public 
schools were only for a short time the scene of these 
school-ma'ms' labors ; home duties and growing families 
of their own, prevented such continuous service as is 
becoming quite common now, in these days when young 
folks do not seem to think it possible to begin life by get- 
ting married as the first step. 

The money raised for " schooling " has varied with the 
varying ideas of the importance of this expenditure, or 
of the exigencies of the times. In 1766, the town paid 
a fine of £30 for not maintaining a grammar school. But 
in the Massachusetts Archives, 1767, May 25, there is a 
paper from the Selectmen, showing that they thought 
they had complied with law, by engaging Timothy Daniel- 
son to teach at his house all scholars that might apply for 
grammar school instruction. The fine Was remitted by 
the legislature. The money appropriated each year was 
apportioned by various methods to the several districts. 
The districts did not always expend the full amount of 



84 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the appropriation ; sometimes, though rarely, they went 
bey9nd the portion assigned. These unexpended bal- 
ances, or overdrawn accounts, and changing methods of 
appropriation, led to a great deal of confusion. The 
amount at first usually appropriated was £30. TJhe an- 
nual expenditure compares favorably, year by year, with 
the amount raised for roads, or for preaching. During the 
decline in value of Continental money, the appropriation 
in 1780 was £4,< 00 for highways, £3.000 for schools. 

In 1807, the first committee was chosen to inspect 
schools. In 1819, a committee often, one for each district, 
was appointed to assist Rev. Mr. Vaill in the examination 
of teachers, and care of the schools. Previous to that time, 
the minister of the town had sole charge of approbating 
teachers, and visiting schools. The visits of the com- 
mittee at first seem to have furnished merriment to the 
scholars, as they watched with demure interest the books 
held upside down in the committee-man's trepidation. A 
school committee was annually chosen after 1828, in which 
year also the Prudential Committee, as the committee- 
man of each district was then for the first time so called, 
was authorized to expend $5 annually in repairs. Not 
till 1838, was the school committee paid for the service 
rendered ; then Lewis Williams received $4 for visiting 
schools. In 1843, a Town Committee of three was chosen 
to have the general oversight of the schools. The Pru- 
dential Committee of each district were authorized by an- 
nual vote, after 1838, to employ the teachers, subject to 
examination and approval by the Town Committee. This 
double-headed system of management was not advanta- 
geous to the successful working of the system of public 
instruction. The legislature abolished it, substituting the 
present system of an annual election for a term of years 
of some one member of a permanent board. Concentra- 
tion of effort and intensity of interest, it is thought, are 



METHODS OF TEACHING. 85 

elements of success needed now in the management of 
public affairs, as in our modern business ^tablishments. 
In 1859, the annual school reports were for the first time 
printed. They had in previous years been presented in 
manuscript, and read by the chairman of the committee. 
The rough school-houses and rude methods of instruc- 
tion of former days, have almost entirely passed away. 
Few can remember " the old red school-house,'' the crowd- 
ed rooms, and the good time school-children used to have 
fifty years ago. What if the children went barefoot, 
wore oat-straw hats or home-made caps, had only shirts 
and pants supported by knit suspenders, or thought them- 
selves " dressed " in a blue gown and checked apron with- 
out one bit of ribbon, — they had a merry time out of 
school, and in school learned all that could be taught. 
Those stories in Webster's spelling-book of the girl that 
'^ gave her head a toss," and the boys that were persuaded 
by " the virtue there is in stones " to come down from the 
apple-tree, have had an incalculable influence in giving a 
right direction to the young ideas of thousands of school 
children. In those days, fifty years ago, six or ten Hitch- 
cocks or Lumbards or Janes, would come to school from a 
single family. Taking an early start, they struck " acrovss 
lots " for the school-house, with basket or dinner pail in 
one hand, a " posy " for *^ teacher " in the other. Stran- 
gers as well as acquaintances would receive a respectful 
courtesy or a boy's best bow. Do our modern times in 
this respect show any improvement, when the passing 
traveler is greeted with an impudent stare or pelted with 
snow-balls from a noisy crowd ? The tap of the ferule 
on the window was, until bells were introduced, the com- 
mon signal for school to commence. Caps, bonnets, and 
shawls were hung in the entry way, while some apple, or 
pickle, or stick of candy was taken to be carefully stowed 
away against the time for lunch. When entering the 



86 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

room, or taking places on the floor for recitation, align- 
ing themselves by toeing the edge of some floor board, it 
was the scholar's first duty to " make their manners." 
Uncomfortable seats made uneasy scholars, as indicated 
by the frequent request, "Please m'am, may I g'wout?" 
And when recess time came, there was a rush from the 
door that would shock a martinet of the present system 
of military drill in the school-room. Boys then did very 
much what boys can do now. 

"Like sportive deer they coursed about and shouted as they ran, 
" Turning to mirth all things of earth as only boyhood can." 

Some districts, indeed, acquired a very undesirable repu- 
tation from the presence of a number of unmanageable 
young reprobates. To lock out a teacher and force a 
fight with him, was their one endeavor and chief delight. 
Fuel for the Winter schools was at first supplied by 
the families that sent children. The amount of wood 
was proportioned to the number of children sent, and the 
boys took their turns at the chopping-block, preparing 
the wood for fire-place or stove. In 1796, each district 
was allowed to make a money appro*priation for wood, 
according to its special need. District No. 1, in 1813, paid 
John Gardner $43.87 for twenty-nine and one-quarter 
cords of wood for the Winter past. The small sum of 
money raised for schooling was eked out by what were 
called subscription schools, individuals contributing to pay 
the expenses of the school beyond the time limited by the 
district's share of the annual appropriation. Money was 
made to go further, also, by the common custom of hiring 
a teacher who would " board 'round," difi'erent families 
agreeing to take the teacher for a longer or shorter time, 
in proportion to the number of scholars sent. " Our folks 
are going to kill to-morrow and want you to come to our 
house to-morrow night," would be the somewhat startling 



HITCHCOCK FREE SCHOOL. 87 

form of invitation frequently given. The "killing" was, 
however, only of the " fatted calf," or the " big porker," 
and was an intimation of the good things that might be 
expected. 

At the annual town meeting, April 1854, a proposi- 
tion to establish a free high school was made by Mr. 
Samuel A. Hitchcock. Born in Brimfield, 1794, January 
9, he became a successful merchant and manufacturer. 
His health was impaired by his close attention to busi- 
nesSy and retiring from active connection with the Hamil- 
ton Woolen Company of Southbridge, in 1842, he took 
up his residence in this his native town. The town as a 
municipality hesitated to take definite action upon the 
proposition he made to establish a high school, and the 
proposition was withdrawn. February 21, 1855, Mr. 
Hitchcock made a similar proposition, oflFering to give 
$10,000 for a permanent fund on condition that $4,000 
should be contributed by individual donations toward the 
purchase of land and erection of a building. The town 
was canvassed, and $4,862.25 subscribed. Under an act 
of the Legislature, April 26, 1855, incorporating the 
school, a board of nine " Trustees of the Brimfield Free 
Grammar School " was organized. Five of the trustees 
were appointed by Mr. Hitchcock, viz., H. F. Brown, N. 
S. Hubbard, A. L. Converse, A. Charles, J. L. Woods ; the 
other four. Rev. Jason Morse, Oilman Noyes, John Wyles, 
James S. Blair, were chosen by the subscribers to the 
building. Rev. Jason Morse was chosen President, H. 
F. Brown, Secretary. On the death of Mr. Morse, Hon. 
John Wyles was chosen President. At his decease, N. 
S. Hubbard was chosen President. A. L. Converse has 
been the Treasurer from the beginning. By authority 
of the Legislature of 1875, four additional trustees, non- 
residents, H. S. Lee, Esq., and A. P. Stone of Springfield, 
Rev. M. L. Richardson of Sturbridge, and Rev. C. M. 



A 



88 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Hyde of Haverhill, were added to the nine originally ap- 
pointed. Rev. W. K. Pierce has been chosen in place of 
a former pastor, Rev. M. B. Boardman, W. F. Tarbell in 
place of G. Noyes, and F. D. Lincoln in place of J. Wyles, 
members of the original board now deceased. In March 
1871, the corporate name was changed to " Hitchcock 
Free High School," and the trustees authorized to hold 
property to the amount of $100,000. 

February 12, 1864, Mr. Hitchcock made an additional 
donation of $5,000, on condition that a specified enlarge- 
ment of the building should be made. This was secured 
by a contribution of $1,150 from the citizens. Mr. Hitch- 
cock has since then given other sums, as follows : July 
1866, $5,000 to the Teachers' Fund ; May 1868, $5,000 
for miscellaneous purposes, music, library, etc.; De- 
cember 1869, $10,000 addition to the Teachers' Fund ; 
June 1871, $7,000 for alteration and enlargement of 
the building, $5,000 for an accumulating building fund ; 
$28,000 for Teachers' Fund, and at this time making 
the privileges of the school free to scholars from out 
of town. The funds of the school now amount to about 
$80,000. At the time of the decease of Mr. Hitchcock, 
the funds of the school had been very much lessened in 
vahie by investments in railroad bonds; the heirs of Mr. 
Hitchcock generously made good the amount lost, by 
taking these bonds, paying their face value. 

There are at present four teachers and 115 scholars. 
For over twenty years the school has been in operation, 
with constant and increasing success. The people of 
Brimfield may well hold in high esteem the memory of 
one who has shown such a deep interest in the welfare 
of his native town. The future growth and usefulness of 
the " Hitchcock Free High School " will depend largely 
on their fidelity to the sacred trust now committed to 
their keeping. 



VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS. 89 

School exhibitions have been of regular annual occur- 
rence for nearly ten years. They have been found a 
source of both pleasurie and profit. The money charged 
for admission has been spent by the High School scholars 
for such additions to the school apparatus as seemed at 
the time most suitable. But some are fond of recurring 
to the times when such exhibitions were something new. 
A famous good one was that given in 1828, when Mr. 
Thomas Patrick was teacher, and the Lincoln boys, the 
Foster boys, and others of their associates w^re in the 
hey-day of their youth. 

The Olympus Club was started about 1857, as an or- 
ganization for the purpose of clearing the sidewalks from 
snow during the winter season. The snow plow, as it 
passes around after every storm, keeps open easy com- 
munication, and adds greatly to the comfort of the villa- 
gers. The Club ought to enlarge its sphere, and provide 
street lamps at night for the convenience of belated way- 
farers. 

The Brimfield Thief Detective Society was started in 
1857, for the protection of its members in case of loss by 
theft. It has a Board of Directors, and a Pursuing Com- 
mittee; and a fund in cash amounting to $75, besides its 
permanent investment in railroad stock. 

About 1820, the Brimfield Literary Association pos- 
sessed quite a collection of books. The shareholders at 
last became weary of the care and loaning of books, and 
the library was sold at auction. There is now a need 
and desire never felt so intensely before, for the estab- 
lishment and maintenance of a public library. It is a 
real and pressing want, which the town have taken the 
preliminary steps to meet, in the appointment of a Com- 
mittee to consider and report how best to make the dog 
fund, accumulated from the annual tax on dogs, most 
available towards securing a public library, either in co- 

12 



90 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

operation with the Trustees of the Hitchcock Free School, 
or in some other way.* 

About the year 1835, the fashion prevailed of organiz- 
ing a '' Lyceum," or public debating society. One was 
organized in Brimfield. Among the earlier members may 
be mentioned Gen. F. H. Warren, T. D. Lincoln, Fred- 
eric D. Lincoln, P. W. Paige, Dr. William H. Gardner, 
Judge Samuel T. Spalding. The meetings for debate 
were kept up winter after w^ihter, till after the establish- 
ment of the Hitchcock school, when the town lyceum was 
merged into the Debating Society, now carried on by the 
teachers and pupils. 

For general healthfulness Brimfield will compare favor- 
ably with any town in the State. Disease and death do 
their fatal work here, as well as elsewhere. But the av- 
erage age is kept at a high rate by the large number of 
octogenarians. Mrs. Groves, widow of Peter Groves, was 
born in Sturbridge, 1774, September 2, and is still living, 
sprightly and active, at the age of one hundred and two 
years. Her maiden name was Jemima Allen. Dr. Vaill 
mentions as a period of unusual mortality, especially 
among children, 1775-'6-'7. Within the present century 
there has been but one such period of extraordinary mor- 
tality, 1816, when "the spotted fever" prevailed. 1758, 
some stranger died of small-pox after fourteen days' illness. 
Inoculation was introduced by Dr. Israel Trask, 1776. 
He asked permission to set up a hospital, under regula- 
tions to be determined by a committee of seven. 1793, 
March 11, the town voted that " the small-pox be set up 
at Oliver Mason's one fortnite, to continue at Simeon 
Hubbard's and Thomas Bliss' one fortnite from this time 
and no Longer." After the fashion of inoculation and 



♦ 1877, April 9, tlie town voted to establisli a Public Library, and appropriated 
the Dog Fund, the accumulation of several years, amounting to 9719, for that 
purpose. 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 91 

pest-houses was done away (1810), the town appointed 
Superintendents for the cow-pox. Now, by statute law, 
all school children, on entering school, are required to 
bring a physician's certificate that they have been prop- 
erly vaccinated. 

One of the conditions on which townships were granted 
was, that provision should be made for the erection of a 
house of worship, and for the settlement of " an able or- 
thodox minister." In their practical working, these con- 
ditions, though readily accepted by the original grantees, 
proved burdensome and restrictive to succeeding genera- 
tions of less homogeneous growth, and of increasingly 
divergent faiths.* The purchasers and inheritors of the 
lands repudiated the conditions imposed by the General 
Court. The building and repair of meeting-houses Is 
no longer a tax assessed upon the landed proprietors. 
Whether a town has an able and orthodox minister or 
not, the town assumes no corporate responsibility. 

1736, June 23, David Shaw, one of the constables, pe- 
titioned the General Court for advice, claiming to be a 
member of the Church of England, and with others of 
like religious connection, unwilling to pay any of the taxes 
levied for support of an independent minister. His peti- 
tion was dismissed because not presented within the time 
allowed by law. The law of 1824, February 16, put an 
end to all taxations and assessments for religious expenses, 
except when voluntarily assumed. 

The people of Brimfield have, from the very first, man- 
aged their church affairs with the same systematic, delib- 
erate thoroughness that has characterized the manage- 
ment of the town business. But the earliest church rec- 



♦yS per cent, of the people of New England, in 1776, were of pure English de- 
■cent. Moflt largely were Congregationalists in their religious faith and polity. 
But comparing the population of 1870 with that of 1790, when the first census was 
taken, 62 per cent, in the later period only, were native born, of native parentage ; 
S4 per cent, native born, of foreign parentage ; 14 per cent, were immigrants. 



92 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ords, like the earliest proprietors' records, perished in the 
burning of the houses of the clerks. 

I. 1725-1734. The first minister was Rev. Richard 
Treat. He was born in Glastenbury, Conn., May 14, 
1694, and graduated at Yale College in 1719. It is sup- 
posed that the Church was formed when the minister was 
ordained, and November 18, 1724, is the probable date. 
He was granted one hundred and twenty acres for a set- 
tlement, with a full share in all the subsequent allotments 
of proprietors' land. His salary of £85 would seem to 
have been neither sufficient for his needs, nor ever 
promptly paid. June 8, 1733, a committee was appointed 
by the town to '' Discourse with our Minister Concerning 
his uneasiness " His uneasiness arose, as is very fre- 
quently the case, from dissatisfaction with the compensa- 
tion he was receiving, rather than from disquietude at any 
apparent lack of spiritual prosperity. The committee's 
discourse had no satisfactory result. It was followed by 
a letter to the town from Mr. Treat. He was then in- 
vited to a personal interview. This, also, was of no 
avail, and then the town voted, September 19, 1733, "to 
call a Counsel to hear the Difficulties betwixt Mr. Treat 
and the town and to act thereupon." No record is extant 
of any such council, called by the town, December 31, 
the town " voted to give Mr. Treat £20 for the year en- 
suing towards his support in the ministry more than his 
Stated Sallery." To this he returned answer that he 
would accept " of what y® town had granted Provided the 
People were Easy and Contented.'^ The final entry in 
regard to Mr. Treat in the town records, is the action 
taken upon his request for a " Discharge or Dismission by 
a vote of the town." " Whereas, a Counsel was chosen 
by Mr. Richard Treat and y*" church in Brimfield, to make 
a decision of the Difficulties betwixt s*^ Mr. Treat and 
Church, January 15, 1733-4, and — 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORr. 93 

" Whereas, s** Counsel being mett at s"* Brimfield, March 
25, 1734 : Did then at said meeting Dismiss and Separate 
s*^ Mr. Treat from his Pastoral Charge of the Church and 
people of said Brimfield : and now this 24th day of April, 
1735, the inhabitants of s^ Brimfield being mett together, 
Do by a Vote Concur with the s^ CounselVs determina- 
tion." 

Of Mr. Treat's nine years' ministry, as of his personal 
character, nothing is now known, nor of his subsequent 
history after his removal to Glastenbury, his native town. 

The genealogical line 6i his ancestry has been traced 
back as follows : 

I. Richard Treat, res. Wethersfield, d. 1669. m. — 
Ch. Richard, Robert, James, Honor, Joanna, Sarah, Su- 
sanna, Catharine. 

II. Richardy b. Engl. res. Wethersfield. m. Sarah, da. 
Thomas Coleman. Ch, Richard, Sarah, Mary, Thomas. 

III. Lieut. Thomas^ b. 1713, September 17. m. 1693, 
July 5, Dorothy, da. Rev. Gershom Bulkley. Ch. Richard, 
Charles, Thomas, Isaac, Dorotheus and Dorothy. 

IV. Richardy b. 1694, May 14, grad. Yale College, 
1725. m. 1728, August 7, Susanna, da. Rev. Timothy 
Woodbridge, of Hartford, Conn. One son was born in 
Brimfield, Thomas, 1732, October 27. 

1734. When he removed from Brimfield, Mr. Treat 
sold his estate, about three hundred acres, for £800, to 
Benjamin Morgan, of Springfield, and 1743, January 23, 
sold for £10, to David Shaw of the Elbow Tract, all his 
remaining right to one-seventieth of the township. 

— 1734, 1735. During these two years, the church was 
without a pastor. Candidates do not seem to have thrust 
themselves upon the church as now. Various votes show 
the difficulty experienced in the endeavor '* to provide a 
minister to preach the word of God." Several ineffectual 
calls were given to Mr. Noah Merrick, Mr. Sampson Stod- 



94 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

dard, Mr. Caleb Rice. The town voted pay for these 
ministers' services at £2 for each Sabbath. 

II. 1736-1756. At length, January 29, 1736, Mr. 
James Bridgham was '^ called by a unanimous vote to set- 
tle in the work of the ministry." He was to have " ^300 
settlement in Bills of Credit as now passes between man 
and man ; " and ** £120 Sallery Yearly in Bills of Credit 
as they now pass." 1736, March 23, it was voted, "after 
four years are expired, to Rise five pound in a Year, till 
it comes to £140, and that to be the Stated Sallery." 
Subsequently, it was further stipulated that the town 
should pay " one-third part of the Sallery after the rate 
of Silver at 27 shillings per ounce," the balance to be 
paid in grain, meat, and labor, at certain specified prices. 
£15 were voted to defray ordination charges, at 2s. per 
meal. 

Mr. Bridgham was born in Boston, March 21, 1707, 
and graduated at Harvard, 1726. He is said to have 
been a man of respectable talents, regarded as an evan- 
gelical preacher, and remembered with affectionate es- 
teem. During his forty years' pastorate, one hundred 
and thirty-nine were added to the church. Seven hun- 
dred and sixteen baptisms are recorded by his hand. He 
died in this town, September 19, 1776, aged sixty-nine, 
and was buried here. For some time previous to his death, 
failing health prevented the full discharge of his official 
duties. Dissatisfaction arose, aggravated by changes in 
the currency, that made constant fluctuations in his sal- 
ary. 1770, March 12, a vote of the town fixed the salary 
at £58. A memorial, presented by his son, 1777, March 
18, represents that this salary had not been paid at all, 
for two years and five months, preceding his death. 
Councils were called to adjust matters, but without the 
desired result. Finally, Mr. Bridgham's written consent 
was obtained to the installation of another pastor. He 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 95 

appears to have continued, nominally, senior pastor for a 
year and a half prior to his death. 

He was twice married, and had nine children, five of 
whom lived to mature age. His son James continued to 
reside at the old place some time after his father's decease. 
Capt. Henry Bridgham, the first of the name in this coun- 
try, was a tanner, who came to Dorchester, 1641, removed 
to Boston 1614. He had a numerous family, Jonathan, 
John, Joseph, Benjamin, Hopestill, Nathaniel, Samuel, 
Nathaniel, James. The children of Joseph, Jonathan, 
Henry, Samuel, and of Joseph, Jr., are entered upon the 
records in the office of the City Register, Boston. So, 
also, is the birth of James Bridgham, son of James Bridg- 
ham and Mercy Stoddard, who were married, 1705, Au- 
gust 20. By his wife, Martha , Rev. James Bridgham 

had James, born 1741, June 20; Samuel, 1743, February 
17; Ebenezer, 1745, February 13; Mercy, 1747, June 
30; Martha, 1750, March 5; Powning, 1752, May 1; 
Jonathan, 1754, June 23; Powning, 1757, April 22. By 
his second wife, Mary , Thomas, born 1764, Septem- 
ber 14. 

HI. 1775-1796. The people were fortunate in secur- 
ing for their pastor, Mr. Nehemiah Williams, the first 
minister with w^hom, on account of Mr. Bridgham's fail- 
ing health, and with his consent, they had made engage- 
ment for the supply of the pulpit. October 27, 1774, the 
town voted to give Mr. Williams a call, ofifering £200, 
lawful money, for his settlement; £70 salary yearly. 
December 23, 1774, it was voted that after six years, the 
salary should be increased to £80. Mr. Williams was 
ordained, February 9, 177*5. He was the son of Rev. 
Chester Williams, of Iladley, where he was born February 
24, 1749. He graduated at Harvard college, 1769. His 
sister was the wife of Rev. Nathaniel Emmons, D. D., of 
Franklin, Mass. He married Persis Keyes. Mr. Williams 



96 niSTORlCAL ADDRESS. 

had ten children, Peggy, born September 10, 1776 ; 
Ebenezer, born November 24, 1777; Stephen Keyes, 
born February 25, 1779 ; Nehemiah, born June 7, 1780 ; 
Samuel Hopkins, born January 22, 1782 ; Lewis, born 
September 16, 1784 ; Persia, born May 31, 1786 ; Charles, 
bol-n August 16, 1788; William, born May 16, 1790; 
Sarah Porter, born July 22, 1792, some of whom became 
prominent citizens in town. He died November 26, 1796, 
aged forty-eight, and was buried here. " He was emi- 
nently judicious in his preaching and practice." While an 
acceptable preacher, he probably gained his greatest in- 
fluence as a wise and reliable Christian pastor. After his 
best efforts in the pulpit, his hearers felt that there was 
more in the man to be revered and loved, than they had 
seen or heard in the sermon. After his decease, a volume 
of his sermons was published, a copy of which is in the 
Pastoral library. The early part of his ministry was dur- 
ing the Revolutionary war. There was continual embar- 
rassment in regard to his salary, owing to the continual 
depreciation of the Continental Currency. 1778, May 13, 
£130 were voted. 1779, January 14, £430. 1779, 
November 29, that the salary for the last two years be 
£1,500. 1781, March 26, it was fixed at £95 in silver. 
1795, March 9, it was voted to add £30. In the twenty- 
one years of Mr. Williams' ministry, one hundred and 
twenty-five were added to the church ; three hundred and 
sixty-two baptized. No disaffection whatever seems to 
have arisen during his pastorate of almost a quarter of a 
century. Yet he died comparatively young, and his death 
was a loss deeply deplored. His widow continued to 
reside in town and died here.* 

IV. 1798-1803. After the death of Mr. Williams, his 
widow, by vote of the town, supplied the pulpit for four 
months ; the salary being paid to her, and she making 
such arrangements as she chose for preaching. 1797, 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 97 

May 1 ; the Committee of Supply was instructed " to hire 
and procure the Rev. Clark Brown, to preach upon pro- 
bation." He had preached for the people the previous 
year, during Mr, Williams' sickness, and while he himself 
Tvas taking a vacation, or as such a necessity of modern 
ministerial life was, at that time, unknown by name, we 
may better say, while he was absent from his people at 
Machias, Me. He seems to have troubled himself very 
little about form and order in doing what he chose to do. 
He had been ordained at Boston, 1795, October 7, pastor 
of the church in Machias. He resigned his charge of the 
church there by letter, was dismissed by vote of the town, 
May 10, and by vote of the church, (without the calling 
of a council,) November 2, 1797. While pastor there, he 
" reformed the articles of faith, abrogating the doctrines 
of the Trinity and total depravity, and admitting persons 
to the Communion without any evidence of regeneration. 
About half of the Church refused to unite with it in its 
new form, and were suspended from Church privileges." 
( Vide Hampden Pulpit, p. 74.) 

1797, November 20, the town and church of Brimfield, 
both taking such action the same day, voted to give him 
a call. He was offered a salary of " £130 by the year, so 
long as he preaches," to be stated upon produce as it is 
now, and to rise and fall with it. November 20, this vote 
was reconsidered, and the offer was made $400, to be paid 
annually so long as he supplies the pulpit here. £100, 
also, were to be paid in labor and lumber, whenever he 
might wish to build him a house. In Mr. Brown's letter 
in reply, he makes his acceptance conditional on the sal- 
ary being paid *'so long as he shall be minister," and 
" punctually " paid. He further stipulates that " when- 
ever a majority of the Church and Congregation wish to 
have my pastoral relation dissolved, it shall be, provided 
sufficient reasons arc offered why it should not be contiu- 

18 



98 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

lied," claiming also a similar privilege for himself; "the 
reasons which may be offered by either of the parties, 
shall be considered by an Ecclesiastical Council, mutually 
chosen, by the Result of which we will abide." He adds, 
" the call is accepted under a full persuasion that the 
gentlemen of the town are convinced of the absolute ne- 
cessity of erecting a new meeting-house." When the 
Council met, 1798, February 27, objections were made to 
his installation. 

Nine specific charges were made, alleging erroneous re- 
ligious sentiments and unministerial conduct. The Coun- 
cil adjourned at mid-night, met at 6 o'clock the next 
morning, and unanimously voted that they '^ do not see 
their way clear to proceed to the installment of Rev. C. 
Brown. The Council chosen consisted of the standing 
ministers respectively of Brookfield, Western (now War- 
ren), Sturbridge, Monson, Palmier, Holland, and Stoning- 
ton. Conn., with their delegates. Rev. Mr. Woodbury of 
Norwich, and Rev. Mr. Abbott of Coventry, were also in- 
vited, but not present. The Council declare their unani- 
mous conviction that he was not orthodox in his religious 
tenets, nor so decorous in his conduct as is justly expect- 
ed from a minister of the Go.spel. Just before the ad- 
journment of the Council, Mr. Brown read a letter affirm- 
ing the despicable character of the persons who had 
brought forward the charges against him, withdrawing 
from the consideration of the Council his letter of acceprt- 
ance, and declaring that neither himself, the church, or 
the town " have any further business for this Council." 

1798, March 12, the town voted to renew the call. 
The next day, the church voted not to renew the call, by 
a vote of eleven to nine. April 21, the church •'* voted 
to let all matters rest ; no members to be admitted until 
the church agree on some mode to proceed," Mr Brown, 
1797, December 31, before the Council was invited to 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 99 

assemble for his installation, had undertaken to alter the 
terms of admission to the church. He read a Confession 
of Faith he proposed to substitute for the old Covenant. 
The effect would have been to have revolutionized the 
whole basis of church fellowship, making it neither Cal- 
vinistic nor Evangelical, but so vaguely indefinite as to 
set aside any such distinctive characteristics for loose no- 
tions and looser practices. The church records were kept 
by Mr. Brown, and contain his interjected explanations 
as well as the customary minutes of votes passed. His 
record of the still more revolutionary vote of the church, 
1798, January 12, read, " Voted, that there should be but 
one Form of a Covenant for the Admission of Members 
into the Church, whether they come up to the Sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper, or not. By this vote, it is implied 
that all Persons who shall own this Covenant and Ac- 
knowledge the Confession of Faith, adopted by this 
Church, shall be considered, whether they come to the 
Lord's Table, or not, as Members of the Church ; And of 
consequence will be under the watch and Discipline of the 
Church, and shall have a right to the Ordinances and 
Privileges of the Church. The Church has agreed, ac- 
cording to the above explanation of the Vote, that Per- 
sons may join the Church, and have Baptism for their 
Children, though they may not consider it their Duty to 
come to the Lord's Supper at the time when they are ad- 
niitted." Mr. Brown's practice was more comprehensive 
than his explanation. He baptized the children of Martin 
Hersey, who had never owned the Covenant. Mr. Hersey 
was propounded by Mr. Brown for admission, but was 
Hot received by any vote of the church. 

In contravention of the vote passed by the church, 
March 13, to let all things rest, a special meeting was 
called by Mr. Brown, May 21, the action of March 13 
^as annulled, and it was voted, fifteen to fourteen, to 



100 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

renew the call to Mr. Brown. The majority was secured by 
counting as members, some persons who claimed member- 
ship by virtue of the vote of January 12. The town had 
• voted, March 12, to renew the call, and a committee was 
appointed to choose an Ecclesiastical Council in order to 
install the Rev. Clark Brown. 1798, June 19, this Coun- 
cil assembled, and the next day installed Mr. Brown as 
they were expected to do. The Council was composed of 
ministers and delegates from six churches. The minis- 
ters' names were : Rev. Judah Nash, of Montague, Rev. 
Joseph Bancroft, of Worcester, Rev. Joseph Blodget, of 
Greenwich, Rev. William Emerson, of Harvard, Rev. 
Nathaniel Thayer, of Lancaster, Rev. John Jackson, of Gill. 
Abner Morgan, not at the time a member of the church, 
but only propounded for admission, signed on behalf of 
the church, blank invitations. These were taken by dif- 
ferent individuals to different ministers, and filled out 
when the minister's sentiments were ascertained to be 
favorable to Mr. Brown. 

The Council met 5 P. M., at the house of Prince Aspin- 
wall, chose Rev. Mr. Nash, Moderator, and Rev. Mr. Em- 
erson, Scribe. They adjourned to the meeting-house, 
where the opponents of Mr. Brown objected to the valid- 
ity of the Council, on the ground that the majority vote 
to renew the call w^as improperly secured. The Council 
decided that this objection was not sustained. The next 
morning, 7 A. M., when the Council re-assembled^ charges 
of erroneous belief and reprehensible behavior, were 
preferred against Mr. Brown. The Council voted that 
Mr. Brown's explanation of his opinions was satisfactory ; 
and that the misconduct alleged was attributable to provo- 
cation and inexperience rather than maliciousness and 
folly. Rev. Mr. Bancroft preached ; Rev. Mr. Nash gave 
the Charge; Rev. Mr. Thayer gave the Right Hand of 
Fellowship. 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 101 

In consequence of these proceedings, the aggrieved 
Church members, and other inhabitants under the lead of 
General Eaton, held a meeting, 1798, September 13, and 
appointed a Committee, Dea. Issachar Brown, Joseph 
Hoar, William Eaton and Philemon Warren, to ask advice 
of the Brookfield Association. They were advised to lay 
the matter before an Ecclesiastical Council. Such a Coun- 
cil was called, and met 1798, October 17, at General Eat- 
on's. In his handwriting are the records of the various 
proceedings of the aggrieved church members and citi- 
zens. Rev. Joseph Lyman, of Hatfield, Rev. Joseph Pope, 
of Spencer, Rev. Richard S. Storrs, of Longmeadow, Rev. 
Thomas Holt, of Hardwick, Rev. John Fiske, of New 
Braintree, Rev. Joseph Lathrop, of West Springfield, and 
the delegates from the churches named, composed the 
Council. A pamphlet entitled, " An Address to my Influ- 
ential Neighbors, Selectmen and Committee of Brimfield," 
was probably prepared by General Eaton, and read to the 
Council. They decided that the statement presented to 
them by the Committee of the aggrieved, was not suffi- 
cient basis for action. They sent a Committee to propose 
to Rev. Clark Brown a friendly conference. He replied 
in writing in the course of an hour, that he was under the 
necessity of refusing the invitation. Then the Council 
advised the aggrieved to secure, if possible, from Mr. 
Brown, joint action in calling a Mutual Council ; if this 
failed, to bring their grievances before an adjourned 
meeting of this Council. A pamphlet rejoinder to Gen- 
eral Eaton, entitled, "A Reply to an Address Written 
by the Great I," was printed at the Spy office, in Wor- 
cester, October, 1798. A letter was sent to Mr. Brown, 
October 22, but met no response. 1799, February 28, 
request was made to the Church for a Mutual Council, but 
it was refused, as was also a similar request made to the 
town, 1800, January 2. 1799, July 3, the "aggrieved" 



102 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

were recognized as the Gospel Congregational Church in 
Brimfield, though no list of members is given. There is 
no record of this action other than this bare mention of 
their being recognized, yet not formally constituted, as a 
Church, by the ministers and delegates of Holland and 
Western. Mr. Bartholomew Brown's house on Tower 
hill (now occupied by Mr. Fay) was one of the places 
where they held their meetings. They had various 
preachers : Messrs. Bemis, Burt, Dickinson, Griswold, 
Groves, Lord, Moor, Sabin. 1803, December 7, a Com- 
mittee reported that ^991.65 had been raised and spent 
by the aggrieved. $130 of this amount was for expenses 
in prosecuting a petition to the General Court, to be in- 
corporated as a new parish. Soon the " Gospel Church " 
disappears : " the aggrieved," probably without any for- 
mality, resuming their original status as members of the 
old church. 

The petition for a new parish was met by a Committee 
appointed by the town, 1800, August 20, who were in- 
structed to '* make a true and fair representation of the 
situation," and directed to meet with any Committee 
from the opposition, to try to accommodate difficulties. 
With the understanding, as advised by a committee of 
the Legislature, that a Mutual Council should be called, 
and have full jurisdiction in all matters in dispute, the 
petitioners withdrew their petition. But the town re- 
fused to be made a party in the case, voting, 1801, March 
9, that Rev. Clark Brown and the aggrieved should 
settle their difficulties by a Mutual Council at their own 
expense. 

The Council met 1801, March 12, and continued its 
session till March 18. Rev. Eliab Stone, of the Second 
Church in Reading, Rev. Daniel Parsons, D. ^D., of 
Amherst, Rev. Samuel Kendall, of Weston, Rev. Samuel 
Austin, of Worcester, Rev. Jedediah Morse, D. D., of 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 103 

Charlestown, Rev. Hezekiah Goodrich, of Rutland, Rev. 
John T. Kirtland, of New South, Boston, and delegates 
from their churches, composed the Council. Their unani- 
mous opinion was in favor of terminating Mr. Brown's con- 
nection with this people. To this Mr. Brown published a 
bitter reply. But in accordance with the advice given, he 
finally presented to the town, 1803, March 23, a request for 
dismission. Mr.. Brown had been chosen representative, 
1801, May 4, and 1803, May 3, he was again chosen. 
But it was plainly evident, however ardent admirers he 
may have had, (and one man in Wilbraham named one of 
his children after the Brimfield minister,) no good what- 
ever would result from persistency in retaining a min- 
ister against oft repeated expressions of dissatisfaction 
from the serious minded and Orthodox portion of the com- 
munity. 1803, September 2, in response to proposals sub- 
mitted by Mr. Brown, drawn up by General Eaton, the 
town voted " to dispense with the services of Rev. Clark 
Brown, after the third Sabbath in October next." 1803, 
October 23, the Church voted " to unite with the pastor 
in calling an Ecclesiastic Council, to carry into effect the 
object designed and expressed in the votes passed in this 
town on the 2d ultimo." A Council met, for there is 
record of the cost of entertainment provided, but no rec- 
ord of its proceedings is to be found. 1803, November 
2, Mr. Brown was dismissed by vote of the church, at 
liis own request. Rev. Aaron Bancroft acting as Modera- 
tor of the meeting. Mr. Morse, in his " Annals," sug- 
gests that this council '' did not wish, by a regular and 
formal dismissal of Mr. Brown, to set aside the decision 
of the previous council respecting the irregularity of his 
installation." The termination of Mr. Brown's pastorate 
was as irregular as his installation. During the course of 
the controversies that marked and marred his connection 
with the people of Brimfield, five or six pamphlets were 



104 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

issued, now among the curiosities of literature in the Pas- 
toral library. " The Emigration of Popery : by Agatho- 
cles/' written in vindication of the Council that installed 
Mr. Brown, 1798, June 19; "An Authentic Copy of the 
Result of the Council, 1801, March 12;" "Remarks 
on the Doings and Result;" "An Address to My Influ- 
ential Neighbors ; " " Reply to the Great 1." 

Reference is made in one of these pamphlets to a cate- 
chism published by Mr. Brown, while at Machias, but no 
copy of it is known to be in existence. 

After leaving Brimfield, Mr. Brown was never settled 
again. He preached at Montpelier, Vt., 1805, but though 
hired for a year, was requested, at the end of six months, 
to retire from the pulpit. He then started a weekly pa- 
per known as the Vermont Waickman, He preached in 
Swanzey, N. H., and Orange, Mass. There is in the Pas- 
toral library, a Thanksgiving Sermon, preached by him 
in both those places, and printed by request of hearers at 
Orange. He died in Maryland, 1817, January 12, aged 
forty-five. lie was born in Stonington, 1772. His 
mother, Mary, wife of John Bro^vn, was privately bap- 
tized, 1774, September 7, and October 2, owned the cov- 
enant, but did not join in full communion with the church 
till 1787, September 16, after the death of her husband. 
Her two boys, Clark and John, were baptized on her ac- 
count, 1774, October 2. Clark Brown joined the church 
at Stonington, 1788, Febriuiry 10. While living in Brim- 
field, he married, 1799, December 1, a daughter of Dr. 
Joseph Moffatt, of this town. D. P. Thompson, in his 
History of Montpelier, 1860, says that she went to Ore- 
gon and opened a school, which finally grew into the first 
college of that State. Two sermons, preached by Mr. 
Brown on the Sabbath succeeding Doctor Mojffat's death, 
were printed, and are in the Pastoral library. He had 
two sons, born while he resided here ; Orus, born 1800, 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 105 

September 4 ; Manthanus, born 1802, December 15. Mr. 
Brown seems to have been of a bright and active mind, 
sociable and impulsive disposition, but not distinguished 
for patience or prudence. He was an avowed unbeliever 
in those Evangelical doctrines, which this church has, 
during all its history, maintained as fundamental doc- 
trines of the Christian faith. He " did not graduate at 
Harvard, but received honorary degrees there in 1797 
and in 1811, as he did, also, at Dartmouth and several 
other colleges." (Am. Quar. Reg., Vol. 10.) 

— 1803-1808. During this period, various candidates 
were heard, and three were invited to settle, who all de- 
clined. Mr. Wesson, who afterwards settled in Hardwick, 
received a call, 1805, March 25 ; Mr. Elisha Rockwood, 
1807, September 3 ; Mr. Newton Skinner, 1808, April 28. 
Yet while without a pastor, some interest in religious 
affairs must have been maintained, for the old meeting- 
house, built in 1722, was taken down in 1805, and re- 
placed by a far better building the next year. 

V. 1808-1811. August 17, 1808, the church voted to 
call Mr. Warren Fay, and August 29, the town concurred 
in this action. The salary offered was $500 yearly, and 
twenty-five cords of wood. Mr. Fay was ordained No- 
vember 2, 1808. 

Rev. Samuel Austin, of Worcester, with whom Mr. 
Fay had studied divinity, preached the ordination sermon 
from Eph. 6: 19, 20; Rev. Aaron Bancroft, of Worcester, 
gave the charge ; Rev. Alfred Ely, of Monson, the right 
hand of fellowship. These were published. Mr. Fay was 
a man of more than ordinary ability, but he found in this 
town a troublesome and unmanageable parish. It is not 
at all incredible, that under such circumstances he is said 
to have been intimate with some few persons, rather than 
to have cultivated a general acquaintance with his people. 
The church, from the first, sustained him heartily, and 

14 



106 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

** Fay's Saints" was the common name given to his 
friends. 1810, September 4, the town voted that they 
were "not satisfied with Mr. Fay as their minister, and 
that a copy of this vote be laid before him." 1811, May 
16, it was "Voted, that the Church may agree with Mr. 
Fay, and appoint a Council to dismiss and recommend 
him." This the church voted not to do. May 23. June 
26, Mr. Fay was dismissed by a Council, convened at his 
request and that of the church, which appointed a com- 
mittee for this purpose, June 14. The Council, in advis- 
ing his dismissal, protested against the summary and un- 
christian proceedings of the town. The town, May 11, 
1812, a committee reporting that Mr. Fay was willing 
to preach until July, or longer, without expense to the 
town, he was so employed. September 4, the town 
voted to hire him to preach until the first Monday in No- 
vember, when the town voted not to invite Rev. Warren 
Fay to resettle here in the gospel ministry, fifty-one for, 
eighty- three against. He was installed at Harvard, 1814, 
January 26, and dismissed thence on receiving a call to 
the First Church in Charlestown, as successor to Rev. Dr. 
Morse, in 1820. In 1839, while pastor of the church in 
Charlestown, he was charged with immorality, and after 
trial on these charges by a Council, the fellowship of the 
churches was withdrawn from him. He subsequently re- 
sided at Northborough, Mass., and died there. 

While living in Brimfield, one son was born, Samuel 
Austin, 1809, November 19. 

— 1811-1813. Various persons were engaged for vary- 
ing terms of service during the next two years, but none 
of them were invited to the vacant pastorate. 

VI. 1814-1833. One of the young men of Brimfield, 
Ebenezer Brown, at the time a student in Yale College, 
recommended to the people a recent graduate, Joseph 
Vaill, Jr., and he preached several times with such general 




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ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 107 

acceptance, that 1813, November 19, the church gave 
him a call. The town united in this the same day, voting 
'^ to give him annually $550, provided the contract close 
when he on the one hand, or a majority of the town on 
the other, become dissatisfied, a year's notice being given " 
Only one vote was against his settlement, and that avow- 
edly given to save him from the woe of having all men 
speak well of him. When he was ordained, February 2, 
1814, his father, Rev. Joseph Vaill, of East Haddam, 
preached the sermon from the text 1 John 3:8. Rev. 
Micah, Stone of Brookfield, gave the charge ; Rev. Otis 
Lane, of Sturbridge, the Right Hand of Fellowship. The 
young pastor, for he was only twenty-three years old, 
commended himself during a pastorate of twenty-two 
years to the respect and affection of his people, by his 
genial manners, his judicious zeal, his consistent piety, his 
earnest diligence in promoting the general welfare of the 
community. During his ministry, there were several sea- 
sons of extraordinary religious interest. The first revival, 
in the autumn of 1818, was not without opposition from 
some of the baser sort, who disturbed the evening meet- 
ings by noise and missiles. These " night meetings " were 
at the time a novelty, but met a felt want for a more social 
type of religious life than that which had up to that time 
prevailed. An attempt was made to turn the tide of re- 
ligious feeling by a vote of the town, allowing the church 
to be occupied for religious services at such times as not 
required for that purpose by Mr. Vaill. Prominent 
preachers of differing faith were procured, but the people 
did not respond to such measures, and as no opposition 
was made, these efforts were unsuccessful. More than 
one hundred united with the church as the result of this 
revival. Specially marked instances of conversion were 
those of Lucy Bishop, Joseph Blodget, and Christopher 
Ward. Lucy Bishop's joyful feelings at the time were so 



108 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

marked that neighbors came to hear her utterances of 
rapturous delight. She was an exemplary Christian till 
death removed her to a holier sphere ; yet this uncommon 
ecstatic joy at the moment of her conversion was the main 
point in which hers differed from ordinary experience in 
the Christian life. Joseph Blodget had been an avowed 
unbeliever in Christian truth. He accepted the Old Tes- 
tament, but derided New Testament teachings. Casually 
present at a neighborhood prayer-meeting, his feelings of 
remorseful agony were so intense that he threw himself 
into the fire. He was drawn back immediately without 
suffering any serious harm. The next morning he went 
to the store, bought a New Testament, and ever after- 
wards carried it next to his heart. Christopher Ward, an 
old Revolutionary soldier, who at first was opposed to the 
movement, after he had attended an evening meeting at 
Dr. Vaill's house, was in such distress of mind when he 
returned home, that a messenger was sent for Dr. Vaill 
late at night to come and pray with the anxious penitent. 
His conversion was a radical and permanent change of 
character, so marked as to attract the attention and com- 
mand the respect of all. 

In 1825 there was another marked season of religious 
interest, mainly among the young, and forty-five were 
added to the Church. This was not attended with so 
much overpowering religious emotion as in 1818. The 
minister adopted different methods and the church mem- 
bers were more self-controlled. In 1832, another time of 
ingathering was enjoyed. September 16, 1834, Mr. Vaill 
was dismissed at his request, and accepted a unanimous 
call to the Second Church in Portland, Maine. Perhaps 
one reason for his wish to terminate his pastorate was, 
that some of the most earnest members of the church 
became believers in the doctrine of Perfectionism, so 
called, which discouraged both pastor and the church. 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 109 

VII. 1835-1837. After an interval of only a few 
months, Rev. Joseph Fuller was called to the pastorate, 
and installed 1835, March 11. He was born in Versliire,Vt., 
December 18, 1806. His father was Rev. Stephen Fuller, 
of North Mansfield, Conn. ; his mother, Phebe Thurston, 
of HoUis, N. H. He pursued his preparatory studies at 
Clinton Academy, Easthampton, L. I. ; graduated at Mid- 
dlebury College, 1827, and at Andover Theological Sem- 
inary, 1830. He was first settled in the ministry at Ken- 
nebunk. Me., 1830, September 30 ; dismissed 1834, July 
16. His ministry in Brimfield was a brief one. He was 
considered a good preacher, but in his social relations with 
the people out of the pulpit, found himself at length so 
embarrassed as to lead him to tender his resignation, 1837, 
May 4 ; and he was dismissed by Council, June 7. He was 
afterwards settled at Ridgefield, Conn., 1838, where 
he remained till he was dismissed, 1841, May 1. He 
preached at different places in Connecticut and Massachu- 
setts, until in May, 1853, he was settled at Vershire, his 
native town. He continued in the pastoral office till 
1860, when he resigned, though he still continues to reside 
in the place. 

VIH. 1837-1841. Mr. Vaill's second pastorate was 
from 1837, November l,to 1841, October 19. 

Mr. Vaill resigned his pastoral charge in 1841 to act 
as financial agent for Amherst College, for which he had 
collected funds at various times during his pastorate. In 
this agency he continued four years. His labors were 
successful in saving the institution from financial ruin. 
He then accepted a call to Somers, Conn., where he was 
installed 1845, August 6. He resigned this charge to seek 
another not requiring such drafts on his physical and 
mental powers. He was dismissed from Somers 1854, 
December 1, and installed pastor of the Second church at 
Palmer, Mass., 1854, December 6. There he died 1869, 



110 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

February 22, and as he had often desired, was buried in 
the cemetery at Brimfield, the third of the pastors of this 
church that sleep with former friends and associates in 
that congregation of the dead. He was born 1790, July 
28, at Hadlyme, Conn., where his father was for more 
than fifty years pastor of the church. He graduated at 
Yale, in the class of 1811, having among his classmates 
Roger Sherman Baldwin, of Connecticut, Francis Gran- 
ger, of New York, Rev. Prof. Emerson of Andover, Rev. 
Dr. Spring, of New York City, and Dr. Joseph E. Wor- 
cester, the lexicographer. Sidney E. Morse, the founder 
of the New York Observer ^ was his room-mate. 

After his graduation he taught school at Litchfield and 
at Salisbury, Conn., and studied divinity with his father. 
He entered upon his ministry at Brimfield under very dis- 
couraging circumstances. " In a town of sixteen hundred 
people, and only one religious organization in it, there 
were less than seventy professors of religion." Some of 
these were far from being soundly Christian in what the 
young pastor regarded as essential to Christian character. 
There was scarcely a solitary young person in the whole 
church. Mr. Vaill came to Brimfield from the midst of a 
revival in Lyme, Conn., in which he had been laboring 
with Rev. Mr. Nettleton, who, on going to other scenes, 
left the oversight of the whole work in his hands. He 
introduced into the churches of this vicinity a new style 
of preaching, the homiletic as distinguished from the 
didactic or dogmatical. In his youthful prime his preach- 
ing was with power, as Rev. Lyman Whiting, D. D., tes- 
tifies in an article in the Conijregationalist. 

He continued his active labors for the good of others 
till the very close of his life. Though he thought it best 
to resign the active duties of a pastoral charge when he 
was over seventy-five years of age, he continued his nom- 
inal coilnection as pastor with the church in Palmer, and 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. Ill 

preached whenever he had opportunity. Even at this 
advanced period of life he was remarkable for physical en- 
ergy and sprightliness. He was chosen representative by 
the Palmer district, for the Legislature of 1875. Expos- 
ure in the discharge of his duties was the occasion of the 
sickness, typhoid pneumonia, which ended in death. He 
was a warm friend of Amherst College. He secured 
from his parishioner, Mr. Samuel A. Hitchcock, when such 
large donations were more uncommon than now, a gift of 
$5,000, the first of a long series of such donations from 
Mr. Hitchcock. He was one of the Trustees of Amherst 
College, from 1821, until his death; and received from 
that College in 1851 the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 
Seven of Dr. Vaill's sermons have been published, besides 
two or three addresses, and several smaller articles on va- 
rious subjects. 

Dr. Vaill was twice married ; first, 1813, December 7, 
to Miss Anne Kirtland, of Hadlyme. She died 1829, leav- 
ing six children : William Kirtland, b. 1815, April 29 ; 
Timothy Dwight, b. 1817, May 12; Joseph Ambrose, b. 
1819, May 8 (died); Anne Elizabeth, b. 1820, May 22; 
Joseph Fowler, b. 1822, May 7; Henry Martyn, b. 1824, 
February 6 ; Edward Warren, b. 1826, April 6 ; Sarah 
Delia, b. 1829, January 26 (died). His second wife was 
Mrs. Nancy (Pope) Howe, of Ware, Mass., to whom he was 
married January' 6, 1830. She survived her husband 
but a short time, dying 1871, February 3. 

IX. 1842-1846. Rev. George C. Partridge succeeded 
Dr. Vaill. His father was Cotton Partridge, of Hatfield ; 
his mother was Hannah Lyman, daughter of Rev. Joseph 
Lyman, for fifty-six years pastor of the church in Hatfield. 
He was born at Hatfield, graduated at Amherst, 1833, 
and at Andover Theological Semin^-ry, 183G. 

He was ordained pastor of the church at Nantucket, 
1840, September 11, and continued there about two years. 



112 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

He was installed here 1842, November 18, and dismissed 
1846, April 11. After an interval of six months, he was 
installed at Greenfield, and continued pastor there till 
1854, September 19. He then resigned, and removed to 
Rochford, 111., where he engaged in business. His health 
improved so much, however, that he concluded to re-enter 
the ministry. He was settled at Batavia, 111., from 1860 
to 1866. His health failing again, he served for a time 
as United States Revenue Collector. Since then he has 
been in trade and in the real estate business. He mar- 
ried, 1840, June 9, Sophia H. Johns, daughter of Rev. 
Evan Johns, of Canandaigua, N. Y. His wife died 1874, 
January 30. Of his three children, the son is in business 
in New York City, one daughter is living with her father, 
the other is the wife of Rev. A. J. Chittenden, of Boulder, 
Col. 

— 1847-1849. During the year following Mr. Par- 
tridge's dismission, 1847, February 21, the meeting-house 
was burned. The fire started, it is supposed, in the gal- 
lery floor from an over-heated, not sufficiently protected 
stove-pipe. The present structure was built the same 
year, 1848. Rev. Charles Smith, then of Warren, 
preached the dedication sermon 1848, January 19. 

Rev. B. E. Hale was engaged as acting pastor from No- 
vember, 1847, to February, 1849. Mr. Hale had previ- 
ously been editor of a paper at Lowell, and also active in 
the Temperance Reform. During his residence in Brim- 
field, he did much in advocacy and maintenance of tem- 
perance principles, and on leaving Brimfield went to 
Hartford as agent of the Connecticut Temperance Society. 
He has since been engaged in business at Beloit, Wis., 
and Chicago., 111., and is now a resident of Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

X. 1849-1861. Rev. Jason Morse was next ordained 
pastor, and continued in the faithful and successful dis- 




COKOREGATIONAL CUUBCH, ERECTED IN IMT. 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 113 

charge of his duties till his death. His father was a 
farmer of the same name as this son, as his own father 
and grandfather had been before him. Rev. Jason Morse 
was born at Southbridge 1821, March 9. He was a lineal 
descendant in the sixth generation of Samuel Morse, who 
came from England in 1635, settled in Dedham, and then 
removed to Medfield. He fitted for college at Monson 
Academy ; taught school during the junior year at South- 
ampton, Mass. ; graduated at Amherst 1845. After spend- 
ing one year as assistant teacher in Monson Academy, he 
completed the course of theological study at Andover, 
1849. He went almost immediately from the Seminary 
to Brimfield, where he was ordained 1849, December 12, 
To this people he gave his whole after-life, and they 
regarded him with fullest confidence and increasing affec- 
tion. His pastoral care was pervasive, elevating and sym- 
pathetic. His pulpit ministrations were instructive, ear- 
nest, and comprehensive. In his social relations he was 
influential, ever ready to promote the general welfare of 
the communitv, foremost to devise and advocate methods 
of social advancement. In his personal intercourse he 
made the impression of a consistent, honorable, faithful, 
devout spirit. While there was no general revival of re- 
ligion during the period of his ministry, there were sea- 
sons of special religious interest, and no year passed with- 
out some additions to the church. During his pastorate 
there were added in all one hundred and eleven members, 
thirty-seven by letter, twice as many by profession. His 
last illness was very brief. His physical frame, over- 
wearied by the continuous strain of unintermitted labor 
and constant care, succumbed almost at once to an attack 
of typhoid fever. He died October 14, 1861, at the early 
age of forty years. He married, 1850, January 9, Miss 
Abbie Parsons, daughter of Thomas Parsons, of South- 
ampton. But she was soon taken from him, dying sud- 

16 



Ill HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

denly 1852, July 17. His second wife was Miss Sophia 
Parsons, of the same family, an older sister. Their three 
children were Jason, b. 1857, September 17; Abby Par- 
sons, b. 1859, August 20 ; and Sophia, b. 1861, July 9- 

XI. 1862-1870. After Mr. Morse's death, the pulpit 
was supplied by members of the Brookfield Association, 
who kindly proffered their gratuitous services as a tribute 
of respect for their departed brother, and a temporary 
relief to Mr. Morse's widow- Rev. Charles McEwen Hyde, 
of New York city, was ordained as pastor, 1862, August 
18. Rev. Dr. Vaill, of Palmer, was Moderator of the 
Council, Rev. E. Carpenter, of Southbridge, Scribe. The 
sermon was preached by Rev. Dr. Hopkins, president of 
Williams College. It was published with the other ad- 
dresses delivered on the occasion. In the spring of 1864 
the pastor had planned to spend six weeks in the army, in 
the service of the United States Christian Commission. 
But in view of his departure, such unusual religious inter- 
est was manifested in the young people's meeting, which 
he had for several months conducted, that the work at 
home could not be laid aside. Sixteen young persons 
united with the church at the communion in November. 
Then the pastor went to City Point, Va., and spent six 
weeks in service in the field hospital at that place. Dur- 
ing the long, protracted war of secession, the church ob- 
served the last Sunday of every month as a day of special 
prayer for the country. Again and again were large con- 
gregations tif sympathizing friends gathered to pay the 
last tribute of respect to one and another of the noble 
land who had met death in defence of the country's in- 
stitutions. In the winter of 1864-5, the pastor, in con- 
nection with Dr. Yaill, of Palmer, inaugurated a series of 
monthly conference meetings with some one of the neigh- 
boring churches, on the first Tuesday of each winter 
month. In the last months of 1867, the weekly afternoon 



ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. 115 

meeting every Thursday was given up, and in its place 
there was begun a weekly Friday evening meeting. With 
the opening of the following year the church began more 
direct and special effort for the religious welfare of the 
community. Henry F. Durant, Esq., of Boston, a lay 
preacher and evangelist, was invited to assist the pastor. 
January 17, 1869, he conducted the Sabbath services, and 
a series of meetings for three days following the Sabbath. 
During these meetings, when opportunity was given for 
personal inquiry and conversation, from fifty to eighty 
went into the inquiry room. The accessions to the church 
were numerous, and a new zeal animated the hearts and 
lives of many. 

May 8, 1870, after an eight years' pastorate, the pastor 
tendered his resignation, and by vote of council, held May 
24, the dissolution of the pastoral relation was duly ef- 
fected. During his pastorate one hundred were added to 
the church, seventy-one by profession. 

Charles McEwen Hyde was born in New York city, 
June 8, 1832. His father was Joseph Hyde, son of Rev. 
Dr. Alvan Hyde, of Lee, Mass. His mother was Catha- 
rine M. McEwen, daughter of Judge Charles McEwen, of 
New York. He graduated at Williams College in 1852, 
and at Princeton Theological Seminary, 1859. Previous 
to comitig to Brimfield, he had preached for a year at 
Goshen, Conn. In 1872, he received the degree of D. D. 
from Williams College. After leaving Brimfield he was in- 
stalled pastor of the Center Church, Haverhill, November 
15, 1870. He resigned his pastorate, and closed his work 
there January 1, 1876, and January 24, 1877, was ap- 
pointed to take charge of the Theological Seminary at 
Honolulu, under the care of the American Board of Com- 
missioners for Foreign Missions. 

1865, October 10, Rev. C. M. Hyde was married to 
Miss Mary T. Knight, youngest daughter of the late 



116 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Dr. Ebenezer Knight, of Brimfield. Their two children 
are Henry Knight Hyde and Charles Knight Hyde. 

XII. 1870-1872. Rev. Moses Bradford Boardman 
was the next pastor, installed 1870, December 1. He was 
born, 1833, May 25, at Francestown, N. H., where his 
mother's father, Rev. Moses Bradford, was long the pastor. 
Graduating at Amherst College, 1860, he studied two 
years at Union Theological Seminary, graduating at An- 
dover Theological Seminary, 1863. He was ordained and 
installed pastor of the church at Lynnfield Centre, Mass , 
1863, October 1; dismissed 1870, November 1. His 
health failed in the autumn of 1872 ; the church and par- 
ish voted him leave of absence, with continuance of his 
salary. A voyage to Europe failed to effect any recovery. 
After repeatedly baffled attempts to perform the duties of 
the pastoral office, he resigned, and was dismissed 1873, 
November 1. He continued to reside at Brimfield till the 
spring of 1875, when he removed to Harwinton, Conn. 
He had married, 1863, September 17, Miss Ellen E. Bar- 
ber, of Harwinton, Conn., and had four children : Francis 
Barber, Henry Bradford, Sarah Bradford, William Brad- 
ford. 

XHI. 1872. The present pastor, Rev. Webster K. 
Pierce, was installed April 30, 1874. Rev. Dr. Perkins, 
of Ware, was Moderator of the Council ; Rev. B. M. Ful- 
lerton, of Palmer, Scribe ; Rev. H.N. Shorey, of Spencer, 
preached the sermon. Mr. Pierce was born in Winter- 
port, Me. ; graduated at Bangor Theological Seminary. 
He married June 1, 1875, Miss Etta F. Lincoln, youngest 
daughter of Capt. F. D. Lincoln, of Brimfield. They have 
one child, Frank Lincoln, b. May 12, 187G. 

The first meeting-house was erected in the year 1722, 
on the spot where the present edifice now stands. It was 
a framed building, forty-five feet long, forty feet broad. 
The frame stood a whole year exposed to the weather. 



MEETING-HOUSES. 117 

The commotions of Indian wars, added to the poverty of 
the first settlers, protracted their efforts for the comple- 
tion of their house of worship. Some of the Committee 
appointed to lay out the town, in order to secure their 
rights as proprietors, had become responsible for nails, 
£25 from Capt. George Colton and Thomas IngersoU, 
for glass, £25, from Mr. Pelatiah Glover. 1731, Novem- 
ber 9, the town voted " that Concern of the nails to finish 
the meeting house which the Court ordered Capt. Colton 
to provide according to the Court be left with the Select- 
men of Brimfield chose for the year 1731 to manage that 
affare and See that the nails are provided. Voted, that 
the floor of the meeting house be Laid and the body of 
Seats be maid and all So the gice of the gallarys put in 
as soon as may be and all so bords to Lay on the gice be 
procured and all so matereals sutable to make the pulpit 
be provided bords and slet worke sutable for the same." 
1731, December 28, it was '' Voted that y^ Pews be built 
upon the town's Cost. Voted, that there be fifty pounds 
raised for finishing the Meeting house." Nails, all ham- 
mered out on the anvil, were not easily procured in 
quantity. Nor was it much easier to get lumber, when 
roads were not much better than bridle-paths, and saw- 
mills were few and rude. Other votes about the same 
time indicate the probable style of architecture. 1732, 
October 6, Voted that " a Pulpit and ministry Pew, and 
deacons' Seate be built when the Bodeys of Seates are 
Built." 1733, March 12, "^^ that the gallery seates be 
raised as much as shall be needfull." " That there be no 
alley made through the middle of y® meeting house." 

The house was a plain, barn-like building, with no 
chimneys, and no tower or steeple. It was marked as a 
building for worship, rather than for a home or a garner, 
by its numerous windows, five above and four below, and 
by its doors in the middle of three sides, East, South, 



118 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

West. The upper windows were probably wooden shut- 
ters, as was the custom at this period, and the lower win- 
dows diamond-paned, or with glass inserted. They were 
hung upon hinges, according to a vote passed 1749, July 
14. 

"No steeple graced its homely roof 

With upward pointing spire. 
Our villagers were much too meek 

A steeple to desire. 
And never did the welcome tones 

Of Sabbath morning bell, 
Our humble village worshipers 

The hour of worship tell." 

The pulpit was on the north side. 1754, July 10, the 
town voted to mend and Repair the Meeting house Glass 
and make new Casements, Soe far as is NeedfuU, and " to 
make two Sash windows on the back side of the pulpit, 
one on each side the post there." The repairs do not 
seem to have been very thorough, for 1759, July 17, it 
was voted " to board up some of the windows of the 
meeting-house for the present." 

The seats in the center of the house were long benches, 
perhaps without even any support for the back, but sim- 
ply slabs with pins driven in as in the common milking- 
stool. The deacons' seat was in front of and beneath the 
high pulpit, its occupants facing the congregation, but 
unable to look at the preacher. Square pews were built 
by vote of June 8, 1733, along the walls; alleys leading 
from the three doors and between these wall pews and 
the body seats. The stairs to the galleries were in the 
south-west and south-east corners. A lock and key, of 
the usual mammoth proportions, were provided, 1739, 
March 12, at a cost of seven shillings. The pulpit was 
provided with " a cushoon," whether for the Bible or the 
preacher 1 cannot determine. This was voted 1733, June 
8, but not paid for till 1736, December 27th, when an ap- 



MEBTING-HOUSKS. 119 

propriation for it was made, £2, lis., 6d. Not till 1738, 
May 23, were the galleries made ready for occupants, 
when the town voted " £80 to finish the pews, and make 
y* stairs up into the Gallery, and to finish y® Seats in the 
Gallery." 1748, May 3, £200 were appropriated to lath 
and plaster the meeting house " from the pews on y® sides 
upwards and overhead on y* jice." 

1749, March 13, James Thompson and several others, 
(young, unmarried men, probably,) petitioned for " a lib- 
erty to build a Pew over the Stairs in y* meeting as we 
Goe up the Gallery." It was granted " provided it be 
builtover the Stairs on the men's Side." 1753, March 
13, other young men petitioned for a pew in the front 
gallery, and were authorized to build " on the men's side, 
to take two hind seats there, and to Do it and Maintain 
it on their own Charge." The spirit of improvement 
thus manifested was not confined to the men. When 
was the gentler sex ever left in the march of progress ? 
At the same meeting, a petition was presented from Mary 
Russell and seven others of the sisterhood : Abigail Sher- 
man, Mary Morgan, Lucy Hoar, Abigail Russell, Sarah 
Burt, Lois Warriner, and Marcy Warriner, and they se- 
cured the coveted distinction of a big pew. 

Other distinctions besides pews and seats were charac- 
teristic of these times of patriarchal simplicity, as we 
often call them. 1731, December 28, a vote was passed, 
"that the women sit In the Wast End of the meeting- 
house." The separation of the sexes was the fashion 
throughout the colonial period. Another custom of those 
primitive times showed how strong was the influence 
socially of inherited English snobbery, or rather liow hu- 
man nature, in all ages, covets the distinctions aristocratic 
pretentiousness loves to make. The early settlers were no 
more in favor of democratic promiscuousness and indis- 
criminate social equality, than they were in favor of uni- 



]20 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

versal suffrage, and a numerical political equality. Though 
every person resident in the town, whether he paid a 
tax, or not, was entitled to a seat in the meeting-house, 
the custom was to assign seats, according to some ac- 
cepted standard of social rank. In order to settle the 
question of social position, it was necessary also to " dig- 
nify the seats," arranging them in some order of relative 
prominence. These duties were assigned to a committee, 
appointed 1746, March 16, who were instructed in as- 
signing seats, " to have Regard to age and estate." In 
one instance I have found recorded in another town, the 
standard was laid down with mathematical exactness, 40 
shillings on the list to be taken as equivalent to one year 
of age. The committee of 1749 were instructed to seat 
none under twenty-one years of age, and " to seat the 
Widows and Deacons' wives." Other wives occupied on 
the west side the seats corresponding to those assigned 
their husbands on the east side. The deacon's seat had 
no equivalent position of honor for the deaconess ; hence, 
the special need there was of such assignment by the 
committee. The relative rank of the seats was changed 
from time to time, and this public allotment of one's so- 
cial position, was a continual source of vexation and fault 
finding. 1757, the committee were instructed "to seate 
men and their waves together in the Pews." Their re- 
port is printed in the appendix, containing as it does a 
full list of all the inhabitants that attended worship at 
the center, and giving some approximate statement of 
their relative social position. The galleries and gallery 
stairs, or even the pulpit stairs, were occupied by the 
young folks or poor folks, who had no place assigned. 

When the house had stood forty years, the question 
was raised, 1761, March 16, whether it should not be 
removed to the geographical center. It was decided in 
the negative, and thus began and ended the only agita- 



MEETING-HOUSES. 121 

tion in this town, so far as appears from our records, of a 
question that has disturbed the peace of other communi- 
ties for years. So fittingly located is the house of wor- 
ship, that the first judgment of every beholder is, " This 
is just the place for it. Nature seems to have designed 
the location for this purpose." 1761, November 16, it 
was voted ** to color the outside of the meeting-house, and 
to raise £S to do the Same." Painting was the excep- 
tion, rather than the rule, throughout the colonial period. 
Not till after the Revolution were such outlays commonly 
made. Another indication of growing social prosperity, 
was the vote, 1763, March 14, to take up four seats, build 
pews mstead, and make an alley up to the pulpit. This 
alteration was modified by vote, 1764, October 23, "to 
take up two seats on each side in the Alley, in the meet- 
house, and build 4 pews instead thereof, and To raise the 
fore-seat as high as the pews and make Bannisters there- 
to." 1774, October 5, eight young men had leave " to 
Build a pew over the Women's Stairs." 1788, Septem- 
ber 29, the question was raised, whether " the town will 
order Pews to be built in the back Seats in the Gallery, 
and purchase 2 corner pews in the galary;" on which no 
action is recorded. 

It was evident, however, that the days of the old meet- 
ing-house were numbered, and its demolition, in order to 
make waj-for a better building, a subject often discussed, 
before any decision was reached. 1792, March 12, there 
was an article in the warrant, "to see if the town will 
enter into a free conversation, relative to building a new 
meeting-house ; " but no practical result was reached. 
Five years later, 1797, March 13, no decision appears to 
have been made on the question, whether the town would 
begin to make preparation for a new meeting-house. 
The old building must have been a tottering frame, for 
one item in the treasurer's account, 1799, March 11, is 

16 



122 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

for "sweeping, repairing, and propping the meeting- 
liouse." 1804, April 2, the town voted to build a meet- 
ing-house by the sale of pews, as far as they will go 
towards that object. 1805, March 18, a contract was 
made with Mr. Elias Carter, of Brimfield, to build the 
house for $6,666.07, after a plan submitted by a commit- 
tee of those who had bought pews. The old meeting- 
house was sold for $100.00, to various parties, by whom 
it was to be taken down before May 1. Some of the 
panel work is still to be seen in the rear part of the old 
Bliss tavern, now belonging to the Wales estate. 

The raising was a town affair, for which alone $500 
was voted. People came from far and near, and most 
elaborate preparation was made for the wonderful under- 
taking. Each district was to furnish a specified number of 
timbers fourteen inches square, and twenty-six feet long. 
Spikes were purchased, and after the raising given to the 
several districts, according to the amount severally con- 
tributed. Ropes were hired, and men also, from out of 
town. Meals for the day were furnished at the town's 
expense. These, and " keeping the horses," cost $343. 
The raising of the ponderous frame was successfully ac- 
complished. One whole side was raised at a time, the 
west side first; Mr. Carter going up with it, standing on 
the gallery girth. Only one man, Ezra Hitchcock, fell, 
or was injured in any way. He petitioned the town for 
relief or compensation, but the common opinion seems to 
have been that if he had not been somewhat elevated, 
more than sober people usually are, he would not have 
fallen. The bill for liquor furnished on the occasion, 
'" Rum, Sugar, Brandy, Lemmons and Wine for raising 
the Meeting house," was $121.22. The committee who 
prepared the ground for the underpinning, laid in "rum 
and sugar " to the amount of $3.50. A Mr. Hanks, who 
may have acted as superintendent, had for his inner man 



MEETING-HOUSES . 123 

"H mug Brdy tody" at twenty-seven cents. The last 
of the pews, ten in all, were sold at public vendue June, 
1814. But Mr. Carter was paid in full in 1808. 

Dr. Vaill, in his sermon of 1821, speaks of this second 
building as a " commodious and beautiful house." It was, 
as he described it in his sermon of 1864, " rather imposing, 
having columns in front, a very respectable looking stee- 
ple, and the entrances all at one end as now. It fronted 
to the south, as the first one fronted." It was of a style 
of architecture common at this period, of which there are 
many specimens extant now. A curious custom in those 
days was that of deaf persons sitting in the pulpit by 
the side of the minister. Many will remember the inscrip- 
tion over the pulpit : " My father's house shall be called a 
house of prayer for all people." Mrs. Knight has in her 
house, in use now, parts of the crimson silk hangings that 
decorated the wall back of the pulpit. The original pulpit 
Bible was deposited in the pastoral library, when Dr. 
Hyde was installed pastor. The sittings were arranged 
in square pews, so that about one- third of the audience 
could not face the speaker. 1806, December 29, "Voted 
that no person be allowed to get upon the top of the pews 
during any town meeting, nor to transact any private 
concams in the place of meeting. That all addresses be 
made to the Moderator, and that no person while speak- 
ing be interrupted by another except to be called to order, 
that no person be allowed to go into the pulpit at any 
town meeting, and that this article of regulation be read 
by the Clerk at the opening of every town meeting." 
Same date voted, "That it be recommended to the pro- 
prietors of pews, to procure sand boxes for their pews." 
The pews at first had neither carpets nor cushions. There 
was no stove in the first meeting-house. The only provis- 
ion for warming the body was by dint of vigorous stamp- 
ing between the parts of the service, or by the use of a 



124 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

foot-stove, a chafing dish of coals in a perforated tin box. 
The town refused 1819^ November 1, to procure a stove 
for the meeting-house, but ordered two doors to be hung 
on the stairs to keep the cold from the galleries. Liberty 
was given to individuals who might contribute toward the 
expense, to put up a stove.* The lightning rod, put up 
in 1805, indicates a belief in the use of means, as well as 
in the power of prayer, to avert possible danger. There 
is a bill of money paid for a new bell rope, and for the 
frame and yoke, November, 1806. There was no bell on 
the first meeting-house, and one was probably provided 
for the new house under the contract for building. This 
bell was soon cracked, for in June, 1807, a second bell was 
hung in the belfry. In 1819, this was exchanged for 
another. This remained in use till the house was burned 
in 1847. Mr. S. A. Hitchcock took the melted metal and 
furnished a new bell weighing thirteen hundred pounds. 
1855 this cracked, and was exchanged for another, which 
hangs in the belfry of the present house. It is daily rung 
now, as it was fifty years ago, at the noon-day hour and 
nine o'clock bed-time, except that Saturday evening is 
shortened to eight o'clock. The bell-ringer also tolls the 
age in case of any person's death in town reported to him; 
and the bell is tolled while the funeral procession enters 
the village on its way to the cemetery. 

During the first year of Dr. Vaill's second pastorate, 
1838, the meeting-house, which, up to that time, had no 
lower rooms, was remodeled at an expense of $4,600. 
The pew^s were appraised by a committee appointed un- 
der provision of the Statutes, and the parish took posses- 
sion at their valuation, $1,091. This complete reversal 
of the plan by which the house was built, in 1805, by the 



* In canvassing for subscriptions, one person when called upon declined to con- 
tribute, giving as a reason, tlie preaching was hot enough witliout resort to artificial 
means. 



THE PARISH. 125 

sale of pews, gave oflTence to some who could not be rec- 
onciled to the new order. It was re-dedicated 1839, Jan- 
nary 10. At this time a Bible for the pulpit was pre- 
sented to the Society by Edwin J. Brown, Marquis L. 
Converse, Charles E. Converse, Bartholemew Brown, Ezra 
Perry, Jr., William H. Wyles, and James J. Warren, young 
men, natives of Brimfield, then residing in New York 
City. But on a cold Sunday, February 21, 1847, catching 
fire from an over-heated stove-pipe, it was burned to the 
ground. The present house was erected immediately, 
and was dedicated 1848, January 19. The church being 
at that time destitute of a pastor, as they were when the 
second meeting-house was built, Rev. Charles Smith, of 
Warren, preached the dedication sermon. The cost of 
the building was reported to be $6,265.77, including 
$3,000 received from the insurance companies. 

During Dr. Hyde's pastorate, it was twice remodeled. 

The first time, 1863-4, the upper audience room wad 

altered to its present condition. The stove-pipes that 

once ran the whole length of the audience room, no longer 

vex the eye with their uneven blackness, nor disfigure 

the carpet with pyroligneous drippings. Two portable 

furnaces in the lower room heat the whole building in 

ordinary winter weather. The singers* gallery, midway 

to the ceiling, and very close to it, has given place to the 

present platform for a choir ; though, if congregational 

singing is to be adopted, there is ample room either side 

of the pulpit for organ and leader. The arrangement of 

the sittings circularly makes every pew well adapted for 

convenient hearing and seeing, the two chief requisites 

in a house for Christian worship. The walls and ceilings 

were neatly frescoed. A new carpet covering the whole 

floor was purchased by the ladies, who also paid a part of 

the cost for new cushions for every pew. Mr. Wyles paid 

$200 towards this, and also paid $225 towards the fresco^ 



126 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ing, in addition to what he had subscribed towards the 
general expense. The whole expense was about $3,400. 
The services of rededication were held January 24, 1864. 
The lower room was first fitted up for use as Town Hall 
and Parish Hall, and furnished with settees made of pine 
boards, in 1839, when an eflfort was made by some to 
have the town build a public hall. At that time the 
parish oflered it to the town for free use, in accordance 
with the terms of the subscription for the remodeling of 
the meeting-house. A new agreement was made with 
the town, when the present house was built in 1848, with 
upper and lower rooms adapted to church and public use. 

In 1 868-9, the lower room was improved in form and 
appearance. The floor was lowered by the removal of 
gravel from beneath, and a height of twelve feet thus 
secured. The north end was separated by a movable par- 
tition, affording a room of convenient size for smaller 
social meetings, and for that indispensable adjunct of 
nineteenth century Christianity, a church kitchen. The 
whole was tastefully frescoed. The total expense was 
$1,579.46. Modern settees were purchased, 1872. 

1832, April 20, a petition of sixteen of the citizens se- 
cured a warrant for calling a meeting to organize a parish 
under the provisions of the statutes, so that, in accordance 
with recent changes, the management of ecclesiastical 
affairs should be the business of a parish meeting, not a 
town meeting, as was the custom previously. The neces- 
sity for such an organization was urged by many long be- 
fore this time, but the State laws were such that no such 
action was considered advisable till the laws had been 
changed, giving to this newly organized parish the con- 
trol of the meeting-house. The membership at one time 
numbered over one hundred ; but by deaths, removals and 
withdrawals, it is now reduced to twenty-two. Since 1838 
the ordinary parish expenses have been met, in part, by 



CHURCH MUSIC. 127 

the annual rental of pews, to which must be added also 
the premium paid in some years for choice money. The 
experiment of having free seats and meeting the annual 
expenses by subscription, was tried in 1874. The wliole 
amount, in addition to the annual rentals, that has been 
raised by taxation for alterations and deficiencies since 
1838, is $6,935.65, an average per year of $203.98. By 
subscription, for similar purposes, during the same time, 
$8,694.50; average per year, $297.27. 

In 1859, when there was some fear of losing the pastor. 
Rev. Mr. Morse, to whom application had been made to 
take charge of an important church in a western city, a 
fund of $1,000 was subscribed for the purchase and main- 
tenance of a pastoral library. The subscriptions were 
made payable in five years, though the whole amount 
was paid in 1863. One-half was spent in the purchase 
of books; the remaining $500 constituted a permanent 
fund, the annual income only to be expended by the pas- 
tor for buying such books as he may choose. There are 
now six hundred and forty-eight volumes in the library, 
though the investment in railroad bonds is not now pro- 
ductive. In June, 1866, S. A. Hitchcock, Esq., gave the 
parish $5,000 to constitute a fund, the income of which 
is to be applied to " the support of an Evangelical Or- 
thodox Trinitarian Congregational Minister," and stipu- 
lating that a central pew should be assigned for the free 
use of the teachers of the Hitchcock school. May 1, 
1869, Hon. John Wyles gave the parish a fund of $5,000, 
two-thirds of the income to be applied to parish expenses 
in such way as shall most effectually reduce the amount 
charged for pew-rent ; the other third to be applied spe- 
cially to defraying the annual expense for music. The 
parish also received, 1871, May 1, a legacy of $50 from 
the estate of Miss Elvira Stebbins, which was added to 
Mr. Hitchcock's Ministerial Fund. 



128 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The common method of conducting the service of song 
was congregational, until 1786. One of the deacons read 
a line at a time. Lining a hj^mn, or deaconing it, was 
the common name given to this fashion. 1781, October 
19, the church voted that an advisory address be pre- 
sented to the singers, the purport of which is " that the 
Psalm to be sung be read, line by line, in the forenoon, 
but not in the afternoon : and that no repeating tune be 
sung in the forenoon, but may be in the afternoon, Pro- 
vided no part be repeated over more than is necessary." 
The congregation sang one of the five tunes commonly 
known : York, Hackney, Windsor, St. Mary's, Martyrs. 
3785, September 1, the church voted to use Doctor 
Watts' psalms and hymns. This continued to be used 
till Lowell Mason's " Church Psalmody," was substituted 
for it. This in turn was supplanted, 1861, by the "Sab- 
bath Hymn Book," for which, in 1875, was substituted 
" Hymns and Songs of Praise," by Hitchcock, Eddy & 
Schaff. 

William Billings had made very popular such fugue music 
as we have in the tunes Lenox and Northfield, and these 
supplanted the slow movements of Williams and Tanner. 
The town went beyond the church, voting, 1789, October 
19, that the singers, for the future, shall sing without 
reading. At the same time, Abner Morgan, Esq., Capt. 
David Morgan, and James Bacon, were chosen Quoristers, 
and it was voted to hire a singing master for three months. 
For a number of years singing schools were maintained 
with more or less regularity. For a few years the 
town voted an appropriation of $25.00 or $30.00. Indi- 
viduals became prominent as singers and leaders — Thomas 
Hubbard, Deacon Tarbell, Eaton Hitchcock. Captain 
Salisbury, a famous music teacher for this whole region, 
was leader of the choir. The people showed their appre- 
ciation of his services, and perhaps paid him some small 



CHURCH SERVICES. 129 

compensation, by purchasing tickets to his annual "Sing- 
ing Lecture." 

When it was the fashion to accompany the choir-sing- 
ing with varied instrumental music, James Henry Brown 
and T. J. Morgan played the violin ; Marquis Converse 
and P. W. Paige, the bass viol ; Alvan Bacon, afterwards 
John W. Morgan, the double bass ; C. C. Warren and 
George A. Converse, the flute ; Henry Converse and Pale- 
man Moon, the clarionet; H. D. Griggs, the bassoon. In 
1854, a cabinet organ was first purchased, which was re- 
placed by a better instrument in 1867, giveii by Hon. 
John Wyles. 

The order and character of the Sabbath morning ser- 
vice has not varied much from the first establishment of 
the church. The town clerk used to publish intentions 
of marriage just before the services closed. Rising in his 
seat, and saying, ** Please to take notice," he caused 
some commotion by his announcement of the intended 
marriage of parties, giving names. Since 1850, it is re- 
quired only, any time before marriage, to procure a cer- 
tificate from the town clerk, to be filled by the officiating 
minister, and returned by him. The afternoon service 
Was given up 1873, when Mr. Board man's health did not 
uUow him to officiate as before, and has never since been 
^resumed. When it was customary to have services both 
:inorning and afternoon, the intermission was only one 
tour, from November 1 to March 1, as the town voted, 
1808, modifying the vote which made the intermission 
one hour and a quarter, the year round. Doctor Vaill in- 
troduced the third service Sunday evening, and the Sun- 
day-school, about 1819. 

In Clark Brown's time, there was no evening service 
Sunday, or during the week. " Lecture day " was some 
Thursday, when a lecture was given preparatory to the 
services of *^ Sacrament day." Any Sunday, at the con- 

17 



130 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

venience of the minister, was taken for the administration 
of the Lord's Supper. Under Dr. Vaill, the Thursday 
afternoon meeting became a regular weekly service, and 
was so continued till 1868. Since that date, Friday even- 
ing has been the regular time for holding a social relig- 
ious meeting, and the Sunday evening meeting affords 
an opportunity for religious conference, different from the 
more formal, stated public worship of the morning. 

The social meetings of the church were held at some 
private tiouse, or at Browning's hall, rather than in the 
meeting-House. At last, in connection with the revival 
of 1818-20, an association was formed,* which procured 
from Mr. Jesse Hitchcock, the right, under certain condi- 
tions, to build a conference hall on the north-west comer 
of his village lot. A two-story building was erected, with 
a hall above and two rooms below, with an entrance hall 
between, which not only served for the social meetings of 
the church, but was used, the lower part, by Benjamin 
Salisbury and others for a tailor shop, for private schools, 
and for the military store-room of the independent rifle 
company. It was the scene of many gatherings, memo- 
rable still in the religious experience of some survivors. 
Often is reference made to one occasion when the dea- 
cons, knowing there would be no preacher, had kept 
away ; and Uncle Benjamin Sherman was induced to take 
charge of the meeting. Entering the desk, he made the 
announcement, "No minister, no deacon, no nothing, no 
preparation for nothing. Let's pray." But as the condi- 
tions on which the subscription was paid, and the land 
leased, in 1854, had been violated, on the death of Mr. 
Jesse Hitchcock, his son Alfred came into possession of the 
property. He sold the building to Truman Charles. It 
was moved to Fiskedale, where it now stands on the south 
side of the village street, and is used as a shoe manu- 
factory. 



CHURCH SERVICES. 131 

Some mention ought to be made of those useful ap- 
pendages, the horse-sheds, or " horse-houses," as they are 
called on the early records. The first record found bears 
date, 1752, May 15, when liberty was voted to Adonijah 
Russell, Ichabod Bliss, and Ebenezer Miller, " to set up a 
horse-house at y* West End, and adjoining to the horse- 
house now set up " Others obtained similar permission 
to build on the town land; Peter Haynes and Charles 
Hoar, James Bridgham, Williams Nichols, Jonathan 
Brown, Daniel Burt. 1792, April 2, it was voted that 
horse-houses may be built on the side of the wall, east 
side of the pound. 1808, November 7, a company was 
authorized to build sheds in a line, one hundred and 
eighty feet by twelve, west of the meeting-house. These 
were blown down in the gale of 1815. 1810, April 2, 
Joseph Griggs and others, had liberty to erect horse- 
blocks on the common. In 1825, the selectmen were 
authorized to view a place for horse-sheds. They fixed 
upon the north side of the street, north of the meeting- 
house, between the school-house and the store of Ferry 
& Bliss. They remained there for many years, though 
endangering, if they should be set on fire, the whole line 
of buildings to the eastward. In 1857, a company was 
formed, which purchased, west of the meeting-house, of 
Cheney Solander, an acre of land. On this, twenty-six 
sheds were erected, in a convenient, yet not conspicuous 
place. In May, 1860, a deed was given to the parish of 
the land on which the sheds were built, reserving the 
right of the shed owners, and stipulating that the land 
should be held by the parish for the purpose of afibrding 
room for these buildings. 

The fifrst Sunday-school was held in 1819. The lessons 
at first, were portions of Scripture committed to memory, 
and recited without inquiry or comment. Books were 
offered as prizes for the largest number of verses learned. 



]32 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The changes introduced have been similar to those made 
in other such schools. Topical question books have been 
supplanted by lesson papers. The study of Scripture, 
chapter by chapter, has been succeeded by the study of 
the international series of selected passages. Library 
books and newspapers have intensified the interest of the 
children in attending Sunday-school. Missionary collec- 
tions and temperance pledges have developed the senti- 
ment of the young, in favor of active, aggressive efibrt 
against evils that fill the world with degradation and mis- 
ery. Singing has been introduced of more agreeable 
style to youthful fancy, than the majestic choral music of 
the older times. An occasion of general interest was a 
Sunday-school gathering July 4, 1863. The scholars and 
teachers of Warren accepted an invitation from the Brim- 
field school, to a celebration and collation. A booth was 
built on the east end of the park, and ample provision 
made for the wants of the inner man. Brief addresses 
followed the procession and collation. September 15, 
1869, the semi-centennial anniversary of the organiza- 
tion of the school wi\s celebrated, by special exercises, in 
which the other schools of the Brookfield Association also 
united. In response to a call for the teachers and schol- 
ars of 1819, only ten arose. 

Adventists. — In xMarch, 1844, Dr. Alva Higgins and 
wife, and Miss Lavinia Collar, commenced holding meet- 
ings at the Conference Ilall, Brimfield Center ; these were 
continued at that place for about nine months, when a 
large room was rented in the Gen. Eaton house, which 
they occupied imtil 1859. From that time until the erec- 
tion of the Chapel, meetings were held at private houses ; 
in the fall of 1866 the Chapel was commenced, and fin- 
ished the following spring — size 28 x 35 feet — at an ex- 
pense of $1,200. The Christian Advent Society was 
organized July 6th, 1867 ; present number of members, 



SUNDAY-SCHOOL. 133 

twenty. They have never had a settled pastor ; usually 
meet every Sabbath ; have preaching about twice a 
month. Since 1843, the Advent Association have held 
five camp meetings in town, in 1844 and 1849, on the 
farm now occupied by E. B. Webber ; in 1846, at the east 
part of the town, on Harvey Goodell's place ; in 1847, on 
land of Alfred Lumbard ; in 1853, on land of James S. 
Blair, east of Mill Lane road. 

Church of Christ, East Brimfield. — ^In 1869, relig- 
ious meetings were held at school-house No. 2, East 
Brimfield, by P. Blaisdell, W. A. S. Smyth and others 
from Worcester; a church was organized July 25, 1869, 
with eighteen members ; Harvey Lumbard was chosen 
elder, John E. Lynch, deacon; in 1871, a church, 32x40 
feet, was built; cost, $3,000; dedicated January 5th, 
1872. " Before the summer of 1873, various persons 
preached for the church, occasionally ; among them P. 
Blaisdell, W. A. S. Smyth, A. Wood and A. B. Price of 
Worcester, H. U. Dale, William Murray, Howard Murray, 
J. M. Atwater. July 20th, 1873, 0. C. Atwater, formerly 
of Mantua Station, Ohio, commenced preaching and con- 
tinued one year." Afterward, James Dockery, of Wales, 
was employed for a year or more ; for a year or two past 
services have been held occasionally ; a Sabbath school 
has been organized, which meets every Sabbath. David 
Weld, who died December 12th, 1872, bequeathed five 
hundred dollars to the Society, payable five years after 
his decease, to be invested and the income used for the 
support of preaching. 

Moravians, or United Brethren. — A young preacher, 
sent by the Missionary Society, came to West Brimfield, 
(Powers* Corner,) 1855 or '56, and began to hold meet- 
ings ; there was considerable interest manifested, and his 
labors were so far successful that it was thought best to 
erect a church for the accommodation of that part of 



134 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Brimfield, and the adjoining territory in Palmer and 
Warren, and a church, 40x30 feet, was erected in 1857. 
This church was burned July 21, 1861; rebuilt in 1874, 
46 X 30 feet, and occupied until 1867. Several persons 
were employed as preachers until 1867, and occasionally 
meetings have been held by the pastors of the churches 
in Warren, Palmer and Brimfield. As the records of the 
organization of the Society are out of the State, further 
details cannot be had at this time. 

The first settlers of Brimfield were not all adherents of 
the " Standing order," as the Congregational church pol- 
ity was often called. Those who settled in that part of 
Brimfield which is now the town of Wales, were from the 
very first of a different religious persuasion. 1734, No- 
vember 22, according to the law then in force in regard 
to the support of the ministry, eleven persons signed oflF 
from the parish : " We whose names are Underwritten Do 
own and Acknowledge Ourselves to Be of that persuasion 
commonly Called Anabaptists. Nathaniel Hunger, Dor- 
othy Hunger, Elnathan Hunger, Robert Houlton, Eben- 
ezer Houlton, Anthony Needham, Humphrey Needham, 
John Bullen, John Bullen, Jr., Thomas Green, Thomas 
Green, Jr." Ebenezer Houlton was the leader in this 
affair. Though not a regularlj'^ ordained minister, he 
officiated as the preacher. He was ordained pastor 1741, 
November 4, by Elder John CoUendar, of Newport, R. I. 
It was the eighth Baptist church formed in Hassachusetts. 
Between 1663 and 1763, only eighteen in all were 
founded. When in 1749, Elder Houlton began to preach 
in Sturbridge, he was arrested by the constables, and put 
in jail as a vagabond. A petition from Anthony Need- 
ham, Enoch Hides and others. 1757, March 14, for liberty 
to build a meeting-house " in the highway that leadeth 
from Brimfield to Stafford in the most Convenient place, 
near the New Dwelling-house of Ebenezer Houlton," 



SOCIAX CUSTOMS AND CONVENIENCES. 135 

marks the probable time of its erection. It stood, till torn 
down in 1802, a few feet north of the present Town Hall 
of Wales, which was originally the meeting-house built 
ty the Baptist church after this first building had be- 
come unserviceable. Further items in regard to this 
church organization belong more appropriately to the 
local history of Wales. 

The Brimfield in which we live and meet to-day, can 
not be compared or contrasted in detail, with the place 
as it was one hundred and seventy-five years ago. No 
picture nor description can reproduce the appearance of 
the town, even as it was fifty years ago. The towns and 
cities that in the Western States will spring up in a few 
months of mushroom growth, will often as quickly lose 
their short-lived prosperity. One marked change in 
Brimfield is that gradually brought about, so that very 
few families are living now on the estates first occupied 
by some ancestor of the same family name. The changes 
that time has made may have been slow, but they have 
been very great. 

The first settlers probably built log-houses. Some log- 
houses were occupied as late as 1810. As soon as saw- 
mills were erected and roads made passable, the people 
began to frame buildirigs. These were probably of one 
story only. The oldest of these buildings is, in part, that 
recently altered and now occupied by Mr. Lucius A. Cut- 
ler. The house of John Sherman, near this, is built in 
the style of the first framed houses. The next style 
adopted was that after which Mr. Jesse Hitchcock built 
various houses in the village. A good example is that 
lately occupied by Deacon Paige, of two stories, with a 
huge chimney in the middle. The house was built with 
its length along the line of the street, as was also the 
roof with its steep pitch. In the front of the house were 
two rooms, between which was the door opening into a 



136 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

I 

narrow passage-way. The bull's eyes over the door or 
on the sides were panes of bottle glass, flattened, but with 
a knob in the center. From the passage-way doors opened 
to each front room, and a stair-case turning twice at right 
angles with landings in the corners, led to the chambers 
above. The kitchen and dining-room occupied most of 
the rear half. A small bed-room was cut oflf from one 
end ; the side door, a pantry, and cellar-way occupied the 
other end. In the generous fire-place was room enough 
to roll in a generous four-foot back-log. So large was this 
log, that while it were apocryphal to say that it was drawn 
in by a yoke of oxen, it is a fact that a hand-spike was 
often used to move it, and at each turn its weight would 
shake the house. In the side of the fire-place was the big 
brick oven, which imparted such delicious savoriness to 
our grandmothers' cookery. A cupboard above held a 
very miscellaneous collection — books and crockery and 
herbs. Hooks in the ceiling of the kitchen held long 
poles, from which hung strings of apples cut for drying, 
or slices of yellow pumpkin. A door opened out from the 
kitchen into the wood-house, and the various out-buildings 
beyond. House painters' colors did not come into com- 
mon use till after the Revolution ; red paint was at first 
most extensively used, because cheapest and most durable. 
The next style, which was common about 1800, was 
square, with the roof running up to a point in the center, 
like the house built by Ichabod Bliss for a tavern, after- 
wards occupied by Dr. Knight, and more recently by the 
Wales family. Succeeding this style was that of a more 
ambitious attempt at architectural elegance, with pillars 
and portico after the fashion of a Doric temple. The 
Wyles house is a fine specimen of this style. Then came 
a period in which comfort and economy were consulted 
rather than elegance, in those houses built with their 
gables to the street. Piazzas were built around these, 



f 


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JdCkoflH 




#4 








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^1 


■it 'I 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS AND CONVENIENCES. 137 

giving some impression of grace, as well as comfort. Of 
the Gothic cottage style, which, under the advocacy of 
Jl. J. Downing, was at one time so popular in the country, 
Ave have not a single building. But of the recent style 
of villa residence, with Mansard roof, turreted observatory, 
5ind a'^multitude of conveniences and ornaments, we have 
a strikingly beautiful dwelling, now in process of erection 
for Mr. Elijah T. Sherman, of New York. 

Next to the changes in the dwellings, changes in the 
style of clothing may claim our attention. Brimfield has 
always been a farming town. There never have been at 
any one time resident in the place families enough of su- 
perior wealth or social position to constitute a little clique 
hy themselves of pretentious aristocracy. The style of 
dress has, like the style of the dwellings, been in good 
taste, because conformed to the condition of society in 
the town. The style of dress in the colonial period is 
familiar to us from pictures of the Continental soldier. 
Capt. John Sherman wore such a dress. He was the last 
one who persisted in the use of the cocked hat, the small 
clothes, knee buckles and low cut shoos. Intercourse 
with the French during the Revolution, led to the intro- 
duction of French fashions into this country. Our facili- 
ties for commercial intercourse and for traveling, make 
possible the frequent changes of later years, and make 
impossible, too, the assumption of any style of dress as 
characteristic of any one's superior position in society. 
Until 1821, the era of the great cotton factories of Lowell 
and Lawrence, the clothing worn was almost entirely of 
domestic manufacture. Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the 
Treasury for 1800, says in his report for that year, that 
two-thirds of all the clothing and table linen yearly pro- 
duced, was of family manufacture. Broadcloth, or ker- 
seymere, was woven in hand looms. The wool was cut 
from sheep raised on the farm. It was washed and 

18 



138 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

greased with goose oil, and carded. About 1800, wool 
began to be carded by machinery. There were several 
carding machines run by water power in different sections 
of the town. George Puffer carded wool in this way as 
late as 1874, though of course such work was only done 
for some few who kept up some old ways. The wool was 
spun into yarn by the farmers' wives and daughters. 
These also pulled the flax, rotted it, spun the linen or 
tow thread, and wove shirtings and sheetings ; or, after 
dyeing the thread, wove stripes and checks for garments. 
Tow cloth was in common use for ordinary summer wear. 
Winter clothing was of home-made cloth, dyed indigo blue 
or butternut brown. The blue dye tub stood in the chim- 
ney corner, and was a favorite seat. Boys and men went 
barefoot during the summer season, and boys wore no 
hat in warm weather till they were ten or twelve years 
old. 

Brief mention only can be made of changes in social 
habits and conveniences. Hospitality was the prominent 
characteristic of social life. Every raising of a frame 
was attended by neighbors in crowds. The minister of- 
fered prayer. The workmen and assistants paraded on 
the ridge pole. A bottle of liquor was passed from hand 
to mouth along the line, and some rhymes said by those 
at each end. 

Frequent gatherings of neighbors for tea-parties or 
turkey-suppers, apple bees, husking bees, spinning bees, 
quilting bees, furnished almost the only amusement. The 
very name shows that our ancestors knew how to turn 
work into play, or to find enjoyment in pleasures that 
were profitable as well as social. Dancing parties were 
common, and several houses in town have rooms, with 
high arched ceilings, that were rented for such assemblies. 

" These were tliy charms, sweet village ! S2>orts like these 
With sweet successiou taught e'en toil to please." 



SOCIAL CUSTOMS AND CONVENIENCES. 139 

" Candlewood," often mentioned in the old deeds, was 
gathered in the fall. Stunted or diseased hard pine trees 
had old knots, which were full of pitch. A splinter gave 
a tolerable light. This was generally all the light winter 
evenings, except the blaze from the hearth. Whale oil 
was not commonly used, and the beef killed not so fat as 
to furnish much tallow. Tallow candles were made by 
pouring into moulds, or more commonly by dipping, and 
candle making was one of the important days of the 
household, as was also the making of sausages and of 
lard. The tinder box and flints were as common, but not 
as convenient articles of household use as the matches 
now in common use. 

Floors were scrubbed, and sanded when wet. Old peo- 
ple objected to painted floors because they were slippery. 
The first carpets were introduced about 1802. They were 
made of square pieces of cloth sewed together, and orna- 
mented with various patterns cut from differently colored 
cloth, and sewed on. Then came woven carpets, not at 
first covering the whole floor. Rag carpets, for which 
some women have a mania even now, began to be made 
about 1814. Kitchen stoves of cast-iron, were not intro- 
duced till 1820. These wer^, at that time, made in Staf- 
ford. The crane and pot-hooks of the old fire-place, the 
hearth and its bed of hot ashes, were rude helps enough, 
but the cookery of our grandmothers was free from such 
abominations as the saleratus biscuit and fried beefsteak. 
Potatoes, introduced about 1733, were for sixty years a 
rarity eaten with roast meat, equally rare. The farmers' 
dinner was the common boiled dish, salt beef or pork, 
cabbage and turnips, and Indian pudding. No "model" 
cook stove of our days can furnish such an array of deli- 
cious pies, as from the brick oven of olden times gar- 
nished the Thanksgiving-day dinner. Nor does the Sun- 
day dinner of rye and Indian bread and baked beans. 



140 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

taste quite as toothsome now, as when, left in the oven 
from the Saturday previous, it greeted the family on 
their return home after the parson's arguments up to 
seventeenthly in the morning service, and the application 
to the various classes of hearers in the afternoon. 

Carts were used for farm work ; wagons appeared first 
about 1790. In 1753, when a special tax on coaches was 
levied by the State, to encourage '' the linnen manufac- 
ture," there were only two private carriages in Hamp- 
shire County. They were owned by Moses Porter, of 
Hadley, and Israel Williams, of Hatfield. 

Horseback riding was at first the common mode of trav- 
eling. The pillion furnished a seat behind the saddle for 
wife or daughter, sister or sweetheart. The two-horse 
farm wagon with the common long-backed chairs put in for 
seats, was at first the usual vehicle for riding. Nathaniel 
Charles bad the first four-wheeled one-horse wagon in 
town. The seat was mounted on a long wooden spring, 
fastened at the back end of the wagon. Squire Pynchon 
was so much pleased with it, that, instead of going to 
Boston on horseback as he usually did, when elected to 
the Legislature, he hired Nat. Charles to carry him in his 
new wjigon. The introduction of the one-horse carryall 
has made it possible for many more of the family to ride 
to " meeting," than when our farmers had only a chaise 
or a top-buggy. 

One record of the town, in its early history, is worthy 
of special notice. 1741, March 19, voted, " That the Land 
Bank shall pass in this town to pay our taxes, or rates." 
The explanation is this. The ^* Ijand Bank " was incor- 
porated by the General Court, in accordance wilii a 
scheme presented, 1739, December 5. It was author- 
ized to issue £150,000 in bills, which were to pass as 
lawful money, every note of £1 to pass as the equivalent 
of 3 oz. silver ; bills to be redeemed in goods in twenty 



CURRENCY. 141 

years. It was an association of seven hundred or eight 
hundred persons. Its capital stock consisted of mortgages 
of real estate at three per cent. Its loans were to be 
paid in provincial produce, or manufactures. If the proj- 
ect could have been carried out, the bank would have 
owned the province in a few years' time. The scheme 
Tiras favored by many who declared that it should succeed 
in spite of governors or acts of Parliament. The land- 
hank party elected a majority of the representatives, and 
chose a speaker who was in favor of the measure. It was 
a scheme, from the very first, opposed by Governor Bel- 
cher, and the vote of the town to receive its bills was in 
direct opposition to a proclamation by Governor Belcher, 
1740, July 17. The bank was finally compelled to sur- 
render its charter. The bill holders w^re authorized to 
sue the directors for the amount of their bills, and it was 
many years before its afiairs were settled. 

The scarcity of money in colonial times, induced vari- 
ous expedients to supply the deficiency. In 1702, bills 
of credit, paper currency, due bills signed by authorized 
commissioners of each colony, began to be issued, rang- 
ing, in value, from 2s. to £5, and made legal tender in 
payment of all public dues. A certain amount was voted 
by the General Court, and distributed to each county in 
sums proportionate to its tax list. Springfield received 
£627 as its proportion of the issue of 1721, and let it out 
on mortgages of real estate, at five per cent. This paper 
money became so depreciated, that Rev. Mr. Bridgham's 
salary of £140 as voted in 1736, was, in 1746, reckoned 
at £246; in 1747, at £350; and in 1748, at £455. In 
1749, the General Court voted a tax of £75,000 to be 
used in redeeming the old currency, at the rate of four 
to one in the new currency issued at that time. By 
order of the General Court, town accounts were to be 
kept in both old tenor and lawful money, as the old paper 



142 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

currency and silver coin, or the new bills, were called 
by way of distinction. In 1752, March 16, the town offi- 
cers were re-chosen, the persons chosen at first not hay- 
ing taken the oath prescribed by the General Court, that 
they had not been concerned in paying or receiving any 
bills of credit of other provinces. The object was to 
drive out the currency of the adjoining colonies. A spe- 
cial act of the legislature made valid the doings of the 
town and town officers. The necessities of Congress in 
the War of Independence made imperative the issue of 
bills of credit in such quantities, that they rapidly depre- 
ciated in value, till finally it took almost a wagon load of 
money to buy a wagon load of produce. Paper dollars 
compared in worth to silver, as $105.00 to $100.00 in 
1777; $325.00 in 1778; $742.00 in 1779; $2,934.00 in 
January, 1780; $7,400.00 in December, 1780; when the 
paper currency became practically worthless. Many who 
had sold surplus lands, or hoarded up their pay for service 
in the army, in the belief that this Continental money 
would ultimately be redeemed, lost it all, often all they 
were worth. Counterfeits of this currency, also abounded. 
In 1782, May 16, it was voted that the collector of taxes, 
Capt. John Sherman, should be allowed, in the settlement 
of his account, £270 which had been paid him in counter- 
feit money. In 1786, Congress ordered that gold, silver 
and copper currency should be minted, and the public ac- 
counts kept in dollars, cents, and mills. It was in 1795, 
that the legislature ordered that town accoimts should be 
kept in dollars and cents ; yet the reckoning by pounds^ 
shillings and pence, was kept in use for some years after 
1800. In 1796, occurs the first instance on the town rec- 
ords of the use of the character ($) for dollars. 

No more marked change in social habits can be men- 
tioned, than the change in the drinking usages of our 
community. It is presumed that previous to the Revolu- 



DRINKING USAGES. 143 

tion, nothing stronger than cider or beer was a common 
beverage. Charges of bushels of malt are found in old 
account books. Seven to ten bushels constituted the or- 
dinary supply of a family for a year. Dim recollec- 
tions are mentioned, of an old malt house that stood near 
the brook in Mr. Wyles' lot, opposite the Hitchcock 
school. The loose army life induced habits- of dissipa- 
tion, and the erection of distilleries made cider brandy an 
article abundantly supplied. Flip, a mixture of rum and 
beer, half a pint of rum to a quart mug of beer, stirred 
with a red-hot iron ; and toddy, a mixture of rum and wa- 
ter with sugar and nutmeg, stirred in with a toddy stick, 
were the favorite drinks. The notion prevailed that such 
alcoholic beverages were needful, both for men and for 
women, to bring out or to retain the full physical strength. 
Mowers in the hay-field needed frequent potations. Min- 
isters in their association meetings, attendants at funerals, 
all social gatherings, must be provided with an abundant 
supply of alcoholic beverages. The people were fast be- 
coming a set of drunkards. The most frequent charges 
in the store-keepers' books were for rum, or wine, or for 
brandy. In an old account book kept by a neighbor of 
Rev. Nehemiah Williams, rum was charged to the parson 
several times, and at the foot of one account we read, 
" this all settled except the rum." 

Cider brandy was distilled in three or four places in the 
town. Men drank up their farms, spending for liquor 
more than they could earn. Westward of the store on 
the corner, might be seen, every spring, a double row of 
barrels, showing how large a quantity of liquor was sold 
every winter. Cider, after 1728, was made in large quan- 
tities, and in some families a hundred barrels would be 
only the year's supply. Public attention was at length 
aroused to the alarming prevalence of drunkenness. The 
Massachusetts Society for the Suppression of Intemper- 



144 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ance was formed in Boston, 1813, February 5. It aimed 
only to prevent excessive drinking. But Christian people, 
ministers and laymen, knew not for a long time what 
could be done to arrest the spread of intemperance. It 
is said that a committee \vas sent by the church, in the 
neighboring town of Sturbridge, to remonstrate with a 
brother, w^ho was thought guilty of drinking to excess. 
He welcomed them cordially, and as it was a cold night, 
urged them to take a little *• su'thin' " to warm them. 
This disposed of, they intimated that they had come on a 
business errand. But he never did any business without 
taking a little " something " first, and his visitors approv- 
ed his practice and took " something." But so protracted 
was this sacred rite of hospitality, and so absorbing, that 
the errand w^as forgotten. The next day, the committee 
reported to the church, that they had visited the brother, 
and were happy to report that he had given them Chris- 
tian satisfaction. 

When the Litchfield Association, moved by a sermon 
preached by one of the ministers, on the evils of drunk- 
enness, appointed a committee to consider measures for 
repressing the vice, that committee, after five years' de- 
liberation, reported that nothing could be done. Dr. 
Lyman Beecher moved that the committee be discharged 
and another appointed, with instructions to report forth- 
with. He was appointed in accordance with this motion, 
and reported that Christian people should agree to use 
no more ardent spirits. The idea was taken up, and 
urged upon people, from the pulpits of New England, 
and after the adoption of the principle of total abstinence 
by the American Temperance Society, (organized, 1826, 
February 13,) the temperance reformation was in the full 
tide of successful agitation. It was difficult, at firsts to 
refute the charge of meanness and inhospitiility, if friends 
were not invited to take something to drink. After 1828, 



INDUSTRIAL mSTORY. 145 

the custom of proffering liquor, to every visitor, had en- 
tirely passed away. Until 1838, there was no backward 
movement in the current of this reform. 1848, July 4, 
there was a grand celebration of the successful effort to 
close the liquor-selling hotel. Amid the various changes 
in methods of associated effort, or legislative enactment, 
the general sentiment of this community has been in fa- 
vor of the most advanced and pronounced temperance 
principles. 

The great changes that have taken place in the indus- 
trial life of the community, and in the appliances for per- 
forming the varied work of life, deserve special mention. 
It was the cultivation of the soil that first attracted set- 
tlers to this region, and the pursuit of agriculture has 
ever been the chief occupation of the people. In no 
other business of life, it is said, do we find those engaged 
in it, so firmly attached to old methods, and so opposed 
to all innovation, as in farming. But I believe that a 
similar statement can be as truthfully made of every 
other calling. It is a principle of human nature that 
leads a young man to do as his father and his grandfather 
did before him, knowing well the dislike he may expect 
to meet if he does differently from other people. What 
interest was excited when the young farmer of 1818 
brought home a cast-iron plow to replace the old wooden 
mold-board plow. " It will break to pieces at the first 
trial," said the old folks, and young Cyril R. Brown was 
afraid he had made a mistake, when he fouud a crack in 
his iron plow. But castings, in those days, were not very 
smooth, and bog ore made very tough iron. Eaton Hitch- 
cocky the blacksmith who first learned of Capt. Judah 
Lyon, of Woodstock, how to make the patent iron plows 
of Jeptha Wood, assured his over-fearful customer that it 
was only a sand-crack — only an imperfection, not the 
ruin he had imagined that it was. The real superiority 

19 



146 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

of the plows stood the test of trial, notwithstanding the 
superstitious objection frequently made, that iron would 
poison the soil. With better plowing began also an era 
of deeper plowing. Then followed a controversy about 
the comparative merits of shallow furrows, or stirring the 
sub-soil. The wasteful exhaustion of the fertility of the 
soil, taking off crop after crop, draining all the elements 
of vegetable nutrition, never replacing them, as is now 
done, with composts and fertilizers of all sorts, has had 
its natural result. Much of the land, for instance, in the 
north-eastern section of the town, once accounted most 
valuable, is now so deficient in bone-producing elements, 
that sheep pastured on the hill-side there, will have the 
foot-ail in three years' time. Associated with tlie igno- 
rance of agricultural science, was the superstition that 
made new obstacles rather than removed difficulties. 
Flaxseed, for instance, was pot to be sown till the moon 
was on the wane and nearest the shape of a flaxseed. 
But calves mustbe weaned, onion seed sown, pork killed 
during the increase of the moon. Changes in the prod- 
ucts needed for the wants of the community, have pro- 
duced corresponding changes in the system of agricul- 
ture. Wheat was never raised to any great amount. 
Rye was the staple grain cultivated for bread. Rye 
doughnuts, that would now be thought capital things 
for foot-balls, were eaten and relished as only vigor- 
ous appetites can make food relish. The economical 
house-keeper would make of rye meal the under crust 
of the pie, reserving wheat flour for the upper crust. 
And so we have our common phrase in regard to other 
people's betters — the upper crust. But the fertile prai- 
ries and big flouring mills of the West, and the railroads 
bringing their products ahnost to our doors, have made 
wheat flour cheaper and more abundant than rye was 
fifty years ago. When Marquis Converse kept the hotel. 



SPECULATIONS. 147 

some visitor who knew the style of cookery in vogue, 
sang out : 

"Upper crust, wheat; under crust, rye; 
Mrs. Converse, I'll take some more of that pie." 

1731, the General Court offered special bounties for five 
years for raising flax, but now it is no longer raised, even 
for the seed. There are few now living who can tell the 
various processes through which the flax passed after it 
was pulled and rotted. For a time farmers fatted pork 
and carried it to Boston. Now, very few manage to raise 
and pack more than is needed for home consumption. 
The farmer of this generation would think A journey to 
Boston to sell his produce, an absurd undertaking. * Un- 
cle' Lyman Upham used to tell of going to Boston with 
a load of pork, and taking some dressed poultry also. On 
his way he stopped at a tavern, and sold a turkey for fifty 
cents. On his return, he stopped at the same tavern, 
and needing dinner a little in advance of the regular 
hour, the same turkey, stuffed and roasted, was set before 
him. Riding always gives one a good appetite, and 
* Uncle ' Lyman soon left nothing but bones. He paid 
fifty cents for his dinner, and thought that for once in his 
life he had got the best of a bargain. 

Wages were very low, but the farm help was usually 
some young man in the neighborhood. He had a char- 
acter to maintain, as well as his livelihood to make. He 
served his employer faithfully for what would be called 
the merest pittance now ; but he was economical in his 
habits, and had fifty dollars coming to him out of the 
sixty dollars due for six months' work and board. We 
must not think that those were " hard times." That is 
one of the growths of. later years. Plain food, out-door 
life, simple amusements, made these quiet farmer folk 
happy and contented. 



148 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

" Their best companions innocence and health, 
And their best riches ignorance of wealth. 
Thrice happy they who crown in scenes like these 
A youth of labor with an age of ease." 

Farmers have not been free from the excitement of 
speculative prices for particular products. Many will 
remember, for instance, the " Morus Multicaulis " mania 
of 1839. The attempt had been made at various times, 
not only to establish the silk manufacture in this country, 
but also to rear silk worms, which it was stated was an 
industry that could be carried on at home without inter- 
fering with ordinary avocations. Mulberry cuttings, 
called trees if they were over twelve inches high, were 
sold from twenty to fifty cents each by the thousand, in 
the nursery. Mulberry buds were sold at fabulous prices. 
Massachusetts, and other States, offered bounties for rais- 
ing silk. But the whole enterprise, mulberries, silk worms 
and silk factories, came to grief, when the test of practi- 
cability was applied. 

The greatest change in dairy farming has been the 
substitution of the co-operative cheese factory for the 
farmer's cheese-room. Instead of the laborious processes 
of former days, keeping many a farmer's wife, with some 
stout boy, constantly busy in making or curing the cheese, 
the work is now done for them by two or three persons, 
who, with the aid of steam and various labor-saving con- 
trivances, take care of the milk from hundreds of cows. 

The Worcester County cheese-factory was built in 1864 
(the first one in Massachusetts). It went into operation 
in April, and closed in October, 1864. Capital invested, 
$4,600; which has since been raised to $5,200. 

Whole amount of milk, ..... 936,916 pounds. 

Whole amount of cheese, 92,100 " 

Milk for a pound of cheese, .... 10.1 " 

Number of cows, about 400. 

Net price of cheese paid to the farmer, . $19.18 per 100 " 

Total, $17,664 78 



MANUFACTURES . 149 

1867. 

Whole amount of milk, 2,045,209 pounds. 

Whole amount of cheese, 202,239 " 

Number of cows, about 650. 

Milk for a pound of cheese, 10.11 " 

Net price of cheese paid to the farmers, . $12.27 per 100 " 

Total, $24,830 09 

1876. 

Whole amount of milk, 701^89 pounds. 

Whole amount of cheese, ..... 69,464 " 

Milk for one pound of cheese, .... 10.09 '* 

Net price paid to the farmers, . . . $9.13 per 100 " 

Total, $6,346 23 

In 1870, the Brimfield cheese factory company organ- 
ized with a capital of $2,400. The farm barn of Silas C. 
Herring, Esq., was purchased, and refitted for this busi- 
ness. The last year it made, in two and one-half months, 
14,000 pounds of cheese, sold at 12i cents a pound, 
which brought $1,750. 

Potash was made in a very wasteful way by the early 
settlers. The land was cleared by felling the trees, which 
were piled twenty or thirty together. After a few weeks 
drying, these piles were set on fire and kept burning till 
entirely consumed. The ashes were leached in big ves- 
sels, by pouring upon them a quantity of water repeat- 
edly, till it was as strong a lye as could thus be obtained. 
This was then boiled down till a crude potash was left, 
as the residuum after evaporation. Tliis was cleansed in 
a very rude way, and then packed in barrels for market. 
Potash kettles used to stand on the south side of the 
road, near Dea. Dauphin Brown's, nearly opposite where 
Dea. Solomon Homer used to live. Tar was made in a 
similar wasteful way. A large tract of land in the south- 
ern part of what is now Monson, is called in the Propri- 
etors' Book, Resin Plain. Dr. James Lawrence, who lived 
in what is now Wales, had on his land a tar kiln. The 



ISO HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

fat pine logs were heaped in a pile, and a trench dug 
around it. The logs were set on fire, and the resinous 
ooze that ran out under the heat into the trench was 
scooped up and packed in casks for sale. Charcoal burn- 
ing, for a time, was somewhat extensively carried on. 
The Blanchards' scythe factory in Palmer, the iron works 
at Brookfield and in Stafford, once made a market for 
wood lands and for charcoal. The railroad company for^ 
merly took numberless loads of wood, but the increasing 
use of coal has made firewood cheap. It is with diffi- 
culty, now, that the farmer can get the privilege of fur- 
nishing the railroad with chestnut sleepers, or sleepers of 
any kind of wood. 

Pottery making was once a branch of industry in the 
town. The clay was dug out of Sherman's pond, the 
water being dammed out when the pond was low, so 
that clay pits could be dug at the south end of the 
pond. James Moore, in a shop on the side-hill back of 
where Mrs. Alfred Pierce now lives, made earthen milk- 
pans. Bricks have been made in various parts of the 
town. Those used in building the Russell house, on the 
road to Sturbridge, were burned from clay dug in Stone- 
iard's Meadow. James and Dady Blodget had a brick- 
yard in the north-west part of the town, on Penny brook, 
near the Palmer road. A. W. Grossman & Son have a 
brick-yard now in operation a little farther north, with a 
track connecting it with the Boston and Albany rail- 
road, previously owned by Morris and Hiram C Powera 
Bricks were made by Sylvanus Thompson on his place, 
now the " Poor Farm " ; also by Major Nathaniel Parker, 
and his son, Nathaniel, Jr., on the farm now owned by 
Porter A. Parker. 

At one time there was a malt house or brewery west of 
the lower Holland road, on land now belonging to Alfred 
Lumbard. Malt was made at "Little Rest" by William 



TRADES. 151 

Blashfield, in the building now used by Alfred Blashfield 
for a wagon shop. At East Brimfield, Lieut. Alfred 
Allen had a distillery ; Col. Issachar Brown, one on Nich- 
ols' hill, afterwards carried on by C. B. Brown, at the 
place now owned by Emory Livermore. Cider brandy 
i^aa the article manufactured, for which a license was 
taken out as required by law, and Lyon, Wyles & Nor- 
cross had a still for this in 1816, on Mr. Wyles' land, east 
of the brook. 

In Alexander Hamilton's Report on the Manufactures 
of the United States in 1791, it is stated that only the 
manufacture of wool hats supplied the actual demand. 
Every town of any size had its hatter's shop, and the 
home sales usually kept the hatter busy at work. The 
first hatter in Brimfield of whom I have found any trace 
was Elisha Avery, who had his shop where Mr. Edward 
W. Potter now lives. He became deeply embarrassed by 
debts incurred, left town one night, and nothing was ever 
heard from him afterwards. Gad Hitchcock, the father of 
S. A. Hitchcock, Esq., was a hatter by trade, and worked 
at the business till changes in the manufacture made it no 
longer profitable to carry it on. John Moore, 1797, and 
George W. Bates, were engaged in this business during the 
periods designated. Joel L. Fuller, (afterwards Fuller & 
Ticknor,) for several years carried on the business quite 
extensively ; too much so for success with the limited 
capital at their command. Business was afterward car- 
ried on by Luke Parsons, for several years. 

Another trade that, like the hatter's, was once an active 
industry of the town, but now abandoned, is the tailor's. 
^William Moore and Thomas Moore were the first tailors. 
TThe Moore family lived where Ira B. Brown now resides, 
benjamin Salisbury, or Captain Salisbury, as he was com- 
:Mionly called, at one time did a very large business. He 
learned his trade in Boston, and cut in better style than 



152 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

was usual at the time. He employed half a dozen girls 
to sew. He built the house where Mr. Blair now lives. 
Afterwards he removed to Stafford, Conn. About the 
same time Dea. Charles Barrows, and aft^er him his son 
Eli Barrows, carried on the trade, employing several 
hands in their shop. Aaron Hobbs' name I find men- 
tioned as a tailor here in 1815. Others who have been 
in this business are Stephen Needham, Simon B. Ward, 
William Butterfield, Andrew Mills, and Josiah Burley. 
J. F. Frederickson was the last tailor that resided in 
town. He was a native of Germany, and returned to his 
native country when he gave up working at his trade 
here. 

When every family expected to make at home the 
clothing needed by every one of the household, when 
the cloth of linen, cotton, or woolen, was woven in the 
hand-loom that was a part of the usual household furni- 
ture in every fanner's home, the business of dressing 
woolen cloths furnished employment for some individuals 
in almost every town. These clothing-works, as they 
were called, were built on small brooks that furnished 
sufficient water power to turn the rude machinery em- 
ployed to assist in the processes of carding the wool, full- 
ing the cloth, or dressing it, ready to be made up into gar- 
ments. Mr. Brown had his clothing-works at the foot 
of Danielson hill, on the north side of Erwin's brook. 
These works included a carding machine and building for 
same ; also clothing-works in another building ; a part of 
the time both being owned by the same person, at other 
times, separate owners. The now almost obliterated 
traces of the dam and sluice, and of the foundations of 
the buildings, are all that mark the spot which once was 
one of the business centers of the town. Alvah Flynt, 
Rufus Flynt, Thomas Wells, Joel Garfield, Russell Gar- 
field, Emery Wight, Theodore Field, Luke Church, and 



TRADES. 163 

n Newton, succeeded Brown. About 1847, Daniel N. 
jen bought the clothing-works at the foot of Danielson 
, and fitted up the shops for a tanning and currying 
iness, and the business was commenced by Charles G. 
nan. A controversy arising as to the right of the 
ler to flow the land of the town (the pauper farm), 

town bought the premises and the buildings were 
1 and removed. On the north side of the road to 
rbridge, where it turns abruptly from the road to East 
mfield, Albigence Newell had his clothing-worka His 
tn has been used, of late years, for weaving rag carpets, 
the falls in East Brimfield where the cotton factory 
3 afterwards built, Asa Gates, for many years, had his 
thier's shop and fulling mill. He sold out to Joseph 
ier, and moved to Monson. Other persons, who car- 
1 on the business on the same site, subsequently, were 

Clapp, Mr. Blodgett, Jairus and Elijah Abbot. Theo- 
e Field built clothing- works, south. of the grist-mill 
Eaton pond, about 1800. He sold in 1810 to Maj. 
thaniel Parker, who sold the land and buildings, in 
L4, to Absalom Lumbard, who continued in the business 
near the time of his death. Oliver Blair was also a 
sser and clothier, having his shop just over the line 
Warren, near Linus Homer's mill, 
rhe mill privilege at East Brimfield is supposed to 
re been first used for a saw and grist-mill by William 
les. He lived on the Janes farm, where Capt. Wm. J. 
jrman now lives. In the winter time, he would ride on 
and sled over the snow down to his mill. Frequently 
would find thirteen or fourteen customers waiting for 
1, who had come with their hand sleds and a jag of 
in from the various neighboring towns : Union, Hol- 
d, and Wales. This mill was afterwards owned by 
eg Cheney Janes, who lived where Edwin A. Janes 
V resides. But at length, 1815, February 20, in con- 

20 



154 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

nection with Col. Israel E. Trask, Elias Carter, Augustus 
Janes, and Elijah Abbot, Mr. Janes formed the Brimfield 
Cotton and Woolen Manufacturing Company, contributing 
for his share, the dam and water privilege. The com- 
pany put up a wooden factory building, four stories high. 
Mr. Carter built, for himself, the house in which Albigence 
Newell lived for so many years. The tenement houses, 
and Mr. Varney's house, as well as the one next this and 
the other on the opposite side of the street, ^were built a 
few years later. When the frame of the factory was 
raised, Cheney Janes said that such buildings usually paid 
for themselves in two years ; he would be content if this 
building paid for itself in three years' time. Alas ! the 
enterprise proved unsuccessful, and in less than three 
years' time bankrupted most of those who had engaged 
in it. The Victories did not, at first, make cotton cloth. 
They carded the cotton and spun the warp. This was 
sold to be mixed with wool in making satinets, or distrib- 
uted around among the weavers who had looms at home^ 
to be by them woven into cloth. The account books of 
the store-keepers of Brimfield, in 1814, show credits for 
weaving so many yards of cloth at so much per yard. It 
must be remembered that the cotton manufacture was at 
that time in its infancy. 

The power loom was invented in 1785, by Rev. Dr. 
Cartwright. Stringent laws and watchful custom-house 
officers prevented the exportation of machinery from 
England. But Samuel Slater, who came to Pawtucket^ 
R. L, from England, in 1789, brought over in his head, 
such familiar knowledge of cotton machinery, that he 
built machines which were in use in the mill there, as 
late as till 1830. It was through his employment by 
the Slaters, that Mr. S. A. Hitchcock became connected 
with the manufacturing interest, from which he derived 
so large a proportion of his wealth. 



TRADES. 155 

The factory at East Brimfield passed into the hands of 
Colonel Trask, who mortgaged the property, in 1816, to 
Wyles, Lyon, and Norcross. Artemas Wisewell, of Brim- 
field, and others in Monson, formed, in 1815, the Union 
Cotton Factory Company. These two companies had their 
names changed in 1820, February 14 ; and June 12, of 
the same year, were united under the name of the Mon- 
son and Brimfield Manufacturing Company. In 1834, 
it came into the possession of Porter & Perry. Dea- 
con Porter, in 1844, withdrew from the concern, con- 
centrating his interests in Monson. Mr. Perry's sons 
then became partners with him, and on his death, suc- 
ceeded to the management. On the death of Ezra Perry, 
Jr., in 1852, the property was sold. 

In 1853, Hartwell & Whitney, of Ware, bought the fac- 
tory and commenced the manufacture of cotton goods ; 
in 1854, it was burned. Eebuilt of stone, stuccoed, the 
north building was occupied by S. Packard, from 1856 to 
1865, for the manufacture of shoe-makers' kits of tools. 
In 1865, it was bought by Charles Varney, who has oc- 
cupied it since then for making machines for pegging 
shoes. He also bought, at the same time, of Stearns & 
Owen, the saw-mill and grist-mill on the south side, which 
they" had purchased in 1858. 

Grist-mills were among the prime necessities of the 
first settlers, and special inducements were offered for 
their erection. The first grist-mill in town was built by 
Ezra King, before 1753, on Elbow brook. This grist-mill 
of Ezra King's, was afterwards owned by Harvey and 
Ziba Fenton, then by James Bacon. David Parker and 
Cheney Solander succeeded them in the ownership of the 
property ; afterwards Abner and Samuel Nichols. 

November 3, 1856, a company was organized under 
the name of the Brimfield Stockinet Company, who pur- 
chased the saw and grist-mill on Elbow brook, previously 



156 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

owned by Abner Nichols, and erected a factory and com- 
menced the manufacture of stockinet; the enterprise 
was not a success. May 1, 1863, William R. Parks pur- 
chased the property, and with his partner, Luther H. Ar- 
nold, under the firm of W. R. Parks & Co., enlarged the 
factory building, erected a boarding-house and several 
tenements, and commenced the manufacture of woolen 
goods, and continued the business, first by the firm and 
then by William R. Parks alone, until June 24, 1869, 
when the property was sold at auction to Charles Lane, 
who afterwards conveyed the same to Samuel Shaw, 
under whom William R. Parks recommenced business and 
continued until April 18, 1870, when the factory was 
burned. The privilege has remained unoccupied since. 

The saw-mill now owned by Rufus Fosket, lower down 
on Elbow brook, was built by Darius Nichols. The first 
grist-mill on this site was built by William Tucker, who 
sold to Daniel Wight. 

Mention is made in the Proprietors' book, page 196, of 
a grist-mill owned by David Bosworth in 1746. 

There is mention made of another, page 152, owned by- 
James Thompson. 

The grist-mill at East Brimfield was built by Peleg 
Cheney Janes, and the business carried on by him till 
1814; afterw^ards by the manufacturing company. Since 
then Isaac Stearns and Charles Varney have owned and 
managed the property. 

The grist-mill at Eaton pond was erected by Nathaniel 
Danielson, and has been owned and run by the same per- 
sons as were proprietors of the saw-mill in connection 
with it. In 1875, Dec. 18, it was burned, and will not 
probably be rebuilt. In fact, the damage done to the 
land on the plain, by the setting back of the water from 
the dam, is annually greater than all the possible profit 
from continuing the use 



TRADES. 157 

Joseph Craft, in 1760, according to the Proprietors' 
book, had a saw-mill on Elbow brook. It probably occu- 
pied the site, north of the Monson road, where now stands 
a disused mill and dam. In 1800, Nathaniel Danielson 
owned the saw-mill on Eaton pond, near John Need- 
ham's. The successive owners have been, General Eaton, 
J. Davis Browning, M, Converse, Abner Hitchcock, Em- 
ory Pierce, Levi A. Rice, James Willis, Paul Gray, C. R 
Brown & Son, B. H. Walker, and H. A. Webber. In 
1833, Alfred Lumbard built a saw-mill on the Stoneiard's 
Meadow brook, south of the house where he then re- 
sided, afterwards run by steam. This was burned 1863, 
April 6. 

The first grist and saw-mills at Little Rest were located 
lower down the stream than the present mills. These 
were built by Col. Aaron Morgan ; rebuilt by his son, 
Justin Morgan, who carried them on until his decease, 
Jan. 13th, 1843. Since that time the mills have been 
owned and managed by his son, Thomas J. Morgan. 

At these mills, about 1812, Justin and his* brother, 
Thomas Morgan, commenced the manufacture of nails, 
cut by machinery. Thomas Morgan was one of the first 
to invent and perfect a machine for that purpose. At 
first the nails were cut by the machine, and headed by 
hand ; soon after, Mr. Thomas Morgan perfected a ma- 
chine that did both. Thomas soon sold out to his brother 
Justin, who continued the business for nearly twenty 
years, when, finding himself unable to compete with 
manufacturers nearer the seaboard, he relinquished the 
business. 

Horace Morgan, son of Justin, commenced the manu- 
facture of shoe nails about 1840, and continued the busi- 
ness until 1850, when T. J. Morgan took the business, 
and continued the same fifteen years, when, finding his 



168 HISTOIUCAL ADDRESS. 

water power insufficient for that, and his increasing 
ber business, he gave it up. 

The grist and saw-mills on Tufts brook, in the northBV:h- 
west part of the town, known as Homer's mills, weisr -re 
owned by Joseph Patrick ; afterward by Asa Patrick nil ^iJ 
Dady Blodgett, who sold them to Linus Homer, who & at 

first alone, afterwards with his son Wilson, carried the^ j m 

on for a long time ; during the construction of the Boston ^on 
and Albany Railroad, and since, they did a large lumb^:zz)er 
business. At the present time, owing to the scant siB:=_ip- 
ply of timber and the erection of the saw-mills of S. N. 
Powers and A. W. Grossman & Son, further down I "be 
stream and nearer the West Brimfield station, the msi^Js 
have only a small business. 

The increase of cattle, and the necessity for disposL ^g 
of their hides, naturally led to the building of tanning a_"iid 
currying establishments. J. W. Browning's is the oc^bIj 
establishment that still continues in operation out of fcle 
three or four that at various times have carried on t^fcw 
branch of industry in various places in the town. Te3fcM- 
ning was a slower process in those days, when th^^ee 
years was often the time taken thoroughly to mak^^ * 
hide into good leather. Now, by the aid of chemi*^ | 
agents and patented processes, the work is done — I i^^iU 
not say how well done, in three weeks. Thompson's t^^in* 
nery, near what is now the poor-house, was in operation 
till quite a late date. 

Philemon Warren came to Brimfield in 1791, ^und 
bought the tannery of Jason Munn. The tannery v^^^^ 
between the brook and Mr. Wheeler's house ; about lf323 
it was removed and located north-easterly of the hoi:*^> 
and enlarged by removing and adding the distillery bu ^'"' 
ings of Lyon, Wyles & Co.; here Mr. Warren with ^^^ 
son John M. Warren, under the firm of P. Warrens * 
Son, (afterwards P. Warren & Sons,) did a large .fc^^" 



TRADES. 159 

xiing and currying business, until December, 1843. In 
11844 William M. Ward and Augustus Wheeler bought 
±he yard and shops and carried on the business for about 
t^hree years, when Mr. Wheeler withdrew and Ward con- 
tinued the business until June 18, 1850, when the shops 
^were burned. 

Several years previous to the burning of the tannery 
J^ames J. Warren built an addition to the building used 
l)y P. Warren & Sons for an office, and carried. on the 
<jurrying business for several years, selling out to John 
^. Browning, who removed the buildings to their pres- 
ent location. 

The first boots oflFered for sale in Hartford and other 
cities in the south, " ready-made," were made in Brim- 
-field, by .the firm of P. Warren & Son. Often doing their 
l)usine8s on shares, a large stock of leather would accu- 
mulate. In order to dispose of this to the best advan- 
tage, Mr. Warren engaged shoe-makers to make boots 
and shoes of different sizes. These were carried to Hart- 
ford for sale in that city, or shipped to Richmond, Va., 
for sale there or in cities farther south. Mr. J. Merrick 
Warren, in conducting this business, made frequent tours 
through the south. The business amounted to over 
Jl 50,000 a year, and gave employment to two hun- 
dred and fifty hands in neighboring towns, when, in 
1835, F. H. Warren became a partner in the firm of P. 
Warren & Sons. 

The leather was generally furnished to the shoe-maker 
by the person who employed him. It was the custom in 
early times for each well-to-do family to prepare for win- 
ter, not only by the aid of a sempstress taken into the 
family circle for the time, but what was quito as impor- 
tant, boots and shoes must be made against a time of need, 
and the shoe-maker came, like the sempstress, to spend a 
week, or less, or more. This traveling about from house 



160 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

to house was called "whipping the cat." The boy or 
girl stood with bare feet close up against the side of the 
house, the heel brought back firmly against the mop- 
board. The shoe-maker's knife was stuck into the floor, 
so close to the end of the toe that there was apparent 
danger of drawing blood, if not of cutting the end of 
the toe entirely off. "Now step away," said the cord- 
wainer, or cobbler, old-time designations of the sons of 
Crispin. A twig was cut the exact length of the foot. 
That was about all the measurement taken. Care was 
taken simply to make the shoe broad enough and big 
enough. The graceful tournure of the modem lady's 
toilet, was a thing inconceivable in those days. 

The shoe business of Massachusetts, the leading manu- 
facturing interest of the country, dates from about 1818, 
when Messrs. Spofford & Tileston began in New York 
city to sell on commission, and Joseph Walker, of Hop- 
kinton, Mass., introduced pegged boots in place of sewed 
boots. 

Shoe-makers are to be found among the earliest inhab- 
itants of the town, as appears from the old deeds, in 
which, as early as 1728, Peter Montague is called "cord- 
wainer." This word is sometimes misspelled "cord- 
winder," though it is derived from Cordova, a city of 
Spain, famous for the manufacture of a peculiar kind of 
leather for ladies' shoes. Since the shoe manufacture has 
given employment to so many in the different depart- 
ments of the business, the bottoming and finishing of 
pegged boots and shoes has been carried on by many res- 
ident here, doing this work for the large establishments 
in the adjoining towns. Noah Hitchcock, Jesse Hitch- 
cock, Simeon Hunter, Albigence Griggs, Col. Robert An- 
drews did custom work. "Uncle Noah's" lapstone, with 
the date cut in 1757, his pincers and his hammer, are 
treasured relics in the family. He raised the frame of a 



TRADES. 161 

house on or near the site afterwards occupied by Lemuel 
Allen, but concluding to take up his residence in the vil- 
lage, took down the frame and built his house on the site 
now occupied by Pliny F. Spaulding. It was afterwards 
owned and occupied by Dr. Justus Keyes. It has been 
removed to a site north of the Hitchcock school, and is 
now occupied by Lyman Webster. Uncle Jesse suc- 
ceeded his father Noah in the business. He was for 
many years a prominent man in society affairs, and built 
all the houses on the south side of the Common, with the 
exception of P. F. Spaulding's. 

Among the carpenters of the olden time may be men- 
tioned Nathan Read, who lived in what is now Warren, 
as did also Thomas Patrick. In 1739, Jonathan Brown, 
of Salem, "housewright and joiner," bought a farm in 
town. The most prominent of all who have been en- 
gaged in this business was Elias Carter. He built the 
meeting-house of 1805 ; General Eaton's house ; also 
those of William Brown, Solomon Homer, S. A. Hitch- 
cock, John Wyles, in style and durability creditable to 
his reputation as an architect and builder. He became 
embarrassed after building the factory at East Brimfield. 
He removed to Thompson, then to Killingly, then to 
Mendon, building a church in each place. He also built 
the Lunatic Asylum at Worcester. Julius Ward did a 
large business as carpenter; he built the Conference 
Hall, the Church at South Warren, and many other 
buildings in the town and vicinity. Joseph Alexander 
(Uncle Joe) and his sons, Sullivan, Elliot and Nathan, 
were in the business for a long time. 

The first mason mentioned is in 1759, Reuben Lilly, 
better known as Captain Lilly, an officer in the Revolu- 
tionary war ; others, were Col. Aaron Morgan, Aaron 
Morgan, Jr., Rufus Baker. The first house painter, so 
far as can be ascertained, was Artemas Sargent, a brother 

21 




162 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

of the younger Dr. MofFatt's wife. Of those of later 
date engaged in this business, may be mentioned Gad 
Hitchcock, Augustus Wheelock, George H. Upham, Aaron 
Morgan and John W. Morgan. 

As horses and carriages came into more general use, 
harness-makers found steady employment at their trade. 
The name first given, " saddler," indicates the prevalence 
of horseback riding as the common mode of travel. 
Lemuel Bates was a saddler, and bought, 1773, Septem- 
ber 13, a house and one acre of land of Dr. Israel Trask. 
Marquis Converse came from Palmer, and began his life 
in Brimfield as a harness-maker, at first in the house 
where Mr. Solander now lives. His predecessor was a 
man by the name of Groves. James Brown bought 
Mr. Converse out, and carried on the business from 1814 
to 1850. He was many years in partnership with his 
son, Henry F. Brown, who has now, however, given his 
attention to other matters. John Gates, who began to 
work at harness-making in 1859, is the only one who 
now carries it on. Wheelwrights. — In a deed from De- 
liverance Brooks, executed 3735, he is described as "hus- 
bandman alias wheelwright." He lived where G. M, 
Hitchcock resides ; said to have removed to east part of 
the town. 

Albon Janes had a carriage manufactory, carrying on 
an extensive business for many years. Before him, and 
also cotemporar}'' with him, Reuben Townsley and Abi- 
shai Townsley, his son, made wagons, carts and wheels for 
many years. At Little Rest, Alfred Blashfield carried oft 
the business for many years, which is continued by his 
sons, William C. and Alfred. 

The building in which Daniel Haynes ndw lives, was 
originally put up by Marquis Converse for a carriage fac- 
tory. He took into partnership N. Fisher Robinson to 
do the blacksmith work, and Abraham Rutan to do the 



TRADES. 163 

woodwork. The experiment was not such a success as to. 
warrant its continuance any length of time. Milton G. 
Puffer hired the shops and continued the business for 
some years. The manufacture of hames is now carried 
on by E. Evarts Tarbell, as it had been by his father 
William, and brother William G.. before him. The shop 
was originaly built for the manufacture of gun-barrels by 
William Butterworth. Near Tarbell's shop, in the build- 
ing now occupied as a shoe-maker's shop, by J. L. Woods, 
the rifles used by the Brimfield company were made by 
William Tucker, who succeeded Luther R. Lamb, both 
noted in their day because of their superior qualifications 
as gunsmiths. 

As individuals showed a natural aptitude for such work 
when the season for killing beef or hogs came roAnd, 
their services were in demand, and some found constant 
remunerative employment. James Moore is the first per- 
son of whom any mention is made as having thus taken 
up the butcher's trade. The practice of dressing meat 
and carrying it about town for sale, was begun about 
1828 by Marquis Converse. Succeeding him were Che- 
ney Solander, William M. Ward, Philip G. Hubbard, 
Samuel Kelly and P. F. Spaulding, who now keeps a 
market. 

Blacksmith's shops have been built and work carried on 
in various places in town, as the varying needs of the 
community, or the convenience of individuals has seemed 
to require. Benjamin Miller, in the early part of the 
century, had a blacksmith's shop on Tower hill, in the 
road north of the present school-house. The road to 
Dunhamtown then passed directly west down the hill, 
instead of turning north at the school-house, as it does 
now. Prominent among those in the trade of later date, 
have been Nicholas Holbrook, who had his shop on the 
spot where H. F. Brown now lives. Elijah and William 



164 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Tarbell had for many years a shop on Main street south, 
of the Hitchcock school, afterwards removed to the site 
now occupied by the cheese factory. Zenas Holbrook 
was a famous trumpeter in the militia cavalry, and earned 
his sobriquet of " Skipper Holbrook " from the peculiar 
tones of his bugle : his blacksmith's shop was opposite 
Mr. Potter's house. 

In 1826 Johnson Bixby bought of William Upham the 
blacksmith shop, at East Brimfield, previously occupied 
by said Upham, Elijah Tarbell, William Smith, and prob- 
ably others, and continued the business until his decease, 
January 28, 1872 ; since that date the shops have been 
unoccupied. 

Nathan F. Robinson built the blacksmith shop at the 
center of the town, in 1839, and carried on the business 
until September, 1852, when he sold to E. W. Potter, the 
present occupant. 

About 1817 Abraham Mason, of Douglas, removed to 
Brimfield, and commenced blacksmithing at a shop about 
midway between the houses of Michael Shanley and 
Ansel Holbrook. The neighborhood was so well pleased 
with his work, that they assisted him to build a house 
and shop where Henry Adams now resides. Deacon 
Samuel Brown and Col. Solomon Homer, each giving an 
acre of land from their adjoining premises. Here he 
carried on the business for a number of years. He was 
a skillful and ingenious workman, and was noted as the 
maker of spring-tempered steel hay and other forks ; the 
first known in this region. He was succeeded by Eaton 
Hitchcock, who here commenced the manufacture of cast 
iron plows, the first known in this vicinity. The pattern 
of plows made by Mr. Hitchcock, are to this time, exten* 
sively used by the farmers of this and adjoining towns, 
and are known as the " Hitchcock Plow." When Mr. 
Hitchcock removed to near the center of the town, Ralph 



TRADES. 165 

Root took the shop and carried on tlie business. For 
several years after he left, other persons carried on the 
business for a short tune. About 1849 William Crouch 
commenced the business at a shop north of the school- 
house, on Tower hill, and carried on the business for sev- 
eral years. 

David Parker, in 1810, bought the fiirm in the west 
part of the town recently owned by Chauncy Green, 
erected a blacksmith shop and continued the business 
there eleven years, when he bought the l^acou mills, 
erected, another shop, and carried on the mills and 
blacksmithing for four years, when he sold out and i)ur- 
chased the place in the " Hollow," now owned by Wm. 
K. Howard, where he continued the business one year, 
Avhen he removed to the place now occupied by his son, 
David Parker, where he continued the business for fifteen 
years, in connection with the usual work of a black- 
smith ; he did quite an extensive business in the manu- 
facture of augers. 

Another blacksmith was Henry Abbott. He lived on 
the old road (now discontinued) leading from E. T. Sher- 
man's to the "East hill." He died July 31, 1797, of 
hydrophobia. Hearing a noise in his piggery one night, 
he rose and went out to find a mad dog among his hogs. 
He grappled the dog and held it till his daughter brought 
him a hammer from the shop, with which he killed it. In 
the struggle, however, he was bitten, and knowing that 
he must suffer the terrible consequences, it is said he 
-forged a chain and gave orders to have it put on him 
if necessary to restrain him. 

About 1855 Ephriam Fenton and George N. Stone com- 
menced business at the West part of the town, as black- 
smiths and builders of horse carts, team wagons, and 
other heavy vehicles, and continued the business until 



166 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Mr. Stone removed to Palmer. Since his removal the 
shops have been unoccupied. 

This history would be incomplete without mentioning 
the cabinet-makers. Joseph Morgan, who died 1798, 
occupied a shop situated between the houses of George 
A. Stetson and Washington Lamb. After his death, his 
son Joseph continued the business for several years. 
Maj. Nathaniel Parker, though not a cabinet-maker him- 
self, established the business in a shop south of the road 
and east of the house of Porter A. Parker. His son 
Penuel learned the trade of his father's journeynaen, and 
after his death continued the business, moving the shop 
to its present location, where he remained in business till 
his death, August 21, 1876. 

Other trades that have been carried on by different 
individuals for a longer or shorter period, can only be 
briefly mentioned. 1737, Thomas Green, Jr., is called a 
" dish-turner ; " 1811, Bela Welch, watch-maker; 1813, 
Alfred MofFatt, silversmith. 

It may be in place to mention the Town Scales. They 
were between G. M. Hitchcock's and James S. Blair's, on 
or near the site of the conference hall, and were con- 
structed with four upright posts, with cross-beam and 
plates to support a roof Loads were weighed by at- 
taching chains, connected Avith the balance to the wheels, 
and the load raised by a lever or windlass. These scales 
were blown down in the gale of Sept. 22, 1815. 

About 1835 a few individuals bought a Fairbanks Hay 
Scales. These were located near the hotel, on or near 
the lot now occupied by the Soldiers' Monument. The 
present hay scales were purchased by S. C. Herrings when 
he refitted the hotel. 

It has been a difficult undertaking to secure a complete 
and correct list of those who have at different times been 
engaged in mercantile business in Brimfield. In the 



TRADES. 167 

Springfield Registry, Vol. G, p. 22, David Shaw, of Brim- 
field, is called a trader. Timothy Danielson was the first 
to open a store in town. Jt was at the time the only store 
between Springfield and Brookfield. It was the rear part 
of the old Danielson house, that wiis torn down in 1875. 
Samuel Haynes had a store on the corner, south-west of 
the meeting-house. In 1794, mention is made of Col. 
Abner Morgan and Moore's store. Samuel W. Brown had 
a red store between Mr. Wheeler's house and Mr .Warren's. 
It was used afterwards as an office by P. Warren & Sons. 
Moved and enlarged by the addition of a lower story, it 
is now occupied by J. W. Browning for his currying es- 
tablishment. Capt. Joseph Hoar kept a store in his 
house in Dunhamtown, on the site long occupied by his 
son. Col. Solomon, and grandson, Dea. Solomon Hoar. 
Enos Hitchcock was a trader about 1800, using part of 
the house now occupied by Cheney Solander. John Park, 
uncle of Professor Park, of Andover, kept a store in the 
rear part of the house now occupied by Braman Sibley. 

Ichabod Bliss, about 1812, built west of his tavern 
stand a store, which was kept for some years under the 
name of I. and L. Bliss & Co., the partners being Levi 
Bliss, of Brimfield, and Colonel Denny, of Leicester. It 
stood on the front of the present school-house lot. It 
was moved back and altered into a dwelling-house in 
1857, by Wilson Homer, and is now owned and occupied 
by Mrs. Knight, for her summer residence. The business 
was carried on with various changes in the firm name : 
Levi Bliss; Stimson & Salisbury ; Truman Charles ; Hub- 
bard & Tyler; Hubbard, Tyler & Homer; Sigourney & 
Drury ; Hubbard & Lebaron ; and last of all, it was kept 
as a " Union " store. 

Lewis Williams, a son of Rev. Nehemiah Williams, was 
for many years an enterprising and successful trader. 
The store he occupied was at the east end of the house 



168 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

which he then occupied, now John W. Morgan's. This 
building was moved and altered into a dwelling-house. It 
is now the residence of N. F. Robinson. Lewis Williams 
sold out the store and the business to his brother Ebene- 
zer, whose death occasioned the changes just mentioned. 

The store and residence now occupied by J. T. Brown, 
were built about 1802. Since then, this corner store has 
been continuously occupied by successive traders, as fol- 
lows : Norcross, Lyon & Co. ; Lyon, Wyles & Co. ; (Fes- 
tus) Foster & (Foster) Lee ; (Jonathan) Ferry, (J. W.) 
Bliss & (Royal P.) Wales ; (William H.) Sessions & (Otis) 
Lane ; by these last with Addison Sanford under the firm 
name of Sessions, Lane & Co. ; (Frank C.) Merrick & Co. ; 
Seaver & Fisk ; John Newton ; J. T. & G. A. Brown ; J. 
T. Brown. 

The store now occupied by George M. Hitchcook, was 
originally the wagon shop of Albon Janes. It was occu- 
pied as a Union store. Division 446, of the New England 
Protective Union, by Edwin Allen. The first occupant 
after this, was S. C. Herring in company with David F. 
Parker. Since then it has been managed successively by 
S. C. Herring, with Oman Lawrence as salesman and ac- 
countant ; now by G. M. Hitchcock. 

The store at East Brimfield has been occupied as such 
by various individuals and firms. It was at first the store 
of the factory companies. Afterwards it was occupied by 
Emory Sanford, James W. Hale, Horatio Fitch, John Wales 
Bliss, Horatio Wales, E. Perry & Sons, and W. H. Rice. 

During the Revolutionary war there was a great deal 
of traveling. Parties were going to the army and re- 
turning from it. Provisions and ammunitions were sent 
in large quantities from Eastern New England. Many 
persons kept a public house for the entertainment of man 
and beast. All that was needful, in those days, to keep 
a hotel was, according to a common saying, a barrel of 



HOTELS. 169 

pork, a barrel of potatoes, and a barrel of rum. Among 
those who kept such victualing houses at this period, may 
be mentioned Josiah Smith, at the old turn of the Palmer 
road down the hill, north of the present turn ; Aaron 
Charles, where Edwin B. Webber now lives; Nathaniel 
Danielson, in a hous^that stood near where Emory Liv- 
ermore now lives ; Isaac Powers, where Norman Powers 
now lives at West Brimfield ; Benjamin Lumbard, on the 
old road from East Brimfield to Holland, west of Jona- 
than Emerson's ; Col. Alfred Lyon, where now stands the 
house of W. H. Wyles. 

Ichabod Bliss built, in 179G, expressly for a tavern, the 
large square house afterwards occupied by Dr. Knight, 
and more recently owned by the Wales family. He kept 
tavern there for many years, till his death in 1836, with 
the exception of a few years. About 1828, he leased it 
for two or three years to Harrison Bishop, but before the 
expiration of the lease, resumed business himself 

The present Brimfield hotel was built in 1808, by Elias 
Carter, for John Gardner, and was occupied by Squire 
Gardner till Marquis Converse took the stand. He was 
followed by Joshua B. Vinton, who afterwards kept the 
Hampden house, Springfield, and Mansion house, North- 
ampton. Eaton Hitchcock succeeded him. J. D. Brown- 
ing kept tavern till it was taken by Nye Moulton, who 
was succeeded by D. N. Green. From 1848 to 1852, it 
was kept by H. F. Brown. George C. Homer followed, 
and then W. F. Tarbell, of whom S. C. Herring, Esq., of 
New York, bought the property and refitted it, making 
of it the present stately and commodious establishment. 
Brown & White, 1860, kept the hotel first; then Amos 
Munroe, 1861-3; next, George S. Osgood, 18(54; Charles 
Andrews in 1865; then Edward Sherman in 18GG. In 
1869, Mr. Munroe, ^vho had taken charge of it for two 
years previously, bought the hotel, and has since man- 

22 



170 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

aged it to the perfect satisfaction of the community and 
the traveling public, without selling liquor. 

Not in its place as a charitable association, but rather 
as a close to our notice of the several trades and artisans, 
mention is here made of the craftsmen of the order of Free 
Masons. Humanity Lodge of Freehand accepted Masons 
was organized at Elolland, the charter for the same being 
granted by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, on peti- 
tion of Ezra Webber and others, A. L. 5811 (1811). 

A petition was presented to the Grand Iiodge from 
Humanity Lodge, June 14, 1813, signed by Stephen 
Pynchon, per order of the committee, praying that a dis- 
pensation might be granted for the removal of said Lodge 
from the town or district of Holland to Brimfield. A 
remonstrance against the removal was presented by 
Thomas Lodge, Monson. The petition and remonstrance 
were referred to a committee who reported in favor of re- 
moval ; their report was accepted, and the Lodge removed 
to Brimfield. The Lodge appears for some years to have 
been strong in numbers and influence, many of the 
prominent men of this town and vicinity being members. 
The name of Humanity Lodge does not appear in the 
records of the Grand Lodge, after December 28, 1829. 
By the records of the lodge, its last meeting was held 
January 15, 1834. 

John Sherman, the town clerk for thirty years, was 
also a practicing physician. The healing art was, in 
those days, empirical rather than scientific. Clergymen 
often gave medical advice and administered simples. A 
knowledge of the symptoms of a few coinmon diseases, 
and of the medicinal qualities of a few drugs, with some 
skill in blood letting, would seem to be the sum of the 
qualifications required. There was no physician in 
Northampton till after 1730. It is amusing to read an 
account book kept by Dr. Slierman, and now in the pes- 



PHYSICIANS. 171 

session of Elijah T. Sherman, Esq., of New York. The 
most frequent charges are for senna and rhubarb, manna, 
epsom salts, spirits of lavender, gentian and tumeric, 
galingal, palma ceti. sour drops, anodyne pills, " a vomit 
8d.,'' '' bleeding 10s." 

Dr. Thomas Green is the first physician's name to be 

found on the town books. He was a resident of what is 

^ovv Wales, and though a land owner was for several 

J^ears supported by the town. Dr. James Lawrence 

Came from Killingly, Conn., about 1746. He located 

in what is now Wales, rather than in the center of 

tlie town, as being the smarter place of the two, and con- 

tinued in the practice of his profession, honored and suc- 

^liessful, till he died of small-pox, 1778, May 14, aet. fifty- 

^ight. 

Dr. John Butler, who was a friend of General Eaton, 
a,nd once a surgeon in the United States navy, was a 
j)racticing physician here until his death. 

Dr. Israel Trask was a native of the town, born March 
18, 17.75. He lived at the turn of the Sturbridge road, 
where Mr. Wyles' house now is. He was an active, ener- 
getic man, and like Dr. Moffatt, prominent in town affairs. 
He married Dr. Lawrence's daughter Sarah. 

Dr. Rufus Guthrie lived in the house recently bought 
by Alfred Lumbard, near what is called Guthrie's bridge, 
on the road to Danielson hill. 

Dr. Joseph Moffatt was a physician for more than forty 
years in this his native town. He was highly esteemed 
by his fellow townsmen, was town clerk for several years, 
and held other public offices. He died, 1802, August 12. 
Rev. Clark Brown, at the time the pastor of the Brim- 
field church, married his daughter Tabbe. Dr. Moffatt 
was twice married ; first to Margaret Bliss. Ch. Lewis, 
1764, September 17; Tabitha, 1765, October 17 (died 
1769) ; Joseph, 1769, August 8 ; Wyllis, 1770, October 



172 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

12; his wife, Margaret, died 1771, November 4, aged 
31; he married Lois Haynes, 1772, December 10. Ch. 
Chester, 1775, March 29; Lois, 1776, July 11; Tabbe, 
1780, May 1 ; Alvin, 1785, October 24. 

Dr. Martin Hersey was a practicing physician, who in- 
troduced Rev. Clark Brown to the Brimfield church. 
He came from Spencer, and was probably here but a 
short time. Franklin, son of Martin and Marcy Hersey, 
was born in Brimfield, 1797, August 23. Maria Eliza, 
daughter of Thomas and Marcy Hersey, was born here, 
1797, August 20. No record has been found of the name 
feven in any other connection, except in a deed of Zeba- 
diah Abbott, 1796, March, which bounds a four-acre lot, 
" fciouth on Hersey 's land." 

Dr. Justus Keyes moved about 1809 from Hodges' Cor- 
ner to Brimfield Center, living till 1815, in the house now 
occupied by Mrs. Alfred E. Pierce. He was a man of 
ability. He took Dr. Ebenezer Knight for a partner for 
two years, and in 1815, sold to him his house and busi- 
ness, and for a time resided in Sturbridge. He returned 
to Brimfield, but after a few years died in the old Noah 
Hitchcock house, then owned by him, and standing where 
Mr. Spaulding's house now is. He married first Betsey 
Corey, May 11, 1806, and had three children; Marianne, 
born 1808, March 1 ; Erasmus Darwin, born 1810, May 
29, now Major-General Keyes, United States Army ; 
Elias, born 1812, August 3; (known as Edward L.,) once 
editor of the Dedham Gazette^ and a prominent politican. 
Dr. Keyes' first wife died March 3, 1826, and he married 
Polly Wight, of Sturbridge, Dec. 2, 1828. 

Asa Lincoln was born in Taunton, June — 1782. He 
was the oldest of nine children, three of whom are still 
living, aged respectively seventy-six, seventy-eight, and 
eighty years, no one of the family having died at a 
younger age than seventy-two. His father's name was 




^. 



PHYSICIANS. 173 

Asa, and there were nine also in that family, all of whom 
lived until the youngest was about seventy, a remarkable 
case of longevity. Their ancestry is traced to one of the 
three Thomas Lincolns, who were the first of the Lincolns 
in this country. 

The family of Asa still hold the homestead in Taunton 
on which their ancestors settled, and Morris, nepliew of 
Asa, is the ninth generation who have lived on and owned 
the same place. Asa's mother was a Morris of Stur- 
bridge, of the same family as Judge 0. B. Morris of 
Springfield. He received only such opportunities of early 
education as the schools of Taunton afforded, except to 
recite Latin to Marcus Morton, who was at that time a 
young lawyer of Taunton. The fact of his hearing the 
recitations of young men in Latin, shows either that the 
ability of the future Judge and Governor was not appre- 
ciated, or that the town afforded but little business in law 
at that date ; and it is perhaps worthy of note, as showing 
the customs of the time, that young Lincoln used to carry 
on his back a q^iarter of mutton, to pay in part his tui- 
tion. Few young men of our day would feel that they 
could lug a leg of mutton a mile or more, for such a pur- 
pose, and perhaps it would be as difficult to find a pro- 
fessor who would receive such coin in payment for his 
services. 

Young Lincoln was anxious to study law, but his father 
had chosen medicine as the profession his son was to fol- 
Mow, and accordingly sent him when about twenty years 
of age to Sturbridge, where he commenced his studies 
with Doctor Corey. He remained with Corey two years, 
teaching during the winter time, when he went to Brook- 
field, (partly because they paid better wages for teaching 
there,) and completed his study of medicine with Doctor 
Babbitt. (Pliny Merrick, afterwards Judge of the Su- 
preme Court, was one of the boys who attended Lincoln's 



174 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

school in Brookfield, then a lad but two or three years 
younger than his teacher.) Lincoln came to Brimfield to 
commence his practice, probably about 1804 ; and in 1S09, 
September 4, married Sarah E., daughter of Gen. Tim- 
othy Danielson, by whom he had ten children, all of 
whom grew up to man and womanhood. His wife died 
August 10, 1830, at the age of forty, and he remained 
a widower till his death.* Soon after he commenced his 
practice, the town was visited with a terrible scourge 
called the spotted fever, which baffled the skill of the 
physicians, far and near, and perhaps this fact more than 
any other, led him to commence a practice entirely differ- 
ent form the one in general use at that time, and whether 
good or bad. was certainly more in keeping with the 
practice of the better physicians of our day. The old 
system may be told in few w^ords ; first bleed, then give 
all the medicine the patient could be made to swallow, 
then bleed, and if the patient lived through this, his con- 
stitution was proof against the skill of physicians. What 
made a decided impression on Lincoln's mind in connec- 
tion with the fever, was the fact that but three or four 
of all the parties attacked recovered, and one of these 
was attended by an old negress, for whom the family 
had sent to Northampton, and with whom the physicians 
were not willing to share the honor of killing or curing ; 
and one other, a negro, whose brother lived with Lin- 
coln, and who was taken sick at his house. 'Tis said 
that when the doctoi s found that the negro was sick, they 
called on Lincoln to enter on a system of experiments to 
be tried on the patient, and he replied, " No, gentlemen, 
you have used your best skill on your patients, and they 
have all died ; I am determined that if the negro has 

*It is believed by his family that he never entertained any intention of a f«fCond 
marriage. Such was the respect he had for the memory of his wife, that daring 
his lite he abstained from all labor on the anniversary of her death, uniformly vitit- 
ing her grave on that day. 



PHYSICIANS. 175 

constitution enough to carry him through, he shall live ; 
you certainly are not to have the privilege of killing 
him." The ** constitution " triumphed, and the doctor 
Tirho put it to the test, although he continued his practice 
till a few months previous to his death, had less and less 
faith in the efficacy of medicines. 

Early in life Lincoln received a commission of justice of 
the peace, and perhaps no man in this part of the State 
had more justice trials brought before him than he did. 
And it is worthy of note, as showing how true was the 
early bent of his mind as to the profession he should have 
taken, that in appeals of nearly forty cases from his decis- 
ions on points of law, the higher court sustained him in 
each of the decisions on which the appeal was made. 

In politics, he was from the first a democrat, never vot- 
ing for any but the democratic candidate for president, 
except for Van Buren in 1848. Commencing his practice 
with limited means, when a property qualification was 
necessary to entitle a man to vote, he was required to 
marshal his assets, including horse, gig, and books of ac- 
count, in order to secure the privilege of voting. While 
Doctor Lincoln was prominent in local affairs, often being 
called to preside over the meetings of the town, and fre- 
quently chosen to fill the more important town offices, 
his identification with the minority party in State affairs, 
debarred him from offices he was well qualified to fill * 
. He was, however, elected to the State Senate of 1840, 
serving on the committee to revise the valuation of the 
State. He was re-elected to the Senate of 1843. The 
degree of Doctor of Medicine was conferred upon him 
by the Berkshire Medical Institute, the same yccar ; he 
died July 7, 1854, aged seventy-two. • 

•The democratic YOte of the town was 11 in 1804, and 76 in 1836, while the vote 
of the opposite party was 120 for the former, and 175 for the latter. It is said that 
the town, previous to the formation of representative districts, was never represented 
in the House of Representatives by a person elected as a democrat. 



176 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Children of Dr. Asa and Sarah E. Lincoln: — Charles 
Danielson, born November 28, 1810; Mary Danielson, 
January 22, 1813; Timothy Danielson, May 11, 1815; 
Frederick Danielson, April 27, 1816 ; Sarah Danielson, 
December 17, 1819 ; Francis Danielson, September 30, 
1821; James Danielson, March 30, 1823; William Dan- 
ielson, March 12, 1825, died May 15, 1846; Charlotte 
Danielson, February 13, 1827, died October 18, 1847; 
Elizabeth Danielson, June 22, 1829, died January 1, 
1849. 

Charles D. Lincoln left home and entered the store at 
the North Factory village, Monson, when a boy of six- 
teen, went to Boston when about 25, where he remained 
as clerk until about 1840, when he commenced trade as 
a retailer on Washington street, left the business in 1842 
for a position in the Custom House as chief clerk to the 
Deputy Collector, was promoted to assistant Naval Offi- 
cer by Charles G. Greene, was removed by Mr. Greene's 
successor on account of his politics, against the wishes of 
the mercantile interest. He next went on to the Bro- 
kers' Board in Boston, where he still remains. He mar- 
ried Maria Prouty, October 6, 1842, by whom he has 
two children ; Mary W., born September 4, 1843, and 
Elizabeth D., born October 9, 1857. 

Mary D. Lincoln married Chauncey E. Dutton, January 
1836, both deceased, leaving three children, Frank C, 
Mary Ann and Sarah. 

Timothy D. Lincoln fitted for College at the town 
schools, and attended Wilbraham academy two terms, en- 
tered Wesley an University, junior class in English and 
scientific course in 1834, graduated in 1836, teaching the 
two winteu'S while in college, and the winter after gradu- 
ation at Weymouth, Mass., and afterwards at Hingham ; 
then as principal of high school in New Bedford. He 
commenced the study of law with the Hon. Charles H. 




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PHYSICIANS. 177 

(afterwards Judge) Warren, with whom he continued two 
years and five months, teaching during the time, when he 
was admitted to the bar in 1840 at New Bedford. He 
was a partner in practice with John H. W. Page, Esq., 
for one year, when he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, entering 
the office of Charles Fox, Esq., for one year, as the 
laws of the State required a year's residence before 
admission to the bar. He was admitted to the bar at 
Zanesville, Ohio, October 1842. June 1, 1843, he be- 
came a partner with Mr. Fox, with whom he remained 
imtil January 1846, when he commenced alone and con- 
tinued until 1855, when the firm of Lincoln, Smith & 
Warnock was formed. " Mr. Lincoln has practiced exten- 
sively in the United States Circuit Court, in the States of 
Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennes- 
see, West Virginia, and western Pennsylvania, and since 
1849 has spent a part of each winter before the Supreme 
Court at Washington. In 1857 he was selected by the 
Chamber of Commerce of St. Louis to represent the river 
as opposed to the railroad interest arising on the ques- 
tion of bridging the Mississippi river. He was opposed 
to Abraham Lincoln in 1857, in the Rock Island bridge 
case, tried before Judge McLean at Chicago. He mar- 
ried in August, 1845, Mary Seymour Clarke, daughter of 
Major Nathan Clarke of the United States army, by 
whom he has had eleven children, seven of whom are 
living — six daughters and one son, John Ledyard Lincoln. 
Frederick D. Lincoln commenced the study of law with 
Charles Henry Warren of New Bedford, while teaching 
school in the same place in 1838, remained with him 
(two years) until he was appointed to the bench, then 
studied with John H. W. Page of same place one year, 
when he was admitted to the bar in New Bedford, then 
went to the Cambridge law school one term, practiced 
law in New Bedford one year, then removed to Cincin- 

28 



178 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

nati in September, 1843, where he still lives, a bachelor, 
and has continued the practice of law very successfully. 

James D. Lincoln went from home when a lad and 
lived with his aunt, Palestia L. Thayer, at Franklin; after- 
wards removed to Wrentham. He has been largely and 
successfully engaged in the manufacture of jewelry at 
Plainville, Wrentham, the firm being Lincoln, Tiffl & 
Co., with their principal office in New York, where Mr. 
Lincoln now resides. 

Sarah D. Lincoln married Rev. B. E. Hale, December 
12, 1854 ; their children are Mary L., born December 29, 
1856, and Charlotte E., born May 3, 1860. 

Francis D. Lincoln resides in Brimfield, on the home- 
stead of his grandfather. Gen. Timothy Danielson. He 
has always taken an active part in whatever tends to the 
best interests of the town ; he was Captain of Company G, 
46th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers.* He married 
Rebecca Fisher Cox, of Walpole, September 28, 1848 ; 
their children are Rebecca Maria, born November 7, 
1849, and Henrietta Frances, born July 2, 1853. 

Dr. Ebenezer Knight, for the long period of forty-two 
years a physician, honored and beloved in this commu- 
nity, and in all the neighboring towns, was born in North 
Brook field, 1792, January 14. He studied in Providence 
with Dr. Drown, attending lectures at the medical col- 
lege in that city ; in Boston with Dr. Gorham, attending 
lectures, at the same time, at Harvard Medical College. 
He came to Brimfield in 1814, and at first was in part- 
nership Avith Dr. Keyes. After two years, however, he 
bought out Dr. Keyes, and bought also Dr. Keyes' house, 
where he resided till 1842. Then, on the death of his 
father-in-law, Ichabod Bliss, he bought out the other heirs, 
and refitting the Bliss place, removed his famil}'' there. In 

*(^li,irleH I)., Timothy I)., FriMleric I)., and James D. Lincoln each furnished a 
substitute for three years, in the late war, althougli they, as well as their brollier, 
Francis D., were exempt from military service. 




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LAWYERS. 179 

that house he died, after protracted suffering from heart 
disease, 1857, July 4. He had been honored by his towns- 
men with various public offices, had been a member of 
the church for twenty-four years, and served, also, as 
clerk of the society. The sermon preached by Rev. Mr. 
Morse, on the occasion of his death, and the eulogy by 
Rev. Dr. Vaill, bear testimony to the marked benevolence 
of his character, as well as the public spirit ever mani- 
fested by him, and his deserved reputation as a " beloved 
physician." Dr. Knight married, 1818, September 24, 
Thirza W. Bliss, daughter of Ichabod Bliss of Brimfield. Of 
his children, John McCall died in infancy. The second 
child was Eunice B.; the third, Eliza P., who married 
Richard S. Wilcox of Ovid, N. Y., and died 1854, Decem- 
ber 1. Fitz Henry Knight, born 1835, May 2, died in 
Troy, N. Y., 1867, June 17. Mary T. Knight married, 
1865, October 10, Rev. C. M. Hyde. 

Dr. John Witter succeeded to Dr. Knight's practice, 
but in 1866, removed to Woodstock, Conn. Following 
him came Dr. George E. Fuller, who removed to Monson, 
though still continuing to practice in Brimfield. Dr. Fife 
took Dr. Fuller's place, but remained only one year, ac- 
cepting then an appointment in the United States service 
at Alexandria, Va. He had previously been a surgeon 
in the United States navy. 

Before Dr. Knight's death. Dr. George F. Chamberlain 
had established himself in practice here, and is now the 
only resident physician. 

Abner Morgan was the first one in town to study law 
and practice as an attorney. He was born in Brimfield, 
1746, January 9. Was the son of Jonathan and Ruth 
(Miller) Morgan. He graduated at Harvard College, 
1773. He was chosen representative from Brimfield to the 
General Court, which met at Watertown, 1775, July 19. 
177.6, January 21 (Sunday), the House of Representatives 



180 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

voted to raise a regiment of seven hundred and twenty- 
eight men from Berkshire and Hampshire Counties, to 
serve in the expedition to Canada. Elisha Porter, of 
Hadley, was chosen colonel, and Abner Morgan, of Brim- 
field, major. The regiment probably went to Albany. 
His regiment formed part of the force with which Gen- 
eral Arnold joined Montgomery before Quebec. When 
Montgomery was killed, Arnold took his place, and upon 
his being disabled. Major Morgan assumed command of 
the forlorn hope and led the last and final attack on the 
morning of January 1, 1776, when they were driven oflF 
by overpowering numbers. At Crown Point, July 8, 1776, 
he drew up an address of the field officers to General John 
Sullivan, on the occasion of his withdrawing from com- 
mand of the army in Canada. 1778, August 29, he was 
appointed brigade major for Hampshire County. 1781, 
he was commissioned justice of the peace. 1782, he was 
chairman of the committee for taking up persons danger- 
ous to the Commonwealth, according to act of 1781, 
February 14. In 1795, when there were only fifteen 
barristers at law in the whole State, he was an attorney 
practicing at the Superior Court. 

At the close of the Revolution he received a pension 
and a bounty of twenty thousand acres of land in what 
was then the wilds of New York State, now within the 
limits of Livingston County, on the banks of the Genesee 
River. A part of this is still retained in the family, in 
possession of his grandson, J. Appleton Morgan, Esq., of 
New York, though most of it was sold at ridiculously low 
prices. 

By act of Congress, 1798, a direct tax of $2,000,000 
was levied on the people. Massachusetts was to pay 
$200,435.31.2. For this purpose the State was divided 
into nine departments. Commissioners were appointed 
for each division by the President. These constituted a 



LAWYERS . 181 

board who subdivided the various departments into dis- 
tricts. The lists of persons and property were to be 
made out for October 1. Major Morgan was principal 
assessor for the seventh assessment district of the eighth 
Massachusetts division, the district comprising the towns 
of Monson, Brimfield, South Brimfield and Holland. He 
was selectman twenty-two years, twenty-one of which he 
was chairman of the board, being elected to this office con- 
secutively for nineteen years. He built the house, 1783, 
where Warren F. Tarbell now (1876) resides, in those 
days the most aristocratic mansion in the town. In front 
of the house are two large button- wood trees which it is 
said he brought from the vicinity of Ten Mile Pond, near 
Collins Depot, in his saddle. He continued to reside in 
Brimfield until 1826. He was chosen to represent the 
town in the State Legislature from 1798-1801. His 
cousin, Morgan Phillips, of Westboro, writes of him (in 
Dr. Sibley's Manuscript Memoranda of Harvard Gradu- 
ates), that "He was a man of high attainments and 
greatly respected. He was the contemporary and inti- 
mate associate of the most distinguished men in the State. 
He was noted in his profession as an advocate of great 
ability. He had considerable business out of his own 
county, and at every term of Worcester courts would 
spend a night at my father's, going and returning. I re- 
member going to church with him and my mother when 
on a visit to Brimfield. There was a bass viol in the 
gallery, and there was some one tuning it after the clergy- 
man came in. That was not according to his notions of 
propriety, and he struck upon the pew door, saying, 
^ Stop that,' and there was no more tuning bass viols in 
church that day. My father used to ask after old ac- 
quaintance, and their conversation impressed me, also, 
with the conviction that he was a man deeply interested 
in religion." 



182 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

In 1826 he removed to Lima, N. Y., and thence to 
Avon, N. Y., where he died, 1837, November 7. He 
married 1796, March 31, Persis, daughter of David and 
Tabitha (Collins) Morgan. Children, Harriet, born De- 
cember 4, 1797 ; Persis, born June 6, 1801 ; Peyton Ran- 
dolph, born December 16, 1803; Almira, born April 16, 

1806 ; Maria Antoinette, born . Harriet Morgan 

married Dr. William P. Trask, of Natchez, Miss., July 14, 
1818 ; her second husband was Dr. Joseph T. Pitney, of 
Auburn, N. Y. ; he died April 23, 1853 ; she died in May, 
1862 ; Almira Morgan never married, she resides at Avon 
Springs, N. Y. ; Maria Antoinette married Dr. Samuel 
Salisbury, of Boston, Mass. ; he died at Avon Springs, 
N. Y., April 11), 1850, leaving one son, Samuel. Mrs. 
Salisbury now resides at Chicago, 111. 

Peyton R. Morgan, upon leaving Yale College, resided 
for some years on the plantation of his brother-in-law, 
Dr. Trask, of Mississippi; in 1835 he returned to the 
North and engaged in the fur trade ; in prosecuting this 
business he went to what was then the " far West." It 
is said he was the first w^iite man who visited the con- 
fluence of the four rivers in Michigan, where he founded 
what is now the city of Saginaw, building a saw-mill and 
hotel ; recalled to Avon Springs, N. Y., by the death of 
his father ; his fur and land speculations in Michigan hav- 
ing meanwhile resulted disastrously, he began the prac- 
tice of law in that town, for which he had prepared him- 
self at College. In 1847 he removed to Racine, Wis., 
where he continued the practice of his profession and be- 
came eminent as an equity lawyer, also for probity and 
uprightness of character; he died January 24, 187 1. The 
following is one of several resolutions passed by the Ra- 
cine County bar Jit the time of his decease. 

Resolved, Tliat the cluiriictor of our departed friend exhibited qual- 
ities of excellence becoming his i)Osition and profession in life, a trae 



LAWYERS. 183 

and honest sense of duty always guiding hira in the performance of 
obligations to others ; he was a conscientious lawyer, a faithful citizen, 
a Christian gentleman, and in the ripe maturity of years, he has gone 
from our midst enjoying the esteem of all who regard integrity, purity 
of purpose, and devotion to duty, as the essential characteristics of 
true manhood. 

In 1843 he married Joanna, daughter of Brig.-Gen. 
James Appleton, in Portland, Me. Children, James Ap- 
ple ton, born October 2, 1846, and Anna Randolph, born 
September 14, 1854; died April 2, 1861. 

James Appleton Morgan graduated at Racine College, 
"Wisconsin, in 1867, and at the Law School, Columbia Col- 
lege, New York, in 1869, and commenced practice in New 
"York city in the latter year. He has published several 
Xegal works, a treatise on the Law of Literature, (Literary 
JProperty, Copyrights, etc., 2 vols.,) Notes to Addison on 
Contracts, 3vols., and Notes to Best's Treatise on Evi- 
dence, 2 vols. 

Stephen Pynchon was of the ancestral family who first* 
opened the Connecticut Valley to settlement, and planted 
the colony at Springfield. This was his place of birth, 
T)eing the son of William and Sarah Pynchon, and born 
January 31, 1769. 

After completing his education, he graduated at Yale 
College in the class of 1789, and, concluding his studies 
for the legal profession, he took up his residence in Brim- 
field after the year 1790. He was elected town clerk in 
1797, and was continued in office by annual elections 
until his death. In the following year he was commis- 
sioned by the governor a justice of the peace, and dis- 
charged its functions with a wide range of jurisdiction and 
large number of causes, retaining the position to his de- 
mise. In 1805 he was chosen a representative to the Gen- 
eral Court, and continued in the Legislature, with only 
two intermissions, those of the years 1808 and 1817, dying 



184 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

at his post of duty, February 5, 1823. In 1819 he waa ap- 
pointed by Gov. John Brooks, chief justice of the Court 
of Sessions for Hampden County. He was appointed 
postmaster on the establishing of the post-oflBce in Brim- 
field, in 1806, and held the ofl&ce for the remainder of 
his life. 

Holding a prominent station during a long period of 
years, with a local reputation which had nothing of im- 
putation upon his integrity, he discharged all of his trusts 
with a fidelity which brought credit to his name, and 
leaves his memory as a valuable inheritance to the de- 
serving family. He justly occupies an enviable place in 
the annals of the town, of which its unimpaired confii- 
dence is marked by his long continuance in the public 
service. 

Not brilliant as a lawyer, he possessed a sound and ma- 
tured legal judgment which won the confidence and regard 
of his fellow citizens. Without ambition, and lacking the 
impulse which stimulates to the attainment of eminence 
in the labors and struggles of life, he pursued the even 
tenor of his way, uneventful and tranquil, in the quiet 
routine of the practice of his profession, remunerative to 
a moderate degree, but not increasing to wealth. 

He was a member, and in advanced degrees, of the 
Masonic fraternity, then a social and political power, and 
the last offices of earth at his demise were solemnized 
after the ritual and ceremonies of the order. Dying in 
the prime of manhood, he has a mound and memory in 
the village cemetery, than which there is none more 
worthy of honor and respect. 

He married Sarah, daughter of Dr. Israel Trask, of 
Brimfield, January 13, 1799. Their children were Lucy 
Lawrence, born December 19, 1799 ; William Harris, born 
January 4, 1802 ; Edward Elliot, born March 27, 1804 ; 
Sarah Whiting, born April 23, 1807; James Lawrence 



LAWYERS. 185 

Trask, bom August 2, 1809; Augustus, born and died 
October 13, 1811 ; Elizabeth Sewell, born December 5, 
1812 ; Charlotte Davis, born May 25, 1815. 

William Harris engaged in mercantile business ; he was 
drowned in Beaver Creek, Wilkinson County, Mississippi, 
March 9, 1823. 

Edward E. graduated at Yale College in 1825, and soon 
after emigrated to Georgia, as a school teacher ; he after- 
wards removed to Huntsville, Ala., where he died, June 
24, 1868. His large estate was ruined by the emancipa- 
tion act, his investments being mainly in human chattels. 
Only one member of the family is living, the youngest 
son, James L., who occupies the dwelling of his father, in 
his native town. 

The nomadic and migratory tendency of that period 
is illustrated in the distant and diversified residences of 
the family. Two of the daughters, in addition to the two 
sons, rest in the States of Mississippi and Alabama, after 
passing many years of residence distant from their native 
State; another daughter lies buried in Elmira, N. Y. 

John B. Cooley was born in Granville. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1818, and opened a law office in 
Brimfield. Hon. W. G. Bates says of him, in an address 
at the dedication of the new court house, in Springfield, 
1874, April 28 : "He was a man of talent, but not a hard 
student, nor a laborious practitioner. He was a man of 
wit and humor, and desirous rather of having a jovial 
time than of accumulating money or fame. In 1831 he 
removed to New York State, where he spent most of the 
rest of his life. He died at Wilbraham, November 4, 
1858. November 1, 1S21, he married Persis Morgan, 
daughter of Abner Morgan. She died in New York, in 
1854. They had one son, Kandolph Morgan Cooley, born 
August 23, 1822. 

Francis B. Stebbins, son of Francis and Chloe (Bates) 

24 



186 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Stebbins was born in Granville, February 22, 1801 ; he 
was educated in the common schools of his native town, at 
Hudson, N. Y., and by Rev. Timothy Cooley, D. D., of 
Granville; he studied law with John Mills of South wick, 
and with John Davis and Levi Lincoln at Worcester, 
where March 10, 1824, he was admitted to the bar. He 
settled at once in Brimfield, where he remained ten years, 
when he removed to Ware and formed a partnership with 
William Hyde ; here he remained till May, 1840, when 
he removed to Oswego, N. Y., and gave up the practice 
of law. To secure a debt, he was obliged to take an in- 
terest in a flouring mill, and he engaged in the business 
with Richard Talcott, continuing in the business with Mr. 
Talcott, and alone until his death, May 11, 1845. Mr. 
Bates says of him : " He was a lawyer of studious habits, 
and attentive to all the duties of his profession. He be- 
came a skillful practicing lawyer, and had attained a good 
standing as an estimable and useful man when he re- 
moved from the State." He married September 4, 1837, 
Eliza A., daughter of Dr Solomon Bond, of Enfield, Ct 
They had one child, Julia Francis ; she married Novem- 
ber 8, 1865, James A. Eddy, of Troy, N. Y., and died 
December 15, 1870. 

General William Eaton, a resident, though not a native 
of Brimfield,* became prominent in the history of the 
country in connection with the chastisement administered 
by the United States military and naval forces, on the 
Bashaw of Tunis, in 1805. This African Potentate had 
encouraged his subjects to commit piratical assaults on 
English and American vessels. He had the presumption 
to demand of these Christian powers, presents of value 

*The family is descended from Jolm and Abigail Eaton, who came from London 
in 1G35, and settled first at Watertown, Mass., and afcerwards at Dedham, Mass. 
General Wm. Eaton's great grandfather, Thomas Eaton, went from Dedham to 
Connecticut, prol>ably in 1G97, and settled in Woodstock in 1704. General Eaton 
was the son of Nathaniel and Sarah (Johnson) Eaton. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 187 

on the threat of breaking oflf all treaty arrangements, 
and condemning to perpetual slavery all citizens of those 
countries, found within his dominions. 

William Eaton was born at Woodstock, Ct., Feb. 23, 
1764. When 16 years old he ran away from home and 
enlisted in the Continental Army. He was in active ser- 
vice till the close of the war. While teaching school at 
Franklin, Ct., he became interested in religion, and united 
with the church under the care of Rev. Mr. Nott, 1785. 
He graduated at Dartmouth, in 1790. He received in 
17t)2 a commission as Captain in the United States Army. 
He was on a visit to his brother, Calvin Eaton, at that 
time residing in Brimfield, when he made the acquaint- 
ance of the widow of Gen. Danielson, a young woman 
of 25. Her maiden name was Eliza Sikes, a descendant 
of one of the original settlers of Brimfield. They were 
married August 21, 1792. He was first ordered to the 
Ohio to join Wayne, and commanded the left column of 
the force. He was transferred, in 1795, to Savannah, 
Georgia, when he built Fort Pickering. In 1798, having 
resigned his commission, he was appointed Consul to 
Tunis. Here he exerted himself to secure the rights of 
American and other citizens, but in vain. He returned 
to the United States in 1803; but in 1804, war having 
been declared against Tripoli, he embarked on board the 
frigate John Adams, as Naval Agent. At Alexandria, he 
heard that Hamet Caramelli, whom he regarded as the 
rightful Bey of Tripoli, was in Upper Egypt. He in- 
duced the deposed ruler to accompany him on a march 
across the sands of Northern Africa to attempt the re- 
covery of the Pashalic of Tripoli. The march was a 
striking example of daring and energy. April 27, 1805, 
he attacked and captured Derne, and June 11, met the 
forces of the Bey sent from Tripoli. The United States 
forces were victorious, acting in connection with the 



188 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

squadron, under command of Commodore Barron. But 
Tobias Lear, the United States Minister, concluded a 
treaty with the frightened ruler, acting on his own au- 
thority, and making concessions shamefully in contraven- 
tion of the rights and obligations of the United States, 
paying $60,000 for release of American prisoners, and 
utterly ignoring the claims of Hamet. Eaton returned 
to the United States in 1805, where he was received with 
high honor. The Legislature of Massachusetts presented 
him a township of 10,000 acres, in Maine. But he was 
unsuccessful in the prosecution of his claim against the 
United States Government, for large personal expenses 
incurred by him in the prosecution of his undertaking. 
He became embarrassed by his debts, and when he died, 
1811, June I, aet. 47, he had very little property left of 
his own, or of the estate derived from Gen. Danielson. 
Mrs. Eaton died at Auburn, N. Y., in 1830. Their chil- 
dren were Eliza, born 1795, Feb. 22, married Eli Goodwin, 
about 1816, died soon after; Charlotte, 1797, Oct. 24, 
married Rev. William B. Sprague, at Albany, N. Y., and 
died in West Springfield, June 25, 1821 ; Almira, 1799, 
July 20, married David Hayden, of Waterbury, Conn. ; 
William Sikes, 1804, Aug. 30, graduated West Point, 
1824, became Second Lieutenant in Sixth United States 
Infantry, served on frontier duty in Iowa, 1825-1827, 
in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., in 1827, died at 
Waterbury, Conn., May 10, 1828 ; Nathaniel Johnson, 
1807, June 28, graduated West Point, 1827. In garrison 
at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1827 to 1832. In Black 
Hawk war, as Colonel's Staff*, Chief of Commissariat of 
Illinois Vols., May 9 to Oct. 11, 1832. In garrison at 
Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 1832 to 1835. In Bureau of 
Indian Emigration, Dec. 23, 1835, to July 11, 1836. 
First Lieutenant Sixth Infantry, July 31, 1836. Retir- 
ing from the army, 1837, April 18. He was master of 



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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 189 

various steambocats on Western rivers from 1837 to 1849. 
Agent of United States Post Office at St Louis, 1849-50. 
Port Warden, St. Louis, in 1851. He now resides at 
Alton, Illinois. 

The Fairbanks family. Joseph Fairbanks came to 
Brirafield from Shelburne, where his grandfather Eben- 
ezer was born. Three children, Erastus, Thaddeus, and 
Joseph Paddock Fairbanks, were born in the north-east 
part of Brimfield, in the little red house, still standing 
(1876) near the Sturbridge line. At the age of nineteen, 
Erastus left home to commence the study of Law, in the 
office of his Uncle, Ephraim Paddock, at St. Johnsbury. 
Weakness of eyes compelled him to give up his studies. 
He entered the store of Mr. Frederick Phelps as clerk, 
afterwards in partnership with him, and subsequently on 
his own account opened a store in Wheelock, Vt., 15 miles 
from St. Johnsbury. Meanwhile the others of the Brim- 
field family had removed to St. Johnsbury, and engaged 
in business there. Here in 1825, Erastus joined them. 
They were for several years unsuccessful in the various 
enterprises to which they gave their energies. In 1830 
they engaged in constructing and managing a machine 
for dressing hemp. This business proved a failure, but in 
the operations required, it had become necessary to have 
some contrivance for weighing wagon loads in some more 
expeditious way than by the old fashioned steelyards. 
Thaddeus Fairbanks hit upon the principle then patented, 
and now used in the construction of the Fairbanks Plat- 
form Scales. The business grew into importance by slow 
degrees, till at length the three brothers gave their whole 
attention to its management. He was chosen Presidential 
Elector in 1844 and 1848, but declined a nomination to 
Congress. In 1852, and again in 1860, Erastus Fairbanks 
was chosen Governor of the State. In 1864, Nov. 20, he 
died. Joseph P., the third brother, died 1855, May 15 . 



190 BIOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

The sons of Governor Fairbanks, in connection with Mr. 
Thaddeus Fairbanks, have since, under the firm name of 
Fairbanks & Co., carried on the business. 

No man could have been selected better fitted for a 
" War Governor." Gov. Fairbanks entered into the con- 
flict for the preservation of the Union with his whole 
soul. His firm had an immense amount of property in 
the South which must be lost in case of war, and it would 
have been for his pecuniary interest to have peace pre- 
served. But this had no weight with him. Day and 
night he toiled, raising and equipping troops, sending 
regiment after regiment of brave Green Mountain boys 
to the seat of war. The Legishiture, at an extra session 
showed its confidence in his judgment and ability, by 
conferring upon liim almost unlimited power, and at the 
close of his official career, by a joint resolution, testified 
to their high appreciation of the way in which he had 
used it. The salary to which he was entitled was never 
toiiclied, but remains in the Treasury of the State, giving 
evidence of his disinterested patriotism and love of Ver- 
mont. Gov. Fairbanks was not only prominent in the 
business and political affairs of the State, but was closely 
identified with many benevolent organizations, being for 
many years a corporate member of the American Board, 
and no less interested in the cause of Home Missions. 
Always deeply interested in educational matters, he was 
for the last twenty years of his life, an active member of 
the Corporation of the University of Vermont, at Bur- 
lington, from which, in 1860, he received the honorary 
degree of LL. D. His children were Jane, born Dec. 3, 
1816, married Ephraim Jewett, Jan. 26, 1837, died Mar. 
29, 1852; George, born Jan. 21, 1819, died April 20, 
1843 ; Horace, born March 21, 1820, present Governor of 
Vermont, (1877); Charles, born Dec. 8, 1821; Julia, 
born June 9, 1824, married John H. Paddock, Feb. 11, 



BIOGRA.PHICAL SKETCHES. 191 

1857 ; Franklin, born June 18, 1828 ; Sarah, born June 
30, 1831, married C. M. Stone, May 4, 1858 ; Emily, born 
Mar. 4, 1833, married Rev. C. L. Goodell, May 5, 1859; 
Ellen, bom July 27, 1836, died May 28, 1843. 

Rev. Festus Foster was the son of Standish Foster, and 
was born in Canterbury, Conn., September 30, 1776. He 
remained on his father's farm till the age of 18 years. 
His family about that time removing to Rowe, Mass., he 
was there prepared for college, under the tuition of Rev. 
Preserved Smith, the minister of that town, and was 
graduated at Williams College in the year 1800. 

After leaving college, he took charge of a Grammar 
School in Pittsfield, meanwhile entering on studies pre- 
paratory for the ministry, under the direction of Rev. 
Dr. Lathrop, of West Springfield. He was ordained in 
Petersham, Mass., Jan. 13, 1802, and was dismissed Nov. 
26, 1817. 

Mr. Foster's ministry covered a period of the most in- 
tense political excitement ; an excitement in which the 
people of this town (Petersham) took an earnest part. 
The questions and measures then in controversy, were 
looked on by many wise and good men, as fraught with 
the most vital consequences to the nation. In these 
controversies the pastor of this church became involved. 

Mr. Foster removed to Brimfield in the spring of 1818, 
and engaged there in mercantile pursuits for a time ; 
afterward settled upon a farm in the same town, on which 
he spent the remainder of his days. He died on the 30th 
of April, 1846. 

Mr. Foster always took an interest in public affairs, and 
filled several principal town offices in Brimfield, besides 
representing that town two years in the State Legislature. 
He was a man of vigorous intellect, and knew how to put 
iis thoughts in forcible words. As a reasoner he was 
able, acute, and ingenious, and he wielded a dangerous 



192 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

weapon, — as well dangerous to him who carries it, as to 
him whom it wounds, — in a talent for keenest sarcasm. 
Under the irritating provocations of sharp personal con- 
troversy, he did not find it easy to hold such a faculty 
always in check. But in the calmer conferences and dis- 
cussions of the deliberative assembly in which he partici- 
pated later in life, that gift of stings would appear to 
have been sparingly used, if used at all. It is the uniform 
testimony of his contemporaries in the General Court, 
that as a debater he commanded attention on all occa- 
sions, and proved himself an influential and useful mem- 
ber of that body. He did not speak often, but waiting 
till he had studied his subject carefully from diflferent as- 
pects, and seen it by the light which other minds could 
shed upon it, he seldom failed to sum up the whole mat- 
ter with a judicial clearness, comprehensiveness and just- 
ness of view, which satisfied and convinced. 

Mr. Foster's social qualities were, however, quite as 
distinguishing traits of his character as any that he pos- 
sessed. There was a quickness of wit, and a general 
freshness and raciness in his conversation, which made 
his talk peculiarly spirited and attractive. He left vari- 
ous published writings, chiefly Sermons and Occasional 
Addresses. 

Fisher A. Foster, born July 4, 1811, at Petersham, 
Mass. ; 1834, graduated at the Wesleyan University, 
Middletown, Conn.; 1834 to 1836, tutor in Eandolph- 
Macon College, Va., 1837 to 1845; practiced law in 
Clinton, Miss., and from 1845 to 1848 at Cincinnati, 0. ; 
1848 to 1851, published Cincinnati iJaily Atlas ; 1857, 
connected with the Congressional Globe; and subse- 
quently, for many years, with the Treasury Department 
at Washington, I). C. 

John Wells Foster was born 1815, in Petersham, where 
his father, Kev. Festus Foster, was minister, before his 




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192 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

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BIOGUAPniCAL SKETCHES. 193 

removal to Brimfield. His mother was the aunt of Judge 
John Wells, and from that family he took his baptismal 
name. After he had acquired the rudiments of learning 
as taught in the public schools of the town, he spent a 
year at Wilbraham Academy, and entered the Wesleyan 
University, at Middletown, Ct, 1831. After graduating 
with high honors, he began the study of the law. But 
he finally chose civil engineering (mining engineering) 
as his pursuit in life. He soon became a recognized au* 
thority in geology and metallurgy, and was employed by 
Eastern capitalists to examine the mining regions and 
report results. In the geological survey of the State of 
Ohio, he was chosen by Prof. Mathis, as one of his assist- 
ants, and made a valuable special report on the Ohio 
coal field. He was employed by several Mining Com- 
panies to visit the Lake Superior copper mining regions. 
When the Government instituted a Geological Survey of 
that country, in 1847, he was appointed one of the assist- 
ants. Prof. J. D. Whitney, now of California, was his 
chosen companion and associate. Their book, entitled 
'* Foster and Whitney's Report on the Lake Superior Re- 
gion," was published by order of the Government, At 
the meeting of the American Association at Cincinnati, 
they made a report to that body of their investigations 
and conclusions, declared at the time by Agassiz, to be 
among the grandest generalizations ever made in Ameri- 
can Geology. 

Col. Foster at this time removed his residence to Brim- 
field. This was the period of the so-called " Know-Noth- 
ing" overturn in Massachusetts politics. Col. Foster was 
prominent in this movement, and became the recognized 
leader. He was a member of Gov. Gardner's Council. 
But when the question of slavery brought about a divis- 
ion in the organization of the " Know-Nothing " party, 
he took sides with the Republicans. He was the Repub- 

26 



194 biographi(;al sketches. 

lican candidate for Congress from his district in 1855. 
Defeated by a small majority, he abandoned the polit- 
ical arena, and gave himself wholly to science and litera- 
ture.' In 1868, he made Chicago his home, and the next 
year, through S. C. Griggs & Co., published a compre- 
hensive and interesting description of " The Mississippi 
Valley, its Physical Geography, including sketches of the 
Topography, Botany, Climate, Geology," &c. Unfortu- 
nately the plates were destroyed in the great fire, but 
the work took high rank as a scientific authoritj' on the 
subjects of which it treats. Mr. Foster was for a time 
connected with the Land Department of the Illinois Cen- 
tral Eailroad, and held a similar position on the Chicago, 
Alton, and St. l/ouis Railroad. But he made the pur- 
suit of knowledge rather than the accumulation of wealth 
the business of his life. He was elected President of the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, 
and was for three years president of the Chicago Acad- 
emy of Sciences. He served as Professor of Natural 
History in the University of Chicago, and from this 
University received the honorary degree of LL. D. He 
was one of the editors of the Lakeside Monthly, and con- 
tributed at various times important papers, published in 
the Transactions of various scientific Societies, in Silli- 
man's Journal, and in various other scientific periodicals. 
One accepted geological generalization was originally 
stated by him — that on the summits of the Laurentian 
hills there lay no modern rocks, and that they were the 
first land above the main in North America, and possibly 
the first in the whole present w^orld. He had just pub- 
lished a most valuable work in the department of Arch- 
aeology, which he had made his specialty. It is entitled, 
" Pre-Historic Man," and gives the result of his investi- 
gations of the mounds found in various places in the 
Western States. He died Sunday, June 29, 1873, at his 



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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 195 

residence in Hyde Park, near Chicago, of inflammation 
of the liver. His funeral was attended by a large con- 
course of eminent citizens and personal friends, and his 
death elicited well deserved eulogies of his abilities and 
achievements from the newspapers of the day. He was 
a noble specimen of manhood, portly, and of handsome 
features. His appearance was prepossessing, and his 
manners courtly and genial. His varied and rich expe- 
rience, his wide and accurate knowledge of facts, his in- 
tellectual comprehensiveness and discriminativeness made 
him the peer of the foremost scholars of his time, while 
his personal and social qualities made him respected and 
loved by all who knew him. He married Miss Lydia 
Converse, of Brimfield, who with three daughters, survive 
to mourn his loss. 

John Wyles was born in East Hartford, Conn., July 
31, 1792, of John and Sarah Wyles. 

After the usual preliminary common school teachings, 
he was placed at Bacon Academy, Colchester, Conn., for 
something more than a year, ending September 5, 1806. 
Subsequently he completed his education at Monson 
Academy, Mass. He entered upon his business training 
in that town as a clerk for Norcross, Goodwin & Co., trad- 
ers in country merchandise, February 8, 1808. 

In 1811 he changed his residence to Brimfield, and 
was employed in the store of Norcross, Lyon & Co. He 
commenced business on his own account in 1815, as a 
partner of the firm of Lyon, Wyles & Co. During this 
period, and from 1815 to '19 he was in the volunteer 
military service as Adjutant of a regiment of Cavalry. 

He also served as a member of the Massachusetts Con- 
vention for revising the Constitution of the State in 1820, 
and had, in its sittings, the rare fortune of being the seat- 
mate of Daniel Webster, who, also a member, had re- 
cently changed his residence from New Hampshire to 



196 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

this State, and was then in the dawn of a fame which he 

« 

afterwards made world-wide and immortal. 

He served, too, for six years upon the board of Select- 
men, during the terms of 1820, '21, '22, '25, '26 and '41. 
He represented the town in the Legislature, in its lower 
branch, in the years of 1823, '25, '29 and '30. He was a 
member of the State Senate from Hampden county in 
the sessions of '31 and '32. 

His valuable experience, and sound judgment, made 
him conspicuously useful as a director of the Hampshire 
Manufacturers' Bank at Ware, and at the same time a 
director and afterwards president for several years of the 
Monson Bank. 

Retiring from active business in 1820, he was for many 
years associated with his brother-in law, Horatio Lyon, 
in the Monson Woolen Manufacturing Company, a most 
prosperous enterprise managed with great skill and ca- 
pacity by the resident partner, Mr. Lyon. 

In his later life, he was a member of the Board of 
Trustees of the Hitchcock Free High School, from the 
organization of this noble private endowment in 1855, 
and president of the Board of Trustees from 1862, to his 
demise in 1874. He gave to this institution a fund of 
$1000, known as the Wyles Fund. 

Inheriting an ample fortune in cash from his father, 
and in what subsequently became a valuable realty of 
land, consisting of an entire township in what was known 
as the ^' Western Reserve," in Portage county, Ohio, and 
named Briinfield in honor of his New England residence. 
It was largely populated by an emigration from Hamp- 
den county, after the swell of the tide to the fertile re- 
gions of the Genesee country in New York, had ceased, 
and the seekers of new lands explored the wider boun- 
daries of the States of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. He 
was closely identified with the interests and improve- 




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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 197 

ments of the town, and was, by his character and posi- 
tion, with the station of independent wealth, of large 
influence. 

Generously endowed with the gifts of leadership, the 
ease and amplitude of his means did not impel him to 
that activity of effort which would have given him a wide 
circle of control, and an assured reputation as a publicist, 
for which he lacked no quality to have attained but the 
stimulus of ambition. Prudent but not penurious, and 
thrifty and cautious in his management of his pecuniary 
affairs, he accumulated, while living generously but not 
ostentatiously, an ample fortune. 

Married in 1816, March 19, to Miss Lydia Lyon, his 
family consisted of three sons and two daughters, of 
whom only one son, William Henry,* and one daughter, 
Delia Olmstead, wife of Marshall B. Blake of New York, 
survive him. 

His charities and bequests, public and private, were 
liberal, and had the singular peculiarity of being unob- 
trusively and in private, never wishing any public dem- 
onstration to those outside of the conferment. His most 
considerable giit was that of $5,000 to the benefit of the 
Congregational Society of the town. His name is honor- 
ably inscribed in the annals of his village history, and his 
silent and quiet charities give him a claim to an enduring 
record, as also his fidelity to corporate and private trusts 
and duties, in a long and unblemished life. 

Col. Abner Brown, son of Issachar and Rhoda (Nich- 
ols) Brown, was born June 2, 1785. At this time the 
families of the name of Brown, although not found 
among the original proprietors, largely outnumber those 
of any other name. There are two prominent families 
of the name ; one the descendants of Jonathan Brown, 
who removed from Salem, Mass., to Brimfield, about 

» W. H. Wjles died April 28, 1877. 



198 BIOGRAPniCAL SKETCHES. 

1739. The others are descendants of Dea. David Brown, 
who came to town at a later period. Abner was a grand- 
son of Jonathan Brown. He received most of his edu- 
cation at the public schools of his native town, but at- 
tended one term at Westfield and one at New Salem 
academies. He was a popular schoolmaster in his 
youth, being engaged for fifteen winters in the schools of 
Brimfield. When he taught the "town plot" district he 
had 112 pupils of all ages and sizes. At one time, when 
he taught in the North east district, Thaddeus and Eras- 
tus Fairbanks were two of his pupils, and when in after 
years he heard of their success in Vermont, he remarked 
that they but met his expectations. In the war of 1812 
he served as Lieutenant under Col. Enos Foot of South- 
wick, and Captain Isaac Fuller of Monson, in the com- 
pany drafted from the towns of Monson and Brimfield. 

An incident that occurred about this time deserves 
mention: On the morning of September 11, 1814, he 
heard cannonading, and called the attention of Deacon 
Bishop and others to the sound ; they listened to it for a 
full half hour, supposing at first that it was thunder. 
They learned a few days after, however, that the sound 
was nothing less than the firing at the engagement be- 
tween the British and American flotillas oflF Plattsburg, 
more than 160 miles distant. Lieutenant BroNvn after- 
wards rose to the rank of Colonel in the militia, and was 
elected to the Legislature in 1835, being in the House 
when the special set^sion was held to revise the statutes 
of the Commonwealth. Colonel Brown and his family 
were always closely identified with the history of the 
town, and he was constantly kept in office, either as school 
committee, selectman or assessor during the whole of his 
active life. Probably no man was ever more esteemed 
. by his fellow-townsmen than was Colonel Brown. A 
man to whom all could safely and confidently go for ad- 



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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 199 

vice, he always enjoyed the confidence of the people, 
which he never betrayed. While not a forward man or 
a recognized leader, his association with men had given 
him a keen insight of human nature, and had endowed 
him with a fund of information that made him a perfect 
cyclopaedia of all matters pertaining to local incident and 
history. He married Jedidah Sumner. His children 
were: James Bridgham, born Dec. 12, 1817; Charles 
Sumner, born Oct. 2, 1819, died Aug. 1, 1824. Sarah 
Ann and Mary Ann, twins, born June 7, 1824. 

Alured Homer was born in Brimfield, Jan. 20, 1796. 
He was descended from a family which came to the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay among the earliest colonists ; of this fam- 
ily was the third President of Harvard College. The 
branch of the family from which the subject of this sketch 
descended, settled in Concord, and has been remarkable 
for the number of distinguished lawyers it has produced. 
His ancestors were among the founders of the town of 
Brimfield. Alured was the fifth in the regular line, all 
of whom had resided in the town. His father's name 
was Solomon, who was a Colonel of Cavalry in the State 
Militia, and a deacon in the church, and through the 
whole history of the family the military and the church 
spirit divided the attention of its members. Not unfre- 
quently do we find that those best known as soldiers 
vrere foremost in the church. The father of the family 
came to this country to escape persecution and to obtain 
freedom to think and live in accord with his own con- 
science and the principles of the Bible, and his descend- 
ants have ever remained true to his teachings and exam- 
ple in their hatred of oppression. Alured Homer was, 
like his father before him, a farmer. He was obliged to 
make his own way in life, and for some years worked by 
the month, giving his wages to help support his father's 
family. 



200 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

In 1822, Nov. 28, he married Ruth Bliss, the daughter 
of Ichabod Bliss, ^vhoge family was also one of the oldest 
in town. Now commencing to labor for himself, year after 
year he battled with the rocky soil to compel it to produce 
its fruit. Success slowly crowned his efforts, and the 
money thus obtained was quickly invested in lands so 
that at one time in his life he was the owner of five hun- 
dred acres of the best land in the town. Although early 
in life, he would have chosen some other occupation if the 
way had seemed open. He was a true farmer, and few men 
manifested more enthusiasm in this business, or showed 
greater devotion to the interests of their class. He was 
ever ready to try any experiment and make any test, 
at no matter what expense of time or money, if they 
promised to make the soil more productive, or farm 
labor easier — and was first to §eize upon a time or labor- 
saving invention, which gave promise of success, as for 
example, he was the first to introduce into the town the 
use of the iron-plow, the horse-rake and the mowing- 
machine. 

He believed that the farmer should not only be a 
laborer in his occupation, but a student as well, and to 
carry out this idea, was instrumental in forming the 
" Brimfield Farmers' Club and Library," which flourished 
for sometime, but as all did not share his enthusiasmy the 
club at length disbanded, and the Library was sold. 

The establishment and the success of the "Worcester 
County Cheese Factory," an institution which has been of 
incalculable value to the farmers and dairymen of the re- 
gion, — the first of its kind in all New England, — was 
largely due to the use of his influence and means. For 
many years he was a member of the New England Agri- 
cultural Society, an active director and vice-president of 
the Hampden Fair Association, and president of the East- 
ern Hampden Agricultural Society during the time of its 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 201 

greatest prosperity. He was a delegate to the State 
Board of Agriculture for six years. 

He faithfully represented his district in the Legislature 
of 1848, and was the author of some statutes which have 
stood the test of time ; among others, a law " authorizing 
towns to take lands for school-houses." 

He was elected County Commissioner for Hampden 
County in the year 1853, and for four years performed 
thoroughly and conscientiously, the laborious duties of 
this oflSce. Being a man of decided principle and 
thought always openly expressed, he was in no wise fitted 
nor did he have any ambition to lead the life of a politi- 
cian, but taking interest in all public aflfairs, he did not re- 
fuse to perform a public duty when conferred upon him. 

He was chairman of the Selectmen in 1848 and 1853, 
and served the town in various other offices ; he was 
closely identified with the interests of the town, and was 
foremost in every good work, whether for the pleasure or 
profit of its people. The history of the town would be 
incomplete without some reference to him and to his life. 
A Calvinist and Congregationalist by education, he was 
prominent in the management of the church and parish, 
gave liberally of his means for the support of the gospel 
at home and abroad, and endeavored to advance the 
cause of God by word and example. His religion was a 
living, real fact of every day life and experience, and the 
Golden Rule was his infallible guide in all dealings with 
his fellow-men. 

Of a fine presence and military bearing, with a face 
which was marked with decision, almost amounting to 
sternness, he was also fitted to sustain the martial spirit of 
his , ancestry. For many years he, was an officer in the 
State militia, and captain of the famous Brimfield Rifle 
Company, in whose formation he was instrumental. 

His early education was only such as the common 

26 



202 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

schools of the town furnished, and these he was able to 
attend only in the winter season, his father requiring his 
services during the summer. After he was twenty-one 
years of age, he taught school for several winters. His 
opportunities therefore for instruction were not great, 
but such as they were he improved. In later life, when 
trying to make up his deficiency in this respect, often 
did he regret his lack of a thorough classical education. 
As an instance of his persistence in the pursuit of knowl- 
edge, it is related that, when a young man, he purchased 
a Johnson's Pocket Dictionary, which for many years he 
carried with him, so that when he heard an unfamiliar 
word he might at once seek its meaning and history. 
And surely for one whose days were busily spent in till- 
ing the soil, his literary taste was cultivated under ad- 
verse circumstances ; few farmers find time or inclination 
to read even the most common English classics, but with 
very many of these he was familiar. 

In character he was free from vice or evil habit — sim- 
ple in his taste — scrupulously honest, unsuspicious and 
open-hearted, sincere in action and expression. He be- 
lieved there was much that was good in all men, and was 
ever ready to help the fallen and assist the needy. Gen- 
erous to a fault, but with that which he thought to be 
wrong he would make no compromise. A thorough 
patriot, he loved his native country and his native town. 
He died at the age of seventy-four years, respected and 
beloved by the people of lirimfield. 

John Merrick Warren was born in Brimfield, Massa- 
chusetts, September 6, 1797, his father, Philemon Warren. 
being the fourth of descent from Daniel Warren, son of 
John, born in England, who emigrated to the Colony of 
Massachusetts in 1630, settling at Watertown in this 
State. 

The founder of the family was one of three brothers 



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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 203 

who came over in companionship, the two latter hav- 
ing located, one in New Hampshire, and the other 
(the ancestor of General Joseph Warren) in Roxbury, 
Massachusetts. The father of John Merrick Warren was 
therefore a collateral relation of the martyr of Bunker 
Hill as second cousin. 

The subject of our notice received the usual advan- 
tages of a country school, finishing his education at the 
academy in Monson, then the institution most resorted to 
by the young men of his native town. He followed the 
avocation of his father, and was associated with him in 
the tanning and finishing of leather. 

In the year 1818, for the purpose of gratifying his 
desire to travel, and incidentally for business purposes, 
he made a tour of the South, at that period an important 
undertaking, sailing from Boston to Richmond, Va., 
thence going through portions of Virginia, North Caro- 
lina, Georgia, and as far as Huntsville in northern Ala- 
bama. Returning after an absence of several months, he 
entered immediately upon the pursuit of his calling, and 
from small beginnings developed a large and remunera- 
tive business, comprising both the manufacture of 
leather, and of boots and shoes, which, during many 
years following, materially promoted the prosperity of 
the town. 

It may be remembered that in consequence of the 
financial troubles of 1837, so disastrously afiecting the 
southern States, there were but few houses dealing with 
that section of the country, able to sustain themselves. 
The firm of P. Warren & Sons, (of which John M. War- 
ren was the senior active member,) then suffered losses 
sufficient to sweep away almost their entire accumula- 
tions, and after struggling for a considerable time against 
adverse circumstances, were finally compelled to succumb. 

Later, and in connection with his son James J. Warren, 



204 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

he again embarked in the leather trade, and so continued 
during the remainder of his life. 

His capacity for mercantile pursuits if not complete 
was of a high order, possessing quick and accurate judg- 
ment in all matters pertaining to his calling. Of his 
character as a man, his remembrance is without a single 
act to need charity of opinion, in the retrospect of his 
earnest life. 

Married in his twenty-second year (1819) to Miss 
Rachel Harvey, his whole domestic life was without 
blemish. He reared a family of two sons and four 
daughters, all of whom yet survive him, together with a 
widowed wife by a second marriage. 

As a citizen, he enjoyed the regard and confidence of 
his fellow-townsmen, and had confided to him honorable 
and responsible trusts. In 1831, he was one of the 
Board of Selectmen, in 1836 he represented his town in 
the State Legislature, and was its treasurer in the years 
1839-40-41-42. 

With a large and intelligent public spirit, benevolent 
in contribution, and active in his influence in all that ele- 
vates a community, his long and busy life was without 
cause for reproach or censure. He died in his native 
town, on the sixth day of September, 1868. 

Fitz Henry Warren, the youngest son of Philemon 
Warren, was born in Brimfield, January 11, 1816, after 
going through the usual course of the town school, with 
one or more terms at Wilbraham academy, he commenced 
his business life in New York city as clerk in a mercan- 
tile house ; from thence he went to Petersburg, Va., where 
he was with Paul McEiwain & Co., for one or more years, 
when he returned to Massachusetts, and continued in the 
same business at Chicopee. From 1835 to December, 
1843; he was connected with his father and brother in 
the manufacture of leather, boots and shoes at Brimfield. 




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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 205 

During his residence here at that period the Rifle Com- 
pany^ having become reduced in numbers and efficiency, 
was by the efforts of Mr. Warren and others recruited by 
enlistments to a full company, of which he was chosen 
captain June 12, 1837; he was promoted the next year, 
and in 1840 was colonel of the Tenth Regiment of Massa- 
chusetts volunteer militia. While in these positions he 
exhibited the same qualities, which in after life were 
conspicuous in the service of his country in the war of 
the rebellion. 

In 1844, he emigrated to and located in Burlington, 
Iowa; here he was engaged in mercantile business, and for 
several years was connected with the Burlington Hawk- 
eye as editor ; here, as previously in his native State, tak- 
ing an active part in politics, and was chairman of the 
Whig State Committee. In 1849, he was appointed by 
President Taylor, first assistant postmaster general. In 
this high and responsible position he displayed such judg- 
ment and business tact as to secure general commenda- 
tion ; resigning the office in 1852, he had charge of the 
National Whig Committee during the Scott Presidential 
Campaign. 

Returning to Iowa in 1853, he was engaged in bank- 
ing and steamboating on the Mississippi River. Notwith- 
tanding his business pursuits, he continued active in poli- 
tics, a zealous worker and efficient speaker in every Na- 
tional and State election. After the election in I860, his 
name was prominent among those mentioned for the 
office of postmaster general. It is said his former posi- 
tion in the department was offered him, which he declined. 
In 1861, he was assistant editor of the New Yo7'k Trib- 
buney at the head of the staff in Washington, and was 
the author of the famous " On to Richmond " corres- 
pondence. 

He resigned this position to take command of the First 



20G BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Iowa Cavalry, one of the first volunteer cavalry regi- 
ments mustered into the service of the United States ; 
he was promoted to Brigadier General in August, 1862 ; 
he was afterward made Brevet Major General. 

In the State canvass of 1863, General Warren's name 
was prominent before the convention as candidate for the 
office of governor of Iowa. In the fall of that year, he 
was ordered to New Orleans, afterward to Matagorda 
Island and given a brigade command ; soon after he was 
appointed to command the First Division of the Thir- 
teenth Army Corps, stationed near Indianola, Texas. 
In June, 1864, he was appointed to a district command, 
with head-quarters at Baton Rouge. 

In the following summer, his health having failed, he 
was relieved from command, and placed on duty in New 
York City, where he remained until the close of the war. 

General Warren was elected to the Iowa Senate in 
]866, and served one term. He was appointed minister 
to Guatemala the same year, and resided there with his 
family till 1869, when he resigned, returning to Iowa the 
same year ; he afterward was engaged in the construction 
of several railroads in the states of Iowa, Missouri and 
Nebraska. 

He joined the Liberals in the Presidential Campaign of 
1872, taking a prominent part in the convention at Cin- 
cinnati, and was at the head of the Iowa electoral ticket. 
In 1875-6, he was employed at Washington and New 
York, as writer for the New York Sun. 

lie married Sophia Hannah Bartlett* Oct. 29, 1838; 
of their family of three sons and one daughter, of whom 
one son, Francis Johnson, and the daughter, Lily Johnson, 
are living. 

Samuel Austin Hitchcock was born in Brimfield, Janu- 
ary 1), 1794. His father. Gad Hitchcock, was a native of 

♦Mrs. Warren died at Brimfield, April 16, 1877. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 207 

Union, Ct., and in early life served the usual apprentice- 
ship in the tailor's trade with Mr. Gates, a clothier of 
East Brimfield, but for many years he was a hatter by 
trade. He married Keziah, daughter of Lieut. Samuel 
Bates of East Brimfield. She was a notable housekeeper, 
and the household thrived under her care. Her son 
owed to her careful training, much of that thrift and 
enterprise that marked his after life. 

The boy Samuel was a dutiful son, a hard-working, in- 
dustrious lad, and early in life supported himself by his 
own efforts. His necessities prevented him from enjoy- 
ing the privileges of any higher education than such as 
the common schools of his town afforded. It was a de- 
privation that he keenly felt, as he saw one and another 
of his youthful companions enrolling themselves among 
the students of Monson Academy, and it had much to do 
with the special sympathy which he afterwards cherished 
for young men debarred by poverty, as he had been, 
from the enjoyment of advantages which others could 
afford. He attended school only during the winter 
terms; working on a farm, " riding post," or being en- 
gaged as " store-boy " during the summer season. One 
winter, when he was seventeen years old, he was asked 
to take charge of a district school, and though the school 
had been somewhat notorious for the turbulency of the 
scholars, his administration was a successful one. We 
give on the opposite page a fac-simile of the selectmen's 
order for his pay as teacher of this school. 

The next year, March 23, 1812, he left home in search 
of more remunerative employment, with one dollar of 
borrowed money in his pocket, and all his spare clothing 
tied up in a blue striped handkerchief. He found a place 
in the store of Bela Tiffany of Dudley, and so devoted 
himself to the interests of his employer during the first 
year, that at its close, he was rewarded with a gratuity 



208 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

of $50, a large sum in those days, " for extra services 
during the year." This he at once deposited in the 
Savings bank and, as illustrative of the maxim which 
governed his financial management all through life, 
namely, never to withdraw an investment, this same fifty 
dollars remained to his credit in the same bank at the 
time of his death. 

In 1820, he went to Boston, and there in connectioA 
with Matthias Armsby and Thatcher Tucker, established, 
under the name of Armsby, Tucker & Co., the first dry 
goods commissioh house in New England, whose special 
business was the sale of goods manufactured by the dif- 
ferent cotton mills then recently established. It does not 
appear that any capital was required, yet when at the end 
of fifteen months the partnership was dissolved by mutual 
consent, Mr. Hitchcock received $3,000 as his share of 
the assets. He retained his connection with this house 
through various changes, until 1839, though, his health 
being somewhat impaired, he left Boston in 1831, and 
went to Southbridge to act as agent of the Hamilton 
Woolen Company, which position he held for eleven 
years. He represented the town in the Legislature in 
1836, and from 1836 to 1842, was president of the South- 
bridge bank. 

At this time he retired from active business, and re- 
turned to Brimfield, where he had in 1832 purchased a 
house for his widowed mother. With her, and with his 
sister's family, he enjoyed for many years the restful 
quiet of a happy, well-ordered home. After his mother's 
death in 1858, and the subsequent removal of his sister's 
family, he continued to live in the same quiet, unosten- 
tatious way until his death, November 23, 1873. 

He accumulated during his life a large fortune. 
Wealth was not with him, however, an object of desire 
for its own sake. He held it as a sacred trust He be- 




J.J J-^^r.L- •' 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 209 

lieved that God had given to him a talent for saving 
money, and training himself to habits of prudent econ- 
omy, he accumulated property by the slow process of 
adding a dollar earned to a dollar saved, rather than by 
risking a fortune for the chance of effecting an inflation 
of value. In the distribution of his wealth, he believed 
it to be his duty to contribute to objects and institutions of 
established and permanent value, rather than to those of 
only transient importance. He early became interested 
in Amherst College, and the aggregate of his donations 
to that institution, amounted to $175,000. His donations 
to Andover Theological Seminary, aggregate $120,000. 
In each of these institutions there is a Hitchcock Profess- 
orship, endowed through his beneficence. Other funds 
given were designed specially as scholarships, to pay 
the term bills of indigent students, or as contingent 
funds- He took an interest in the relation which his 
benefactions sustained to each other. Hence he founded 
an academy, (Hitchcock Free High School,) gave funds 
for colleges, added to the endowments of theological 
seminaries, and aided in building houses of worship, — 
thus providing means for helping young men in their 
entire course of study, and securing for them, if preach- 
ers, houses of worship to give efficiency to their labors. 
His donations to various institutions, as appears from 
published statements, amounted in the aggregate to very 
nearly $650,000. 

Dea. David Brown and his wife, Molly (Watson) Brown, 
with a family of eight children ; Samuel Watson, born 
November 28, 1779; Nabby, born April 25, 1782 j Molly, 
bom April 25, 1784; David, born July 12, 1788; died at 
Brimfield, July 25, 1808; James, born July 30, 1790; 
Lydia Berthia, born November 27, 1795; Cyrel Read, 
born April 5, 1798 ; removed from Ashford, Conn., to 
Brimfield, in 1805, and settled on the farm now owned 

27 



210 biogralPhical sketches. 

by James B. Brown,* where he resided about eleven 
years, when he removed to the west part of the town, 
where he remained until his decease, November 5, 1829. 
Deacon Brown was the son of James, the fourth of the 
name, and of the fifth generation in the line of descent 
from John Brown, who came to this county about 1634, 
and settled in that part of Plymouth Colony, now the 
towns of Swansea and Eehobeth, Mass., and Warren and 
Barrington, R. I. ; frequent mention being made of him 
and his sons James and John, in the records of those 
towns, also in the Plymouth Colony records, John Brown 
purchased Wamimosett in 1645. " He and his son James 
were witnesses to grand deed of sales of land from 
Osameguim, (Massasoit), and his oldest son Wamsetto, on 
March 29, 1653." John Brown was Governor's assistant 
for seventeen years, and commissioner for the Colony 
eleven years. He died at Wamimosett, near Rehobeth, 
April 10, 1662. 

James Brown, father of David, was born January, 23, 
1715. He resided in Barrington, R. I. Charles 0. Brown, 
one of his descendants, has in his possession, handed down 
from family to flimily, the original warrant from William 
Foye, Treasurer and Receiver General of the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay, dated November 6, 1745, directed to 
James Brown, Collector of Barrington, requiring him to 
collect sixty-five pounds the same being that town's pro- 
portion of a Province tax, the warrant specifying the 
price he should allow for various commodities, and prod- 
ucts receivable for taxes. In 1777, James Brown re- 
moved Avith his family to Ashford, Conn., where he died 
November 22, 1782, and where his son David resided till 
his removal to Brimfield. 

Samuel W. Brown, engaged in the mercantile business 
soon after the removal of the family to Brimfield, occupy- 



^Descendant of Jonathan Brown. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 211 

ing the "Red Store," afterwards used by P. Warren & 
Sons, for a counting-room, and building the house, (since 
enlarged), now occupied by James J. Warren. He was 
not successful in the business, and removed to Canajoharie, 
N. Y., where he died November 10, 1813. 

James Brown, the year previous to the removal of the 
family to Brimfield, was apprenticed to Marquis Converse 
to learn the trade of a saddler, and so much of harness 
making as was then required. At the expiration of his 
apprenticeship, he removed to Canajoharie, N. Y., where 
he carried on the business for several years. After the 
decease of his brother Samuel, he returned to Brimfield, 
and bought out Mr. Converse, and carried on the business 
of saddle and harness-making, alone and with his son, 
Henry F., for about forty years. 

He was appointed Deputy Sheriff about 1825, and held 
the office by successive appointments for nearly twenty- 
five years, doing a large business in Eastern Hampden. 
*^ Jim Brown," with his horse and gig being as well known 
in the towns of Brimfield, Holland, and Wales, as the vil- 
lage physician. He, early in its history, identified him- 
self with the cause of temperance, and for many years 
was prominent in his efforts for the suppression of the 
evils resulting from the traffic in intoxicating liquors. 
He was a firm believer in both " moral and legal sua- 
sion,'* and in 1848, wishing so far as possible to relieve 
the town from the evil effects of the sale of liquors at 
the hotel, purchased the property, for the sum of $2,000, 
one-fifth of the amount being raised by subscription, and 
paid towards its purchase on condition that the hotel 
should be kept as a Temperance House ; and as showing 
the good results of the effort, from that time to the 
present, with the exception of two years, the hotel has 
been successfully kept without the sale of spirituous 
liquors. Mr. Brown died March 18, 1859, aged 69. He 



212 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

married, October 22, 1815, Emily, daughter of Theodore 
Field; they had seven children, five of whom survive 
them. 

Cyrel Read Brown, the youngest of the family, remained 
on the farm with his parents, and received the usual edu- 
cation afforded by the town schools, with the addition of 
private 'instruction by Rev. J. Vaill ; he commenced 
teaching when eighteen years old, and with one excep- 
tion taught for sixteen successive winters, when, owing 
to the increasing cares of his farm and family, he was 
obliged to relinquish the profession, although through 
life he was active in the cause of education, serving as 
one of the board of school committee eight years. Resid- 
ing four miles from the center of the town in one of the 
small school districts, he felt keenly the inequality and 
injustice of the method for the division of the money 
raised for the support of schools ; allowing to each dis- 
trict only the amount they paid, while he claimed and 
advocated that every pupil in town was entitled to equal 
rights and so far as their location would permit, should 
receive equal advantages from the money raised for 
schools ; he lived to see this principle adopted by the 
town, and the school district system abolished years be- 
fore the compulsory statute for that purpose. In this as 
in other matters he was governed by the principle of 
" the greatest good to the greatest number." In 1853, 
he left his farm in the care of his son and removed to 
Westfield where he resided several years to give his 
daughters an opportunity to attend the Normal School 
and qualify for teaching. Mr. Brown was often elected 
to town office, serving eight years as assessor, five years 
as selectman, and in many other offices, discharging the 
duties in all with credit to himself and to the acceptance 
of his fellow townsmen. From boyhood he was interested 
in the military profession. In 1822, August 26, he was 






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212 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 213 

chosen Ensign of the West Militia Company of Brimfield ; 
was elected Lieutenant 1823, July 24, and Captain 1827, 
July 5. In 1828, on petition of Cyrel R. Brown and 
others the West company of Militia was disbanded, and 
the petitioners w^ere authorized to raise by voluntary en- 
listments a rifle company, "provided forty-five members 
are enrolled.'* These conditions having been fulfilled, 
1828, May 6, Mr. Brown was elected captain of the com- 
pany. While under his command the company was noted 
for accuracy of drill, precision of movement, soldierly 
bearing and deportment. Captain Brown was elected 
major of the regiment, but declining to accept the posi- 
tion, he continued in command of the company for three 
years when he resigned his commission and retired from 
active participation in military affairs. At the re-union 
of the company September 22, 1862, forty-five members 
present; July 4, 1865, forty-four members present, and 
July 4, 18C6, at the dedication of the soldiers' monument, 
forty members present. He, as senior captain, was in 
command for the day, as erect and with the martial spirit ' 
of his youthful days. 

In November, 1831, he united with the Congregational 
Church and through life was one of its most active and 
influential members. He was chosen Deacon November 
22, 1838, and held the office till his decease, nearly thirty- 
one years. His interest in the cause of educfition led 
him to take an active interest in the Sunday-school con- 
nected with the Church, of which he was Superintendent 
for nearly tw^enty-five years, discharging the varied duties 
of the office with marked ability, and to the acceptance 
of the Church and community. He died of apoplexy, 
September 4, 1869, eleven days previous to the celebra- 
tion of the fiftieth anniversary of the organization of the 
Sunday-school, and to which, knowing as he did more of 
the school and its scholars than any other person, he was 



214 BIOGRAPHICAL SEBTCHES. 

expected to present much that would add to the interest 
of the occasion. 

Much might be added in commendation of the charac- 
ter and services of Deacon Brown, but his long continued, 
varied and successful service for the public, both civil and 
religious, is a better eulogy upon his character than any 
we can give. He married June 14, 1821, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Oliver Blair. They had nine children, six of whom 
survive him. 

Of the men who have been prominent in the town for 
the last twenty-five years, perhaps no one is more deserv- 
ing of notice than Dea. Paul W. Paige. 

He came to Brimfield just previous to the formation of 
the party known as Abolitionists. Having lost all faith 
in the anti-slavery resolutions of the Whig party, with 
which he had been identified, and believing the question 
of slavery was of more importance than any or all the 
questions which divided the old political parties, he 
identified himself with the new organization, fully real- 
lizing the fact that it was to have a long and arduous 
struggle. 

Yet never for a moment did he doubt its ultimate tri- 
umph. It is not easy for the younger portion of the 
community to realize the prejudice created against the 
little band of men, who stood up to be counted in the 
midst of a community a large portion of whom regarded 
them as little better than fanatics, and yet, year after 
year they stood, turning neither to the right or left, with 
the motto, " No compromise with evil," absolutely refus- 
ing to make any concession to either of the old parties ; 
with no hope of success for themselves, for years. Truly 
it required a heroism rarely met with. 

The history of our country to this day furnishes no 
better evidence of true heroism than did the old Aboli- 
tionists. Among them Deacon Paige was recognized 




(>rcc-i.-iA' w e/ix.<^,<^ 



/ 



BIOORAPHICAL SKETCHES. 215 

through their entire history, as one of their leaders in 
Brimfield, and not only on this question, but in all the 
movements for reform he bore a prominent part. 

Notwithstanding the existing prejudices, through them 
all he ever manifested that serenity of disposition which 
comes only from a consciousness of being in the right, 
and such was the Christian spirit he uniformly manifested 
that the more candid portion of our people w^ere ready 
to admit sincerity of purpose, and finally, when the great 
question was settled, our whole people saw and were 
ready to acknowledge not only the purity of motive that 
had governed him but that in the main he had been in 
the right. In the space allotted to individual history in 
this volume, 'tis impossible to do justice to his character, 
and perhaps 'tis sufficient to say that Brimfield has had 
few men whose influence will be felt for a longer time, 
none who have been more uniformly true to to their con- 
victions than Paul W. Paige. 

He was the son of Deacon Paul and Peninah (Hamner) 
Paige, and was born at Hardwick, Mass., Jan. 10, 1807. 
His mother died when he was seven years old, and from 
that time he lived but little at home. Soon after the 
mother's death, the family moved to Hardwick, Vt., where 
Paul received a very scanty school education, attending 
the common school a few weeks in the winter till about 
fourteen. He was one of a family of thirteen children. 

Paul was married to Mary, daughter of Elias Tarbell, 
Sept. 17, 1835; they had five children: Mary L., George 
W., Ellen W., Charles W. and Delisa T. ; of these, Mary 
and Delisa are still living. 

George W. was one of four young men, who first en- 
listed in the army and gave his life for his country. It 
marks not only the interest his father took in the cause, 
but also the unselfishness of his disposition, that he ad- 
vised his son to go to the war, although his own health 



21G BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

had for some time been such that he felt sorely the need 
of his labor. 

Immediately following his marriage, Deacon Paige 
went to North Brookfield to live, where he remained un- 
til March, 1838, when he came to Brimfield, where he 
spent the rest of his life. The wife and mother died 
Nov. 18, 1860. He was again married April 28, 1863, 
to Catherine P., daughter of James Brown. 

Deacon Paige held a number of important official po- 
sitions in town, was a member of the Legislature of 1855 
and took an active and prominent part for a new mem- 
ber. He believed in and voted for the law prohibiting 
the sale of ardent spirits, but advised that it be so framed 
as to exempt beer and cider from its restrictions, and 
although a radical temperance and "prohibitory law*' 
man, he held ever that it was a mistake to try to prevent 
by legislation the use of these light drinks. 

He was elected to the Legislature of 1859, serving 
with credit to himself and the town. He was one of the 
joint coniinittee on railways, then as now, one of the im- 
portant committees of the Legislature. Really he never 
(lid anything for the town that was not done to his and 
its credit. 

Sept. 3, 18G2, he was appointed Assistant Assessor for 
the lOtli Massachusetts district, having specially assigned 
to him the towns of Brimfield, Monson, Wales and Hol- 
land, and held the office till June, 1868. 

Always prominent, but in the last years of his life more 
eminent still was his earnest Christian character. It had 
ever been life of his life ; the governing principal in all 
his service, whether to family, town, state or country. 
It was steadfast faith, and bright hope in his God which 
made him what he was, loved and honored by all. In a 
few words of his own may well be shown his idea of a 
Christian life : '' I will say that Christ is all to me and is 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHSS. 217 

available for faith, and love and power, and death to sin, 
and life in holiness to each and every true believer, now, 
as fully as in the days of the apostles." His heart and 
soul seemed centered in the church, for which he had 
labored faithfully and untiringly. He was ever ready 
with words of encouragement, earnest appeal, and prayers 
of faith. Although in sickness suffering intensely, yet to 
the hours of his death, he was anxious and interested in 
its welfare and true Christian growth. To any who came 
to him for advice, he gave it with a clearness and sound 
judgment, which was convincing and satisfying. Genial 
and true, his life seemed to throw out an atmosphere of 
strength and cheer about him. He died April 14, 1876, 
after a long and painful sickness, mourned and beloved 
by all who knew him. He left as the richest legacy 
within the power of man to leave, the influence and 
memory of a life nobly lived. 

I have thus given you, in as brief compass as was prac- 
ticable, some results of the researches I have made in the 
time I could take from other duties during the last two 
months. Such an undertaking is usually the occupation 
of many years, often of a life-time. I have only begun a 
work which, I trust, will now be t^ken up and carried 
forward to some fuller measure of completeness. By 
few, only, is the labor involved in the preparation of such 
local histories appreciated ; by few, only, can it be per- 
formed. I have selected only such facts and incidents as 
I thought would have some gejieral interest, out of a vast 
mass of materials that has accumulated on my hands. It 
is with the hope of inspiring in the people of Brimfield 
a laudable ambition to be worthy of their sires, that I 
have undertaken to discharge the duty which President 
Grant has recommended to the people of every town in 
the United States. We all, I presume, recognize the ap- 

28 



218 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

propriateness of such a Centennial commemoration of the 
lives and labors of the patriotic and honored ancestry to 
whom, imder God, we owe the country which we are 
proud to call our native land. We rejoice to welcome 
to-day, to old Brimfield, relatives and friends from War- 
ren, Palmer, Monson, Holland and Wales, that are 
grouped around this, their mother-town, like children 
around their mother's knees. We rejoice to welcome, 
also, the foster-children who have carried the name to 
other and far-off States, and built up there communities 
of similar thrift and stability — Brimfield, Ohio, Brimfield, 
Illinois, and Brimfield, Indiana. 

From old Brimfield have gone forth to every section of 
our land our brightest and our best, and our gathering 
to-day, representing all sections, must go far towards 
proving that local attachments serve to intensify, not dis- 
sipate, our common love for our common country. 

**Dear to us the South 's fair land, 
Dear the central mountain band, 

Dear the prairied West." 

We are children of the past, and I have sought to sat- 
isfy in some measure the filial reverence that prompts us 
to learn Avhat we can of the lives and labors of our an- 
cestors. But it is fiir from my purpose to advocate or 
encourage a superstitious veneration for the past. There 
is a blind, senseless conservatism, which, in seeking vainly 
to preserve the old, simply because it is old, would make 
us slaves of the past. It is the ordinance of God, that 
many things shall die and be forgotten. It is hard to 
tell which is the more reprehensible, the superstition 
of olden times, that made mummies of the dead, or 
the callous-heartedness of modern days, that makes fuel 
of them. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 219 

We are children of immortality, and heirs of Heaven. 
We have a future as well as a past. How to develop a 
true Christian brotherhood among our people, and among 
the nations of the earth, is the problem of our times. A 
true, worthy social life can be built up only on the basis 
of a true individual life. It is a process of construction 
as well as of growth. The spirit of life which is within 
the soul, originating in principles of righteousness most 
fully developed in the life of Christ, and by Him commu- 
nicated to all who are truly Christian, in this process of 
construction and growth, uses all physical forces as well 
as all good social influences. 

In closing this review of our fathers' toils and trials, 
aspirations and achievements, I hope that every soul here 
will feel the duty of the present. That duty is neither 
contempt for the past, nor contentment with it. Nor is 
it doubt and despondency in regard to the future. As 
Coleridge truly says, ^ Faith in the perpetual progression 
of human nature towards perfection will in some shape 
always be the creed of virtue." It was once said to Na- 
poleon Bonaparte, " Sire, your son must be brought up 
with the utmost care in order to be able to replace you." 
** Replace me ! " he replied; "I cannot replace myself. 
I am the child of destiny." It is true, in a sense, that 
each one of us has his own divine mission, his own spe- 
cial work, which no one but himself can do. But it is 
also true that history repeats itself. . National progress, 
social progress is a perpetual exodus to a promised land. 
The duty of the present is to have regard for the future 
as well as the past. 

"New occasions teach new duties, 
Time makes ancient good uncouth. 
They must upward still and onward 
Who would keep abreast of Truth. 



220 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Lo ! before us gleam her camp-firesy 

We ourselves must pilgrims be ; 

Launch our Mayflower and boldly steer, 

In faith that shrinks not from the desperate winter sea."* 



* The address, as now printed, waa not read in fall on the day of the celebra* 
tion. Only such passages were read as it waa supposed would be of ipedil 
interest. It waa the writer's intention to supplement the brief preparation made for 
the anniversary occasion, by farther researches among public records and famiij 
papers. But the writer's remoral fVom the country put an end abruptly to this 
supplementary work, and must serve as an apology also fur the inaccorades of 
statement and inelegancies of expression, which the writer has had no opportunity 
to correct. 

Many of the biographical sketches have been prepared since the address wai 
written, and the work which Mr. Hjde left unfinished was completed by others. 




TUWM HOUSE, ERECTED lH UTS. 



APPENDIX. 



-•^-•- 



ADDRESS OF WELCOME BY CAPT. F. D. LINCOLN. 

Friends : — I welcome you to this day's festivities in behalf of all 
there is left of the good old town of Brimfield. Not that I would be- 
little the present town in any sense other than that of numbers; on 
the contrary I declare and will " stoutly maintain " that we have as 
noble hearts here to-day as any of which the town could ever boast. 
Men and women who sympathize with their fellows in the days of 
their adversity, and rejoice in their prosperity ; aye, who make the 
joys and sorrows of others their otm, thus fulfilling the grandest in- 
junction ever laid on mortal, " Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- 
self.'* 

To-day our fathers are to pass in review before us. I know how 
gladly you will applaud the recital of their virtues ; I trust you will 
be as ready to spread the mantle of charity over their faults, remem- 
bering that one hundred years from to-day our children's children will 
gather on this very spot, perhaps, to review the history we have made, 
and are making. Heaven help us all so to live that when they shall 
come to review our history, they may find as much to approve, as little 
to condemn, as we now do in reviewing the history of our fathers. 

But I am reminded that it is not my part to occupy your time by 
much speaking ; rather is it my duty to name those who are to ad- 
dress yon, and as a part of that duty I now introduce to you one to 
whom many of you have often listened with pleasure, the Rev. Dr. 
Hyde. 

CAPT. LINCOLN'S INTRODUCTION OF REV. CHARLES 

HAMMOND. 

EiLLOW Citizens: — You have been told to-day that the town of 
Monson was the elder daughter of Brimfield. Among her citizens I 
see here one who has shown a deep interest in the early history of the 
New England towns, and who, I doubt not, is charged with some mes- 
sage he is willing to deliver, and I know you will be glad to receive, 
the Bey. Charles Hammond. 



222 APPENDIX. 

REMARKS OF REV. CHARLES HAMMOND, OF MONSON. 

The early settlement of Brimfield, is a matter of common interest to 
all the towns and parts of towns, included in its ancient domain. The 
separation of the original territory, into towns or districts, took place 
more than a century ago, and was made with entire amity and the 
good-will of the people in the several divisions. 

The people of Monson and the other towns, once incorporated with 
Brimfield, must consider it an instance of rare good fortune, that the 
Historical Address of this occasion, has been allotted to one, so well 
qualified for the service. We rejoice in the revelation made by his 
study of the records and traditions, which relate to the first settlement 
of Brimfield. The names of the early fathers and founders, are thus 
saved from oblivion ; their heroic deeds are made known to their de 
scendaiits, and thus the dead live again, in the real and permanent in- 
fluence of their character and example. 

The path of the antiquarian and the path of the pioneer settler, both 
lead fo the wilderness, but from opposite points of history. The an- 
tiquarian searches out the trail of the earliest emigrants. He finds 
where they camped at night-fall, and, where, weary of wandering, they 
settled in their first homes, in that interminable forest, which once cov- 
ered these hills and vales, where the savage roamed by day and the wolf 
howled by night. 

The orator of the occasion has revealed to us these ancient habita- 
tions, and made us acquainted with their occupants. If he has not 
brought them before us, face to face, he has given us their thoughts 
and purposes, in veritable documents, relating to the foundations of 
social life, established in the undivided town of Brimfield. 

Great changes have transpired, since the founders of this town ven- 
tured to invade this land of the Nipnets. The Philadelphia exposition 
is the type of our modern civilization, in its forms, forces and results, 
as made manifest to those countless throngs, gathered during the 
sunny months of this centennial year, from all the sections of our own 
broad realm, and from the remotest lands beyond the sea. 

How diverse the times and scenes, the habits and the customs of 
the homespun life of our ancestors, as this day presented. Their 
primitive institutions, civil and religious, seemed as simple and unde- 
monstrative as we can conceive ; but the manhood of those ancestors 
of ours was transcendently great. Xo nation was ever founded by 
braver or better men. 

Monson was incorporated, as a district, in 1760, with all the rights 
of a town, except that of corporate representation in the legislature. 
This distinctive and most important right and function, according to 



APPENDIX. 223 

the primitive constitution of a New England town, was conferred in 
1775, and the first town meeting was held December 29th of that year. 

" The progress of freedom," of which so much is said, has reduced the 
town of Monson, after enjoying this right for nearly a century, once 
more to the legal condition of a district, as it was during the first fif- 
teen years of its corporate existence. The territorial limits of the 
legislative constituency to which Monson now belongs, are nearly the 
same as the original boundaries of the town of Brimfield. 

The best authority for the early local history of Monson, is the His- 
torical Discourse of Kev. Dr. Alfred Ely, preached December 22d, 1820, 
in commemoration of the Landing of the Pilgrims. It contains a 
brief, but invaluable record of facts, which has served as the basis of 
the sketches, published by Dr. Holland, in his History of Western 
Massachusetts, and by other authors. Dr. Ely gives the names of the 
ten original proprietors, out of the whole number, eighty-four, who 
settled in the western part of the township ; some, whose lots lay in 
the eastern part, sold or exchanged them and removed to the west 
part. Among them, was Capt. D. Hitchcock, and Thomas Stebbins, 
the ancestor of the Stebbins families. Captain Hitchcock died in 
1763, and was the first person buried in Monson. Previously 
to the separation, the people attended public worship and buried their 
dead in the east part of the town. 

Dr. Ely has recorded the names of the forty-nine families, in the 
district at the time of its incorporation in 1760. The population did 
3iot then exceed 350. In sixty years from that date, that is in 1820, 
the number of families had increased to 328, and the population from 
^50 to 2,126. No measures were taken to build a meeting-house, to 
organize a church, or settle a minister, till the separation of the dis- 
trict from Brimfield. The first meeting-house was raised May 20th, 
1762. On the 23d of June following, the people met in the unfinished 
structure, to organize the first church, and settle their first minister, 
Bev. Abishai Sabin. 

The first actual settler in what is now the town of Monson, was 
Robert Olds, an original proprietor. He came from Springfield, but 
was born at Windsor, Conn., October 9, 1670, the son of Robert Old, 
and his wife Susannah Hanford. In the Windsor records, the name 
is variously spelled Old, Olds and Ould. The exact date of his com- 
ing to Monson is not known, but Dr. Ely says, " he commenced here 
about the same time the settlement in Brimfield began." This must 
have been as early as 1715. He lived on the farm, in the north part 
of the town, owned in later times, by Dea. Royal Merrick. 

All the original proprietors of Monson came, according to Dr. Ely, 



224 APPENDIX. 

from tlie river towns. With the genealogy of these proprietors, Doctor 
Ely was familiar. He was himself a native of West Springfield, bom 
in 1778, four years after its separation from the very large town of 
ancient Springfield in 1774. Probably no man has lived in Monson 
so well acquainted with the history of its early inhabitants, and of the 
second generation, who took part in the war of the Revolution. It is 
deeply to be regretted, that his extensive and minute knowledge of the 
history of the town, of which he was the pastor nearly sixty years, was 
nearly all buried with him in the dust. 

The traditions relative to the Grant of the General Court to Richard 
Fellows, of 200 acres on the south side of Chicopee river, have been 
erroneously blended with the early settlement of the towns of Monson 
and Brimfield. These traditions first appear in Dr. Ely's sermon, 
and have been copied in Dr. Holland's History of Western Massachu- 
setts, and in other narratives. 

The grant to Richard Fellows, was made to him as an individual, 
and not as an associate in any company, like a town corporation, on 
certain conditions, which he never fulfilled. His grant, like those of 
Elliot, Winthrop, Saltonstall, Collins and Hutchinson, located in Stur- 
bridge and other places in this region, was made at a very early period. 
It was surveyed by George Colton and Benjamin Cooley, the earliest 
settlers of Longmeadow, in 1657. The conditions of the grant and a 
copy of the survey with a plan, are found in the State archives. It 
comprised within its limits the so called Frank Morgan farm. The 
survey w as made only 21 years after Springfield was settled, by Wil- 
liam Pynchon in 1636, and 44 years before Major John Pj-nchon, with 
his twenty associates, w^ent into the wilderness to spy out the land of 
Brimfield. 

Fellows w^as bound by the conditions of his grant, to build a suitable 
house of entertainment, and to occupy his land seven years. No house 
of entertainment was ever built by him, such as >vas required by very 
exact specifications. He may have lived on his farm long enough to 
prove the fact of occupancy. The next year after the survey he was 
in the employ of Thomas Clark, a relative of the Hutchinson family, 
as a surveyor of a Colony grant long known as Hutchinson's land. 
Fellows, assisted in his survey by Henry Chapin, located and his 
grant of 300 acres, within the bounds of the Connecticut Colony, on 
a hill, called Ocquebitucke, containing 500 acres, and situated, partly 
in the town of Union and partly in Ashford. — Mass. Col. Records, 
Vol. 4th, p. 356. He soon sold his farm on the Chicopee to the Hutch- 
inson family, by whom it was long retained. Fellows moved from 
Hartford to Springfield in 1659, according to Savage's account of him. 



APPENDIX. 225 

ft 

and from thence to Northampton. In 1661 he was at Hatfield, where 
he died in 1663. His eldest son, Richard Fellows, was killed at 
Springfield by the Indians, August 25th, 1676, in King Phillips 
war. 

The district of Monson was formed the very year, when the Revolu- 
tionary conflict began. Monson became a town about six months be- 
fore the Declaration of Independence. During those fifteen years of 
preparation for war, the political relations of Brimfield and Monson 
were connected as formerly, and they cordially sustained their repre- 
sentative, Timothy Danielson, who was a member of the Provincial 
Congress and a leading patriot of the colony. 

The people of Monson were of one mind and heart in their devotion 
to liberty. An efficient cause of their zeal, was the patriotism of their 
first minister, Mr. Sabin, and his successor, Mr. Ives. The pastorate 
of Mr. Sabin from 1763 to 1771, was brief, but overcast with the shad- 
ows of coming events. Ill-health prevented another settlement, and 
he died comparatively young. The antecedents and training of Mr. 
Sabin were fitted to inspire great devotion to the patriotic cause. He 
was one of eight young men of his native town of Pomfret, Conn., who 
graduated, as classmates, at Yale in 1759. Two of these young men 
-were civilians, and six were ministers of the gospel. All were patri- 
ots of the intense type, which characterized the townsmen and cotem- 
poraries of General Putnam, the commander in the battle of Bunker 
Hill. Among these classmates of Mr. Sabin, were Col. Ebenezer 
Crafts, an officer in the arnry of the Revolution, and the founder of 
licicester Academy in 1784, and the Rev. Joshua Paine, both resi- 
dents of Sturbridge, and both commemorated by Dr. Clark, in his his- 
tory of that town. Rev. Dr. Joseph Sumner of Shrewsbury, and Rev. 
!Ezra Weld of Braintree, the predecessor and colleague of Rev. Dr. 
Richard S. Storrs, were townsmen and classmates of Mr. Sabin. One 
of his relatives, Mr. Noah Sabin, was long a resident of Monson. He 
came from Pomfret, and was very active in the Revolution. The peo- 
ple of Monson, were earnest in their sympathy for Boston, when suffer- 
ing in consequence of the Port Bill, and sent a contribution to aid the 
people in their distress. The letter sent by a bearer with "the small 
present from the inhabitants of the small district of Monson,'' is a 
most interesting document. It is printed in the Massachusetts His- 
torical Collections, Volume 4th, Fourth Series, and shows that, al- 
though the district was "small," its people were plucky. It was 
addressed to the donation committee of Boston, of which Samuel Ad- 
ams and Joseph Warren were members, and was signed by Benjamin 
Munn^ Abel Goodell, and Noah Sabin. This letter was dated April 

29 



226 APPENDIX. 

5th, 1775, fourteen days before the battle of Lexington, and it con- 
tained the following words : 

" We send a testimonial of our firm adherence to the great cause 
you have asserted, in which everything dear to us is embarked. We 
would not be found wanting, in affording our utmost assistance to those 
involved in penury, on account of public liberty, and in vindication of 
our just rights. We profess a ready cheerfulness to shed our blood to 
oppose tyranny and oppression, much more to part with our substance 
to help our suffering friends/' 

Appended to the letter was a note as follows : 

"K. B. — We have eighty fellows in this district, a great part of 
whom are disciplined and excellent marksmen. I dare be bold to say 
that, at about thirty rods distant, they would pick up tories as fast as 
so many hawks would kick frogs from a frog pond." 

It is to be presumed these men responded to the Lexington alarm, 
and did good service as 8hari)-shooters at the battle of Bunker Hill. 
We know that nearly every able-bodied man served in the Army for 
longer or shorter terms. Bev. Jesse Ives served as chaplain, at one 
time, for six months ; at another, for a year. 

When the General Court called upon the people, to vote on the 
question of Independence, in the month of May, 1776, the town of 
Monson voted in the aflirniative, unanimously, and among the earliest 
records of town proceedings, the Declaration of Independence was cop- 
ied, verbatim, in accordance with a vote passed without dissent. 

CAPT. LINCOLN'S INTKODUCTION OF GEN. WARREN. 

We have with us one of our old citizens, and although he has not 
been with us much of the time for many years, has ever shown a deep 
interest in all that pertained to the welfare of his old home; indeed, 
I think I am safe in saying that wherever his duties may have called 
him, he ever has, and does now, consider Brimfield his home, I know 
not whether he can lay any claim to kinship with the General Warren 
of llevolutionary fame, but this I do know, that in giving his services 
to save our government in the war of the Bebellion, he showed as true 
patriotism as did Gen. Joseph Warren, in giving his life in defense of 
the principles on which the government was founded. But before ask- 
ing Gen. Fitz Henry Warren to address you, I will call on the band 
to give us " Hail to the Chief." 



APPENDIX. 227 

ADDRESS OF GEN. FITZ HENRY WARREN. 

Mr. President : — I thank you for the cordiality and the courtesy 
of your welcome. I cannot claim, however, any significance in the 
overture of your band, though delicate may be the compliment in- 
tended by you. I come in obedience to your invitation to participate 
wth you on this most felicitous occasion in which the skies and the 
soft air seem to have a perceptible sympathy. I come to you with the 
autumnal foliage passing to the fading and falling leaf. It glows in 
the glory of your autumn. I accept it as a type of the occasion and 
of that passing of myself and others into the autumnal period of 
life. 

My loyalty to my native town does not need illustration. In the 
events which have kept me in close communication with it more than 
any other one of your natives who have gone forth into the broader 
world, I have kept bright the links of association by frequent visits 
and occasional residences. It is dear to me in its aspects, in its land- 
scape^ in all the visible beauty which is spread out before us. The 
shading trees of its avenues and its public walks, have grown with my 
growth. I witnessed them when they were first planted in a conge- 
nial soil. They have now spread into broadness of shade and greenest 
of foliage. I have not only kept close my regard, but I have given 
higher evidence of my affection of my native town, by placing in the 
keep of its cemetery the remains of my children, tenderly loved and 
early lost in a distant climate and in a most antithetical scenery. It is 
my desire and my hope that when my own period is marked in the 
calendar of life, I shall join their companionship with her who has 
been to me, to elaborate the beautiful metaphor of Irving, the clinging 
vine of my prosperity and the sustaining oak of my adversity, and 
when we shall have 

" Climbed the world's great altar stairs 
That slope through darkness up to God," 

mingle what is mortal in the long slumber with which the stranger 
intermeddleth not. 

I may refer again to the beautiful configuration outlined in its am- 
phitheatre, with its sloping valley and its undulations of verdure. I 
have known it in the inclemency of winter, in the vernal softness of 
spring, the tropical heat of its summer and, as now, in its fading veg- 
etation and its Icafiess trunks. I cannot better embody my feelings 
than by a quotation from the living laureate of the Queen of Eng- 
land: 



228 APPENDIX. 

Dost thou look back on what has been. 
As some diTinelj gifted man 
Whose life in low estate began. 
And in a simple village grown ? 

Who breaks his birth's inyidious bar. 
And grasps the skirts of happj chance, 
And breasts the blows of circumstance, 
And grapples with his evil star. 

Who makes, bj force, his merit known, 
And lives to clutch the golden keys ; 
To mould a mighty State's decrees, 
And shape the whisper of the throne. 

And passing on from high to higher, 
Becomes on fortune's crowning slope, 
The pillar of a people's hope, 
The center of a world's desire. 

Yet feels as in a pensive dream. 
When all his active powers are still, 
A distant dearness in the hill, 
A secret sweetness in the stream. 

The limit to his narrower fate. 
While yet beside its vocal springs. 
He played at counsellors and kings 
With one who is his earliest mate . 

Who ploughs with pain his native lea, 
And renps the labor of his hands. 
Or in the furrow musing stands ; 
Does my old friend remember thee ? 

I disclaim the personal application which would seem a vanity of 
analogy, but I can feel to its fullest emotion the sentiments which run 
through the rhythm of the melody. 

But I pass, Mr. President, to the more immediate purpose which 
has been suggested to me as the substance of what I am to offer. I 
am penetrated by two emotions ; the one a desire to say something 
which may not be unworthy of the men to whom I shall refer, and the 
other that in my feeble condition of nerves I shall not be equal to the 
task. 

I take in the order of chronology the first of our residents whose 
dust is in your graveyard and whose name has an enduring and hon- 
ored place in your colonial and revolutionary history, Gren. Timothy 
Daniel son. I may remark that in the early struggle between the col- 
ony and the mother country, this town, then large in area and frontier 
in geography, and sparse in population, early responded to the patriotic 



APPENDIX. 229 

calls of the metropolitan Boston, and earned by its patriotism and self- 
devotion the plaudits of the great apostle of American freedom, Sam- 
uel Adams. Of those who were foremost in advanced opinions and in 
moulding the purpose of the rural population, was General Danielson. 
Next to Major Hawley of Northampton, no man in Western Massa- 
chusetts has a higher claim to the remembrance and the gratitude of 
history. I cannot in a discoursive address like this, make allusion to 
particular events of biography, or be exact in dates and transactions. 
Prematurely taken from his usefulness, he has left in the annals of 
the period, and in the traditions of those who knew him, an enviable 
place, not only in our local, but in our public history. Next to him, 
wider in national repute and larger in the scope of his capacity and 
ambition was the man who, marrying his widow, identified himself 
with our foreign consular history and with our military prowess and 
renown, and bore our flag to the deserts of the Orient. I cannot 
speak of him at the length that he deserves. His achievements, 
eclipsed by many late events in our domestic and foreign wars, gave 
us at an early period a prominence in our foreign history. His early 
life is something typical of the fortunes of its later events. Leaving 
his family, by frugality and industry he secured a collegiate education 
solely by his own exertions, and was afterwards, through the instru- 
mentality of friends, placed in commission in the United States Army. 
He commenced his services under Wayne, in Ohio, and was afterwards 
stationed in Florida. The hot chivalry and irascibility of his temper 
were exhibited in his associations with his superior officers, and a duel 
in one instance, and a court martial in the other, in both of which he 
^vras evidently not the aggressor, and in the last was honorably ac- 
c^uitted, gave the earliest indications of that impulsive heat of pas- 
sion which later may have been an obstacle to his fortunes. 

In 1798, he was appointed by the then President Adams as consul 
•to Tunis. The United States was at that time to the semi-barbarous 
African an unknown country, whose citizens were treated as vassals, 

^upon whose commercial marine, piracy was only a levied tribute. 

I^erhaps no better selection could have been made to elevate our 
character in the eyes of those plundering corsairs of the ocean transit. 
His whole course was characterized by that intrepidity of character 
and utter disregard of all personal considerations which he evinced 
in all the varied actions of his military and private life. His ap- 
3)ointment as consul was eminently successful in securing treaties 
and making us respected in the eyes, not only of the Barbary powers, 
but of the larger commercial nations, England and France. An evi- 
dence of his power with the Bey, and of the reckless generosity of his 



230 APPENDIX. 

character, was the redemption of six captured merchant vessels of the 
Danish Government, which he ransomed and placed at the disposal of 
their owners without compensation. In a letter to his wife he thus 
explains his conduct : " Do you ask me why I did this ? Because 
there is more pleasure in being generous than in being rich." It may 
be remarked in this connection that subsequently the king of Denmark 
made recognition by the present of a beautiful snuff-box studded with 
diamonds and precious stones, a gem in value and beauty. In the 
complication of the affairs of the Barbary powers he communicated to 
his government a proposition to humble those powers, particularly Tu- 
nis, by assisting to restore to power the rightful Bey, Hamet Ba- 
shaw, in place of his usurping brother, Jusseff. Betuming home in 
1805, he again sailed for Egypt with a flotilla of vessels of war, for the 
purpose of carrying out his project of restoring the rightful Bey. At 
Alexandria he recruited a motley crowd of mercenaries, Maniots, m%- 
rauding Greeks, wandering Bedouins and native Arabs. His whole 
force consisted of about 700, with whom, not associated in command, 
was Hamet Bashaw, the rightful Bey. His line of operations in- 
volved the passage of the desert of Barca. The whole expedition, 
from its movement from Alexandria, had in it all the elements of ro- 
mantic fiction. The ill-assorted and ill-disciplined crowd of adventu- 
rers were constantly in insubordination, and often in mutiny, frequent- 
ly placing him in peril of his life. Nothing but the higher qualities 
of determination and courage ever carried him through that sixty days 
of difficulty and danger, to the ultimate point of his expedition, the 
city of Derne. The record of all this in his private journal, exemplify 
his unfailing resources, his unflinching courage, his high powers of 
command, and stamp him as being one eminently endowed to have 
been a conqueror in high enterprise. After triumphing over almost 
insurmountable difficulties, the sight of the American squadron off the 
port of Bombay rewarded his perseverance and his suffering. An at- 
tack was ordered upon the city of Derne, and after a severe struggle, in 
which again the capacity and energy of General Eaton shone conspicu- 
ously, the victory was complete. The city was captured. The reply of 
the governor to his summons to surrender, is marked in its laconicism, 
" My head is yours." In the meantime, he held a complete victory 
within liis grasp, and with it the humiliation of the entire power of 
Barbary. 

Tobias Lear, the former private secretary of Washington, but who 
had transferred his allegiance to Jefferson, accompanied the squadron 
as a Commissioner to treat for peace. Without waiting for the fruits 
of tliis conquest he entered into negotiations, for a treaty, and concluded 



APPENDIX. 231 

it by the payment of a ransom of $60,000 for the prisoners of the cap- 
tured " Philadelphia/' The hot spirit of General Eaton was humiliated 
by the disgrace, but remonstrance was useless. Arrested thus with 
but half the fruits of his enterprise gathered, he returned to the United 
States. His communications with the commander of the squadron and 
the commissioners, were characterized by the force and energy of his 
style. His politics were of the straightest school of federalism. He 
met the democratic party in its height of power under the second ad- 
ministration of Jefferson. Imprudent, as ever, in speech, and indulg- 
ing in a habit which unfortunately shortened his life, and made sad 
the later days of his glory, he soon raised a partisan feeling which was 
an obstacle to the settlement of his accounts, and prevented the proper 
recognition of his eminent public services. A proposition to confer a 
gold medal upon him as a mark of national appreciation, was bitterly 
attacked by John Randolph, then chairman of the Ways and Means, 
who characterized the struggle and success of Derne as "a mere scuf- 
fle." The Legislature of Massachusetts, however, more appreciative 
of what he had accomplished, made him a donation of ten thousand 
acres of land in the then wilderness of Maine, a dependency of the 
State. Popular ovations followed him. At Richmond and different 
points he was the recipient of public dinners and other marked civic 
honors. 

The next event in his life which made him public in notoriety, if 
not in reputation, was his complication with the celebrated Aaron 
Burr expedition and imputed treason. Burr found him soured and 
discontented at the ingratitude of the administration, and poured his 
seductive persuasions into his ear to induce him to join in what may 
not have been a treason, but which was at least an illicit enterprise. 
At his trial, at Richmond, Va., he was a leading witness, and an at- 
tempt to discredit liis testimony signally failed. After this, disap- 
pointed in receiving any higher command in the military service which 
his ambition aimed at, he returned to the towTi of his residence, and 
there, in the few years of his remaining life, wasted the vigor of his 
constitution with a reputation which was fading under adverse private 
influences, until, in 1811, he became a tenant of your dwelling of the 
dead, where his humble headstone now reminds you of the vanity of 
human pursuits and the almost utter oblivion of a once widely known 
name. 

In a discoursive address like this there can be no characterization of 
this man or his qualities. Brave, impulsive, generous, his qualities 
were of the highest order. Had he been divested of the foibles of 
character and the unfortunate influences which surrounded him, he 



232 APPENDIX. 

would liave had an enduring and a widely known name in the history 
of his country. We cannot speak upon what might have heen the 
result had he heen spared for the war of 1812, in its utter absence of 
all great military capacity in the leadership of armies in its earlier 
years. He might have written his name a hero ; hut his premature 
death buried all permanent fame beyond the achievements of his 
Egyptian expedition and his humbling of the pirates of the Mediter- 
ranean. It should in justice be said of him that the faults and foibles 
of his character were of the noble, and not the base, and that no stain 
of dishonor, no meanness of private life, no venality and no treason 
blurs the unsullied record of his fame. 

Of his descendants I cannot speak in my limited space ; but of one 
of his daughters, (Sarah E. Danielson,) I should not be pardoned if 
I pass without a notice due to her memory and her accomplishments. 
Afterwards the wife of Dr. Asa Lincoln, she was in her maiden life the 
companion of her father at Washington and Kichmond, where she shone 
in the fashionable circles of the capitals of the nation and Virginia. I 
remember her distinctly in the maturity of her womanhood. She had 
the port of a queen and the manners of a duchess. The lady was in 
her every movement and in her conversation. Her powers of colloqui- 
alism, the finished ease of her manners were remarkable. The highest 
evidence of her appreciation at Washington was, that a duel was the 
result of a contest over her companionship in a cotillion at a Washing- 
ton assembly. Two of her sons are now residents of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
The elder stands at the head of his profession as a lawyer, in that 
peculiar branch of it known as admiralty law ; and no cause of impor- 
tance in our inland seas or affluents passes the adjudication of courts 
without his advocacy for one or the other of the litigants. The 
younger, less eminent, holds high position with the bar of Cincinnati, 
and both are honored and valuable citizens of the city which they have 
long made their residence. 

I need not remind you that he who has been properly designated as 
the president of your to-day's festive occasion, Captain F. D. Lincoln, 
is in a later birth another of the descendants of the line ; and he, too, 
has illustrated the traditions and transmissions of his blood by an 
honorable service in the army of his country in its latest impending 
danger. His ])reseiice and person in the fulfilment of his varied 
duties is a better eulojjjy than I can utter, if the canons of good taste 
did not preclude my indulgence in the tribute. 

I come in my order to the family of Koyes. The head had a high 
and wide reputation as a successful physician, but I speak less of him 
than of the two descendants, his sons. The one, Erasmus Darwin, a 



APPENDIX. 233 

graduate of West Point, served in the late rebellion as a major-gen- 
eral, and was attached to the Army of the Potomac and held high posi- 
tion until its change of commanders. The junior brother, Edward L., 
was a man of brilliant genius, rare beauty of person and face, remark- 
able qualities of oratory and facility as a writer. It was said of him 
by the . late Charles Sumner, that he was the most effective popular 
orator of Massachusetts, and the commendation was not unmerited. 
Habits with him which were congenital impaired his usefulness, and 
in the meridian of his years he became the king '^of a fantastic realm," 
and was made an inmate of a public charity for the diseased brain, 
and passed the remainder of his life in the long blank of being which 
follows the unsettled reason. I can fitly characterize him and wave a 
sad farewell as 

** The rapt one, of the God like forehead, 
The heayeii-eyed creature, sleeps in death." 

It might be noted, in the remembrance of his better life, that he 
was one of the earliest advocates of the anti-slavery cause in Massa- 
chusetts, and was of the first who separated themselves from the reg- 
ular party organization, joining with those pioneers who led off to the 
consummation of the victory of freedom over slavery. 

I pass now to the Kev. Festus Foster, a resident of the town in his 
later years when he had retired from the ministry and engaged in 
mercantile pursuits. In native endowment and variety of acquisition, 
or felicity of popular elocution and large leadership, he held a higher 
rank than any other of our numerous citizens. Elected to the House 
of Representatives in 1835, he at once stepped to the front as one of 
the most commanding members of the body.* The metropolitan influ- 
ence of Boston was at that time supreme in shaping its legislation, 
but in an encounter with their leaders he placed himself at the head of 
the country opposition, and left a record in his second term of 1836 
as the most powerful of any of the representatives of Massachusetts in 
influence as a legislator. 

I speak with a sad regret and a tender memory of his son, Professor 
J. W. Foster. Nearly of the same age with myself, associated in 
school and academic education, connected in business interests, close in 
our social associations, with our families cultivating a constant and 
still increasing pleasure of intercourse, I, as the survivor, pay a hum- 
ble tribute to his worth, his manhood, his scientific acquirements and 
the regretful memory which I bear to his manifold good qualities of 
companion and friend. But he has himself a vindication in history. 

As a geologist his reputation is not only American but European, and 

80 



234 APPENDIX. 

he has left as mementoes of his endowments, — three volumes which at 
publication and now, have received high commendations from his 
cotemporary scientists. The Mississippi Valleyy its Physical Geogra- 
phy ^ etc., and The Prehistoric Race of Man, with a joint authorship 
with Professor Whitney of the Lake Superior Geological Survey. He 
was president of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, president of the Cliicago Academy of Science, and a member 
of several European societies. I cannot trust myself to speak more at 
length of the painful emotions which crowd upon me as I survey the 
usefulness of his life and the prematurity of his death. Of no one 
of my youthful companions running through this long period of inter- 
course, and it is something for him, and I trust for me, that our con- 
nection, long and intimate as it was, was never darkened by a single 
cloud or any interposition to the harmony and affection of our inti- 
mate society. 

Of other members of families I cannot refer in the limit of what I 
have laid out for myself. I have already, perhaps, encroached too long 
upon your time and exhausted your endurance. 

There is one of whom mention has been made in the historic ad- 
dress of the day, who left a portion of his ample fortune for the en- 
dowment of an institution generously provided for, and made a monu- 
ment if not more enduring, at least more precious than that of marble 
or granite, Samuel A. Hitchcock. Not only upon this, but other edu- 
cational enterprises, was his bounty bestowed, and he lives in the halls 
of Amlierst College and of kindred edifices under distant horizons, and 
in the regard and regrets of those whom his bounty made prosperous 
in its conferment. 

But, Mr. President, as I turn my eyes to the east I discover in its 
sacred enclosure the granite shaft u])on whose pedestal the names of 
those who fell by disease or casualty in the late struggle for the perpe- 
tuity of our Union are chiseled. It is a fit memorial to the memory 
of those who gave tlieir lives and all they had of value to the cause of 
tlieir coiintrj^, which was in its peril of life. There could be no more 
fitting perpetuation of their noble action •and their patriotic self-devo- 
tion, beyond the enduring column in the memory of surviving friends, 

'* There is a tear for all who die, 
A mourner o'er the humblest grave ; 

But nations swell the funeral cry, 
And triumph weeps above the brave." 

I leave them to their long slumber, their imperishable remembrance 
and the enduring monument which is consecrated to their names. 



APPENDIX. 235 

And now, Mr. President, I am incapable of introducing on this oc- 
casion any topic which should in the remotest degree be considered as 
partisan in its character or in its deductions ; but I cannot, in justice 
to myself, and in regard for the people who now listen to me, forbear 
to say that in recurrence to those men who have fallen in this fratrici- 
dal strife, I should not now plead that, with every cause of national 
alienation removed, that there should be a returning reign of peace 
and tranquility throughout the whole land. Presidents are nothing; 
parties have no significance ; the question of Christian harmony, of 
peace and reunion, has a higher mission and a more exalted leadership. 
It is not a creed in party divisions ; it broadens into the entire human- 
ity of the nation. If the Southern people erred, and no one than my- 
self better knows that, and no one advocated more severe puritive 
measures in reducing them to subordination to the government than I 
did, — they have paid the penalty in long protracted and terrible suf- 
fering. Give them, then, now in their adversity the poor right to live. 
The sky is theirs, the air is theirs, and the earth. Let them enjoy 
and in peaceable possession, till their soil and reap and gather the har- 
vest. Over their desolated fields, on those scars made by the hot 
ploughshares of war, let verdure again grow upon ashes, the corn tassel 
nod, and the orange grove bloom, cotton and cane ripen again in sweet- 
ness of bloom ; let the glory of the magnolia wave above their restored 
fields, and the perfume of the lily and the rose again give forth their 
fragrance. Let church and schoolhouse, the twin agents of civiliza- 
tion, reassume their sway . Give us peace in a national amity. The 
great sin of slavery which divided us in our early controversy no longer 
exists. Freedom has become homogeneous in the land. Our interests 
are in harmony. The protection of our government should extend to 
all alike. Purge the land of the adventurer and give the people their 
own right of self-government. I cannot close with a more grateful 
duty which I feel imposed upon me, than to propitiate from you and 
from all, that forgiving charity, that forgetting spirit, which will leave 
what has been wrong in the past to erasure and oblivion. Let them 
again, as restored states, be recognized as possessing all of the rights 
which we share, and which we should in Christianity and brotherhood, 
and in the good offices of community, extend to this stricken and long- 
suffering people. I need not apologize for making this appeal. I 
should not have fulfilled my duty in reviewing memories of revolu- 
tionary fame and later achievements, if I had not, in this matter, closed 
with an exhortation that the dove should again brood over our broad 
land, and the olive branch wave throughout its varied and distant cli- 
mates and domains. 



236 APPEICDIX. 

Mr. President, I am obliged for the courteous attention with which 
I have been listened to, and I give you now, in the presence of those 
whom I have once known but whose faces are now unfamiliar, the 
aspiration that the reputation of our town, untarnished as it has been, 
shall yet be made more dear to those who shall succeed us, and that in 
its beauty of landscape, with its rural attractions and its intelligence 
and virtue of public and private life, it may live to another Centennial 
when our successors shall give us the ovation that we have extended 
to those who have gone before us in the untarnished annals of the de- 
parting cycle. 

LEITER BY GOV. FAIRBANKS, OF VERMONT. 

State of Vermont, Executive Chamber, 

MONTPELIER, Oct. 9, 1876. 

To N. S. Hubbard, S. W. Brown and J. S. Blair, Committee : 

Gentlemen : — It would give me great pleasure to join in the observ- 
ance of your centennial celebration, but my official duties at this time 
render it impossible. Although not myself a native of Brimfield, it 
was the birthplace and home of my ancestors. There my father, Eras- 
tus Fairbanks, was born and spent the happy years of childhood and 
youth. This fact renders Brimfield peculiarly a place of interest to 
me. 

But the occasion has attractions independent of my relations to the 
town through my ancestors. Such occasions cannot fail to awaken 
feelings of interest in the heart of every loyal and patriotic citizen — 
its purpose being, as I understand, not only the celebration of the com- 
pletion of the first century of the Republic, but also an occasion of the 
collection of its own local history, that it may be preserved, perpetu- 
ated and transniitt^jd. 

The importance of celebrating appropriately anniversary days, we 
have in a measure, I fear, come to underrate. They have come and 
gone to us so many times that they have ceased to make that impres- 
sion upon us which we recall as the impression of our childhood ; but 
these days leave upon the minds of the young the same deep impres- 
sion which tlioy formerly did upon us. These are the occasions when 
the holy feelings of patriotism and love of race are planted and rooted 
deep in the hearts of the young men and maidens — they who are to 
control the immediate future of our nation. 

The desire to honor our ancestry by transmitting the history which 
they have made, at least indicates the presence of that wholesome re- 
spect for preceding generations, the lack of which is said to be a sign 



APPENDIX. 237 

of relaxing dignity, and a symbol of national and political decadence. 
The importance and value of efforts for the preservation and transmis- 
sion of local history, can hardly be over-estimated. It was Goldwin 
Smith, I think, who said that a nation with a history cannot be over- 
thrown in two generations. It is because the great and good actions 
of our fathers stimulate us to emulate their virtues and achievements. 

Let us not fail, then, in transmitting to our descendants whatever is 
worthy of imitation, and should our sires look from their graves to- 
day to see how their own reputations are getting on in our keeping, 
may their eyes fall benignly upon a race that honors them not more 
by the reverence they yield to their virtues than by the imitation of 
those virtues. 

Permit me again to express my regret that I am unable to be with 
you on the occasion which you are about to commemorate. 

I am yours very truly, 

Horace Fairbanks. 

You will receive by this mail biographical notices of my father and 
of my uncle, Joseph P. Fairbanks. My uncle Thaddeus is still living, 
is four score years of age, and is still vigorous, having just returned 
home from the meeting of the American Board at Hartford. 

LETTER FROM JUDGE MORRIS OF SPRINGFIELD. 

Henry F. Brown, Esq. : Dear Sir, — When I received your invi- 
tation to attend the centennial celebration at Brimfield on the 11th 
instant, I thought I should be able to be present, and anticipated much 
pleasure in participating in the exercises of the occasion. I have al- 
ways felt a peculiar interest in your beautiful town. In my school 
days, some of my most intimate friends were Brimfield boys. I might 
say the same of some of the girls. Probably scfme of these boys and 
girls, if living, are grandfathers and grandmothers now. I have 
formed many friendships in later days with the people of your town. 
I should like to renew the old friendships and reinforce the new. 

Brimfield is peculiarly a child of Springfield, having been originally 
laid out by Springfield men. Many Springfield names appear among 
the early settlers. Hitchcock, Stebbins, Bliss, Lumbard, Morgan, 
Burt, Townsley, and many other of the early names at Brimfield, were 
also early here. 

It would gratify me much to listen to the historical address of Mr. 
Hyde, which I am sure will be instructive and interesting, and which 
I hope will be preserved in an enduring form to constitute a valuable 
addition to our local histories. But I regret to say that I must deny 



238 APPEiroix. 

myself the pleasure of being with you as I anticipated. Circumstan- 
ces not forseen forbid it. All I can now do is to congratulate you all 
on the good time which I am sure you will have and enjoy. 

Very truly yours, Hrnry Morris. 

LETTER FROM REV. DR. A. J. SESSIONS, OF BEVERLY 

Beverly, Oct. 9, 1876. 
Gentlemen of the Committee : — I am obliged to give up the gratifi- 
cation of being with you in your great celebration, such are nay en- 
gagements and surroundings. My heart goes out to Brimfield in both 
bright and shadowed memories. All success to your undertaking. 
Blessings be upon the dwellers there, and the sojourners who shall 
hasten bjick to the sacred festivities. 

Let me send you : Our homes: God^s best gift to the children of men, 
I am yours very respectfully, 

Alexander J. Sessions. 

MESSRS. N. S. HUBBARD, S. W. BROWN, J. 8. BLAIR, Committee. 

LETTER FROM HON. SALEM WALES, OF NEW YORK. 

Department of Docks, President's Office, 117 & 119 Duane at., 

New York, Oct. 10, 1876. 

Mr. Brown : Dear Sir. — I regret very much that my engagements 
here will not permit me to join in the centennial celebration at Brim- 
field to-morrow. I hoped to have the privilege of meeting the citizens 
and neighbors who will gather to-morrow to celebrate the annals of the 
town. 

I should have enjoyed the occasion very much, and though absent 
in i)erson, I shall be with you in spirit. I wish you all a most agree- 
able and profitable reunion. 

All the places around about the home of my youth, and the home of 
the fathers, are very dear to me. I love to return to them; they grow 
more precious to me as the years go on. When sorely pressed by the 
burdens and cares of life I feel with the poet : 

" Happy the man whose love and care 
A few paternal acres bound ; 
Content to breathe his native air 
In his own ground.*' 

Yours very truly, S. H. Wales. 



APPENDIX. 239 

PETITION OF SPRINGFIELD PEOPLE.— Mass. Archives, 

Vol. 113-256. 

To the Truly Honurable William Stoughton, Esq., Leiutenant 
Governner of his Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay with 
the Hono''*'** Council & Representatives assembled in General Court 
to Sit at Boston Within the s* Province on the 12th Day of Febry 
1700-1 

The humble Petition & Submissive Representation of the sub- 
scribers Inhabitants of the Town of Springfield in Hampshire, within 
y* 8** province 

Most humbly sheweth, 

Our high esteeme & value for the Government & establishment of 
this Province of the Massachusetts Bay, By his most Gracious Majes- 
ties Royal Charter & extensive Priviledges from thence accruing to his 
good subjects the Inhabitants thereof, which ourselves (as a smal part 
of the Whole, Greatly rejoyce on the account of our sharing therein, 
and earnestly desire our long continuance so to doe, any thoughts of fall- 
ing short thereof being very afflictive to us, arising only from our want 
of accomadations of land for our Posterity to live comefortably on, the 
lYant whereof may enforce their removing (as wel as some of our- 
selves) out of this Province to such Place where they may obtaine 
land to live upon, some of our young men already being gone & others 
Indeavouring to sute themselves in the neighborn Colony, where new 
Places are agoeing forward & Incouragements offered us whereby we 
are in hassard not only of being diminished & weakned ourselves. 
But the Province to come short of such Increase & Inlargement, by 
Improvements and settlements as is to be desired & promoted by all 
that wish its welfare & Florishing : In order to al which & to ad- 
vance its Growth & desyred Inlargements we give this Honourable 
assembly on account of a Tract of land about twelve or fourteen 
miles Eastward of this Towne, which may make a Plantation or 
Towneship of fifty or sixty famylys or more if large Bounds be 
allowed it as is requisit in regard that within it fals much land which 
is no ways capable of Improvement so that to erect and make a com- 
fortable Towne enabled to defray its own charge & subsist wel, there is 
a necessity of large bounds for its accommodation, Wherefore we sub- 
missively propose and humbly ask leave of this Honourable assembly 
for errecting & setting of a Towne on the Tract of Land before men- 
tioned and so grant us this land Eastward of Springfield Bounds a 
line From Chikkeepy River on the North to run Southward to Enfield 
Line which is in length from North to South only Eight miles it hav- 



210 APPENDIX. 

ing bene exactly measured And that this Tract of land for this new 
Township may extend East at least Eaight miles from Springfield 
bounds or line on the West of it & to which it will adjoin on Piney 
Land : And although some good Land for hopefull Improvement be 
within this Tract now desyred & humbly Craved for, yet there is In- 
termixed much that is meane & a greate deale of Pine Land being of 
little or noe use for the Townships Improvement, except leading to 
some small quautitys of Meddow of which there is little & will be 
much want of only it may be made & increased out of swampy low- 
land betwixt Hils unto which the bounds must extend to accomadate 
a meete settlement : And at best as it is Wilderness land hard to 
win & must be gained by Industry & Som Lahore wrestling with 
many Difficultys & charges Incident to new beginings, But yet may 
it Please this Honourd Assembly according to their Wonted Bounty 
To Grant unto us such Immunitys as new Places call for with the 
needful Bounds before expressed without which this Place Cannot 
Subsist : It will Fortifie us against our Incumbent discourage- 
ment & Invite a settlement for our young People before they disperse 
& breake awaj' to other parts, whose leaving us as it will diminish our 
members so our strength being once Gon it will disable us in our 
speedy entring upon the worke & promoting it to a considerable 
Towiie so as that Twenty famylys if not more may be building there 
and proceeding to setling & there Dwelling within eighteen months 
from May next which we Intend & wil Indeavour by the help of God 
assisting us thereunto & that more may soon after setle theron (We 
leave our Ernest & humble desires with your our honoured Fathers, 
Whose tender Care & Reedyness to provide for your children we have 
experienced & are so wel assured thereof that we nothing doubt of 
your most Judicious statements of this matter for the speedy Settle- 
ment & management of a Comfortable Towne whether by Impowering 
of a Committee to admit Inhabitants Grant allotments to particular 
Persons & order of the Prudential affairs of y* Place for a time or 
otherwise as in your Wisdome you shal Judge best only are Bold to 
suggest to your Consideration that the honourable Col Jno Pynchon 
be one of the Committee having been Improved in Contriving and 
Settling new Places, whom upon that account we have prevailed with 
to subscribe to this Petition & only crave leave to say that men from 
other towns are not so sutable in regard of their remoteness & thereby 
unready to attend the worke which may retard matters more than 
those of Springfield who are likely to help it on & further the de- 
signe, we being in earnest for present settlement of the Place least we 
loose our young men & others here That are towards removeing who 



APPENDIX. 241 

are fit for new Plantations & meete for Labor & forward to Joine in 
-worke If it be Caryed on without delay. 

That the Soveraigne disperer of al things who aimes at his owne 
Glory & his Peoples Good May direct you in al you' Councils & de- 
terminations, for the advance of the kingdome of his deare Son We 
humbly Pray & Subscribe for ourselves & many others of Springfield. 

Springfield Febr 4th 
1700 

John Hitchcock Senr John Pynchon 

Joseph Stebbins Sen*" Thomas Colton 

Thomas Day Sen' Pelatiah Glover 

John Burt James Warrener ■•" 

Daniel Mun David Morgen 

Daniel Cooley Sen' Joseph Willerton 

Joseph Cooley Samuel Stebbins 

Tilly Miricke Luke Hitchcock Senr 

Ephraim Colton Samuel Keep 

William Warrenier Ebenezer Day 

Daniel Graves 

J^e 20th 1701 } ACTION OF COUNCIL. 

A Resolve in the Words following being past by the Kepresentatives, 
and Sent up from that House (together with the Petition of Several 
of the Inhabitants of the Town of Springfield) was read at the Board 
and Concurred with In answer to the Petition of Several of the In- 
habitants of Springfield thereunto subscribed, humbly Craving the 
grant of a plantation or Township twelve or fourteen miles Eastward 
of Springfield Adjoining to Springfield Bounds on the West In a 
Tract of Land there from Chickapy River on the North to run along 
by Springfield Line on the West of this Tract South Eight miles to 
Enfield Line, taking in from Chickapy River the said Tract of Land 
there of eight miles Square 

Resolved — That there be granted unto the Petitioners and Such 
Others as the Committee of this Courts Appointment shall Associate 
to them, the Afore described Tract of Land for a Township, Provided 
they Settle thereon, and Distribute it to Sixty Families, and that 
within two years from May next there be twenty Families dwelling 
on the Place and Provision by Grants made for Entertaining to the 
number of Seventy families if the Land will Conveniently Accomo- 
date 80 many. And for the Admitting of Inhabitants, granting Allot- 



242 APPENDIX. 

ments, Distributing, or Proportioning of Land there, and Ordering 
all the Prudential Affairs of the place, This Court do Appoint & 
impower Coll John Pynchon Esq* Capt Thomas Colton, M' Pelatiah 
Glover, M' James Warrener Sen' Ensigne Joseph Stebbins, and M' 
David Morgan, or any three of them (the s** Coll® John Pjnchon or 
Capt Tho' Col ton being one) a Comittee fully empowered to Manage, 
Order, and Determine all that is needful unto Stating, and setling 
the place at Present for five or Six Years, or According as this Court 
shall See Cause or further Order, when the Inhabitants Setled on said 
place shall then be allowed to have, and enjoy all Such priviledges 
Immunities, and powers as Other Towns in this Province have, and 
do enjoy, And in the Meantime the Committee Aforementioned in 
forming the place for a Town are to Consider Compactness, and Safety 
as well as Mens conveniency and Advantage for Husbandry, as also 
the Endeavouring the Setling of an Able Orthodox Minister of the 
Gospel there as Soon as may be. The said Committee also in their 
making Grants of Lands to Such as they shall Admit Inhabitants 
there to have respect unto Mens Estates, and abilities to improve the 
Same, Stating, and Appointing the time for the Grantees to be im- 
proving their Land by an* Actual dwelling thereon or Building there 
According as said Committee shall Order; on a forfieture, that if Men, 
even any of the Petitioners desert the place or Neglect to Attend the 
terms of their respective Grants in One Kind or Another the Town- 
ship may notwithstanding be Carried on by others that may have the 
forfieted Grants given them Upon Such Conditions also such new 
Grantees carrying on, and Setling on said Township, It is further 
provided that the said Committee grant to no One person that may 
have the Greatest Estate more than One hundred and Twenty Acres 
of all Sorts of Land, And that while this place is in its Infancy, Un- 
subdued, and Little improvements made, All rates, and Charges for 
carrying on And Setling it be raised on the Grantees, or Inhabitants 
by the Poll, and according to their Grants or Quantities of Land 
allowed to each person, And Accordingly to be proportioned and 
paid by the Grantees for five or six Years, and until other Order 
taken, and for so long time the place to be free from all public Rates 
or Taxes, or till this Court shall See it is in a way of Subsistance, and 
raising on the place wherewith to defrey the Same, SAVING all 
former Grants. 



APPENDIX. 243 

PETITION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME. 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq Captain General & Governor 
in Chief in & over her Majest' Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in New England in America and to the Hon""* Members of the 
Great and General Court or Assembly to be held at Boston upon 
Wednesday the twenty fifth of May 1709 
May it Pleas you' Honn" 

The subscribers hereof humbly present to youer Considerations of 
a grant of a Tract of land to several of the inhabitants of Springfield 
for a Plantation about fourteen niiles Eastward of Springfd in the 
yeare Seventeen hundred & one by the Great & General Court or As- 
sembly then held at Boston on the twenty eaighth of May In Observ- 
ance of which Grant the Committee then appointed in order for the 
Settling of a Plantation there proceeded so far as to lay out the plat- 
form of a town & granted out many Lottments to divers persons who 
proceeded so far as some did plant orchards there and many ware pre- 
pareing to build there but the war hapning in this term of time did 
hinder the proceedings of us so that we Could not full fill the Condi- 
tions of our Grant by Reason of the Great danger we should be in of 
the los of our lives. Now we humbly Crave that this Great & Gen- 
eneral Court or Assembly would Pleas to grant us further time Con- 
sidering how the war has hindered us from makeing it a Plantation 
and if It seem meet that your Honnours grant us four years or more 
for the setling of Inhabitants there We humbly desire it might begin 
the time from the sessation of this present ware we had so far pro- 
ceeded as to make records of what grants we had given with other of 
our proceedings and have called the towns name by the name of Brim- 
field We also Humbly begg Haveing lost the Hon**'* Coll John Pyn- 
chon that Majo' John Pynchon may supply his place in being one of 
the Committee with us we Pray God Bless this Hon**** Genl Assembly 

Your Humble Petitioners 

Joseph Stebbins 
Daniel Moroen 
Thomas Coltok iSenr 
James Warrener Senr 
Pelatiah Glover 
by order of the Towne of Springfield 

JZ'w^'im } ^C^I<^^ ^^ COUNCIL. 

A Petition of sundry of the Inhabitants of Springfield referring to 
a Tract of Land about fourteen miles Eastward of Springfield, Granted 



244 APPENDIX. 

them for a Plantation by the General Assembly Anno 1701, under 
certain Limitations & Conditions, W** they have not been able to per- 
form hitherto, by Reason of the Distress of the War, Praying for En- 
largement of the Time, and that Major John Pynchon may be added 
to the Committee for the affair in the Boom of bis Father, Coll Pyn- 
chon Dec* was Bead, & the Order passed thereon by the Eepresent"^ 
Concur'd, Viz, 

Ordered that the Prayer of the Petition be granted, that Major John 
Pynchon be added to the Committee in the Place of Coll : John Pyn- 
chon Dec* and that the Term of Four Years after the Conclusion of 
the present War, be allowed to the Petitioners to Comply with the 

Condition of their Grant 

Consented to J. Dudley 

J«n?lTm4 } ACTION OF COUNCIL. 

On petition of the Committee for the township of Brimfield praying 

the grant of three miles of land Easterly. 

Upon Reading a Petition of the Committee for the Township of 
Brimfield Praying the Grant of Three Miles of Land further Easterly 
to but on Brookfield Bounds, with the Order passed thereon in the 
House of Representatives : Viz. 

Ordered that Joseph Parsons Esq', Mr. Daniel Marsh & Mr. John 
Patridge be a Committee to view the Land petitioned for & the Con- 
veniences thereof ; and make Report to this Court what they shall 
think best to be done thereupon at the Charge of the Petitioners : — 
Concur'd to & Major Joseph Buckminster & Cpt. John Chandler added 
to the Comm*** in the affair aforesaid 

* 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. 

Wee underwritten having been appointed by the Hon*** Genl Assem- 
bly of this Province, 1714, June lO, to view a tract of land adjoining 
to Brookfield on the South and to Brimfield on the East extending 
from Brookfield S. W. Corner Eastward 3 miles in order to its being 
added to the Town of Brimfield whose bounds are straitened on the 
South by the Partition Line of this Province and the Colony of Con- 
necticut, and make report thereof 

Having strictly measured said Brimfield West line which we find 
to be 7 miles and 16 perch as it bounds on Springfield, though not so 
much, square off from the said Partition Line and also the Distance 
between Springfield and the S. W. Corner of Brookfield 

which we find to be 8 miles 1 qr and 22 perch and no more. Which 



APPENDIX. 245 

said tract is short of the contents of 8 miles square and withall very 
mountainous and uncapable to entertainea suitable number of families 
"vrithout an addition at the East end 

Are therefore humbly of opinion that unless three miles be added 
to said town of Brimfield as described on the subjoined map, it will 
not be Invit^ing nor capable to entertaine a suitable number of fami- 
lies according to the direction of the Court relating to the settlement 
thereof the said Easternmost end only being capable to entertaine In- 
habitants to settle in a Desirable Manner 
April 20th 1715 Joseph Parsons (only not 

present at the measurement) 
John Pabtbidob 
John Chandler 

In the House of Representatives 

1716 May 31 

Head and Accepted and Ordered That all the land between the 

Province Line and the South line of Brookfield for the space of three 

miles from the East End of the town of Brimfield be granted and 

added to the said Town of Brimfield Provided it intrude not upon the 

four miles square ordered to be surveyed for Waitstill Winthrop Esq 

nor upon any other former Grant* 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Bubbill, Spkr. 
* Not granted in Council 

Dec. 6, 1719, In the House of Represent** the Question being put 
whether the above vote be revived, it passed in the negative. 
On the Petition of the Inhab** of Brimfield 

The Comm*** are of Opinion that the Town of Brimfield be extended 
three miles more Eastw** according to the Projection in the Piatt and 
Return of a former Comm*** under their hands. Saving alwaies to the 
Heirs of y« Hon^** Wait Winthrop Esq' Dec* & M' John Elliott Dec* 
their Right laid out within s* Tract or any other former Grants that 
have been made & surveyed in this Additional Grant to the Town of 
Brimfield Wm Dudley 

In the House of Representatives, June 16, 1721 Read and Accepted. 
Sent up for Concurrence John Clark, Speaker 

In Council June 16, 1721 Read & Concur* 

J. WiLLABD Secr^ 
Consented to, Sam^^ Shute 

'A true Copy from the Files 

Examined J Willabd Secr^ 



246 APPENDIX. 

STATEMENT OF GRIEVANCES. 

Province of the Mass* Bay 
To His Excellency the Governour the Hon^^* Council and House ?f 
Representatives in General Court Assembled at Boston December 
2 1722 

The Petition of Several of the Inhabitants of Brimfield in the 
County of Hamshire hereto subscribed most humbly sheweth That 
your Petitioners upon the Encouragement given them by the Honor- 
able Committee of this Great and Generall Court were induced to set- 
tle themselves and families within the s* Township 

That notwithstanding the Great Charge and fateague which your 
Petitioners justly expected to find in setling s^ Plantation yet assured 
that this Great and Generall Court intended s* Township should 
be to or among sixty or seventy families only who should settle there 
they were the rather Encouraged to encounter the difficulties of the 
new settlement having a prospect as they conceived to secure an estate 
in lands to themselves and posterity 

But so it is may it please your Excellency and Honours that the 
Hon^** Committee being advanced in years some of them being Dead 
and others declining : the Publick Interest and business of s* planta- 
tion is very much retarded and Discouraged many more grants y^as we 
humbly conceive) have been made in said Plantation than this Hon*^ 
Court ever intended many Lotts have been laid out by persons either 
unskilful or unfaithful which will prove of ill Consequence if not 
corrected. Also many Lotts have been granted without any condi- 
tion of settlment as we also conceive and great Omissions have been 
Respecting the Records and many of our Lotts not put on Record un- 
til this day nor the Clerk under oath for those Recorded we further 
Remonstrate that altho we erected a fraim of a meeting house yet 
under the Present situation of affairs with us we have no view of cov- 
ering the same much less of finishing it or building a Ministers House 
& until there be full authority to assess to assess the Petitioners & 
Proprietors w*^** the present Com"* have hitherto neglected & we ques- 
tion their Power in the premises. 

One other greivance arises for want of M*^ Wmthrops Survey at the 
Lea<l mine Grant being compleated & his Bounds made certain We 
have Reason to fear to fear said Grant intrenches upon our Addition 
w*^** if allowed will be exceeding prejudicial to the Plantation 

These things with many others not here innumerated Constrains y' 
Pet" to lay their deplorable Circumstances before your Excellency & 
Honours where fore we most humbly pray a proper Inquiry made of 



APPENDIX. 247 

the Mannagem* of the Hon**'* Committe's respecting our greivances in 
Buch Way & Manner as in your Great Wisdom you shall see meet & 
that such methods may be taken for the future as may by the blessing 
of Jod tend to the Encouragm* of s* Plantation & Peace & Grood Or- 
der of the same & your Pet" as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c. 

Nath'-'' Hitchcock Thomas Stebbins 

Deliverance Brooks John Mighell 

David Hitchcock Jn® Burt 

Benj^ Cooley Mark Perry 

John Lumbard Benj^ Cooley Jun* 

Leonard Hoar Sam" Allen Jun* 

David Lumbard Ebenezer Scot 

Sam"- Hubbard Nath"* Miller 

Will* Warrener Ezra King 

Jambs Tompson Sam" King 

Sam" Bliss Henry Burt 

Elbazer Foot Ebenezer Graves 

APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEE. 

In the House of Rep*> •• December 29, 1722 Read & Ordered that 
ii' jQ|in Chandler M' Joseph Jennings M' Henry Dwight be a Com- 
mittee to enquire into the Reasons of their Greivances at the Charge 
of the Pet" & make Report to this Court in the May Sessions Sent 
tip for Concurrence 

John Clark Sp*" 

In Council Dec' 31, 1722 Read & concurd & Ordered that such of 
the former Committe as are now living be directed to attend the Com^' 
liereby appointed at Brimfield at such Time as they shall direct Sent 
down for Concurrence 

J WiLLARD Secry 

In the House of Rep"^'' December 31, 1722 Read & Concurd 

John Clark SpV 
Consented to 

W DUMMER 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE AND ACTION OF COUNCIL ON 

THE SAME. 

Wbdnesdat ) 
June 12*^ 1723 J 

The Committee in the Affair of Brimfield G^ve in the following Re- 
port, Viz*. 



248 APPENDIX. 

The Committee appointed by the Great & General Court of the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, begun & holden at Boston, Nov* 
15*** 1722 Having Repaired to Brimfield, and being attended there 
former Committee, Viz* : Capt Tho" Colton Mr: Stebbins, M' Glover & 
M'' Morgan & having Enquired into the Reasons of the Greivances of 
the petitioner (the Inhabitants of Brimfield) & Examined the Several 
Artifles of the s* petition, & the Replies of the s* Committee are of 
opinion. That the said Committee have not Duely pursued the Powers 
& Directions of the Hon* Court in Granting Lots & Settling s* Plan- 
tation, and that there were just Grounds of Complaint as Set forth in 
s** Petition ; Particularly the Committee are of opinion that a Greater 
Number of Grants have been made out than, the Generall Court In- 
tended The Former Committee Acknowledge Eighty or upwards. 
But the petitioners Instanc in above an hundred, But the Committee 
Excuse themselves, by Saying they shall Declare many Lots forfeited. 
Which they have not yet Done, because the time Limited to fullfiU 
the Conditions not yet Expired, Also, the Committee, Find near Twen- 
ty Grants, made out to Non Residents, Besides one to Each of the 
Committee, where in the Grantees are not obliged to bring forward a 
settlement, but some of s** Grants are by the peoples consent 

Yet the Quantity of Acres Agreed on are Greatly Enlarged by the 
Committee, to the prejudice of the Planters, 

It also appears there have been Divers Measurers of Land Employed 
there and that a Due Regard has not been had that Justice might be 
done, in the Surveys there made : The Records are as Imperfect, as 
set forth in the petition and Many Grants, (if not the most of them) 
are only in Loose papers as Mr. Glover the Clerk informed this Com- 
mittee (For they saw not the papers, altho they desired Mr Glover to 
Bring them with him) and many of the Grants &c* are Signed only in 
his name as Clerk or Register of the Committee notwithstanding he is 
under no Oath for any such Service, A Fine Frame of a Meeting 
House, raised in the Summer past has Received Great damage, by 
being uncovered, & it So continues to this day. Which the Planters 
Attribute to the Committees Neglecting, to raise money by a Tax to 
defray the Charge thereof which Tax they promise to make in May 
last, but is not yet Done, Tho' Mr Glover the Register Says It 
wanted but an Hours' Work, to finish it Ever Since September last; 
But Mr Stebbins says they were Loth to rate some persons. Viz*. 
Such as would be likely to forfeit, Lest they should make an Advan- , 
tage of it & thereby hold their Lots, Altho' the Conditions in other 
Respects were not full filled in which they had D'. Shermans Opinion) 
as also that the Planters were not agreed Among themselves, how 



APPENDIX. 249 

Great a Sum Should be raised, And that for those Pearsons, it is not 
finished As to M' Winthrops Survey, The former Committee Expressed 
themselves to be wholly of opinion with the Petitioners & ye other 
Planters, That if the s* Survey Should be Confirm* : It would tend 
very much to the Discouragement of the people and Compell severall 
of them to remove from their Settlements & Labour, & So far Weaken 
.the Hands of them that yet might be Induced to Stay, that they will 
not be able in a Long time to Carry an End the Beligious Settlement 
of the place accord' : to what the Honoured Court & what the people 
Seem Sincearly to desire, & they are in Good hopes M' Winthrop may 
be Well Suited, with another Survey, without prejudice to the planta- 
tion & more Agreeable to the Grant of the Court & have taken pains 
with M*" Winthrop about it, though without Success, Finally the Com- 
mittee are Humbly of Opinion that if the difficulties the Plantation 
now Labour under, with Kespect to the above named particulars, were 
removed It would be a very fine & Flourishing Plantation all which is 
Most Humbly Submitted by 



P : S. Some of the Committee Ex- ' 
press* themselves desirous to be dis- 
charged being grown into years & 
uncapable to manage the affairs of 
the Plantation 



John Chan'*ler ^ 

Hen : Dwight y Committee 
Jos : Jennings ) 



In the House of Representatives Upon Beading the within Report 
& the Petition of William Hammilton and others Inhabitants of Brim- 
field Voted, That the whole power, Trust & authority reposed 

by this Court in Cp* Thomas Colton, M' Stebbins M' Glover & M' 
Morgan as a Committee of the Town of Brimfield and hereby is 
declared Null & Void. 

And That John Chandler & Henry Dwight, Esq" & M* Joseph Jen- 
nings be a Committee and hereby are Constituted & Appointed Trus- 
tees in the Boom & Stead of Cpt. Colton & others the former 
Committee to Carry on & perfect the Settlement of Said Town in all 
Bespects according to the True Intent & Meaning of the Generall Court 
in Making Brimfield a Township Anno 1702. Having Special Begard 
to the Originall Proprietors ; & that the Committee Beport to the 
Court the Number of Grants & the names of the Grantees that Ex- 
ceed the Limitation made by the Generall Court, and That M' Pela- 
tiah Glover of Springfield, the present Clerk of the s* Town who has 
the Book & all papers of Grants &c* of s* Town be & hereby is di- * 
rected, & ordered to Deliver the Said Book and papers to the above 
8^ Committee That So a fair Becord may be made of all proceedings, 

82 



250 APPENDIX. 

made by & in Behalf of Said Town. The Charge of the Committee, 
to be born by the Inhabitants of Brimfield, 

In Council Bead & Concurr*, and the S* Committee are Impowered 
& directed, to Appoint a Clerk of the Said Town, who Shall be under 
Oath: 

In the House of Bepresentatives Bead & Concurr^ 

Consented to W" Dummbr 

MEMOBIAL OF WAIT WINTHBOP. 

To the HonV* William Tailor Esq. Lieut. Gov. & Comander in cheif, 
The Hon**^* Council & House of Bepresentative of His Maj*^ Prov- 
ince of the Mussachusett Bay in New England in Gen* Court as- 
sembled Nov 23 1715 

The Memorial of Wait Winthrop Esq 
Sheweth 

That in the session of this Hon**** assembly in May last he preferred 
his Memoriall relateing to a Tract of Land belonging to him at Tan- 
tuisques or the black lead Mine hill praying that the Committee ap. 
pointed to lay out Brimfield, may be forbidden to proceed therein so 
as to encroch upon his said Land, & did humbly propose that he would 
take a platt thereof by a Surveyor at his own charge which was a part 
granted by this Court : and persuant to the Order of this Hon^ As- 
sembly he has employed at his own charge an able Surveyor with 
Chainmen under oath to lay out the Contents of Four mile square of 
land which does include the said Black Lead Mine Hill as by the 
Platt thereof herewith presented may appear. 

And whereas from the East bounds of the s* Platt extending to 
Quenebaug Biver the land on that side, as w^ell as on the South side 
running to the Partition line of this Province & the Colony of Con- 
necticut is mountanous rocky barren land, He therefore humbly pro- 
poses that the said partition line may be the bounds of the South & 
that the Eastermost End may extend to Quenebaug Biver in addition 
to the said Platt & be the bounds thereof & that the North side may 
run upon a Streight line from the East & West corners of the said 
plan and that from the Northernmost corner thereof a straight line 
may run South to the aforesd line of Partition, and thereupon he will 
release all other his right in the lands at Tan tuisques lying within 
this Province. 

And your Memorialist shall ever pray &c 

Wait Winthrop 

The petition has this note : " The Comitee are to set out the 15th 
of April next if faier wether or the next faier day." 



APPENDIX. 251 

In Council 
Pryday 
Novbr 22, 1723 

A Petition of John Chandler, Esq. & others (a Committee for 
Brimfield) Shewing that the Tract of Land belonging to the Estate of 
Wait Winthrop, Esq. has been Laid out not according to the treu In- 
tention of the said grant, and so as will very much Prejudice the 
Settlement of the Town of Brimfield, the lines of the said tract (as it 
is now surveyd) running Down to Quineboag Kiver, & taking in the 
meeting House & Divers of the Dwelling Houses in the said Town, 
and therefore Praying that the said Grant to the said Wait Winthrop, 
Esq^ may be Surveyd a New. That so no Encroachment may be 
made on the town of Brimfield but the people go on Quietly in their 

Settlement. 

In the House of Representatives, 

Bead and 

Ordered, That John Winthrop, and Thomas Lechmore, Esqrs. be 

servd with a Coppy of this Memorial, that they may shew Cause to 

this Court, on tuesday the third Day of December Next Why the 

Piatt presented by their Honoured Father should not be reformed and 

part of the Land Contained in the said Plat granted to the possessors 

of the Town of Brimfield. 

In Council, 

Bead and non Goncurd. 

PETITION OF JOHN CHANDLER AND OTHERS. 

Thursday, > 

January 5, 1726 ) 

A Petition of John Chandler, Esq : & others, a Committee for the 
Town of Brimfield, Showing that the Survey made by the late Wait 
Winthrop Esq : of a grant of land at Tantuisques or the Lead Mines 
is made very irregular & not according to the true Intention of the 
said Grant & that it^runs in upon the said Town of Brimfield, so as 
to take in the Meeting House, Minister's House, & a great number of 
the Inhabitants' Allotm.^ So that unless the said Survey be recti- 
fied many of the Inhabitants of the Said Town of Brimfield will be 
ruined by it : and therefore praying such Relief in the Premises as to 
the Justice and Wisdom of this Court shall seem meet. 
In the House of Representatives, Read and Ordered 

That the further consideration of this Petition be referred to the 
next May Session, & that in the mean time Coll. William Dudley 
Major Thomas Tileston with such as the Hon^** Board shall appoint. 



252 APPENDIX. 

be a Committee to repair to the Town of Brimfield, & view the Lands 
surveyed & laid out to the Hon**** Wait Winthrop, Esq. & report their 
opinion Whether it be convenient that a Reform of the said Survey 
should be made & that if a Eeform should be had, an Equivalent in 
Lands adjoining to the Remainder thereof be made to the heirs of the 
said late Honb** Wait Winthrop Esq. dec* and that the Petitioner 
serve Thomas Lechmere, Esq : with a copy of this Petition, & order 
that he be present (if he see Cause) when the Committee proceed in 
the Business & make any Objections against taking a Reform of the 
said Survey. 

In Council, Bead and Non-concurred and Ordered 
That the Petitioners cause Thomas Lechmere, Esq. to be served 
with a copy of this petition & an other copy to be left at the House of 
John Winthrop Esq. of New London, That so they give in their 
answer thereto, (if they see cause) on the first Friday of the next 
Session. 

In the House of Representatives, 

Read and Concurred. 

Consented to, 

W. DUMMEB. 

ACTION OF HOUSE AND COUNCIL. 

Monday ) 

June 19, 1726 1 

On the Petition of the Committee for Brimfield as entered Jan 
51726 

In the House of Representatives Read, together with the answer 
to the said Petition & the Reply to the said Answer, and the same be- 
ing duly considered — 

Ordered That Coll. William Dudley & Major Thomas Tileston with 
such as shall be joined by the Hon**'* Board be a Committee to repair 
to the Town of Brimfield & view the lands surveyed & laid out to the 
late Hon**^ Wait Winthrop Esq' & report their Opinion as soon as may 
be. Whether it may be convenient that a Reform of the said Survey 
should be made, and if it should be thought convenient that a Reform 
of the said Survey should be made, that an Equivalent in Lands lying 
& being in the Township of Brimfield & adjoining to the Remainder 
of the lands within the aforesaid Survey be made to the heirs of the 
said Hon**** Wait Winthrop Esq*" deceasd. 

In Council Read and Concurrd, and John Stoddard Esq' is joined 
with the Committee of the House in the affair above s*. 

Consented to — 



APPENDIX. 253 

PROVINCE OF THE MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

To the Honour^ William Dummer Esq Lieut Govemour & Comaiider 
in Cheif in & over His Maj*^ Province of the Massachusetts Bay & 
to the Hon"* The Councell & House of Representatives in General 
Court assembled. • 

The Petition of Thomas Lechmere, Esq. & Ann his wife, as the 
said Ann, is the only Daughter and coheir with her Brother, John 
Winthrop, Esq. to Wait Winthrop Esq. deceased. 
Most Humbly Sheweth, 

That in the year 1715 yr Petitioners said Father exhibited his 
Petition to a great & Gen" Court then setting and for the Consideration 
therein sett forth, praying as in said Petition a Coppy of which is 
herewith presented to Your Honours. That at a session of this 
Hon**** Court held in May last. The Town of Brimfield petitioned for 
part of a Tract of Land called The Tantuisques or Black lead Mines 
and a Comittee was appointed & Ordered to make their Report there- 
of this Fall session, but nothing thereupon is further done, & inas- 
much as Platts of the Land were taken by a Skillful Artist & Sworne 
Chainman at the Cost and Charge of y' Petitioners s* Father & now 
lodged in this Hon"* Court yo' Petitioners therefore pray y**' Hon" 
would take into y®' wise & serious Consideration the substance of their 
sd Fathers petition as also into y' Examination the s'* plans so as to 
ascertain by proper bounds the Right of your said Petitioners Father 
in said Tract of Land that yo*^ Petitioners therein may the better be 
enabled so sett off by a Partition their proportionable part or share 
thereof in order to improve the same in severalty That y" Honours 
will in yo' great Wisdom act therein so that yo' Petitioners may reap 
the Benefitt of y** Honours Justice before yo*" Petitioner Tho* Lech- 
mere departs from hence for Great Brittain where his affairs call for 
his speedy presence. 

And y' Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Tho' Lechmebb 
Ann Lechmebb 

In the House of Representatives, January 12, 1727. 

Read, and in Answer to this Petition, Ordered That Major Tile- 
stone and Major Quincy with such as the Honourable Board shall ap- 
point be a Committee to repair to the Town of Brimfield & view the 
Lands Surveyed & laid out to the late Honourable Waite Winthrop, 
Esq. and report their opinion as soon as may be Whether it may be 
convenient that a Reform of the said Survey should be made, that an 



254 APPENDIX. 

Equivalent in Lands lying and being within the Township of Brim- 
field and adjoining to the remainder of the lands within the aforesaid 
Survey be made to the heirs of the late Honourable Wait Wintbrop 
Esq deceased. 

Sent up for Concurrence, 

Wm Dudley Spker 
In Council Jan 15 1727 

Kead & Concurred and Saml Thaxter Esq is joind in the affair. 

J. WiLLARD Secy 
Consented to 

W"* DUMMER 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

April 15th 1728. 

Pursuant to the order of the Great & General Court above said the 
Major part of the Committee repaird to Brimfield & having carefully 
viewed the Lands Surveyed & Platted by John Wintbrop Esq called 
the Lead mines & the Land adjoining within the Township of Brim- 
field, are humbly of Opinion that there may be a Reform of that Sur- 
vey and that there is a Sufficient Quantity of Land adjoyning to the 

Lead Mines to make an Equivalent. 

Sam*- Thaxter 
Tho* Tileston 

IN COUNCIL. 
Fryday, ) 

June 7, 1728 J 

Samuel Thaxter, Esq, from the Committee appointed to consider of 
a Reform of Major General Winthrop's Plat of Land laid out to him 
at Tantuisques, near Brimfield, gave in the following Report, viz. 

Pursuant to the Order of the Great & General Court above said the 
Major Part of the Committee repaird to Brimfield, & having carefully 
viewed the Lands surveyed & platted by John Wintbrop, Esq. called 
the Lead Mines & the Land adjoining within the Town of Brimfield 
are humbly of opinion that there may be a Reform of that Survey and 
that there is a sufficient Quantity of Land adjoining to the Lead 
Mines to make an Equivalent — 

Sam'l Thaxter, Thomas Tileston. 

In Council, Road, and Ordered, That this Report be accepted and 
that Samuel Thaxter, Esq. with such as the Honb** House of Repre- 
sentat""' shall appoint, be a Committee to lay out to the Heirs of the 
late Hon**** Wait Wintbrop Esq as soon as may be, the Contents of 



APPENDIX. 255 

four Miles Square at Tantuisques, so as to include the black Lead 
lifines, & that they steer clear of the settlements made at Brimfield, 
That it be laid out in as regular a Figure as may be, so as to make it 
a full Equivalent to the former Survey, both as to Quantity & Qual- 
ity : and the Committee are directed as well seasonably to leave a noti- 
fication at the House of John Winthrop, Esq', in New London, as to 
notify Thomas Lechmere, Esq', to be present at said Survey, if they 
see Cause A Return thereof to be made to the Court for Confirmation : — 
In the House of Represent^" Read & Concurred & Ordered 

That Major Tilestone & Major Chandler be join'd in the affair. 

Consented to, 

W. DUMMBB. 

COPIES OF MINUTES OF COMMITTEE. 

Oct. 13th 1724. 

Agreed that each of the Established Proprietors be Taxed to the 
Charge of the Town at ten shillings upon the Poll, and three shillings 
per acre for their home Lott. 

Whereas by the countenance of the 'former Committee, Sundry 
Quantitys of Land has been laid out to several of the Grantees, which 
cannot be supposed by the Present Committee to be agreeable to the 
design of the Genl Assembly, and a Representation having also been 
made to this Committee that Extravagant Measure has been made in 
some of the former surveys. The Comm'tee although they are willing 
to suit every grantee as far as may possibly consist with reason by 
allowing them to hold such land as part of their Right upon which 
they have laid out considerable charge, yet they think it proper to 
prohibit the said Grantees from making any new improvement upon 
any land at present that is not likely to fall to fall to them or any of 
them as a part of their home lotts. 

October 14th. 
The Committee Considered the Circumstances of the Grantees, and 
drew up a scheme for regulating the Several Grants, which in many 
instances were exorbitantly made by the former Committee. 

October 19th. 
The Com*^ had a Conference with the Rev* Mr Richard Treat con- 
cerning the proposal made to him of 120 Acre Lott &c. and it was fi- 
nally agreed between y* Com*** & y* s** M' Treat that by an hundred 
and Twenty Acre Lott & Rights is to be understood the seventyeth 
part of said Township & no more and that the forty five acres of his 
home Lott is to be understood a part thereof. 



256 APPENDIX. 

The Scheme of Settlement being fully considered, It was agreed 
that the following Persons should be Entered on Becord with the 
Bights assigned to each Person, and is as follows. 

N. B. The Bights bare the Same proportion as the home lotts do, 
viz. 120 Acre lott is double in Bights to a sixty Acre Lott| and so of 
the rest, proportionablj. 
Ko. 1 Nathl Hitchcock 120. 



No. 45 John Danielson 50. 

A True Copy, Extracted from y* Becords. 



Test. 

John Chandler, 

Clerk for Brimfield. 

ACTION OF COMMITTEE ALLOWING EACH SETTLEB 120 

ACBES OF LAND. 

Brimfield May 15th 1729 

The Committee Considering that notwithstanding the Settlement 
made the 15th Day of October 1724 respecting the Several Lots then 
& since Established on the Inhabitants & the number of Acres with 
the Bights granted on each Lot which they Judged conformable to the 
Original Grant and the Direction of the Court to them : And that a 
like or equal Quantity of Land to each Setler was never intended by 
the original Grant ; yet by vertue of the Grants made by the former 
Com*** the Quantity of 120 Acres of Land was Granted & for the most 
part Laid out to each of the Grantees before the Establishment made 
by the present Committee, and unto some of them double the Quantity 
by virtue of grants made to Some of their sons under age : by means 
whereof some Improvements have been made otherwise than would 
have suited with the present scheme : and there has been an Expecta- 
tion in others to hold y* Quantity of Land then Granted or Laid out 
to them : and many Persons have built their Houses so as to be Ac- 
commodable to the whole Grant or Tract they Expected to hold and 
enjoy : and some Exchanges have been made, which without due pro- 
vision to Inable Persons to comply with their bargains might be very 
prejudicial. 

They therefore to make affairs the more Easy Do see Cause to Be- 
Bolve and Grant, and it is hereby Granted and Agreed that the Owners 
of the several Lotts established by this Com*^ Shall have Liberty (if 
they see Cause) to take up such Quantity of Land as was granted or 
Intended to be Granted by the former Com*^ and in y* same place where 



APPENDIX. 257 

laid out or Granted to them or Each of them^ not exceeding 120 Acres 
to a single Lot and twice that number of Acres where two Lots were 
granted & Laid out to the same family, and what shall Exceed the 
number of acres according to the late Establishment^ Shall be esteemed 
and Accounted after-division Land, i^nd accordingly be entered in the 
Kecords as such, and off set as so much of the after Eights of each 
Particular Person or Setler to whom the same shall be laid out. 

And it is farther Ordered that the Meadows w®** are as yet Un- 
granted Shall be sequestred for the Use of those of the Grantees who 
have little or no Meadows Laid out to them, tha\; so there may be a 
proportion of Meadow as near as may be to each Inhabitant. And 
the Surveyor is directed to take care to make his Returns Accordingly. 

A True Copy. 

Test. John Ghakdleb. 

CI for Brimfield. 

ACTION OF COUNCIL ON PETITION OF DELIVERANCE 

BROOKS AND OTHERS. 
Wednesday ) 
July 9 : 1729 ]" 

A Petition of Deliverance Brooks, Robert Moulton, and others, 
Praying for Relief from divers difficulties which they underwent in 
the Town of Brimfield by the conduct of the late and present Commit- 
tee for managing the affairs of the said Town : & that the Committee 
may be dismissed from their Trust & the Inhabitants impowered to 
order their own affairs as other Towns in the Province. 

In the House of Representatives Read and Ordered That this 

Petition be referred to the next Session of the Court, & that in the 
mean time the Petitioners serve the Inhabitants of Brimfield as also 
the said Committee with a copy hereof That they may then shew 
cause why the Prayer of the Petition should not be granted. 

In Council, Read and Concurred. 

Consented to, W. Burnet. 

ACTION IN COUNCIL. 
Saturday 7 

August 30 : 1729 j 

A Petition of divers Inhabitants of Brimfield Shewing as Enter'd 
July 9^ 1729. being read again in both Houses together with the an- 
swer for Brimfield, & of the other Inhabitants; & of the Committee for 
Managing the Affairs of the Said Town : & the matter being fully con- 
sidered — 

It was Voted by both Houses that the Said Petition be dismissed. 
3d 



258 APPENDIX. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LAND GRANTS. 

To His Excellency, Jonathan Belcher, Esq. Captain General and Gov- 
ernour in Chief, the Hon**** the Council & House of Representatiyes 
in Gen. Court Assembld at Cambridge, September the 9th 1730. 
The Report of the Present Committee of Brimfield, humbly sheweth 
That in Pursuance of a Vote of this Great & General Court of the 
12th of June 1723, the said Com*** have often Repaired to Brimfield, 
& mett together to pursue & perfect the Settlement of the Town. 

That in order to regulate or reconcile y* affair relating to the Grants 
made by the former Com*** (which were much perplexed in respect 
both to their Excess in the number of Grants made out & the Quan- 
tity of Land therein Granted) they proceeded in the following method. 
First, They reduced 16 Grants of 120 Acres each to 8. The a* 16 
Grants being made to 8 of the principal Inhabitants, who had for 
themselves and one of each of their Sons Two Grants of 120 Acres 
each as afores* thereby making 1920 Acres formerly granted to become 
960 Acres by the present Establishment i. e. 8 Lotts of 120 Acres 
Each, Instead of their former Grants, (Several of whose Sons are Mar- 
ried, and have now built and setled there as well as their Fathers) 
which they willingly consented to, being assured by the present Com*** 
that their alotments should be of the Largest or Highest Denomina- 
tion : and that the other Lotts should be bro't down to what this 
Com*** conceived to be intended bj'^ the Court in making Brimfield a 
Townsliip, so that 8 of the 16 Lotts may rather be esteemed included 
than that the 16 are reduced to 8 only. The names of the said 
Grantees are as follow viz Nathaniel Hitchcock (y* first Inhabitant, 
and who dwelt there with his family one winter before there was a 
second family there) Ebenezer Graves, David Hitchcock, Benjamin 
Cooley, Leonard Hoar, Capt John Sherman, David Morgan, & Nathan 
Collins. 

21y They setled on Deliverance Brooks, Daniel Hubbard, John 
Atcherson, & Park Williams an hundred acre grant each (being per- 
sons who as this Com*** then conceived deserved y* next Largest Lotts) 
two of whom had formerly a Grant for each of themselves and one for 
a son, and the other a purchased Lott each of s^ Lotts of 120 Acres. 
It was done to good satisfaction in the Time of it. * [But Deliverance 
Brooks who had but one grant and has since sold near the whole of it 
now wants more land to sell for his convenience.] 

31y. They Setled on John Stebbins, W™ Nelson, & John Charles 
(who had each of them two grants of 120 Acres) 90 Acre Lotts. 



* Erased iii the original document. C. M. H. 



APPENDIX. 259 

These persons seemd contented also when & since the settlement 
was made. 

41y. They setled on John Lumbard, David Lumbard, Samuel Hub- 
bard, Peter Haynes, Joseph Haynes, Peter Montague, Henry Burt, 
Thomas Stebbins, W° Nichols' heirs, & Micah Towsley, to each of 
them an 80 Acre Lott. These persons were Esteemd by this Com*** 
to deserve the next Regard to Brooks and Danl Hubbard of any that 
had single Grants and they all seemd to be well satisfyd with the 
settlement made. 

Sly. They Established 4 Lots of 70 Acres each, one whereof is the 
Minister's Lott namely M' Richard Treat to whom y* people promised 
a Lott of 120 Acres, but by reason the lotts were to be reduced, He & 
they agreed upon a 70th part of the Township instead of 120 Acre 
Lott (which was supposed would not exceed a 70 Acre Lott) the 
names of the other Grantees are Eleazer Foot, Wm Warriner, and 
James Tompson. 

6Ly. They established 13 Lotts (which as is Supposed will draw 
about a 73** part of the Town to each Lott,) to Francis Baxter's Heirs 
& Assignes, George Erwin, Joseph Frost, David Shaw, John (now 
Daniel) Burt, Joshua Shaw, Samuel Bliss, Thos' Foot's assigns, John 
Keep, Samuel Allen, Nathanial Miller, Ezra King, & Bobert Old 
(called also Capt Ashlys Lott) These Lotts contain 65 Acres each. 

71y. Three Lotts were allowed to be 60 Acre Lotts, & Establishd 
to Samuel King, Anthony Needham & Bob* Moulton Jun' Either of 
whom were esteemd not to deserve more than one half of the quan- 
tity of one of the 8 double Lotts. Tilly Merrick was admitted after- 
ward conditionally, and so was Bobert Moulton, both of them had a 
60 Acre Lott apiece, & were very thankfull they were so well dealt 
with, being then sensible the Com*** admitted them not without great 
difficulty. These 2 last Lotts make 6 60 Acre Lotts. 

The Present Com*** having considered that the former Com*** (as 
well as themselves) understood the intent of the Court was that Lotts 
of divers Denominations or differing Quantities should be granted in 
distributing and setling the Township, and that they designed one 
Quarter part or more of the whole number of lotts by them to be 
granted should be but half shares, or not to Exceed a half part of the 
Largest Lotts as their Book (that part of it written by Col Pynchon) 
will show, wherefore 

81y They Granted to Eleven Persons (former Grantees & mostly 
young And singlemen) 50 Acre Lotts, which is supposed will draw 
about a 95 part of the Township each. The names of y* Grantees are 
John Nelson, John Danielson, John Miller, John Mighell, Joseph 



260 APPENDIX. 

Davis, Benjamin Warner, Daniel Graves, Benjamin Mun, Dan^ Fuller, 
Nathanial Clark, and afterward John BuUen, with a saving still of the 
Conditions on which Granted. 

Also, one 40 Acre Lott to Samuel Mnnger (altho' he had dealt de- 
ceitfully with the Town about a Grist mill) and afterward 2 more Lotts 
of the same Denomination, one of them to Thomas Green, the other to 
Daniel, alias Joshua Old, conditionally. 

And 6 thirty four Acre Lotts, the Grantees names are Ebr Scot, 
Mark Ferry, Sam* Allan, Jun', Sam* Shaw, Seth Shaw, & Daniel 
Killum. 

These last 6 are near half share men inasmuch as 68 acres, or there- 
about according to y* following scheme draws a 70 th part of the 
Townships. 

8 lotts that indeed are instead of 16 of 120 A make 960 A 
4 6 100 400 

3 6 
10 10 

4 4 
13 13 

5 5 

47 60 3866 

Bro't for'd verte 

47 lotts that indeed are instead of 60 make 3866 Acres 
11 11 of 60 660 

3 1 3 40 120 

6 6 34 204 



90 


270 


80 


800 


70 


280 


65 


845 


60 


300 



67 80 4729 
70) 4729 (67 ? J w«»» is near 68 acres 

420 70 

70 

629 

490 4900 

4729 



39 



171 



Now if it be necessary to make three lotts more, that the number 
may be 70 beside the Included lots. It is humbly proposed there may 
be three lotts granted to such Persons who may best deserve them, 
either of 67 Acres each or as your Excellency and Honors shall please 
to direct. Or the 171 Acres may be distributed to and Among those 



> 14 Lotts 



APPENDIX. 261 

who have wrought on their places beyond Expectation^ or who were 
not sufficiently considered at the Establishment (if any such there be) 
But then your Excellency and Honours will please also to direct what 
shall be done with the non-resident claimers, viz. 
The 6 Gentlemen of the former Gom'tee 6 Lotts 

The present Col* Pynchon, m' Brewer, ) . ^ 

W» Hamilton & Patrick Marshall \ ^ ^^^^^ 

As also the claims of m' W"* Pynchon, Obadiah Cooley, 
Capt George Colton, Thomas Ingersole, David Ingersole, 
Thomas Mirrick, Thomas Mirrick Jr, Nathan Sikes, Sam- 
uel Keep, Increase Sikes, Andrew Bayley, Pelatiah Glo- 
er, Jun' who with John Evan and Eben' Cook that still 
pretend to 120 Acre Grant Each, altho' y* Com*^ has de- 
clared y"' viz. Evans & Cook forfeited, makes 

in all 24 Lotts 
& all of 120 acres or more. 

And there are many other Claimers whose pretentions this Com*** 
think not worth any notice. 

The non-Resident Claimers never had any Encouragement from the 
present Com*** that they should hold their Grants, inasmuch as they 
were not made agreeable to the Original Grant, for the Grantees were 
not obliged to settle them. 

The Taxes have been Levy'd on the Polls, & on the Lands in pro- 
portion to the Grants. Every Poll in the first Tax was was set at Ten 
shillings & every acre of home Lott at three Shillings and in the sec- 
ond Tax the Polls were set at 34 and the Lotts at 12^ an acre. 

The Town are in arrears with the Rev* m' Treat, which is much to 
his damage, nor can the Com*** otherwise Redress it than by giving 
this Information having no authority to make out a Warrant of Dis- 
tress for Collecting the Taxes. 

The Surveys are not yet gone thro' several Persons refuse to have 
their Lotts Surveyd, and others could not have theirs finished, the 
season of the Year not permitting So that the Record of the Land 
could not be made. 

Finally this Com*^ are humbly of Opinion it will be reasonable & 
necessary that one Tax more should be Assessed & Collected in s* 
Brimfield on Land & Polls only, to set y* Town clear of debt, wh** the 
Com*** would have made before this time, had they not been of 
Opinion that it was necessary to have the direction of the Great & 
Gen. Court therein, & that authority might be given to Enforce the 



262 APPENDIX. 

payment thereof, And of y* Arrears of the former Taxes in some con- 
venient season. 

All w*** is most humbly submitted by 

John Chandler ) 
Hjbnby Dwight >-Com** 
Joseph Jennings ) 

ACTION ON REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

In Council, Oct. 1, 1730. 
Read, and Ordered 

That this Report be accepted and that the Grants of the twenty- 
four Lotts therein mentioned, which were made by the former Com- 
ittee contrary to the Order of this Court, be And hereby are Declared 
Null & Void, and that this Committee be directed to grant out the 
three remaining Lots to suitable Persons forthwith, and that the Col- 
lectors have full Power & Authority to collect, gather in & pay the 
several Rates & Assess^ to them committed, to the Persons w^ are or 
shall be appointed to receive the same in as full & ample Manner as 
other Collectors have by law. And that the Committee proceed to assess 
& levy the further Tax by them proposed in this Report. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

J. WiLLABD, Sec'y. 

In the House of Rep*»^- Oct 1 1730 j 

Read and non concurred and Ordered That this Report be so far 
accepted as that the Committee be and hereby are fully authorized 
and impowered to assess and levy the further Tax by them proposed 
in this Report, and to appoint Collectors to gather in the same. The 
said Collectors as also the Collectors appointed upon former assess- 
ments to have full Power and Authority to Collect gather in and pay 
the several Rates and Assessments to them committed to the Persons 
who are or shall be appointed to receive the same in as full and ample 
manner as other Collectors have by Law. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 



In Council Oct 3 1730 

Read and Concurred. 

Oct 3 1730 

Consented to 



J. QuiNCY Spker 



J WiLLABD Secy 



J Belcher 



APPENDIX. 263 



REMONSTRANCE OF WILLIAM PYNCHON AND OTHERS, 

AGAINST ACTION OF COMMITTEE. 

Province of the > 
Massachusetts Bay. ) 

To His Excellency, Jonathan Belcher Esq. Capt Gen' and Govern' in 
Chief, the Hon^** Council, and Representatives in General Court 
Assembled February 10th 1730-31. 

William Pynchon for himself and others underwritten 
Humbly Sheweth That at the Gen* Court in May 1701, a Certain 
Tract of Land called now Brimfield was Granted to several Petitioners 
and such others as y* Comtee by that Court appointed should Associate 
to them, and appointed Col. John Pynchon, Capt Thomas Colton. and 
others a Comtee, Impowering them to order the Settlem*' of the Place, 
In there making Grants of land to have Respect to mens abilitys to 
Improve there Land by dwelling or Building on it, as y* Comtee should 
ord' on a forfeiture and ordering that the Rates and Charges be Raised 
on y* Grantee or Inhabitants by y* Poll and according to there Grants, 
And in the same act there is Special Provision that they shall Distrib- 
ute the land to Sixty familys. That Twenty familys shall dwell 
there within Two Yeares, and Provision be made by Grant for Seventy . 
more if the land will conveniently accomodate So many. 

The Comtee appoint* as aforesaid Grant* lotts to all the Petitioners 
und'written on A Condition of Settlem* and afterwards by an agreement 
with the Settlers, and with the Com'^ the Condition of Settlement 
was for the Best Advantage of the Place, Releas* to some of the 
und'written Petition" whereupon several of them have paid Several 
sums of money, Givin Security for more, and are Ready in all things 
to Comply w*** y* agreem** And tho' the Present Com*^ for that Place 
are of Opinion we ought to be Cutt off, we Humbly Pray we may not 
but may have our Estate Ratified for these Reasons. 

1. Because some of us have it directly by Grant of the Genl Court 
above and are the foundation of the Society to whom others are to be 
added, and Have been at Great Cost and Charges and no Proffit in the 
Settlem* of the Place. 

2. Because others of us that have been admitted by the first Comtee 
have been beneficiall to the Place, Expended our money there, & have 
Built there. 

3. Because few of us have less to saj then This, viz. that we Have 
made particular agree^ with the Inhabitants and Comtee to save our 



264 APPEKDIX. 

Condition or have been Hindered by act of God^ which should Pre- 
judice no Man. 

But since our Circumstances are Various and Twould be Endless to 
comprehend them Particularly in a Petition 

We Humbly Pray a Comtee may be appointed to hear our Several 
and Particular Allegations and Pass upon the Same And that as we 
Hope they shall be found Reasonable we may have the land Confirmed 
to us, And Yr most Humble Petion" Shall Ever Pray. 

William Pynchon for himself, & in behalf of the Gen*" of the 
former Committee & y* heirs of those that are Deceasd. 

George Golton 
Samuel Keep 
Obadiah Cooley 
Thomas Ikgersole 
Francis Sikes 
Thomas Mirick 
Pelatiah Glover Junr 
Increase Sikes 
Ebenezer Cook 
Thomas Mirick Jr 
Daniel Brewer 
David Inobrsole 
Andrew Batley 
Jno Evins 
Eben» Cook 

In the House of Rep" Feb. 19, 1730 
Head and Committed to the Committee for Petitions. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

The Comitee having Considered The aforegoing Petition are of 
Opinion That The same be refferrd to the Second fryday of the next 
may session Then to be Considered with the other Petition & matters 
relating to the affair of the Town of Brimfield. 

Per ord' Com** 

Ben" Lyndb Jun* 

In the House of Rep Feb 20 1730. 

Read and accepted and Ordered That the Petition be referred to the 
second friday of the next may session then to be considered with the 



APPENDIX. 265 

other Petitions and matters relating to the affairs of the Town of 

Brim field. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

J. QuiNCY Spkr. 
In Council, Feb. 22, 1730 

Eead and Concurrd. 

J. WiLLABD, Secy. 
Feb. 22, 1730 

Consented to J, Belcher. 

PETITION OF JOHN STEBBINS & OTHERS. 

May y* 7 Day In the year 1717. 
At a Meeting of the former Committe for Brimfield Which was 
held at Springfield : where they made the first Grants that was made 
to men that Live In Brimfield. At that time there was a Discoers of 
the Committes making Some Sixty acors Lots : but the people would 
not Come to Brimfield for that Encouragement; therefore they 
Granted Eighty acors to Each man ; and promised to Some that would 
Come and Lead the way : An Hundred and twenty acors. after w<ard 
they Granted an Hundred And twenty acors to Some of them and 
Some others: that came with considerable f^eilies which would 
otherwise hardly a came : now those men that had the Promies of be- 
ing made as good or better then any of the Rest : for Their Leading 
the way : Saw that others were made Equel with them ; then theye 
themselves to the Committe for a Lot for one of their Sons : that they 
might In Joy the priviledg promest them : which was granted to Some 
of them : and to Some others also, also : they preforming the Condi- 
tions in the year as 20. 21 or 22 : In this time the peopole at Brim- 
field : Labourd under discouragement because the addition Grant on 
the East Side of the townShip of Brimfield was Defir'd ; yet when the 
addition was Granted : the discouragement Remained Still ; by Reson 
of the Service of the Honnorable Wait Winthrop this with other dis- 
couragement : as we conceive were Lets to the towns progress : where- 
upon the Committe made Additional Grants to the grantees whereby 
they made to the grants In General ; an Hundred and twenty acors ; 
notwithstanding the Committes preceding in this the Discouragement 
Still Remains through the Seirvei of M'. Wintrops fiorni booth to the 
Inhabitance and other Grantes ; these Lets and Impediments were 
Such that we Remain'ed near Seven years without a teaching priest, 
but when their was means preceded In ; and hops conceived of having 
the Servic of this foirm Removied ; then men began to quicken theiV 
pace. These may Certifie that the Subscribers ; had evety and Each 
of them : an Hundred and twenty acors by a first : and 21y by an ad- 

84 



266 APPENDIX. 

ditional Grant : made to them by the former Gommitte. Either to 

themselves : or by alowing them to bj^e of others : and so by making 

additional! Grants to them; confirm the whole Grants to them, these 

Subcribers being Evidence not for each other : but for themselves 

Singly. 

John Stebbins 

david lombard 

Thomas Stebbins 

STATEMENT OF THOMAS STEBBINS & OTHERS. 

Again first they say that such Persons were Sattisfied : and others 
Seem to be Contented: but we say we all ways were dissatisfied at the 
distrebution. 

21y they hold fourth in their Report as if the Reverond Mister treet 
and the people agreed, because the Lot were to be Reduced both these 
things we think to be a crafty Insinvation : whereby they would make 
this Excelent House belive that we agreed to have the Lots Reduced 
but these we testifie against. 

In coming to Brimfield about this time the Gommitte proceded to 
make moore grants : wherein they exceded the number of Seventy, 
this with some other procedings did seem to be discorraging to the 
Inhabitance : whereupon some of the Inhabitance 

Sent a Complaint of their proceeding : to the Grate and General 
Court, a Committe of Enquiry is sent 

John Stebbins 
david lombabd 
John Chabls 
Deliverance Brooks 
John Lombard 
Samuel bliss 

After the said Committee had made Enquiry: they make their Re- 
port : may 29 day year 1723 they were : sent a Committee to order the 
Prudentialls : and to perfect the Settelment of i^rimfield. 

the first thing that we observe is their Distrebution they made : 
which is set forth in there Report made the Last year: this report was 
published In the year 1730: which is to this purpose:, to some an 
Hundred And twenty some an Hundred some ninety some eighty 
some seventy some sexty five some sixty some fivety some forty some 
thirty four acres : this we understand allso that the after Rights are 
to arise accordingly so that so much as they have Reduce every lot to 
according to those numbers: we conceive to be taken out of our former 



jlppendix. 267 

grants : one which for the most part we have fulfilled the Conditions, 
and we think very hard to be Beduce to such numbers above said the 
Hundred and Twenty Acors granted being the very Encouragement 
which some of us, and that the most of the Best had granted to them 
afterward came upon: we think it hard if this present Committe 
have taken advantage from any thing wanting in the former Commit- 
tes Book : or any other disadvantage that some have been Labouring 
undur : then again we think it a straing thing that after men have 
been 

have been in their own setteld improvement and In their prosessious 
Seven Eight or ten 12 or thertin years that then the Committe 
should Judge of mens abillities and then to procede to take a list As 
in the year 1730 they did : and upon this they make their Beport : but 
before this they preceded to lay a tax upon us according to the afore 
said numburs which gave us good Beson to suspect : what they In- 
tended : this has proved a grate discouragement to many of the Inhab- 
itance : and tends very much to disunite : disafect and divide : the said 
town : the which we think : is in Efect acomplisht 
these things seem malancoly to us 

THOMAS Stibbexs Joshua Shaw John Keep 

John Lombard John Atcbeson James Tompson 

John Bullen Sam"* Shaw Bobert Old 

Samuel Allen Benj^ Muk and also I Bobert Old 

Anthoney Nekdham ' S*.;;Sf'JSi?,fe'tf' 

vr r\ Late iJccd for his 

Kathael Clark gnnt 

Mark Jerey John Miller 

John Denison Daniel fuller 

Georoe Erwen Joseph frost 

Benjamin Warner Eleazer Foot 

Sam"* King Daniel Burt 

Ebenezer Scot the Asigns of John Burt 

Joseph Davis David Shaw 

Deliverance Brooks Daniel l Killam 

Seth Shaw 



268 APPENDIX. 



PETITION OF JOHN STEBBIKS AND OTHERS, ASKING 

TO BE QUIETED IN THEIR GRANTS AND FOR 

THE PRIVILEGES OF OTHER TOWNS. 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq. Capt. General and Gov- 
ernour in Cheif in and over His Majesty's Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay. The Honourable His Majesty's Council and House 
of Representatives in General Court assembled at Boston, February 
1730. 

The Petition of Sundry of the Inhabitants of Brimfield, Subscribers 
hereunto 
Most humbly Sheweth 

That whereas in the year seventeen hundred and one Brimfield was 
Granted for a Township upon certain Conditions particularly set forth 
in the General Court's Resolve, and for the admitting of Inhabitants 
granting Alottments, distributing or proportioning of land there, and 
ordering all the Prudential Affairs of the Place, Collo. John Pynchon 
and five other Gent" were fully Impowered as a Committee by the said 
Court to manage, order, and Determin all that is needful to stating 
and settling the place for five or sex years or according as the Court 
should see cause to order, provided (among other things) that they 
Grant to no one Person that may have the Greatest Estate more than 
one hundred and twenty acres of all sorts of lands: And whereas 
through the distress of war the Said Committee could not possibly set- 
tle the Place aforesaid in such manner and time as was appointed, 
therefore in May seventeen hundred and nine, at the petition of sev- 
eral concerned in said Tract of land, the General Court was pleased to 
Enlarge the time granted to the Committee for the business aforesaid 
four years after the conclusion of the then war with France and Spain 
so also the same term was allowed to the Grantees to Comply with 
the Conditions of their Grants and Major John Pynchon added to the 
Committee in the room of his deceased Father and whereas before the 
Expiration of said term the said Committee according to the Power 
given them Granted to your Petitioners severally a lott of one hundred 
and twenty acres which lotts your Petitioners have improved accord- 
ing to the Conditions of their Grant by building thereon, actually 
Dwelling there and paying all such rates and charges as have been 
laid on them for settling the place aforesaid, whereupon your Petition- 
ers Concluded that by force of the Grant of said Committee and their 
Performance of the Condition upon which they received them, they 
had an absolute right in and to their several lotts aforesaid, as can 



APPENDIX. 2G9 

easily be made to appear. But so it is that the Great and General 
Court at their session in June, 1723, were pleased to determine and 
make void the Power Granted to said Committee, and instead of them 
appoint the Hon^ John Chandler, and Henry Dwight, Esq. and Mr. 
Joseph Jennings, a Committee to carry on and perfect the settlement 
of said Town agreeable to the General Court's Intent in making Brim- 
field a Township, who made Keport of their doings to the General 
Court at their session in Cambridge last September, wherein are many 
things Justly Exceptionable and may be easily pointed out when nec- 
essary; But your Petitioners more particular Grievance (in case this 
Beport be accepted by your Excellency and Honours) is that all of 
them will loose part of their Original Grants which they have Actually 
Improved, as before mentioned, some of them one-Third, some two- 
Thirds, and others almos* three fourths : and this without any Provis- 
ion made for a recompence. 

Yr Petitioners therefore against the Acceptance thereof, at least so 
far as relates to their Inconveniencys, beg leave to offer that in their 
humble opinion the General Court did not an null the Acts and Grants 
of the former Committee, but only determine the power of said Com- 
mittee for the future, nor did the last Committee ever receive any 
Power to vacate or abridge the former Commit's Grants. But their 
power was only to carry on and perfect the settlement of A Town, and 
it would be the highest reflection on the Justice of this Great and 
General Court as it is furthest from the thoughts of your Petitioners 
to Imagine they shall be deprived of any part of the lands above men- 
tioned. Which they first received from a Committee of the Government, 
and that upon such terms as they with the Utmost Difficulty Com- 
plyed with, being at no small Expense in Settling Building and Im- 
proving, and with great hazard of their lives and Substance, living on 
and Defending the same, besides the taxes laid on them by this last 
Committee amounting to near a Thousand Pounds of which they had 
no account, and sundry other hardships too tedious and melancholly 
here to mention. 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray they may be Quieted in 
the Possession of their Original Grants which they humbly conceive 
by Law they have acquired a good right to, that the last Committee 
may be ordered to deliver the Book of the first Committee's Grants to 
your Petitioners, and that the Grants made by the last Committee 
may be proportioned according to the order of the General Court in 
making Brimfield a Township that they may be fred from the Com- 
mittee and that the said Town may enjoy the Priviledges of all other 
Towns, and that to those to whom Grants have been made by the first 



270 APPENDIX. 

Committee, the records whereof may have casually heen lost, yet hare 
fuUfilled the Conditions of said Grants may have the same Established 
to them and Inasmuch as there wants three lotts or Grants to fill up 
the number of Seventy, your Petitioners humbly Pray, that those that 
are now Improving or Dwelling in>Brimfield may fill up the vacancy, 
having been benefactors to the said town of Brimfield, and your Peti- 
tioners (as in Duty bound) shall ever Pray &c 

Daniel Fulleb John Stebbens 

John Lombard Robebt Moulton 

Anthony Needham Ebenezeb Scot 
Thomas Gbeen John Bullen 

George Anoan Dayid Lombabd 

John Nelson Bobebt Old 

Sam'l Allin Eleasab Foot 

Danl Bubt John Chabls 

Daniel Gbayss 
The Assigns of Robert Moulton, Jk> 

John Bubt Benjamin Mun 

Joseph Davis Thomas Foot 

Saml King Samuel Keep 

The Widow Sarah Nick ells , < 

Administrator to the Estate of 

William Nickells, deceased, 
Robert Moulton 

The assigns of Saml Mungbr 

Thomas Stebbins 
Mabk Febbt 
John Mighells 
Joshua Shaw 
Deliyebencs Brooks 
Benjamin Warner 
Endorsed 

In the House of Representatives Feb 16, 1730 
Read and Committed to the Committee for Petitions. 
House Journal, Printed Copy, Vol 1, 1730-1. 
Feb. 16. 

A Petition of Sundry of the Inhabitants of Brimfield, praying that 
they may be quieted in the possession of their Original Grants which 
they conceive they have a good Right to, that the last Committee may 
be Ordered to deliver the Book of the iirst Committees Grants to the 



APPENDIX. 271 

Petitioners, and that the Grants made by the last Committee may be 
proportioned according to the Order of the General Court in making 
Brimfield a Township, that they may be free from the Committee, and 
that the said Town may Enjoy the Privileges of all other Towns, and 
that those to whom Grants have been made by the first Committee, 
the Records whereof may have been casually lost, yet have fulfilled 
the Conditions of said Grants, may have the same Estabtished to them. 
And inasmuch as there wants three Lots or grants to fill up the num- 
ber of Seventy that these that are now improving or dwelling in Brim- 
field may fill up the Vacancy for Reasons mentioned. 
Bead and Committed to the Committee for Petitions. 

Mr. Lynde, from the Committee for Petitions, Reported on the Pe- 
tition of Sundry of the Inhabitants of Brimfield, entered the 16th In- 
stant] 

In the House of Rep^«« Feb 20 1730 
Read and 

Ordered, That the Prayer of this Petition be so far granted as that 
some of the principal Inhabitants of the Town of Brimfield be served 
w^ith a copy of the Petition, that so they may give in their Reasons 
(if any they have) against the Prayer Thereof on the Second Fryday 
of the sessions of this Court in May next. And that the last Commit- 
tee of Brimfield be also served with a copy of the Petition that they 
may show Cause why the same may not be granted, as to what refers 
to them ; and also that the said Committee do suspend acting any fur- 
ther in the affair of said Town until the order of this Court and that 
the said Committee be also directed to have the books and papers 
relating to the whole of. the settlement of the Town ready for the 
perusal of this Court, on the Second Fryday before mentioned. 
And that the Inhabitants of the said Town be so far freed from a 
Committee and have and enjoy the Powers and Priviledges of a Town 
as to raiseand make Taxes, call a Meeting, choose Town Officers 
&cra 

Provided, That in the Use of the said Powers they shall not pre- 
sume to pass any Acts or Grants that may affect the Property or any 
ways concern any of the Lands lying within the said Township and 
that the Committee for Brimfield be directed and Impowered to give 
copeys of Grants of Lands to the non-Resident Proprietors, if they re- 
quest the same. 

And that Capt. John Sherman a Principal Inhabitant of the said 
Brimfield be and hereby is fully authorized and impowered to Notifie 
and Warn the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of said Precinct to 



272 APPENDIX. 

Assemble and Convene in some publick place in Brimfield aforesaid 
some time in March next requiring tliem to choose all town officers. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

J. QuiircY, Spkr 
In Council Feb. 22, 1730 : 

Head & Concurd 

J WiLLABD, Secj. 
Feb. 22, 1730; 

Consented to 

J Belchsb 

REMONSTRANCE OF ROBERT MOULTON AND OTHERS 
AGAINST THE ACTION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE. 

At a meeting of y* former Commitee for Brimfield w'h meeting was 
held at Springfield on y* 7th Day of may, 1717. At w'h sd meeting 
y' sd Com**" made y' first grants y* was made to any of y* grantees 
now present Inhabitants of s^ town : and at y* sd meeting it was Dis- 
courst of by y* afores* Com*®* to make some 60 acre grants, and upon 
y* motion thereof : y* people utterly refused to come and setle in sd 
town : unless they Could have Bigor Grants : Granted to each of them : 
by y' sd Com*** therefore y* sd Comt** then granted, to each grantee : 
an 80 acre grant: but yet: notwithstanding y* people were verry 
backward in setling y* sd plantation: and maney persons neglected. 
to Comply with y* terms, of their respective grants, and by their soe 
doing they forfited y* same, and soe y* town, still remained in a verry 
unlii^kly way to be settled : according to y* true meaning and Intent 
of ye hon* Court : and y* Direction thereof : and soe the sd town re- 
mained for several years: under exceeding great Discouragments : 
both b}' reason of ye Brokenness of ye Land: and because of ye maney 
hills: rooks and mountains: and uneven ness therein: soe y' y* greatest 
part of y* whole township: wase waste Land: and of Little or noe value: 
and not then Licldy to be removed: and also y* sd Com*** for y* En- 
couragement of y* setlmcnt of sd ])lantation: then granted out to eai*.h 
grantee in generall: 40 acres more to make up sd grants, to be 120 
acres: and y* sd Com*** exceeded, the number of grants Limited by y* 
hou** Com** of w^'h sd grants that exceed sd Limitation: and although 
not Inhabitants, nor y* Conditions of y* same, never performed: yet 
there are manoy of such grantees who now Chalenge and Clainie a 
good aright, and title to sd grants: as any other grantees in sd tow*n 
who have performed y* Conditions of their respective grants, in sd 
town: and also several of y* Inhabitants, went prity privatly to y* sd 



APPENDIX. 273 

Com*** and Interceeded with s** Com*** for a second grant to give to 
their sons : to wit an 80 acre grant each — w*h y* Last Com*** calls 
120 acre grant, each : in their report : y* most of all whose sons : were 
hut children att y* same time when granted : and y* Conditions of sd 
g^nts remains to this day unperformed : under these and manny other 
Innumerahle Discouragements the town then Lahouring under, 
ocationed. y* place to he without a minister for seven years : and 
farther : when ye Inhahitants came to find out : that y* former Com*** 
continued Still granting out more grants than y* Limitation of y* hon* 
Court whereupon : acomplaint wase made of y* same : and also of sun- 
derry other things hy some of y* Inhahitants : not hecause that our 
grants were all in general equal : notg* we had y* Least thought of 
Cutting Short or Depriving of any of y* grantees : Inhahitants of sd 
town : of any part of their origenal 120 acres : to each grantee : and 
then our Last Com*** wase sent, a Comt** of inquirie. but afterward 
they wore put in a Com*** to perfectt y* setlement of said town, and 
Indeed : in our humble opinion : in stead thereof : they have ruined y* 
town : unless Correctted by your Ex. and honours. 

We think it a verry hard thing, to be reduced from our hundred and 
twenty acre grants, it being y* Encouragment we had from y* former 
Com*** : and also we think it exceeding hard y* y* Last Com*** should 
take any advantage from anything wanting in y* former Com**** Book : 
by y* former Com**** neglectt : notwithstanding ye Conditions of our 
grants having been performd : and in ye Improvement and in actual 
possession of y* same for several years. 

All w'h is most humbly submited to your honours Consideration. 

June y* 4th 1731. Egbert Moulton 

David Shaw 
John Stebbins 
George Erwin in y* behalf 
of y* town of Brimfield. 

EVIDENCE OF JOHN KEEP AND MICAH TOUSLEY TO 

SHOW THAT JOHN EVINS DID NOT INTEND 

TO SETTLE IN BEIM FIELD. 

The Evidence of John Keep : and micah tousley Between Samuel 
Shaw and John Evins : witnesseth that Samuel Lamb, of Springfield : 
eame to Samuel Shaws home Lott in Brimfield. some j'ears agoe : — and 
he y* sd Lambb : took a hooe : and Did hooe up everry small spott of 
ground: within y*afores*^ Samuel Shaws ray field: where the sd Shaws 
raj was then growing : and y* s^ Lamb. Did take some ears of ray 
whch he had in his pocket : and he Did partly shll out y* same upon 

85 



274 APPENDIX. 

y* sd little spot of ground which he had hoe* up in y* sd Shaws ray : 
and then he took a rake and Did rake in y* same : and when he had 
soe Don : y* sd Lamb Did Desire us : to bear witness : that he had 
both Brooken up Land. and. also soun y* same : and yt upon y* sd 
John Evinsacount: as he himself had told us: and also hey* sd Lamb 
took each of us y* Subscribers hereof, a considerable way : to be wit- 
nesses to the same : John and father y* sd micali tously Doth testify — 

Keep 
that he heard y* sd John Evins say y* he never would Come to Live in 

sd Brimfield nor never Intended to live their in sd Brimfield : if he 
might have half y* town for soedoing : and I told y* said Evins y* he 
would certainly Loos his grant if he Did not Come to Brimfield and 
fulfill y* Conditions of his sd Grant: as other men in said town Did: 
and then y* sd Evins Replied : y* he would not come to Brimfield to 
Live therein : if he might have the y* whole of sd town for sodoing : 
and he further said y* he would Lett it ly : it would eate noe Bread 
from him : and y* sd Evins said y* he would make apeney of it : some 
time or other, v* as efidavis — 

pr me 

MiCAH TOUSLKY 

And I y* wife of micah tousley Do testify to y* truth of y* same 

because said in my hearing. 

her 

HANNAH TOUSLEY X 

mark 

And I for y® foregoing partt Relating to Shaw : do certify to y* 

truth of y* same. 

John Keep 

REMONSTRANCE OF JOHN STEBBINS AND OTHERS 
AGAINST THE ACTION OF THE SECOND COMMITTEE. 

Brimfield in y* County of Hampshire in y* Province of y* massa- 
chusetts Bay in new England. 

These are to certify to your excellency and honours, by us : y* pro- 
prietors, and Inhabtants of the town of Brimfield. aforesaid, concern- 
ing the Report made by our Last Committee Capt John Chandler. 
Capt. henorey Dwight. and m' Joseph Jennings, to y* Generall Court: 
held at Cambridge in September Last. 1730. — wherein they seem to 
signify, according to our. apprehension or understanding of y* same. — 
as if there had been, formerly, some agreement, or consent, of the 
town : that some of our original 120 acre Grants, of grant Land.— of 
which said grants : the conditions whereby we obtained y* same, were 
formerly, fulfilled, and Compleated according to y* actt. of y* honoura- 



APPENDIX. 275 

ble Court, and also y* act of y* Com*^ when first granted and also, our 
minister, the Reverend m' Kichard treat, with whom we Did agree : 
and also gave our Consent that he should have agrant. of 120. acres, 
of Grant Land. Equall with our own grants, for his Encouragement, 
to setle amongst us. in y* work of y* ministry, but our Last Com*^ 
have Keduced and Brought Down : his sd grant, which the town, con- 
sented, that he should have to 70 acres of grant Land, whereas there 
never wase any such thing, as any agreemet made by the town in 
those Days, nor Intended to be made : that either our minister, nor 
any of y' grantees, then present Inhabitants should be cutt. short of 
any part, of their original 120. acres, of grant Land : and that because, 
in those days, soe much was y* encouragement from y* former Com*^ 
to each Grantee, in Generall : if they Did performe.the Conditions of 
their Grants, severally within the time Limited : — and noe more could 
be expected to any one person, of grant Land : by vertue of y* act of y* 
honourable Court : — and it having been formerly agreed upon, and 
voted by y* sd town, that all our grants should be measured over a 
second time, and that because when our grants were origenally granted 
to us by the former Com*** there wase not any of all y* grants^ in sd 
town, then Laid out by an Artist : soe that verry extravagant measure 
wase made to maney : persons : but now y* most part of all y* Inhabit- 
ants have had their originall 120 acre grants measured over again, a 
second time by an Artist : according to y* former agreement of sd 
town : but there are some few persons who have Laid out Duble y* 
quantity of acres w*h was not according to y* Agreement of the town : 
neither: agreeable with y* act of y* Generall Assembly, — but we who 
have had our originall 120 acre grants measured to us a second time : 
we Did not Lay y* s** grants out with any regard nor Respect to our 
Last Com***'* Schem. in the Least, nor to any of their transactions : 
which they have Don in sd town : and that because in our humble 
opinion their transactions were, not in the least agreeable : with the 
Direction of y* honourable Court, to them, in making Brimfield a 
township, — ^which transactions Don by y* sd Com*** in sd town : proves 
to y* great Damage and Ruine of maney of y* Inhabitants, — and also : 
they seem to signify in their Report concerning some particular per- 
sons grantees, of sd town : wherein they Doe make mention of them 
by their names in sd Report and gives y* honourable Court to under- 
stand that such persons were well satisfyd and Contented with their 
settlement which th^y had made : whereas some of us, the subscribers 
hereof are some of ye verry persons, which y* sd Com*** Doth set forth 
in their Report, to be soe well satisfyd and contented, with their setle- 
ment: whereas we Doe sincerely and solemly affirm to your Excellency 



276 APPENDIX. 

and Honours^ that we Dever wase satisfyd or coDtented with anj tuch 
unequall setlement : but on the Contrary : we Did then, and havo 
always ever since manifested our great Dissatisfaction to j* sd Settle- 
ment, which setlement we had publickly Declared to y* sd town, in 
a town meeting : w^'h meetting wase warned by order of Coll. John 
Chandler, particulerly for that end, that y* said town might Know y* 
certainty of their Late Establishment, to wit. the sd town meeting 
wase held on fryday the 16th day of May, 1729, then we had y* sd 
Com**^ Schem read : and publisht to the sd town, in y* sd town meet- 
ting : but y* town never had the certainty of y* same till y* sd Day, 
and year aforesaid, farther they say in their Keport, y* Benjamin 
Cooly had a grant of 120 acres for a son, as well as for himself whereat 
theres many persons in sd town y* can safly swe&r, y^ they have 
heard of y* sd Coolly say at Divers times : y* he y* sd Coolly never 
had but 120, acres, from y* former Com*^ and we think it a very 
strange thing : y* y* Last Com*^ should take upon them to give y* sd 
Coolley and sundry other persons : 120, acres of grant Land : and also 
120 acres of Division Land : to each of such persons as they have seen 
cause : and for what reason that they have Done soe : — wee Cannot 
t«ll : nor any y* is acquainted with y* town and y* afairs thereof — and 
farther they set forth in their Report and says, that severall of whose 
sons are maried, and have Built, and setled on them, as well as their 
fathers, whereas, theris non of those mens sons maried y* ever had a 
second grant from y* former Com^ for a son. Excepting two that was 
maried lately, to witt y* one is a son of Deacon Morgans : who lives 
on his father first grant : it being a part thereof, that his father base 
given to his son, but he verry honestly tells us, that he knows renj 
well which way y* said Com^ turns it : and also several others, and 
says that he will not be found in a lie : or any way fals in that par- 
ticular thing : and says that he : and y' rest of the men — who had two 
grants, granted to them : were suspicious whether they could hold any 
but one of y* grants : of which sd grants : one of them wase : but 
an 80 acre grant from y* former Coni*^ to wit y* to grant which is 
called a second grant : for a son : and y* sd morgain tels us y* he never 
understood y* his second grant wase above 80 acres : — the other that 
is maried is a son of Nathan Collins: who Lives in his father's house: 
yet our last Com*** seems to set forth in their reportt, as if severall 
mens sons had bult houses on such gr<ants : whereas theris nothing in 
it farther : they tell of eleven persons, former grahtees: and calls them 
mostly young : and single men, whereas some of these verry men : are 
some of y* very oldest : men : y* we have in said town except two or 
three others : and yet y* sd Committee base rankd them up in the 



APPENDIX. 



277 



number of young and single men : and many other Innumerable 
wrongs : very grievous and Discouraging : to your petitioners and 
others of y* Inhabitants, whose names are not at y*^ petition, but yet 
in y* same Distressed Condition — ^under y* same Com^ these many 
years to y* great Damage and mine of many persons : grantees of sd 
town : w*h can easily be pointed out. 



Ebenezer Scot John Stebbins 

Georgs Erwin 

Nathanael Clark 

Saml King 

John Mighell 

Benjamin Warner 

John Lombard 

Samuel Shaw 

John Bullen ^ 

Mark Perry y^ 

Anthony Needham 

Seth Shaw 

Joseph Davis 

Deliverance Brooks 

Daniel Fuller 

Joseph Frost 

John Daniels on 

Joshua Shaw 

Daniel Killam 

John Charles 

Samuel Bliss 

fiOBERT MoULTON 



John Keep 

David Shaw 

James Thompson 

KoBERT Old 

and also I Eobert Old 

Do Subscribe in behalf 

of my Son Daniell Old 

Late Dec' for his grant 

John Miller 

Benjamin Mun 

David Shaw 

in behalf of M' 

Daniell henchman and 

others for Frances Baxter's 

grant late deed 

John Nilson 

Eleazer Foot 

Daniel Burt 

the Asigns of John Burtt 

Thomas Stibbns 

John Atcheson 



To His Excellency, Jonathan Belcher, Esq. Captain General & 
Gkivemor In Chief In and over his Majestie's Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, The Houourable the Council and house of Bepresenta- 
tives In Qeneral Court assembled at Boston, May 26th 1731. 

The Beplication or Answer of The Committee of Brimfield to the 
Petition of Sundry of the Inhabitants of said town thereunto sub- 
scribed 

Most Humbly sheweth, 

That However Specious the Said Petition may seem to be, Yet the 
Chreatest Part thereof, which Belates to their fulfilling the Conditions 



278 APPENDIX. 

of their Kespective Grants made them by the former Committee, 
and the Present Committee Dealing Injuriously by them is sot fact 
but groundless and an unfair Insinuation for several of them were 
never mentioned in the former Committees Book : They never made 
it appeare to Your Respondents that they Ever had any Grant from 
them & many had not fulfilled the Conditions whoe had Grants made 
them : and Some have a far larger Interest Then a Seventyeth Part 
of the town. Perticularly among The G7 lotts, that were Beturned 
to this Greate & General Court in September Last; Seven of the 
Petitioners, namely Deliverance Brooks, John Stebbins, John Charles, 
Thomas Stebbins, David Lumbard, W" Nichols Heirs & John Lum- 
bard, have a much Larger Intrest than they Could have had were the 
Seventy lotts made 120 acres each; the Establishment Therefore 
Can be no Disservice to them : their Petition therefore in That arti- 
cle must needs be Groundless & Troublesome. 

Eleazer Foott (anothec of the Petitioners) though he has less than 
any of the forenanied Persons, Yet he has a Seventy acre lott, It is 
Equal with the Minister's lott, whoe by the Peoples own agreement 
is to have & has a Seventyeth Part of the township & It is Settled at 
Seventy acres. 

Sam* Bliss, Joshua Shaw, Robert Old, George Erwin, Thomas 
Foots assignes, John Burts assigne, Samuel Allen & John Keep have 
each of them a Sixty-five acre lott: which falls short but 1-14 of 
a Seventyeth Part of the township ; as for Saml Keep (another of 
the Petitioners) your Respondents know him not but as a nonresi- 
dent, neither Know they Daniel Burt (another Petitioner but as he 
is John Burts Assigne Soe that their names are wrongfully put to the 
Petition. 

Robert Moulton (whoe came from Windham In Connecticut) & his 
Son Robert Moulton Junr have a Sixty acre lott Each; neither of 
them are in the former Committees Book [and had not the Grantees 
of the 120: acre lotts t«aken up with that quantity in full for two 
Grants each. Neither the said Robert Moulton nor Several others 
Could have been admitted] but your Respondents had a Tender Re- 
gard to all whoe had wrought on the Place, & were likely to Settle : 
and Therefore Laboured abundantly to accommodate Every one as far 
as Possible : moreover your Respondents found Said Moulton was not 
tliere at the first Establishment although he had Presumed to work 
on a Purchase not Legally made : He was not Established, untill : 
172C: and Then ^lannifested his Thankfulness for and declared his 
Satisfaction In the Grant made him, he & his Son Robert Moul- 
ton Junr (whoe is Still a Single man) have as much Land and as 



APPENDIX. 279 

Large an Intrest (besides their other Purchases') as, the Best Spring- 
field Original Proprietors of tlie Largest Denominatione have for 
themselves & Sons^ whoe had Everyone of them two Grants from the 
former Committee : why the Said Moulton should complain seems as 
odd to Your Respondents as his double or tribble Signing the Peti- 
tion. His Son in law Anthony Needham has alsoe a Sixty acre lott 
& Soe has Saml King. They have each 6-7 of a Seventyeth Part 
of the township ; They were not Reckoned more Deserving than one 
half of the Largest Denomination. 

The following nine Signers to the Petition, viz^: John Bullen, 
Daniel Graves, John Nelson, Benjamin Mun, John Mighell, John 
Danelson, Benjamin Warner, Joseph Davis & Daniel Fuller have each 
of them 5-7 Parts of the township. Considering their Circumstances 
(which in Tenderness to Some of them is not mentioned) they have 
been as honorably dealt by as any others. 

As to the other three Petitioners, viz: Thomas Green, Ebenezer 
Scott, and Mark Ferry, Your Respondents Reply. 

Said Green's Claim was a Purchase made at Second hand from 
Thomas Mirick Jun'a non Resident, who had : thirty Pound: for it. 
It was a Grant of but 80 acres of land : and as your Respondents 
Conceived, the former Committee exceded their Power in Suffering 
Non Residents to make money of Land for which they never wet 
their fingers nor ever Intended to settle, Soe had not The Poor 
Man's Circumstances which were very hard, been Compassionated he 
had been wholly Rejected and Perhaps Ruined: But a fourty acre 
lott was thought as much as could consist with Justice, he never Paid 
any taxes. Neither was taxed untill last November, and then was set 
at a Proportionable Sum for them all. 

Said Scott had alsoe a Grant of but Eighty acres of land, It was 
made on Conditions which he had not fulfilled : however having done 
something on the Place though a Nonresident he had a Thirty four 
acre lott Established on him upon Conditions which he finally ful- 
filled : and in his application to have his right Enlarged was offered 
in case he paid his Taxes forthwith (which were wanted to Pay where 
it was owing) It should be made a Fifty acre lott. But he slighted 
the offer and never Paid it. 

Said Ferry never made it appeare he had a Grant from the former 
Committee : But your Respondents finding him there Established 
him a Thirty four acre lott, he and said Scott are about half share 
men. 

With Respect to the three lotts which the Petitioners mention as 
Being Yet Ungranted, the Committee according to the Power Vested 



280 APPENDIX. 

In them made a Disposition and Grant Thereof In November last 
the : 68th lott Was Granted to Samuel Chandler (son to one of Your 
Eespondents) whoe has built thereon has a family settled land Broke 
up and a Considerable Stock there worth at Least : 120 £ : has Paid 
all the Taxes In Proportion to his lott. which is a Seventy acre lott 
The Sixty ninth lott is Granted to Seth Dwight Son of another of 
your Respondents & the Seventy eth lott to Joseph Jennings one of 
your Respondents and are Sixty acre lotts : This must needs be well 
Known to the Petitioners ; and that Before they Exhibited their Pe- 
tition : Now although It may Perhaps Seem Odd to the Petitioners 
that some of the lotts are really smaller than others, Yet Your Be- 
spondents on a review of the Whole Affair humbly apprehend they 
have acted conformable to the Intent of the Great & General Court 
in making Brimfield a Township, and have had a special Regard to 
the Original Proprietors and that those whoe have had have as much 
as they deserve, and they whoe have most very well deserve it ; There- 
fore doubt not but their Report In September last will be accepted 
with the three lotts last granted. 
And shall ever pray &c. 

JoHX Chandler 

Henrt Dwight ^ Committee. 

Joseph Jennings 

In Council June 4. 1731 Read again together with the Answers 
made thereunto and ordered that William Dudley. Jonathan Reming- 
ton and Thomas Cushing Esq", with such as shall be appointed by the 
Hon^'*' House be a committee to consider this petition as soon as may 
be and the several papers relating thereunto and report what is proper 
for this Court to do thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

J. WiLLARDy Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 5. 1731 

Read and Concured and 

Ordered that John Stoddard Esq. M' Ed- 
ward Shove. Mr Samuel Chandler Capt John Alden and Benj Lyndo 
Jun Esq be joined in the affair 

J. QUINCY 

Speaker 



■ 

APPENDIX. 281 

REPOET OF COMMITTEE. 

The Committee to whom was refered the petition of W™ Pynchon 
and others. John Stebbins and and others, together with other papers 
relating to the town of Brimfield after hearing the respective parties, 
and after full consideration of the circumstances of their affairs report 
as follows. 

That the affairs of s* place were greatly entangled. In regulating. 
Whereof the Present Committee have taken great Paines. that the 
grants might be made Conformable to the order of the Court, yet to 
avoid the great uneasiness of many of the settlers at the reducing 
their grants and some other Inconveniences that might Probably En- 
sue : We propose that the report of sd Committee be not accepted, 
and that in lieu thereof, the Several grants following of 120 acres 
each man by the former committee be not accepted, and that in lieu 
thereof the severale grants following of 120 acres each made by the for- 
mer committee and laid out to the Respective grantees be ratified and 
confirmed to them Viz ; to Nathaniel Hitchcock. Ebenezer Graves. 
David Hitchcock. Benjamin Cooley. Leonard Hoar Capt John Sher- 
man. David Morgan, and Nathan Collins and to one of the sons of 
each of them a lot of like quantity, to Deliverance Brooks. Daniel 
Hubbard. John Atchinson & one to his son ; one lot to Park Williams 
in his own rite, and another purchased by him which was originally 
granted to Robert Old. to John Stebbins. William Nelson and John 
Charles & like lots to one of each of the sons of the three last named 
Grantees, to John Lumbard David Lumbard. Samuel Hubbard. Peter 
Haynes. Joseph Haynes. Peter Montague. Henry Burt Thomas Steb- 
bins. William Nichols, Heirs. Micah Tousley. Eleazer Foot. William 
Warrinner. James Thompson Francis Baxters heirs & assigns, George 
Erwin. Joseph Frost. David Shaw. John alias Dan* Burt Joshua Shaw. 
Samuel Bliss. Thomas Foot & assigns. John Keep. Samuel Allen. 
Nathaniel Miller Ezra King Robert Old. Called Capt Ashleys lot. 
Samwel King. Anthony Needham. Robert Moulton Robert Moulton 
Jun'. John Nilson. John Danielson. John Miller. John Mighell. 
Joseph Davis Benjamin Warner. Daniel Graves. Benjamin Mun. Dan- 
iel Fuller, Nathaniel Clark, & John Bullen. there being in the whole 
Sixty nine lots of 120 acres Each ; And the Committee Do further 
report that there be allowed & Confirmed unto Samuel Munger or 
assigns, Thomas Green, Joshua Old, Ebenezer Scott, Mark Ferry, Sam- 
uel Allen Jun*", Samuel Shaw, Seth Shaw, and Daniel Killum, or 
assigns each of them a home lot of Sixty acres, in the place they have 
been laid out, and if any of the nine persons last mentioned have 

36 



282 APPENDIX. 

more land contained in tlieir Home lotts, than Sixty acres, they shall 
hold the same, but surplis to be accounted for a part of their after 
rights or division and the above named Grantees to Perform the con- 
dition of tlicir grants, to pay each his proportion of past charges, & 
shall all of them be admitted to after rights & divisions of land in 
proportion to their respective grants : and the s* Committee Do fur- 
ther further Report, that the present Committee gave to the Reverend 
M' Treat the minister of the town a lot of 120 acres, with all after 
Rites, and afterwards the inhabitants agreed with their s*^ minis- 
ter that he should have a full seventyeth part of s* township, that 
therefore the sd 120 acres be confirmed to the s* Mr Treat his heirs, 
assigns forever. Together with Buch additions thereto as to make up 
to him a full seventyeth of the whole township as aforesaid, the Com- 
mittee Do further Report, that there be confirmed unto Samuel Chan- 
dler son of John Chandler Esq whoe has Built a house in Brimfield 
and made Considerable improvement there, to Seth Dwight son of 
Henry Dwight Esq and to Joseph Jennings Esq each of them a lot of 
120 acres, each together with all after Rights and Divisions of each, 
they settling Improving & paying of Past Charges In proportion and 
these grants, to bo in full Satisfaction for the present Committees 
Paines & Care & their own propper expense in managing the affairs 
of the town ; the Committee do not observe any clause in the commis- 
sion to the Committee for Brimfield that Dos Countenance the grant- 
ing lands to any that should not settle thereon, yet they finds grants 
made to Mr William Pynchon and Obadiah Cooley without condition 
whoe Did provide Some materials for finishing the meeting house, 
and have since made some improvements thereon, are therefore of 
opinion that they have Jo^'^ntly Confirmed to them one lot of a hun- 
dred and twenty acres, with all tlie after rights and Divisions in Pro- 
portion with others by paying their Proportionable part of all past 
charges, and that there also be confirmed to the said Pynchon and 
Cooley two hundred acres of land, granted and laid out to them abso- 
lutely, in consideration, that they provided iron work for the first Saw 
mill, according to an agreement, with the Committee and settlers, they 
drawing no after Rights therefor, and whereas the first Committee 
Did grant to Cap* George Col ton and David Ingersole 120 acres in 
consideration of their providing Nailes of all sorts Sufficient for finish- 
ing the meeting house, which lots were laid out with an addition of 
about fifty acres, on which land they have Built two houses and made 
considerable improvement, that therefore the said two grants with y* 
aforesaid addition oe confirmed to them and they allowed to draw after 
rights on 120 acres onely, they paying past charges in proportion to 



APPENDIX. 283 

their lots. The committee Do further propose^ that there be con- 
lirmed to the heirs of Lieut Col. Pyochon, Cap' Thomas Coltou, Mr 
James Warriner, Mr David Morgan^ Mr Joseph Stebbins, all deceased, 
& to Mr Peletiah Glover, their Respective grants of 120 acres each 
iRrithoat any after Bights and Divisions or obligation of settlement, 
they accounting for what sums of money they have Beceived for & 
in behalf of the town of Erimfield, more particularly the nine Pound 
tliey received of Thomas Mirick Jun'. And the Committee Do fur- 
ther Report, Whereas Thomas Ingersole, had a grant made by the first 
Committee of 120 acres without being obliged to settle, and he having 
been at expence upon the Committee and otherwise, that therefor his 
8* grant of 120 acres be confirmed absolutely, he to Draw no after 
rights therefor. 

The Committee Do further offer as their opinion that one of the 
grants & surveys made to Thomas Mirick of Eighty acres be made up 
120 acres and confirmed to him s*^ Mirick in consideration of his pay- 
ing to a Sub Committee the sum of ten Pounds ten shillings for 
the Benefit of Brimfield, he to draw no after rights therefor; and 
that Thomas Mirick Jun have his grant of 120 acres confirmed 
to him without any after divisions in consideration of his having 
paid nine pound to the first Committee, and that 50 acres of land 
confirmed to the heirs of Nathaniel Sikes a part of the grant for- 
merly made to him, and if it hatth not been already laid out, it shall 
be laid out in some of the common land & they free from obligation of 
settlement, and they not Intitled to any further or after Divisions, he 
having made some pay to the first Committee ; and that there be 
allowed and Confirmed to Increase Sikes one hundred acres of land to 
be laid out in some of the Undivided lands in Brimfield, without condi- 
tion or benefit of after Rights, it being in consideration of Seven pound 
ten Shilling paid for the Benefit of Brimfield, and there be allowed & 
Confirmed unto Sam^* Keep one other of the non-resident Grantees 
120 acres of land in any of the undivided lands in Brimfield absolutely 
and without the Benefit of after Divisions, it being in Consideration 
of twelve pounds ten shillings paid for the benefit of the town of Brim- 
field, and that Tilly Mirick a non-resident grantee having Paid ten 
Pounds to the present Committee for the use of the town of Brimfield, 
have allowed to him one hundred and twenty acres, without any after 
Divisions, & without and without any condition of settlement, and 
Whereas Divers of other grants have been made by the first Commit- 
tee, some of which were absolute and others on conditions not per- 
formed, and having in no measure answered the good Design of the 
general Court, Perticularly to Mr Brewer, William Hamilton, P; 




284 ArrEXDix. 

Marshall, & Andrew, Bayley, Pelatiah Glover Jun% John Evans, & 
Ebenezcr Cooley, the Committee are of the opinion that their grants 
ho holdon for none ; and that the lands laid out to satisfie s' grants, 
respectively be declared common and unappropriated — 

And whereas there hath been Complaint made that Due Care hath 
not been used in laying out lands to satisfie the grants made, the 
Committee are humbly of opinion, that there be a more exact surveye 
of the several, and what lands shall be found over & above the several 
grants Confirmed by this Court Shall be Esteemed, as Common and 
undivided land, and subject to a Division, with other lands, and when 
all the grants Confirmed by this Court are Satisfied, and those sev- 
eral lands laid out. that then the Whole of the land Kemaining 
and belonging to the town of Brimfield Do belong to the Grantees, 
allowed to Draw after Kights and Divisions and to be alloted and 
Divided to them in proportion according to Such Grants. 

The Committee Do further Propose that the last Committee do 
make up & lave before this Court forthwith if able, or at farthest^ at 
the next Session, the account of what money, have been Keceived, 
and Paid out on Publick account, for the Use of the town of Brim- 
field, and if more has been Expended for the service of the town than 
has been Paid in or provided for, the Inhabitants Satisfie the same — 
And in Case Either of the Committees have been at more Charges or 
Expense of time than the others, they be accountable to each other, 
and Bear Proportionable part accordingly — 

And Lastly that the Inhabitants of the township of Brimfield have 
and Enjoy all the powers, Priviliges & Immunities that other towns 
in the Province Do EnJoye : and have the papers. Books & Kecords 
be Delivered up and have leave to bring in a Bill accordingly. 

All which is Humbly Submitted by 

William Dudley Jun 
In the name and by order of the Committee. 

In Council June 17'** 1731 Received & ordered that this report be 
accepted — Sent down for Concurrence 

J. WiLLARD. Secretary. 

In the House of Representatives June 18. 1731. Read. 
P. M. Read again and Concurred 

J. QuiNCY. Speaker. 

June 22. 1731 Consented to. J. Belcher 

Coppy Examined J. Willard. Secretary 



APPENDIX. 285 

An Engrossed Bill entitled an act for Erecting a New Town in the 
County of Hampshire called Brimfeild — having been read three several 
Times in the House of Representatives & in Council — pass'd to be 
£]nacted by both Houses. 

Not approved by the Governor. 

ANNO EEGNI GEORGIS SECUNDI QUINTO. 

An Act for Erecting a New Town in y* County of Hamshere 
Called — Brimfield whereas there is a Certain Tract of Land situate in 
the County of Hamshear Lying East of and adjoining to y* Town of 
Springfied 'Commonly Called Brimfield which is Competently filled 
with Inhabitants who have Settled a Learned orthodox Minister among 
them and are desierous to be made a distinct and Separate Township 
and That they may be Vested with all the powers and privileges of a 
Town : Be it therefore Enacted by his Excellency y* Governer Coun- 
cil and Representatives in General — Court assembled and by the 
authority of y" same that the Lands hearaf ter bounded & described be 
and hearby are Constituted a Seperate Township by the name of 
Brimfeild (viz) Beginning at y* South west Corner of y* Township of 
Brookfeild and from thence Extending northerly by sd Brookfeild 
Line till it meets with Chickapy River then Runing Westerly as y* 
said River Runs (and bounded thereby) to the East Bounds of Spring- 
field, Then Extending Southerly as Springfield Bounds Run to Col- 
lony or patent Line bounded partly on Springfield and partly on 
Common or Unappropriated Land and from the aforesd South West 
Corner of Brookfeild to Extend East Three miles on Brookfeild South 
Bounds and from thence to Extend South till it meets with the s*^ 
Collony or patent Line, and to bound South thereon, And that the 
Inhabitents of the Lands above discribed be and hearby are Vested 
with all y* powers priveleges and Immunities That the Inhabitents of 
any of the Towns within this Province are or ought by Law to be 
Vested with ; The said Town to be in the County of Hampshere In 
the House of Reptives, DecG. 16 : 1731. Read 17. a second Time 18. 
a Third time and Passd. to be Ingros*. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J. QUINCY Spkr. 

In Council Dec. 18 1731 : Read twice & Concur'd 

J. WILLARD 



286 APPENDIX, 

DeJItftVsi } IN COUNCIL 

An Engrossed Bill entitled an act for Erecting a new Town in y* 
County of Hampshire called Brimfield — having been read three Sev- 
eral Times in the House of Represent^** & in Councils — 

Pass'd to be Enacted by both Houses. 

No action by the Governor 

At a Great & General Court for the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay held at Boston December 1. 1731 

.In Council 

Whereas an order Passed this Court In their last Session granting 
to Several Persons Inhabitant In the Town of Brimfield viz : Nathan- 
iel Hitchcock. Ebenezer Graves. David Hitchcock. Benjamin Coolej. 
Leonard Hoar. John Sherman. David Morgan. Nathan Collins. John 
Stebbins. William Nelson and John Charles a lott apiece for them- 
selves, and one lott to one son of Each of the Said Grantees : and Its 
not Being mentioned In the Said order which son should have the Said 
lott. and it Being necessary that the Same Should be Determined 

Resolved that the Parents, viz ; the said Grantees have and hereby 
are Impowered and Authorised to Determine which of their sons shall 
hold use occupie and Enjoye the Grant made as aforesaid : and Enter 
such their Determination In the Proprietors Book : and the Clerk of 
the Proprietors is hereby Directed to Enter the same therein ; always 
Provided that the Conditions of the said grants be Every respect 
Complyed with notwithstanding such Division or Determination of 
the Parent 

In the house of Representatives Read & Concurred 

Consented to J. BELCHER. 

Examined a Copy 

J. WILLARD. Secretary, 

Recorded from a Coppy of the original March y* 23d 1732 

pr order of Court 

per JOHN SHERMAN, Clerk 

COPY OF DETERMINATION BY GRANTEE. 

To all to whom these Pressents shall come. I. Leonard Hoar of 
Brimfield in y* County of Hampshire in the Province of the Massa- 
cliusetts bay in New England husbandman Send Greeting : Whereas 
an order Passed the Great and General Court of s* Province in June, 



APPENDIX. 287 

1731 : Granting To Several Persons Inhabitants of the town of Brim- 
field (viz) Kathanicl Hitchcock. Ebenezer Graves, David Hitchcock, 
Benjamin Cooley, Leonard Hoar, John Sherman, David Morgan, Na- 
than Collins, John Stebbins, William Nelson, & John Charles, a lott 
a piece for themselves, and one lot to one Son to each of the s* Gran- 
tees ; but Its not being mentioned In the s^ order, which Son should 
have the said lott : and for Explanation whereof a Resolve Passed the 
Great & General Court of the said Province, at Boston, the first of 
December : 1731 : Resolving that the Parents (viz) the Grantees, have 
& hereby are Impowered and authorized, to determine which of their 
Sons Shall hold use occupie and EnJoje the Grant made as aforesaid, 
AS by the said order & Resolve Reference thereto being had may more 
at large appears : In Pursuance of the said Resolve I y* said Leonard 
Hoar Do hereby determine & declare that my son Joseph Hoar of s* 
Brimfield husbandman him his heirs & assignes. Shall have hold use 
occupie and Enjoye the said lott, granted to my son aforesaid, subject 
nevertheless, to the Performance of the Conditions of said Grant : In 
witness whereof I the said Leonard Hoar have hereunto set my hand 
& seal the Seventh day of april. In the 5*^ year of his Majesties 
Reigne annoque Domini : 1732 : 

Signed Sealed & Delivered In Leonard Hoar and Sealed 

Presence of: 

John Sherman : Recorded april 7*** 1732 : from y* original 

Beriah Sherman : pr John Sherman Clerk 

WABRANT FOE THE FIRST TOWN MEETING. 

By vertue of an order from the Greate & General Court of the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay In New England, &c. These are there- 
fore to Notifye & Warn the free holders & other Inhabitants of the 
town of Brimfield to Assemble & Conveene Together at the Meeting 
house In Brimfield Aforesaid, on Tuesday the Sixteenth of this In- 
stant March, at Nine of the Clock In the forenoon of s^ Day, Then & 
there to Elect & Choose such Town officers as the law Directs to 
Choose. 

Brimfield, March the 6th 1730-^1. Test : John Sherman. 

RECORD OF THE FIRST TOWN-MEETING. 

Att an annull meeting holden att the meeting hous in Brimfield, to 

Elect town officers for the town by ordor of the General Court, march 

y* 16 : 1731 

first Robert Moulton Choos moderator for the meeting and work of the 

day. 




288 APPENDIX. 

sacondly, Robert Moulton Choos Cleark for the town of Brimfield. 

thirdly voted that ther should be five select men Choos for the town 

of Brimfield. 

forthly Robert Moulton Choose to be a selectman for the town of 

Brimfield. 

fifthly John Stebbens Choose a selectman for said town of Brimfield. 

sixthly Ezra King a selectman for the said town of Brimfield. 

seventh David Morgan Choose a selectman for said town of Brimfield. 

eightly David Shaw Choose a selectman for said town of Brimfield. 

voted that John Stebbens be town trausor for said town of Brimfield. 

voted that Joseph Bloggett Joseph Hains David Hitchcok be assessors 

for the town of Brimfield. 

voted that John Charles and George Erwen be constables for said 

town. 

voted that James Tompson Joseph frost Samuel Allen and Nathan 

Colyons be surveyors for high ways for the town of Brimfield. 

voted that Ebenezer Scot Henery Burt be Thy in g men for Brimfield. 

voted that Thomas Stebbens John Nelson and John Keep be fence 

vewers for said town of Brimfield. 

voted that Samuel Bliss and Benjamin Coley be houg refes. 

Att a meeting holden for the town of Brimfield May the fourth in 
the year of our lord 1731 

Fir&t John Stebbins chosen moderator for the day. 

Secondly Voted, that three men be choose to goe to the General 
Court to manage affairs their for the town of Brimfield. 

Thirdly John Stebbins choose to goe to the Court for one of the 
men to manige the affairs. 

Forthly Robert Moulton choose for a second man to goe to the 
Court 

Fifthly David Shaw choose for a third man to goe to the Court 

Sixely A vot parsed that the Trustees give an account of the towns 
money which the said Trustees have received. 

Seventh/, voted that the selectmen of said town of Brimfield provide 
Books if need be for said towns use. 

Att a town meeting holden at Brimfield May y* 24th 1731 Robert 
Moulton choose Representative for the great and general Court to be 
held at Boston att the town hous May y* 20. 1731. 

Att a town meeting holden at the town of Brimfield September 8th 
1731. to consider of the information from the General Court : and after 
a long debat in said meeting ; it was voted that the Representative of 



APPENDIX. 289 

said town should act according to his best understanding in the great 
and waitty affare att Court with respect. In standing for our rights 
and privileges. 

Voted That Mr David Shaw have 03-08-6 for two books brought 
from Boston for the town's use a Law Book and a town book. 

Voted That the former committee for laying out high ways bring 
their accounts to the selectmen of said town of Brimfield. 

Voted That Mr. David Shaw procure order for a proprioty meet 
ing for Brimfield. 

Att a meeting held att Brimfield for said town on the furst day of 
November 1731 att the meeting house In Brimfield 
Capt John Sherman chose moderator for said meeting 

Voted That a tax be raised on the Inhabitants of said town of 
M- So- w to pay Mr Trets solory which shall be raised forthwith, 
then the meeting adjourned until Tusday next one of y* clock in the 
afternoon which is the 9*** day of November 1731 — 
Att a meeting held by adjournment for the town of Brimfield on No- 
vember the 9*** 1731 at the meeting house 

j[rti7 Yoted that consern of the nails to finish the meeting house 
which the Court ordered Capt Colton to provid according to the Court 
be left with the selectmen of Brimfield chose for the year 1731 to 
manage that affare and see that the nails are provided 

2***^ Voted That the floor of the meeting house be laid and the body 
of seats be maid and also the gice of the gallarys put in as soon as 
may be and also bords to lay on the gice be procured and also mate- 
reals sutable to make the pulpit bords and slet worke sutable for the 
same. 

3^'^ Voted that Mr John Russell. Thomas Stabbins Henery Burt 
be a committee to over see the work that it be done according to the 
vote of the town of Brimfield conserning the meeting house. 

Att a meeting of the Inhabitants of Brimfield holdon the 28*** day 
of December 1731 

!•* Voted That John Eussell be moderator for sd meeting. 

2^ Voted That y* pews be built upon the towns cost. 

3*"' Voted That ther be fifty pounds raised for the finishing the 
meeting house. 

4^ Voted Ten pounds be raised to defray town charges. 

&^ Voted That the women sit in the West End of the meeting 
house. 

6^ Voted That all the publick Rodes of said town to be 4 Rods 
wide and soe to be recorded. 

37 



290 APPENDIX. 

7'^ Voted That all y* privite Kodes in said town be allowed not 
to exceed two Eods wide Except it be at some particular bad place 
where they may happen to be a Rock or the like in the way that may 
posably stop y* passage and soe to be recorded. 

8'^ Voted That John Lumbard take care to sweep the meeting 
house and shutt the doors. 

9'^ Voteil That there be a pound built. 

10'-^ Voted That there be a sign post set up. 

11'^ Voted That be a school in town. 

12'^ Voted That there be a committee chosen to take the account 
of the. Trustees couserning the town. 

1^th\j YQiofi That there be five men choosen to take the account 
from the trustees. 

14thiy Voted That the s** committee soe chosen Bequier and Re- 
ceive y* account from y* trustees. 

1^'^^^ Voted That John Stebbins. John Mighel. John Rusel. Jo- 
seph Blodget and Anthony Keedham be a committee to Requier and 
Receive the aforesaid account from the former trustees : to witt Capt. 
John Sherman. Benjamin Cooley Daniel Hitchcock. Leonard Hoar 
and Nathan Collins. 

16'^ Voted That the aforesaid five committee men chosen be a 
com*®* to take the account of Benjamin Cooley. Daniel Hitchcock and 
Ezra King releating to thir Betrustment and Deliver the 8*^ accounts 
to the said town as soon as may be convenient 

HIGHWAYS. 

There having Been formerly sundry persons appointed by the com- 
mittee to lay out Rodes or highways in the said town of Brimfield 
where it was or might be thought needfuU or necessary for the same 
but they have been neglecttive in that affar in as much as what rodes 
they have made a pretence of laying was not don perfect neither is to 
this day soe as the s* town might have had power to forced the repair^ 
ing & mending of all such Rodes or highways in said town for Better 
accommodating of both the town and contrey : but soe it is y* said 
service still remains undone onto y* great diimage of y* town there- 
fore the whole of y* time which have been spent by all or any of y* 
persons formerly appointed by the committee to lay out Rodes or 
highways in s.iid town is Entirely lost and to noe purpose therefore it 
being soe Extraordinary ncedfull and necessary that there should be 
both publick and private rodes or highways layed out and recorded 
and they may be Kei)t in good repair both for the town and contrey. 
Therefore we the selectmen of s** town of Brimfield aforesaid for the 



APPENDIX. 291 

Better accommodating and promoting the publick good and Benifit of 
said town doe lay y* following rodes mentioned Viz that is to say : 
furst beginning att the. meeting house and y' dwelling house of John 
Post : from thence to run Esterly from the meeting house and said Posts 
house as the Bode now runs to the northeast corner corner^ Bounds of 
Henery Burts by his dwelling house, and from thence running some- 
thing southeasterly as the beton rode now Buns to the dwelling house 
of Peter Hayns from thence to John Danielsons home Lot by the East 
end of his fence, along as the Bode now goes to y* dwelling house and 
home Lot of Joseph Davis bounds and along y* the west Bounds of 
the s^ Joseph Davis home lot and from thence bearing Southerly 
along as the Bode now goes by the side of Joseph Blodgets home 
lott to the Southeast corner bounds of the same and from thence to 
the South meadow at along to the Coloney Line, the said Bode is to be 
observed hereafter by the Dementions herein Discribed and athose 
marked trees generally as the said Bode now runs with the Letter H 
thereon at Larg and the said letter H to be on that side of the trees 
next to the Bode which letter H at larg was putt on by us and the 
widness of the said Bode Layed out & allowed by us the Day and 
year above said is six Bod in width. 

BOB£BT MOULTON 

David Shaw V Selectmen 

John Stebbins 

Att an annual March Meeting held at Brimfield for said Town 
March the 27^: 1732: to Choose town officers for this year Ensuing 
&c. 

1** Deacon John Stebbins chosen moderator for said meeting — 

2'^ Capt John Sherman Chosen Town Clerk for s** town & sworne 

22^ In March the 2S^ : 1732 : then the town being met according 
to Adjournment 

25^ Voted, that the town accepts the account that the Committee 
have taken from the Trustees (viz) Cap' John Sherman. Ensign Len- 
ord Hoar. Mr David Hitchcock. Mr Benjamin Cooley & Mr Nathan 
Collins, be soe far satisfactory as that the town Do fully Acquitt and 
discharge s** Trustees from that their Betrustment. 

26^ Voted, that the Second monday In march is to be y* day 
yearly for for the annual March Meetings to Choose town officers In ; 

27'*' Notwithstanding a Vote was formerly Passed, that the roads 
should not Exceed, four Bods Wide, and finding the Inconveniency 
thereof : Voted that where the Boads was Eight Bods wide & lotts 
Butted & Bounded upon them they shall remain Eight Bods Wide. 



292 APPENDIX. 

and Where they were Six Eods Wide & the lotts Bounded thereon, 
they shall remain Six E.ods Wide, and where they were four Rods 
Wide & lotts Butted on them soe to be & Continue : Peter Hayns, 
John Danelson. David Shaw. Sam" Shaw & Seth Shaw: entered their 
Dissent against y* afores* Vote relateing to roads : 

28*^ Voted & Established to be one Bridge upon the Brook by 
Mr Treats another bridge on the Plain brook by Benjamin Cooley 
jun*" house another, bridge on Elboe Brook a little below the Sawmill, 
another Bridge on Chickuppee Brook by Robert olds house, another 
bridge on y* Brook by Henry Burts, another Bridge on the brook by 
Cooley & Scotts field on the road to Hain' hill, another Bridge be- 
tween Thompsons meadow and William Warriners meadow : another 
bridge by Sam*' Aliens : another bridge by m' Robert moultons. to be 
over where the Pond Emtyes out Northerly : another Bridge a little 
Beyond John Nelsons ; another Bridge over the Brook by Cap* John 
Shermans house all s** Bridges being in the Roads as they are laid ouc 
& now Confirmed as far as the house of Joseph Morgans : 

WARRANT FOR PROPRIETORS' MEETING. 

Hampshire ss. To Joshua Shaw one of Inhabitants and one of the 

Proprietors of Brimfield in the County of Hampshire aforesaid 

Greeting. 

In his Majesties name you are required to Notify the Proprietors 
of tlie Township of Brimfield aforesaid, that they meet and assemble 
themselves together att the Publick Meeting house in Brimfield afore- 
said on Monda}' the first day of November 1731 ; at one of the clock 
in tlie afternoon, then and there to transact the following Perticulars 

1'* To choose a Moderator to Regulate the meeting, and a Clerk to 
Enter and Record all votes & orders that shall be made by the s*^ 
Proprietors, and at any time Passed in the s* Proprietors meetings. 

2^^ To agree upon and appoint some other way and method of Call- 
ing Proprietors meetings for the future as shall be thought most sute- 
able and Convenient to the Proprietors. 

3'^" To Pass orders for the managing. Improving. Granting. Divid- 
ing ur Disposing of the Common lands lying within the s* Township 
of Brimfield aforesaid, agreeable to the laws of the Province, and to 
choose a Committee for that Purpose, and alsoe to Give them Instruc- 
tions with Respect to the method of their proceedings in that affair 

4'^' To Consult for the Better regulating of the former and latter 
Surveys which have been or shall be made, within the said township 
of Brimliehl. and to make what alterations of all or any of the surveys 



APPENDIX. 293 

within the said Township as may he thought propper or necessary and 
agreeahle to the Laws of the Province. 

5'^ To Pass order that a Surveyor may he gott Speedily to Surveye 
the lands in said Township, and any Surveys which have heen or shall 
be made by any other Surveyor, that the said town shall Improve & 
allow of. the Survey may not Stand, but shall be wholly and Intirely 
to no Purpose : and alsoe to Choose Chainmen. 

6'^ To take under Consideration the Demands of Messurs Robert 
Moulton David Shaw & John Stebbins who were Impowered and have 
transacted as agents for the Proprietors of said town and to raise 
money or order them payment for their service and expences in the 
affairs of the Proprietors, and to Satisfye David Shaw for his cost in 
procuring a book for Records for the s** Proprietors, and to Raise what 
other moneys may be thought necessary for the service of the s** Pro- 
prietors, hereof fail not. Dated at Springfield the fourteenth of Oc- 
tober. In the fifth year of his Majesties Reigne Annquee Domini 1731. 

William Pynchon. Just. Peace, 

Ss Brimfield : According to the Directions of the within warrant I 
have notifyed the Proprietors of Brimfield by setting up a notification 
on the 15^ Day of October last : 1731 : on the meeting house of Brim- 
field and on the town house of Springfield. 

Joshua Shaw. 

Recorded from the original warrant January the 28*** 173 1-2. 

Test. John Sherman. Clerk. 

PROPRIETORS MEETINGS. 

Att a Proprietors Meeting of the Town of Brimfield & non residents 
of said Town. Regularly Warned according as the law directs, 

1*^ Being Assembled together on Monday the first Day of Novem- 
ber 1731. according to the warrant and notification therein mentioned 
then the Proprietors Proceeded by votes for the Choice of a moderator 
for 8** meeting, then by b^ votes Robert Moulton Sen*" was chosen 
Moderator for s** meeting & then after some debate the moderator 
adjourned said meeting to Tuesday being the Second Day of this In- 
stant November at ten of the Clock In the forenoon of said Day 

2*^ Then on s** Second Day the Proprietors being Mett again ac- 
cording to adjournment they proceeded to the Choice of a Clerk for s** 
Propriety and after a long debate John Sherman was chosen Clerk of 
said Proprietors to record the Grants of their lands artd Such Votes & 
orders as said Proprietors shall order In their proprietors meeting as 



294 APPENDIX. 

to their lands and other ways : and sworn thereto as the law Directs 
by Capt AV^illiam Pynehon Esq 

3'^ Then the Proprietors Proceeded by a vote to Choose three men 
of the Proprietors to Model and Draw up a method how to call Pro- 
prietors meetings for the future, being an article In the warrant for 
said meeting, and Capt William Pynehon Esq. Mr Bobert Moulton 
& Capt John Sherman were Chosen for that purpose by said Propri- 
etors. 

4'^ Voted by s** Proprietors to pay Mr David Shaw the sum of two 
Pounds thirteen shillings in currant money or Publick bills of credit 
of the Province of the Massachusetts bay for his buying a record book 
for the Proprietors to Enter their Grants of land in, s* Book being 
delivered to the Clerk of s* Propriety — 

5'^ Voted that the third article in the warrant for the Proprietors 
Meeting be defered to a further consideration, and then after some 
Considerable Debate the Moderator adjourned s** Proprietor meeting 
to Monday the Eighth day of this Instant to one of the clock in the 
afternoon of said Day. 

6'^ Att a meeting of the Proprietors, by adjournment : Being ac- 
cordingly mett on said Eighth day of November, and then proceeded 
and put to vote, whether Deliverance Brooks shall have liberty to let 
fall some part of his Grant laid out by Mr Porter. Surveyor and take 
it up by and in the Grate Swamp, and it passed in y* negative. 

7'^ Voted that all the former Surveys made by Mr Experience Por- 
ter Surveyer in the township of Brimfield shall stand good soe far as 
they are agreeable to the General Courts last act or resolve relating 
to Brimfield : and s'* Portor to finish the Surveys y* are not as yet 
Surveyed to fill up their grants no one man that is a Grantee by the 
last resolve of the General Court to have more than 120 acres surve^'ed 
to him. 

8'^ Voted that Eight men that are proprietors of the Common & 
Undivided lands in the Township of Brimfield & residents in 8*town. 
Desiring a Proprietors meeting, may for the future make application 
to the Clerk of s** Proprietors and s* Clerk is hereby ImiK)wered to set 
up a Notification for a meeting as the law directs, & that to be suffi- 
cient to call Proprietors meetings for the future. 

9'^ looted that no lands or Grants of lands in the Township of Brim- 
field shall be surveyed by any other Surveyer than the Proprietors by 
a vote allow and ai)prove of. Voted alsoe that all the Chainmen that 
curry the Chain with Mr Porter or any other Surveyor allowed of, in 
laying lands in Brimfield be under oath for said service. 

10'^ Voted that those that Employe Mr Porter to fill up their grants 



APPENDIX. 295 

• 

residents and nonresidents shall pay said Porter for the same them 
selves, & the charge of chainmen : alsoe voted that Robert Moulton 
Jun shall goe as soon as may be & inform Mr Experience Porter that 
the Proprietors of Brimfield desire he would come and finish the sur- 
reys in Brimfield as soon as may be. 

11^ Voted that no land in Brimfield, but what is laid out by Mr 
Porter Surveyor, of the first grant land shall be recorded by the Clerk 
of 8* Proprietors : or by any other surveyor than what the y* said Pro- 
prietors allow of : also Voted that the past charges be levyed & brought 
in to the Proprietors at the next meeting of said proprietors. 

Then the Proprietors Meeting adjourned by the Moderator untill the 

the last Tuesday in January next at ten of the clock in the forenoon 

of said day. 

Test John Sherman, Clerk. 

Att a Meeting of the Proprietors of Brimfield January the 25"* 
173 1-2 by adjournment then being assembled on said day Proceeded 

1"* Voted to choose a Committee of three men to notify all the 
Grantees of Brimfield to finish laying out their lands according to the 
Courts Resolve, and to notify the nonresidents *yaw grantees and have 
Grants, to lay out their grants according to the resolve of the Court 
act speedily or by the last day of March next, and if they neglect lay- 
ing out their original grants s^ committee to lay them out for them 
upon their charge, and Robert Moulton. Sen : John Russell and John 
Sherman are the committee chosen by vote to notify the Grantees as 
above and to finish their grants in laying them out. 

The meeting of the Proprietors adjourned by the Moderator to 
Wednesday the 26*** day of this Instant January to ten of the clock in 
the forenoon of said day. 

Att a meeting of the Proprietors of Brimfield by adjournment to 
the 26'** day of said January, and being mett according to said adjourn- 
ment then proceeded. 

1* Voted that the Surveys of the first Grants allowed by the Court 
act of 120 acres sun'eyed by Mr Experience Porter be allowed and 
confirmed — and be put upon record except Samuel Shaw Seth Shaw. 
Daniel Graves. Nathaniel Clark, whose first grants were exchanged 
by y* second committee and theire to stand good provided they relin- 
quish their right to their former survey made by the first Committee, 
and also Excepting the mill lands granted to Peter Haynes. Joseph 
Haynes and John Mighell that not allowed of by the Proprietors as 
yet. and Ezra Kings Mill Grant and any others y* may be found y* 



296 APPENDIX. 

• 

doth not belong to the Grant made by General Courts last act. and also 
Excepting John Millers original Grant through his desire. 

John Danielson entered his dissent against the above vote. 

2^^ Voted tliat John Sherman and David Shaw chosen to take an 
account of the Past Charges and to bring it in unto the Proprietors 
each mans proportion at the next Proprietors Meeting. 

The Proprietors Meeting adjourned by the Moderator until the second 
Tuesday of April next at ten of the clock in the forenoon of said day. 

Brimfield April IV^ 1732. Then the Proprietors Being mett ac- 
cording to adjournment : and then proceeded 1"* Whereas there was 
a time Set by a vote that y* Grants made by the General Courts last 
act Residents & Nonresidents should be filled up by laying them out 
& the time is lapsed & gone ; Therefore, voted, to give them a further 
time, until the first day of May next, and no longer; Voted that the 
former committee Viz ; Robert Moulton. John Sherman & John Kus- 
sell continued a Committee still to see the grants aforesaid filled up : 

Voted, That if Mr Experience Porter Surveyor, should fail of com- 
ing & Surveying in Brimfield, to fill up the grants of the Residents & 
Nonresidents, by the first da^"^ of May next, that then the Committee 
chosen to see the grant satisfied, to get another Surveyor speedily to 
finish laying out the grants as aforesaid. 

Voted That the petition of Jabez Warren be granted. Provided he 
lay his land between the hills where he now dwells In a square form 
good & bad together, which land is given him by Perticular Proprie- 
tors out of their first Division land : which said proprietors are to re- 
linquish, soe much out of their first division land as they have given 
him : and that the Selectmen may see that it is laid in a Suteable 
form : Provided the Proprietors that have given it him Consent that 
it shall be out of their first Division. 

Then the meeting of the Proprietors adjourned to the fourth Tues- 
day of May next, at ten of the clock in the forenoon of said day 

Att a meeting of the Proprietors on the fourth tuesday of May ac- 
cording to adjournment, and being mett on said day. being the twenty 
third dav of said month : then Proceeded 

1** Voted : that any Proprietor have liberty to send for Mr Porter 
to finish laying out their first grant from the Court to each Grantee, 
at any time within a fortnight from this day: Provided those that 
Imporve him do Pay him for his coming & service for them : and 
any Grantee that dont see cause to Improve Mr Porter may apply 
themselves to the committee chosen to see their grants filled up. 



APPENDIX. 



297 



2*^ Voted at this Present meeting of the Proprietors of said town of 
Brimfield to lay out to each grantee (made by the General Court of 
this Province In 1731 Impowered to draw after divisions) two lots 
each In like quantity with their grants from the Court and to do it In 
order as follows : first cast lotts for choice for the first division lotts 
& soe draw in order from the first to the last and then return back 
for y* second Division lotts beginning with him which drew the last 
lott of the first division and soe in order back from the last to the 
first. 

3*^ Voted that Each Proprietor or Grantee shall not exeed 160 rod 
In length to their 120 acres, and soe in proportion to their grants and 
likewise obliging Each grantee their single draught In one piece In- 
tire. granting free liberty of choice In any of the common land in said 
Brimfield. 

4^ Voted that if one grantee has Purchast of another grantee that 
the Purchaser may have the liberty to lay his Purchest with his own 
Propper Division and y* seller have his division soe much the less : 
Provided the whole be laid In a square form with the rest. 

5*' Voted that in Drawing lotts that Ezra King. Draw for them y* 
are no there to draw & y* refuse to draw. 

An account of the Draughts of the first & second Division in Brim- 
field as they were drawn for. by the grantees & the names of Each 
grantee as the lotts came forth. 



LOTT 

Viz : John Lumbard 1*' 

George Erwin 2* 

Benjamin Cooley 3** 

John Charles 4 

Lieut Nath" Hitchcock 6 

Joseph Hoar 6 

John Keep 7 

William Nichols, heirs 8 

Eleazer Foott 9 

David Lumbard 10 

Robert Moulton Jun' 11 

Samuel Bliss 12 

Samuel Hubbard 13 

Ebenezer Graves 14 

Thomas Green 15 

Samuel King 16 

88 



LOTT 

17 
18 



Marke Ferry 

Park Williams 

Robert Old called 

Captain Ashley lot 

Daniel Killum or Assignees 20 



\ 



19 



Thomas Stcbbins 
David Shaw 
Daniel Burt 
Johsua Shaw 
Joseph Morgan 
Benjamin Mun 
Capt W" Pynchon & 
Obadiah Cooley 
John Bullen 
Benjamin Warner 
John Mighill 



} 



21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 

27 

28 
29 
30 



98 


APPENDIX. 






LOTT 




LOTT 


John Miller 


31 


Nathaniel Clark 


67 


Doliveriince Brooks 


32 


Samuel Allen 


58 


Micali Tousley 


33 


Joseph Davis 


59 


Joseph Jennings Sen*" 


34 


John Charles Jun' 


60 


John Atcheson Jun*" 


35 


Samuel Shaw 


61 


Henrv Burt 


3G 


Ebenezer Scott 


62 


Seth Dwight 


37 


Capt John Sherman 


63 


Capt George Colton & ) 


38 


John Stebbins Jun' 


64 


David Ingoroole i 


Ezra King alias Rice 


65 


John Danelson 


39 


Paul Plitchcock 


66 


Samuel Allen Jun*" 


40 


Joseph Blodgett 


67 


Daniel Fuller 


41 


Daniel Graves 


68 


Peter Montague 


42 


Anthony Needham 


69 


Peter Haynes 


43 


John Nelson 


70 


Deac" John Stebbins 


44 


Thomas Scott & assigns 


71 


David Hitchcock 


45 


William Nelson 


72 


Deac** David Morgan 


40 


Benjamin Cooly Jun' 


73 


Francis Baxters heirs ) 


47 


James Thompson 


74 


and Assignees ) 


Nathaniel Miller 


75 


Robert Moulton 


48 


Bezaleel Sherman 


76 


Samuel Chandler 


49 


Moses Nelson 


77 


Mr Richard Treat 


50 


Ebenezer Graves Jun' 


78 


Joseph Frost 


51 


John Atchesons heirs 


79 


Seth Shaw 


52 


Leonard Hoar 


80 


John Russell 


53 


William Warriner 


81 


Sam" Munger or assignees 


54 

1 


Joseph Haynes 


82 


Joshua Old 


55 1 


!Moses Hitchcock 


83 


Nathan Collins 


56 1 


Nathaniel Collins 


84 



6'^ Voted, that the Cedar Swamp in Brimiield shall be divided, a 
lott to each Proprietor that draws by the Courts act. and John Keep. 
Thomas King and Benjamin Mun appointed to take care that the lotts 
are laid out In said Swamp. 

7*** Voted that Samuel Shaws Seth Shaws. Daniel Graves and Na- 
thaniel Clark surveys of their grants be recorded: 

Then the Proprietors Meeting adjourned by the Moderator by a 
vote of the Proprietors to Tuesday the G*^ day of June next to twelve 
o clock of said day. 

June the G^** 1732 — Then the Proprietors being met according to 
adjournment. Procee<led 

1'* That whereas Paul Hitchcock wants a few rods to satisfye his 



APPENDIX. 299 

grant from the Court 1st — ^Voted that s* Paul Hitchcock have liberty 
to lay 8** few rods y* is wanting in his grant land with his draught 
when his turn comes to lay oat his draught lands 

2'^ Voted that all the Charges Expended by both parties of the Pro- 
prietors in going to the general Court in regard to the settlement of 
Brimfield be Paid by the Propriety Equally according to their Interest. 
Provided their demands be reasonable. 

3^^ Voted, that there be a committee chosen of three men to Procure 
a Surveyor & Chainmen to lay out the two Draughts of Division land 
to each Grantee. Samuel Shaw and Deliverance Brooks entered their 
Dissent against y* above votes. 

4*^ Voted, That Capt John Sherman. Mr Robert Moulton & Mr 
John Russell be a Committee to Procure a Surveyor & Chainmen to 
laye out the Draughts of Division land as in the aforesaid vote to each 
Grantee. 

5'^ Voted; that when the Surveyor has laid out the first for the 
first Grantee; he to do it as soon as y* Surveyor comes to him: then 
he shall repair to the second In order, to lay out his. and if. the sec- 
ond refuse, then to the third & if he refuse, then along successively : 
Each grantee paying y* Surveyor & Chain man for their service : 
and then to Return back again according to the Vote Passed In lay- 
ing out both Draughts of Division land, soe that Each grantee have 
his two Draughts. No grantee to have above two days to lay out his 
Draught in : Except sickness or something Extraordinary. 

6'^ Voted : that whereas some of the Inhabitants of Brimfield did 
formerly by a vote give to Ezra King 20 acres of land for Incourage- 
ment of Building a grist mill on Elboe Brook & he s^ King having 
built there & laid out his substance there do give him s^ 20 acres & 
stream as Mr Porter. Surveyor has laid it out to him. 

7*** Voted ; that the lotts in the Great Cedar Swamp In Brimfield 
be laid out Equally Each lott alike to each Proprietor y* draws by the 
Court act. 

8*^ The Proprietors meeting from the first Warrant wholly dissolved 
by a Vote of the Propriety. 

Recorded June 25*** 1732 from the original votes and orders 

per John Sherman. Clerk 

WARRANT FOR PROPRIETORS MEETING. 

These are to Notify & Warn the Proprietors of the township of 
Brimfield that they meet & assemble themselves together at the Pub- 
lick meeting house In Brimfield aforesaid on Tuesday the fourth day 



300 APPENDIX. 

of July next at nine of the Clock in the forenoon of s* day then and 
there to transact the following Perticulars &c 

!•' To choose a moderator to liegulate said meeting. 

2** To agree uj^on & appoint a way to gather the Past Charges & 
distribute & Pay them when they are due. 

3'^ To choose a Committee to levye the Past Charges & a Collector 
or Collectors to gather the same and pay it where ordered. 

4*' To make some alterations or addition to the Vote concerning the 
two draughts of division land already concluded on to be laid out. 

5^^ To raise what money the Proprietors may see cause for their 
use. 

6'^ To know the Bounds of the farmes lying within the township 
of Brim field. 

7'^ Any Person or Persons that has anything due from the propri- 
ety to bring in their bills for the same : and to pass order for satis- 
faction ; and to pass order for satisfaction of John Lumbard & Henry 
Burt for the Burying placx* that is in their land. 

8^^ To dispose of land to finish the meeting house : and to appoint 

some person to demand & Receive the nine Pounds from the heirs of 

the first committee for Brimfield and what may be due upon any of 
the Bonds. 

9^^ Each Proprietor to draw his lott In the Great Cedar Swamp : 
and to appoint & laye out what highways may be thought needfull for 
the Propriety 

Brimfield June the 19''' 1732. John Sherman 

Proprietors Clerk 

Att a Proprietors Meeting held at Brimfield on Tuesday the fourth 
day of July : according to warrant and then Proceeded (1) John Russell 
chosen moderator by a vote. 

1 Voted, to choose three men as a committee to levye the past 
charges 

2* Voted, that Capt John Sherman. M' Robert Moulton. & Joseph 
Blodgett be a commmitte to levye the l^ast Charges, alsoe chosen to 
make a demand of y* past charges from each proprietor, y* owes when 
the}' are levyed & if they receive it. to Pay the same w^hen ordered by 
the Propriety : and if they y* owe refuse to pay. to make return to the 
Propriety of their Proceedings therein 

3**^ Voted to ad two more to the above s** committee : Ebenezer 
Graves. Nathaniel Hitchcock. Leonard Hoar. Samuel Allen, Henry 
Burt, William Nelson & David Morgan. Entered their dissentes the 
afores* votes. 



APPENDIX. 301 

4^^ Thomas Stebbins chosen 4*^ Committee man to ad to y* above"* 
committee Joshua Shaw chosen the 5^ Committee man for the above 
affairs. Then the Proprietors meeting adjourned by a vote of the 
propriety to y* first Tuesday of September next to ten of the clock in 
y* forenoon of s** day. 

Att a meeting of the Proprietors by adjournment on the 5*^ of Sep- 
tember 1732 

5'^ Voted, that y* article in the warrant relating to make some 
alterations or additions to the two draughts of the first division be 
void and of none effect & is wholly dropt & voted out. 

6^^ The 5'** article in the warrant about Eaising money for the Pro- 
prietors use voted out 

7^ Voted out the Sixth article in the warrant relating to Know 
the bounds of farms in Brimfield 

8^' Voted, to pay Mr Robert Moulton 20' In Province bills for 
20* Paid the Secretary Willard for Ingrossing two Bills In order to 
make Brimficld a town. 

8*^ Voted, to pay- Robert Moulton jun*" five shillings for going for- 
merly by order of the propriety to fetch Mr Porter to Surveye o* 
grants in Brimfield 

10'^ Voted, that the Committee chosen to fill up the grants, are 
Impowered to fill up Thomas Stebbins grant, upon his s* Stebbins 
charge : and he s* Stebbins not to Infringe upon any Perticular Pro- 
prietors lands that are laid out. nor lay it any where to spoile a pitch 
of any of the draughts of the proprietors that are to lay out. 

11*' The Proprietors adjourned by a vote of the Proprietors to 
Thursday the 14*^ day of this Instant September, to two of the clock 
in the afternoon of said day. 

Att a meeting of the Proprietors by adjournment on the 14"* day of 
September &c 

l'^ Voted out the 8* article in the warrant of selling land for fin- 
ishing the Meeting house to be void 

2*' Voted, that Capt John Sherman be Impowered to demand & 
receive the nine Pounds from the heirs of the first Committee for 
Brimfield & from any due upon the bonds 

3^ Voted that John Lumbard & Henry Burt have the land laid 
out to them formerly by Mr Experience Porter. Surveyer in lieu of 
the Burying Place which is in their land & be recorded to them, and 
the Burying Place being laid out formerly by s** Porter be recorded 
for y* towns use 

4'^ Voted 1 acre & -J of land for a Burying Place at the South- 
easterly part of y* South pond where Robert Moulton. sen' dwells. 



302 APPENDIX. 

KEPORT OF EXPENSES AT GENERAL COURT. 

Brimfield August 1729. Then chosen by a number of the Proprie- 
tors of the town of Brimfield Robert Moulton & David Shaw to goe 
to the General Court & Elsewhere to manage in Behalf of s* town, in 
all Respects, with respect to the great Difficulties y' s* town was then 
laboring under &c. Therefore we the s^ Robert Moulton & David Shaw 
and alsoe John Stebbins whoo was added afterward by vote of the 
Proprietors to assist In the said service. Therefore Wee the s* Robert 
Moulton. David Shaw & John Stebbins do humbly Request the Pro- 
prietors of the s** town of Brimfield to allow grant & order that all 
the money that has Ben Expended by us in the Publick Service & 
conserns of the Proprietors of the s** town of Brimfield from time to 
time, according as is hereafter discribed y' the same may be repaid to 
each and every of us severally according to our disbursements by the 
s** proprietors of Brimfield aforesaid and alsoe that the s* Proprietors 
may pay to Each of us severally four shillings for each day man & 
horse which time has been expended by us In the Publick Service of 
8* town from time to time as is hereafter described which is the rea- 
sonable demand of vour humble servants 

Robert Moulton 

David Shaw 
John Stebbins 

Wee Robert Moulton. & David Shaw went down two Journeys to 
the General Court. In July & In August 1730 : Then held at Salim 
& at Cambridge, the money which w^as then Expended for Entering a 
petition was twenty shillings, and other necessary charges which we 
Expended at the same time was Six pounds. 18 shillings and Eight 
pence, besides 26 days Each of man & horse Expended in b^ 2 Jour- 
neys, which charge is 4" for eacli day man & horse besides y* aforesaid 
money Expended at the same time 

Robert Moulton 
David Shaw 

And alsoe at the General Court held at Cambridge in September 
1730 the money which was then expended by us In s* Journey was 4* 
7^. Besides 8 days time each of man & horse at the same time which 
is 4^ more per day for each man & horse Expended per 

Robert Moulton 
& David Shaw 

And at the General Court held at Boston In January 1730-31. then 
Deacon John Stebbins was added, the money Expended then was 



APPENDIX. 803 

17^-12^-9^ besides ten days of each of roan and horse at the same time 

in s* Journey which is 4* for each^day for man and horse Expended in 

said service at the same time 

per RbBEBT Moulton 

John Stebbins 

David Shaw 

At the General Court held at Boston In February 1730-31 the 

money which we Expended then was 13*-13*-06* besides 17 days of 

each of us of man and horse y' demands for each day of each man and 

horse is 4' to each Expended per 

Robert Moulton 

John Stebbins 

Davip Shaw 

& att the General Court held at Boston In June 1731. The money 
Expended then by us John Stebbins & David Shaw was 14*-13*-5* 
Besides 25 days time of Each of us man and horse which is 4'- per day 
for Each man & horse expended In sd Journey per 

John Stebbins 
David Shaw 

Att a meeting of the Proprietors of Brimfield Sept the 14"* 1732 
then the aforegoing articles voted & allowed. Excepting Eleaven days 
to each man being Sabbath days to be taken out. not allowed for being 
Sabbath days. 

Then Ebenezer Graves, Nathaniel Hitchcock, Leonard Hoar, Ben- 
jamin Cooley. David Hitchcock. William Warriner Deacon David 
Morgan Nathan Collins. Peter Haynes. Joseph Hoar, Marke Ferry & 
Benjamin Cooley Jun' entered their dissents against the vote of the 
aforegoing account 

An account of the Charges Expended In time & Money at the Gen- 
eral Court In y* year 1729 & in June 1731. In order to the settle- 
ment of Brimfield by us subscribers 
To Leonard Hoar 16 days to Salim & Cambridge 4* per 

pay for his time & horse 03-04-00 

To money Paid & Expense at Salim & Cambridge & other 

ways on s* road 5-07-09 

To Leonard Hoar 13 days to Boston at 4" per day for time 

& horse 2-12-00 

To Capt John Sherman 13 days to Boston 4" per day for 

his time & horse 2-12-00 



304 APPENDIX. 

To David Hitchcock 10 days to Boston 4* per day for his 

time & horse 2-00-00 

To all three of o* expenses of money paid 8— 14r-04 

£24-10-01 
John Sherman 

Leonard Hoar 

David Hitchcock 

September the 14**^ 1732. Then the aforegoing account accepted & 
allowed by a vote of the Proprietors 

September 14'** 1732. Then voted by the proprietors at said meet- 
ing to pay to Mr Robert Moulton & Capt .lohn Sherman 9* apiece for 
a Journey of them to Woodstock to Coll Chandler being 00*-18*-0** 

All the aforegoing voted 

Test- John Sherman. Clerk 

The Proprietors meeting wholly dissolved 

SEATING THE MEETING-HOUSE. 

Sept 12, 1757. 
5'^ Voted to seat s* meeting house again by nine seators, and to 
divide them into three parts, that is three seators together : and soe 
to do the seating seperately : and each three to bring their seating 
seperately to the town at a meeting for that purpose for the towns 
acceptance. 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. 

We, the subscribers, being Chosen a Committee to Seat the 
Meeting house, have according to the best of our judgment & Cuning 
Done the same as followoth, &c. 

First ; In the Pew next the Pulpit on the East Side thereof we 
seated John Sherman, E8q^ Capt. Leonard Hoar, Mr. Nathan Collins, 
and their wives ; and Lieut. Nath'l Hitchcock and Deacon Morgan's 
wife. 

2dly : In the Pew next the Pulpit on the West Side thereof we 
Seated Capt. David Hitchcock, Benjaraiji Cooley, Peter Haynes, Capt. 
James Mirick, and their wives. 

3dly : In the fore seat below, Deliverance Brooks, Eb'r Scot, 
George Erwin, John Nilson, John Charles, John Stebins, John 
Webber, Lev't Joseph Hayne, Humphry Gardner, Joshua Shaw, 
John Mighell, Nath'l Clark, and Joseph Frost. 



APPENDIX. 305 

4thly: In the Pew on the East side the fore door, James 
Tompson, William Warriner, Lev't Thomas Stehins, Benjamin Mun^ 
Sam'l King, Dan'l Graves, and their wives. 

5thly : In the pew on the west side the fore door, Cap't Dan'l 
Burt, Ens'n Joseph Davis, Joseph Blodget, Jonathan Burk, Nicholas 
Groves, and their wives. 

6thly : In the pew in the Noreast Corner of the meeting house, 
Thomas Ellenwood, Lev't Bezaleel Sherman, Ichahod Bliss, Liev^t 
Benjamin Mirick, Francis Sikes, & Timothy Colton, and their wives. 

7thly : In the pew in the Norwest Corner of s'd house, Joseph 
Morgan, Joseph Hoar, Capt. Trustman Davis, Noah Hitchcock, John 
Charles Junr, Mr. Moses Lyon, and their wives. 

8thly : In the Middle Pew in the East Side of Sd House, Abraham 
Charles, Adonijah Kussell, Charles Hoar, Doctor James Lawrence, 
and their wives, and Eb'r Graves. 

9thly: In the Middle Pew in the West end of sd house Robeit 
Duncklee, Jonathan Brown, Sam'l Nichols, Joseph Colton, and their 
wives. 

lOthly : In the Second Seat Below, Eleazur Foot, Josiah Smith, 
John Bishop, Trenance Webber, Moses Young, Benjamin Warner, 
Jonas Mace, Dan'l Wood, Sam'l Shaw, David Wallis, Sam'l Kilburn, 
Nath'l Mun, Eben'r Bishop, Deac'n Humphrey Cram, Ebr Mirick, 
Eb'r Frost, W'm Nilson. 

llthly : In the pew at the right hand the East door, Moses Hitch- 
cock, Wm Nilson Jr, Jonathan Charles, Nathaniel Collins, and their 
wives. 

12thly: In the pew on the left hand the West door, Edward 
Bond, John Nilson, Jun'r, Jonathan Janes, Beriah Sherman, and 
their wives. 

13thly: In the foreseat in the front gallery, James Sherman, 
Isaac Morgan, Mr. Timothy Danelson, Benj'n Colton, Aaron Charles, 
Moses Brooks, James Shaw, Nathan Hoar, James Marcy. 

14thly : In the pew on the left hand the East door, Eb'r Miller, 
John Stebbins Junr, Jonathan Morgan, Joseph Lumbard, and wives. 

15thly : In the pew on the right hand the west door, Edmond Hoar, 
Phineas Sherman, Henry Burt, Jr, Joseph Hitchcock and their 
wives. 

16thly : In the third Seat in the Bodye, Nath'l Mighell, Josiah 
Keep, John Wood, Nath'l Fuller, Bobert Brown, James Frizil, Josiah 
Holbrook, John Holbrook, Ben Trask, Silas Smith, John Shearer, 
Nathan Abbot 

17thly : In the pew under the Staires, in the East end, Beuben 

39 



306 APPENDIX. 

Tousley, Joseph Blogget Jr, Edward Webber, Joshua Shaw Jr, 
Thomas Sherman, and their wives. 

ISthly ; In the pew under the Staires in the West End the meet- 
ing house, Stephen Morgan, Nathan Collins, Jr, John Hitchcogk, 
James Tompson Jr, Dan'l Morgan, and their wives. 

19thly : In the fourth seat in the Bodye below, Mark Ferry, George 
Bates, Jabez Parker, James Kosebrook, Thomas Lnmbard, Sam'l 
Allen, Humphrey Gardner Jr, Jabez Nichols, Wm Eenton, Eben'r 
Bliss, Fineas Durgee, William Walbridge, James Blogget, John 
Blash field, Timothy Janes, Jacob Kibbee, Deliverance Carpenter, 
William Webber, Nath'l Mun, Jr, and DanU Thompson. 

20thly : In the fore seat in the side gallery, Thomas King, Jabez 
Keep, Ben Mun Jr, Jonathan Wallis, John Danelson Jr, Phineas 
Mirick, John Mighel Jr, Daniel Burt Jr, Thomas Ellinwood Jr, 
John Morgan, John Wilson 3d, Abner Stebbins, Joseph Craft, Nich- 
olas Groves Jr, Phineas Haynes, George Denison, Dan'l Graves Jr, 
Jonathan Tompson, Charles Gardner. 

21stly : In the fifth seat in the bodye below, James Rice, Asa 
Merit, Robert Jenings, Nehemiah Mays, Joseph Bacon, John 
Shields, Stephen Lumbard, Elisha Prat, Henry Webber, Wm Gonld, 
Smith Ainswortlu 

22dly : In the Second Seat in the front gallery, George Shaw, 
Jonathan Hubburd, Ben Burt, James Mirick Jr, Aaron Graves, Abner 
Blogget, Benjamin Stebins, Thomas Walton, Jr, Sam'l Kilborn Jr, 
Jonas Haynes, and Reuben Morgan. 

23dly : In the second seat in the side gallery, Jonathan Nutting, 
Joseph Groves, Charles Colton, Jonathan Burk, Noah Morgan, 
Thomas Blogget, John Gould, Jonathan Kilborn, John Gardner, 
Israel Janes, John Mighell 3d, Jonathan Babcock, Ephraim A ins- 
worth Simeon Hubbard, Wm Miller, Saml King Jr, Danl MofPet, 
Timothy Walker, John Anderson, John Gardner, John Scot, Reuben 
Lylly. 

24thly : In the third seat in the front gallery, John Davis, Simeon 
Burk, Isiah Mun, Stephen Clark, Isaac Scot, Asa Holbrook, Simeon 
Keep, Benj. Hatch. 

We do propose that every man^s wife (excepting those that are 
seated in pews) shall sit in the seats opposite against their husbands. 

In the pew next the pulpit on the West Side thereof, we seated the 
Widow Rebecah Russell. In the foreseat below, on the womens side 
8* meeting house, we seated Widow Mary Lumbard, Widow Mary 
Morgan, Widow Hanah Hubburd, and Deacon Henry Burt's. In the 
corner pew in the woomen's side, we seated Deacon Blashfield's wife. 



APPENDIX. 307 

In the pew on the left hand the fore door we seated the widow Abigail 
Keep. In the second seat below the Widow Isabel Nutting, Widow 
Mary Burt, Widow Sarah Holbrook. In the third seat below, 
Widow Mary Dufiham. In the fourth seat below the Widow Beleris 
Nilson, the Widow Kuth Scot. In the fore seat in the front gallery 
the Widow Silence Russell, In the fore seat in the side gallery, the 
Widow Mary Hitchcock, Widow Hanah Miller, and Widow Mary 
Haynes. In the pew at the right hand the West Door, the Widow 
Elizabeth Mirick. 

March 13*** 1758 then the aforgoing Joseph Bloogett ") 

Seating the Meeting was read Daniel Burt ^Com*^ 

& voted JosephDayis ) 

PETITION FOB PRIVILEGE TO ERECT A PEW. 

Brimfield March 12* 1759 

We the Petitioners Do Send Greeting &c to the Honourable town for 
Several Beasons, Do humbly Beg leave of your honours that you would 
give us the Place over y* woemens Stairs to build a pew upon our own 
Cost, one reason we give is that we are soe Crouded at Sundry times 
that we cant hardly get a seat to sit in, & the other Beasons is, that 
whereas there is a pew on the other Side, we Beasonably think that 
it will beau ti fie the house, and in granting our Bequest you will 
oblige your humble Petitioners 

BUTH BUSSELL BOSE BlASHFIELD 

Easter Hoar Sarah Mighell 
Voted March the 12*^ 1759 Margaret Bliss Elisabeth Sherman 

BEVOLUTIONABY WAB. 

At a meeting of the town of Brimfield, January 14, 1773. To act 
on the following, viz. : 

''To see if the Town will take into consideration the matter of 
Grievance that are supposed to be brought upon by certain acts of 
Parliment, and if they think proper to choose a committee or com- 
mittees to confer with other Towns on Matters of Grievance, and in 
every respect to act upon it as they may think proper." 

" Voted, to choose 5 men a committee of Grievance to correspond 
with the committees of the same denomination through out the prov- 
ince and to report to the town from time to time any Grievance they 
may discover by their correspondance. Mr Timothy Danielson, Mr 
Bezaleel Sherman. Mr Jonathan Brown. Mr Thomas Ellingwood, and 
Mr Joseph Hoar were accordingly chosen — " 



308 APPENDIX. 

At an adjourned meeting held January 21, 1773, the town adopted 
the following Resolutions : 

Eesolved, " 1. That the town of Brimfield have the right, as often 
as they think proper, to assemble themselves together, and consult on 
their rights and liberties, and point out the violations of them; and 
confer with any, or all the towns within the Province on matters be- 
longing to their common safety. 

'* 2. That we esteem it a very great grievance that there should be 
a revenue raised in this Province by which our property is taken from 
us, without our consent, or that of our representative ; and that our 
moneys thus taken from us are appropriated to acts tending to the 
subversion of that constitution we have an indefeasible right to be 
governed by, till we are pleased to consent to another. 

** 3. That we hold it as a great grievance growing out of the above, 
as its natural offspring and in its own similitude, that the Governor 
of this Province, whom we desire to honor as the Representative of 
the greatest Potentate on earth, should be paid out of a revenue un- 
constitutionally raised, contrary to known, stated, and approved man- 
ner in this Province, and in a way so apparently tending to alienate 
his affections from his people, and clearly tending to destroy their 
mutual confidence, upon which the well-being of a Province so much 
depends : and what more against clear limitations of the Charter of 
This Province. 

" 4. That we are much alarmed by the report, which we fear is too 
well grounded, that the Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature 
have their salaries appointed out of the aforesaid revenue, by which 
they are made entirely dependent on the Crown. Should it ever hap- 
pen that the aforesaid Judges should be more careful to enrich them- 
selves than to do justice, how are our lives and properties exposed ? 
They ought either to be independent of King and people, or equally 
dependent on them both. The latter has ever been the case, which 
tended to keep a balance of affection in them to the Prince and his 
subjects. 

" 5. That we account the late act of Parliament entitled *An Act 
for the better serving His Majesty's Dock Yards, Magazines, &c.,' to 
be a great grievance, as we are thereby deprived of that which is most 
dear to us. On our suspected guilt, we must be hurried across the 
Atlantic, for trial, where we must be deprived of a trial by jury from 
the vicinity, in a moment exposed to the loss of our whole estate, if 
not the loss of life. 

" 6. That we are and ever have been ready to risque our lives, and 
spend our fortunes, in the defense of his Majesty, King George the 
III., his Crown and Dignity ; and that we will endeavor to lead quiet 
and peaceable lives ; but, at the same time firmly and resolutely en- 
deavor, by every just and constitutional way, to maintain our rights 
and liberties yet continued, that were purchased for us by the blood 
of our ancestors, and to recover those which have been cruelly, not to 
say unrighteously, taken from us." 

" Order** That the Town Clerk make out and authenticate from 



APPENDIX. 309 

Brimfield Becords. a copy of the transactions of this meeting, and 
hand the same to our committee for grievance to be transmitted to the 
committee for grievance in Boston." 

TOWN MEETING JULY 1, 1774 

2 " To see whether the town will vote to draw out of the Town 
Treas'y the sum of one pound fourteen shillings and seven pence the 
Towns proportion of £500, the House of Kepresentatives asked to be 
assessed on the Towns with this Province to be paid to the Hon**** 
Thomas Gushing Esq — to defray the expense of a committee of Con- 
gress " 

3, "To see what the Town will do in respect to a covenant to be 
laid before said Town by the committee of correspondence and to 
give the Inhabitants opportunity to sign the same and act thereon as 
they may think proper, and hear any letters from the committee of 
correspondence — and report thereon ; " 

5 " To choose a committee to offer the said covenant to every per- 
son in town that is arived to the age of 21 years, and make report to 
the committee of correspondence of the names of such persons as will 
not sign said covenant 

ACTION OF THE TOWN. 

"Voted, to take out of the Town Treasury the sum for the Com'ittee 
of Congress the sum of 1 — 14 — 7 *' 

Voted. That the town of Brimfield will sign the covenant now of- 
fered by the committee of Correspondence with the reservations pro- 
posed " 

" Voted to choose a committee to offer said covenant to the people 
Mr Joseph Moffat, Mr Aaron Mighell. Mr Nathan Hoar were accord- 
ingly chosen for the purpose '* 

COVBNANT. 

" We, the subscribers, inhabitants of the town of Brimfield, having 
taken into our serious consideration the precarious state of the liber- 
ties of North America, and more especially the present distressed con- 
dition of this insulted Province, embarrassed as it is by several acts of 
the British Parliament, tending to the entire subversion of our nat- 
ural and charter rights, among which is the act for blocking up the 
Harbor of Boston, and being fully sensible of our indispensable duty 
to lay hold of every means in our power to preserve and recover the 
much injured constitution of our country, and conscious, at the same 
time, of no alternative between the horrors of slavery, or the car- 
nage and desolation of a civil war, but a suspension of all commercial 



310 APPENDIX. 

intercourse with the island of Great Britain, do, in the presence of 
God, solemnly and in good faith, covenant and engage with each 
other, tliat, from henceforth, we will suspend all commercial inter- 
course witli tlie said island of Great Britain, until the said act for 
hlocking up the said Ilarhor he repealed and a full restoration of our 
charter lights be obtained. 

"And 2d. That there may be the less temptation to others to con- 
tinue in the now dangerous commerce, we do in like manner solemnly 
covenant we will not buy, purchase or consume, or 'suffer any person, 
by, for, or under us to purchase or consume, in any manner whatever, 
any goods, wares or merchandise, which may arrive in America from 
Great Britain aforesaid from and after the last day of August next 
ensuing ; and inasmuch as in us lies, to prevent our being interrupted 
and defeated in this our only peaceable measure, entered into for the 
recovery and preservation of our rights, we agree to break off all 
trade, commerce and dealing whatever with all persons who, prefer- 
ring their own private interest to the salvation of their now perishing 
country, shall still continu^to import goods from Great Britain, or 
shall purchase from them wno do import. 

" 3. That such persons may not have it in their power to impose 
upon us by any pretence whatever, we further agree to purchase no 
article of merchandise from them, or any of them, who shall not have 
signed this, or a similar covenant, or will not produce an oath certified 
by a magistrate, to be by them taken to the following purpose, viz: 'I 

of in th(j county of , do solemnly swear that the goods 

I have on hand and purpose for sale, have not, to the best of my 
knowledge, been imported from Great Britain into any port of Amer- 
ica, since the last day of August, 1774, and that I will not contrary to 
the spirit of an agreement, entered into through this Province, im- 
port, or purchase of any person, so importing any goods as aforesaid, 
until the port, or harbor of Boston shall be opened, and we are fully 
restored to the free use of our constitutional and charter rights.' 

"And, lastly, we agree that after this, or a similar covenant, has been 
offered to any person and they refuse to sign it, or produce the oath 
above said, we will consider them as contumacious importers, and 
withdraw all commercial connections with them, so far as not to pur- 
chase of them any article whatever, and publish their names to the 
world.'' 

Witness our hands July 1, 1774 

Nathan Hoar Zerah Stebbins Eb : Miller 

Nathaniel Danielson El iph ale t Janes Beriah Sherman Jr 

Jon* Brown Elijah Janes Jon* Morgan Jr 

Thomas Bliss Jon* Hubbard Reuben Tousley 

Daniel Moffatt Ben Haj-nes Dan* Kussell 

Joseph Brook James Bacon Henry Abbot 

Tim® Danielson Moses Brook Thom : Lumbard 

Bezaleel Sherman Stephen Lumbard Dan' Livermore 

Joseph Hoar Sam' Nichols Jr Tim* Danielson 2* 



APPKNDIZ. 



311 



Adon : Russell 
Jon* Janes 
Will Janes 
Simeon Hubbard 
John Stebbins 
Stephen Collins 
James Thompson 
John Newell 
Jon' Brown Jr 
Josiah Tucker 
John Bliss 
Solomon Charles 
Jabez NickoU Jr 
Joseph Hitchcock Jr 
John Draper 
Henry Burt Jr 
Nathan Hitchcock 
Luke Blashfield 
Judah Stebbins 
Elijah Lumbard 
John Anderson 
John Stebbins Jr 
Elisha Fay 
Jn® Danielson Jr 
James Sherman 
Lemuel Bates 
Ephraim Bond 
Abner Tousley 
Lemuel Sherman 
James Nelson 
Josiah Thompson 
Joseph Davis 
W°* Warriner 
Jon* Charles 
Azariah Cooley 
Ben Trask 
Thom Donham 
Jon* Morgan 
Jeremie Sherman 
Nat" Clark 
Daniel Clark 
Ben Crouch 



Archel: Brown 
Joseph Lumbard 
Jacob Ay nes worth 
Aaron Lumbard 
Thom' M'^Cluer 
Isarel Janes 
Asa Bates 
George Shaw 
Jn** Carpenter 
Ben Miller 
Joseph Hoar Jr 
Ben Burt 
Abner Stebbins 
Tho Stebbins 
San" Nickoll 
Adon : Kussell Jr 
Jesse Beament 
George Denison 
Jn" Danielson 
Sam^ Bates 
Daniel Janes 
Oliver Mason 
Theo : Bliss 
Alfred Lyon 
Sam* Shaw 2* 
Levi Stebbins 
Joshua Shaw 
Joseph Morgan Jr 
Jn° Sherman 
James Sherman Jr 
Henry Burt 
Zeb Abbot 
Daniel Haynes 
Samuel Hunter 
Phineas Sherman 
Jonas Haynes 
Fred Danielson 
Daniel Burt 
X Moses Young's Mark 
Lemuel Smith 
Jesse Myers 
Ebenezer Frost Jr 



W" Blashfield 
Daniel Morgan 
Thom Sherman 2* 
Jn" Thomson 
Noah Hitchcock Jr 
Jn* Fay 
Edward Bond 
Beriah Sherman 
David Donham 
Ben Nelso 
Israel Trask 
Aaron Morgan 
Aaron Mighell 
Isaac Scott ^' 
Mark Bond 
Sam* Bond 
John Bond 
Jn® Bond Jr 
Thomas Sherman 
Abrahm Khodes 
Dan* Ellingwood 
Ben: Town 
Jacob Hitchcock 
Nathan Abbot 
Elijah Hitchcock 
Thom Lumbard Jr 
Levi Sherman 
Moses Barnes 
Joshua Witham 
Charles Hoar 
Jon* Nutting 
Adam Tously 
Tim'* Wood 
Hez: HUl 
W" Davis 
Keuben Lylly Jr 
Jn* Ferry 
Jon* Ferry 2* 
Noah Frost 
Lieut Ben Mirick 
Jn« Harris 
Luke Hitchcock 



312 



APPENDIX. 



Jon' Thompson 
Joseph Browning 
Nicholas Groves 
Aaron diaries 
John Morgan Jr 
Abraham Charles 
Jn*» Scott 
Phineas Haynes 
Peter Alexander 
Joseph Hitchcock 
X Luke Phinney's Mark 
Joseph Morgan 



Joseph Moffatt 
Jerem : Howard 
Nath' Miller 
David Janes 
Peter Groves 
James Nutting 
Will Webber 
Sam' Lewis 
Josiah Hill 
X Isaac Davis. Mark 
Abner Mighell 
189 names 



Elijah Dun ton 
Sam* Shaw 
David Morgan 
James Bridgham Jr 
Thomas Ellinwood 
Nath» Collins Jr 
Nicholas Holbrook 
Keuben Tousley 
W» Ward 
Ben } Newell 
Jabez Nicholl 
James Thompson Jr 
Joseph Groves 

" Reservations agreed upon by the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Brimfield, before the signing the preceding covenant : 

'^ That if the Towns in general in this and the neighbouring 
Colonies on this Continent sign the covenant or agreement above 
referred to, or one that in general is similar to this signed by us then 
we agree firmly to be holden thereby. But unless the measure is in 
general come into our laying ourselves under such obligations cannot 
benefit the cause we mean to serve. That if the several committees 
that are appointed or may be appointed by the several Houses of 
Assembly or otherwise when in Convention at Philadelphia or any 
other place they may appoint shall in Convention as aforesaid 
disapprove of this covenant subscribed to by us or any Part thereof, 
and shall recommend to the people a different covenant^ in the opinion 
of the Congress better calculated to serve the interest of this extended 
Continent, and unite people we the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Brimfield that have sign* the Covenant afores** Dated Brimfield July 
1, 1774 reserve to ourselves Liberty of complying with what the Con- 
gress afores* may recommend as Best for the whole, and Liberty of 
discharging ourselves from from the af ores'* Covenant so far as it may 
be contrary to the report of the Committees in Congress afores* and 
that we will not for any other Purpose whatever free ourselves from 
the obligations of the said Covenant or any part thereof, but that the 
said covenant shall be solemnly binding upon us the subscribers 
thereto according to the true intention thereof excepting the above 
written reservations. 

July 1, 1774 

Voted. That the Covenant laid before the town and refered to in 
the above is signed by the Inhabitants of Brimfield under the above 
reservations. 



APPENDIX. 313 

Sept 13. 1774 

" Voted To raise the sum of eight pounds to add to the Town Stock 
(Amunition) and that said sum be immediately paid by the Town 
Treasurer out of any town money in his hands to Mr Tim® Danielson. 
immedially to procure said Stock." 

Towne Meeting Oct 6. 1774 

2 '^ To see if the town will choose one or more persons as delegates 
to attend the Congress at Concord the eleventh day of Oct next.'' 

S^ <^ To see if the town does approve of the Resolves of the late 
Congress convened at Northampton within and for the County of 
Hampshire," 

4 ^' To see whether the Town will vote to pay the gentlemen that 
Capt Thompson has enlisted if they should be called to action, and 
how many men should go if there should be a call to turn out in 
Defence of the Province, or whether the town will come into any 
other method than what is already come into to regulate the Militia 
in said town and act thereon as they may think proper when met." 

2 " Voteli That Mr Timothy Danielson should attend the Provincial 
Congress, at Concord the eleventh day of Oct current." 

3 ^^ Voted. That the town approve of the Kesolves of the Congress 
at Northampton." 

4 "Voted to Divide the Town of Brimfield into two parts and 
companies according to the Division of Town for assessments by the 
valuation for the year 1774." 

5 " Voted to Choose a Committee to report to the town at some 
future Date to which time this meeting shall be adjourned of such 
gentlemen as may suit Both Companies as Militia Officers." 

6 "Voted, That the Selectmen should be the committee afore- 
said." 

7 " Voted That every man in town of Twenty one years of age 
should vote in the choice of Officers." 

Adjourned Town meeting October 7. 1774 

" Then the Selectmen of said town reported that Mr James Sher- 
man should be Capt of the East Company in town, Mr Jonathan 
Charles first Lieut of said Company, Mr Phineas Sherman 2^ Lieut 
in said Company and Mr Daniel Burt En ; of said Company. Mr 
Samuel Nichols Capt of the West Company in said Town Mr Jonathan 
Brown first Lieut in said Company Mr Nathan Hoar 2^ Lieut in said 
Company and Mr Abner Stebbins En : for said Company, said report 
l>eing Bed and considered Voted that said Report be accepted, and 
that the several gentlemen mentioned in said Report are made the 

40 



314 APPENDIX. 

Officers of the East and West Companies in the said Town of 
Brimfiold/' 

'•Voted. That a Kumher of Good Effective Men as many as are 
disposed thereto, should enlist themselves into a body or company for 
the service of their Country, and equip themselves with every thing 
necessary for the defence of their Country, and as soon as a number 
have embodied themselves as aforesaid, they shall choose themselves 
Officers to govern them, such as shall be agreeable, and shall be at a 
minutes warning and when they are required to go out of the Town 
of Brimficld in Defense of the Provence, the Selectmen of the said 
Town for the time being shall determine what number out of the 
aforesaid Body shall march and the officers appointed as aforesaid 
shall draft said number out of the aforesaid Body, such men as said 
Officers may judge best furnished and able to endure the said service 
and every soldier thus drafted out, and that goes on the said service 
shall Receive the sum 3£ 10 | if they bilit themselves, and the sum 
of 40 I if they are bilited by the Provence pr month during the time 
they are necessarily continued in said service, and the Capt the sum 
of six pounds pr month if he bilits himself and the sum of four 
pounds if l^ilited by the Provence, each Lieut the sum of five pounds 
if Bilited by themselves and three pounds ten shillings if Bilited by 
the Provence, and the Ensign the sum of 4£ 10 | if Bilited by 
himself and three pounds if Bilited by the Provence, and none shall 
enlist or be rec** in to said Body or Company but such as shall 
endeavor to acquaint themselves with the Art Military and at least 
Muster one Day in a week for that purpose, also that the said Capt 
shall receive his orders from the Selectmen of said Town from time to 
time, furthermore the Inlistments of said Company shall be in the 
words following Viz " 

** I the subscriber do enlist myself a volunteer to serve my Country 
in a Military Capacity, and faithfully promise and bind myself to be 
under the command of such officers as shall be chosen by the Major 
Vote of the Body or Company now enlisting, and upon honour engage 
to behave myself as an obedient faithful soldier in the Body or Com- 
pany with whom I now sign my name ; unless by the Major Vote of 
said Company I shall be promoted to office in the said Company; and 
I hereby Pawn my Honour that I will not make any Dissensions. 
Jarrings or Quarelling on account of the choice of said Officers in 
said Company, and that I will not stir up Mutany nor will I depart 
from said Company on any occation whatever ; and that I will 
endeavour to Learn the Art Military and faithfully attend all 



APPENDIX. 315 

Musters appointed by the commanding Officer of the said Company 
for that purpose as witness my hand." 

Voted. To co-operate with the Joint Committee of Boston and the 
Neighboring Town, not to supply the [Kings] Troops with Joists &c 
materials to fortify with 

Town Meeting Dec 23. 1774 

3 *' Voted. To choose a Committee of Inspection as Kecommended 
by the provincial and Continental Congresses for the purposes men- 
tioned in the 10"* & 11*** articles of the Continental Association and 
by a Hesolve of the provincial Congress, passed in Congress Decem- 
ber 6, 1774/' 

4 "Voted. That the Committee aforesaid consist of 5 gentlemen 
Viz, Capt James Sherman. Lieut Jonathan Brown Mr Joseph Hitch- 
cock Jr Mr Jabez Nichols, Mr Simeon Hubbard." 

5 "Voted to reconsider the Vote passed in a former meeting to pay 
the Province Tax into the Town Treasuary of Brimfield, and voted 
that the several Constables iii said Town should pay the province 
monies that are or may be in their hands to collect to Henry 
Gardner Esq of Stow, and the Constables to collect said monies as 
soon as possible and pay the same to the said Henry Gardner Esq 
and take his receipt therefor as reccommended by the provisional 
Congress." 

8 Voted to choose a committee to inspect Tea Drinkers and if they 
shall know or find out any Person who shall still continue to use, sell 
or consume in their families any East India Tea to post up their 
names in some public place that they may be known and dispised " — 

9 "Voted. That Lieut Jonathan Brown. Mr Ebenezer Miller, Mr 
Judah Stebbins, Mr Samuel Bates and Mr Joseph Browning be a 
committee for that purpose." 

10 " Voted. That the several committees of the Town be enjoined to 
see that the Inhabitants comply with the Continental Association and 
observe it inviolate and that they be united in the Resolves of the 
provisional and Continental Congresses." 

Town Meeting Jany 18. 1775, 

PETITION OF TIMOTHY DANIELSON. 

" To the Inhabitants of the Town of BHmfield in the Cotmty of 
Hampshire Gentlemen — The petition of Timothy Danielson humbly 
shows that the Provisional in their last Session at Cambridge reccom- 
mended that the minute men be provided with Cartridge Boxes. 
Knapsacks. Thirty rounds of Cartridges and Ball and Bayaonets, and 



316 APPENDIX. 

it appears unreasonable that they should be at the cost of them to de- 
fend their Country, 

Therefore your petitioner prays that the said articles may be fur- 
nished to fifty privates in the Town of Brimfield as a minute company 
out of the Treasury of the Town of Brimfield and as bound in duty 
shall ever pray Timothy DAKiBLSOir 

The above petition being read and Debated upon, Voted that the 
prayer of the petition be so far granted that the Town of Brimfield 
provide for 50 Minute men a Cartridge Box, Knapsack and Thirty 
rounds of Cartridge and Ball a sett for each private in said Company to 
be provided immediately and the charge thereof to be paid out of the 
Town Treasury of said Brimfield. and that a suitable person or persons 
be appointed to procure said articles forthwith; and when the said 
Minute Men have finished their service the above said Articles shall be 
returned into the Town Stores of Brimfield for the use of said Town ; 
and when said articles are delivered out, each man shall give his re- 
ceipt for them by which he shall be holden to account for the same." 

^' Voted. That Mr Tim® Danielson do provide the above said articles 
for 50 Minute men." 

Town Meeting March 6, 1775 

'' 5, To see if the Town will take any measures for Raising a Com- 
pany of Minute Men agreeable to the Beccommendation of the Pro- 
vincial Congress, and to make such provision for paying the minute 
men as may be thought proper." 

" Voted. That Capt Thompson's Company shall continue a Com- 
pany Independant of the other Militia Companys in the Town, as 
long as the Militia continues under the present Establishment, pro- 
vided they furnish 50 men for Minute men agreeable to the reccom- 
mendation of Congress " 

At an Adjourned Meeting March 13. 1775 

"Voted. To pay a Minute Company consisting of 50 men, one Shil- 
ling a man for every half day they shall Train, to Train one half day 
in a week during the Town's pleasure." 

" Voted. That Capt Joseph Thompson be desired to Baise a Minute 
Company." 

Town Meeting May 25, 1775 

'* To see if the town will take any order respecting the Town Stock 
that has been delivered to any of the Inhabitants other than the 
Minute men." 



APPENDIX. 317 

^' Voted. That such Inhabitants of the Town as hare any of the 
Town Stock of Powder. Lead or Flints, in their hands, be directed to 
retnm the same into the Town Store immediately.^' 

'* On a motion Voted. That the Committee of the Town be en- 
joined strictly to observe the direction of the Congress with respect to 
any person who may be charged with being inimical to the Country, 
and that the town will discountenance and endeavour to prevent all dis- 
orderly meetings." 

Town Meeting March 11, 1776 

8 " Voted. To choose a committee of Correspondence. Inspection & 
Safety" Messrs Joseph Browning. Aaron Mighell. Joseph Hoar Jr 
Thomas Ellinwood. Thomas Lumbard. were choosen as said committee 

Town Meeting May 24, 1776 

" Voted Unanimously. That if the Hon Congress should for the 
safety of the said Colonies declare them independant of the Kingdom of 
Great Britain, we the said Innabitants will solemnly engage with our 
Lives and Fortunes to support them in the Measure." 

Town Meeting Brimfield Oct 14, 1776 

'^ Voted. That the said Inhabitants Consent that the present House 
of Representatives of this State of Massachusetts Bay together with 
the Council should if they think proper, consult & agree on such a 
Constitution and Form of Government for this State as they shall 
judge will most conduce to the Safety, Peace and Happiness of the 
State, and make the same publick for the Consideration and Approbar 
tion of the Inhabitants of the State before the Enacting & B^tifying 
thereof by the Assembly." 

"Ordered that the Town Clerk transmit a Copy of this Vote to the 
Secretary of this State." 

Town Meeting March 17, 1777 

" 9 To see if the town will come into any method further to En- 
courage the Enlistment of our Quota of the Continental Army, and 
pass such Votes thereon as may be necessary, to appoint committees 
to Assess money on said Town in such manner and Proportion as the 
Town may think proper, and to do everything Necessary to Accom- 
plish said purpose, and the Town will give their attendance by said 
time proposed as this article may be the first acted upon." 

"Voted. That the Town will make an Addition to the Bounty 
Voted by the Congress and by the State for Soldiers Enlisting into 
the Continental Service." 



318 APPENDIX. 

" Voted that the sum of Twenty pounds be added to the bounty 
Given by the Congress &c to such men as shall Enlist into the service 
for three years or During the war." 

"Voted. That Six IIundre<l Pounds be raised for the purpose above 
mentioned 

Voted. To chouse a Committee to proportion the Money on the In- 
habitants of the Town as they think propper according to their 
Estates making allowance for what i»erticular persons have already 
Done in the course of the war." 

" Voted. That Capt Jose[)h Browning. Aaron Mighell. Daniel Burt. 
Dr Joseph Moffatt. Capt Samuel Nichols. & Lieut Jonathan Brown 
be the committee to proportion the above said sum of Six Hundred 
pounds on the Inhabitants of the Town." 

March 18, 1777 

" Voted. That the Assessment of the said Six Hundred pounds be 
Laid before the Town for their Consideration. 

Voted. That the assessment made by the above said Committee be 
accepted." 

At the same meeting the Town adopted the following Resolves : 

" Whereas the Town of Brimfield at their Annual Meeting in March 
1777 Have Voted to Raise the Sum of Six Hundred pounds Lawful 
money to encourage the Enlisting their Quota of the Continental 
Army, and at the same meeting chose a committee to proportion said 
sum on such of the inhabitants of said town as they should think 
proper all former services being considered, and likewise two Collec- 
tors to collect the same, Therefore Resolved that said Collectors 
Proceed immediately to Collecting said sum according to the assess- 
ment Given them by said Committee and Apply as soon as may be to 
Each person boarn on said Lists for their Repective proportion con- 
tained on said Lists and if any Person upon whom Money is assessed 
for the purpose aforesaid shall Neglect or refuse to pay his proportion 
set in said List or Lists to the Collector or Collectors as aforesaid, the 
said Collector or Collectors shall forthwith Apply to the Selectmen 
and Committee of Correspondance &c of said Town who are hereby 
impowered to order the immediate Collection from any person so re- 
fusing in such manner as they may think proper, and such person 
shall be considered as having incured the highest Displeasure of said 
Town 

And it is further Resolved that Maj Nathaniel Danielson be a 
Treasurer into whose hand the Collectors shall Pay said JSGOO. taking 
a receipt for the same, and that the said Treasurer shall be a Muster 



APPENDIX. 319 

master to Muster the Soldiers Enlisted in the said Town and being 
properly Certified of any Person an inhabitant of Brimfield having 
Enlisted into the Continental Army for three years or During the 
war the said Treasurer is hereby Directed to pay to Each able Bodied 
Affective man who shall so Enlist under any Recruiting officer the 
sum of Twenty punds taking the Receipt of the said soldier for the 
same and said Treasurer is hereby coutioned to be carefull not to pay 
said Twenty pounds to any but Able Bodied men such as shall pass 
the County Mustermaster, and that will be Considered as Answering a 
man for the said town of Brimfield in said Army, and the said Treas- 
urer is hearby made Accountable to said Town for the money he shall 
receive of the said Collectors " 

The above Resolves was voted in Town Meeting March 18, 1777 " 

Town Meeting May 19 1777. 

"Voted to raise the sum of one hundred pounds to Compleat the 
pay to Each Soldier enlisted into the Continental army for the Town 
of Brimfield for three years or during the war who passes muster with 
the Continental mustermaster, the sum of twenty pounds with the in- 
terest for the same to Each of them to the time the principal is paid " 

Town Meeting March 9. 1778 

" On the petition of Jo' Groves voted — give him Capt Thomas 
Theodore Bliss* rates for the year 1775 he being a Prisoner of War. 
said Rates being £1-5-8." 

Town Meeting May 13, 17, 1778 

" Voted upon a Petition of Capt Jo* Browning to raise the sum of 
£210 for such persons, as appear to Join the Continental Army." 

Town Meeting Jany 14. 1779 

" Voted to Repay the Selectmen their money they Pay** out for the 
Releaf of the Soldiers wives & families." 

Town Meeting March 8. 1779 

"Voted that the Selectmen be a Committee to take care of the 
Soldiers wives and families the Present year." 

"Voted to raise the sum of £200 Pound to supply the Town with a 
stock of Ammunition." 

" Voted that the Collectors off an Assessment to Pay off the 
Continental Soldiers their Bounty to Proceed and collect same forth- 
with." 



320 



APPENDIX. 



Town Meeting June 28, 1779 

" Voted to Eaise Eighteen hundred pound for to hire six men to 
Join the Continental Army." 

" Voted to choose the following persons to be a committee to con- 
sider all past services Viz Capt Joseph Browning Capt Aaron Charles 
Lieut Aaron Mighell Lieut Jonathan Thompson Lieut Joseph Hoar & 
Lieut Jonathan Brown Jr 

Art 5th, Meeting Aug 16, 1779, To see if the Town will accept of 
the report of the committee appointed to make an estimation of the 
past services done in the Continental army, and act thereon as the 
Town shall think proper 

Voted. To accept of the report of a committee appointed to make an 
average of the services done in the army Viz to 



6UKS DUB FOR SEBYIOE 



Sums dub 



Nathan Abbott 
Zebediah Abbott 
John Anderson 
Daniel Burt 
Joseph Browning 
Samuel Bates 
Moses Brooks 
Caleb Bascum 
John Blodget 
David Blodget 
Abraham Charles 
Jonathan Charles 
Aaron Charles Jun 
Solomon Charles 
Jonathan Charles Jun 
Amos Carpenter 
Stodard Cady 
John Danielson Jr 
Luther Danielson 
Reubin Earl 
Eleazer Fairbanks 
Jonathan Fay 
Phinehas Haynes 
Daniel Haynes 
Jonas Haynes 
Benjamin Haynes 
Noah Hitchcock 
Elijah Hitchcock 
Charles Hoar 
Nicliolas Holbrook 
Eldad Hitchcock 
Eljah Janes 



2 

8 
1 



£ 8 

2 

1 16 

4 14 

86 16 

17 09 

10 15 

7 8 
20 

2 

6 
85 
40 

11 11 
20 

7 
4 
6 
6 
9 15 

8 19 

18 18 
6 10 

15 12 
20 

19 10 
14 

20 

12 18 
18 18 

16 
10 
9 



William Janes 
Israel Janes 
David Janes 
Daniel Jaues 
Solomon Janes 
John Draper 
Jonathan Janes Jr 
Joseph Lombard 
Stephen Lombard 
Joseph Lombard Jr 
William Blashfield 
John Bliss 
Ebenezer Bugbee 
Jonathan Brown 
Jonathan Brown Jr 
Lemuel Bates 
Aaron Charles 
Nathan CoIIings 
Nathaniel CoUings 
Stephen CoUings 
John Carpenter 
Benjamin Crouch 
Timothy Danielson Esq 
Nathaniel Danielson 
Calvin Danielson 
Thomas Dunham 
Joseph Dunham 
David Dunham 
Thomas Ellingwood 
Jonathan Ferry 
John Earl 
Josiah Ferrel 



FOB Sbrticb 

£ s 
14 12 

6 17 
6 

29 

9 

5 12 
20 

7 4 
6 

9 

11 16 
10 

9 

21 10 
9 

12 11 
17 

8 
20 

8 

9 

9 

9 
28 

8 
10 
10 
10 

9 

7 

20 
10 





APPEKDIX. 


821 




£ 8 




£ 


Ebenezer Frost 


5 


Asa Bates 


8 8 


Uriah Fay 


9 


Jedediah Moffutt 


8 


Peter OroTes 


20 


Epheraim Bond 


20 


Joseph Groves 


10 


Josiah Hill 


10 


Samuel Grier 


10 


Noah Hitchcock Jr 


20 


])ea Joseph Hoar 


4 10 


Benjamin Mirick 


20 


Joseph Hoar Jr 


27 10 


Ebenezer Miller 


10 


Dea Joseph Hitchcock 


7 


Joseph Morgan Jr 


18 


Joseph Hitchcock Jr 


16 


Samuel Nichols Jr 


20 


Obed Hitchcock 


10 


Zadock Nichols 


4 


Nathaniel Hitchcock 


10 


Jonathan Nutting 


20 


Nathan Hoar 


18 


James Nutting 


10 12 


Jonathan Hubbard 


9 


Samuel Nichols 


20 


Wid^ Eunice Lambard 


10 


Jabez Nichols 


21 6 


Aaron Lombard 


8 


William Nichols 


5 


Daniel Livermore 


9 


A slier Nichols 


5 


Aaron Mighell 


18 8 


James Nelson 


9 


Abner Mighell 


9 11 


Isaac Powers 


20 


Tomas McClure 


9 


Solomon Russell 


20 


Oliver Mason 


10 


Samuel Shaw 


20 


Joseph Morgnn 


7 


Abner Stebbins 


9 


Aaron Morgan 


15 


Zerah Stebbins 


8 


Daniel Morgan 


. 12 14 


Wido"^ Jerusha Stebbins 


28 


Jonathan Morgan Jr . 


8 18 


Judah Stebbins 


20 


David Morgan 


10 


Simeon Hubbard 


20 


Dr Joseph Moffat 


6 


John Harris 


9 


John Morgan 


20 


Henry Hooker 


5 


John Scott 


6 


Lemuel Smith 


7 


James Sherman 


18 1 


Thomas Stone 


5 


Phioehas Sherman 


6 


William Spring 


6 


Lemuel Sherman 


9 


Joseph Tucker 


5 


Thomas Sherman 


11 2 


Reubin Towslej 


5 


John Sherman 


6 15 


Ebenezer Wood 


6 


James Sherman Jr 


5 16 


Moses Young 


10 


Levi Sherman 


2 11 


John Stebbins 


17 


Jeremiah Sherman 


10 Thomas Lombard 


18 12 


Samuel Sherman 


2 5 


Thomas Lombard Jr 


6 


George Shaw 


16 14 


Samuel Lewis 


9 


Alexander Sessions Jr 


9 11 


Benjimin Nelson 


9 


Rowland Powell 


6 

4 A 4 f* 


John Blashfleld Jr 


1 16 


James Thompson 
Jonathan Thompson 


18 15 
21 11 


Sum Total 


1768 8 


Dr Israel Trask 


8 9 


Joseph Browning 


1 Committee 


William Webber 


20 


Aaron Mighell 



Voted. That the assessors Deduct on the tax now ordered to be 
assessed, the several sums placed against each mans name born on 
the Report of the Committee appointed to adjust past Services in the 
army. Recorded Jos Moffat Town Clerk 

41 



322 APPBNDIX. 

Town Meeting Aug 16, 1779 

" Voted to accept off the Besolves of a Late Convention Held at 
Concord in the County of Middlesex in order to remedy the Deprecia- 
tion of our Currency." 

" Voted to Choose a Committe to State the Price of merchandise 
and Country Produce (Viz) Ens Daniel Burt. Lieut Jonathan Brown. 
Capt Aaron Charles. Capt Joseph Browning and Mr Samuel Hitch- 
cock." 

"Voted to Raise the sum of £1857-16 to hire six men for nine 
months service in the Continental Army." 

Town Meeting Oct 19. 1779 

"Voted to raise Ten men to join the Continental army and to serve 
three months." 

"Voted to Raise the sum of five hundred and forty Pounds for the 
Purpose aforesaid." 

Town Meeting June 19, 1780 

Voted to Raise the 13 men to Reinforce the Continental army 

"Voted to give Each man as a Hire who shall lulist as a Soldier 
and serve six months tlie sum of one thousand Pounds or the Benefit 
of the Everidge or else the sura of thirteen hundred Pounds " 

" Voted that the Treasurer Be and he hereby is impowered in said 
capacity to give his Note to said men for all the money they shall 
leave in the Towns hands and said money to be made as good as it 
now is." 

" Voted to Raise the sum of twenty thousand Pounds to hire the 
Towns Quota of men to joyno the Continental army and to Defray 
Town Charges." 

Town Meeting July 3. 1780 

" Voted to hire the militia to serve three months 

"Voted to give each man the sum of Six. hundred and fifty Pound 
who Inlists for and serves three months " 

"Voted to Raise the sum of Eleven Thousand three hundred 
Pounds to pay said men," 

Town Meeting Oct 11. 1780 

"Voted to Raise the sum of Four Thousand Nine hundred and 
Twelve Pound twelve Shillings to Pay for seven horses and for 
Cost of Collecting and freighting them to Springfield." 



APPENDIX. 323 

Town Meeting Oct 13. 1780 

" Voted to raise the sum of thirteen Thousand Pound to Purchase 
7530 lbs of Beef." 

Town Meeting Dec 21. 1780 

Voted to Pay the Thirteen men monthly During the three years or 
those that ingage During y* war 

Town Meeting January 1. 1781 

" Voted to choose a committee of three men to Purchase the 14458 
lbs of Beef assigned to the Town of Brimfield or to agree with the 
Committee of Supplies for the County of Hampshire to Pay a Part 
in grain or money." 

" Voted to Kaise the sum of thirty four Thousand Pound to Pur- 
chase said Beef and to part Pay the thirteen men to join the Conti- 
nental Army for three years." • 

Adjourned Meeting March 26, 1781 

" Voted to Give each of the thirteen men raised in y* Town of 
Brimfield to serve three years from the Date of their Inlistment each 
man three hundred Silver money or the Exchange in Continental 
Currency at the time of Payment." 

"Voted to Direct and Do Direct the Town Treasurer to Give his 
Note as Treasurer to Each Soldier according to the above vote." 

Town Meeting July 23. 1781 

" Voted to raise the Town Quota of Beef and Voted to Baise £120 
for the purpose aforesaid Voted and Directed the former Constable 
Capt John Sherman not to Beceive any more money that is now Due 
to said Town at any other rate than will answer or pay the Debts of 
said Town." 

" Voted & Directed the Town Treasurer to hire Thirty six Pound 
hard money and to give his notes the same and to give his notes to 
Each man Inlisting as aforesaid to make up Each man fifteen Pounds 
in full for said service the Town to have the wages of said men." 

Town Meeting March 28. 1782 

For the Purpose of Baising Five men to Join the Continental 
Army &c 

2 " Voted to Raise the sum of Fifty Pounds to fit out s* men." 
• 3 " Voted to Raise the Sum of Two Hundred & Two Pounds nine 
shillings to make the full of the first years Bounty for the first three 
years men " 



324 



APPENDIX. 



" Voted to Pay the Interest of what money the former Constables 
shall Borrow to pay the five men now to be Kaised and that they be a 
committee for the Purpose aforesaid." 

Town Meeting May 16. 1782. 

" Voted to Except the Iteport of a Committee appointed to lulist 
five men to serve three years in the Continental Army." 

"Voted to Direct and impower the Town Treasurer to give his 
Notes to each of said five men to make up said men in money and in 
Notes the sum of Sixty Pound Each." 



REPORT OF SETTLEMENT WITH TOWN TREASURER. 

1784. 

We the subscribers Being Appointed as a committee to reckon 
with L* Aaron Mighill Treasurer of s* Town have this Day reconed 
with 8** Treasurer and find accounts as follows (Viz) That he has re- 
ceived in certificates upon the Constables of s* Town vrith what 
was in his Hands 



the last Reckoning the sum of 
and has paid out by order of the town the sum of 
and there remains in the Treasurers hands the sum of 
which belongs as follows (Viz) to the Reverend Mr WilliAnis the 
sum of £160 to compleat his Salary for the year 1782 A 1788 
and Town money 
and School money 

And the notes that stand against the Town are as fol- 
lows (Viz) 

A note to Capt Aaron Charles of 

A note to Lemuel Parker of 

A Note to Gen^' l^anielson by Benj Nelsons order of 

Also another Note to Gen" Danielson of being part of Dan Townsley 

second note 
And nine .£30 notes that was out the first of April 1783 
Twelve £80 notes to be out the first of April 1784 

the above notes are due to the first three years men 
Likewise a note to Dayid Janes Jr of £10 and one of £81 
And a note to Julius Coulton of £10 and one of £5 and one of £35 
And two notes to Samuel Lewis of £5 Each and one of £36 
And a note to Luke Chapin of £5 and one of £40 
And one note to Thomas Janes of 



£973-19- 1 
£328-16- 4 
£645- 2- 9 

£160-00-00 
£405-16- 8 
£79-6-6 



£25-2-0 
£17-0-0 
£ 6- &- 

£10-9-4 
£270-00-00 
£360-00-00 

£ 44-00-00 
£ 50-00-00 
£ 45-00-^ 
£ 45-00-00 
£ 84-00-00 

£91^16. 4 



APPENDIX. 325 

The above notes are all that stand against the Town and all In- 
dorsements that shall appear on the above mentioned notes are in 
favor of the Treasurer, and the Treasurer has still in his hands 2000 

Old Continental Dollars 

Joseph Browning) r\ -*,*, 
Aaron MoBGAN | Committee 

SHAYS' REBELLION. 

The town of Brimfield does not appear to have taken any action 
upon the causes that led to the Shays' Kebellion. At a Town Meet- 
ing held May 8, 1786, the town voted and chose Capt John Carpen- 
ter^ Lt. David Morgan, Dea. Issachar Brown, Dr. Israel Trask and 
Aaron Morgan, as a committee to look into the state of our Town 
Stock of ammunition. 

The Militia Companies of Brimfield, the West Company under the 
command of Capt. Joseph Hoar, and the East Company under the 
command of Capt. John Sherman, were ordered to Springfield for the 
support of the Government, Sept. 25, 1786, and remained in service 
six days ; the same companies were ordered to Springfield a second 
time ; January 17, 1787, and continued in service twenty-four days. 
Capt John Sherman enlisted a company of volunteers numbering 
sixty-three men, who were in service fifteen days from Feb. 7*** 1787. 
March 12, 1787. The town voted to draw £16. immediately out of 
the Treasury to be laid out in Town Stock of ammunition. 

April 2, 1787. A committee was chosen to settle accounts that 
any person may have against the town for services done towards sup- 
pressing the late rebellion. Nov 30, 1787. The town chose a com- 
mittee to allow for things that were lost in the Alarm at Springfield. 

Under the above votes bills were allowed and paid amounting to 
£61— 17'— 9*. 

WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN, 1812. 

Town Meeting July 7, 1812 

Art 2 To see if the town will elect a delegate or delegates to meet 
in Convention at Northampton on the 14^ instant to take into con- 
sideration the propriety of adopting any legal and constitutional 
measures to avert the calamity of War, and prevent an alliance with 
France. 

Voted to send two delegates to Northampton on the 14*** instant 
for the purposes expressed in the second article in the Warrant. 
Voted, That Stephen Pynchon Esq and Deacon. Issachar Brown be 
the delegates 



326 APPENDIX. 

Voted, That the town concur in the sentiments expressed in the 
resolutions passed in the town of Boston on the 15"* of June last. 

AVhereas the American Grovernment has recently declared that war 
exists between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland ; and in the opinion of the Inhabitants of this town, this 
great national war is not the result of sound policy impartial Justice 
or of any necessity which the Government of the United States should 
not control ; and whereas a war, whether just or unjust, undertaken 
under such disadvantageous circumstances, will produce incalculable 
distress upon every class of our fellow citizens especially on the Sea 
board, and in our opinion will eventuate in the great loss of our prop- 
erty and the destruction of many valuable lives as well as in a fatal 
alliance with the most formidable tyrant upon the Globe. 

And whereas we consider it a duty we owe to ourselves, as well as 
to our beloved country to embrace every opportunity and to use all 
lawful and constitutional means to avert the calamities of this great 
national event, and to restore our Country to its late peaceful state. 

Therefore voted That the delegates this day chosen to represent 
this town in a general County convention at Northampton on the 14"* 
instant he instructed to Unite with the several town delegates in said 
Convention, in all lawful and constitutional measures which may then 
and there be proposed and adopted, in order to obtain the above desir- 
able objects and the re-establishment of that unparalleled, national 
prosperity which for many years, was the lot of these United States. 

Also all proper and legal measures in order to procure a constitu- 
tional senate of this State by a fair and just districting of the same, 
and all such other pro])er measures, as may be thought advisable to 
be adopted for our benefit at this important period. 

TOWN MEETING SEPT 30, 1814. 

Voted. To choose a committee of five to report Instructions for the 
Representatives in the General Court in relation to the present alarm- 
ing situation of the Country on account of the War. 

And that Abner Morgan Esq. Col [Israel] Trask, Deacon [Issachar] 
Brown. Charles Prentiss and Major [Solomon] Koar be that com- 
mittee 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 

The committee this day appointed to prepare instructions for the 

Representatives of this town in the ensuing legislature beg leave to 

report the following 

Abker Morgan 

Per Order 



APPENDIX. 327 

To Stephen Pynchon Esq and Col Alexander Sessions Eepresenta 
tives from this town in the Genera] Court of this Commonwealth 

While we acknowledge that officers, chosen by ourselves for legisla- 
tive duties, must at all times be governed by their own sentiments, of 
what is necessary or expedient, we consider the opinions and wishes of 
constituents, entitled to the most attentive regard. On this principle 
the town of Brimfield in legal town meeting assembled, previous to 
your departure to join the legislature of this State in its approaching 
extraordinary session, assume the liberty of stating to you our opin- 
ions and wishes, in the present unfortunate and critical situation of 
this country at large, but more immediately, of this Commonwealth. 
We believe the war in which we are now engaged to have been levied 
from no considerations of political necessity, justice or expediency, 
but rather as the sacrifice on the altar of party spirit and personal in- 
terest^ of all that is dear, ennobling and profitable, of all that is, or 
might be prosperous and beneficial for the country, so far as the gen- 
eral government has possessed power to injure or destroy the pros- 
pects and prosperity of the nation. 

We believe the war in which we are involved, has arisen from the 
unjustifiable partiality, the evident insincerity, the apparent corrup- 
tion, the notorious weakness and inconsideration, of our national rulers. 
A war thus proclaimed and continued, when the ostensible cause for 
it has long since been removed under its present directors, and under 
the spirit which appears to pervade its authors, so distressing to the 
country generally, so ruinous to numberless individuals, so wasteful 
of needless expenditure, so wanton in the useless forfeiture of human 
life, must shortly be terminated, or must soon prove most injurious to 
this state. 

We therefore consider it the most solemn and most immediate duty 
of the legislature of this state to provide for its own welfare by the 
adoption of such measures of pacific tendency as shall be deemed most 
adequate for securing the safety and prosperity of the commonwealth 
with the least risque of a disunion of the states, and of the surest 
tendency to compel the authors of this war to abandon their ambitious 
views of foreign conquest, and to meet the enemy, no longer with a 
pretended, but with a sincere desire of adjusting mutual complaint, 
and restoring the reciprocal blessings of peace. 

We join in the sentiments, expressed by the present Chief Magis- 
trate of this nation just before our present constitution was adopted, 
that when the general government is pursuing measures adverse to 
the good of the whole they may be brought to duty by the resistance 
of a powerful state, or a combination of states, and we believe the 



328 APPENDIX. 

time has now arriyed when it has become the duty of this state in 
conjunction with such states as maj be actuated by a similar sense of 
duty, to resist the present wild and destructive proceedings of Con- 
gress, so far as they respect this war. 

We are not insensible to the inconyeniences and possible danger of 
a partial* and we hope but temporary separation of the general inter- 
est ; but policy and duty alike recommend our own security ; a secu- 
rity we apprehend, which, in the present state and aspect of public 
affairs, can be obtained only by a co-sentiment and co-action of such 
states as feel the obligation and necessity of joining in a refusal to 
continue, perhaps for many years, the present needless and destructive 
war. But to remain as we are, with a conviction of the destitution of 
talent and patriotism in the general government, and with no just 
ground for expecting a speedy termination of the war ; to sacrifice 
time, blood and money in defence of our soil, property and altars, with 
no infringed right to maintain and no object of national benefit in 
view, is demanded neither by discretion, necessity, nor patriotism. 

The extension of the boundaries of the United States, and the ad- 
mission therein of new states without the consent of the partners to 
the original compact, the gradual destruction of that commerce, to 
maintain which was one principal cause of the adoption of our abused 
constitution, together with many other infractions, by the national 
legislature of that constitution has, to use the language of an eminent 
patriot and statesman of this Commonwealth, absolved the individual 
states from all moral obligations to maintain the union. We never- 
theless most ardently wish for the preservation of that union ; and at 
the same time believe that the most secure mode for its maintenance 
will be by a prompt and vigorous opposition to the unconstitutional 
and pernicious pursuits and determinations of our untoward general 
administration. To traverse the extensive grounds of just complaint 
over which we might go, would require volumes. These complaints, 
are known and their justice fully recognized. 

We consider it now, ere too late, immediately necessary, not longer 
to memorialize and pour our grievances into the ears of the deaf, but 
to act. We therefore request that, in the ensuing session of the leg- 
islature, if, after due consideration it shall be deemed by the General 
Court advisable or necessary, you would use your influence, to pro- 
pose an immediate confederation and co-operation of such states as 
are desirous, and feel the necessity of checking the mad and destruc- 
tive measures of the national government, and thus recovering the 
blessings of which, we have long been and still are unnecesarilly de- 
prived. 



APPENDIX. 329 

This town has not the presumption to dictate or advise the enlight- 
ened and patriotic legislature of which you are members with regard 
to what measures it would be wisdom to pursue : it only wishes, as 
one member of the family of the state, that its slender voice may be 
heard, and in conjunction with others stimulate and authorize the 
General Court to the adoption of such means as will in their view, 
have the most immediate and most certain tendency to save from 
jeopardy our rights, and restore the comforts and advantages of peace 
and commerce such as we enjoyed when able and upright rulers 
swayed the resources and destinies of this once happy empire. 

Voted, That the late drafted Soldiers now in service by themselves 
or substitutes be entitled to receive from the town a sum of money 
which with their pay from the Government shall be equal to fourteen 
dollars per month while they are out." 

Under the above vote twenty-eight persons were paid $5.25 each. 

TOWN MEETING NOV. 7, 1814. 

Voted f " That the drafted soldiers who furnished their own Ammuni- 
tion and expended it in their late expedition to Boston be allowed 
therefor and that the selectmen draw one general order for it in favor 
of some person in behalf of said soldiers at the discretion of the 
selectmen when they ascertain the amount of ammunition furnished 
and expended." 

TOWN MEETING JANUARY 23, 1815. 

Voted, " To choose a committee of seven to take into consideration 
the present alarming state of our country in relation to the war, the 
means of carrying it on, and in relation to the internal duties now de- 
manded by laws of the United States, and report to this meeting, and 
that Deacon Issacher Brown, Esq [Abner] Morgan, C. Prentiss, Mr. 
[Philemon] Warren Capt Thomas Sherman Dr [Asa] Lincoln, and 
Sylvanus Thompson be this committee." 

The committee reported as follows, and the town voted to accept 
their report, viz: 

" That we will aid and assist the General Court with our lives and 
property whenever they call upon us in resisting and repelling all 
oppressive, unconstitutional acts made or to be made by the Gov.* of 
the U. States, or attempted to be put in operation in this State. 

42 



330 APPENDIX. 

WAR OF THE REBELLION, 1861. 

At the commencement of the Rebellion in 1861, there was no mili- 
tary organization in Brimfield, or this part of the State, and although 
much feeling was manifested and expressed by the citizens of the town, 
so confident were the people as a whole that the Government would 
soon bring the war to a close, that during the first year no concerted 
action was held hy the people; every man seemed to read, think and 
act for himself. 

As the war progressed and the wants of the Government became 
better known, it was found that here and there a man unsolicited and 
from his own sense of duty, had volunteered in the defence of his 
country. 

Especially was this the case in the organization of the 15th, 21st and 
27th Regiments; in the latter, Brimfield furnished twenty-one men. 

The number of enlistments from Brimfield previous to July, 1862, 
was forty, who had enlisted from love of their country and without 
any inducement other than the pay offered by the Gt)vernment. 

The first action by the town was at a meeting held June 29, 1861, 
when on motion of Francis D. Lincoln it was 

Voted, " That the Selectmen be authorized to draw from the Town 
Treasury, such sums of money as they shall deem proper, not exceed- 
ing Two Dollars per week for the wife, and One 50-100 Dollars for each 
additional member of the family dependent for their support on any 
one of the citizens of this town who has been or may be enlisted into 
the service of the United States, in accordance with the provisions of 
General Laws, 18G1, Chap. 222.'' 

At an adjourned town meeting March 18th, 1862, it was 

Voted, " That the Assessors be authorized to abate the Poll Tax of 
all the citizens of Brimfield who have volunteered in the service of the 
United States, and that to those who have paid the same, the amount 
be remitted." 

Town Meeting, July 31, 1862. 

Votedy *' That the Selectmen be authorized to pay a bounty of One 
Hundred Dollars to each man who has, or may enlist from this town 
as one of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, and is mustered into 
the service of the United States as one of the Quota of the town of 
Brimfield under the call of the Guvernor, General Order No. 26, dated 
Head-Quarters, Boston, July 7, 18G2, until the Quota of the town of 
Brimfield as therein set forth [twenty men,] is filled, and draw their 
order upon the Town Treasurer for the amount so paid out. 



I 



APPENDIX. 331 

Voted, That the Selectmen be authorized to allow the same aid to 
the families of those volunteers from this town, who have died in the 
service of the United States, as is paid to the families of those in ser- 



vice." 



ENLISTMENT KOLL. 



'^ Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

Brimfieldy August 22, 1862. 

We whose names are hereunto affixed severally enlist in a company 
of volunteer militia in Brimfield and vicinity, subject to orders of the 
Commander-in-Chief and all laws and regulations governing the mili- 
tia of this Commonwealth, and agreeing to serve upon any requisition 
of the Government of the United States issued during the present 
year, as a militia-man for the term of nine months consecutively, if 
orders therefore shall be issued by the Commander-in-Chief of the Mi- 
litia of Massachusetts. Provided the town of Brimfield, or individuals 
shall pay to each man enlisting as above the sum of One Hundred and 
fifty Dollars when he is mustered into the service of the United States. 
Also that the full quota of [thirty-two,] men for the town of Brimfield, 
under the order of the President for Three Hundred Thousand men 
for the period of nine months, dated August 4, 1862, is filled by vol- 
untary enlistments." Signed by Francis D. Lincoln and 29 others. 

Town Meeting, August 28, 1862. 

The following was adopted by the town, viz. : 

" Whereas the President of the United States, on the 4th day of Au- 
gust, A. D., 1862, ordered that Three Hundred Thousand Militia be 
immediately drafted into the service of the Government of the United 
States, to serve for nine months, unless sooner discharged ; also, that if 
any State shall not by the 15th of August furnish its quota of the ad- 
ditional Three Hundred Thousand Volunteers authorized by law, the 
deficiency in that State shall be made up by special draft from the 
Militia ; and whereas the aforesaid order has been so far modified that 
volunteers will be received from the several States and communities 
for their respective quotas if furnished forthwith ; and whereas we be- 
lieve it to be more in accordance with the spirit of our Institutions, 
the dictates of Patriotism, and the past history of this town, that the 
quota of the town of Brimfield should be filled by volunteer enlist- 
ments, rather than be selected by arbitrary military draft, therefore 

Resolved, That it is expedient and eminently proper that an earnest 
effort should be made by the citizens of Brimfield to secure their full 
quota of men under the aforesaid orders by volunteer enlistments. 



332 APPENDIX. 

Resolved^ That as a partial remuneration to the men who may thus 
volunteer, for the loss incurred by so abruptly leaving their business 
avocations, also to enable them to provide for the present and future 
necessities of their families and friends dependent upon them for sup- 
port, it is proper that they should receive a compensation in addition 
to that paid by the Grovernment, and for this purpose it is 

Voted, That the Selectmen be authorized and directed to pay a 
bounty of One Hundred and Fifty Dollars to each man who has or 
may enlist from this town as one of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, and is accepted and mustered into the service of the United 
States as one of the quota of the town of Brimfield, under the aforesaid 
orders of the President of the United States, bearing date August 4, 
1862.. 

Voted, That the Town Treasurer be authorized to borrow such sums 
of money as may be required for the aforesaid purpose. 

Voted, That in case any of the volunteers from this town are sick 
or wounded while in service, and in need of care and attention, that 
is not, or cannot be furnished by the Government, that the Selectmen 
be authorized and directed to furnish such aid and assistance by nurses 
or otherwise as in their discretion seems proper." 

The provisions of the Enlistment Roll of August 4th having been 
complied with by the town, ordering the bounty paid as specified, and 
the requisite number of men having signed the same, the men so en- 
listed united with the quotas of the towns of Monson, Wales and Hol- 
land, making the number required for a company. 

" Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
Head-quarters, Boston, Sept. 8, 1862. 
Special Order No. 783. 

Francis D. Lincoln and 99 others of Brimfield, Monson, etc., having 
forwarded to the Adjutant-General a Roll of Enlistment for the Volun- 
teer Militia of the Commonwealth, it is ordered that a Company be 
organized of the men thus enlisted, and that a Captain, and one First 
and one Second Lieutenant be immediately chosen. The order to as- 
semble the men will be directed to said Francis D. Lincoln, who will 
furnish the presiding officer with an attested copy of the Enlistment 
Roll previous to the meeting. The usual ten days' notice to Electors 
will be waived. One of the Selectmen of Monson will preside at the 
Election. 

By command of His Excellency John A. Andrew, Governor and 
Commander-in-Chief. 

Wm. Brown, AssH Adjutant^GeneraV 



APPENDIX. 333 

Pursuant to the foregoing order, the volunteers from Brimfield, 
Monson, Wales and Holland, assembled at the Town Hall in Brim- 
field on Tuesday, the 9th day of September, A. D., 1862, and were 
called to order by Daniel G. Potter, Chairman of the Selectmen of 
Monson, and eighty-six persons answered to their names. After an 
informal ballot for captain, it was voted to proceed to the choice of 
captain ; whole number of votes eighty-two. Francis D. Lincoln of 
Brimfield, had eighty-two votes, and was declared elected. 

Voted, " To proceed to the choice of a First Lieutenant ; whole num- 
ber of votes eighty-two. George H. Howe of Monson, had seventy-nine 
votes, Julius M. Lyon of Wales had two votes, and F. D. Lincoln one 
vote. George H. Howe was declared elected. It was then voted to pro- 
ceed to the choice of Second Lieutenant ; w^hole number of votes eighty- 
five. Julius M. Lyon of Wales, had eighty-two votes, George M. 
Stewart of Wales, two votes, Peter W. Moore of VVales, one vote. 
Julius M. Lyon was declared elected. 

Francis D. Lincoln of Brimfield, George H. Howe of Monson, and 
Julius M. L3^on of Wales, having signified their acceptance of the of- 
fices to which they had been respectively elected, the meeting was dis- 
solved.'' 

During the year 1863, as the Government had ordered 300,000 men 
to be furnished by draft, efforts to secure volunteers ceased. July 
15, thirty-three men were drafted from Brimfield ; of this number 
twenty-three were exempted. One enlisted before notified ; eight 
commuted by the payment of $300 each, and one was held to service 
and discharged at the close of the war. 

At a town meeting held September 22, 1863, it was voted to furnish 
aid to the families of persons who have been or may hereafter be 
drafted into the service of the United States. 

After the call of the President, March 14, 1864, for 200,000 men, 
no provision having been made by the town for the payment of boun- 
ties for the same, the following was circulated and signed by a large 
number of the tax payers in town, and presented to the Selectmen. 

"To the Selectmen of Brimfield, 

Gentlemen : — We the undersigned, request you to take measures 
to procure such number of men as may be necessary to fill the quota 
of the town of Brimfield under the order of the President of the 
United States for a draft of 200,000 men, issued on the 14th inst., and 
we hereby pledge ourselves, collectively and individually, to pay to you 
or your order all necessary expenses incurred therefor. 

Brimfield, March 26, 1864." 



334 APPENDIX. 

• 
April 4, 1864, the town appropriated Twelve Hundred Dollars for 

the payment of bounties to soldiers, and on motion of George C. Ho- 
mer, it was voted to pay One Hundred and Twenty-five Dollars ($125) 
to each volunteer, who shall be enlisted and serve on the present quota 
of 200,000 men called for by the President of the United States. 

TO^VN MEETING, JULY 27, 1864. 

Voted, ^^That the Selectmen be authorized to take such measures, 
and to offer and pay such sums of money as they may deem Decessary 
and proper, to procure the quotas of volunteers in the military service 
called for from this town, under any order or call of the President of 
the United States, issued after the first day of March, A. D. 1864, and 
before the first day of March A. D. 1865, provided that the amount of 
money so paid out, shall not exceed the sum of One Hundred and 
Twenty-five Dollars for each volunteer enlisted, and mustered into said 
service as a part of the quota of this town under the orders of the Pres- 
ident issued during said period. 

The Selectmen finding themselves unable to secure the quota of the 
town for the bounty offered, a public meeting of the citizens was 
called to consider and act upon the matter. At this meeting, the fol- 
lowing proposition was offered and adopted, to be presented to the 
people, viz. : 

"On demand we the undersigned promise to pay to the order of the 
Selectmen of the town of Brimfield, the sums set against our own re- 
spective names, in order to enable them to offer and pay a bounty to 
each person who may enlist and is mustered into the service of the 
United States as one of the quota of said town, under the last call or 
order of the President for 500,000 men, and in case said quota is not 
filled by volunteers the Selectmen are hereby authorized to use the un- 
expended balance in paying a bounty to such persons as may be 
drafted, and held to service to fill the deficiency in volunteers. Pro- 
vided the applicant for the same has subscribed hereto the sum of 
Twenty-five Dollars, also an amount equal to a tax of one half of 
one per centum on his taxable property. It being understood that 
subscriptions hereto shall not be considered valid and binding unless 
the sum of Four Thousand Dollars is subscribed for the above on or 
before the fifteenth day of August inst. 

Brimfield, August 1, 1864.'' 

The response of the people was, subscriptions to the amount of Four 
Thousand and Eighty-one Dollars ($4,081). 



APPENDIX. 335 

SECOND SUBSCRIPTION. 

"We the undersigned promise to pay to the order of the Selectmen 
of the town of Brim field, the sum set against our own respective names, 
to enable them to offer and pay a bounty to such as may enlist and are 
mustered into the service of the United States as a part of the quota 
of the town of Brimfield under the last call of the President for 300,000 
men. Brimfield, Dec. 28, 1864." 

Five Hundred and Twenty-five Dollars ($525) was subscribed and 
paid for the above purpose. 

TOWN MEETING MARCH 13, 1865. 

Voted, "To act on the Eighth Article. 

And that the Selectmen be authorized to offer and pay such a boun- 
ty to persons who may hereafter enlist from this town into the service 
of the United States, as may be authorized by the laws of the State." 

TOWN MEETING MAY 31, 1865. 

" On motion it was voted to raise by taxation on the Polls and Es- 
tates of the town, the sum of Forty Six Hundred and Six Dollars 
(¥4606), to refund to individuals the several sums contributed by them 
for the benefit of those who volunteered to fill the quotas of the town 
under the calls from the President during the year Eignteen Hundred 
and Sixty-four, and that the same be assessed, collected and paid 
over to the Town Treasurer on or before the 10th day of February 
next. 

Votedy That the Selectmen be instructed to draw orders on the 
Treasurer payable on the 10th of February next, in favor of the sev- 
eral individuals, who contributed in the manner and for the purpose 
above specified, to tlie amount each individual so contributed — 

From Schouler's History of Massachusetts in the Civil War, we learn 
that Brimfield furnished one hundred and thirty-eight men for the war, 
a surplus of five over all demands. The amount of money appropriated 
and expended by the town for military purposes, exclusive of State aid, 
was Fifteen Thousand and Sixty-Four dollars and Thirty-three Cents. 

The amount raised and expended by the town for State aid to sol- 
diers' families during the war, and which was afterwards repaid by the 
State, was $5,853.11. 

The ladies of Brimfield were active during the whole of the war. 
By subscriptions and fairs held by them, they raised $1,803.25 for the 
Sanitary and Christian Commissions, and before the 46th Regiment 



336 APPENDIX. 

left the State, they raised Seventy-fire Dollars, and with it purchased 
a sword, belt and sash, which they presented to their townsman, Fran- 
cis D. Lincoln, who commanded a Company in the Begiment. 

TOWN MEETING, MARCH 12, 1866. 

Voted, "On motion of Capt. Francis D. Lincoln, that the town erect a 
Monument to the memory of their soldiers, who died in the service of 
their Country. 

Voted, That a committee of five be appointed to procure a plan for 
a Monument, an estimate of the expense, also report a location for the 
same at some future time. Francis D. Lincoln, Sumner Parker, Wil- 
liam PL AVyles, Nathan F. Hobinson, and Thomas J. Morgan, were 
appointed said committee." 

At an adjourned meeting, April 2, 1866, 

The committee chosen to report a plan, and estimate of the expense, 
and location for a Monument to our deceased soldiers, made a verbal 
report by their chairman, Capt. F. D. Lincoln, exhibiting a design 
furnished by William N. Flynt of Monson, which he would furnish, 
showing thereon in raised letters, by whom and for what purpose 
erected, and the names of our deceased soldiers, for the sum of Twelve 
Hundred and Fifty Dollars. 

And that Silas C. Herring had offered if the Monument was located 
on the site proposed, near the Hotel, that he would at his own 
expense enclose it with a good substantial fence. 

Voted, That the Committee to procure a plan for a Monument to 
our deceased soldiers, be authorized to contract for the erection of the 
same, at an expense not to exceed Twelve Hundred and fifty Dollars 
($1,250), and that the design and location thereof, and all questions 
relating to the same, be left to their discretion and determination. 

DEDICATION OF MONUMENT. 

At the dedication of the Monument, July 4, 1866, Samuel W. Brown, 
Chief Marshal, the procession under the escort of the Brimfield Rifie 
Company, organized in 1828 and represented by 40 members, com- 
manded by their first Captain, Cyrel R. Brown, preceded by the South- 
bridge Cornet Band, moved to the south side of the Common, where 
from a platform under the elms, the assemblage were welcomed in a 
brief address by the President of the day. Col. John W. Foster, of Chi- 
cago, for many years a resident of the town ; from thence the procession 
moved to the Church, where prayer was offered by Rev. C. M. Hyde, 
the resident pastor; the Declaration of Independence was read by 
Newton S. Hubbard. 



APPENDIX. 337 

The procession then reformed and marched to the Monument ; an 
address was delivered by Capt. Francis D. Lincoln, containing a his- 
tory of the services of the town, in contributing men and money for 
the war, and tracing the career of each of the volunteers, who sealed 
his devotion with his life. The dedicatory prayer was offered by 
Rev. Joseph Vaill, D. D. After these exercises, the people repaired 
to the Town Hall, where they did ample justice to the dinner fur- 
nished by Edward W. Sherman, of the Brimfield Hotel. After din- 
ner, the audience was addressed by Kev. G. M. Hyde and others; 
after which sentiments were offered, James B. Brown acting as toast- 
master. 

The material of the Monument is granite, from the quarry of Wm. 
N. Flynt, of Monson, which, having been set off from Brimfield, may 
therefore be regarded as a home product ; its height 18 feet 6 inches, 
and its base 4 feet 5 inches. 

On the North side it bears, in raised letters, the inscription : Our 
Country^s Defenders in the War of the Rebellion. Erected by the 
Town. 

On the East side, H. W. King, G. W. Paige, E. A. Parker, E. E. 
Parker, E. F. Manning, A. N. Manning. 

On the South side, M. H. Smith, G. H. Dimick, Jas. Crosby, A. 
W. Latham, H. W. Robinson, Silas Phelps. 

On the West side, G. W. Allen, Wm. Kenney, L. P. Parker, C. E. 
Alexander, John Cronin, P. Barry. 

TOWN MEETING, MARCH 8, 1869. 

The Committee chosen to procure and cause to be erected a Monu- 
ment to the soldiers of Brimfield, who died in the War of the Rebellion, 
reported that they had attended to the duty assigned them ; also that 
Silas C. Herring and Elijah T. Sherman had, at their own expense, 
enclosed the Monument Park with a substantial and elegant Iron 
Fence, and concluding by recommending the following, which was 
adopted by a unanimous vote : 

'' Whereas, Silas C. Herring and Elijah T. Sherman, former citizens 
of the town of Brimfield, generously gave the Iron Fence which en- 
closes the ground where the Soldiers' Monument stands. 

Therefore, voted unanimously, that the thanks of the Town are 
due and are hereby tendered them for the above named generous 

gift. 

Voted, That the Town Clerk be directed to forward a copy of the 
above vote to Silas C. Herring and Elijah T. Sherman.'' 

48 



338 



APPENDIX. 



SOLDIERS FROM BRIMEIELD IN THE FRENCH AND 

INDIAN WAR. 

A list of the officers and soldiers that were impressed at Brimfield 
for his Majestie's service and sent into the Western Frontier for de- 
fense, in the time of the alarm in June^ 1747, with the time of their 
continuance in service, viz. : eight days. Mass. Archives, Book 92, 
page 49. 



James Mirick, Ensign, 
Ichabod Bliss, Sergeant, 
Medad Hitchcock, Corporal, 
Daniel Graves, Cent., 
Samuel Kilborn, 
Nathaniel Clark, 
Mark Ferry, 
Humphrey Gardner, 



Charles Hoar, 
Daniel Morgan, 
Henry Burt, 
John Nelson, 

E Moreton, 

Joseph Bullings, 
Nathaniel Munger. 



Mass. Archives, Vol. 94, page 153, is the following : 

" A list of men that were enlisted and impressed but of the South 
Regiment in the County of Hampshire on y* 22^ day of April last, ac- 
cording to General Order &c of 15*** April, and certified by Col John 
Worthington May 29. 1756.'' 

There are the names of sixty-five persons on the list. As the res- 
idence is not given, we are not able to designate as residents of Brim- 
field only Simeon Hubbard, Samuel Lee, Samuel Bates, John Burt^ 
Edward Cobb. 

A muster roll of the Company in His Majesty's service under the 
command of Daniel Burt, Captain, from March 30, 1755, to January 
3, 1756. Mass. Archives, Book 94, page 90. 



Daniel Burt, Captain, 
Samuel Chandler, Lieutenant, 
Trustram Davis, Ensign, 
Jonathan Brown, Sergeant, 
John Harkness, " 

William Janes, " 

Daniel Loomis, Clerk, 
Ebenezer Arms, Drummer, 
John Hallowell, Corporal, 
Josh Russell, 
John Mighill, 
Jabez Keep, 



(( 



^l 



ic 



Benj. Webber. 
Joshua Garey. 
Ichabod Meecham. 
Francis Baxter. 
Thomas Walton. 
Simeon Burke. 
Perez Marsh, Jr. 
Dennis Wedge. 
John Burt. 
Nathaniel Mighill. 
Robert Dunkly, Jr. 
James Turner. 



APPENDIX. 



339 



Ephraim White, CentiDel, 
Ebenezer Bishop, " 
Joseph Moffatt, Jr. 
Nathaniel Collins, Jr. 
Jno. Bishop, Jr. 
John Thompson. 
Asa Merritt. 
Sam'l Livermore. 
Wm. Gordon. 
Joseph Davis. 

Koll endorsed 



Elijah Mighill. 
Gideon Dimock. 
Daniel Moffatt. 
John Bright well. 
Thomas Blodgett. 
Edward Roatch. 
Jehiel Morgan. 
Ebenezer Scott, Jr. 
Deliverance Carpenter. 
William Dadee. 

" Capt Daniel Burts Co on 

Crown Point Expedition." 



Muster Roll of Captain Ebenezer Moul ton's Company expedition to 
Crown Point in Colonel Pomeroy's regiment, from Sept. 11th to Dec. 
25th, 1755. Mass. Archives, Book 94, page 45. 



Ebenezer Moulton, Capt. 
Gideon Merrick, Lieut. 
David Wallis, Ensign. 
Humphrey Cram, Clerk. 
Hugh Tackles, Sergt. 
Joseph Belknap, " 
Joseph Munger, " 
Joshua Burgess, Corp. 
Phineas Mirrick, " 
Phineas Durkee, " 
Aaron Graves, " 
Richard Jordan, Drummer. 
Samuel McClellan. 
John Cross. 
John Danielson, Jr. 
Abner Blodgett 
Archippas Blodgett. 
Robert McMaster. 
Benjamin Stebbins. 
David Lumbard. 
Thom. Riddle. 
Stephen Clark. 
John Chedle. 
Ebenezer Frost. 
Asa Belknap.] 



William Gardner. 
Nehemiah Needham. 
Sam Bullen. 
John Hiel. 
John Lamberton. 
Thom. Anders. 
Jonathan Lumbard. 
Timothy Walker. 
Reuben Morgan. 
Jonathan Kilbourn. 
Josiah Converse, Jr. 
Joseph Moulton. 
Wm. Belknap. 
James Runnels. 
Isaac Aplin. 
Timothy Farrell. 
David Brittian. 
Jonathan King. 
Wm. Fleming. 
Samuel Frost. 
Timothy Col ton. 
Adonijah Russell. 
Abijah Healy. 
Henry Webber. 
Sam Dearing. 



340 



APPENDIX. 



William Garey. 
Henry Lyon. 



Jonathan Frost. 
Ebenezer Cooley. 



A list of Brimfield men in Capt. Tnistram Davis' Company, in Col. 
Dwiglit's regiment, Crown Point expedition, mustered into service 
Oct. 11, 17oG. Mass. Archives, Book 94, page 557. 



a 



Capt. Tnistram Davis, Brimfield. 

John Mighill, Clerk, 

Israel Walker, Sergt. 

Ephraim Wite, Corp. 

Joseph foot, Drummer. 

Elijah Mighill. 

John Post. 

Samuel Allen. 

Josiah Smith. 

Reuben Townsley. 

Samuel Lee. 

Daniel Allen. 

36 men in the Company; 23 from Brimfield. 



Joseph Molton. 
John Davis. 
Joseph Needham. 
Jacob Webber. 
Asa Belknap. 
Andrew Walton. 
Isaac Wallis. 
Jotham King. 
Wm. Garle. 
Samuel Smith. 
Edward Cobb. 



Muster Roll of a Company of foot in His Majesty's service under 
the command of Daniel Burt, in a regiment raised by the Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay, for the reduction of Canada, whereof Wm. Wil- 
liams is Col. — from March 13th to Nov. 20, 1758. Mass. Archives, 
Vol. 96, pages 384-386. 



Daniel Burt, Capt. 
Aaron Merrick, Sergeant. 
Israel Walker. 
Benj. Blodgett. 
Timothy Walker. 
Jonathan Molton. 
Isaac Bliss. 
John Morgan. 
Joseph Thomson. 
John Rosebrook. 
Richard Bushup. 
Sum Webber. 
Sam Micil. 
John Thompson. 
Reuben Lilley. 
Phineas Dingey, Sergeant. 



Aguila Moffett. 
Paul Hitchcock. 
Jotham King. 
Benj. Kelson. 
William Garey. 
Nathaniel Mighill. 
Reuben Tousley. 
Phineas Graves. 
Simeon Keene. 
Ebenezer Stebbins. 
Elnathan Munger. 
John Shaw. 
John Harris. 
Peter Groves. 
Smith Ainsworth. 
Isaac Scott. 



APPENDIX. 



341 



Josiah Holbrook, Corp. 
Isaac Mund^ Drum. 
Jasper Needham, Drum. 
Asa Belknap. 
Israel Janes. 
Peter Fuller. 
Asa Holbrook. 
Thomas Hobart. 
Beuben Hoar. 

One hundred men in the Company ; 



Daniel Sherman, son of Phineas 
Berial Sherman. 
Joseph Morgan. 
Jacob Ainsworth. 
Matthias Hartman. 
William Nelson. 
Benjamin Carpenter. 
Benj. Webber. 



49 from Brimfield. 



a 



A Muster EoU of the tDompany in his 
command of Trustrum Davis, from Feb. 
Archives, Vol. 98, pages 271-274. 

Trustram Davis, Capt. 
Jonathan Morgan, Lieut. 
Joseph Thompson, " 
Dan Knowlton, Ensign. 
Samuel Mighell, Sergeant. 
Gideon Dimick, 
Heuben Lilley, Cent. 
Peter Fuller, Corp. 
John Anderson, Corp. 
William Bishop, " 
Sam Blodgett, Drum. 
George Larkin, Cent. 
Jehiel Morgan, " 
Asa Belknap. 
Ariel Mighell. 
John Bobinson. 
Samuel Frizzell. 
Joseph Hitchcock. 
Daniel Haines. 
Adonijah Cooley. 
Joseph Davis. 
George Peagray. 



majesty's service, under the 
14, to Dec. 16, 1760. Mass. 

John Hinds. 
Aaron Mighell. 
Joseph Crawfort. 
Reuben Tousley. 
Benj. Nelson. 
Caleb Loomis. 
Edward Cobb. 
Thos. Anderson. 
John Wallis. 
John Davis. 
Jonathan Babcock. 
Benajah Bice. 
Jonathan Norris. 
Jno. Harris. 
Jona. Torrey. 
David Torrey. 
Leonard Hoar. 
Alex. Jennings. 
Nathaniel Cooley. 
Trustram Davis, Jr. 
Lemuel Hind. 



SOLDIERS FROM BRIMFIELD, WAR OF THE REVO- 

. LUTION. 

From the muster rolls on file in the State House, have been made 
out the following list of soldiers in the Revolution. It will be noticed 
that the time of service in the militia was often very short, but the 



342 



APPENDIX. 



calls were very frequent. The whole numher who served in the Con- 
tinental Army, continuously, was 22; 228 names indicate the readi- 
ness of the inhabitants, who numbered only 2^ ratable polls in 1771, 
to meet the country's demands for military service. 

In the following table the numbers affixed to each name denote the 
special service rendered, as arranged in this list : 











OAPT. 


COL. 


1. 


1776, 


Apr. 19, 


Lexington Alarm, 


Thompson. 


Danielson. 


2. 


(( 


« « 


(( « 


Sherman. 


Pynchon. 


8. 


(« 


May, 


Eight Months, 


Thompson. 


Danielson. 


4. 


(f 


It 


« <( 


Walker. 


Danielson. 


6. 


« 


«« 


« « 


Walbridge. 


Brewer. 


A 


1776 






( Thompsoi 
First Co. 


D.Shepard. 


\9* 


All Iff 






4th Cent. 


6. 


ti 




Roxbury, 


Sherman. 


Learned. 


7. 


<( 




(( 


Munn. 


Dike. 


8. 


«« 


Oct. 21-NoT. 17, 


Ticonderoga, 


Cadwell. 


Robinson. 


9. 


1777, 


March, 


« 


Detached 


Militia. 


10. 


(( 


Aug. 12-NoT. 80, 


Gates' Northern Army, 


Chapin. 


Woodbridge. 


11. 


« 




tt M (( 


Winchester. 


Woodbridge. 


12. 


« 


Feb., 


«< (( « 


Munn. 


Porter. 


18. 


« 


Aug. 1, 


• ( « « 


Munn. 


Porter. 


14. 


1778, 




Nine Months, 


Browning. 


Bliss. 


16. 


ft 




«« « 


Charles. 




16. 


ft 


Dec, 




Woodbridge Taylor. 


17. 


1779, 


May, 




Shaw. 


Porter. 


18. 


f( 


« 




May. 


Leonard. 


19. 


« 


Aug., 


Nortliem Army, 


Keep. 


Chapin. 


20. 


1779, 




Rhode Island, 


Rowlis. 


Jacobs. 


21. 


(( 




tt tt 


Stebbins. 


Sparhawk. 


22. 


1779-81, 


Guards at Springfield, 


Carpenter. 




23. 


1780, 


July 4 to Oct. 10, 


Three Months, 


Browning. 


Murray. 


24. 


»( 


<< 


(« « 


Charles. 




25. 


«( 


<( 


Six Months, 


Browning. 


Burt. 


26. 


(« 




Saratoga, 


King. 


Sears. 


27. 


1781. 




Three Months, 


Davis. 


Drury. 


28 


1777, 




Three years Contin'l, 


Toogood. 


Nixon. 


29. 


(« 




tt tt tt 


Hey wood. 


Nixon. 


80. 


i( 




tt tt tt 


Keep. 


Shepard. 


80.- 


(< • 




tt (< tt 


Smith's. 


Marshall. 


81. 


1780. 




For the War •* 


Heywood. 


Nixon. 



OFFICERS. 

Bliss, Thomas Theodore Capt. in Col. Lamb's Artillery 177&-1779, 
taken prisoner. 

Brown, Jonathan 1 Sergt., 17 Lieut., 18 Lieut. 
Browning, Joseph 2, 23 Capt., 25 Capt. 
Carpenter, John 2 Sergt., 3 Ensign, 22 Capt. 



APPENDIX. 343 

Danielson, Nathaniel 1 Major, Col. Brewer's Regiment. 
Danielson, Timothy 1 Colonel, 1776, Feb. 8, Brig.^enl. 
Hoar, Joseph 1 Ensign, 11 Lieut., Capt. 1782. 
Lilly, Reuben 1, 3, 6 Sergt., 28 Lieut., 31 Lieut. 
Mighill, Aaron 1 Lieut. 
Miller, Nathaniel 1, 3, 28 Sergt, 31 Ensign. 
Morgan, Abner Brigade Major, 1778, Aug. 29. 
Sherman, James 2 Capt., 6 Capt. 

" Phineas 2 Lieut. 

Thompson, Jonathan 2 Ensign, 6 Corpl., 13 Lieut., 28 Sergt., 31 
Ensign. 

Thompson, Joseph 1 Capt., 3 Capt., 6 Capt., 1777, Dec. 19, Lt.- 
Col., Mass. Line at West Point. 
Atchinson, John 26. 
Abbott, Henry 9, 3, 28, 29, (26 yrs.) 
Abbott, Zebediah 1, Sergt. 17. 
Ames, Nathan 22. 
Alexander, Peter 4, 28, 23, 31. 
Andrew, Samuel 2. 
Burnett, James 23. 
Baker, Joseph 11, 14, 18 (22 yrs.) 
Ballard, Sherebiah 5. 
Bartlett, John 24 (32 yrs.) 
Bement, George 31 (30 yrs.) 

" Jesse 1, 3, 28, 31. 
Blanchard, George 3. 
Blashfield, James 23, 25 (16 yrs.) 
" John 2, 5. 
" Ozem, 1, 3, 14 (21 yrs.) 

" William 1. 

Bliss, Henry 17, 23, 25 (17 yrs.) 
" John, 1. 

" Blodgett, Theodore 28, 31. 
Bond, Edward 1, 3. 
" Ephraim 2. 
" Luke 24 (17 yrs.) 
*' Samuel, 1. 
Belknap, Daniel 26. 
Bliss, Thomas 10 Sergt. 
Blodgett, Admatha 28, 31. 
" Jonas 8. 
" Benjamin 20. 



344 APPENDIX. 

Blodgett, Ephraim 22, 23. 

" Rufus 14 (17 yrs.) 
Bishop, Hooper 26. 
" Solomon 31. 
" Abner 26. 
Brigbam, JoDathan 3 Sergt. in Gapt. Ferguson's Co. 
Brooks, Silas 28, 31. 
Brown, Bartholomew, 2. 

" Jonathan, 1 Sergt. 
Bryant, John 3. 
Burr, Noadiah 26. 
Burt, Abel 2, 9, 12. 
Cady, Stoddard 1, 3, 9, 11, 12 Corp. 
Carpenter, Abial 2, 22. 

" John 2, Sergt. 3. 
« William 3, 28, 31. 
Corliss, Timothy 6. 
Chapman, Lemuel 23. 
Charles, Aaron 2. 

" Jonathan 1, 11, 13, 26. 
" Nathaniel 20. 
" Nehemiah 21, 23, 25. 
" Solomon 1. 
" John, 26, 
Chickering, Nathaniel 1, 3. 
Clark, Benoni 10. 

" Peter 31. 
Collins, Lewis 14, 23 (18 yrs.) 
" Nathaniel 2, 7 Sergt, 11. 
" Stephen 5. 
" Thaddeus 26, 20. 
Cooley, Azariah 2, 28, 31. 
Collis, John 12. 
Danielson, Altamont 22, 26. 
" Calvin 2, 3, 18. 
« Daniel 23. 

'' John 5. 
" Lothario 24 (16 yrs.) 

" Luther 5, 11, 27. 
Davis, Samuel 30. 

" William 1, 3. 
Draper, Isaac 2, 6. 



APPENDIX. 345 



Draper Samuel 18, 23, 25 (18 yrs.). 
Dunham, Joseph 12. 
Ellingwood, Hananiah 1, 3. 
Fairbanks, Rufus 11, 13, 14, 26 (19 yrs.)- 

" Ebenezer 14. 

Pay, Elijah 1. 
Fav, Levi 1. 
Ferry, Judah 2, 4. 
Fisk, Jonathan 15, (22 yrs.) 
Fuller, Luther 24 (16 yrs.) 
Graves, Jesse M. 3. 
Gardner, John 10 Sergt, 20, 23. 
Harris, John 1 Corp., 17 Sergt., 18 Sergt. 
Haynes, Daniel 2, 47. 
" Jonas 2. 
" Samuel 
Hill, Josiah 2. 

Hitchcock, Aaron 26 Sergt., 31 Sergt. 
'' Abijah 28, 31. 

" Abner 4. 

Eldad 1, 4. 
Heli 3, 4, 6, 28, 31. 
Elijah 1. 

Ezra 14, 23 2^ (17 yrs.). 
" Jacob 1. 

" Joseph 1 Corp.^ 3 Sergt. 

" Levi 1. 

" Luther 6, 28, 29, 31, (20 yrs.) 

" Medad 1, 3, 11. 

« Winchester 23, 25. 

Hoar, Leonard 23, 2b (38 yrs.),. 
Hubbard, John Bolton 23, 25 (36 yrs.). 

'' Jonathan 2. 
Hooker, Henry 5. 
Howard, Jeremiah 3 Sergt. 
Janes, David 2, 17, 19, 23, 25 (17 yrs.) 
" Elijah 30. * 
" Eliphalet 2. 
" Isaac 17. 
" Israel 2. 

" Jonathan 2, 3, 11, 15. 
" Peleg Cheney 18, 19, 21, 23, 25 (19 yrs.), 
44 



a 
u 



346 APPENDIX. 

Janes, Solomon 2, 3 Corp., 10, 12 Sergt. 
« Thomas 17, 20. 
" William 8. 
Lane, Asaph 16, 20. 23. 
Lewis, Samuel 15, 25 (30 yrs.). 
Lilly, Benjamin 24, (18 yrs.) 
'' Joseph 1, 3, 6, 28, 31. 
'- Reubin, 1, 3. 
" Samuel 22. 
Livermore, Daniel 1, 18 Corp. 
Lumbard, Absalom 18, 26, 17 Sergt. 
" Aaron 1, 3, 11, 18. 
" David 26. 
" Jeremiah 1. 
" Stephen 16, 23, 25 (18 yrs.) 
" Thomas 1 Sergt, 3, 9, 11, 12 Sergt. 
Mighell, Nathaniel 30. 
Mason, Oliver 2. 
May, Ezra 16. 

McClure, Thomas 2, 4 Sergt., 10. 
Mighell, Abner 2. 
Miller, Nathaniel 2, 3. 

" Amok 30. 
Moffatt, Daniel 1, 3. 
" Jacob 14. 

" Joel 6, 14, 18, 24, 25, (^21 yrs.) 
" Judah 17, 18, 20, 26. 
" Lewis 22, 24, 30, (16 yrs.) 
" William 24, 29. 
Morgan, Aaron 1, 10 Sergt., 13 Sergt. 
" Benjamin 2, 17, 22. 
" David 1 Sergt. 
*' Enoch 23, 28, 31. 
" Jacob 14, 23, (20 yrs.) 
** Jonathan 1, 22. 
" .Joseph 2 Sergt. 
" Pelatiah 23 
William 23. 
Nelson, Benjamin 2, 24, (43 yrs.) 

" Samuel 24, 30, (17 yrs.) 
Newell, John 5. 
Nichols, Asher 5. 



APPENDIX. 347 



Nichols, John 14, 24, 25, (20 yrs.) 

" Zadok 2, 11. 
Parker, Jesse 24, 28, 30, 31, (25 yrs.) 

« Lemuel 21, 24, (27 yrs.) 
Powers, Eli 30. 

Russell, Joseph 24, 29 Sergt, 30, (22 yrs.) 
Rogers, Simon 14. 
Sanderson, Sylvanus 10 Corp'l. 
Shaw, George 2. 
" Samuel 2. 
Sherman, Benjamin 1, 3 Sergt., 24, 30, (16 yrs.) 
" Beriah 3. 
" Bezaleel 19. 
" James, Jr. 2, 17 Corp'l. 
« John 5. 
" Joseph 28 Serg., 31. 
" Lemuel 2, Corp'l. 

" Noah 23, 28, 31. 
" Samuel 1, 2, 12 Corp. 
" Thomas 1,3. 
Shumway, Greorge 2. 
Smith, Elijah 20. 

" John 14, 23, 25, 30, (18 yrs.) 
Stearns, Daniel 31. 
Stehhins, Abner 18, 23. 
« David 14. 
•* John 1. 

'* Jotham 14, 18, 21, 23, (19 yrs.) 
" Judah ICorpn. 
" Levi 6. 
Stone, Thomas 14, 24, 25, (26 yrs.) 
Sabin, Abner 30. 

Thompson, Alpheus 18, 24, 25, (22 yrs.) 
" Amherst 15, (17 yrs.) 

" Asa 19, 23, 31. 
'' James 2 Sergt., 6. 

" Jonathan 28. 

" John 2. 

" Samuel 41, (18 yrs.) 

" Solomon 18. 

" Stephen 14. 

Townsley, Adam 1, 3 Corp. 




348 APPENDIX. 

Townsley, Dau 24, 25, (17 yrs.) 

Gad 1, 3, 6, 11, 16 (22 yrs.) 
Jacob 6, 11, 18. 
" Reuben 3. 
Trask, Benjamin 2. 

" Noah 11. 

" William 2. 
Tucker, Joseph 1, 3. 
Ward, Christopher 3, 24, 28, 31, (23 yrs.) 

" Comfort 5. 

" Ebenezer 2. 

" Elijah 24, 28, (19 yrs.). 
Webber, Bradley 23. 
Whitney, Gershom 2. 
Witham, Joshua 2, 3. ' 
Worthington, Calvin 3. 

SOLDIERS FROM BRIMFIELD IN SHAYS' REBELLION. 

Pay-roll of Capt. John Sherman's company of militia in Col. Gid- 
eon Burt's regiment, that marched to Springfield January 17, 1787, 
in service 24 days. Mass. Archives, Book 192, page 91. 

John Sherman, Capt., Willis Coye, 

Samuel Bates, Lieut., Luther Danielson, 

Alexander Sessions, Lieut., Lothario Danielson, 

Aaron Morgan, Clerk, Nathaniel Danielson, 

Calvin Danielson, Sergt., Nathan Durkee, 

Elijah Morgan, " Joseph Fairbanks, 

David Blodgett, " Levi Gates, 

John Charles, " Jacob Hoar, 

Eli Bates, Drum., Benjamin Hayties, 

David Browning, Corp., Pownal Hitchcock, 

Willis Moffatt, " John Lath wood, 

Ebenezer Frizzell, ** Jonathan Morgan, 

Henry Abbot, Jacob Morgan, 

Josiah Arms, Gad Mighell, 

William Blashfield, Joseph Moffatt, Jr., 

Abel Burt, Cyrus Janes, 

L Bement, Calvin Moffatt, 

Ephraim Bond, John Murray, 

Simeon Bates, Joseph Olds, 

Moses Bates, Thomas Sherman, 



APPENDIX. 



349 



Solomon Charles, 
Jonathan Charles, 
Simeon Charles, 
Nathaniel Charles, 
Thomas Cooley, 
Kufus Bates, 
Nehemiah Charles, 



John Sherman, 
Daliiel Shaw, 
Seth Totman, 
Peter Webber, 
Zebediah Abbot, 
Enoch Morgan. 



SHAYS' REBELLION. 

Pay-roll of Capt. Joseph Hoar's Company, in Gideon Burt's regi- 
ment, who marched to Springfield in support of the Government, Jan- 
uary 17, 1787, in service 24 days. Mass. Archives, Book 191, page 
277. 



ti 



ti 



Joseph Hoar, Capt., 
Jonathan Brown, Lieut., 
Joseph Hitchcock, 
Ab'm Chapin, 
Josiah Stebbins, Clerk 
Benj. Stebbins, Sergt., 
Zadoc Nichols, " 
Daniel Danielson, '* 
Amos Miller, " 

Massena Hitchcock, Fifer, 
Judah Stebbins, Drummer, 
George Miller, " 

Arunah Charles, Corp., 
Jonathan Ellinwood, Corp., 
Calviij Holmes, 
Zepheniah Kood, 
Joseph Allen, 
Consider Bement, 
Daniel Brewer, 
Israel Bond, 
James Bennett, 
Nicanor Brown, 
Thomas Charles, 
Lewis Collins, 
Phineas Crouch, 
Bezaleel Chapin, 
Benjamin Chapin, 
Ashbel Chapin, 
Koswell Chapin, 



« 



^i 



John Chapin, 
William Chandler, 
Benjamin Danielson, 
David Dunham, 
Cutting Earle, 
Willard Grovesnor, 
John Holmes, 
Edward Holmes, 
Jabez Hills, 
Zadoc Hitchcock, 
Noah Hitchcock, 
Ezra Hitchcock, 
John McKinstry, 
Eber Kellogg, 
Gidepn Lumbard, 
Joseph Morgan, 3d, 
William Morgan, 
Daniel Morgan, 
Jesse Parker, 
James Smith, Jr., 
Pliny Lichus, 
Barzilla Sherman, 
Gardner Wiman, 
Moses Wood, 
Thomas Stone, 
Kichard Bishop, 
David Morgan, 
Jabez Nichols, 
Moses Grovesnor. 



350 



APPENDIX. 



SOLDIEES FROM BRIMFIELD IN THE WAR OF 1812. 

List of soldiers drafted from Brimfield, Sept. 11, 1814 From the 
inspection and muster roll of Capt. Isaac Fuller's Company of Lif antry 
in Lieut. Col. Foote's regiment, Brig. Gen. Bliss' brigade. Detached 
Corps under Major Gen. Whiton, with arms, accoutrements and arm 
of men, commissioned officers, and privates. 



Abner Brown, Lieut., 
Julius Ward, Sergeant, 
Erastus Lumbard " 
Zadoc Nichols, Corporal, 
Saunders Allen, 
Lemuel Allen, 
Shubel Butterworth, 
William Blodgett, 
Martin Durkee, 
Chester Ellinwood, 
Oliver Felton, 
Timothy Gardner, * 
Jonathan Haynes, 
Eaton Hitchcock, 
John Dunbar, 



Edward Lewis, 
John G. Moore, 
Joshua Nichols, 
Daniel S. Nichols, 
Lewis Robinson, 
Timothy Swycher, 
Martin Smith, 
Abial Stebbins, 
Erasmus Stebbins, 
Calvin Burnett, 
Daniel Frost, <5gt. Major. 
Loring Collins, 
Aaron English, 
George Harvey. 



Marshall S. Durkee, of Brimfield, enlisted in 1808 for five years, 
served under Gen. Harrison, was in the battle of Tippacanoe and 
Brownstown, also in the army surrendered by G«n. Hull at Detroit ; 
confined in prison ship at Quebec for several months, discharged at 
Boston 1813. 



SOLDIERS FROM BRIMFIELD IN THE WAR OF THE 
REBELLION. 



NAMES 


"m7l EEOIME-KT 


RANK 


KEVABKS, 










Thomna Finnity, 


3 years' 2Tth Mass. 


Private 


Re.e'nlisteifDec. M^^iaea. 


JamM Crosby, 






Re enliated Feb. 27, 1864 ; 
died at Millen Prison. 
Oct. 1864. 


Jnmes K. Crosby, 






-Re enlixtii i),--. 22. 1863. 


Leyi W, Emeiwo, 


" 


" 


Uis. Aug. 3, 1862, diubil- 


Jacob B«rtoTi, 


.. 






Marcus B. Smith. 


" 


Corp. 


Died at Roanoke Mar. 6. 

1862. 
Re^nlisted Dec. 22, 1868. 


John P. Pepper, 

Thorns. 0. Pepper, 




PriTftie 








Henry R. Pepper, 




Corp. 


(Disability. 


WillUm A. Nve, 




Private 




Jowph H. Snow, 






Re-enlisted Dec. 22. 1863, 








Re-enlisted Jan. 2. 1864. 


I-uL-ian G. Erwin, 






Re-enli.led Dec 22. 1868, 


SiUi Phelpa. 




(^orp. 


Died Millen Prison. Oct. 

1864. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 22. 1868. 


Horace Merritl. 




Private 




" 




Discharged Mar. 8, 1868. 
Disability. 








Re-enlisted Dec. 22, 1868. 


F. AiiBTin Jonniiioii, 




Corp. 


Re-enliited Dec. 22, 1863. 






Private 


Died at Newborn, Apr. 26. 
11868. 


Henry H, Smill). 






John RobiMon 






Re enlisted Dec. 81, 186S. 


Geo. n.Dimick. 






Died at Anderson ville. 


William Allen 






[Oct, 18, 1864. 


Henry TV Kinn. 


••^ ai Mais. 




D.Urbana. Md..Sep.22.'6a. 


Rofu* A, Parker, 






Died at Gettysburg July 


Michael McCarty, 






|20. 1864, of wounds, 


iM«Ac H. Pronty. 


l»tC«»alry 






Harlowe It. Kibbe, 








AlODEo W. Lalhair., 


18tb Masa. 




Died in hospiul. 


Edwin Nelson, 


2lgt Mass, 






Lewis Pratt, 








Edward E. Parker. 






Died June 8, 1862, of 
wounds received at 
Cam.ien, N. C, 


Artbar H. Smitb, 




Sergt. 


Wounded and discharged. 
[Re enlisted Sept.7.1B68. 


Joseph D. Hartey, 


15th Mass. 


Private 


Frank L. Beiuon, 






[ha. 2d Lieut. 


Bramin E. Sibley. 








George L. Arery, 






Wounded and discharged. 


John Pratt. 








WiUJam D. Herring, 


;; N.Y. Zouaves 






Kendrick B. Webal>.r, 








George W. Paige. 


■■ TlbN.Y. Cav. 


Q. M. Sgt 


Died July 4. 1862. 


John Glynn, 


" : 31sC Masi. 


Private 




William Colgrore, 


34tli Masfi. 






Francis 8. Gardntr, 




Corp- 




Bd*«dW.Hitcbcock, 




Privale 




Orsamns Eenfleld, 








William Eenney, 


" 




Died at Alexandria Dec 

», 18«2. 



352 



APPENDIX. 



T a. Kulan, 3 yenra 34(li Mass. 



Mnrciis GcHnIcll, 
Patrick Harrj-, 
Francis A. Gruven, 
Frank W. Gord.jn, 

Eilgar F. MnnniiiKi 
lloraoi M G»rikier 
JolinM Burton 
William S, Frost. 
George W. Allen, 
AhanB Blisx. 
Charles Dimick, 
Unmat. S. KllUon, 
Frederie G. Ellison, 
Charles C. John Hon. 
GeuT|(e Keeber. 

Uollin C. Wililania. 
James Norton, 
■WillLimForlham. 
John Johnsoii, 
John Mcl^ie. 
Charles S. Jiim-H, 
Miclind Delaney. 
WaliiT Allen. 
.Tiiel W. Hrii.'ket, 



Died at twttte Skinner'* 

[Ford, Aug. 4, ISM. 

Discharged Ma; 8, 1663. 

Uisabilil;. 
Killed at Piedmont. Va.. 
Ibattle. June 6, 18«4. 



mill Mass. I 
2etli Mass. I 
1st Hal. H. A.; 
:>Olh Mais. . 

2811) Mass. 

'iUth Maes. 
61 «t Mass. 
33d Mass. 
Vet. Heaerves' 
'-•gtii Mass. 



I Killed at Petersburg, Va. 



John M. Newtoi 
tk^oij-ell. Hiirr. 
AlWr S, lUin, 
Ak-x N. .Miniiii 



Cht-new NVwton. 
Kdnard BlixH. 
Charles Ufihani. 
(ieorge C. Iloini-r, 
William H. Slicrman, 
Bvron W. Cliarlcs. 
IsniL-l C. Karlc-, 
('harles K. AU^xJindi-r. 
(Umrles K. LiimlKird. 
Abiier 11 Steliliin!", 
r.yinan f*. I'arki-r. 

J.ilin Kelly. 
Charlf* It. Brown, 
Charles (>. I.iindinni, 
Albert J. Bi;il>y, 



n\ U. S. Navy 
». > 8th Mass. 



Sergt. I 
Corii. I 
rrirale 



Dieil at Newborn, Uarcb 

^.1868. 
Re-enliated in HeiTj Ar- 
[tillery. 



APPEiroiX. 



353 





TERM or 








NAMES. 


BN LI ST- 
UB VT. 


RKQIUKST. 


BAIfK. 


KBMAKKB. 


Joseph Gagnt, 


9 mos. 


46tb Mass. 


Private 




Orrill S. Parker, 










^ 


Thaddens Benson, 












Joseph P. Brown, 












George L. Kenney, 












George A. Munroe, 












William S. Stearns, 












John Patrick, 












John B. Motley, 












William S. Walker, 













PASTORS OF CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN 

BRIMFIELD. 

Richard Treat, 9 years to 1734. 

James Bridgham, 40 years to 1776. D. 1776. 

Nehemiah Williams, 21 years to 1796. D. 1796. 

Clark Brown to 1803. 

Warren Fay to 1811. 

Joseph Vaill to 1833. 

Joseph Fuller to 1837. 

Joseph Vaill to 1841. D. 1869. 

George C. Partridge to 1846. 

B. E. Hale to 1849. D. 1877. 

Jason Morse to 1861. D. 1861. 

Charles M. Hyde to 1870. 

Moses B. Boardman to 1873. 

Webster K. Pierce. 



1725, 


Rev. 


1736, 


tc 


1775, 


u 


1798, 


« 


1808, 


a 


1814, 


u 


1835, 


u 


1837, 


u 


1842, 


tt 


1847, 


u 


1849, 


It 


1862, 


ti 


1870, 


it 


1874, 


u 



DEACONS OF CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN BRIM- 
FIELD WITH DATE OF ELECTION, SO FAR AS KNOWN. 



John Sherman, 
David Morgan, 
Henry Burt, 
Luke Blashfield, 
Joseph Hitchcock, 
Joseph Hoar, 1778, 
Joseph Hitchcock, Jr., 1786, 
Samuel Sessions, 1799, 
Jonathan Morgan, 1799, 
Issachar Brown, 
Ebenezer Fairbanks, 
Solomon Hoar, 
45 



Samuel Tarbell, 
Samuel Brown, 
Charles Barrows, 1829, 
Jacob Bishop, 1832, 
Abner Hitchcock, 1835, 
Cyril R. Brown, 1838, 
Paul W. Paige, 1843, 
Dauphin Brown, 1845, 
Solomon Homer, 1853, 
Newton S. Hubbard, 1867, 
James S. Blair, 1867. 



354 



APPENDIX. 



JUSTICES OF THE PEACE IN BRIMFIELD. 

The following list embraces, so far as can be learned, the names of 
all who have held commissions as Justices of the Peace, with the date 
of their appointment. 



1730, John Sherman, 1825, 

1772, James Bridgham, 1826, 

1732, Daniel Burt, 1826, 

1781, Timothy Danielson, 1833, 

1781, Abner Morgan, 1836, 

1788, David Morgan, 1845, 

1790, Joseph Browning, 1848, 

1798, Stephen Pynchon, 1850, 

1800, Darius Munger, 1855, 

1804, Spencer Phelps, 1856, 
1807, William Eaton, 
1812, John Gardner, 

1820, Philemon Warren, 1858, 

1821, Israel E. Trask, " 
1823, John Wyles, 1868, 

1823, William W. Thompson, 1869, 

1824, John B. Cooley, 



u 



iC 



Francis B. Stebbins, 
Asa Lincoln, 
Lewis Williams, 
Festus Foster, 
Ebenezer Knight, 
Parsons Allen, 
S. A. Hitchcock, 
Henry F. Brown, 
Jairus Walker, 
John W. Foster, 
George C. Homer, 
Gilman Noyes, 
Cyril R. Brown, 
Wilson Homer, 
Samuel W. Brown, 
James B. Brown. 



POSTMASTERS AT BRIMFIELD. 

The Post-office at Brimfield was probably established September 5, 
1806, Stephen Pynchon being the first Postmaster: but as the earliest 
records of the Department at Washington were destroyed by the fire 
of Dec. 15, 1836, there are no means of assertaining the fact with 
absolute certainty. The following is a list of the names of those who 
have held the office of Postmaster in the town, with the date of their 
appointment : — 



Stephen Pynchon, appointed 
Mirquis Converse, 
Otis Lane, Jr., 
Asa Lincoln, 
Henry F. Brown, 
George C. Homer, 
Nathan F. Robinson, 
Silas C. Herring, 
Henrv F, Brown, 



<s 

n 
it 

iC 

(I 

n 
a 



Sept. 5, 1806. 
Feb. 19, 1823. 
Feb. 17, 1842. 
Feb. 17, 1845. 
Jan. 3, 1850. 
May 1, 1852. 
June 25, 1853. 
May 4, 1861. 
April 16, 1867. 



APPENDIX. 355 

REPRESENTATIVES OF TOWN OF BRIMFIELD. 

1741, June 26, the town voted that they would not send a represent- 
ative. The General Court laid a fine of £30. Each town was by law 
required to pay the expenses' of its representative. The bill for this was 
added to the Province tax of the following year. In the following 
table, where no name appears, it is to be understood that in that year 
there was no representative sent. From 1760 to 1775, Monson aud 
South Brirafield voted with Brimfield in the choice of a representative. 
South Brimfield and Brimfield continued to vote together till 1786. 

1731, Robert Moulton. 
1740, John Sherman. 
1746, Thomas Mighill. 
1747 and 1751, Thomas Stebbins. 
1753 and 1754, John Sherman. 
1760 and 1765, Daniel Burt. 
1767 to 1772, Timothy Danielson. 
1773, James Bridgham. 

1781, Daniel Burt. 

1782, Dr. Joseph Moffatt. 

1783, Aaron Mighill. 

1784, Nehemiah May. 

1786-1793, Joseph Browning ; also 1795, 1796. 

1794, David Morgan. 

1797, Joseph Hoar. 

1798-1801, Abner Morgan. 

1802 and 1803, Clark Brown. 

1805-1823, Stephen Pynchon; except in 1808, when William Ea- 
ton was sent, and 1817. When Brimfield was entitled to two repre- 
sentatives, there was sent with 'Squire Pynchon: 

1809 Jonas Blodget, 

1810-1813, Philemon Warren, 

1814, 1815, Alexander Sessions, 

1816, Israel E. Trask, 

1817, AlexanderSessions, Solomon Hoar. 
1824, 1826, 1830, 1831, John Wyles. 
1828 apd 1829, Lewis Williams. 

1830, Oliver Blair. 

1832, Issachar Brown, Festus Foster. 

1833| Royal Wales, Solomon Hoar. 

1834, Julius Burt, Marquis Converse. 

1835, Abner Brown, Festus Foster. 



356 



APPBNDIX. 



1836, Linus Hoar, Festus Foster. 

1837, Royal Wales, John M. Warren. 

1838, John W^ Bliss. 

1830, Abnor Hitchcock, Samuel Tarbell. 

1840, Ponu<?l l^arker. 

1841, Ebcnezer Williams. 
1843, Augustus Wheeler. 
1845, Orson Sherman. 
184(>, George l^uffur. 

1848, Alured Homer. 

1849, Philip G. Hubbard. 

1854, Henry F. Brown. 

1855, Paul W. Paige. 
185(), Alfred L. Converse. 
1857, Gilman Noyes. 

1859, Paul W. Paige. 
1803, Xewton S. Hubbard. 

1860, James B. Brown. 
1870, Samuel W. Brown. 
1873, Thomas J. Morgan. 
1878, Pliny F. Spaulding. 



MODERATOKS OF ANNUAL 

Robert Moulton, 1731, '33. 
John Stcbbins, 1732. ^;U, -35. 
David Hitchc()(-k, 173r>, '37, '38, 

'39, '40, '4L>, '43, '44, '48, '49^ 
John Russell, 1741. 
Nicholas (J roves, 1745. 
Joseph Blodgett, 1740, '47, '53, 

'54, 'ryC), '57, '5S, '59. 
Thomas Stebbins, 1750. 
Adonijah Russt^ll, 1751, '05. 
John ^Mighell, 1752. 
Samuel King, 1750. 
Daniel Burt, 17f;o, '61, '03, '04, 

'Or>, '83. 
Joseph Hoar. 17f*)2, '07, '09, 71, 

'72. 'SO, 1S09. 
Bezahjel Slierman, 170S, '73, '74, 

rr *» y^/* '"^f" "»i» 
i «), M), < i , t O. 

Tiinothv I>anielson, 1779. "SI. 



MEETINGS OF BRIMFIELP. 

Joseph Browning, 1782, '83, '84, 

'85. '89. 
Abner Morgan, 1780, '87, '88, '90, 

'91, '92, '93, '94, '95, '90, '97, 

'98, '99, 1800, '1, '2, '3, '4, 

'5, '8— 20yrs. 
Sanmel Guthrie, 1806. 
Aaron Morgan, 1807, '10, '11, '12, 

'13, '14, 15. 
Alexander Sessions, 1816. 
Ebenezer Williams, 1817, '18, '24, 

'25, '30, '37, '38, '39, '40. 
Benjamin Sherman, 1819. 
Festus Foster, 1820. 
Asa Lincoln, 1821, '22, '23, '26, 

'27, '28, '29, '31, '32, '33, '34, 

'35, '37, '41, '42, '48, '50, '52, 

'54 — 19 yrs. 
Lewis Williams, 1830. 



APPENDIX. 



357 



Wm. M. Ward, 1848, '45. 
Abram Charles, 1844, '49. 
Daniel L. Green, 1846. 
Abner Brown, 1847. 
Francis D. Lincoln, 1851, '62, '69, 
'77. 



Henry F. Brown, 1853, '55, '56, '60. 
Samuel W. Brown, 1857, '58, '61, 

'63, '65, '66, '67, '6S, '70, '71, 

'72, '73, '74, '75, '76. 
George C. Homer, 1859. 
James B. Brown, 1864. 



TOWN CLERKS OF BRIMFIELD. 



Robert Moulton, 1731. 
John Sherman, 1732 to '61. 
Joseph Blodget, 1761, '62. 
Timothy Danielson, 1763 to '75. 
James Bridgham, 1775, '76. 
Aaron Mighell, 1777, '78. 
Joseph Moffat, 1779, to '84. 
Aaron Morgan, 1784, to '97. 
8tephen Pynchon, 1797-1823. 
Wm. W. Thompson, 1823, to '26, 
Ebenezer Knight, 1826, to '29, '34, 

to '39. 
John B. Cooley, 1829, to '31. 
Francis B. Stebbins, 1831, to '33, 

'34, to '35. 



Abner Brown, 1832. 

Asa Lincoln, 1839, to '42. 

Fitz Henry Warren, 1840. ' 

John W. Bliss, 1841. 

Otis Lane, 1843 to '45. 

Henry F. Browp, 1845 to '49, '51 

to '52, '61 to '63, '65 to '77. 
Philip G. Hubbard, 1849. 
John Newton, 1850. 
Charles Le Barron, 1852. 
George Bacon, 1853 to '57, '63, 

'64. 
James B. Brown, 1857. 
Calvin B. Brown, 1858 to '61. 



SELECTMEN OF BRIMFIELD. 



Robert Moulton, 1731, '32, '33. 
John Stebbins, 1731, '32, '34, '36, 

'38, '39, '40, '42, '44, '48, '49. 
Ezra King, 1731, '37. 
David Morgan, 1731. 
David Shaw, 1731. 
John Sherman, 1732, '33, '34, '35, 

'36, '37, '39, '40, '41, '42, '45, 

'46, '47, '49, '50, '51, '52, '53, 

'56. 
John Russell, 1732, '33, '36, '42, 

'43, '44. 
Wm. Nelson, 1732, '33, '39, '40. 
Joshua Shaw, 1733, '51. 
Ebenezer Graves, 1734, '35. 
Leonard Hoar, 1734, '37, '45, '46, 

'47, '49, '53. 



Benjamin Cooley, 1734, '38, '45. 
Nathaniel Hitchcock, 1735, '38. 
John Keep, 1735, '49, '54. 
Joseph Blodgett, 1735, '38, '42, 

'44, '48, '50, '53, '54, '55, '56, 

'57, '5Sy '59, '60, '62. 
David Hitchcock, 1736, '39, '40, 

'44, '46. 
Nicholas Groves, 1736, '42. 
Joseph Haynes, 1737. 
Wm. Warriner, 1737. 
Samuel King, 1738, '47, '51, '55, 

'57. 
Nathaniel Miller, 1739, '40, '43. 
James Merrick, 1741, '52. 
Henry Burt, 1741. 
Nathan Collins, 1741. 



358 



APPENDIX. 



John Mighell, 1741, '43, '44, '45. 
Thomas Stebhins, 1743, '46, '47, 

'50, \56, '59. 
Benjamin Morgan, 1743. 
Anthony Needliam, 1740, '47, '57, 

'62. 
Joseph Davis, 1746, '5Sy '59, '64. 
George Colton, 1748, '52, '53. 
Joseph Hoar, 1748, '50, '51, '55, 

'61, '62, '63, '65, '66, '67, '68, 

'72, '73, '74. 
Thomas Ellingwood, 1748, '69, '75. 
Enoch Hides, 1749, '53. 
Daniel Burt, 1750, '55, '56, '57, 

'59, '60, '63, '65, '66, '69, '70, 

'71, '72, '75, '76, '77, '79, '80, 

'82, '83, '84, '85. 
John Danielson, 1751. 
Luke Blashfield, 1754, '57. 
Noah Hitchcock, 1754, '58, '62. 
Adonijah Russell, 1754, '60, '64, 

'65, '66, '67, '68. 
Bezaleel Sherman, 1755, '67, '68, 

'GO, '70, '71, '72, '73, 74, '76, 






Sam'l Moulton, 1756. 
Francis Sikes, 1758. 
Edward Bond, 1758, '60, '64. 
Sam'l Nichols, 1759, '61, '67, '6S, 

'71, '76. 
Jonathan Ferry, 1760. 
James Lawrence, 1761. 
Jonathan Janes, 1761, '64. 
Joseph Hitchcock, 1761, '69, '70, 

'84. 
Timothy Danielson, 1762, '64, '65, 

'66^ '07, '6S, '70, '71, '72, '73, 

'74, '70, '77. 
Moses Hitchcock, 1763. 
Jonathan Charles, 1703. 
Benjamin Merrick, 1703. 
James ^Sherman, 1705, '00. 



Joseph Browning, 1769, '70, '71, 

'74, '75, '77, 79, '81, '82, '83, 

'84, '85, '90, '91, '92, '93, '95, 

'96, '97, '98, '99, 1800, '01, 

'02, '03, '04 
James Bridgham, 1772, '73, '74, 

'75, '76. 
Jonathan Brown, 1773, '78, '79 

'80, '81, '82. 
Joseph Hoar, Jr., 1775, '78, '80, 

'81, '82, '83, '85, 'S6, '87, '88, 

'89, '91, '94, '96, '96, '97, 

1802, '03. 
Jonathan Thompson, 1777, '79. 
Thomas Lombard, 1778. 
Simeon Hubbard, 1778, '83, '90. 
Wm. Janes, 1778. 
Aaron Mighell, 1779, '81, '82, '84, 

'86, '88, '89. 
Aaron Charles, 1780,* '81. 
Abner Morgan, 1780, 'S6, '87, '88, 

'89, '90, '91, '92, '93, '94, '95, 

'96, '97, '98, '99, 1800, '01, 

'02, '03, '04, '07, '10, '11, 

'19. 
Samuel Hates, 1783, '84, '85, '92, 

'93. 
Issachar Brown, 1786, '86, '87, 

'88, '89, '90, '91, '94, '95, 1814, 

'15, '17. 
John Carpenter, 1786. 
Alexander Sessions, 1787, '94. 
Medad Hitchcock, 1787, '96, '97, 

'98, '99, 1800, '01, '02. 
David Morgan, 1788, '89, '90, '92, 

'93. 
Sam'l Sherman, 1791, '96. 
Jonas Blodget, 1792, '94, '95, '97. 
Aaron Morgan, 1798, '99, 1800, 

'01, '02, '03, '04. 
Joseph Moffat, 1798, '99, 1800, 

'01, '02. 



APPENDIX. 



359 



Philemon Warren, 1803, '04, '11, 

'12, '13. 
Stephen Pynchon, 1805, '06, '08, 

09, '10, '12, '13, '14, '15, '16, 

'17, '18, '20, '21. 
Thomas Sherman, 1805, '06, '07, 

'10. 
Alfred Allen, 1805, '06, '16. 
Benjamin Sherman, 1805, '06, '07, 

'08, '09, '11, '12, '13, '14, '15, 

'16. 
Solomon Hoar, 1805, '06, '07, '08, 

'09, '10, '14, '15, '17, '18, '23, 

'24, '25. 
Joseph D. Browning, 1807, '08, 

'09, '14, '19. 
Beuben Patrick, 1808. 
Jacob Bishop, 1809. 
Abner Stebbins, 1810. 
Darius Charles, 1811, '12, '19, '26, 

'30, '32. 
David Hoar, 1811, '12. 
Cyrus Janes, 1813, '18, '22, '23. 
James Blodget, 1813. 
Daniel Burt, 1815, '20, '21. 
Daniel Nichols, 1816. 
Marquis Converse, 1816, '17, '18, 

Asa Lincoln, 1817, '18, '19, '22, 

'23, '27, '28, '29, '38, '42, '43. 
Ichabod Bliss, 1819. 
Samuel Brown, 1820, '21. 
Simeon Coye, 1820, '21, '22, '23, 

'24, '30, '32. 
John Wyles, 1820, '21, '22, '25, 

'26, '41. 
Wm. W. Thompson, 1822. 
Lewis Williams, 1823, '24, '25, '26, 

'27, '28. 
Thomas Merrick, 1824. 
Justin Morgan, 1824, '25, '26. 
Oliver Blair, 1826, '27, '28, '29. 



Julius Burt, 1827, '28, '29, '31, 
Lyman Bruce, 1827, '28. 
Col. Dauphin Brown, 1829, '30, '31. 
Robert Andrews, 1829, '30. 
Festus Foster, 1830, '32, '34, '35, 

'36, '37. 
Cyril R. Brown, 1831, '41, '42, '46, 

'66. 
Augustus Janes, 1831, '38, '43. 
John M. Warren, 1831. 
Royal Wales, 1832, '33. 
Absalom Lombard, 1832, '33, '44. 
Linus Hoar, 1833, '34, '35, '36, 

'37. 
Lemuel Lombard, 1833. 
Nathaniel Parker, 1833. 
Issachar Brown, Jr., 1834, '35. 
iMoses Tyler, 1834, '35. 
Johnson Bixby, 1834, '35, '49. 
Abner Hitchcock, 1836, '37, '38. 
Parsons Allen, 1836, '37, '44, '57, 

'58. 
Penuel Parker, 1836, '37, '51. 
Samuel Tarbell, 1838. 
Ebenezer Fairbanks, 1838. 
Ebenezer Knight, 1839, '40. 
Sam'l A. Hitchcock, 1839. 
Darius Shaw, 1839. 
James Fenton, 1839, '45. 
Wm. J. Sherman, 1839, '47. ' 
Harvey Fenton, 1840. 
Lewis Stebbins, 1840. 
Orson Sherman, 1840, '41, '47. 
Albigence Newell, 1840. 
Abram Charles, 1841, '50, '69. 
Sumner Parker, 1841, '47, '49, ^51, 

'52, '60, '61, '62, '63, '64, '67. 
Harvey Janes, 1842. 
Nathan F. Robinson, 1842, '50, 

'53. 
Solomon Homer, Jr., 1842. 
Fitz Henry Warren, 1843. 



360 



APPENDIX. 



Lemuel Allen, 1843, '44, '51*. 
George Puffer, 1843, '44. 
Abner Brown, 1844, '46. 
Alvin Janes, 1845. 
Alfred Hitchcock, 1845. 
James Tourtellott, 1845. 
Alured Homer, 1847, '53. 
Philip G. Hubbard, 1847. 
Paul W. Paige, 1848. 
Lyman Upham, 1848, '49. 
Augustus Wheeler, 1848. 
Francis I). Lincoln, 1848. 
Cheney Newton, 1848, '66, '67, '68. 
Wilson Homer, 1849. 
Joseph C. Hunter, 1849, '50. 
Jairus Walker 1850. 
Jonathan Emerson, 1850, '59. 
Ezra Perry, 3d, 1861. 
Calvin B. Brown, 1851, '55, 
Warren F. Tarbell, 1852, '55, '65. 
Ambrose N. Merrick, 1852. 
Alfred L. Converse, 1852. 
Thomas J. Morgan, 1852, '64. 
Elam Ferry, 1853. 
W^m. G. TarbeU, 1853. 
Alfred Lombard, 1853. 
Henry F. Brown, 1854. 
Gilman Noyes, 1854, '55, '56, '57. 



Aaron B. Lyman, 1854. 

Orre Parker, 1854, '59. 

Dea. Dauphin Brown, 1854, '68. 

Alden Goodell, 1855. 

James S. Blair, 1855, '63, '67, '73. 

Edward W. Potter, 1856, '57. 

Wm. H. Wyles, 1856, '57, '58, '59, 

'60, '61, '62, '63, '64, '65. 
Sam'l N. Coye, 1856. 
Sam'l W. Brown, 1856, '58, '69, 

'72. 
Braman Sibley, 1857. 
Newton S. Hubbard, 1858, '60, 

'61, '70, '75, '76. 
Pliny F. Spaulding, 1858, '71. 
James B. Brown, 1859, '65, '68, 

'71, '72, '73, '74 '76, '77. 
George C. Homer, 1859. 
Edwin A. Janes, 1862. 
Porter A. Parker, 1866, '74, '75, 

'76. 
Ephraim Fenton, 1869. 
George Bacon, 1870. 
Francis E. Cook, 1870. 
John W. Lawrence, 1871, '72. 
Albert S. Prouty, 1873. 
Moses H. Baker, 1874, '75, '77. 
Charles F. Spaulding, 1877. 



ASSESSORS OF BRIMFIELD. 
Joseph Blodget, 1731, '33, '35, '36, i Nathaniel Miller, 1734, '36, '37, 



'38, '41, '42, '43, '44, '47, '48, 
'50, '52. 
Joseph Haynes, 1731. 



'39, '40, '41, '43. 
John Keep, 1735. 
Timothy Colton,- 1737. 



David Hitchcock, 1731, '37, '39, Benjamin Cooley, 1738. 

Samuel King, 1738. 
John Stebbins, 1744. 



'40, '43, '44, '46. 
John Sherman, 1732, '33, '34, '35, 

'39, '40, '42, '46, '47, '48, '50, 1 Moses Hitchcock, 1745. 

'52. Charles Hoar, 1745. 

Robert Moulton, 1732, '33. 
Wm. Nelson, 1732. 



Adonijah Russell, 1745. 
Anthony Needham, 1746. 



Nicholas Groves, 1734, '36, '41, '42. Thomas Stebbins, 1747, '50, '52. 



APPENDIX. 



361 



Thomas EUeiiwood, 1748, '66, '67, 

73, 74, 75, 76, '80, '81, 

'84. 
Joseph Hitchcock, 1758, 74. 
Joseph Blodget, Jr., 1758, '59, '60. 
Samuel King, 1759. 
Bezeleel Sherman, 1759, '60. 
Jabez Keep, 1760. 
Timothy Danielson, 1766. 
Joseph Browning, 1766, '67, '73, 

'77, '85, '86, '87, '89. 
Daniel Burt, Jr., 1767, 1813. 
Joseph Moffit, 1772, '92. 
Aaron Mighill, 1772, '73, '74, '75, 

'76, '77, '83, '84, '85, '86, '87, 

'88, '89. 
Thomas King, 1772. 
Aaron Morgan, 1775, '76, '80, '81, 

'83, '85, '86, '87, '88, '89, '90, 

'91, '92, '93, '95, '96, '98, '99, 1 

1800, '1, '2, '3, '4. 
Simeon Hubbard, 1777. 
Wm. Janes, 1780. 
James Bacon, 1781. 
Solomon Russell, 1783, '84. 
Joseph Hoar, 1788, '92. 
Issachar Brown, 1790, '97, 1805, 

'6, '7, '8, '9, '10, '11, '12. 
Jonas Blodget, 1791, '92, '94, '95, 

'96, '97, '98, '99, 1800, '1, '2, 

'3, '4. 
Israel Trask, 1793. 
Nathaniel Charles, 1797, '98, '99, 

1800, '1, '2. 
Jonathan Brown, Jr., 1803, '4. 
Cyrus Janes, 1805, '6, '7, '8, '9, '10, 

'11, '12, '14, '15, '16. 
James Blodget, 1805, '6, 7, '8, '9, 

'10, '11, '12, '13, '14, '15. 
Solomon Hoar, 1813. 
Thomas Merrick, 1814, '15, '16, 

'17, '18, '19, '20, '21, '22, '23. 
46 



Abner Brown, 1816, '17, '18, 19, 

'20, '21, '22, '23, ^30, '31, '33, 

'34, '43. 
Lyman ]^ruce, 1817, '18. 
Julius Burt, 1819, '20, '21, '22, 

'23, '24, '25, '30, '36, '38. 
Dauphin Brown, 1824, '25, '26, 

'27. 
Augustus Janes, 1824, '25, '26, 

'27, '28, '37. 
Cyril R. Brown, 1828, '29, '30, '35, 

'.'50, ^39, '47, '56. 
Ahired [Hoar] Homer, 1828, '29, 

'40, '45, '50. 
Parsons Allin, 1829, '39, '50. 
Moses Tyler, 1831. 
Abner Hitchcock, 1831. 
John Newton, 1832, '3^1. 
Abraham Charles, 1832, '42. 
Seth Dunham, 1832. 
Ebenezer Fairbanks, 1833, '35. 
Darius Shaw, 1833, '34, '38, '40, 

'41, '42, '44, '48, '53, '70, '71, 

'72, '73, '74, '75. 
Wm. Fay, 1835. 
Alvin Janes, 1836. 
Dada Blodget, 1837. 
Robert Andrews, 1837. * * 
Absalom Lombard, 1838. 
Thomas Hubbard, 1839. 
Miner Hall, 1840. 
Solomon Homer, 1841, '46, '51. 
Wm. J. Sherman, 1841, '43, '46, 

'49, '52. 
Wm. Nichols, 1842. 
Joseph D. Browning, 1843. 
Gilman Noyes, 1844. 
Philip G. Hubbard, 1844. 
Harvey Janes, 1845, '47, '67. 
James B. Brown, 1845, '46, '48, 

'53, T^r^, 'm, '57, '58, '60, '61, 

'62, '64. 



362 



APPENDIX. 



Newton S. Hubbanl, 1847, '54, 
'03. 

Warren F. Tai])ell, 1848, '60, '61, 
'()2, '63, '64, '65, 'm, '67, '68, 
'61), '70, '71, '72, '73, '74. 

John W. Bliss, 1840. 

James S. Blair, 1849. 

George I\iffer, 1850. 

Calvin Baker. 1851. 

Orro Parker, 1851. 

Paul W. Paige, 1853, '57, '58. 

Joseph L. Woods, 1854. 

Sumner Parker, 1854. 

David Weld, 1855. 

A.lfred L. Converse, 1855. 

Ansel Holbrook, 1856. 

Thomas J. Morgan, 1857. 



George Bacon, 1858, '59, '60, '61, 

'68, '69, '73. 
Wm. H. Sherman, 1859, '67, '68. 
Lucius C. Fenton, 1859. 
George C. Homer, 1862. 
David W. Janes, 1863, 71. 
Francis D. Lincoln, 1864, '65. 
George Dunham, 1865, '66. 
Calvin B. Brown, 1866. 
Pliny F. Spaulding, 1852, '69. 
John W. Lawrence, 1870. 
Albert S. Prouty, 1872. 
Samuel W. Brown, 1874, '75, '76, 

'77. 
Cheney Newton, 1875, '76. 
George M. Hitchcock, 1876, '77. 
Oscar F. Brown, 1877. 



In the years in which Assessors are not mentioned, the Selectmen 
acted as Assessors. 



TKEASUBERS OF THE TOWN OF BRIMFIELD. 



John Stebbins, 1731. 

Joseph Haynes, 1732, '33, VU, '36. 

Bezaleel Sherman, 1735, '37, '38, 

'30, '40, '41, "42, '43. 
Nathaniel Hitclu'ock, Jr., 1744, 

'45. " 
Nicholas Groves, 1746, '47, '48, 

'49, "50, '51, '52, "53, '54, 'oo, 

'64. 
Joseph Hoar, 1756, '57, '58, '59, 

'GO, '(;i, '62, 'f)3, '70. 
Joseph Hit(dicock, 1765, '66, '67, 

'08, '69. 
Jonathan Charles, 1771, '72, '73, 

'74, '75. 
Aaron Mighell, 1776, '77, '79, '80, 

'81, '82, '83, '84, 'Sry. 
James Morgan, Jr., 1778. 
Jonathan Brown, Jr., 1786, '87, 

'88, '89, '90, '91. 



Abner Morgan, 1792, '93, '94, '95, 

'%, '97, '99, 1800, '1, '2. 
Joseph Moffat, 1798. 
Stephen Pynchon, 1803, '4, '7, '8, 

'9, '10. 
Philemon Warren, 1806, '6. 
Timothy Packard, 1811. 
Ichabod Bliss, 1812, '13. 
Washington Lyon, 1814. 
Jesse Hitchcock, 1816, '16, '17. 
Issachar Brown, Jr., 1818, '19, 

'23, '24, '26. 
Lewis Williams, 1820. 
Marquis Converse, 1821, '22, '30, 

'31, '32, '33, '34. 
Elias Carter, 1826, '27. 
Ebenezer Williams, 1828, '29. 
Cheney Solander, 1836, '36. 
Asa Lincoln, 1837. 
Joseph 1). Browning, 1838. 



APPENDIX. 



363 



John M. Warren, 1839, '40, '41,; John W. Bliss, 1844, '45, '40, '47. 

Alfred L. Converse, 1848 to pres- 
ent time. 



'42. 
Festus Foster, 1843. 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE OF THE TOWN OF BRIMFIELD. 



Joseph Vaille, 1«27, '28, '29, '30, 

'31, '32, '33, '34, '35, '36, '38, 

'39, '40, '41. 
John Wyles, 1827, '2S, '29, '32. 
Cyril R. Brown, 1827, '28, '30, '32, 

'34, '36, '38, '40. 
Alured Hoar, 1827, '28. 
Augustus Janes, 1827, '28. 
Francis B. Stebbins, 1829, '31. 
Lyman Bruce, 1829, '31. 
Seth Dunham, 1829. 
Ebenezer Knight, 1830, '33, '34. 

'35, '39. 
John B. Cooley, 1830. 
John M. Warren, 1830, '35. 
Asa Lincoln, 1831, '32, '35, '39, 

'50, '51, '52. 
Lewis Williams, 1831, '37. 
Abraham Charles, 1832, '49. 
Abner Brown, 1833, '36, '38, '40. 
Festus Foster, 1833, '34, '36, '38. 
M. M. Powers, 1833. 
Julius Burt, 1834, '37. 
Philip G. Hubbard, 1836. 
Joseph Fuller, 1837. 
Abner Hitchcock, 1838. 
Alvin Janes, 1839. 
Solomon Homer, 1839. 
Parsons Allen, 1841. 



John Paine, Jr., 1841, '42. 
George C. Partridge, 1842, '43, 

'44, '45. 
Oilman Noyes, 1842. 
James B. Brown, 1846, '47, '49, 

'54, '57, '58, '59. 
Henry F. Brown, 1846, '73 to '76. 
Joseph L. Woods, 1846, '47, '53, 

'60 to '74, '7(; to '79. 
Warren F. Tarbell, 1847, '53, '54, 

'64 to '75. 
Newton S. Hubbard, 1848, '51, 

'53, '54, 'l}5y '62 to '70. 
Francis D. Lincoln, 1848, '61 to 

'64. 
Samuel W. Brown, 1847. 
J. L. Upham, 1849. 
Jason Morse, 1850, '51, '52, '55 to 

'60. 
Harvey Janes, 1850. 
Henry E. Hitchcock, 1852. 
David F. Parker, 1856. 
Marcus Hall, 1856. 
Edwin B. Allen, 1858. 
James Reed Brown, 1859 to '63. 
E. B. Weld, 1863 to '69. 
Ellen P. Shaw, 1874 to '77. 
Webster K. Pierce, 1875 to '78. 
E. W. Norwood, 1877 to '80. 



DELEGATES TO PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 

Timothy Danielson to Concord, 1774. 

" '' to Watertown, 1775-6. 

DELEGATES TO CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS. 



Timothy Danielson, 1779. 
John Wyles, 1820. 



Abner Morgan, 1787. 
Parsons Allen, 1853. 



364 APPENDIX. 

COLLEGE GRADUATES. 

In the following list will bo found the names of all natives of the 
town who have had a liberal education, with the name of the College 
and the date of gra<luation, and also the occupation, as far as known, 
followed in after life. 

Timothy Daniolson, Yale, 1756. 

Stephen Pynchon, Lawyer, Yale, 1789. 

Abner Morgan, Lawyer, Ilaraard, 1773. 

Samuel Hitchock, Lawyer, Harvard, 1777. 

Jonathan Morgan, Lawyer, Brown University, 1803. 

Jesse Bliss, Lawyer, Dartmouth, 1808. 

Ebenezer Brown, Clergyman, Yale, 1813. 

John Grovesnor Tarbell, Clergyman, Harvard, 1820. 

William S. Eaton, West Point Military Academy, 1824. 

Nathaniel J. Eaton, West Point Military Academy, 1827. 

Erasmus D. Keyes, West Point Military Academy. 

Edward E. Pynchon, Teacher, Yale, 1825. 

I^eyton R. ^Morgan, Lawyer, Yale. 

Harvey Blodgett, Clergyman, Amherst, 1829. 

George Hubbard, Physician, Amherst, 1829. 

Fisher A. Foster, Lawyer, Wesley an University, 1834. 

John W. Foster, Lawyer, Wesley an University. 

William H. Gardner, Physician, Wesleyan University. 

Timothy D. Lincoln, Lawyer, Wesleyan University, 1838. 

Edwin 0. Carter, Yale, 1837. 

Ambrose N. Hitchcock, Teacher, Yale, 1840. 

Henry L. Bliss, Williams. 

Thomas E. Bliss, Clergyman, Union, N. Y. 

Ambrose N. Merrick, Lawyer, Williams, 1850. 

John Hubbard, Dartmouth, 1841. 

Oscar B. Parker (died before graduating), AmJverst. 

William K. Vaill; Clergyman, Amherst. 

Henry M. Vaill, Clergyman, Amherst, 1859. 

William Bnulford Homer, Lawyer, Amherst, 1871. 

David A. Shaw, Teacher, Amherst, 1871. 

POPULATION AND VALUATION. 

From the first census taken, 1771, it appears that there were, 1771, 
230 polls, 146 dwelling-houses, 8 mills, 5 shops, 143 horses, 478 cows, 
25C oxen, 342 swine, 856 acres in tillage, 1,249 acres raising 823 



APPENDIX. 



365 



tons English grass, 535 acres fresli meadow, producing 490 tons, a 
total valuation (in 1770, Vol. 130 : 409, 421, at the State House,) of 
d67,481, 8s. Only two had money at interest, Simeon Hubbard, £60, 
Samuel Nichols, £30. Timothy Danielson had a stock of merchan- 
dise valued at £100, and James Bridgham, Esq., £300. There were 
only two " servants for life," i, e. slaves ; one each owned by Aaron 
Charles and Thomas Bliss. These two had the same value, £16, put 
upon their real estate as its annual worth. The only value larger 
than this was £17, Samuel Nicholls. He owned £132 estimated 
value, while the real estate in 1770 of Abraham Charles was valued at 
iei02, Aaron Charles, £140, Jonathan Charles, £261. 

POPULATION AND VALUATION. 



TKAR. 


POPULATION. 


VALUATION. 


1764 


773 


a 8. d. 


1770 




♦7,841 08 00 


1770 


1,064 




1784 




♦1,853 18 6 


1790 


1,211 


♦2,600 2 11 


1800 


1,384 


♦$10,235 57 


1810 


1,325 


♦12.639 04 


1820 


1,612 


♦18,314 28 


1830 


1,599 


403,732 00 



YEAR. 



1840 
1850 
18.55 

1860 
1865 
1870 
1875 

1877 



POPULATION. 



1,419 
1,420 
1,343 

1,363 
1,316 
1,288 
1,201 
1,201 



VALUATION. 

$443,4 10 00 
672,008 00 
627,700 00 

700,972 00 
719,750 00 
676,940 00 
567,200 00 
482,560 00 



'From the office of Secretary of State, and supposed to be six per cent, of tlie 
actual Taluation. 



GENEALOGY. 



-••«- 



Mention liiis been made of some families'of the first settlers, whose 
descendants still occupy the land that was reclaimed from its original 
wildness by ancestors bearing the same family name. Brief allusions 
that have been made to others of the family, who have removed to 
other localities, have shown that 

" Full many a son 
Among the worthiest of our land, looks back 
Through Time's long vista, and exulting claims 
These as their sires." 

There have been others, who have become residents of the town in 
more recent periods of its history, who have been prominent citizens, 
and whose children either here or elsewhere are now filling well their 
places in life. Not to gratify a vanity that, by its overweening pride 
of birth, gives rise to the satirical remark, that " such persons resem- 
ble potato vines, whose best part is under ground," but to encourage 
laudable attempts to know more of one's ancestry, the following brief 
genealogical sketches have been prepared. It has not been thought 
expedient to trace out the families settled in Monson, Wales, and Hol- 
land. Of the original grantees, John Atchinson, George Col ton, 
Obadiah Cooley, Mark Ferry, John Keep, Daniel Killam, Samuel 
Kilborn, Samuel King, Benjamin Munn, Robert Old, settled in the 
present territory of Monson. They came from the Connecticut River 
towns. Those who settled in Holland came largely from Woodstock, 
bearing the names of Belnap, Bishop, Janes, Wallis, Webber. Wales 
was the location chosen by the families of Bullen, Davis, Fenton, 
Gardner, Green, Moulton, Munger, Needham, Nelson. 

In the following sketches brevity and accuracy have been the object 
sought, rather than fullness of detail. It is a matter of regret that 
the limited time allowed did not admit of the information that can be 
obtained only by years of i>atient research. 

Samuel Allen, one of the original proprietors, probably removed to 
Palmer, then Kingslield. In 1742, he deeded his property in Brimfield 
to Ilia daughter. Savage says that (I) Edward Allen came from Scot 



GENEALOGY. 367 

land (?) about 1636 ; removed to Suffield ; had 15 (?) sons and 4 daugh- 
ters. The names of 7 are given, and Savage adds that Samuel is sup- 
posed to have gone to New Jersey. Samuel Allen of Brimfield, by 
his wife Mary, had son Samuel, born Sept. 8, 1753. Samuel Allen's 
name is on the roll of Capt. Davis's company in the expedition against 
Crown Point, 1756 ; is entered as born in Northampton, and Oct. 11, 
reported as dead. Daniel Allen, on the same list, was born in Pom- 
fret. 

The Allen family of East Brimfield, came from Sturbridge to this 
town. James Allen, the progenitor of this family, came from Eng- 
land in 1639. He settled in Dedham and lived there ten years. In 
1649, he was one of a company that formed a new settlement in the 
western part of the town on the Charles River meadows. This natu- 
ral feature of the locality was the origin of the name Medfield, under 
which designation the new settlement was incorporated as a town in 
1650. 

1. ALLEN, James and Anna, his wife, lived and died in Med- 
field. They had 9 children. 

CA. : John. Martha. 

James. Mary. 

Nathaniel. Sarah. 

William. Joseph. 
Benjamin. 

2. Joskph", b. June 24, 1C52 ; m. Hannah Sabin of Seekonk, and 

had 12 children. 

CK : Joseph, Dec. 19, 1676. Jeremiah, 1690. 

Hannah, 1679. Hezekiah, 1692. 

Daniel, 1681. Abigail, 1694. 

David, 1688. Nehemiah, bap. May 21, 1699. 

Noah, April 21, 1686. Thankful. 

Eliezer, 1688. Mary. 

3. Nbhemiah'*^, baptised May 21, 1699 ; moved to New Medfield, 
now Sturbridge, about 1736. He had 9 children. 

C%. : Bliphalet, about 1728. David. 

Nehemiah, about 1780. Timothy. 

John, about 1782. Abigail, Dec. 23, 1741. 

Jacob, Feb. 24, 1784. Abner, about 1743. 

Abel, March 8, 1786. 

4. liXKi}^ b. March 3, 1736; d. 1820; m. Jcrusha ; had 5 children. 
CA. : Abd, March 80, 1767. Jerusha, Sept. 11, 1775 ; married James 

Lynn ; died 1866. 

Alfired, April 24, 1768. Esther, Oct. 2, 1784 ; married Capt. Free- 

land Wallis. 

Ezra, Sept. 6, 1778. 



31)8 GBKEALOGT. 

■5. Ai.FKKD, ». of Aiid, li. April 24,1768; m. Lucebia Balli 
IT'Jl. 

Ch. : Auiiuatii, Feb. 2(, 17'J8 ; m. N. C. Etiber LnceUa, S«pt 9, 1810 ; m. J 
Martin nfMilicin. Cortiu of LoDiBtille, Ejr^ Ang 

OrfiliK, No*. ■27, 1795. 1886. 

riiii.v, Kfb. IK, r.W. Norman Waldo, Oct 9, 1812; d. 1 

Pamm,, Feb. 16, IH02. 23, 1616. 

niicne; Dalian), Sept. 3, 1806. 

(>. l'AB80;j.t, s. of Alfred; in. Lucy Brown Not. 18, 1829; shf 
July 6, 1871. 

Ch. : Etlwin Bmvrn, June 29, 18S1. George Gilraan, Jbd. 18, 1840. 

Dwifflit Parxins, April 22, 1832. 

7. l^uwiN I)., M. uf I'urMons ; m. Salina Fulk-r. 
(,'*. : Ilarlnn I'r.-won. Nov. 11, 1865. 

8. DwroHT p., 8. of Parsons; m. Salina Alltm Nov. 29, 1860; i 
.1. U,E. 6. ISGl; [2) m. Josepliiiic L. Shaw Nov. 23, 1864. 

CA : Waldo B-, Jan, lU, ISdi. Edwin B., Jply 18, 1876. 

'.I. Elijah, s. of Eliplialet, I>. April 10, 1765, d. April 19, 18- 
in, L.-tticf Ilil.li.ock April 14, 1791. 
fh. : Ilaiinali, July 26, IT'Jl. Harriet. Adr. 1, 1798. 

TA-niiiel and Sanders, twini, April 14, Elijah, Jan. 9, 1800; d. Jutie 26, ISK 
17% 

10. Sasdkks ; ni. Jiiditli Boyd June 15, 1817. 

Ch.: Kmil>',J>in.'i''<, 1H'20; m. Jotepli 1.. GeurHs S., Aug. 1, 1827. 
W(H)cls Jiir]« -27. 1843. Henry A., Feb. 6, 1836. 

Elijnli, Srpt. 17, 18:^2. 

11. Lemuki-, I.. April 11, 1790; d. Dec. 5, 1867 ; ni. Elvira Bi 
Ji.n. ISliO ; «lii- <1. Aug. 26, 18:U ; (2) Lutliera W. Woo<l8 May 1. 18 
Ch. : CHroliiiB K., May Ittt, 1821 ; ni. Elvira M., March 12, 1B86 ; tn. Will 

Ci-iirtie I. Dlixt Ucl. 10, 1843. L. Btackmer July 2. 1866. 

(His N., Dei-, lit. IHil ; d. Oct. 3. 1866, Merrick W., Feb, 27, 1887. 
Marsenn B., Aug. 6, 1828 ; d Ort 7, 1804. 

lli. t:i.i.PAii, s. of San.IiT^; in, Suri.li E. Woo-Is; she .1. Si-pt. 
1856; (2) UrMilii Mi^Fiirlaiid July 18, 1858. 
Vh. : MarolHkll S., Miiy 3, 181)7. 

i:i. tiKOKHK S., s. of Rjinders; m. Sarah Jane Blaahfield Oct 
lifnS; she d. July 29, 1870. 
Ch. : Ciinrlea Simmer, .Ian. 18, 1803, 

14. IIknky A., s. ..r Siind.-r,^ ; ni. I'h.be Warren May 4, 1859. 
CA. : Jusie A., April Iti, 18(>0. 

1. ANDREWS, Col. Robkbt, second 9. of Robert, Jr., of Wa 
h. Mai-ch 20, 1785; a. Auc, 2.'., 1870; m. Lucy Mecdham of Wa 
Oct. 19, 1808. She was Lorn Aug. 11, 171K) ; d. April 30, 11 
Th.'lrclilMreii horn at Briuilield, 



GENEALOGY. 369 

Ch,i Warren, Aug. 1?, 1809; d. Ang, 6, Martha and Mary, twins, Dec. 18, 1818. 

1814. Martha d. March 17, 1819. Mary d. 

Abigail Needhara, Deo. 18, 1810 ; m. March 19, 1819. 

Orre Parker Marcli 29, 1831. Miner, Aug 6, 1820. 

Eunice, Sept. 21, 1813 ; m. John S Fos- Lucy S., Nov. 4, 1824 ; m James F. Par- 
dick Sept. 21. 1841. ker, Nov. 25, 1850. 

Horatio, July 15, 1815; d Nov. 15, 1815. Sarah A., Aug. 81, 1829; m. Benjamin 

Austin, Feb. 9, 1817. G. Webster, Oct. 10, 1849. 

Charles, March 19. 1833. 

2. Austin, third s. of Col. Robert ; m. Lorana Bonney Feb. 18, 
1845. 

Ch.i Abbie Lorain, Feb. 20, 1846; m. Fred Grant, Dec. 12, 1852. 

Alanson Andrews, Jr., Nov. 25, 1808. Willie C, June 10, 1857 ; d. June 26, 

Charles W., Feb. 29, 1848; d. .May 19, 1857. 

1859. 

3. Miner, fourth s. of Col. Robert ; in. Sarah E. Janes Oct. 10, 

1845 ; she d. April 11, 1847. 
Ch, : Frank M., July 4, 1846 ; d. Aug. 5, 
1848. 

(2) m. Oct. 16, 1849, Caroline A. Hall. 
Ck. : Charles M., Dec. 20, 1850. Carrie G., March 16, 1862. 

4. Charles, fifth son of Col. Robert ; m. Harriet Brown Nov. 29, 

1856 

Ch. : Lizzie J.. Jan. 24, 1858. Nellie B., Dec. 17, 1865. 

1. BACON, James, removed from Dudley to Brimfield soon after 
his marriage. He was a soldier in the Revolution. He married Mar- 
tha Jewell, March 3, 1760. 

Ch,: Mary, Feb. 17, 1761 ; m. Thoma8 Hannah, June 9, 1769; m. Gardner Wy- 
Lumbard; d. Dec. 29, 1791. man Nov. 19. 1789. 

Martha, June 28. 1762; d. Sept., 1775. John, Aug. 30, 1771 ; d. Sept., 1776. 

Abigail, Sept. 10, 1764; m. Abner Steb- Chloe, March 19, 1774; d. Sept., 1775. 

bins. Amasa, June 13, 1776. 

Sarah. April 17, 1766; m. Gideon Luni- Patience, April 9, 1779. 

bard Feb. 1, 1786. Cynthia, April 13, 1781; m. Samuel 

James, May 23, 1768 ; d. Nov., 1768. Nichols Oct. 2, 1800. 

2. Amasa, s. of James, b. June 13, 177C; d. June 10, 1855; m. 
Hannah Dodge, b. April 9, 177G, d. Aug 2, 1854. 

Ch. I Rufus Freeman, Sept. 2, 1800. Clarissa, Oct. 3, 1811 ; m. Roswell Fos- 

Lucy Ue, Feb. 11, 1802; d. Dec. 15, ket. 

1805. Liberty. Aug. 23, 1812. 
Sarah, Sept. 14, 1803; m. Andrew P. Maria, Feb. 18, 1816; m Estes Bond of 

FitU of Leicester, June 16, 1833. Sturbridge ; (2) Henry Towne of Bel- 
James, Sept. 5, 1805. chertown. 

George, May 23, 1807. Fanny, Aug. 23, 1819 ; d. Sept 26, 1821. 

Almira, July 10, 1809; m. John W. Diana, June 9, 1821; m. Frederic S. 

Baker of Uzbridge, March 1, 1882. Pike, Feb. 23, 1842. 
47 



370 GENEALOGY. 

3. George, s. of Amasa, m. Eunice Lumbard Dec. 25, 1831 ; she 
(1. Aug. 2, 1832; m. (2) Mary E. Ferry Sept. 24, 1834; she d. Oct. 25, 
18G2. 

CL: George Norval, July 29, 1835. Mary Fisher, March 1, 1851; m. Seth 

John Flavel, Feb. 9, 1839 ; d. Sept. 14, W. Smith April 12, 1876. 

1862. Alice Maud, Feb. 8, 1858. 
Albert Sherman. Jan. 17, 1844. 

4. Albert, s of Geoi ge, m. Cynthia Leonard Oct. 6, 1867. 
Ch. : Fanny Gertrude, July 19, 1808. Clarence Norval, Dec. 4, 1872. 
George A., Aug. 27,1809. Ruth Amy. 

1. BAKER, Joseph, b. June, 1773; d. Dec. 29, 1839; m. Aug. 
31, 1794, Hannah Janes, b. March, 1770, d. May 6, 1847 ; rem. from 
Holland to Brimfield, April, 1809. • • 

Ch.: Elvira, May 25, 1795; m. I^muel Lovina, Feb. 7, 1806 ; m. Backus Henry 

Allen Jan., 1820; d. Aug. 26, 1881. of Farmersville, N. Y., May 6, 1829; 

Bet«ey, March 7, 1797 ; m. Daniel llodg- d. May 2. 1847. 

eg of Warren, May 5, 1819 ; d. Oct. 12, Calvin Baker, Sept. 20, 1809. 

1819. Joseph C. Baker, Oct 6, 1811. 

Lovina, May 29, 1799 ; d. Nov. 20, 1801. Olive Baker, Aug. 8, 1814 ; m. John W. 

Marsena Baker, Nov. 8, 1803; d. March Browning May 22, 1889; d. Nov. 5, 

14, 1859. 1856. 

2. Calvix, s. of Joseph, b. Sept. 20, 1809 ; d. Jan. 4, 1873 ; m. 
Olive H. Draper Jan. 17, 1839. 

Ch.: Olive A., May 9, 1840; d. May 8, Ida A., April 9, 1848; m. Alfred T. 

1856. Hartshorn May 81, 1870: (2) Eugene 

Joseph G., Feb. 10, 1842. F. Hartshorn, April 15, 1876. 

Moses H., Feb. 18. 1844. M. Lovina, July 7, 1851. 

Ella A., May 18, 1840; m. H. DeUncy Alice L., Nov. 5, 1854; m. E. Edgar 

Smith Oct. 5, 1870. Pike. Aug. 6, 1878. 

1. BLAIR, Oliver, s. of James Blair, b. at Warren, March 19, 
1773 ; d. Kov. 16, 1850; ra. Jan. 26, 1796, Emma Hoar, b. March 8, 
1775, d. Oct. 24, 18G0. 

Ch. : Oliver Watson, April 2, 1797. Eliza, Oct., 1805; m. Calvin Bishop of 

Mary, Feb. 22, 1799; m. Cyril U. Brown Verona, N. Y., Aug. 12, 1880. 

June 14, 1821. Harriet, Sept., 1807 ; d. Jan., 1809. 

Emma, Aug. 8, 1800 ; m Theodore Mil- Sarah Ann, March 1, 1811 ; m. Grores- 

ler of New Hartford, N. Y., Feb 14, nor Merrick of Monson, Nor., 1838. 

1823. Amos. June 20, 1818 ; d. Feb., 1817. 

Eliza, Feb., 1802; d. Sept.. 1804. Joseph Hoar, May 6, 1816; d. OcL 17, 

Harriet, Oct., 1803 ; d. Sept., 1804. 1886. 

James Sullivan, Sept 2,9. 

2. Oliver W., s. of Oliver, b. April 2, 1797; d. Jan. 15, 1875; 

ra. Duniarus Tarbell Juno 30, ; she d. Sept. 12, 1839; (2) m. 

Emily Peckliam, June. 1846. 

Ch.: Jane Caroline, Sept. 8, 1835. Charles Rathburn Sept. 8, 1802. 



GENEALOGY. 371 

3. James S., son of Oliver, b. Sept. 2, 1819 ; m. Sept. 17, 1845, 
Sarah C. Fiske, b. Jan. 21, 1821. 
Ch.'. K]izabethS.,Oct.28, 1848; d. Nov. Jennie E., July 15, 1850; m. Willie 8. 

17, 1877. Buxton Sept. 27, 1876. 

IHE BLISS FAMILY. 

The Bliss Family came from Longmeadow to Brimfield, though the 
first of the family in New England, Thomas and Margaret, settled in 
Braintree, Mass. They are reported to have been great friends of Ol- 
iver Cromwell, after whom one or more of their grandsons were named. 
Leaving Braintree as early as 1C36, with others seeking a new plan- 
tation, they journeyed through the wilderness living upon wild berries 
and the milk of their cows, until they reached the sight of the present 
beautiful City of Hartford. There the father died. Two of his sons 
joined a company that settled at Springfield. The family motto, 
^^ Semper Sursuniy^ "Always Upward,'' indicates the determination of 
the family always to be found in the best company, and many of the 
numerous descendants of Thomas Bliss are now to be found in impor- 
tant and responsible positions. Of the symbolism of the coat of arms 
it is said that " the lilies of France indicate marriage with some noble 
old French Huguenot family. The mountain peaks within the cross, 
that the family came originally from the mountains of Wales." (Mss. 
letter of Kev. T. E. Bliss.) 

Thomas Bliss, son of Ichabod Bliss, who was the first of the name 
in Brimfield, was one of the few in Brimfield who owned negro slaves. 

Thomas Bliss was the first to introduce potatoes. His first crop 
was six bushels, but what to do with so many he could not tell. Pre- 
vious to this time, the English turnip occupied on the table the place 
now accorded to the potato. 

Thomas Bliss owned a farm of 600 acres on Tower Hill, which he 
divided between three of his sons, Aaron, Thomas and Timothy. 

Oct. 10, 1732, Thomas Bliss, Sr., of Springfield, yeoman, deeds to 
his son Ichabod Bliss of Brimfield, 40 acres on Town Plot Hill, n. by 
land of Daniel Hubbard, s. by land of Nathan Hitchcock, purchased 
of Daniel Lumbard, May 25, 1722. April 5, 1722, Thomas Bliss 
bought of Deliverance Brooks 40 acres on Tower Hill and all accruing 
rights. Samuel Bliss, whose name appears as one of the original pro- 
prietors, was the ancestor of the Warren families, of Hopkins Bliss 
and others. 

1. BLISS, Ichabod, s. of Thomas, b. at Springfield, Dec. 19, 
1705; d. Aug. 16, 1766; m. Mehi table Stebbins of Springfield, Jan. 
15, 1733-34. 



372 GENEALOGY. 

CA. : Sarab, June 21, 173C; m. John Margaret, Dec. 6, 1740 ; m. Joseph Mof 

Moore of Union, Cl fat June 3, 1762. 

Mehitable, Jan., 17.S8; m. Thomas Thomas, Oct. 26, 1742. 

Moore of Union, Ct. John, July 26, 1747. 

Eunice, May 6, 1746; d. Sept. 6, 17o7. 

2. Thomas, s. of Ichabod, b. Oct. 26, 1742; m. Sarah King of 
Palmer, April 25. 1765; d. Aug. 15, 1806. 

Ch.i Aaron, June 11, 1766. Sarah, July 25, 1779 ; d. March, 1846. 

Ichabod, Feb 6,1768. Mehitable, Oct. 80, 1781; m. Thomas 
Eunice, Jan. 7, 1770 ; d. Nov. 6, 1772. Dearth. 

Margaret, March 5, 1773; m. Henry Fair- Timothy, Nov. 4, 1783. 

banks. Jesse, Nov. 23, 1 785. 

Matilda, May 14, 1775; m. Amos Wat- Levi, April 23, 1788. 

son of Brookfield. Mary, Nov. 26, 1791 ; m. Alban James. 
Tliomas, Mar 13, 1777. 

3. Jonx, s. of Ichabod, b. July 26, 1747; d. July 18, 1782; m. 

Esther Wales Nov. 25, 1774. 
Ch. : John, Sept. 8, 1775. 

4. Aaron, s. of Thomas 2d, b. Juno 11, 1766; d. March 11, 1848 ; 
m. liachel Fowler Jan. 19, 1792. 

5. IcHAiiOD, 8. of Thomas 2d, b. Feb. 6, 1768; d. Oct. 20, 1835; 
m. Thirza McCall ; she d. Mav 6, 1804. 

Ch : Lucy, Nov. 10, 1795; m. John Thirza Williams, June 4, 1800; id. Dr. 

Dunbar. Ef)enezer Knight, Sept. 24, 1818. 

Eunice, Jan. 8, 1798; d. Jan. 12, 1815. Ruth, Sept. 1, 1802; m. Alured Homer 

Nov. 28, 1822. 

M. (2) Rebecca Holbrook ; she d. Oct. 17, 1864. 
Ch. : Joiin H , July 13, 1807. Mary Madelia, Oct. 26, 1814 ; ro. W. N. 

Sarah, Feb. 10, 1809 ; d. Oct. 30, 1873 Sherman April 26, 1834. 

Ichabod, Sept. 27, 1810 ; d. Feb. 23, 1811. George I., Dec. 27, 1816 
Rebecca C, May 4, 1812. Tliomas K., March 6, 1819. 

6. Thomas, s. of Thomas 2d, b. March 13, 1777 ; d. Dec, 1841 ; 
m. Asenath ]*helps. 

Ch.: Mary Diana, March 28, 1815; m. Harriet, Sept. 28, 1820; m. Henry A. 

Wni A. Downing Sept. 29. 1839. Richanlson May 17, 1842. 

Delia Phelps, Jan. 30, 1817; m. J. Q A. Asenath, April 2. 1822; m. Nathaniel 

Peirce April 9, 1810 ; d. May 24, 1848. A. Boynton, Sept. 8, 1846 ; d. July 10, 

Charles Piielps, Sept. 10, 1818; d. Jan. \i^[>A. 

16, 1837. Thomas Eliakim, Nov. 25, 1824. 

7. Timothy, s, of Thomas 2d, b. Nov. 4, 1783 ; d. Dec. 31, 1862; 

m. Margaret McDonald ; she <1. June (5, 1838 ; (2) m. Susan Tyler, 

April if, 1839. 

Ch : Aaron, Jan. 20, 1814. Margaret, Sept. 30, 1820; m. Henry 

Wiiiiani, Oct. 27, 1810. Moseley. 

Timothy, Nov. 6, 1818; d. Aujr 2, 1844. 

8. Jesse, s. of Thomas 2d, b. Nov. 23, 1785; d. Aug. 25, 1853; 



GENEALOGY. 373 

m. Mary Penniman Sept. 2, 1818 ; (2) m. Caroline P. F. Wlieelock 

Jan. 18, 1838. 

Ch. : Henry Penniman, Feb. 1, 1820. Abby Jane, Dec. 2, 1827. 

Mary Ann, Auf?. 1, 1821. Elias, Feb. 16, 1880. 

Edward, Aug. 21, 1823. Sarah, Aug. 25,^1882; m. Jabez Howe. 

Sy Ivanus Jenks, Oct. 22, 1825 ; a Lieut. Caroline Field, Jan. 28. 1887. 

in the Navy ; lost at sea ; vessel in 

which he last sailed was never heard 

from. 

9. Levi, s. of Thomas 2d, b. April 23, 1788 ; d. July 25, 1856 ; 
m. Rebecca Hinkley Bond ; she d. March 7, 1871. 

Ch.: Martha Hinkley, Jan. 81, 1825 ; m. Henry L., March, 1832; graduated at 
Wm. C. Janes Oct. 19, 1858 ; d. Dec. Williams College. 
11, 1872. William K., Dec. 29, 1886; d. on voy- 

Solomon Bond, April 17, 1828. age home from Para, Brazil, Nov. 16, 1864. 

Edward, June 17, 1830. 

10. John, s. of John 1st, b. Sept. 8, 1775; d. June 28, 1804; 

m. Ruby Porter. 

Ch. : John Wales, July 20, 1802. 

11. John Wales, s. of John 2d, b. July 20, 1802; d. July 29, 

1876; m. Eliza C. Bond May 4, 1826. 

C'A. ; John Porter, Feb. 25, 1829. Ann Elizalieth, Aug. 6, 1834 ; m. J. C. 

Charles, Dec. 11, 1830. Bridgman May 22, 1866. 

12. John H., s. of Ichabod 2d, b. July 13, 1807; m. Lutina S. 

Plympton, 1834 ; m. (2) Margaret Parks Dec. 14, 1867. 
Ch. : Frances K., Oct. 4, 1835. Helen F., July 16, 1842. 

Frances M., June 16. 1837. John Edgar, Sept. 4, 1844. 

Amelia Ann, Jan. 18. 1839. Gertrude A., Jan. 26, 1847. 

Josephine S., March 18. 1840. 

13. George Ichabod, s. of Ichabod 2d, b. Dec. 27, 1816; m. Car- 
oline E. Allen Oct. 10, 1834. 

Ch : Charles L., March 9, 1852. 

14. Kev. Thomas E., D. D., s. of Thomas 3d, b. Nov. 25, 1824; 
a graduate of Union College in 1848, and Andover Theological Semi- 
nary in 1851 ; was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church in 
North Middleboro, Mass., June 2, 1852 ; was pastor for over six years 
afterwards at Blackstone, Mass. ; organized, in 1862, the Congrega- 
tional Church at Hancock, Mich. ; at Memphis, Tenn., in 1864, and 
remained pastor there for over six years ; was called to be pastor in 
Denver, Col., in 1871, and is now pastor of the St. Paul's Presbyterian 
Church in the last named place; m. Lucinda H. Crane June 16, 

1852. 

Ch. : Catharine Crane, May 2, 1864 ; m. Adeline Phelps, July 14, 1869 ; d. Jan. 

Shepherd Goodwin Patrick Sept. 13, 7, 1863. 

1877. 



374 GENEALOGY. 

M. (2) Fiances Rowley May 31, 1865. 
Ch, : Alice Blake, Aiijf. 25, 1866. Sarah Frances, Sept. 13, 1871. 

Hattie Belle, May 9, 1868. 

15. Aakok, s. of Timothy, b. Jan. 20, 1814; m. Almeda Vincent 
July 4, 1837. 

Ch.i Martha, April 12, 1888; m. Rev. Champion, Nov. 11, 1843; d. July 20, 

Samuel T. Dickinson March 16, 1870 ; 1845. 

d. June 9, 1872. Albert A., Jan. 14, 1847; d. July 20. 

Harriet M., Feb. 5, 1840. 1854. 

Marion M., April 27, 1842 ; m. C. Walter Orville J., May 17, 1849. 

Brown April 9, 1863. 

16. William, s. of Timothy, b. Oct. 27, 1816 ; m. F. M. Vincent 

Sept. 8, 1841. 

Ch. : Frank T., Sept. 22, 1844. Emilie M., June 16, 1849. 

Charles W.. Jan. 81, 1846. Mary L., Feb. 10. 1856. 

17. Henry P., s. of Jesse, b. Feb. 1, 1820; m. Hannah L. War- 
ren IMay 13, 1845 

Ch. : I>aura Warren, Jan. 55, 1846. E<lwanl Henry, July 21, 1847; d. June 

5, 1848. 

M. (2) Delia Maria Warren Feb. 16, 1850 ; she d. Feb. 23, 1878. 
Ch,: Edward Penninian, Dec. 4, 1850; Delia Frances, March 7, 1854. 

a graduate of Harvard College. Mary Emma, Feb. 8, 1856. 

Harriet Maria, Aug. 25, 1852. Henry Warren, Sept. 20, 1861. 

18. Solomon Bond,*8. of Levi, b. April 17, 1828 ; m. Frances E. 

Mason Aug. 12, 1850. 

Ch. : Caroline R., April 21. 1853; ra, Louisa W., Aug. 21, 1857; d. Dec. 21, 

Fred M. Luther May 19, 1875; d. Feb. 1868. 

18, 1876. Walter B., Nov. 12, 1862. 

19. Edward, s. of Levi, b. June 17, 1830 ; m. Ellen A. Charles 
June 4, 1872. 

Ch. : Florence Charles, March 23, 1877. 

20. John Portek, s. of John Wales, b. July 20, 1802; m. Ami 
Eliza Meekum Dec. 28, 1851. 

Ch. : John Webster, April 23, 1853. Alvira Evarts, Sept 16, 186a 

George Edwards, Dec. 15, 1855. Willie Stanley, June 10, 1861. 

21. John Edgar, s. of John H., b. Sept. 2, 1844; m. Lucinda 

Willard Dec. 25, 1868. 

Ch. : Mabel Lutina, Jan. 25, 1871. Willard Holbrook, May 21, 1876. 

22. Charles L., s. of Geo. I., b. March 9, 1852; m. Lucy V. 

Harris Oct. 1, 1874. 

Ch : Norman K., July 14, 1870. 

23. Orville Justus, s. of Aaron, b. May 17, 1849; d. April 9, 
1875; graduated at Yale College; m. Ella Kankin April 9, 1875. '* 



GENEALOGY. , 375 

THE BROWN FAMILY. 

1. BROWN, Jonathan, removed from Salem or Beverly to Brim- 
field about 1739; d. Sept. 26, 1799; m. Abigail Russell Sept. 10, 

1741 ; she d. April 23, 1803. 

'CA.: Abigail, May 20, 1742; m. Reubeo John, Feb. 19, 1765. 

Hoar June 16, 1763. Mary, April 12, 1757. 

Jonathan, March 16, 1744. Eunice and Hepzibah, March 26, 1769; 

Issachar, Oct. 23, 1745. Eunice m. Ozem Blasbfield Jan. 4, 

Sarah, Jan. 15, 1747 ; m. Jabez Nichuls. 1781 ; she d. May 6, 1790 ; Hepsibah 

Archelas, Jan. 2, 1750. m. Solomon Blodget Sept. 19, 1782. 

Bartholomew, July 8, 1762. Aphia, Sept. 11, 1762. 

2. Jonathan, Jk., b. March 16, 1744; d. March 14,1813; m. 
Priscilla Smith, May 16, 1768; m. (2) Mrs. Abigail (Dunbar) Sar- 
gent i^int) March 24, 1779; she d. March 4, 1809; m. (3) Mrs Sarah 

(King) Bliss November 30, 1809. 

Ch. : Nicanor, Dec. 2, 1768. Betsey, , 1780; d. July 24, 1858. 

Candace, Not. 80, 1770; m. Benjamin Jonathan, Jan. 4, 1782. 

Sherman Nov. 29, 1792. William, Oct. 14. 1784. 

Bathsheba, June 12, 1778; d. March 18, James, , 1786. 

1787. 

3.. Deacon Issachar, s. of Jonathan, b. Oct. 23,1745; d. June 
21, 1836; m. Rhoda Nichols Nov. 16, 1769; b. April 7, 1750; d. Dec. 
24, 1836. 

Ch.\ Issachar, May 20, 1770. Abner, June 2, 17"^5. 

Khoda, Sept. 5, 1778; m. Simon Coye; 
d. Oct. 27, 1846. 

4. Arohelaus, 8. of Jonathan, b. Jan. 2, 1750; d. Jan. 25, 1816; 

m. Sarah Blachmer; she d. Jan. 27, 1816. 

Ch. : Archelaus, Dec. 17, 1776. Rosel, June 26. 1782. 

Orrin, April 5, 1778. Im. M«y 24, 1784. 

Jemima, July 6, 1780. Daughter, Aug. 27 ; d. Oct. 7, 1801. 

5. Bartholomew, s. of Jonathan, b. July 3, 1752 ; d. Nov. 21, 

1829; m- Lucy ; she d. Jan. 29, 1816. 

Ch : Samnel, Feb. 19, 1779. Lucy, Feb. 9, 1785. 

Polly, March 14, 1781. Ebenezer, July 17, 1788. 

Bartholomew, Feb. 1, 1783. Dauphin, Nov. 9, 1791. 

6. Jonathan, s. of Jonathan Jr., b. Jan. 4, 1782 ; d. May 23, 1865 ; 
m. Lucretia Bugbee, Oct. 4, 1810 ; she d. Sept. 11, 1849. 

CA,: Jamea Henry, Aug. 19, 1811. Lucretia, Jan. 20, 1823; d. Aug. 28, 

Elizabeth, Jan. 20. 1814. 1826. 

Laum, Feb. 7. 1816. Charles Austin, Feb. 8, 1826. 

Seraph, May 26, 1818; m. Hiram Hay- Joseph Parsons, Sept. 1, 1828. 
ward Not. 18, 1840. George Bemis, Sept. 15, 1831. 



.-O 



376 GENEALOGY. 

7. William, s. of Jonatliiin, Jr., b. Oct. 14, 1784 ; d. Oct. 16. 
1862; m. Abigail .Sunnier; t^lie d. May 18, 1817; in. (2) Hannah G. 
Johnson. 
Ch.; Abigail Dunbar, May C, 1813; m. William Johnson, Aug. 23, 1825 ; d. Sept. 

])r. riaviiis Scarle Aj^ril 1, 1839. 20, 1844. 

Maria Snmner, July 1, 1816 ; ni. James I>avina Gorham, Dec. 9, 1827 ; d. June 3, 

Stillmau Jime 18, 185G; d. Jan. 28, 1845. 

1S71. Sarah Shijrloton, March 22, 1^31 ; ni. 

Adaline Di'nnoy, Oct. 31. 1821 ; m. John Silas Griffith. 

G. Kt-nchill April 30, 1846 ; d. Auj;. 20, Elizabeth B., Nov. 2. 1834; m. John M. 

1847. Kobinson Mav 17, 1859. 

James Kichard, Sept. 20, 1823. :Mary L., March 27, 1837 ; m. A. J. IVigc- 

low. 

8 Col. Issaciiar, s. of Doa. Issachar, b. May 20, 1770; d. March 

27, ISryS ; m. Gratis Bishop March 8, 1798; she d. Sept. 5, 1862. 

67*. : Betsey Maria, Jnly 9, 1798; m. John, Oct. 17, 1806 ; d. March. 1828. 

Lyman Griji^s Doc. 29, 1825. Eliza Hooper, Nov. 2. 1811; m. Rev. 

Lucy, Jan. 8, 1800; in. Parsons Allen Oilman Noyes Nov. 19, 1833. 

Nov. 18, 1829. Calvin Bishop, April 14, 1814. 

Eunice. Dec. 14, 1802; m. Eaton Hitch- 
cock March 27, 1823. 

9 CoLw Abnek, s. of Dea. Issachar, b. June 2, 1785 ; d Aug. 26. 

1875; m. Jcdidah Sumner, June 20, 181G ; she d. Oct. 19, 1857. 
CA.: James Bridjxham. Dec. 12, 1817. 7, 1824; Sarah Ann m. Calvin M. 

Charles Sumner, Oct. 1, 1819 : d. Aug. 1, Ward Nov. 27, 1844; Mary Ann m. 

1824. Warren F. Tarliell Nov. 18, 1845. 

Sarah Ann ami Mary Ann (twins), Juno » 

10. Deacon Samuel, s. of Bartholomew, b. Feb. 19, 1779; d Nov. 
17, 18G2 ; m Mary Hoar, Nov. 25, 1802 ; b. Nov. 24, 1779 ; slie d. Dec. 
24, 1864. 

Ch. : Eli, March 4, 1804. Joseph, Feb. 26. 1815. 

Mary H., June 2, 1805; m. David II. Alvin K., Dec. 19, 1816. 

Daniels Dec. 10, 1829. Charles H. and Charlotte C. (twina), May- 
Lucy. March 6. 1807 ; d. Sept. 20. 1804. 5, 1819 ; Charlotte m. Joeeph Miller, 
Dauphin and Adolphns (twins), Dec. 18, Jr., Dec. 26, 1838. 

180S; Adolphusd. June 12, 1809. Elizabeth, Oct. 26, 1823; m. William 

SamiK'l T., Dec. 12, ISIO. Chandler Sabino April 15, 1840. 
Almira. Sept. 12, 1812; m. Jo^iuli Ihiel 

Fel)., 1?*.'^8. 

11. Bartholomew, s of l>nrtholomew, b. Feb 1, 1783 ; shed. Jan 
21, 181G: m. Catharine Patrick, b. Feb. 22, 1791; d. April 6,1861. 
Cfi. : VAwhi Jones. Feb. ."). ISIO. IJarthulomew, March 20, 1815. 
Catbejim? ratrick, Aujr. 9, 1813; m. Ar- 
thur (^uinn May 14. 1839. 

12. Dauthix, .s. of Hartholoniew, b. Nov. 9, 1791; ni. Sila Pat- 
rick Dec. 2, 1814 ; m. (2) Lucia Homer, Nov 13, 1854. 



GENEALOGY. 377 

Ch. : Pereis P., Sept. 19, 1815. Sarah S., Aufj. 8, 1823. 

Lucy A., Oct, 13, 1817. Harriet L., Sept. 30, 1825. 

Albert F., Sept. 4, 1819. Georjce Kvarta. March 14, 1833. 

Ileury F., Sept. 12, 1821. Julia Mason, April 4, 1836. 

13. Calvin B., s. of Col. Issacliar, b. April 14, 1814; m. Aurelia 

A. Cutler (int.) August, 1835. 

Ch. : Harriet A.. Auj^. I, 1836 ; m. Chas. Calvin Waltor. July 6, 1841. 

Andrews Nov. 29, 1856. Klla G.. Aug. 1, 184.'); m. Edwin L. 

Joanna L., Oct. 5, 1838 ; d. April 27, 1853. Hitchcock Nov. 18, 1809. 

14. James B., a. of Col. Abner, b. Dec, 12, 1817; in. Harriet M. 
Tarbell, April 10, 1849. 

Ch.: Osiar Folsom, Jan. 30, 1850. Louis Sumner, March 27, 1859. 

Horace Edward, Aug. 23, 1 852 ; d. March 
8, 1858. 

15. James Hexry, s. of Jonathan, b. Aug. 19,1811; m. Ann H. 
Holbrook Sept 22, 1846. 

Ch. : Arthur B., Aug. 5, 1847. Sarah B., March 20, 1851. 

John W., Dec. 26, 1848. 

16. Ciiaklrs a., s. of Jonathan, b. reb.3, 1826 ; m. Saniantha K. 

Griggs, Sept. 10, 1849. 

Ch. : Marietta, Jan. 14, 1851. Frank Edgar, Jan. 11, 1859. 

Charles Chirk, Dec. 18, 1853. 

17. Deacon Dauphin, s. of Dea. Samuel, b. Dec. 18, 1808 ; m. 
Abby B. Nutting, Sept. 18, 1831 ; she b. Dec. 7, 1810. 

Ch. : George ¥., Jan. 27, 1833. Charles B., Jan. 10, 1844. 

Samuel II., March 29, 1840. Edward B., Aug. 27, 1845. 

Eliza F., Manh 28, 1841 ; m. Calvin Lucy A.. March 9. 1847. 

Bliss Dec. 29, 1875. Ahhie A., Sept. 26, 1849. 

Mary M., Aug, 15, 1842 ; d. Oct. 5, 1842. Dauphin H., Jan. 22, 185.1. 

18. Samuel T., s. of Dea. Samuel, b. Dec. 12, 1810; m. Juliactte 
S. Bissell, May 22, 1845. 

Ch.: I>pvight B., Oct. 16, 1849. Charles F., Feh. 13, 1852. 

Isabel Sawyer, Oct. 5, 1850. 

19. Joseph, s. of Dea. Samuel, b. Feb. 26, 1814 ; d. July 17, 1870 ; 
xn. Martha R. Gill June 9, 1853 ; she d. Fob. 27, 18G1 ; m. (2) Carrie 
G. Taylor, Dec. 31, 1864. 

Ch.: Katie L., March 22, 1855 ; d. Oct. Martha Kath, Oct. 21, 1865. 
16, 1855. Jo8C])h Grant, Feh. 8, 1869. 

Fannie B., Jnly 20, 1856. Alice T., Nov. 9, 1870. 

Itellie J., March 3, 1859. 

20. Alvin R., a. of Dea. Samuel, b. Dec. 22, 1816 ; m. Mary Jane 
Hovey Aug. 27, 1841 ; m. (2) Mary Barnes Ai>ril 9, 1856. 

Ch.: Julia F., Oct. 20, 1842; m. Frank- Caroline A., Jan. 16, 1852; m. H. L. 

lin B. Fox ; d. Jan. 10, 1874. Godden. 

Edwin H., June 16, 1847. Mary E., March 29, 1866. 

48 



378 GENEALOGY. 

21. Charlks B., s. of Dea Samuel, b. May 5, 1819 ; m. Marietta 
N. Mills, Jan.l, 1840; she b. Dec. 24, 1819; d. Jan. 16, 1873. 

Ch,: Charlotte G., March 18, 1841. Lucy M., Aug. 5, 1849; m. George A. 

Samuel M., Oct. 27, 1842. Kiiapi)efU 

Chester E., Oct. 17, 1844. Elizabeth S., March 27, 1855 ; m. Eugene 

Franklin D., March 10, 1846. F. Knap]>e|PO 

Charles P., Oct. 22, 1859. 

22. Edwix Jones, s. of Bartholomew, Jr., b. Feb. 5, 1810 ; m. 
Sarah Deming July 22, 1834; she d. March 19, 1853; m. (2) Mary 
Strong May 23, 1854. 

Ch.: Eliza Deming, Mav 27, 1835; m. Edward James, Oct. 28, 1843. 

William H. Chapman Jan. 18, 1865. Arthur Russell, Oct. 28, 1843 ; d. Dec. 31, 

Edwin Hamsdell, <.)ct., 1836; d. Aug. 9, 1858. 

1838. William Strong, April 11, 1855 ; d. Sept. 

Sarah Edwina, Nov. 13, 1838. 8, 1870. 

Catharine Marv, Aug. 31, 1840; m. Ed- Mary Louise, June 22, 1856. 

ward W. Denny March 15, 1871. Irving Howard, Oct. 18, 1857. 

Anna Juliet, Feb. 11, 1842; m. Dr. Rob- George Alvord, Aug. 27, 1860. 

ert B. Jenks May 21, 1874. Joseph Cooper, infant, d. March 18, 1863. 

23 Bartholomew, s. of Bartholomew, Jr., b. March 20, 1815 ; 
m. Surah G. Wyles Nov. 30, 1841 ; she b. Jan. 2oy 1817 ; d Dec. 9, 
1849; m. (2) Anna E. Robhins Jan. 12, 1853. 

Ch.: Lydia Wyles, Sept. 6, 1842; m. Sarah Wyles, Jan. 6, 1848; d. June 10, 

Charles E. Merrill Oct. 13, 1874. 1848. 

John Wyles, May 23, 1846. Sarah Goodwin, Nov. 9, 1849. 

Kussell Robbins, Feb. 15, 1876. 

24 Oscar F., s of James B., m. Augusta H. Noyes Sept. 6, 1876. 

25. Arthur B , s. of James H., b. Aug. 5, 1847 ; m. Cynthia 
R. BlashfioKl Nov. 5, 1874. 

Ch. : Ida M., Jan. 27, 1876. Clarence B., Dec. 22, 1877. 

26. Jonx W., s. of James H , m. Emily J. Wetherell, Sept. 30, 
1872. 

Ch. : John W., Jan. 11, 1875. Kuth W., May 13, 1876. 

Deacon David Brown who removed from Ashford, Conn., to Brim- 
field in 1805, was a descendant of John Brown who came from 
England to New Plymouth about 1G34, and afterwards settled at 
Wamimosett, near Reliobeth, and died there April 10, 1602; his wife's 
name was Dorothy j she was born in 1575, and died January 24, 
1673; we have account of only three of their children, James, John 
and Mary, who married Cai>t. Thomas Willets. 

27. Jamks, s. of Juhn, ni. Lydia, tradition says, Lydia Howlett. 
Ch.: Jamc!*, 1658. Jal)esh, July 9, 1668. 

Dorothy, Aug. 12, 1666. 



GENEALOGY. 379 

28. James 2(1, b. 1658 ; d. April 15, 1718 ; m. Margaret Denni- 

sou ; she d. May 5, 1741. 

Ch. : Mary, Sept. 11, 1680. Peleg, Feb. 28, 1688. 

Lydia, July 28, 1684. WiUiam, June 2, 1691. 

James, Sept. 7, 1685. Mary, Nov. 25, 1699; m. John Thurber. 

Margaret, July 5, 1687. Isaac, Dec. 2, 1702. 

29 James 3d, b. Sept. 7, 1685 ; m. Elizabeth Hunt, daughter of 

Lieut. Peter Hunt, of Rehobeth, Dec. 20, 1711. 

Ch. ; Elizaljeth, May 31, 1714. James, January 23, 1715. 

30. James 4th, b Jan. 23, 1713; d. Nov. 22, 1782; m. Rebecca 
, b. 1714 ; d. Jan. 31, 1752 ; m. (2) Sarah 

Ch. : Rebecca, April 17, 1738 ; d. May 4, Cyrel, June 11, 1746. 

1738. Rebecca, Feb. 7, 1748 ; d. Jan. 21, 1754. 

James, June 11, 1739 ; d. July 12, 1739. Micha, Feb. 21, 1749. 

Molle, Jnne 22 1740. David, Jan. 21, 1752. 

James, Aug. 19, 1742 ; d. Nov. 14, 1743. Sarah, Jan. 11, 1754. 
James, July 3, 1744 ; d. May 8, 1789. 

31. Deacon David, s. of James 4th, b. Jan. 21, 1752 ; d. Nov. 
3, 1829; m. Molly Watson, Nov. 23, 1777; b Oct. 9, 1754; d. Aug. 
15, 1834. 

Ch. ; Samuel Watson, Nov. 28, 1779. David, July 12, 1788 ; d. July 25, 1808. 

Nabby, June 3, 1782 ; m. Haviland Bug- James, July 30, 1790. 

bee Nov. 3, 1819 ; ra. (2) Smith Phetti- Cyrel, May 26, 1792 ; d. Dec. 31, 1794. 

place Sept. 11, 1839. Lydia, April 9, 1794 ; d. Feb. 14, 1795. 

Mary, April 25, 1784; m. Zadoc Nichols Lydia Berthia, Nov. 27, 1795; m. Na- 

March 23, 1812. thaniel Parker, Jr., Oct, 22, 1818. 

Rebecca, July 11, 1786 ; m. Chester Blod- Cyrel Read, April 5, 1798. 

gett Nov. 27, 1806. 

32. Samuel Wat.son, s. of Dea. David, b. Nov. 28, 1779; d. 
Nov. 10, 1813; m Sybil Perrin, 1805. 

33. James 5th, s. of Dea. David, b July 30, 1790; d. March 18, 
1859 ; m. Emily Field Oct. 22, 1815 ; b. Oct. 22, 1795 ; d. Oct. 29, 
1876. 

Ch. : Henry Field, Dec. 15, 1816. Charles, Oct. 22, 1828 ; d. Nov. 6, 1828. 

Catharine Parker, March 18, 1820; m. George Alexander, Dec. 1, 18.30. 

Paul W. Paige April 28, 1863. Emily Jane, May 7, 1833 ; m. Warren II. 

James Tyler, Nov. 22, 1823. Wilkinson Sept. 1, 1875. 
Charles Frederic. April 13, 1827 ; d. Oct. 

5, 1827. 

34. Deacon Cykel Eead, s. of Dea. David, b April 5, 1798; d. 

Sept. 4, 1869; m. Mary Blair June 14, 1821. 
Ch.; Samuel Watson, Nov. 10, 1822. James Head, May 6, 1831. 

Eliza Ann, Oct. 2, 1825 ; d. Feb. 16. 1831. Charles < Hiver, July 11, 1833. 
Henry Read, June 25, 1828; d. Feb. 22, Albert Blair, March 6, 1835; d. March 
1831. 31, 1835. 



380 GENEALOGY. 

Sarah Flavonia, March 5, 1837 ; m. The- Mary Fransouia, March 5, 1837. 
odorc DeWitt Miller June 18, 1861. Harriet Blair. Oct. 4, 1838. 

35. Henry Field, s. of James 5th, m. Lucy S Tarbell Sept. 25, 
1839. 

Ch. : Julia Tarbell, May 21, 1843. Frank Henry, Aufr. 5, 1850. 

36 James Tyler, s. of James 5th, m. Catharine W. Miller Nov. 
29, 1849. 

Ch. : iKabcl Louisie, Dec. 12, 18.')1. Caroline Maria, Aug. 2, 1858. 

I^wis Herbert, Oct. 31, 1833 ; d. March Frederick AuHon, Aug. 13, 1860; d. Sept. 
15, 1857. 7, 1875. 

37. George Alexander, s. of James 5th, m. Susan E C. Miller 
Jan. 26, 1854. 

C7i. : Susan Miller, Aug. 28, 1865. George Anson, Dec, 1872. 

38. Samuel Watson, s. of Dea. Cyrel, m. Harriet L. Warren 
Sept. 17, 1849. 

39. James Read, s. of Dea. Cyrel, m Louisa Merrill Nov. 3, 1859. 

Ch. : Annie Merrill, Oct. 10, 1863. Bessie Frances, Oct. 1, 1869. 

40. Charles Oliver, s. of Dea. CjTel, m. Caroline B. Janes 
Nov. 16, 1865. 

Ch. : Kugene I)e Witt, May 11, 1867. Fred Janes, June 28, 187C. 

Lillian May, Feb. 22. 1870. James Walter, March 8, 1878. 

Albert Kead, Aug. 25, 1871. 

THE BROWNING FAMILY. 

1. BROWNING, Jame.s, and hi.s wife Elisabeth brought letters 

testimonial of their chnrrli fellowshii) in Ireland, and were received into 

communion witli the church in Rutland, Mass., May 24, 1728, the^' 

were worthy j>ooi>le ; fruitful and prosperous in a strange land, they 

had six sons and four daughters, the danger being so great from the 

Indians, tln*ir first child, William Browning, was born in the garrison 

Ch. : AVilliam Browning, Aug. 20, 1723. J(»seph, Nov. 22, 1733. 

Elizabeth, June 5, 1725. Mary, June 6, 1735. 

James, May 25, 1727. John, Oct. 27, 1737. 

Krustrani. Aug. 28. 1729. Samuel, Oct. 28, 1740. 

Margaret, Doc. 20, 1731. Martha, Nov. 21, 1744. 

2. Capt. Joseph, s. of James, b. Nov. 22, 1733, d. Dec. 26,1813 ; 
settled in l>rimlield where he m. Lois Sherman Jan. 31, 1760; she d. 
June 15, 1781. 

Ch.: Margaret. March 8, 1761; m. Jo- James, Jan. 24, 1770. 

sepli Hussell Nov. 29, 1785. Sarah, Sept. 23, 1771 ; m. Jonathan Bal- 

Lois, Oct. 4, 1703. lard Marcli 20. 1794. 

Lucy, June 8, 17G5 ; m. Daniel Dauiels^jn Martha, July 26, 1773; in. Joseph Mor- 

July 14, 1784. gan Oct. 18, 1792. 
Joseph DavU, Oct. 19, 1767. 



GENEALOGY. 381 

3. Joseph Davis, s. of Joseph, b. Oct. 19, 1767, d. Dec. 28, 1855 ; 

m Peggy Morgan July 8, 1790; slie d Dec. 31, 1793; m (2) Bath- 

sheba Cluircli ^larcli 20, 1795; she d. July 7, 1837 ; m. (3) Mrs. Sally 

Feiiton April 15, 1840 ; she d. July 14, 1859. 

Ch.: Mar]?aret, (about) 1792; m. Harri- Sophia, Oct. 18, 1803; m. Penuel Parker, 

son G. Bishop March, 1812. Sept., 1822. 

William A., 1796. Israel Trask, Oct. 2, 1807 ; d. July 8, 1836. 

Marrianna, April 9, 1798 ; d. July 6, 1802. Moses Church, Feb. 14, 1809. 
Joseph Davis, Oct. 21, 1800. John Warriner, July 8, 1811. 

4. James, s. of Joseph, b. Jan. 24, 1770; m. Lucinda Sraith (int.) 

May 11, 1800; she d. March 13, 1853. 

Ch. : Betsey, Aug. 22, 1801 ; m. Lathrop Eudocia, Dec. 23, 1807 ; m. Enoch Bacon, 

Arms June 4, 1820. Jr., Dec. 2, 1834. 

Lucy, Jan. 6, 1803. Mary F., Nov. 3, 1814; m. Henry C. 

Lucinda, Nov. 7, 1805 ; d. April 31, 1826. White Aug. 19, 1834 ; d. April 17, 1863. 

5. Joseph D, Jr, b. Oct. 21, 1800; d. Aug. 9, 1863; m. Submit 

McCray Oct. 51, 1833, she d. July 22, 1870. 
Ch. : William H. (adopted), Dec. 4, 1836. Sarah Trask, July 24, 1843. 
Mary, Oct. 21, 1838. Carrie A., Jan. 5, 1847 ; d. Oct. 8, 1857. 

Julia E., June 17, 1841 ; d. March 18, 
1878. 

6. MosKS Church, s. of Joseph D., b. Feb. 14, 1809; d. Aug. 5, 
1874; m. Roxanna Crane March 4, 1833. 

Ch.: Harriet Maria, March 2, 1834; m. Annette Trask, June 28, 1851; d. May 

W. II. Daniel May 11, 1854. 13, 1853. 

Emily Pynchon, May 24, 1841 ; m. Dr. Edward Crane, March 22, 1855; d. July 

Robert Lynde Oct. 23, 1866. 26, 1855. 

7. John W., s of Joseph D., b. July 8, 1811 ; m. Olive Baker May 
22, 1839, she d Kov. 15, 1S5G ; m. (2) Phebe C. Spring Feb 2, 1859. 
Ch. : Delia Ann, March 9, 1840; m. Ar- , II. Goodhue March 2, 1870; d. March 

thur H. Smith Jan. 4, 1866. 29, 1875. 

Clara Francis, May 7, 1847 ; m. Joseph 

THE BLASHFIELD FAMILY. 

Deacon Luke Blashfield was the first person (probably) to unite 
with the church in Brimfield after its organization, joining it by 
letter; and it is supposed that he moved to the town at that time, 
bringing his familj', the sons appearing to have been Luke, Jr , and 
John — the latter being the ancestor of the subsequent families of the 
name. 

1. BLASHFIELD, John, probably s. of Dea. Luke, m Marcy 
; d. Nov. 8, 1802. 



o 



82 GENEALOGY. 



Ch.: Elizabeth, Sept. 15,1744. Rose, July 17, 1754; m. Lemuel Sher- 

Lydia, June 4, 174C, m. Thomas Mooro man June 18, 1773. 

May 13, 1802. Ozem, Apr. 5, 1757. 

William, Feb. 16, 1748. AbigaU, Feb. 27, 1762. 

Phebe, Feb. 12, 1750. James Rea, Aug. 2, 1763. 
John, Jr., June 1, 1752; m. Abigail 

Crouch, Apr. 20, 1786; d. Dec. 8, 1815. 

2. William, s. of John, b. Feb. 16, 1748; d Feb. 19, 1791; 

m Lois Lombard May 30, 1771. 

Ch.: Alfred, May 5, 1772. Azubah, June 14, 1777 ; m. Samuel Hitch- 

Elfleda, Mar. 30, 1774; m. John Bishop cock Feb. 19, 1800. 
Dec. 23, 1798. Iddo, May 12, 1779. 

William, Jr., July 30, 1 790. 

3. Capt. Ozem, s of John, b. April 5, 1757 ; d. April 11, 1808 ; m. 
Eunice Brown Jan. 4, 1781 ; she d. May 6, 1790 ; in. (2) Mrs Bath- 
sbeba Burt April 12, 1791. 

Ch. : Celia, Oct. 20, 1 782 ; m. David Nich- Har\ey, Apr. 23, 1 794. 

ols Doc. 23, 1802. Selina, Oct. 8, 1795. 
Chester, Dec. 3, 1784. Adeline Augusta, Feb. 19, 1799; m. Rich- 
Eunice, Mar. 6, 1786. ard Allen May 23, 1821. 
Pliilo, Nov. 12, 1788. Hiram, Dec. 2, 1801. 
Bathshcba, Jan. 8, 1792; m. Artemus 

Wiswell Dec. 8, 1816. 

4. Alfred, s. of William, b. May 5, 1772; d. March 16, 1860; 
m Dorcas Lilley April 16, 1795. 

Ch. : Dorcas, June 5, 1796 ; m. Luther R. Maria, d. 1801. 

Lamb April 15, 1819 ; d. April 13, 1822. Alfred, Jr., Nov. 2, 1802. 

Sarah, Feb. 5, 1798 ; m. Luther U. Lamb Eliza, April 13, 1807. 

Sept. 7, 1817 ; d. Oct. 7, 1818. WilUam C, Aug. 3, 1817. 

5 Alfred, Jk, s. of Alfred, b Nov. 2, 1802; ra. Betsey Stone; 
8he d. May 17, 1852. 

Ch.: Sfirah Jane, Dec. 31, 1828; m. James H., Apr. 22, 1838. 

George S.Allen Oct. 4, 1858; d. July Mary A., May 11, 1843; m. James M. 

29, 1870. Ilaney, Apr. 6, 1871 ; d. Sept. 27, 1872. 

Oresites A., Sept. 1, 1830. Eliza A., July 25, 1846; d. Jan. 3, 1864. 

Lewis, May 20, 1833; d. June 3, 1833. Harriet L., Mar. 25, 1852; d. Aug. 6, 

Thomas C, Sept. 27, 1835. 1859. 

6. William C, s. of ^Ufred, b. Aug. 3, 1817 ; m. Olive M. Hich- 

ardson. 

Ch.: Cynthia 11., Oct. 3, 1849; m. Ar- Julia A., Apr., 12, 1852. 
thur B. Brown Nov. 5, 1874. 

THE BLODGETT FAMILY. 

Tlie Blodgett family came from Lexington. Thomas Blodgett, a 
glover, came from Loudon 1635, settled at Cambridge. Children, 
Daniel, Samuel, Susanna. 



GENEALOGr. 383 

1. Samuel, b in England 1633; d. July 3, 1687; m. Ruth 
Ingleden Dec. 13, 1655. 

Ch. : Kuth. Susanna. 

Samuel. Sarah. 

Thomas. 

2 . Thomas, b. 1660 ; removed to Lexington about 1699 ; m. 
Rebecca Tidd Nov. 11, 1684. 

Ch.: Thomas. Abigail. 

Rebecca. Saul. 

Joseph. 

3. Joseph, Jk , s. of Joseph, b. at Woburn Sept. 17. 1696 ; m. 
Sarah Stone who was born at Lexington Nov. 7, 1700; she d. May 8, 
1735 ; m. (2) Sarah IngersoU June 29, 17.:58 ; she was b. at Spring- 
field May 17, 1718. 

Ch.: Joseph, April 17, 1721. ^ Thomas, Sept 26, 1734. 

Sarah, Nov. 12,1722; m. Reuben Towns- Samuel, May 17, 1739. ^ 

ley Aug. 6, 1741. Lydia, Feb. 7, 1741 ; m. Simeon Hubbard 

Anna, April 10, 1724; m. Thomas Sher- Oct. 14, 1762. 

man Sept. 12, 1751. Jonas, Nov. 12, 1743. 

Abner, June 6, 1732. Azubah, April 12, 1746. 

Abigail, July 18, 1726. ^ Caleb, Nov. 24, 1748. 

Ruth, March 1, 1728 ; m. John Danielson, Elijah, Oct. 25, 1761. 

Jr., Aug. 30, 1750; all the above born Marsena, Mar. 4, 1754. 

at Lexington. Nathan, Nov. 3, 1 756. 

Benjamin, June 9, 1730. Admatha, Dec. 15, 1758. 

4. Joseph, Jr., s. of Joseph, b. April 17, 1721 ; m. Hannah 

Haynes Ang. 25, 1743. 

Ch.: Joseph, May 19, 1743. Mary, Oct. 20, 1753; m. Levi Sherman/ 
Hannah, Aug. 10, 1747. July 13, 1775. 

Sarah, July 31, 1749; m. Daniel Haynes Solomon, April 4, 1756. 

Mar. 24, 1774. Beulah, April 30, 1759. 

David, July 19, 1751. Rufus, July 19, 1761. 

6. Jonas, s. of Joseph, b. Nov. 12, 1743 ; d. April 18, 1839 ; m. 

Bhoda Dady Jan. 14, 1^73 ; she d. April 18, 1825 ; m. Mrs. Hannah 

Bugbee Dec. 1, 1825 ; she d. Jan. 24, 1845. 

Ch.: James, Aug. 31, 1773. Chester. 

Dady, March 12, 1776. Loami ; d. Sept. 23, 1803. 

Persis. \, Tammy, 1789; d. Aug. 1, 1829. 

Sally ; m? Richard Bishop Jan. 4, 1803. William, April 15, 1794. 

6. Dady, s. of Jonas, b. March 12, 1776 ; d. Dec. 14, 1850 ; m. 
Sally Daniels June 3, 1805; she d Aug. 4, 1868. ^ 

Ch.: Loami, Nov. 27, 1805. Mary Ann, March 22, 1827 ; m. Wyles 

Elvira, June 8, 1807; m. Henry Lydn. Neh»on (int.) Sept. 12, 1855; d. June 

Charles, April 6, 1 8 1 1 . 5, 1 863. 



384 GENEALOGY. 

7. Chestek, s. of Jonas ; iti. Rehecca Brown Kov. 27, 1806. 
CA.; William Watson, Oct. 30, 1807. Orril Brown, Jan. 31, 1809. 

8. LoAMi, 8. of Daily, b. Nov 24, 1805 j m. Poll}' Sherman Api 
13, 1831. 

Ch. : Lucv, Jan. 8, 1832 ; <1. Jan. 22, 1832. Asa Patrick, July 4, 1838. 

Lncy, Jan. 19, 1836; m. Thomas Hughs James, Dec. 1842; d . 

April 5, 1853. 

THE BOND FAMILY. 

1. BOND, Mark, m. Sarah Ellinwootl Dec. 17. 1755; d. Apr. 
18, 1807. 

Ch.: Lucy, Aug. 16, 1758; m. Daniel Solomon, Sept. 11, 1763; m. Polly Rus- 

Gleasou Feb. 14. 1785. nell Apr. 9, 1789. 

Phebe, Jau.22, 1760; m. Thomas Cliaries Sarah, July 16, 1765; m. John Morgan 

Feb. 22, 1781. Mar. 16, 1786. 

Rowlandson, Dec. 18, 1768. 

2. EowLANDSOX, s. of Mark, b. Dec 18, 1708 ; m. Sybil Yaro. 

Ch. : Samuel, July 14, 1796. Sarah, June 8, 1809. 

Nabby, Apr. 11, 1798; m. Bamus Olds Marquis, Feb. 29, 1812. 
Dec. 28, 1828. Lucy M., Nov. 27, 1814. 

Fo.ster, Feb. 24, 1801. Eh\Mil)e£h, 1816, d. May 15. 1837. 

Solomon, Aug. 6, 1803. Joseph Gleason, Oct. 13, 1820. 

3. Samuel, s of Rowlandson, b. July 14, 179C ; d. May 8, 1873 ; 
m. jMary Demon Jun(» 29, 1824; she d. Aug 5. 1871 

Ch. : John D., June 9, 1827. Samuel K., Aug. 13. 1837. 

George W., Nov. 29, 1829 ; d. in army. Lydia Ionise, Sept. 2, 1840; m. Alfred 

Mary A., July 8. 1832; m. Emery E. AV. Chase. 

Liverinore Feb. 15, 1854. Daniel (Jlea.son, Sept. 5, 1843. 

N. Maria, Aug. 3, 1834; m. Simon Ba- Sarah, d. in infancy. 

ker. 

4. Solomon, s. of Rowlandson, b. Aug. 6. 1803, ; d. May 22, 

1858 ; m. Marcy Nichols Apr. 6, 1828 ; slie d. Oct 30, 18C3. 

Ch.: Edwin P., 1830; d. Sept. 23, 1832. Delia M., Jan. 7, 1834; d. May 11, 1852. 

5. BOND, Edwakd; m. Experience ; removed with his 

family to Leicester, where he d. Feb. 12. 177u. 

Ch. : Edwanl, Jr., Dec. 28, 1737. Abigail, May 16, 1745, m. Adonijah Bus- 
Experience, Dec. 16, 1739; m. Luke sell, Jr., Feb. 21, 1765. 

Bhishfield Nov. 17, 1761. Emery and Lydia (twins), Oct. 8, 1747 ; 

Emma, 1741 ; m. Richard Bond 1768. Lydia m. Asa Bates Feb. 4, 1773. 

Benjamin, Juno 28, 1743. Jonathan, Apr. 30, 1750. 

6. Edwakd, Jr., s. of Edward, b. Dec. 28, 1737 ; d. at Ft. Greorge 
Aug 20, 1776 ; m. Rose Rlashfield Nov. 29, 1759. 

Ch. : L*rael, Nov. 27, 1760. Elijah, 1770. 

Luke, Sept. 6, 1763. Forbusli, Nov. 4, 1772. 

Henry, Jan. 6, 1767. Koso, Mar. 3, 1775. 



GKNEALOGT. 385 

7. George, s. of Benjamin the son of Edward; m. Esther Taylor ; 
slie d. Sept. 9, 1815. 

Ch. : John Sumner ; d. Sept. 24, 1810. Esther, Apr. 12, 1812; m.Lawson Kenney. 

Sally, Ang. 8, 1810; m. Silas Cutler. George Sumner, June 10, 1815. 

8. BOND, Batley, b. 1760; d. Sept. 20, 1840; ra. Elizabeth 
Charles 1780; she d. June 18, 1806; m. (2) Rachel Hamant Aug. 
7, 1806; shed. Feb 27, 1845. 

Ch.'. Charles, Feb. 18, 1781. Linus, Aug. 28, 1785. 

John, Apr. 18, 1783. 

9. Charles, s. of Bailey, b. Feb. 18, 1781; d. July 7, 1816; m. 
Anna Eddy ; she d. Aug. 24, 1854. 

Ch. : Eliza, May 12, 1809 ; m. John W. Bliss, May 4, 1826. 

10. John, s. of Bailey, b. Apr. 18, 1783; d. Apr. 16, 1862; m. 

Mrs. Caphira Sherman. 
Ch. : Dexter Janes, Dec. 1815. Harriet. 

Caphira, Dec. 19, 1817. Henry. 

Julia A., Dec. 26, 1819 ; d. Mar. 26, 1842. 

11. BOND, Ephraim, m. Eleanor Abbot, May 28, 1772. 
Ch.: Jacob, Dec. 29, 1772; d. Dec. 14, Samuel, Dec. 1, 1779. 

Nathan, Mar. 12, 1774. Polly, Sept. 18, 1781 ; d. Aug. 15, 1783. 

Eleanor, June 5, 1775. Persis, Mar. 12, 1783. 

Jacob, Mar. 29, 1777 ; d. May 23, 1781. Asenath, July 14, 1784. 

Ephraim, Jr., June 26, 1778. Kufus, Sept. 18, 1786. 

12. Nathan, s. of Ephraim, b. Mar. 12, 1774 ; m. Lovina Need- 
ham Feb. 23, 1800; their son, Emelius, b. Aug. 19, 1800; family 
removed to Wales. 

THE BURT FAMILY. 

Major Daniel Burt, one of the first settlers of Brimfield, was a great- 
grandson of Henry Burt, who came to Springfield in 1G40, about four 
years after its settlement. Major Daniel was prominent in the civil 
and military affairs of his time, being thrice commissioned in His 
Majestj-'s service against the French : First by William Shirley, 
Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief of His Majesty's Province of 
Massachusetts-Bay, as Lieutenant in Capt. Solomon Keyes's company 
of the Canada expedition, June 25, 1746 ; second by Thomas Pownal, 
Captain-General eto., March 13, 1758, as Captain in another expedi- 
tion to Canada ; and last by Thomas Hutchinson, Lieut. Governor, 
June 9, 1760, he was commissioned Major in Colonel John Whit- 
comb's regiment. His headstone in the Brimfield cemetery bears the 
following inscription : 

"In memory of Daniel Burt, Esq., who died Feb. 27, 1771, in his 
49 



386 GENEALOGY. 

68th year. He early in life exposed himself in a dangerous enterprise 
against the common enemy ; and in our late expedition he served as a 
Captain and a Major, was loved and respected in the army. As a 
Selectman, a Justice of the Peace, and as a Representative, he served 
his Town, County and Country to good acceptance. Having served 
his generation by the will of God, he is fallen asleep and is laid with 
his fathers." 

Deacon Henry Burt was also an original proprietor, the father of 
Henry, Jr , and Silence, b. Sept. 8, 1733, m. Noah Hitchcock Oct. 7, 
1762 ; as also probably of Bethia, wife of John Hitchcock ; Elizabeth, 
wife of Aaron Charles ; Keziah, wife of Samuel Bates ; Sarah, wife of 
Joseph Farrel ; and perhaps of Diademia, wife of Ebenezer Stebbins. 

John Burt was also a settler in Brim field, assigning his interest in 
the lands to Major Daniel, April 25, 1727. 

John, son of Nathaniel and father of Major Daniel, was one of the 
Springfield people who in 1701 petitioned the Governor and Council 
for the privilege of erecting and setting up a town to the eastward of 
Springfield. He was killed Feb 25, 1704, while "tackling his sleigh.'' 

1. BURT, John (probably son of John and brother of Major 
Daniel), b. at Springfield Sept. 19, 1699 ; d. April 22, 1756 ; m. Mary 

Wright. 

Ch.'. Mary, Juno 29, 1728; m. Joseph Benjamin, Nov. 4, 1 734 ; d. in army, 1776. 

Hitchcock, Dec. II, 1750. Eunice, Mar. 12, 1737. 

John, Jr., Feb. 11, 1731. Reuben, Sept. 7, 1739. 

Rebecca, Nov. 3, 1732; m. Daniel Mof- Hannah, Sept. 26, 1748; d. Feb. 19, 1754. 

fatt, Feb. 1, 1757. 

2. BURT, Major Daniel, s. of John, b. July 6, 1703 ; d. Feb. 

27, 1771 ; m. Margaret Colton, Feb. 2, 1927. 

Ch. : Margaret, Jan. 12, 1728 ; m. Abner Lucy, Jan. 20, 1737 ; d. Feb. 3, 1756. 

Colton Nov. 12, 1751. Mary, Sept. 21, 1738; m. David Haynes 

Daniel, Jr., Sept. 16, 1729. July 15, 1756. 

3. Daniel, Jr., s. of Daniel, b. Sept. 16, 1729 ; d Sept. 22, 1812; 

m. Experience Colton Oct. 12, 1752 j she died Sept 28, 1775; m. (2) 

Mrs. Mary (Webber) Frizzell ; she d. Jan. 13, 1818. 

Ch. : Abel, Nov. 21, 1753. Daniel, Dec. 22, 1782. 

Marcy, Sept. 6, 1756; m. Rev. Jesse Ives, Julius, Sept. 16, 1785. 

May 25, 1796. P^gg.v, Jnly 7, 1787 ; m. George Samner. 

Lucy, May 13, 1760 ; d. Nov. 10, 1775. Mary, 1789 ; d. Dec. 20, 1822. 

4. Abel, s. of Daniel, Jr , b. Nov. 21, 1763 ; d. July 8, 1788 ; m. 

Bathsheba Thompson, Oct 7, 1779. 

Ch.: Panielia, Oct. 1, 1780. Artoraas Davenport, Nov. 25, 1785; d 

Matilda, Oct. 1, 1784 ; d. Dec. 4, 1786. Dec. 9, 1786. 

Abel, Jr., Mar. 26, 1788. 



GENEALOGY. 387 

5. Daniel, s. of Daniel, Jr., b. Dec. 22, 1782 ; d. Dec. 25, 1823 ; 
m. Eliza Sherman ; she d. May 16, 1812} m. (2) Mrs. Orril Norcross, 
Oct. 16, 1816. 

Ch.: Deloisa, July 21, 1806; m. David Eliza; d. May 16, 1812. 

Moore. 
Daniel Shennan, 1808 ; d. Mar. 7, 1811. Timothy, Apr. 29, 1812. 

6. Julius, s. of Daniel, Jr., b. Sept. 16, 1785 ; d. Sept. 27, 1864; 

m. Prudence Sherman April 6, 1813. 
C% : Jeremy, May 14, 1815; d. Oct. 31, Nancy, July 9, 1823. 

1850. ■ Fisher Ames, May 16, 1826; d. July 6, 

Emily, Jan. 13, 1817 ; d. Aug. 22, 1851. 1828. 

Prudence, Feb. 26, 1820; m. I»aac Gihb«, Margaret Sumner, Dec. 8, 1829. 

Sept. 14, 1841 ; d. Feb. 23, 1858. 

7. Abel, Jr., s. of Abel, b. Mar. 26, 1788 ; m. Prudence Lyon, 
Mar. 17, 1811. 

Ch. : Elvira Augusta. Sept. 25, 1811. Eliza Eaton, Dec. 11, 1815. 

Artemas Davenport, Jan. 11, 1814. 

8. Henry Jr , s. of Deacon Henry, m. Huldah ; she d. Apr. 

4, 1758; m (2) Hannah Miller, Mar.'s, 1759. 

Ch : Jonathan, Apr. 12, 1745; d. Feb. 1, Jonathan, Apr. 25, 1761 ; d. 

1750. Aaron, Mar. 22. 1762. 

Bethia, June 1, 1747. Sarah, Sept. 7, 1763 ; d. Oct. 14, 1775. 

Zeruah,May3, 1753; m. Samuel Willard; Calvin, Feb. 14, 1765. 

d. Jan. 21, 1772. Anna, Dec. 10, 1767. 

Henry, Feb. 16, 1760. Huldah, Jan. 7, 1772. 

9. John, Jr., a. of John, m. Mary . 

Ch. : Hannah, Sept. 26, 1748. 

10. Reuben, s. of John, m. Beulah . 

Ch. : John, Dec. 6, 1758. Samuel. Oct. 20, 1764. 

Reuben, Jr., July 15, 1760; d. Aug. 14, Moses. July 28, 1 766. 

1761. Jonathan, May 20, 1768. 

Reuben, Jr., Sept. 10, 1761. Mary, Jan. 24, 1770. 

Beulah, Feb. 5, 1762. Edward, July 6, 1772. 

THE BATES FAMILY. 

1. BATES, George, m. Rebecca Dick, Dec 6, 1735. 
Ch. : Mary, Oct. 9, 1735. Thomas, Jan. 18, 1743. 
George, Jr., Dec. 23 1736. Asii. May 20, 1745. 
Samael, Nov. 9, 1738. Lemuel, Man-h 4, 1747. 
Hepzibah, Feb. 2, 1741. Klisha, March 25, 1749. 

2. Samuel, s. of George, h. Nov. 9, 1738, ni. Eunice Sherman, Sept. 
30, 1763; she d. July 26, 1775 ; (2) m. Keziah Burt, Jan. 28, 1779 ; 
she cL Jan. 24, 1802. 



388 GENEALOGT. 

Ch. : Chloe, Oct. 27, 1763. Samuel, Fob. 18, 1773. 

Kufus, Doc. 9, 1765. Keziali, June 1, 1775 ; m. Gad Hitchcock, 

Moses, April 9, 1768. Feb. 28,1793. 

Eunice, Dec. 20. 1770. 

3 Lemuel, s. of George, b. March 4, 1747 ; m. Kesinah . 

Ch.: Sally, Nov. 20, 1773. Ransford, May 19, 1785. 

A dauj,'hter, March 24, 1776. Bathsheba, Nov. 27, 1787. 

Joseph Thompson, Oct. 17, 1778. Farasina, April 27, 1797. 

Patty, Feb. 5, 1781. Nabby, Feb. 10, 1799. 
Samuel, July 20, 1 783. 

4. Elisha, s. of George, b. March 25, 1749 ; m. Hannah Perkins, 

Aug. 29, 1797. 

Ch. : Patty and Betaey, twins, March 4, Eudocia, June 15, 1800. 
1798. 

6. RuFus, 8. of Samuel, b. Dec. 9, 17 Go ; m. Lucy Fay, Dec. 24, 
1789. 

Ch.: Assenath, Oct. 11, 1790. Ruel, Sept. 4, 1796. 

J(X5l. Nov. 30, 1792 ; d. Dec. 23, 1792. Lyman, Nov. 17, 1799. 

Jairus, July 16, 1794. 

6. Eli Bates m. Marcy. 

Ch. : Eli Jr., Oct. 12, 1767. John, June 9, 1775. 

Mary, April 6, 1770. Samuel, April 17, 1777 ; d. June 22, 1825. 

Marcy, Aug. 3, 1773 ; m. Enoch Morgan, Asa, Oct. 7, 1781. 

April 23, 1795; m. (2) Capt. Thomas Betsey, Sept. 12, 1783. 

Slierman, May 4, 1815. James, Dec. 8, 1785. 

7. George W. Bates m. Lucy. 

Ch. : Sereuus, March 16, 1803. Au^rustus Reed, May 31, 1811. 

Manthaiio, Oct. 11, 1805. Sophia, Dec. 22, 1814; m. Lucius T. 

Hudson, Nov. 23, 1834. 
Era.stusC., July 1, 1807. Bathsheba, Sept. 24, 1817; m. Edwin 

Kobinson. 
George Wa,<»hinp:ton, June 10, 1809; d. 
July 4, 1814. 

THE BIXBY FAMILY. 

1. BIXBY, Johnson, s. of Jacob and Eunice Bixby, b. April 25, 
1793 ; d. Jiin. 28, 1872, came from Thompson, Ct., to Brimfield in 
1819; m. Orinda Graves, Nov. 4, 1821; she was b. Sept. 19, 1798; 
d. June 3, 1875. 
Ch. : Mary Jane, Nov. 20, 1823 ; m. Lor- Emery Sandford, July 27, 1827; d. April 

iuir Fletcher, Sept. 29, 1847; d. Nov. 19, 1872. 

23, 1875. Harriet Kllen, Fob 4, 1831; m. William 

S. Janes, Feb. 18, 1857. 

THE CARTER FAMILY. 
CARTER, Elias, s. of Timothy, b. at Ward, Mass.. May 30, 1781 ; 



GENEALOGY. 389 

d. at Chicopee Falls March 23, 1864; m. Eudocia Lyon, May 25, 

1807; shed. July 23. 18C9. 

Ch.: Horatio Lyon, April 27, 1809; m. Joseph Ballard, Aug, 21, 1803. 

Jalia Lyon and removed to Brimfield, Edwin Osgood, Oct. 30, 1815. 

O. ; d. June 12, 1869. Elias Eudocius, June 11, 1809; d. Aug. 

Timothy Walker, July 2, 1809. 23, 1840. 

£dwin Ballard, Jan. 23, 1811; d. Sept. Samuel John Mills, April 3, 1825; d. 

28, 1812. Jan. 20, 1834. 



THE CHARLES FAMILY. 

1. CHAKLES, John, who came to Brimfield from Springfield. 

was one of the original settlers, and drew the fourth lot in the division 

of lands. He was third of the name in this country, the first John 

Charles being a resident of Charlestown in 1636. The subject of this 

sketch and his descendants were among the largest land-holders of 

the town. He married Elizabeth Swetman, March 10, 1709. 
Ch.i Elizabeth, Oct. 3, 1711 ; m. Benja- Aaron. 

min Cooley, Jr., Sept. 1, 1730. Abraham, Nov. 20, 1716. 

John, Aug. 6, 1713. Jonathan. 

2. John, Jr., s. of John, b. Aug. 6, 1713 ; m. Abigail. 

Ch. : Olive, Dec, 1740. Hannah, March 26, 1748. 

Elinor, April 21, 1742. Abner, April 29, 1751. 

Abigail, March 2, 1744 ; d. Nov.. 28, 1749. Samuel, Sept. 6, 1755. 
John, Feb. 28, 1746; m. Phebe Russell, 
Oct. 12, 1769. 

3. Ajiron, 8. of John, m. Elizabeth Burt, Oct. 1747 ; d. Nov. 18, 

1802 ; she d. April 9, 1819. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, April 21,1748; d. Oct. Elizabeth, March 4, 1761; m. Hosea 

7, 1754. Sprague, Jan. 6, 1785. 

Aaron, June 16, 1751 ; d. Sept. 30, 1751. Araunah 19, 1767. 

Thomas, Nov. 12, 1752 ; d. Oct. 5, 1754. Nancy, Nov. 27, 1772 ; m. Tertius Ellin 

Aaron, Aug. 27, 1755; d. Sept. 18, 1821. wood, Nov. 17, 1791. 
Thomas, Oct. 31, 1758. 

4. Jonathan, s. of John, m. Judith Smith, Aug. 8, 1750. 

Ch. : Solomon, Dec. 8, 1750. Elizal)eth, Sept. 15, 1759 ; m. Baily Bond, 

Judith, Nov. 24, 1752; d. Oct., 1754. 1780. 

Jonathan, Nov. 17, 1754; d. April 17, Neheraiah, Dec. 13,1761. 

1805. Simeon and Levi (twins), July 5, 1764; 

Judith, Aug. 7, 1757. Levi d. July 30 1764. 

• Abigail, Sept 29, 1770. 

6. Abraham, s. of John, b. Kov. 20, 1716 ; m. Sarah Holbrook, 
1760; she d. March 27, 1795; he d. May 26, 1804. 
Ch.: Nathaniel, Aug. 1, 1762. Pelatiah, Jiui. 30, 1767; d. Dec. 2, 1795. 

Abraham, Nov. 2, 1763 ; d. Aug. 1 1, 1764. Darius, Dec. 6, 1768. 
John, July 6, 1765. 



390 GENEALOGY. 

6. Thomas, s. of Aaron, b. Oct. 31, 1758 . d. April 3, 1843 ; m. 

Phebe Bond, Feb. 22, 1781 ; she d. Aug. 21, 1833 ; m. (2) Sally Wedge, 

Sept. 10, 1834 ; she d. April 3, 1843. 

Ch.: James, Oct. 25, 1781. Sally, Nov. 30, 1784; m. Gideon Dim- 

mick, Feb. 18, 1806. 

7. Capt. Arauxah, 8. of Aaron, b. 1767 ; d. May 11, 1821 ; 
m. Polly Bugbee, March 5, 1789 ; she d. July 24, 1806 ; m. (2) Hannah 
Smith, Dec. 9, 1806 ; their son Aaron born May, 1807. 

8. Solomon, s. of Jonathan, b. Dec. 8, 1750 ; m. Mary Abbott, 
June 17, 1773 ; she d. Aug. 22, 1791 ; m. (2) Hannah Tomblin, Jan. 
16, 1794. 

Ch. : Mary, Feb. 6, 1774. Danforth, May 20, 1779. 

Levi, May 22, 1775. Anne, Jan. 18, 1781. 

Danforth, March 14, 1777 ; d. Sept. 29, Patty, Feb. 4, 1785. 

1778. Pease, April 9, 1791 ; d. April 17, 1791. 

9. Nbiiemiah, 8. of Jonathan, b. Dec. 13, 1761; m. Phebe — ; 
their son Abner b. Oct. 2, 1800. 

10. Simeon, s. of Jonathan, b. July 5, 1764 ; d. Aug. 30, 1828 ; 
m. Khoda. 

Ch. : Nabby, March 21, 1798. Samuel, May 31, 1804. 

Kiel, May 8, 1800. 

11. Nathaniel, s. of Abraham, b. Aug. 1, 1762 ; d. March 12, 
1819 ; m. Mary Lumbard, April 10, 1794. 

Ch.: John, 1795. Lydia; m. Washiugton Upham Nov. 17, 

Sarah, Nov. 20, 1796; m. Roswell Lum- 1825. 

bard, March 4, 1819. Elmira; d. young. 

Pelatiah, 1799 ; d. 1873. Sophia, July 21, 1809; d. April 21, 1810. 

Adolino, 1801 ; m. I^Ikiu Sprague Feb. Goliath. 

5, 1826. Mary, Miirch, 1815 ; m. Lyman Harding. 

12. Darius, s. of Abraham, b. Dec. 6, 1768 ; d. Oct. 24, 1859 ; 

m. Prudence Faulkner, Jan. 20, 1803 ; she d\ Feb. 4, 1824 ; m. (2) 

Tirzah Holbrook, Dec. 22, 1825 ; she d. March 22, 1826 ; m. (3) 

Thena A. Thompson, April 30, 1828; she d. June 16, 1868. 
Ch. : Truman, March 29, 1804. Salem. April 11, 1813. 

Abraham, Feb. 5, 1807. Dwight, May 7, 1816 ; d. March 8, 1824. 

Daniel F., April 7, 1810; d. Aug. 25, 
1813. 

13. Levi, s. of Solomon, b. May 22, 1775; m. Sally Blashfield ; 
she d. June 4, 1854; he d. April 27, 1841. 

Ch.: Patty, Nov. 8, 1798; d. Dec. 29, Luke Blashfield, Dec. 16, 1801. 
1874. 

14. James, s. of Thomas, b. Oct. 25, 1781 ; m. Laura. 

Ch. : James Monroe, Sept. 17, 1819. John Adam8, April 20, 1823. 

Thomas Jefferson, Feb. 22, 1821. Aaron Lafayette, Sept. 28, 1824. 

George Washington, March 18, 1822. Simon Bolivar, Feb. 3, 1826. 



GENEALOGY. 391 

15. Tbuman, 8. of Capt. Darius, b. March 29, 1804 ; m. Mary C. 
Allen, Oct. 27, 1830. 

Ch,: Jane E. Dec. 10, 1832 ; m. William Sarah F. April 28, 1841. 

H. Skerry, Oct. 24, 1855. Drtnght A., May 10, 1843. 

Mary L., Sept. 17, 1839. Edward 0., July 3, 1849. 

16. Abraham, s. of Capt Darius, b. Feb. 5, 1807 ; m. Sarah 
Jane Thompson, May 3, 1837 ; she d. Feb. 6, 1840 ; m. (2) Esther 
L. Wallis, Sept. 29, 1841. 

Ch. : Ellen Adelia, March 16, 1838 ; m. Byron W.. Jan. 6, 1845. 

Edward Bliss, June 4, 1872. Wilder Allen, Aug. 20, 1847. 

Lavan Augusta, Aug. 22, 1842 ; m. Henry Salem Darius, March 19, 1850. 

D. Hyde, Oct. 9, 1866. Frederic Abraham, March 10, 1863. 

17. Luke B., s. of Levi, b. Dec. 16, 1801 ; d. March 27, 1850 ; m. 
Louisa B. Thompson ; she d. Aug. 24, 1862 ; their daughter Sarah m. 
John L. Bacon. 

THE COLLIS FAMILY. 

1. COLLIS, Jonathan, b. in Sturbridge Oct. 16, 1791 ; d. Oct. 
27, 1868 ; m. Phebe Parker, Nov. 1, 1810 ; she d. May 6, 1864. 

Ch. : Luther, July 23, 181 1. Charles, Jan. 3, 1822. 

Miranda, June 25, 1813. Ann S., Dec. 30, 1825 ; d. July 22, 1850. 

Xooisa, Sept. 12, 1814. Cynthia. Dec. 21. 1828. 

Joseph, July 23, 1816. Mary, Oct. 26, 1830. 

John, May 29, 1818. 

2. John, s. of Jonathan, b. May 29, 1818 ; m. Cynthia Silloway 
Sept. 11, 1843; she d. March 29, 1861 j ra. (2) Adelaide Dodge, May 
29, 1863 

Ch.: George W., 1847. 

3. Charles, s. of Jonathan, b. Jan. 3, 1822; d. Sept. 26, 187G; m. 
Martha Belknap Nov. 25, 1845; she d. Aug. 24, 1861 ; m. (2) Mrs. 
Lucy A. Hughs, Feb. 18, 1869. 

Ch.: Martha E., July 21,1846; m. John Lydia D., Feb. 3, 1856; m. John P. 

Griggs, Nov. 1, 1876. Sleeper, Oct. 14, 1876. 

Charles F. W., May 20, 1848. Alonzo B., March 7, 1839. 

Ella A, July 6, 1850 ; m. Frank I. Brown, Arthur B., March 26, 1861 . 

June 28, 1868. Alice B., Jan. 10, 1872 ; d. April 4, 1878. 
Axchia J., Dec. 6, 1854 ; d. Feb. 16, 1855. 

4. Geoboe W., 8. of John, b. 1847 ; m. Nettie L. Arnott, Oct. 14, 
1876 ; their daughter Lilla Bell born July 24, 1878. 

THE CONVERSE FAMILY. 

1. CONVERSE, Alpheus, b. S<fpt, 1, 1752; d. March 5, 1817 : m. 
Jerusha Eliot ; she was born Jan. 14, 1754. Ch. : Jerusha, Joseph, 



392 GENEALOGY. 

Benjamin, March 9, 1779 ; Charles, Feb. 21, 1781 ; Alpheus, Jr., Feb. 
27, 1783; Marquis, August 16, 1785; Adelphia. 

CONVERSE, Makquis, the first of the name in Brimfield, was 
born in Thompson, Ct., in 1785, and was the son of Alpheus and 
Jerusha Converse, who were married and lived there. He was a direct 
descendant of Edward and Allen Converse, who came from England 
with the Winthrop fleet in 1630, the latter having a grant of land in 
Salem the year following, and Edward running the first ferry between 
Boston and Charlestown. He is also mentioned as a deacon of the 
church, frequently as juror, appraiser of land, and road commissioner. 
Later in life he was Representative to General Court from Woburn. 
James, a son of Allen, was distinguished as a major in the Indian 
war. Finally the branches of the family drifted apart, some settling 
in the Connecticut colony, and others in what is now Vermont. 

1. ^Iarquis, 8. of Alpheus, b. Aug. 16, 1785 ; d. Oct. 12, 1842 ; 
m. Sophia Lyon, April 27, 1808 ; she d. Oct. 15, 185L 

Ch. : Marquis Lyon, Feb. 1, 1809. Eudocia Carter, Jan. 21, 1822 ; m. W. N. 

Charles Washington, Dec. 12, 1810; d. Flynt, Nov. 23, 1852. 

April 10, 1812. Alfred Lyon, Aug. 23, 1824. 

Lydia Lyon, March 4, 1815 ; m. John W. George Alpheus, June 24, 1827. 

Foster, Oct. 24, 1839. Sophia Burt, May 21, 1831 ; m. C. W. 

Charles Elliot, March 2, 1818. Holmes, Jr., Sept. 1876. 

2 Marquis L., s. of Marquis, b. Feb. 1, 1809 ; d. June 8, 1874 ; 

m. Marv Pickett. 

Ch.: Marquis Pickett, Aug., 1847; d. Horatio L., Sept. 12, 1852. 

May 13, 1862. John F., April 6, 1855. 

Charles A., 1849; d. May 10, 1852. 

3. Charles E., s. of Marquis, b. March 2, 1818; d. July 27, 
1862 ; m. Sarah AVheeler. 

Ch. : Charles H., Feb., 1850. Alfred. 

Alma. 

4. Alfred L., s. of Marquis, b. Oct. 23, 1824; m. Almira C. 
Sedgwick, Oct. 20, 1847. 

Ch.: Mary Scdg^vick, Dec. 15, 1848; Charles Lyon, Sept. 28, 1863. 
d. Nov. 10, 1852. 

5. George A., s. of Marquis, b. June 24, 1827 ; m. Agnes Kjist, 
Nov. 24, 1852; in. (2) Amelia Billings, Oct. 18, 1871. 

Ch. : George Marquis, Aug. 1, 1872. Anna Billings, July 26, 1874. 

THE COYE FAMILY. 

1. COYE, Simeon, d. April 20, 1857, age 82; m. Rhoda Brown, 
she d. Oct. 27, 1846. 



GENEALOGY. 393 

Ch.'. Samuel Nichols, Aiifj. 25, 1808. Adaline Broi^ii, Feb. 25, 1811 ; m. John 

Mary Barker, Nov. 2, 180*); m. Cheney Tyler, Int., Jan. 8, 1834. 

Sumner, May 9, 1833. William Porter, Feb., 1817; d. Nov. 12, 

1847. 

2. Samuel N., s. of Simeon, b. Aug. 25, 1808 ; d. m. Laura Ferry, 
Dec. 24, 1834. 

Ch. : Samuel Lucins, March 31, 1837. Charles Henry, Aug. 19, 1849. 

John Tyler, May 30, 1839. Frank Sumner, Aug. 2, 1852. 

Laura Josejihine, 1843 ; d. Nov. 23, 1845. Catharine Madora, Oct. 23, 1857. 

3. Samuel L., s. of Samuel N., b. March 31, 1837; m. Anna 
Maria Parker, Nov. 24, 1858. 

4. John T., s. of Samuel N., b. May 30. 1839 ; d. Dec. 17, 1876 ; 

m. Sophia J. Parter May 28, 1862. 
Ch. : Laura Josephine Dec. 1 9, 1 8C3. 

THE CROUCH FAMILY. 

1. CROUCH, ErHRAiM, m. Rhoda Stebbins, Sept. 3, 1704 ; she d. 
Nov. 28, 1815 ; m. (2) Abigail Allard, March 3, 1816 ; she d. Nov. 10, 
1860 ; he d. April 6, 1856. 

Ch. : Rhoda, Aug. 24, 1795. Betsey Maria, Nov. 26, 1818. 

Ruel, May 9, 1797 ; d. Aug. 28, 1820. Benjamin, Oct. 29, 1820. 

William, March 20, 1799. Albert, Dec. 16, 1822; d. Oct. 19, 1861. 

Zerah, Oct. 26, 1800. George Francis, Nov. 12, 1824. 

Marcy, May 1, 1802. Mary Eliza, Sept. 13, 1826; m. Roswell 

Levi Stebbins, Sept. 20, 1803. Dunham. 

Ephraim, Feb. 24, 1805. Henry Davis, Oct. 29, 1828. 

Lucinda, June 9, 1807. Caroline Melvina, Nov. 5, 1830; m. 

Eudocia, Feb. 15, 1809. Ephraim Slocum. 

John S., Jan. 25, 1811. Abigail, Jan. 7, 1833 ; d. Oct. 18, 1833. 

Emily, Jan. 11, 1813. Austin Seymour, Dec. 21, 1834. 

rhinehas, Nov. 18, 1814. Edwin Lyman, Feb. 1, 1838. 

David Alhird, Nov. 26, 1816 ; m. Hannah 

Parker, Dec. 2, 1836; she d. Feb. 7, 

1850; m. (2) Lucy (Shaw) AVakefield, 

July 2, 1864 ; d. Nov. 2. 1867. 

THE DANIELSON FAMILY. 

John Danielson, who received the thirty-nintli grant of land in 
Brimfield, is 8ui)posed to have come from Scotland ; tliough the Dan- 
ielsons of Danielsonville, Ct., think he was the son of James Daniel- 
son, who came from Scotland, settling iirst at Block Island, wlience 
he went to Quebec as a soldier under Wolfe, taking part in the battle 
with Montcalm, and on his return settling in Killingly, Ct, where his 

50 



394 GENEALOGY. 

descendants still live. This branch of the family also produced a 
General Danielson in Revolutionary davs, and four members have 
been college graduates — two from Yale and two from Williams 
college. But while the same traits appear in both families, there is 
no record to show that John was the son of James. The 
grant of John was on the hill occupied later by Julius Burt 
and Elias Tarbell, the hoijse in which he lived probably stand- 
ing near the site of Mr. Burt's house. This hill was formerly known 
as the " Danielson Hill," and in all our older records the school dis- 
trict which has lately been known as the South Brick, and No. 4 was 
called Danielson Hill District. He was prominent in the early history 
of the town, and his name often appears on the records of the church. 

1. DANIELSON, John, m. Margaret Mighell, March 23, 1727. 

Ch. : John, Dec. 8, 1728. Mary, Jan. 12, 1736. 

Nathaniel, April 8, 1729. Sanih, Jnno 2. 1741; m. John Wallis, 

Margaret, Sept. 8, 1731. June 16, 1763. 

Timothy, Dec. 6, 1 733. 

2. John, Jr., s. of John, b. Dec. 8, 1727 ; m. Ruth Blodgett, Aug. 
30, 1750 ; she d. Feb. 4, 1807. 

Ch. : Timothy, July 14, 1751. Lt>thario, Aug. 25, 1760; d. Jan. 14, 1763. 

Frederick, Aug. 25, 1753; d. Aug. 18, Alt^mont, Nov. 43, 1762. 

1776. Kuth, Jan. 17, 1766 ; m. Nathan Morgan, 

Calvin, June 4, 1755. Feh. 28, 1793. 

Luther, Jan. 2, 1757. Nathaniel, Sept. 8, 1768. 
Calista, Feh. 28, 1758 ; m. Zadoc Nichola, Lothario, March 24, 1775. 

Dec. 10, 1778. 

3. Nathaniel, second s. of John, b. April 8,1729; m. Mary 
Morgan Aug. 23, 1753; she d. Dec. 25, 1776 ; m. (2) Rose Corlis, ALiy 
11, 1780. He was active in the Revolutionary struggle, and 1776 was 
appointed muster master by the town, with authority to collect and 
pay out bounty money. He died Nov. 5, 1809. 

Ch. : Eli. March 5, 1754 ; d. ()ct.25, 1776. Sarah, Sept. 19,1765 ; d. Aug. 7, 1766. 

Lucv, Feh. 6, 1757 ; m. Aaron Mighell, Polly, June 15, 1767 ; d. Jan. 20, 1772. 
Nov. 11, 1779. Benjamin, May 5, 1770. 

Betty, April 21, 1760; m. Lewis Collins, Polly, Sept. 19, 1773. 
Nov. 30, 1786. 

Daniel, Man-h 7, 1763; m. Lucy Brown- 
ing, July 14, 1780; d. Oct. 10, 1798. 

GENERAL TIMOTHY DANIELSON. 

Among the nunics that Brim field delights to honor, in connection 
witli its Kevolutionary record, tliere is one hrigliter and more prom- 
inent than any other — that of General Timothy Danielson, the third 
son of John. He was evidently a youth of much promise, and his 



GENEALOGY. 395 

father intended him for the ministry. He graduated at Yale in 
1756, and is said to have preached several sermons — a manuscript in his 
handwriting in the possession of Capt. F. D. Lincoln being probably 
one of them. But he never became a preacher, and after some ex- 
perience as a teacher, having tauglit the first Grammar school in the 
town, is reported in 1771 as one of the two traders then in Brimfield. 
He was Representative from 1766 to 1773, and as the troubles with 
the English government thickened he warmly took up the cause of the 
colonists. He was a member of the First Provincial Congress, which 
met at Salem, Oct. 7, 1774, and served on several important commit- 
tees. When the Fecoud Congress met at Cambridge the following 
February he was appointed chairman of the Military Committee, a 
very important place, and he was also a member of the Third Con- 
gress, which met at Watertown four months later. In the mean time 
he w^as commissioned colonel of the regiment raised in the western 
part of Massachusetts, and was ordered to join the patriot army then 
near Boston. Whether he was engaged in the battle of Bunker Hill 
is not known, though it is probable ; but soon after he was commis- 
sioned as General, and engaged in recruiting soldiers and forwarding 
supplies to the army. Among the treasured papers of his descendants 
is a letter from Gen. Horatio Gates, commending his energy in the 
discharge of these duties. In 1783 he was the senior major general 
of the state militia. 

When the Court of Common Pleas for Hampshire County was organ- 
ized, he received the appointment of Chief Justice — a very marked 
honor when we bear in mind the fact that he was not by profession a 
lawyer.* He w^as also a member of the convention which framed the 
Massachusetts State Constitution in 1779-80, and has the (credit of in- 
troducing some of its more imi)ortant provisions. After its adoption 
he served the people as Senator and Councilor for several successive 
years In 1779 he received from Harvard College the honorary de- 
gree of A. A. S. He was twice married, and was the father of two 
sons and three daughters. The two sons were lieutenants in the army 
and navy respectively, and died without children, so that the only 
known living descendants of John Danielson are in the family of Dr. 
Lincoln and the grandchildren of Zadoc Nichols. Gen. Danlelson died 
at his home in Brimfield. Sept. 19, 1791, at the age of 5S, and was 
buried with high military honors. 

Dr. Holland, in his " History of Western ^Fassachusetts," 8a3'8 of 
Gen. Danielson : ** He was the leading spirit in this region during the 

•It was while filling this jiulResblp tluit Ooii. Daiiiclson had to deal with Sbay*8 rebels, an 
incident of which is given ou page M: 




396 GENEALOGY. 

Revolutionary poriod, and left the impress of his mind on all the pub- 
lic proceedings. According to tradition he possessed a Herculean 
frame, united with Herculean strength. He was bold, energetic, aud 
combined in an eminent degree many of the qualities of a popular 
leader •' It is worthy of remark that, noth withstanding his great 
popularity in the town and their pride in his record, he never received 
a majority of the votes cast in Brimfield for an}' higher i>osition than 
a town office, after the adoption of the constitution — the town being 
Federal in its politics while he was a Republican. 

4. TiMOTiir, third s. of John, b Dec. C, 1733; m. Beulah Win- 
chester, Nov. 26, 1701 ; m. (2) Elizebeth Sykes ; d Sept. 19, 1791. 
Ch.: Sarah, Aii;^. 17, 1766. Eli, 1789; Lieutenant in the navy; died 
Martha, Doc. 24, 1768. at Brooklyn, N. Y., Aug. 5, 1808. 
Timothy, 1787; was lieutenant in the Sarah,* 1790 ; m. Dr. Asa Lincoln, Sept. 

army and d. of fever while marching 4, 1809; d. Aug. 10, 1830. 
witli Gen. Harrison to retake Detroit, 
Dec. 21, 1812. 

5. Frederick, second s. of John, Jr., b. Aug. 25, 1753; m. 
Keziah Mighell, Feb. 9, 1775. Their child was Frederick, b. Nov. 7, 

' 6 Luther, fourth s. of John, Jr., b. Jan. 2, 1757 ; m. Katie . 

Ch. : Plina, Dec. 2, 1787. William, Anjr. 14, 1798. 

Jt).seph, April 3, 1792. Luther, March 25, 1800. 

Kuth, Dec. 31, 1794. 

THE DEARTH FAMILY. 

DEARTH, Thomas, b. March 2G, 1777 ; d. Sept. 19, 18G3; m. 
Mehitable j^liss; she d. Aug. 30, 1820. 

C/i. : Henry, Nov. 25, 1804. Thomas Williams, Dec. 22, 1812. 

Persis Elvira, Jan. 29, 1807; m. Porter Mehitahle, Nov. 12, 1814; m. Ebenezer 

P(!l>per, Julv' 21, 1833. Nye, 18.39. 

Sarah, May 4, 1809; m. John Prouty, Feh. Levi Bliss, Aug. 30, 1816. 

5, 1834. Electa Maria, Jau. 28, 1819; m. George 
Kachol Fowler, March 1 1, 181 1 ; m. Faulk- W. Lincoln, Sept. 8, 1839. 

ner Hill. AVilliam, Aug. 23, 1820. 

THE DUNHAM FAMILY. 

1. DUXHAM, MiCAiAH, m Mary ; he d. Nov., 1756. 

Ch. : Thomjis, 1737. Mary, m. Ohed Hitchcock, Jime 19, 1771. 

Joseph, Jan. 2*J, 1739. Lois, m. Samiiel Nichol, Sept. 5, 1771. 

Davitl, Fol). 1, 1741. Eunice, m. Zerah Stebbius, June 11, 1771. 

Thankfiill, Aug. 3, 1743; m. Ebenezer Lytlia. 

Frost. Jr., June is 1773. 

*(;«Mi. Warren in h\n adilrcss, page '2''2, refers to Sarah E. Danielpon as the daughter of 
Orn. Katon. This is ^li^htly incorre<'t, a.s <J«*ii. Katon was only a stepfather, having mar- 
ried ihf widow of Gou. Danltdsun sc»on after ihe latter's death. 



GENEALOGY. 397 



2. Thomas, s. of Micaiah, b. 1737; in. Sarali 



Ch.i Sarah, May 13, 1762; m. Samuel John, March 1.3, 1767. 

Weaver, July 20, 1780. Ruth, Oct. 7, 1769. 

Liucy. Jonathan, Jan. 13, 1773. 

3. Joseph, s. of Micaiah, b. Jan. 22, 1739 ; m. Sarah Davis. 

Ch. : Benjamin, Feb. 2, 1760. Solomon, Dec. 17, 1770. 

•Toscph, Jr., July 7, 1761. Sarah, April 1,1775; m. Ezra Lovejoy 

Micaiah, Feb. 9, 1766. Jan. 19, 1796. 

llannah, Nov. 11, 1767; m. Ebcnezer 
Pratt, Sept. 14, 1789. 

4. David, s. of Micaiah, b. Feb. J, 1741 ; ra. Tabitha . 

Ch. : Eleanor,, June 11, 1770. Nathaniel, Nov. 28, 1773. 

Johnson, Oct. 20, 1771. David, Jr., Dec. 3, 1775. 

5. Benjamin, s. of Joseph, b. Feb. 2, 1760 ; d. April 13, 1801 ; 
m. ; m. (2) Charlotte Thayer, Dec. 5, 1793. 

Ch. : A nice. BetHey. 

Claris{«i. Sophia, Aug. 17, 1797. 

Hannah. Robert Farrel, July 23, 1799. 

Sally. rortor, June 22, 1801. 

6. Joseph, Jr., s. of Joseph, b. July 7, 1761 ; d. Aug. 2, 1831 ; 

m. Sabra Clark; she <1. June 12,1792; m. (2) Rebecca Hitchcock, 

Dec. 27, 1792. 

Ch. : Polly, May 7, 1784. Anne, June 16, 1790. 

Sabra, Sept. 17, 1785 ; m. Erastus Lum- Seth, Aug. 19, 1794. 

bard, Sept. 20, 1809. Joseph, Jan. 28, 1806 ; d. Aug. 25, 1853. 

Asa, Dec. 30, 1 787 ; Roxy Lumbard, 

March 6, 1811. 

7. Solomon, s. of Joseph, b. Dec. 17, 1770 ; d. 1836 ; m. Mary- 
Farley. 

Ch. : Samuel Farley, Nov. 30, 1801 ; d. Adolphua, Nov. 26, 1809; d. 1842. 

1835. Alviu, Oct. 20, 1811. 

Elizabeth, April 16, 1803. Mary, July 27, 1813 ; d. 1843. 

Solomon Davis, Feb. 20, 1805; d. Aug. 

22, 1810. 

8. Seth, s. of Joseph, Jr., b. Aug. 19, 1794; d. June 4, 1837; 
m. Lucy Sheman, April 12, 1824; she d. Sept. 26, 1866. 

Ch.: Ja«es Hitchcock, Aug. 23, 1827; George, March 23, 1830. 

d. Aug. 2^, 1829. Jamed, July 17, 1834. 

Rebecca, Nov. 7, 1828. 

THE ELWELL FAMILY. 

Benjamin Elwell came from Dudley to Brimfield soon after his 
marriage, and followed his trade of cabinet-making, returning to 
Dudley after a few years. His oldest son, William S. Elwell, the 
Springfield artist, was born at Brimfield, and went from Dudley to 



398 GENEALOGY. 

Springfield when he was 21, where he became a pupil of Chester 
Harding the artist. A note-worthy production of his brush is a copy 
of Stewart's portrait of Washington — his production having received 
many favorable criticisms. This portrait, Mr. El well has by his will 
given to the town of Brimfield, to be placed in the town hall. Mr. 
El well was for four years in the Treasury Department at Washington 
during the time that Gen. Warren was Second Assistant Postmaster- 
General. 

EL WELL, Benjamin, m. Mary Smith, Oct. 19, 1808. 

Ch. : William S., July 15, 1810. , Abert N., June 6, 1814. 

Elminor E., Dec. 20, 1812. Emily F., April 11, 1816. 

Emily, Sept. 30, 1813 ; d. Oct. 6, 1813. 

THE EMERSON FAMILY. 

1. EMERSON, JoNATHAM, b. in Uxbridge July 2S, 1811 ; m. 

Eunice C. Janes, April 8, 1834. 

Ch. : Fitzroy DeWitt, Nov. 20, 1835 ; d. Mary Can)line, May 21, 1847 ;^ d. Dec. 

Aril 5, 1845. 16, 1872. 

Josephine Amelia, ALarch 25, 1838. WUlie Janes, July 18, 1854 ; d. Aug. 16, 

lloleu Elizal>eth, Jan. 20, 1842; d. Sept. 1854. 

I, 1876. 

THE FAIRHANKS FAMILY. 

Deacon Ebenezer Fairbanks, the first of the name to settle in Brim- 
field, moved from Sherborn in 1783. He was a descendant of the 
fourth generation from Jonathan Fairbanks, who came to Dedham 
from Somerby in the west riding of Yorkshire, England, in 1641, with 
his family. A full sketch of the more illustrious members of the 
family is given elsewhere, (p. 189"). 

1. FAIRBANKS, Eijenezek, b. June 1, 1734; d. June 6, 1812; 

m. Elizabeth Dearth July 2, 1761 ; she d. June 15. 1818. 

Ch.\ Asii, March 4, 1762; d. 1819. Ileury, Dec. 21, 1770. 

Joseph, Nov. 1, 176.'J. ThatUleus, March 13, 1773. 

Betsey, Mv^. 23, 1766 ; d. Sept. 22, 1767. Klizabeth, Jau. 3, 1775 j d. Jan., 1855. 

Ebenexer, Dec. 15, 1768 ; d. Oct. 26, 1796. l.evi, Au^r. 24, 1778 ; d. about 1856. 

2. Joseph, s. of Ebenezer, b. Nov. 1, 1763 ; d. Sept. 2f, 1846; 
m. Phebo Paddock, Oct. 21, 1790 ; she d. May 5, 1853. 

Ch. : Enusiiis, Oct. 28, 1792. Josepli P., Nov. 26, 1806. 

Thaddcus, Jan. 17, 1796. 

3. Henry, s. of Ebenezer, b. Dec. 21, 1770 ; d. July 20, 1827 ; 

m. Margaret Bliss, Oct. 29, 1795 ; she d. June 4, 1843. 
Ch : Eliza, Sept. 29, 1796; m. Baxter Aaron B., April 11, 1805; m. Abby B. 
Wood, Nov. 19, 182.3. Janes, May 8, 1833 ; d. Aug. 28, 1841. 

Ebenezer, Jiuie 3, 1797. A«i, March 5, 1809 ; d. March 13, 1809. 

Pauline, Nov. 13, 1801. Henry, Jr., Feb. 2, 1813. 



GENEALOGT. 399 

4. Erastcjs, s. of Joseph, b. Oct. 28,1792; d. Nov. 20, 1864; m. 
Lois Grossman, May 20, 1815 ; she d. May 15, 1866. 

CA. : Jane, Dec. 3, 1816; m. Ephraim Franklin, June 18, 1828. 

Jewet, Jan. 26, 18.37 ; d. March 29, 18.')2. Sarah, Jnno 30, 1830 ; m. C. M. Stone, 
George. Jan. 21, 1819 ; d. April 20, 1843. May 4, 1859. 

Horace, March 21, 1820. Emily, March 4, 1^33; m. Rev. C. L. 
Charles, Dec. 8, 1821. Goodcll, May 5, 1859. 

Julia, June 9, 1824 ; m. John H. Paddock, Ellen, July 27, 1836 ; d. May 28, 1843. 

Feb. 11, 1857. 

5. Thaddkus, 8. of Joseph, b. Jan. 17, 1796 ; m. Lucy P. Barker, 

Jan. 17, 1820 ; she d. Dec. 29, 1866. 

Ch.: Henry, May 6, 1830; Rov. and Charlotte, July 27, 1840; m. Rev. Geo. 
Prof. Dartmouth Col. H. Webber, May 4, 1838 ; d. March 29, 

1869. 

6. Joseph P ,8. of Joseph, b. Nov. 26, 1806; m. Almira Taylor, 

June 11, 1835 ; d. May 15, 1855. 

Ck. : Edward T., May 12, 1836. William P., July 27, 1840. 

7. Ebenezer, 8. of Henry, b. June 3, 1799 ; m. Margaret Glea- 
8on, Dec. 28, 1826 

Ch, : Charles Henry, Jan. 27, 1831. Edward, Nov. 20, 1836. 

Isaac, April 4, 1833. Dwif^ht, Aug 4, 1842. 

THE PARREL FAMILY. 

1. PARREL, Andrew, s. of Josiah, b. Nov. 1, 1780 ; m. Polly 
Nutting, Nov. 16, 1802. 

Ch. : Eliza, Aug. 5, 18a3 ; m. Daniel H. Theodore, Dec. 27, 1808. 

Billings, Dec. 7, 1826. Maria Nancy, May 10, 1814. 

Emily, Feh. 24, 1804. Sarah Maria, Dec. 25, 1818. 

Lewis, Dec. 11, 1806. Frances Elizabeth, Oct. 5, 1822. 

THE FAY FAMILY. 

1. FAY, Jonathan ; m Anna . 

Ch.: Lucy, Sept. 27, 1769; m. Rufus Joel, April 10, 1778. 

Bates, Dec. 24, 1789. Jonathan, May 7, 1780. 

Esther, Aug. 20, 1771; m. Jool Barrows, Anna, Sept. 6, 1783. 

Se^t. 29, 1791. Simon, March 2, 1786. 
Anna, Aug. 17, 1774 ; d. Oct. 23, 1776. 

2. Ukiah, b. 1745; d. Aug. 12, 1822 ; m. Hepzibah ; m. (2) 

Elizabeth ; she d. Nov. 15, 1838. 

Ch. : Matilda, 1775 ; m. Jonathan Chapin, Sally, Dec. 19, 1777. 
Dec. 18, 1794; d. March 3, 1796. 

3 Levi ; d. May 15, 1833 ; m. Nabby ; she d. March 18, 1837. 

Ch. : Fanny, Feb. 14, 1787; d. Jan. 23,1812. Lucy, July 4, 1792. 
Nabby, Sept- 6, 1789 ; m. Amariah llol- Francis, Nov. 1, 1794; d. April 17, 1796. 
brook, Oct. 1, 1815. Maria, Feb. 16, 1797. 



400 GENEALOGY. 

JosophC, Dec. 5, 1799. Charlotte, Feb. 11, 180C; d. June U, 

1806. 

4. Thomas, m. Esther Cliapwell, Jan. 14, 1779 ; she d. Nov. 29, 
1837. 

Ch. ': Betsey, Jan. 28, 1781. Polly, Anp. 22, 1791. 

Elisha, April 9, 1783. Olive, July 28, 1793. 

Kathau, April 19, 1785; m. Thirza Thomas, Sept. 1, 1795. 

Nichols, Jan. 9, 1812. Koxy ; d. Dec. 29, 1797. 

Esther, Oct. 9, 1787. Uenry, Oct. 31, 1798. 

Lucy, Jan. 1, 1790; m. Levi Thompson, 

April 19, 1814. 

6. Elisha, 8. of Tliomas, h. April 9, 1783 ; m. Lucy . 

Ch. : Koxana, April 20, 1808. Lucy Marilla, Nov. 20, 1819. 

Harriet, Jan. 2, 1810. Caroline, April 22, 1822. 

Marian, March 11, 1812. Lucius Newton, April 21, 1823. 

AVarren Goodell, Sept. 22, 1814. Willard Wasmus, July 28, 1827. 

Laura Coltou, Sept. 23, 1816. Emily Jane, Feb. 26, 1830. 

6. Henby, s. of Thomas, b. Oct. 31, 1798 ; m. Hannah . 

Ch. : Alvin Dickinson, June 7, 1825. Jane Almira, June 2, 1829. 

Amos Chapel, Aug. 30, 1827. Lucetta, April 21, 1831. 

7. William B., s., of Jude and a descendant of the fourth gener- 
ation from John Fay who came from England in the Speedwell in 
1656, when eight years of age ; m. Mary Sprague, 1822 ; d. Aug. 22, 
1860 ; she d. March 22, 1853. 

Ch.: Nancy N., Sept. 19, 1824; m. Charles Kufus and William Otis (twins), 

Prancis Knowlton ; m. (2) 1) wight Sept. 17, 1828 ; Charles K., m. Emily 

Moulton ; d. in Wihraham May, 1871. Wood worth ; d. July 23, 1871 ; William 

Matilda C, 1826 ; m. Horace Green, June O. ; d. Oct. 1, 1828. 
3, 1847; d. Sept. 22, 1848. 



THE FENTON FAMILY. 

The Fenton family came from Ireland to Kutlaud, Mass., whence 
they removed to that part of Brimlield now Wales. John Fenton re- 
moved in 1792 to the west part of the town, to the homestead now 
owned by his son Ephraim. 

1. FENTON, John, b. Feb. 12, 1760; d. Sept. 7, 1826; m. 
Marcia Moulton, April 25, 1780; she d. March 29, 1809; m. 
(2) Mrs. Anna Guthrie, April 25, 1810. 
Ch. : James, July 27, 1780. John, Jr., April 13, 1793. 

Ziba, May 12, 1784. Mehitable ; m. Elisha Converse, Maj 8, 

Ei)hraim ; d. Nov. 4, 1804. 1820. 

Harvey ; d. Laura ; m. William Cooley, Dec. 26, 1822. 

Marcia ; m. Ruel Merrick, May 10, 1816. Ephraim, Oct. 15, 1804. 
Harvey, Feb. 8, 1789. 



GENEALOGY. 401 

2. James, s. of John, b. July 27, 1780 ; d. Sept. 16, 1868 ; m. 
Hannah Chandfer May 3, 1810 ; she d. May 2, 1816 ; m. (2) Achsah 
Blodgett May 28, 1817 ; she d. Sept. 18, 1871. 

Ch.: Mary, Jan. 17, 1811; m. George Chandler, Sept. 23, 1819. 

Chandler April 25, 1843. Eleanor, Sept. 3, 1821 ; d. May 7, 1825. 

Marsha, April 9, 1812 ; m. Augustus Willi&m B., June 29, 1823. 

Alexander. Achsah B., March 15, 1825 ; d. Sept. 24, 
William E., Nov. 9, 1815; d. March 22, 1826. 

1816. James D., May 29, 1827. 

Edwin T., March 30, 1818; d. Nov. 26, Benjamin B., Jan. 2.*), 1830. 

1867. Minor G., Jan. 22, 1832 ; d. Nov. 9, 1849. 

3. ZiBA, s. of John, h. May 12, 1784; d. Aug. 19, 1826; m. 

Esther King Oct. 3, 1811. 

Ch. : King Warriner, June 30, 1812. Timothy Wales, Aug. 24, 1819. 

Eliza Moulton, April 22, 1814. Ephraim Moulton, Dec. 10, 1821 ; d. 

Maria Robinson, March 6, 1816 ; d. Aug. April, 1864. 
6, 1856. 

4. Harvky, s. of John, b. Feb. 8, 1789 ; m. Lydia Hobinson Sept. 
29, 1718. 

CA. : Czarina, Oct. 21, 1819; d. Aug. 1822. Adaline L., Dec. 29, 1827; d. Oct. 24, 
Lucius Clark, Aug. 20, 1821. 1849. 

Laura Ann, Aug. 29, 1823; m. P. F. 
Spaulding Jan. 25, 1849. 

6. John, Jb., s. of John, b. April 13, 1793; m. Koxalana Byles 
Jan. 25, 1820. 

Chr. Ann Jeanette, Feh. 11, 1824; m. Mary L., Dec. 25, 1827; m. John W. 

Sullivan Converse Feb. 26, 1850. Robinson, Feb. 6, 1849. 

MathewC, Sept. 4, 1825; m. Lucy S. Justine M., March 17,1829; d. April 14, 

Grant Nov. 9, 1863. 1840. 

6. Ephraim, s. of John, b. Oct. 15, 1804 ; m. Lovina W. Nichols 
Dec. 27, 1826 ; she d. Aug. 29, 1865 ; m. (2) Amelia Goff May 9, 
1869. 

Ch. : Elvira M., April 6, 1828 ; m. George Alfred Judson, March 4, 1830 ; d. March 
. N. Stone Sept. 5, 1849. 2, 1848. 

7. Bbnjamin B., 8. of James, b. Jan. 25, 1830 ; m. Arabella Far- 

rell Not. 7, 1865. 

Ch.: James, Frank, Sept. 8, 1876. Benjamin B., Jr., Aug. t, 1876. 

Arabella, Jan. 5, 1873. 

8. Lucius C, s. of Harvey, b. Aug. 20, 1821 ; m. Jane K. Hub- 
bard, (int.) June 8, 1871; she d. March 21, 1852; m. (2) Sarah B. 

Yerrington, Feb. 26, 1854. 

Ch. : Frank W., Aug. 12, 1857. Lutie A., Oct. 24, 1869. 

Mary E. Nov. 4, 1859. Hanry B., Jan. 9, 1874. 

WiUie C, March ^,1861. 

51 




402 GENEALOGY. 



THE FERRY FAMILY. « 

Tlie Ferry family of Brinifield, are descendants of Judali Ferry, 
who lived in Palmer, near the late residence of Col. John Fenton ; 
whether he was a descendant of Mark Ferry, one of the origfbal pro- 
prietors of Brimfield, we have not been able to ascertain. 

1. FERRY, JuDAH, m. Hannah Gooley, Aug. 9, 1770. 

Ch.: Ilezekiah, Nov. 2, 1770. Hannah, April 5, 1784; m. George P. 

Sal»ra, Aug. 3, 1772 ; m. Ebenezer Stacy. Wight, June 12, 1810. 

Martha, Feb. 4, 1774 ; d. Sept. 8, 1775. Noah, April 25, 1786. 

Jonathan, Nov. 24, 1776. Oliver, June 27, 1788. 

Cliloc, May 4, 1778 ; m. Philip Lamb. Keuben, June 30, 1790. 

Molly, Aug. 26, 1779. Sally, Nov. 10, 1792; m. George Puffer. 

Judah, Jr., March 30, 1781. Samuel, Oct. 29, 1794; m. Hepzibah 

Asher, July 30, 1782. Puffer. 

2. Hezekiah, son of Judah, b. Nov 2, 1770; d. June 11, 18G0 ; 
m. Hannah Fisher ; she d. Aug. 27, 1849. 

Ch.; John, Dec. I, 1792; d. April 28, Laura, March 17, 1803; d. Sept. 21, 

1852. 1803. 

Judah, Feb. 10, 1794 ; d. Oct. 19, 1817. Louisa, Nov. 27, 1804 ; m. H. U. Sherman. 

Hezekiah, Jr., Sept. 18, 1795. William, Oct. 27, 1806. 

Samuel, Jan. 22, 1797; m. Roxana Bee- Cooley, June 7, 1808. 

ton April 5, 1830. .Harriet, Feb. 19, 1810; m. James C. 

Lucinda, March 18, 1798 ; m. Walter Burnham. 

Hayncs, May 31, 1843. Sarah, March 30, 1812 ; m. Amos Bald- 

Roswell, Oct. 16, 1799 ; d. Sept. 10, 1836. win ; d. Aug. 11, 1858. 

Olive, Aug. 22, 1801 ; m. Henry Towne ; Mary, July 1, 1815 ; m. Geo. Bacon, Sept. 

d. Aug. 13, 1873. 24, 1834. 

3. Judah, Jr., a. of Judah, b. March 80, 1781 ; m. Mary W. 

Tain tor. 

Ch.: Sabra, May 3, 1813 ; m. Bczaleel Daniel Russell, March 5, 1821. 

Sherman, May 3, 1837. Abel Rice, June 8, 1823 % d. July 12, 1825. 

Sarah, Jan. 18, 1815 ; m. Dwi^Hit Smith. Phel)e Ann, Sept. 14, 1825 ; d. July 4, 1827. 

Lucy, Jan. 5, 1817 ; m. Hezaleel Sherman. Mary Ann, Dec. 4, 1827. 

April 26, 1835 ; she d. Sept. 16, 1836. Reuben Cooley, March 6, 1830; d. April, 
Oliver, Dec. 22, 1818. 1831. 

4 Oliver, s. of Judah, b. June 27, 1788 ; d. Sept. 25, 1853 ; m. 
Mrs. riiila Hale, May 19, 1813; she d. July 22, 1867. 
Ch.\ Elam, Jan. 10, 1814. Catharine S., Jan. 17, 1825; m. Dr. C. 

Laura, March 15, 1816; m. Samuel N. M. Stuart, Jan. 2, 1848; he d. May 30, 

Cove, Dec. 24, 1834; he d. June 10, 1849; she d. July 16, 1855. 

1874 ; she d. March 1, 1874. Iliram, Oct. 5, 1872. 

Selim Newton, March 17, 1818. Henry, July I, 1830. 

Lucius, Sept. 24, 1820. 
Julia A., Aug. 13, 1823; m. John L. 

Redding, Dec. 26, 1849. 



GENEALOGY. 403 

5. Hezbkiah, Jr., s. of Hezekiah, b. Sept. 18, 1796 ; m. Anna 

Converse May 6, 1826 ; she d May 6, 1849 ; m. (2) Martha S. 

Hitchcock March 17, 1852 ; she d. Jan. 3, 1879. 
Ch.: Ann F., Dec. 11, 1826; m. Jona- Lorenzo C, Aug. 25, 1831. 
than C. Dix May 5, 1853. 

6. Lorenzo C, s. of Hezekiah, Jr , b. Aug. 25, 1831 ; d. Feb. 

2b, 1868 ; m. Lydia 0. Alexander May 5, 1859. 

Ch. : Marion Irene, Sept. 14, 1862. Etta lone, April 22, 1867. 

7. Elam, 8. of Oliver, b. Jan. JO, 1814; d. March 8, 1875; ni. 

Lovina Bugbee, Oct. 4, 1836. 

Ch. : Lucy, May 22, 1838; m. William Laura, May 24, 1842 ; d. July 18, 1843. 

Hovey, Nov. 24, 1863. Lambert K., Nov. 3, 1845. 

Mandana, April 29, 1840; m. Edwin R. Clara Jane, July 6, 1850; m. Eleazer 

Bates, Sept. 13, 1863. Moore, Nov. 5, 1873. 

THE FIELD FAMILY. 

1. FIELD, Theodore, b. May 7, 1769 ; d. April 19, 1841 ; m. 

Katy Parker Feb. 24, 1793; she d. Feb. 2, 1846. 

Ch.: Elvira, Dec. 28, 1793; m. Samuel Charles F., Sept. 11, 1802. 

Alexander Dec. 1, 1814. Orus, Nov. 8, 1804 ; m. Caroline Fish. 

Emily, Oct. 22, 1795; m. James Brown Thomas Jackson, Aug. 13, 1807. 

Oct. 22, 1815. Catherine, July 11, 1814; d. Sept. 11, 

Lucy M., Dec; 1,1797; m. Samuel A. 1816. 

Groves May 30, 1820. George P., July 23, 1819; d. Aug. 17, 

Theodore, Jr., Oct. 28, 1799. 1813. 

2. Theodore, Jr, s. of Theodore, b. Oct. 28, 1799; d. Jan. 18, 
1873, at Ware ; m. Elmira Allen, Sept. 1, 1824 ; she d. Aug. 16, 1857 ; 
m (2) Elizabeth Barr Sept. 5, 1860. 

Ch.: George Parker, July 17, 1825; d. Charles Edgar, March 17,1835; d. Feb. 

Dec. 7, 1825. 13. 1871. 

Elvira Olivia, Oct. 6, 1826 ; m. Dr. O. D. Harriet Newell, Feb. 15, 1839 ; d. Oct. 

Cass Sept. 16, 1853 ; d. Sept. 20, 1870. 24, 1840. 

Caroline Maria, July 18, 1828 ; m. John Harriet Allen, Aug. 8, 1841 ; d. July 16, 

H. Knapp Nov. 26, 1849; d. Sept. 20, 1843. 

1870. William Theodore, Aug. 26, 1845. 
Catherine Elizabeth, Sept. 2, 1832; m. 

George P. Eaton May 10, 1860. 

THE FOSKET FAMILY. 

1. FOSKET Daniel, d. Jan. 10, 1816; m. Chloe Ferry March 
22, 1781 ; m. (2) Esther Winslow, about 1788. 

Ch. : Asa, Feb. 13, 1782. Rhoda, July 27, 1789 ; m. Darius Nichob 

James, July 24, 1783 ; d. March 19, 1784. Dec. 23, 1810. 
Daniel, Jr.. Sept. 26, 1785. Esther, Jan. 26, 1798. 



404 GENEALOGY. 

John, Nov. 16, 1799. Hathaway, Sept. 20, 1806; moved toN. 

Elijah, April 21, 1802. Y. State. 

Ko8well, April 28. 1804; m. Clarissa William, Sept. 2, 1808. 
Bacon May 9, 1845. Rufus, Feb. 9, 1812. 

Emily, <i. Nov. 15, 1.833; ag3 20. 

2 Elijah^ s. of Daniel, b. April 21, 1802 ; m. Sarah King March 
30, 1831 ; she d. Feb. 6, 1851. 

Ch,: Lovina J., May 28,1832; m. Rua- Sarah Emily, Dec. 10, 1841; d. Nov. 4, 

sell Ferrv. 1870. 

John, March 10, 1835. Julia M., June 21, 1848; d. Jan. 4, 1857. 

3. William, s. of Daniel, b. Sept. 2, 1808 ; m. Olive Hubbard 

June 8, 1842. 

Ch.: WiUiam F., July 16, 1845; d. George H., Dec. 14, 1847; m. Ella A. 
March 3, 1861. Woods, May 3, 1869 ; d. Nov. 30, 1870. 

4. RuFUS, 8. of Daniel ; m. Hancy E. Wright May 9. 1843. 

Ch. : Cliarles W., April 5, 1844. D. Winslow, April 1, 1848. 



THE FOSTER FAMILY. 

1. FOSTER, Rev. Festus, b. Sept. 30, 1776 ; d. April 30, 1846; 

m. Patience Wells; she d Nov. 20, 1819; m. (2) Mrs. Elizabeth 

Tiffany ; she d. Jan. 27, 1852. 

Ch.: Mary Wells. Francis F., March, 1818: d. Aug. 26 

Fisher Ames, July 4, 1811. 1*819. 

John Wells, 1815^ 

2. John W., s. of Rev. Festus, b 1815 ; d. at Hyde Park, Chicago, 

June 29, 1873; ra. Lydia L. Converse Oct. 24, 1839. 

Ch. : Manpiis Converse, July, 1841 ; d. Harriet Lyon, Oct. 2, 1847; d. June 15, 

Sophy Elizabeth, Aug. 20, 1843; m. G. 1848. 

(i. Symes July 13, 1875. Alice Eudocia, Dec. 16, 1850 ; m. James 

Mary Wells, May 7, 1845; d. July 27, McK. Sanger June 28, 1871. 

1847. Kate Converse, May 8, 1856. 

THE GARDNER FAMILY. 

1. GARDNER, Humphrey, s. of William, b. Feb. 1769 ; removed 
from Wales to Brimfield, 1821; d. May 12, 1843, m. Sally Nichols 
June 9, 1791 ; she d. Jan 8, 1867. 
Ch.: Sophia, Jan. 26, 1792; m. Jonas Mary Eli7.a and Clementina (twins), 

Green Sept. 5, 1816. July 9, 1803. 

Mercy, Oct. 7, 1794; m. Nathan C. Shaw Asenath, May 9, 1805; m. Absalom 

May 1, 1821. Gardner Nov. 24, 1864. 

Daniel, Feb. 17, 1796 ; d. 1818. Sarah ; d. in inf. 

Horace, Jan. 9, 1798. William II., Nov. 10, 1813. 

Kli, March 10, 18<K). 



OENEALOGr. 405 

2. John, m. Esther Fenton Nov. 2, 1784. He built and kept for 
several years the hotel at Brimfield, and removed later to Central 
New York. 

Ch : Betsey. Timothy; d. Sept. 19, 1828. 

John, Jr. Dwight, May 18, 1797. 

Susan; m. Abner Hitchcock Nov. 12, 

1815. 

THE GLEASON FAMILY. . 

Gleason, Jason, b. March 30, 1760 ; d. Oct. 18, 1829 ; m. Olive 
Draper, April 2, 1789 ; she was born Jan. 12, 1766 ; d. Feb. 13, 1849. 
Ch.: Artemus, Jan. 23, 1790. Rial and Maria, twins, Jnne 19, 1798; 

Silas, Oct. 24, 1791 ; d. Nov. 7, 1791. Maria m. James Thurston, Dec. 5, 1827. 

Olive, July 7, 1793 ; d. Oct. 21, 1795. Polly, Dec. 19, 1802 ; d. AprQ 10, 1819. 

Stephen, July 13, 1795. Hiram, July 21, 1806. 

HiBAM, s. of Jason, b. July 21, 1806; d. Oct. 1, 1848; m. Eliza A. 

Bemis, Jan. 1, 1837. 

Ch. : Julia, 1837 ; d. Jan. 3, 1842. Elizabeth, m. Jehiel Webb, of Sherburne, 

Augusta, m. Augustus Finney of Pittsfield, Vt. 
Vt. 

THE GOODALE FAMILY. 

1. GOODALE, Nathan M., b. June 8, 1813 ; m. Lucy M. Homer 
Oct. 24, 1837. 

Ch. : Mary Elizabeth, April 24, 1839 ; d. Edward Hdmer, Nov. 5, 1851 ; d. Jan. 3, 
Aug. 11, 1872. ^ 1854. 

THE GRIGGS FAMILY. 

Joseph Griggs, the first of the name to settle in Brimfield, came to 
town in the year 1800, from Union, Ct., with his family of fourteen 
children, though many of the latter afterward removed to other parts 
of the country. 

1. GRIGGS, Joseph, b. Nov. 14, 1761 ; d. Aug. 26, 1840; m. 
Penelope Goodell ; she d. March 27, 1816 ; m. (2) Mrs. Hannah Ham- 
mond March 30, 1817. 

Ch. : Elisha, Oct. 12, 1770. Bradford, April 27, 1786; m. Friacilla Lil- 

Albigence, Dec. 1, 1772. ley Sept. 8, 1805. 

Samnel, Feb. 26, 1775 ; m. Hannah Tar- Orlando, March 30, 1789. 

hell Jan. 27, 18a3. Lydia, March 14, 1791 ; m. Lyman Brace 

Lucinda, March 12, 1777. May 3, 1810. 

Hannah, Feb. 14, 1779. Dorcas, Jan. 18, 1793. 

Polly, Jan. 4, 1781. Lncina, Sept. 30, 1794. 

Sarah, June 16, 1783. Annis, Jan. 27, 1797 ; m. John C. Stebbins 

James, April 7, 1785. * May 18, 1820. 




406 GENEALOGY. 

2. Albigence, 8. of Joseph, b. Dec. 1, 1772 ; d. Sept. 7, 1844 ; m. 
Lydia Fletcher; she d. March 17, 1870. 

Ch: Chester, Feb. 21, 1794. Albigence Waldo, May 16, 1805. 

Lyman, March 30, 1 797 Lydia Adaliue and Harvey I)wight(twin8), 
Mahala, Dec. 6, 1799 ; m. Ilo])ert Peck- Oct. 17, 1807; Lydia d. Dec. 5, 1854. 

ham. May 31, 1843. Orril, April 10, 1810; d. July 19, 1869' 

3. Orlando, s. of Joseph, b. March 30, 1789; d. Feb. 8, 1869; 
m. Cynthia Janes, April 26, 1810; she d. March 1, 1822; m. (2) 
Nabby Lee; she'd. June 3, 1853; m (3) Orpha 0. Morse March 28, 
1855. 

Ch: Martha Maria, May 13, 1813; m. Timothy B. Nov. 12, 1817 

George V. Corey Oct. 3, 1837. Joseph Cheney, Aug. 8, 1819. 

Mary Burt, Juno 18, 1815 ; m. Horace D. Cv-nthia Janes, Nov. 22, 1822 ; ra. Henry^ 
Monson Sept. 2. 1836. H. Tarbell Aug. 22, 1842. 

William Carlo, May 11, 1811. 

4. Chester, s. of Albigence, b. Feb. 21, 1794 ; d. Nov. 28, 1865 ; 

m. Lydia M King June 13, 1816; she d. Feb. 24, 1853; m. (2) 

Eunice Fairbanks ; she d. Aug. 25, 1867. 

Ch : Amos King, June 10, 1817. Samantha King, June 1 1 , 1828;m. Charles 

Lyman Franklin, Oct. 19, 1821 ; d. Aug. A. Brown Sept. 16, 1849. 

26, 1857. Andrew Jack.Hon, July 16, 1830 

Lydia Mahala, Feb. 21, 1823 ; d. Sept 6, Harvey Dwight, July 24, 1833 ; d. April 

1824. 20, 1835. 

Clark Robinson, Nov. 6, 1824. Charles Kollin, Feb. 25, 1836.* 
Louisa Maria, Feb. 28, 1826; m. Elisha 

Hunt. 

5. Lymax, 8. of Albigence, b March 30, 1797; d. Nov. 4, 1842; 

m. Betsey Maria Brown Dec. 29, 1825. 

Ch. : Caroline, July 16, 1827 ; d. Jan. 28, Adaline Maria, Sept. 30, 1839 ; m. Rynier 

1828. Kutan Jan. 1, 1857. 

Charlotte Brown, Nov. 18, 1828 ; m. John 

Gates June 1, 1843. 

6. AlbigeS'CE W., 8. of Albigence, b. May 16, 1805; m. Ledocia 
Nichols April 4, 1827. 

Ch.: Harriet L. Jan. 9, 1828 ; m. Kmerson William W.. Sept. 30, 1842 ; m. Delia J. 

Wetlicrell Feb. 24, 1848. Lydon, May 7, 1868. 

Edward W., May 29, 1834. Daniel L., Sept. 2, 1848; m. Ella Tillot- 

Mary J. Aug. 20, 1840; m. George N. son, Sept. 30, 1869. 

Fay Oct. 17, 1860. 

7. Harvey I)., s. of Albigence, b. Oct. 17, 1807 ; m. Lovina Nich- 
ols, Nov. 26, 1834; she d. March 26, 1860; m. (2) Sarah J. Colton, 
Sept. 20, 1806. 

Ch.: Julia Hartwcll, April 28,1841 ; m. Sanvh Elizabeth, Aug. 5, 1849; m. George 

Lemuel W. Gibson, Jan. 10, 1872; d. L. Morse, Dec. 25, 1870. 

Dec. 9, 1872. Bufus Clarence. April 9, 1855. 

Cliarles Dwight, Nov. 15, 1843. 



GENEALOGY. 407 



THE GROVES FAMILY. 



1. GHOVES, Nicholas, m. Hannah- 



Oh.: Nicholas, Jr.; m. Mary Hubbard Retire, Dec. 19, 1734 ; d. June 3, 1752. 

Oct. 8, 1751. Abigail, May 24, 1737. 

Rebecca, Oct. 20, 1732; d. April 5, 1752. Peter, Aug. 18, 1739. 

2. Peter, s. of Nicholas, b. Aug. 18, 1739 ; m. Lj'dia . 



Ch. : Rebecca, June 3, 1768; m. Samuel Absalom Lumbard, Nov. 10, 1778. 

Ellinwood, Jan. 23, 1794. Ely, Feb. 11, 1781. 

Sunice, Sept. 19, 1770; m. Cutting Earl, James, July 8, 1783. 

May 30, 1792. John, May 16, 1785. 

Peter, Jr., Oct., 1772. WiUiam, May 16, 1788. 
Lydia, Sept. 25, 1776. 

3. Peter, Jr., s. of Peter, b. Oct. 1772 ; d. July 31, 1840 ; m. 
Jemima Allen, now living, age 104 years, Sept. 1878. 

Ch. : Pliny, July 19, 1799 ; d. Dec. 7, 1871. Eli, April 25, 1810. 

Horace, June 11, 1801 ; d. in infancy. Merrick, May 21, 1812; d. June 11, 1875. 

Dexter, July 15, 1803 ; d. March 26, 1845. Allen, Dec. 2, 1815 ; d. June 6, 1878. 

Levins, Jan. 4, 1806. AVilliam, Sept. 7, 1818. 
Eudocia, Feb. 24, 1808 ; m. William K. 

Howard, May 25, 1831. 

4. Levins, s. of Peter. Jr., b. Jan. 4. 1806 ; m. Martha C. Draper, 1829. 

Ch.: James Levins, Aug. 30, 1832. Frederic Hovey, Oct. 30, 1846; d. April 

William Bromwell, Nov. 11, 1835. 5, 1857. 

Ann Jeanette, Dec. 20, 1837 ; m. Soldmon Abby A., Dec. 13, 1851 ; m. Lewis M. 

S. Gould. Howlett. 

Francis Asbury, Dec. 29, 1839. Emma Eunice, April 25, 1854 ; d. Nov. 

Sarah Eliza, Sept. 20, 1844; m. E. H. 29, 1874. 

Davenport. 

5. James L , s. of Levins, b. Aug. 30, 1832 ; m. Olive M. Olds 
July 8, 1856. 

Vh.: Frederic Wilson, April 4, 1857. Harlan P., March 6, 1869; d. Jan. 25, 

Francis Avilla, Oct. 12, 1858. 1871. 

Harrison C, June 8, 1861. Mary E., July 29, 1870. 

Olive E., Sept. 25, 1863; d. June 20, 1864. Nora D., Sept. 19, 1872. 
Viola M., March 29, 1866. Carrie M., Aug. 25, 1874. 

Jennie E., Dec. 11, 1877. 

6. William B., s. of Levins, b. Nov. 11, 1835 j m. Mary M. Vin- 
ton Aug. 12, 1855. 

Ch. : Ida M., June 5, 1856. Charles P., Aug. 13, 1867. 

Eva J., Aug. 2, 1862. Willie F., May 8, 1869 ; d. July 14, 1870. 

Nellie A., May 28, 1865. Louis M., Feb. 1, 1871. 

7. Francis A., s. of Levins, b. Dec. 29, 1839 ; d. April 24, 1869 ; 
m. Jeanette Stimpson July 3, 1866. 

Ch. : Francis Dexter, April, 1867. Alice, Jan. 25, 1869 ; d. March 25, 1869. 




408 GENEALOGY. 



THE HAYNES FAMILY. 

The Haynes family of Brimfield were descendants of Walter Hayn 
a linen weaver of Sutton, England, who was one of the first proprietor 
of Sudbury, 1638. His son John, born in England, was the father o 
eleven children, one of whom Peter had two sons, Peter and Joseph 
among the original proprietors of Brirafield. Jonas Haynes, wh 
came some 3'cars later, was a son of Daniel, and cousin of the two firs 
settlers. He married Peter*s daughter Mary, and lived on what wi 
then called the East Hill. 

1. Haynes, Peter, b. 1685 ; d. Feb. 17, 1779 ; m. Love ^s=- 

she died July 11, 1759. 

Ch.: Abigail, May 31, 1724. Lois, Nov. 4, 1736; m. Joseph Afnffa»» 

Esther, Nov. 21, 1725. Dec. 10, 1772. 

Phineas, Aug. 19, 1727 ; d. Nov. 17, 1823. Betty, March 11, 1739. 

Mary, Aug. 18, 1729; m. Jouas Ilayues, Daniel, July 23, 1741 ! m. Sarah Blodgett^ 

Feh. 8, 1757. March 24, 1774. 

Sarah, Nov. 6, 1731; m. Peter Morso, Hannah, July 22, 1744 ; m. Eleazer Rose 

Nov. 7, 1771. brook, March 18, 1771. 

Eunice, March 25, 1 734. Mercy Dec., 1 746 ; m. Abner Mighell, Jan- 

4, 1776. 

2. Joseph, b. 1688 ; d. March 6, 1775 ; m. Mary . 

Ch.: Hannah, March 13, 1723 ; m. Joseph David, Jan. 4, 1731. 

Blodgett, Jr., Aug. 25, 1743. Benjamin, March 4, 1733. 

ElizalKith, April 8, 1725; m. Samuel Hc1>ccca, Feb. 21, 1736; m. Benjamin 

Blodgett, April 5, 1763. Blodgett, Oct. 2, 1754. 

Joseph, July 7, 1727 ; d, Nov. 8, 1787. Beulah, Dec. 29, 1738 ; m. Abner Blodgett. 

Joseph, Nov. 8, 1728 ; d. Doc. 2, 1732. Jan. 16, 1763. 

3. Jonas, b. 1731 ; d. Jan. 11, 1814 ; m. Mary Haynes, Feb. 8, 
1757 ; she d. April 20, 1815. 

Ch.: Samuel, April 22, 1757 ; d. Oct. 18, Mary, Juno 5, 1766; d. 1807. 

1824. Abigail, Nov. 22, 1768 ; d. April 23, 1815. 

Daniel, Dec. 30, 1759. Jonathan, Oct. 10, 1770; m. Mrs. Lydia 
Lydia, Dec. 31, 1764 ; d. June 23, 1815. Smith, July 5, 1826 ; d. Feb. 4, 1854. 

4. David, s of Joseph, b. Jan. 4, 1731 ; m. Mary Burt, July 15, 
1756 ; d. April 25, 1757 ; their son David b. Sept. 29, 1756. 

5. Benjamin, s. of Joseph, b. March 4, 1733; m. Martha Morgan, 
Oct. 8, 1761. 

Ch.: Joseph, Sept. 12, 1762. Martha, Jan. 12, 1768. 

Benjamin, June 23, 1765. Mary^ Sept. 16, 1771. 

6. Daniel, s. of Jonas, b. Dec. 30, 1759 ; d. March 3, 1846 ; m. 
Hannah Webber; she d Nov. 23, 1838. 

Ch. : Persis, Murch 22, 178:J. Hannah and Polly (twins). Feb. 21, 1788 ; 

Charles, Oct. 6, 1784. Hannah m. Kimhall; m. (2) Thomas 

UoswoU, May 31, 1786. Durfee; Polly m. Austin. 



GENEALOGY. 409 

Walter, Nov. 19, 1789. Alvah, Sept. 30, 1796. 

Daniel, Oct. 8, 1792 ; removed to Virginia. Persia, Oct. 4, 1798 ; m. Aaron M. Russell, 

Prudence, Julj 6, 1794; m. Timothy May, 1822. 

Sumner. Jonas, April 23, 1800. 

7. Benjamin. Jr , s. of Benjamin, b. June 23, 1765 ; m. Polly 
Ihiring, Feb. 28, 1793 ; tbeir son George b March 20, 1803. 

8. Walter, s. of Daniel, b. Nov. 10, 1789 ; m. Sally Kogers, May, 
1810; m. (2) Lncinda Ferry, May 31, 1843. 

Ch. : Sally, April 22, 1812. Daniel, Aug. 16, 1820. 

Jonathan, Oct. 2, 1814. Orpha M., April 21, 1822. 

Miranda, April 25, 1816; m. Abraham Lovisa, Aug. 22, 1827 ; m. Abram Rcuroy. 
Wright. 

9. Daniel, s. of Walter, b. Aug. 16, 1820 ; m. Adaline B. Ran- 
dolph, May 16, 1853 ; she d. July 3, 1875. 

Ch. : Herbert Walter, July 27, 1856. Charles Ellsworth, Sept. 19, 1863. 

Alice Mary, June 7, 1860. Addie Cora, Jan. 17, 1871. 



THE HITCHCOCK FAMILY. 

Tradition ascribes a French origin to the Hitchcock family ; that 
thoy came from Normandy with William the Conqueror, A. 1). 1060, 
and the name is a familiar one in English records. Luke, the iirst 
whose name appears in Colonial history, was settled in New Havon. 
1644, and his two sons. Luke and John are supposed to have runiovfd 
to Springfield soon after, building a log house on the site now occu- 
pied by the old court-house. Both names appear on the petition for 
the incorporation of a town to the eastward of Springfield, Feb., 1700, 
and Lieut. Nathaniel Hitchcock was the lirst settler to renmin in 
Brimfield with his family through the winter, locating there as earl}' 
as 1714. He was one of the original proprietors in the diMtrihulion 
of lands, as was his brother David and his son MoMes. Among their 
descendants are various honored names, as the pn^ccding pugcH will 
testify. Of those whose fame became national anci who Hought otlM'i* 
fields for its scope, we may mention Major (ionenil Kihan Allon llitt^li- 
cock and Judge Samuel Hitchcock of Vermont. 

1. HITCHCOCK, Nathanirl, h. (►f .John of SpringlU-Klj ni. 
Abigail ; she d. March 20, 1757; ho d. April 27, 170 . 

Ch: Moses. AMKall; d. Oct. 7. 17Mtf, 

Noah, 1715. ('lcM.,.liily7, 1 744;. I. Nov u, I7ft4. 

Joseph,* Ang. 25, 1719. Hiitlmliolia. Aiitf. ni, 174^; d. H«|it. y4, 
John. 1740. 

*Tbe Hitchcock fmmfljr recordn, now In tlui ihim^h^mIimi t>r MdiiMm MIIkIiimh \^^ MnvN* ".liMttpli 
HitcbciHjk. son of NMtljHiii«l lIii<b<vN'k. wait iMfiit \\\^ 'J.v I/IM <!«••• v#ii»aM//ir tUitt\H*hl «k*i« 
settled;" which seems \;ootl evld»tu:n lu to iIim ilal*! ui Mm imnlwiMiiiti 

52 




410 GENEALOGY. 

2. David, s. of John of Springfield; m. Mary . 

Ch : Paul ; d. Jan. 30, 1733. Abigail, Sept. 28, 1732. 

Jonathan. Lydia, Nov. 4, 1734. 

Sarah ; d. Feb. 11, 1743. piiebe, Nov. 21, 1739. 

3. Moses, s. of Nathaniel ; m. Bethiah . 

Ch: Venus, April 5, 1746; d. June 21, Eldad, Jan. 20, 1757; m. Esther Hoar, 

1746. Nov. 20, 1777. 

Martlia, March 9, 1747 ; m. Elijah Morgan Abijah, May 14, 1759. 

Ot. 8, 1778. Luther, July 14, 1760. 

Desire, March 5, 1750. Triphcna, Mairh 30, 1763 ; m. Nathaniel 

Marcy, Jan. 22, 1752. Adams, April 10, 1783. 

Chloe, May 30, 1755; m. Uriah Martin- 
dale, Nov. 20, 1781. 

4. Noah, s. of Nathaniel, b. 1715, d. March 12, 1799 ; m. Marj 

/iiii; shed. Jan. 10 1792. 

Ch : Noah, Jr , Sept. 21, 1739. Jacob, Febi 24, 1748. d. in Revolntionary 

Elijah, Aug 9, 1741. Army at siege of Ticonderoga. 

Mary, Oct. 5, 1743. Emma, June 10, 1750. 

Hannah, Nov. 24, 1745 ; m. Abel Goodell, Dorothy ; m. Samuel Hoar, July 2, 1773. 

Jan. 26, 1769. Samuel, March 23,- 1755 ; d' Nov. 30, 1813. 

Daniel, Oct. 5, 1760. 

5. Joseph, s. of Nathaniel, b Aug. 25, 1719, d. May 7, 1788 ; m. 
Abigail King, Jan. 11 1741; she d July 10, 1743; m. (2) Patience 
Stebbins, Aug. 29, 1744; she d. July 29, 1750; m. (3) Mary Burt, 
Due. 11, 1750 ; she d. Feb. 7, 1809. 

Ch: Joseph, Jr , April 28, 1742. Kuth, Sept. 2, 1761 ; m. Isaac Blias, Jr., 

Obed, Aug. 7, 1745. Dec. 11, 1783. 

Nathaniel, Aug. 21, 1746. Mary, April 7, 1763; m. Asahel Goodell, 

Sarah, Oct. 3, 1751 ; m. John Thompson, Jan. 26, 1786. 

May 2, 1771. Bathsheba, Dec. 25, 1764; m. Variah 

Elisha, Jan. 20, 1753. Miller, Nov. 19, 1795. 

Peter, July 1, 1754. Zadoc, Aug. 26, 1767. 

Heli, March 8, 1756. Phebe, April 9, 1770. 

Medad, Nov. 24, 1757. Eunice, June 29, 1772. 
Aaron, June 22, 1759 ; m. Mary Stebbins, 

Jan 26, 1786. 

G. John, s of Nathaniel ; m. Bethiah Burt Nov. 12, 1742.* 

Ch: Abij^ail, Sept. 21, 1743. Eli, May 10, 1754. 

Elizabeth, June IG, 1745 ; m. Daniel Liver- ]^uke. May 1, 1756. 

more, Nov. 17, 1768. Abner, March 24, 1758. 

John, Jr., Jan. 28 1747 ; m. Martha Hitch- Amasa, Oct. 5, 1760. 

cock, Jan. 14, 1769. Jonathan, Oct. 29, 1763. 

Keuben, Aug. 7, 1748. Enoch, Oct. 22, 1765. 

Cate, Juno 15, 17.')0 ; d. Feb. 17, 1832. I.evi, April 26, 1768. 
Thankfull, April 11, 1752. 

7. JoxATUAX, s. of David; m. Mary ^ he d. April 16, 1767 ; 

she d. Feb 8, 1809. 



GENEAL06T. 411 

C'A; Jonathan, Jr., May 25, 1752; d. Sept. Sarah, Nov. 14, 1755; m. Joseph Tidd, 

23, 1754. Dec. 20, 1787. 

Eliab, March 28, 1754. Jonathan, Jr., Sept., 21, 1757. 

8. Abijah, 8. of Moses, b. May 14, 1759 ; m. Miriam Gilbert, Dec. 
3, 1782; m. (2) Anna Bliss. Aug. 3, 1795; their child Miriam, born 
June 13, 1799. 

9. Noah, Jr., s. of Noah, b. Sept. 21, 1739 ; d. Jan. 23, 1826 ; m. 

Silence Burt, Oct: 7. 1762; she d. March 29, 1808; m. (2) Sarah 

Wood ; she d. Feb. 5, 1814 ; m. (3; Hannah Moore ; she d. May 19, 

1818. 

Ch : Silence, Dec., 1763 ; m. Samuel Duel, David, Nov. 22, 1770 ; d. Oct. 13, 1777. 

Oct. 14, 1790. Lovisa, May 24, 1772 ; m. Seth Keep, Jan. 

Gad, Feb. 15, 1765. 23, 1798. 

Je.sse, Sept. 3, 1766. Aga, March 5, 1775 ; d. March 13, 1778. 
Noah, Sept. 22, 1768. 

10. Elijah, s. of Noah, b. Aug. 9, 1741 ; d. Aug. 5, 1813 ; m. 
Sarah Townsley Oct. 18, 1764 ; she d. Sept. 24, 1835. 

Ch: Annise, May 31, 1765; m. Ludim Alured, May 7, 1773. 

Blodgett, July 4, 1786. Eaton, March 13, 177.5. 

Martis, July 20, 1766 ; d. May 9, 1821. Hanuah, Oct. 8, 1776. 

Letis, Jan. 9, 1768 ; m. Elijah Allen, April Jared, Aug. 11, 1777. 

14, 1791. Almeda ; m. Jesse Miller, April 7, 1805. 

Pownal, July 3, 1769. Bela, Feb. 14, 1780. 

Sarah, Oct. 10, 1770. Samuel. 

Elijah, Jr., Dee. 9, 1771. • Ebenezer, Oct. 4, 1783 ; d. Oct. 23, 1868. 

11. Jacob, s. of Noah, b. Feb. 24, 1748 ; m. Bathsheba ; d. 

in Revolutionary Army, Jan., 177- 

Ch: Sibil, Feb. 2, 1774. Bathsheba, Oct. 4, 1775. 

12. Daniel, s. of Noah, b. Oct. 5, 1760 ; d. May, 1839 ; m. Lucy 

Hoar, Dec. 26, 1782; she d. Sept. 11, 1844. 

Ch : Polly, Jan. 11, 1784 ; d. Oct. 6, 1799. Daniel, Jr., Sept. 22, 1794 ; m. Laura H. 

Lucina, July 15, 1785 ; m. Joseph Keep ; Hitchcock, Dec, 1820. 

m. (2) Iddo Blashfield; d. Oct. 17, 1842. Alvah, Feb. 18, 1797 ; d. Aug. 18, 1801. 

Nathan, May 4, 1787. Emma, Feb. 21, 1799 ; d. Aug. 1, 1801. 

Lucy, Aug. 19,1789; m. Stephen Durfee, Mary, Jan 30, 1801 ; m. Simon Lovitt, 

June 7, 1826. Sept., 1839. 

Jacob, Sept. 7, 1792. Alvah, Sept. 6, 1804 ; d. Oct. 8, 1804. 

13. Joseph, Jr., s. of Joseph, b. April 28, 1742 ; d. Dec. 2, 1811 ; 
m. Hannah Livermore, Dec. 2, 1762; she d. June 16, 1815. 

Ch : Ezra, Sept. 27, 1763. Persia, Nov. 1770 ; d. June 30, 1775. 

Rebecca, Nov. 9, 1764; m. Joseph Dun- Gaius, Sept. 11, 1772. 

ham Dec. 27, 1792. Joseph, March 2, 1775. 
Marsenah, Jan. 20, 1766 ; m. Polly Miller. Hannah, April 16, 1777. 

April 23, 1789 ; d. Sept. 20, 1793. Abel, April 3, 1779. 

Abigail King, Aug. 14, 1767. Seth, April 5, 1781. 

Elizabeth, Aug. 18, 1769. James Bowdoin, Jan. 24, 1787. 



412 GENEALOGY. 

14. Obed, 8. of Joseph, b. Aug. 7, 1745 ; m. Mary Dunham, June 
9, 1771. 

Ch : Patience, May 16, 1772 ; m. Bethuel David, Dec. 31, 1779. 

Stebbins, Jr., Dec. 29, 1794. Asa, May 22, 1782. 

Solomou, Dec. 4, 1773. Lucy, June 19, 1784. 

Kachel, Dec. 10, 1775; in. Eben Goodell. Ascnath, June 19, 1786. 

Rlioda, Dec. 13, 1777. I^vy, Aug. 25, 1788. 

15. Nathaniel, s. of Joseph, h. Aug. 21, 1746 ; d. March 9, J816 ; 
m. Ruth ; she d. June 11, 1803. 

Ch: Flavia, March 14, 1775; m Joseph Achsah, Sept. 30, 1782. 

Fleming, Oct. 4, 1792. Kuth, Dec. 8, 1783. 

Ira, May 3, 1777. Pcreis, Oct. 20, 1785 ; d. July 15, 1803. 
Artemas, March 9, 1781. 

16. Peter, s of Joseph, b July 1, 1754 ; m. Ruth ; 

Ch: Samuel Bliss, April 27, 1777. Jeremy, March 4, 1781. 

Betsoy, Jan. 9, 1780; m. John Bement, 

May 19, 1799. 

17. Medad, s. of Joseph, b Nov. 24, 1757 ; m. Martha Stebbins, 

Oct. 21, 1799. 

Ch : Thomas, July 3, 1780. Medad, Jr., Nov. 27, 1791 ; d. Dec. 3, 1793 

Azubah, July 31, 1782. Sally, Jan. 25, 1794. 

Hcber, Aug. 20, 1784. Nema, April 28, 1796. 

Martha, Jan. 6, 1787. Me lad Smith, Dec. 5, 1798. 

Mary, Aug. 28, 1789 d. Feb. 26, 1806. Salome, Jan. 7, 1803. 

18. Jesse, s. of Noah, Jr., b. Sept. 3, 1766 ; d. Nov. 4, 1836 ; m. 
Vashti Stebbins, Jan. 19, 1792; she d. Sept 11, 1841. 

Ch. : Emily, March 1, 1793 ; m. Danforth Alvin, Feb. 25, 1804 ; d. June 20, 1818. 

Green ; d. Nov. 4, 1858. Martha Smith, Jan. 12, 1810 ; m. Uezekiah 

Abner, Feb. 22, 1795. Ferry, Jr., March 17, 1852. 

Laura, Feb. 11, 1797 ; m. Daniel Hitch- Eliza B., May 17, 1812; m. Harvey Wol- 

cock, Jr., Dec, 1820; d. March 1, 1821. cott, Dec. 10, 1857. 

Eliza, May 26, 1 799 ; d. Dec. 11, 1800. Josiah S., Juno 28, 1816; removed to 

Alfred, Aug. 19, 1801. Water^-Ule, N. Y. 

19. David, s. of Noah, J., b. Nov. 22, 1770 ; m. Olive ; their 

son Horatio b. Sept. 13, 1802. 

20. Samuel, s. of Elijah ; m. Miriam ; d. Dec. 26, 1823. 

Ch.: Alnred Boydeu, Aug. 9, 1805. Samuel Adams, Feb. 13, 1813. 

Eaton, Feb. 9, 1807. Mary, Feb. 26, 1815. 

David, Feb. 18, 1809. Elijah, Jan. 31, 1817. 

Sarah and Lncina (twins), Jan. 12, 181 1 ; Amasa, May 26, 1819. 
both d. July 26, 1812. 

21. Nathan, s. of Daniel, b. May 4, 1787 ; d. Nov. 3, 1853 ; m. 
Esther Bigelow, Sept. 9, 1810 ; she d. Jaji. 14, 1830 j m. (2) Belina 
Janes, Oct. 5, 1831 ; she d. Aug. 31. 1867. 



GENEALOGY. 413 

Ch.: Lucy Emeline, Dec. 24, 1812. Emma Adeline, Oct. 17, 1820; m. Brow- 
William Lucius, Jan. 17, 1815. nell M. I>urfee, May 1, 1845. 
Joseph Warren, June 10, 1816 ; m. Chap- Julia, Dec. 4, 1838; d. Sept. 11, 1859. 
lotte G. D. Baker, Dec. 8, 1840; lived Laura Sophia, Jan. 6, 1845; m. John 
in Chicopee. Westwood, May 20, 1869. 
Daniel Porter, Dec. 4, 1817 ; d. Oct. 22, 
1838. 

22. Jacob, s. of Daniel, b. Sept. 7, 1792; d. July 8, 1866; m. 

Nancy Brown of Monson, 1821 ; went to Arkansas Territory in 1820 

as Steward of Dwight Mission among the Cherokees, which position 

he held for forty years. Left the state on account of the Rebellion 

and went to Iowa where he died. 

Ch, : Daniel Dwight, 1822 ; d. June, 1867. Laura S., July 10, 1827 ; d. at Mt. Holyoke 
Isaac Brown, 1823. Seminary, Dec. 10, 1843. 

23. Ezra, s. of Joseph, Jr., b. Sept. 27, 1763 ; d. Feb. 8, 1816 ; 
m. Sally Winslow Nov. 7, 1793 ; she d. July 2, 1823 ; their son Mar- 
cena b. Jan. 23, 1795. 

24. Ira, s. of Nathaniel, b. March 3. 1777; m. Percy Newell, 
May 3, 1804; he d. April 9, 1844 ; she d. July 24, 1859. 

Ch. : Lucy, July 29, 1804; m. Samuel H. Sally, April 6, 1811 ; m. Hiram Upham, 

Bliss, Feb. 23, 1831. Nov. 18, 1854. 

Abner,Feb. 18, 1806; m.Lucinda Barber; B nth, Jan. 8, 1813; m. King H. Moore, 

d. Sept. 1, 1863. Oct. 30, 1839 ; m. (2) Elisha Ford, Sept. 

Marcus, Nov. 26, 1808. 16, 1850. 

Amos, March 16, 1818. 

25. Artemus, 8. of Nathaniel, b. March 9, 1781 ; m. Abigail 
Brooks, March 9, 1806 ; she d. Sept. 23, 1865 ; he d. April 20, 1866. 

Ch.: Sylvester, Nov. 2, 1806. Mary A., April 7, 1819; m. Frank Mer- 

Mary A., April 1, 1808 ; d. April 20, 1814. nam, Aug., 4, 1842. 

Calvin, March 29, 1810; m. Dorinda Philomela, Dec. 10,1820; d. Aug. 10, 1842. 

Steams, May 7, 1834. Harriet N., June 9, 1826; m. Herschel 

William E., June 4, 1812. Benson, May 18, 1847 ; d. 1851. 

Ambrose N., Nov. 28, 1813; d. Aug. ,8, Ann. K., July 29, 1830; m. John Andrews, 

1842. d. Dec. 3, 1865. 

Abigail, Feb. 9, 1816 ; m. Marshall An- 
drews, Jan. 27, 1839. 

26. Samuel B., s. of Peter, b. April 27, 1777 ; m. Azubah Blash- 
field, Feb. 19, 1800 ; their son Augustus Bliss, born Sept. 2, 1800. 

27. Abnbr, s. of Jesse, b. Feb. 22, 1795 ; m. Susan Gardner, Nov. 
12, 1815 ; d. May, 2, 1868. 

Ch.: Calvin, March 22, 1817. Abner Dwight, Feb. 26, 1826. 

Alvin, Sept. 17, 1818. Vashti Stebbins and Esther Fenton, 

Lavonia, May 4, 1820; m. B. C. Moulton, (twins,) Dec. 8, 1827; Vashti S., m. 

May 19, 1844. Gamaliel C. Marsh, Oct. 21, 1863. 
Susan, Feb. 8, 1824 ; m. Smith Hall, Oct. 

16, 1844; m. (2) Luther Chapin. 



\ 



414 GENEALOGY. 

Elizabeth Gardner, Nov. 15, 1829 ; d. June Charles Foster, July 3, 1831. 
2, 1872. Sarah Jane, Feb. 23, 1834 ; m. Cbauncej 

T. Hyde, Nov. 23, 1864. 

28. Alfked, s. of Jesse, b. Aug. 19, 1801; d. Jan. 27, 1871 ; m. 
Martha B. Allen, Dec 31, 1828; she d. Feb. 15, 1871. 

Ch.: Mary Madelia, May 13, 1835; d. Henry Dwigbt and Laura Allen, (twins), 
Jan. 23, 1836. Oct. 31, 1840; Henry Dwightd. March 

George Morris, Nov. 19, 1837. * 22, 1842. 

29. William L, s. of Nathan, b. Jan. 17, 1815; m. Mary C. 
Ellis, Oct. 12, 1843; their daughter Mary Ellen born Aug. 5, 1844; 
live in Chicopee. 

30. Marcus, s. of Ira, b. Nov. 26, 1808; m. Patty Bliss, Feb. 
16, 1832. 

Ch.: Hiram Newell, Dec. 16, 1832; d. Edward Walker, May 27, 1839. 

Feb. 23, 1852. Jane E., April 23, 1 841 ; d. Sept. 24, 1878. 
George Bliss, Jan. 6, 1835; m. Lizzie M. 

Babcock; d. Jan. 20, 1861. 

31. Sylvester, s. of Artemas, b. Nov. 2, 1806 ; m. Lucy Laraber- 
ton, Sept. 19, 1832; d. April 27, 1855. 

Ch. : Newton Emerson, Feb. 10, 1835. Julia Maria, April 28, 1838. 

32. William E., s. of Artemus, b. June 4, 1812; m. Clara L. 
Felton, March 29, 18G3. 

Ch. : George A., Aug. 12, 1867. Kosa A., Aug. 1, 1872. 

Dora E., Oct. 22, 1869. 

33. George M., s. of Alfred, b. Nov. 19, 1837 ; m. Delia A. 
Parker, Nov. 19, 1862. 

Ch. : Mary Parker, Dec. 29, 1865. Lydia Brown, March 1, 1872. 

34. Edward W., s. of Marcus, b. May 27, 1839; m. Julia E. 
Adams, May 29, 1860. 

Ch.: (5eorgo B., July 30, 1861 ; d. Aug. Anna Avilla, Aug. 18, 1871 ; d. Jan. 3, 

7, 1863. 1876. 

Frank George, Julv 11, 1866. George E., Dec. 18, 1874. 
Etta L., Oct. 21, 1868 ; d. Dec. 21, 1875. 

- 35. Hev. Caleb Hitchcock, of Union, Conn. ; m. Sarah Winches- 
ter, Nov. 30, 1750. 

Ch. : Luke, April 19, 1752. Molly, Aug. 27, 1761. 

Elizabeth, Feb. 29, 1754. Winchester, Sept. 5, 1763. > 

Martha, Dec. 9, 1755. Gad, July 10, 1766. 

36. Gad, s. of Rev. Caleb b. July 10, 1766 ; m. Keziah Bates, Feb. 
28, 1793 ; d. June 22, 1829 ; she d. Sept. 24, 1858. 
Ch. : Samuel A., Jan. 9, 1794 ; d. Nov. 23 Eudocia Molina, Dec. 29, 1799 ; m. Royal 

1873. r. Wales, April 27, 1828. 

Sally Winchester, Aug., 1796; d. Sept. 16, 

1815. 



GENEALOGY. 415 

37. Eaton Hitchcock, b. 1795; d. Feb. 28, 1837; m. Eunice 

Brov^-n, March 27, 1823 ; she d. Feb. 13, 1871. 

Ch.: Francis Blake, Oct. 29, 1824; d. Julia Brown, Feb. 9, 1832; d. when two 

April 27, 1847. years old. 

Jane Maria, Aug 31, 1826; m. Lyman Julia Elizabeth, and Charles, (twins); 

Webster, Nov. 29, 1843. Cliarles died when about two years old. 

Edwin Lyman, Aug. 4, 1828. Julia E. m. Elijah E. Tarbell, Nov. 24, 

Afary Ann, Aug. 24, 1830; m. Cliarles 1852. 

W. Bacon, Feb. 7, 1847. Sarah Delia, Aug. 12, 1838; m. K. B. 

Webster, Sept., 1856. 

38. Edwin Lyman, s. of Eaton, b. Aug. 4, 1828; d. Aug. 29, 

1878 ; tn. Julia Ann Brown, Nov. 27, 1851. 

Ch. : Edgar Blake, Oct. 23, 1855 ; d. Feb. Fraak B., ; d. Aug., 1861. 

7, 1858. Charles, Nov., 1864. 

THE HOAR AND HOMER FAMILIES. 

The ancestor of the Hoar families of this country, according to family 
tradition, was a wealthy London banker who came to Boston for the 
sake of his religious principles, dying soon after his arrival. Joanna 
Hoar, supposed to have been his widow, died at Braintree in 1661. 
His children were — Joanna, wife of Col. E. Quincy; Margary, wife 
of Rev. H. Fiynt ; David, who returned to England ; Leonard, and 
John. Leonard graduated at Harvard College in 1650 ; preached in 
England; married a daughter of Lord Lisle there ; was called to the 
Old South Church in Boston; became president of Harvard in 1672, (tu».<yn 
and held that position at his death in 1675. The youngest son, John, 
was a lawyer, '* distinguished for his bold, independent mind and 
action." He lived in Scituate from 1643 to 1655, went to Concord 
about 1660, and died April 2, 1704. His children were — Elizabeth, 
wife of Jonathan Prescott; Mary, wife of Benjamin Grover, and 
Daniel, born 1650. 

The third son of Daniel was Leonard, who with his son Joseph took 
part in the original distribution of the Brimtield lands, and was the 
ancestcgr of the subsequent families. Leonard Hoar bought the forty- 
acre lot of Nathaniel Hitchcock on Tower Hill. About 1830, some of 
the descendants having removed to the town of Homer, N. Y., changed 
the family name, taking that of the town in which they had settled, and 
their example was followed by those remaining in Brimfield; Col. 
Solomon Hoar and his brother Linus, with their descendants, thus 
becoming the Homer Family, the changes being authorized by the 
Massachusetts Legislatures of 1831, '34 and '38. 

1. HOAR, Daniel, b. 1650 ; m. Mary Stratton, July 19, 1677 ; 
m. (2) Mary Lee, Oct. 16, 1717. 




416 GENEALOGY. 

Ch. : John, Oct. 2, 1678. Mary, March 14, 1689 ; d. Jan. 10, 1 TCf^ 

Daniel, 1680. Samuel, April 5, 1691. 

Leonard, 1682. Isaac, May 18, 1695. 

Jonathan ; d. at " The Castle," 1702. David, Nov. 19, 1698. 

Joseph, d. at sea 1707. Elizabeth, Feb. 2, 1701. 

2. Capt. Leonard, s. of David, b. 1682 ; d. April, 1771 ; m. Esthc 
Bowman. -> '^^v.t ^^ 7 

Ch. : Joseph, Dec. 5, 1707. Charles, Dec. 25, 1714. 

Daniel, May 7, 1709 ; d. July 9, 1738. Edmund, July 19, 1716. 

Sarah, Sept. 3, 1710. Esther, April 7, 1719. 

Leonard, Jr., Dec. 17, 1711. Mary; m. Samuel Colton, Feb. 19, 1751. - 

David, Feb. 23, 1713. Nathan ; 

3. Dea. Joseph, s. of Capt. Leonard, b. Dec. 5, 1707 ; d. Xov. 7, 
1797 ; m. Deborah Colton, May 10, 1736 ; she d. Jan. 8, 1800. 

Ch : Lucy, June 4, 1737 ; m. John Sher- Deborah, Sept. 19, 1744; m. James Steb- 
man, Jr., Nov. 23, 1758. bins, Jan. 10, 1765. 
Deborah, Jan. 28, 1 739 ; d. Feb. 4, 1739. Samuel, July 24, 1746 ; m. Dorathy Hitch- 
Joseph, Jr., June 22, 1740. cock, July 2, 1773. 
Esther, April 20, 1742; m. Simeon Keep, 
July 21, 1768. 

4. Leonard, Jr.. s. of Capt. Leonard, b. Dec. 17, 1711 ; d March 
14, 1746 ; m. Mary Morgan, I^Iay 6, 1736. 

Ch.: Mary, Dec, 1739. Leonard, Aug. 10, 1742. 

Beuben ; m. Abigail Brown, June 1 6, 1 763. 

5. David, s. of Capt. Leonard, b. Feb. 23, 1713; m. Abigail . 

Ch. : David, Jr., May 14, 1742 ; d. Nov. Mary, July 26, 1746. 

10, 1743. Solomon, Sept. 24, 1748. 

Abigail, Oct. 9, 1744. 

6. Charles, s. of Capt. Leonard, b. Dec. 25, 1714 ; m. Elizabeth 



Ch. : Sarah, Sept. 13, 1743. Eunice, May 24, 1747 ; d. Nov. 1, 1797. 

Elizabeth, May 26, 1745 ; d. June 25, 1775. 

7. Edmund, s. of Capt. Leonard, b. July 19, 1716; ancestor of 
the Hoars of Monson ; died there ; m. Hannab . 

Ch. : Martha, March 24, 1 744. Abigail, July 30, 1 751. 

Daniel, March 17, 1746 ; m. Lois Mirrick, Edmund, Jr., Sept. 29, 1753. 

Nov. 21, 1771. Katurah, Aug. 22, 1755. 
Leonard, Dec. 1, 1748. 

8. Nathan, s. of Capt. Leonard ; ancestor of the Homers of Mon- 
son ; m. Miriam Colton, May 21, 1751. 

Ch.: Estljer, May 25, 1753; m. Eldad Lucy, Nov. 22, 1758; m. Daniel Hitch- 
Hitchcock. Nov. 20, 1777. cock, Dec. 26, 1782. 

Jonathan, N(»v. 7, 17.")4 ; d. Aug., 1760. Submit, Jan. 9, 1761 ; d. April 8, 1808. 

Lucina, July 3, 1756; m. Jacob White, Nathan, Jr., Nov. 4, 1762. 

Jan. 31, 1782. Phebe, Jan. 26, 1765. 



6BNEALOGT. 417 

9. Joseph, Jr., s. of Joseph, b. June 22, 1740 ; d. Feb. 5, 1816 ; 

m. Mary Hitchcock. Dec. 3, 1763. A lieutenant in Gates* Northern 

Army, 1777; commanded a company against Shay's Rebels. 1787. 
Ch.: Asenath, Nov. 21, 1764; m. Samuel Emma, July 8, 1775; m. Oliver Blair, 

Thompson. Jan. 26; 1 796. 

Ruth, Oct. 17, 1766; m. Asa Patrick, Joseph, Sept. 25, 1777. 

March 1, 1787. Mary, Nov. 21, 1779 ; m. Samuel Brown, 

David, Jan. 19, 1769. Nov. 25, 1«02. 

Solomon, March 17, 1771. Linus, April 4, 1782. 

Hannah, June 1, 1773 ; m. Bobert Smith, Tirzah, March 24, 1783 ; m. Kev. Alvin 

Jr., June 27, 1793. Toby; m. (2) Rev. Philip Spaulding, 

Oct. 29, 1816; d. Sept. 29, 1848. 

10. Leonard, s. of Leonard, Jr, b. Aug. 10, 1742; m. Lydia 
Bond, April 25, 1765; their son Edward born Nov. 5, 1769. 

11. Homer, David, s of Joseph, Jr , b. Jan. 19, 1769 ; d. May '^7 / ^ 
28, 1848 ; m. Catherine Patrick, April 29, 1790 ; she d. Nov. 13, 1825 ; /y^-^ 



fV-i f 



m. (2) Polly Blair; m. (3) Pamelia Cook. 

Ch,\ WilliamPatrick, Feb. 4, 1791. Mary, May 23, 1802; m. Alvin Janes, ^ \ 

Anna, July 13, 1793; m. Calvin Hoar, Dec. 28, 1825. ^"^ * 

Sept. 11, 1817. Sarah, Aug. 9, 1804; m. Albigence New- ' * -* < 

Emma, Aug. 1, 1795; m. Moses Tyler, ell, Nov. 16, 1837. 

Sept. 23, 1819. Harriet, b. July 14, 1808; m. Haney 

Cata, Oct. 11, 1798 ; d. July 10, 1801. Lumbard, May 1, 1833. 

Charlotte, 1811 ; d. Feb. 13, 1827. 

12. Homer, Col Solomon, s. of Joseph, Jr., b. March 17 1771 ; 
d. Dec. 11, 1844 ; m. Abigail Bishop, June 14, 1792 ; she d. Nov. 3, 1833; 
m. (2) Mrs. Lucina (Ayers) Rogers, 1837. He was commissioned cor- 
net in a Cavalry Co. Sept. 15, 1802 ; Captain, Sept. 28, 1808 ; Lieut. 
Colonel, June 15, 1815; Colonel, July 12, 1816. 

Ch. : Amanda, Sept. 10, 1792; m. Elijah Solomon, Jr., Oct. 1, 1804. 

C. Ferry, Sept. 28, 1820. Jacob Goodell, Dec. 19, 1808> d. May 12. 

Lacia, May 4, 1794; m. Col. Dauphin 1809. 

Brown, Nov. 13,1854. Abigail Goodell, Dec. 13, 1812; m. Dr. 

Alured, Jan. 29, 1796. Alvin Smith, May 16, 1839. 
Betsey, Dec. 30, 1799; d. July 1, 1816. 

13. Linus, s of Joseph, Jr., b. April 4, 1782; d Dec. 21, 1853; 
m. Lucy Brown, June, 1808 ; she d. Aug. 10, 1816 ; m. (2) Elizabeth 
Bond, May 6, 1818 ; she d. July 26, 1877. 

Ch. : Caroline, Dec. 22, 1808 ; m. Thomas Susan, Aug. 3, 1820 ; m. Charles Abbott, 

Hubbard, Jr., Sept. 9, 1830. May 7, 1845. 

Wilson H., Nov. 5, 1812. Mehitable E.. April 5, 1822; m. William 

Lucy Maria, Nov. 20, 1814; m. Nathan R. Seaver, April 26, 1842. 

M. Groodale, Oct. 24, 1837. Mary Ann Brown, Feb. 15, 1824; m. 

Elizabeth Bond, Feb. 1 1. 1819 ; m. Horace Samuel D. Arnold, May 20, 1864. 

Bird, March 25, 1841. William E., Aug. 17, 1826; d. June 26, 

1827. 

53 



418 GKNKALOOr. 

Liniu Smith, Aug. 29, 1828 ; d. Jan. 17, Edwin Proctor, Oct. 16, 1832; d. Oct. 26 
1831. 1832. 

Ellen Edgell, Nov. 12, 1830; d. Jnly 23, Harriet Ennecia, Oct. 24, 1833 ; m. Sam 

1855. uel D. Arnold, March 20, 1854 ; d. Jnne 

6, 1863. 

14. Capt. Alurbd, 8. of Col. Solomon, b. Jan. 29, 1796 ; d. Aug. 
6, 1870 ; m. Ruth Bliss, Nov. 28, 1822. 

Ch, : George Carroll, May 7, 1827. Charlotte A. A., March 29, 1837 ; d. April 

Edward Bliss, Dec. 1, 1828 ; d. Aug. 24, 10, 1859. 

1830. Arthur Bliss, Sept. 12, 1847 ; d. Ang. 22, 

Charles Alured, June 17, 1831. 1848. 

William Bradford, Jolj, 29, 1849. 

15. Capt. Solomon, s. of Col. Solomon, b. Oct. 1, 1804; d. Jan. 
2, 1879 ; m. Eleanor Converse, Nov. 24, 1831 ; she d. Aug. 4, 1853 ; 
m. (2) Marionette Burchard, Feb. ^8, 1855; she d. April 28, 
1877. 

Ch. : Charlotte Jane, Oct. 8. 1833 ; d. Arthur Edmonds, April 21, 1857 ; d. Sept. 

Sept. 13, 1836. 19, 1858. 

Henry DeWitt, April 4, 1842 ; d. June 29, Edgar Eugene, March 20, 1858 ; d. Aug. 

1842. 11,1859. 

Abbie Georgietta, Nor. 5, 1843 ; m. Lyman Mary Emma, June 14, 1861. 

B. Kellogg ; d. May 16, 1873. 

16. Wilson, s. of Linus, b. Nov. 5, 1812; m. Hannah P. Seaver, 
Sept. 30, 1846. 

Ch.: Daughter, July 5, 1847 ; d. July 6, Helen Sophia, Oct. 26, 1856; m. Helmer 

1847. M. Thomas, Jnne 19, 1875. 

Son, Oct. 10, 1848 ; d. Oct. 12, 1848. Wilson B , Oct. 4, 1862. 

Susan B., Oct. 29, 1849 ; d. July 29, 1852. Harriet A., March 9, 1864. 

Sarah E., Jan. 11, 1852 ; d. July 11, 1853. Herman P., July 22, 1866; d. Aug. 31. 

Anna Palfrey, May 1, 1854; m. Albert 1867. 

Lewis, Nov. 26, 1872 ; d. May 12, 1873. Arthur S., July 23, 1873 ; d. Aug. 31, 1873. 

17. George C, s. of Capt Alured, b. May 7, 1827; d. July 7, 
1867; m. Jane E. Oaks, July 1, 1852; she d. Oct. 8, 1856; m. ^^2) 
Adelaide Adams, March 5. 1862. 

Ch. : Sarah Elizabeth ; d. Dec. 26, 1857. Lottie Jane, Nov. 23, 1865 ; d. Feb. 9, 1871. 
Carrol Adams, Dec., 1862 ; d. Aug. 26, 
1864. 

18. Charles A., s. of Capt. Alured, b. June 17, 1831 ; m. Josephine 
Klder, Dec. 5, 1859 ; she d. July 7, 1866 ; their daughter Stella Jose 

--•oration in America), b. Nov. 15, 1861. 



GENEALOGY. 419 

THE HOLBROOK FAMILY. 

HOLBROOK, Zen AS, m. Betsey Bennet j she d May 28, 1789 ; m. 
(2) Anna Howard, Nov. 29, 1792 ; she d. July 7, 1807 ; m. (3) Mrs. 
Sally Mclntire, Oct. 22, 1807 ; she d. Oct. 19, 1843. 

Ch. : Elias, May 17, 1794. Amos, June 17, 1808 ; d. Feb. 21, 1832. 

Abner, Jan. 6, 1796 ; d. July 18, 1817. Anna, Oct. 4, 1812 ; m. James H. Brown, 
William, Oct. 2, 1802 ; d. Nov. 12, 1.823. Sept. 22, 1846. 

Eleazer, May 21, 1805 ; d. Aug. 5, 1834. 

THE HOWARD FAMILY. 

HOWARD, William K., m. Eudocia Groves, May 25, 1831. 
Ch.: Delia, June 23, 1832 ; d. Sept. 7, 1851. Augusta, Jan. 3, 1836 ; m. A. L. Calkins, 
William Justin, Nov. 6, 1833. April 5, 1860. 

Ellen, April 17, 1839 ; d. Sept. 15, 1851. Emmons, Oct. 21, 1845. 

THE HUBBARD FAMILY. 

The Hubbard family trace their descent from George Hubbard, born 
in England, IGOO, who came to Boston in 1633. His son John re- 
moved to Hadley in 1660, from whence Samuel, son of Daniel, son of 
John, removed to Brimfield and was one of the original proprietors. 

1. HUBBARD. Samuel, b. 1697 ; d. Jan. 12, 1750 ; m. Hannah 
Bliss, Dec. 1, 1724; she d. Feb., 1781. 

Ch. : Samuel, Jr., Jan. 7, 1726; d. March John, Aug. 8, 1732 ; d. Aug. 13, 1732. 

16,1746. Jonathan, Sept 17,1733. 

Hannah, May 13, 1727; m. Isaac Bliss, Simeon, July 16, 1735. 

June 2, 1752. Thomas, May 12, 1737. 

Martha, Feb. 1, 1729 ; m. Nathaniel Bond, Esther, Dec. 21, 1739 ; m. Edmund Da- 
April 1, 1752. mon, Dec. 3, 1761. 

Mary, Dec. 15, 1730; m. Nicholas Groves, Rachel, April 22, 1742 ; d. July 20, 1742. 
Jr., Oct. 8, 1751. 

2. Jonathan, s. of "Samuel, b. Sept. 17, 1733 ; m. Mary Keep, 
June 10. 1762. 

Ch. : Bathsbeba, Nov. 22, 1762. Mary, Aug. 9, 1770. 

Samuel, Oct. 23, 1764. Martha, Sept. 25, 1772. 

Solomon, Aug. 9, 1766. Jonathan, Jr., Dec. 28, 1774. 
John, July 18, 1768. 

3. Simeon, s. of Samuel, b. July 16, 1736; d*. Feb. 13, 1804; m. 
Lydia Blodgett, Oct. 14, 1762. 

CA.: Louisa, Aug. 11, 1763; m. Noah Joseph, May 12, 1777. 

Sherman, Nov. 21 , 1 782. Lucy, Aug. 2, 1 779 ; m. Asahel Fairbankn 

Thomas, Feb. 18, 1766. Nov. 3, 1837. 

Simeon, Jr., Oct. 13, 1770. Hannah, June 11, 1782. 

Lydia, April 21, 1773; m. Samuel Kelly, Sally, Oct. 6, 1786; m. Samuel Grigg?, 

d, Feb. 17, 1801. • July 9, 1810. 

4 Thom'as, 8. of Simeon, b. Feb. 18, 1766; d. Dec. 3, 1855; m. 
Polly CoUester, Oct. 21, 1791 ; she d Dec. 19, 1853. 



420 GENEALOGY. 

Ch. : Samuel, Aug. 28, 1791. Lucy, Aug. 13, 1804 ; m. Noah Hitchcock, 

Orra, Jan 5, 1794 ; m. Ira Brown, Sept., Sept. 5, 1826. 

1818. William C, Aug. 25, 1806; d. Sept. 29, 

Mary, May 3, 1 796 ; m. George 1*. Taylor, 1 829. 

Sept., 1822 ; d. Aug. 9, 1827. Lydia B., May 13, 1809 ; m. Ethan Keep, 

Betsey, May 28, 1798 ; m. John F. CoUes- July 3, 1838 ; d. March 16, 1855. 

ter, Dec 11, 1823. Joseph Warren, Aug. 12, 1811; d. May 

Thomas, Jr., June 12, 1801. 27, 1817. 

Austin, May 5, 1814 ; d. March 27, 1822. 

5. Simeon, Jr., s. of Simeon, b. Oct. 15, 1770; d. Aug. 24, 1850; 

m. Chloe Goodell ; she d. March 27, 1852. 

Ch.: George, Aug. 18, 1808. Louisa S., 1814; m. Austin Keep, Oct 

Mary Ann, Nov. 25, 1809 ; m. James Gam- 28, 1857. 

well, Aug. 31, 1830. Newton S., Dec. 19, 1816. 

Philip G., Feb. 21, 1811. John, July 26, 1819 ; d. May 15, 1848. 
Chloe, Oct. 4, 1812; m. James Fuller, 

April 16, 1840. 

6. Joseph, s. of Simeon, b. May 12, 1777 ; d. March 9, 1841 ; m. 
Miriam Brown, 1807 ; she d. Feb. 7, 1854. 

Ch. : Sarah Jane, Dec. 10, 1808 ; m. Reu- Lucy A., Feh. 1, 1816 ; m. George Howe, 

ben L. Nichols ; d. March 28, 1869. 1849 ; d. May 1, 1859. 

Adaline Miriam, Oct. 16, 1810; m. Sam- Joseph, Jr., May 27, 1818; m.Gracia Field, 

uel S. Kimball, 1836 ; d. Oct. 14, 1854. 1841 ; removed to Minnesota. 

Sophronia, April 12, 1812; m. Quartus JamesB., June 13, 1821 ;m. Betsey WilUs; 

Sikes, 1832 ; d. March 3, 1848. removed to Minnesota. 

Olive, Nov. 26, 1814 ; m. William Foskett, Susan C, Dec. 27, 1827 ; d. Dec. 10, 1830. 

June 8, 1842. 

7. Samuel, s. of Thomas, b. Aug. 28, 1791 ; d. June 13, 1874 ; m. 
Lydia Brownell, Dec. 4, 1817. 

Ch. : MaryM., Oct. 5, 1819; m. Edward Julia A., Dec. 1, 1830; m. Sumner R 

Tower, May 27, 1841. Warner, Dec. 1, 1850; d. Dec. 31, 1851. 

J. Warren, Nov. 25, 1821. Frank S., Aug. 17, 1835 ; d. Sept. 5, 1869. 

Jane E., Nov. 26, 1826 ; m. L. C. Fenton ; 
d. March 21, 1852. 

8. Thomas, Jr , s. of Thomas, b. June 12, 1801 ; m. Caroline 

Hoar, Sept 9, 1830. 

Ch.: Julia Brown, Nov. 19, 1831; m. Adelaide Maria, Jan. 25, 1845; d. Oct. 16, 
Horace G. Bird, Sept. 15, 1858. 1846. 

9. Philip G., s.'of Simeon, Jr., b Feb 21, 1811; m. Elizabeth Le 

Baron, Sept. 9, 1834 

Ch. : William, June 29, 1835. Ann Louisa, Jan., 1841 ; d. June, 1842. 

Ann Elizabeth, Nov. 3, 1837; d. Feb. 9, 
1840. 

10. Newton, S., s. of Simeon, Jr., b. Dec. 19, 1816; m. Sarah 

Puffer, Sept. 8, 1842. 

Ch. : Mary Wood, Oct. 27, 1843 ; m. James John Newton, May 3, 1848. 
M. Ormes, Dec. 3, 1867. Sarah Elizabeth, Sept. 6, 1853. 



GENEALOGY. 421 



THE JANES FAMILY. 

The Janes family trace back their line of descent in this country to 
William Janes, b. in Essex Co., England, about 1610, he arrived at 
New Haven. Conn , 1637, where he was a teacher for seventeen years. 
In 1656 he removed to Northampton, Mass., where he was recorder, 
school-teacher and teaching elder. In 1671 he was one of the peti- 
tioners for, and joined the company for the settlement of Squakhfeag 
(Northfield). In his office of teaching elder, he preached to the set- 
tlers congregated under the shelter of the old Northfield Oak, After 
the destruction of the settlement by the Indians in 1675, he returned 
to Northampton where he resided until his decease, 1690. Abel, son 
of William, petitioner for the town of Northfield, 1671, a soldier in 
the Falls fight, 1676, resided most of the time in Northampton until 
1706, when he moved to Lebanon, Conn William, son of Abel, with 
his five sons, moved from Lebanon, Conn., to Brimfield, where he 
owned five hundred acres of land, the date of removal is not known, 
as his name does not appear among the original proprietors, and his 
youngest child was born at Lebanon in 1734, it is probable he and his 
sons settled in Brimfield soon after that date. It is the tradition of 
the family that the land owned by Mr. Janes he acquired by grant 
from the Crown, but n6 record or other evidence has been found to 
show that this is correct. The farms owned by Mr. Janes and his 
sons are now (1876) occupied by Harvey Janes, David W. Janes, Ed- 
win A. Janes, Capt. William J. Sherman, Jonathan Emerson and 
Capt. Parsons Allen, all, except Capt. Allen, descendants, or connected 
by marriage with the descendants of William Janes the first settler. 

1. JANES, William, b. in England about 1610 ; d. at Northamp- 
ton, Mass., April 20, 1690 ; he m. in England, Mary, she d. April 4, 
1662 ; m. (2) Hannah, dau. of Thomas Bascom, wid. of John Brough- 

ton, she d. March, 1681. 

Ch. : Joseph, , 1636. Rebecca, , 1656. 

Elisha, , 1639. Jeremiah, , 1658; d. 1675. 

Nathaniel, , 1641. •Ebenezer, , 1659. 

Abel, , 1646. *Jonathan, , 1661. 

Abigiul, , 1647. Samuel, Oct. 9, 1663. 

Bnth, Feb. 15, 1650 ; m. John Searl, July Hepzibah, Feb. 13, 1666. 

3, 1667; d. Nov. 2, 1672. Hannah, Oct. 5, 1669. 

Jacob, , 1652. Benjamin, Sept. 30, 1672. 

William, ,1654. 

2. Abel, s. of William, b. 1646 ; d. Dec. 18, 1718 ; m. Mary Judd, 
Nov. 4, 1679 ; she d. April 24, 1735. 

•Killed by Indians at.the attack on Northfield, Sept. 2, 1876. 



422 GENEALOGY. 

Ch.: Mary, Oct. 8, 1680; m. Benjamin William, ,1692. 

King; m. (2) Jonathan Graves. Esther, , 1695. 

Rnth, June 5, 1682 ; m. Ebenezer Chapin Noah, Nov. 30, 1697. 

of Springfield, Dec. 1, 1702. Kachel, March 26, 1700. 

Elizabeth, July 22, 1684. Bathsheba, April 8, 1703. 

Sarah, , 1689 ; m, Waitaill Strong. 

3. William, s. of Abel, b. 1692; m. Abigail Loomis, June 5, 
1712 ; she d. March 9, 1752. 

Ch. : Jonathan, March 12, 1713. WiUiam, Jr., Oct. 30, 1726. 

Abigail, Dec. 8, 1714. Elijah, May 6, 1729. 

Timothy, June 10, 1716. Sarah, Oct. 18, 1731. 

Mary, Oct. 6, 1720. Israel, Jan. 26, 1734. 

Abel, April 24, 1724. 

4. William, Jb , s. of William, b. Oct. 30, 1726 ; d. May 16, 

1810; m. Hannah Cheney; she d. April 13, 1806. 

Ch. : William, Oct. 3, 1758. Hannah, March 8, 1770 ; m. Joseph Baker, 

Peleg Cheney, Dec. 2, 1760. Aug. 31, 1794. 

Cynthia, June 23, 1763. 'Elizabeth, Aug. 29, 1772; m. Ananiah 

Hannah, Sept. 6, 1766; d. June 1, 1767. Dodge, April 27, 1794. 

Nathan, June 20, 1768. Lovina, Nov. 1, 1775. 

Simon, Oct. 22, 1781. 

5. Jonathan, s. of William, b. March 12, 1713 ; m. Irene Brad- 
ford, grand-daughter of Gov. William Bradford. 

Ch, : (First seven not born in Brimfield). Solomon, June 20, 1748. 

David, Dec. 25, 1736. Daniel, March 17, 1751. 

Jonathan, Jan. 28, 1739; d. March 16, Mary, April 28, 1753. 

1752. Jonathan, Jan. 8, 1756. 

Irene, April 5, 1741 ; d. aged 2 years. Abigail, Jan. 24, 1759 ; d. Feb. 12, 1759. 

Eliphalet, Feb. 23, 1743. Ann, Dec. 12, 1761 ; d. Oct. 27, 1779. 

Irene, July 30, 1745; m. David Ander- 
son, Nov. 27, 1766. 

6. IsBAKL, s. of William, b. Jan. 26, 1734 ; d. May 2, 1793 ; m. 
Abigail Fay, May 2, 1764 ; she d. Aug. 14, 1808. 

Ch.: Chloe, Jan. 20, 1766; d. Sept. 15, Chloe, July 12, 1773; m. Abel Hyde, 

1767. Feb. 5, 1794. 
Orsamus, Aug. 28, 1767. Abigail, July 2, 1775; m. Joseph Lam- 
Thankful, July 18, 1769 ; m. Amos Shep- bard, 3d, Dec. 7, 1800. 

ard, May 27, 1792. Israel, April 29, 1777 ; d. Feb. 1, 1826. 
Sarah, Aug. 26, 1771 ; m. David Palmer, 

Feb. 23, 1797. 

7. Elijah; s. of William, b. May 6, 1729; d. June. 21, 1788; m. 
Lucy Crocker, Dec. 9, 1756. 

Ch. : Elijah, July 8, 1758. Cyrus, March 5, 1765. 

Israel Champion, Aug. 26, 1760. Lucy, Nov. 10, 1766. 

Isaac, Dec. 26, 1762 ; d. May 6, 1785. Parthenia, June 30, 1768. 



GENEALOGY. 4^3 

y 18, 1770. Liberty, April 19. 1776 ; d. in Berkshire, 

prai5, 1772. Vt. 

me 4, 1774. Property, April 4, 1778; d. in Shafts- 

bury, Vt. 

)AyiD, 8. of Jonathan^ b. Dec. 25, 1736 ; m. Jemima Vorce, 
, 1762. 

rid, Aug. 9, 1762. Lrene, Jan. 22, 1774. 

May 17, 1764. Jemima, July 16, 1776. 

Feb. 26, 1766. Timothy, Jan. 31, 1779. 

Aug. 6, 1770. 

Iliphalet, 8. of Jonathan, b. Feb. 23, 1743 ; m. Elfleda Lyon, 

Jstock. Conn. 

!inda, March 11, 1769. Walter, Feb. 27, 1778. 

, Nov. 29, 1770. Almarin, July 11, 1781. 

June 14, 1772. Bradford, May 6, 1784. 

larch 7, 1775. Sally, Dec. 1, 1788. 

Daniel, s. of Jonathan, b. March 17, 1751; m. Anna 
rs, July 25, 1776 ; he moved to Richford, Vt, where he died 
20, 1809. 

ihel, May 2, 1777. Daniel, Sept. 25, 1789. 

June 5, 1779 ; d. aged 6 years. Ira, April 30, 1794. 

ct. 10, 1782; m. T. J. Shepard. Irene, ; m. Mr. Allen. 

, Jan. 2, 1785. Lydia, -^ — Feb. 1799 ; m. Mr. Cook. 
March 14, 1787 ; d. aged 14 years. 

William, s. of William, Jr., b. Oct. 3, 1758 ; d. Dec. 31, 

n. Abigail Belknap ; she d. April 28, 1827. 

phira, Feb. 15, 1782; m. Jacob Hannah, March 19, 1790; m. Mr. Put- 

an, Dec. 29, 1801 ; m. (2) John nam. 

Betsey, Jan. 27, 1792 ; d. Feb. 3, 1816. 

ept. 16, 1783. Orril, July 8, 1794 ; d. Oct. 23, 1824. 

Vug. 14, 1785 ; m. Bezaliel Sher- Norman, April 29, 1796 ; d. Oct. 13, 1798. 

Eudocia, Sept. 25, 1798 ; d. April 11, 1876. 

tJov. 13, 1787 ; removed to Vir- Harriet, Dec. 13, 1800; d. Nov. 22, 1865. 

d. Oct. 2, 1813. 

Peleg Cheney, s. of William, Jr., b. Dec. 2, 1760; d. June 
4; m. Patty Coy, of Boyalston, Vt., Jan. 24, 1784; she died 
>, 1361. 
Justus, May 12, 1787. Eudocia, March 18, 1795; d. 1797. 

Feb. 19, 1789; m. Orlando Clementina, July 24, 1802; m. Edward 
, April 26, 1810. Parsons, Jan. 1, 1828. 

, AprU 28, 1791. William C, July 5, 1805. 

April 15, 1793 ; m. Julius Ward, 

1815. 

Simon, s. of William, Jr , b. Oct. 22, 1781 ; d. Dec. 28, 1849 
»e Shumway, March 19, 1826 ; she d. Sept. 6, 1867. 
jah, Oct. 17, 1828. Edward W., and Elbridge G., twins, Sept. 

ug. 28, 1830. 5, 1833. 



424 GENEALOGY. 

14. CrRUS, s. of Elijah, b. March 5, 1765; d. Feb. 10, 1858; 
Lovina Holbrook; she d. Jan. 30, 1819; m. (2) Electa Willisto 
she d. Dec. 30, 1836 His son Horace was a Wall street broker ; 
at New York, May 5, 1844 Austin became a physician ; d. at M: 
con, Ga , Oct. 28. 1829. 

Ch, : Abel, Aug. 3, 1794. Velina, July 24, 1803 ; m. Nathan HitcC -r^h 

Horace, June 9, 1796. cock, Oct. 5, 1831; m. (2) WiUitt-- 

Alven, April 5, 1798 ; d. Oct. 25, 1799. Tucker. 

Alven, Jan 19, 1800. Harvey, Jan. 15, 1806. 

Austin, Sept. 18, 1801. Sophia, Jan. 18, 1809; m. Abraham Ci 

ting. 



16. Orsamus, 8. of Israel, b. Aug. 28, 1767; d. Sept. 22, 184 
m. Ruth Shepard, of Warren, April 7, 1803 ; she d. April 12, 1871. 

Ck.: Mary Eliza, Aug. 18, 1805; m. Kuth Calista, Jau. 21, 1812; m. Palam 

Frederic H. Purington of Bristol, Conn., Moon, Nov. 29, 1845. 

Aug. 8, 1827. William Shepard, Sept. 2, 1815; d. 
Nancy Elmira, Aug. 26, 1807; m. John 3, 1815. 

Ross, Nov. 19, 1829. * Lucy Eleanor, Sept. 4, 1816; d. Sept. — 
Eunice C, Dec. 7, 1809 ; m. Jonathan Em- 1820. 

erson, April 8, 1834. 

16. Augustus, s. of Peleg C, b. May 12, 1787 ; d. June 18, 184^ ; 

m. Betsey Bingham, of Royalston, Vt., Feb. 19, 1818; she d. Ma;^: 

16, 1870. 

Ch. : Thomas B., Jan. 3, 1819. Adeline A., Nov. 7, 1824 ; m. David Hitch- 

Lucy Ann, Sept. 16, 1821. cock, Aug. 5, 1856. 

Henry B., June 1, 1823. Edwin A., Dec. 9, 1826. 

Timothy C, Aug. 25, 1830. 

17. Albon, 8. of William, b. Sept. 16, 1783; d. July 1, 1859; m. 
Mary Bliss, April 23, 1812; she d Jan. 1, 1875. 

Ch.: Abigail, Jan. 17, 1813; d. Feb. 4, Sophia, Dec. 18, 1822; m. Wm. Wight, 

1813. Sept. 26, 1849; d. July 13, 1860. 

Abigail B., Feb. 28, 1814; m. Aaron B. William S., March 8, 1826. 

Fairbanks, May 8, 1833; d. July 8, Elizabeth, Dec. 9, 1829; d. April 6, 1831. 

1839. Harriet, Dec. 22, 1833; m. Edgar G. 

Elvira, March 10, 1816 ; d. April 27, 1841. Phelps, Jan. 1, 1857 ; d. Oct. 15, 1868. 

Mary Ann, Sept. 13, 1818; d. June 14, Caroline B., Feb. 10,1838; m. Charles O. 

1838. Brown, Nov. 14, 1865. 

Sarah K., Nov. 19, 1820; m. Minor An- 
drews, Oct. 7, 1845; d. April 11, 1847. 

18. Alven, s. of Cyrus, b. Jan. 19, 1800 ; d. Feb. 28, 1872 ; m. 
Mary Hoar, Dec. 28, 1825. 

Ch. : David W., Feb. 1, 1827. Charles A., June 21, 1833. 

Catharine P., Oct. 5, 1829 ; m. Charies A. 

Clark, of Worcester, April 16, 1856 ; d. 

March 16, 1874. 



GENEALOGY. 425 

19. Harvey, s. of Cyrus, b. Jan. 15, 1806; m. Sarepta Harding, 

Feb. 10, 1841. 

CA. : Horace E., June 18, 1845. 

20. William, S., s. of Albon, b. March 8, 1826; m. Lucy M. 
:BoIles, Sept. 24, 1851; she died March 30, 1856; m. (2) Harriet E. 
Bixby, Feb. 18, 1857. 

Ch, : WiUiam Albon, Jane 13, 1858. Alice M., May 16, 1864 ; d. Jan. 12, 1871. 

21. David W., s. of Alven, b. Feb. 1, 1827; m. Janette Hitch- 
cock, of Westfield, Vt., Nov. 1, 1853 

Ch. : Frank Augustcui, Oct. 12, 1854 ; d. Frederic Homer, July 13, 1864 ; d. Sept. 

March 14, 1857. 8, 1864. 

Jennie Alice, Dec. 19, 1857. Louis H., April 26, 1867. 

Anna Frances, Oct. 19, 1860. Cora, Sept. 1, 1871. 

22. HoRACK E , 8. of Harvey, b. June 18, 1845 ; m. Carrie B. 
Wallis, May 21, 1871. 

Ch. : Lizzie Emma, Nov. 25, 1873. 

23. Edwin A., s. of Augustus; b. Dec. 9, 1826; m. Mrs. Carrie 

(Moore) Wallis, Aug. 18, 1857. 
Ch. : George H., Dec. 6, 1862. 

24. William C, s. of Timothy, m. Lydia Tyler of Warren ; m. 
(2) Martha H Bliss of Brimfield, Oct. 19, 1858; he died Dec 9, and 
his wife Martha H , Dec. 11, 1872. 

Ch.: Willie Bliss, July 18, 1859; d. April Harrie Bond, Aug. 7, 1864; d. Feb. 9, 

2, 1863. 1865. 

Mattie Bliss, Aug. 8, 1861. Nellie Bond, Dec. 16, 1865; d. April 8, 
Sallie Rebecca, April 6, 1863 ; d. July 26, 1866. 

1864. Mary Olmstead, Aug. 10, 1868. 

THE KEYES FAMILY.* 

Among the families of Brimfield the name of Kej'es is prominent. 
The first of the name was Dr. Justus Keyes, who came to town from 
Warren (see p. 172). His eldest son. Major General Erasmus D. 
Keyes, of national fame, was born in Brimfield, but at the age of 
fifteen went to live with an uncle in Maine, named Morse. Young 
Keyes, having military ambitions, made a direct application to Secre- 
tary of War Barbour, giving a full description of himself, and re- 
ceived an immediate appointment. The following is his military his- 
tory : Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 1828, to 
July 1, 1832, when he was graduated and commissioned in the Army 
(Bvt. Second Lieut., 3d. Artillery, July 1, 1832). Served in garrison 

•The facts which are here given are principally from the '' Keyes Qenealogy ** now being 
compiled by Judge Asa Keyes of Brattleboro, Vt. 

54 



426 GENEALOGY. 

at Fort Monroe, Va., (Artillery School for Practice,) 1832 ; Charles- 
ton Harbor, S. C, 1832-33, during South Carolina's threatened nullifi- 
cation ; (Second Lieut., 3d. Artillery, Aug. 31, 1833) on Staff duty at 
the Headquarters of the Eastern Department, 1833-37 ; (First Lieut, 
3d. A.rtillery, Sept. 16, 1836), as Aide-de-Camp to General Scott, Feb. 
7, 1837, to July 7, 1838; in the Cherokee Nation, 1838, while 
emigrating the Indians to the West; (C<apt. Staff Asst. Adjutant 
General, July 7 to Nov. 16, 1838) as Aide-de-Camp to General Scott, 
Dec. 1, 1838, to Nov. 30, 1841 ; (Capt. 3d. Artillery, Nov. 30, 1841) 
in Florid.a, 1842; in garrison at New Prleans Barracks, La, 1842, and 
Fort Moultrie, S C, 1842-44 ; as member of the I^oard of Visitors to 
the Military Academy, 1844 ; at the Military Acsidemy, as Instructor 
of Artillery and Cavalry, July 25, 1844, to Dec. 24, 1848 ; in garrison 
at San Francisco, Cal., 1849-51; escorting Indian Commissioners in 
California, 1851 ; in garrison at San. Francisoc, Cal , 1851-52, 1853-54, 
1854-55 ; on frontier duty, engaged in Indian hostilities in Washing- 
ton Territory, 1855 ; at Fort Steilacoom, Wash , 1855-56 ; scouting, 
1856, on Puget Sound, being engaged against hostile Indians in a 
skirmish at White River, Wash , March 1, 1856, and Fort Steilacoom, 
Wash., 1856; in garrison at San Francisco, Cal , 1856-58; on Spokane 
Expedition, Wash., 1858, being engaged in the combat of Four Lakes, 
Sept. 1, 1858, combat of Spokane Plain, Sept. 5, 1858, and skirmish 
on Spokane River, Sept. 8, 1858 ; (Major 1st. Artillery, Oct. 12, 1858,) 
in garrison at San Francisco, Cal , 1858-59 ; and as Military Secretary 
to Lieut.-General Scott, Jan. 1, 1860, to April 19, 1861. 

Gen. Keyes served during the Rebellion as follows: At New York 
City, assisting in organizing an expedition to relieve Fort Pickens, 
Fla, April 1-20, 1861; Colonel of the Infantry, March 14, 1861, and 
(Brig.Gencral, U. S. Volunteers, May 17, 1861,) on Staff of Governor 
Morgan, of New York, assisting in dispat(!hing the State quota of 
Volunteers to the field, April 21 to June 25, 1861 ; in recruiting his 
regiment at Bostcm, June 25, to July 3, 1861 ; in the defenses of 
W^ashington, D. C, July, 1861 ; engnged in the battle of Bull Run, 
July 21, 1861; in the defenses of Washington, D. C, July 22, 1861, 
to March 10, 1862 ; in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, commanding 
Fourth Corps, Army of the Potomac, March — Sept. 1M62, being en- 
gaged in the action at Lee's Mills, April 5, 1862; siege of Yorktown, 
April 5, to May 4, 1862; (Maj. -General, U. S. Volunteers, May 5, 
18G2,) in skirmish at Bottom's iiridge, May 22, 1862; action near 
Savage Station, May 24, 18G2; battle of Fair Oaks, May 31, 1862; 
(Bvt. Brig.-General, U. S. Army, May 31, 18G2, for gallant and meri- 
torious conduct in battle of Fair Oaks, Va.,) battle of Charles City Cross 



GENEALOGY. 427 

Eoads, June 29, 1862 ; battle of Malvern Hill, July 1, 18G2 ; and 
skirmish at Harrison's Landing, July 2, 1862; in command of Fourth 
Army Corps on the Virginia Peninsula, Aug. 25, 1862, to July, 1863, 
being engaged in the organization of a raid to White House, Va., Jan. 
7, 1863 ; in command of expedition to West Point, Va., May 7, 1863 ; 
and in expedition under Major-General Dix towards Richmond, June — 
July, 1863, being engaged in several skirmishes ; and on Board for 
Retiring Disabled Officers, July 15, 1863, to May 6, 1864, when he 
resigned. 

During his service in San Fjrancisco, General Keyes became some- 
what identified with the place and after retiring from the army, bought 
land and planted a vineyard of forty thousand vines, built one of the 
largest wine cellars in California, and was elected chief officer of the 
vine-cultural society, for the County of Napa. In March, 1872, he 
went to Europe, where he traveled extensively, remaining for five 
years. In the autumn of 1878, he again went to Europe, where were 
his wife and family, and is still there. 

Edward L. Keyes, second son of Dr. Justus (name recorded in 
Brimfield Elias, and changed by himself,) " had only a common school 
education with one or two terms at an Academy. He had a true taste 
for literature and his youthful ambition led him to employ his leisure 
hours in study. He was a clerk in a wholesale stAe in Boston, and 
availed himself of the opportunities afforded by that city for acquiring 
knowledge, and wrote articles for the papers, which were applauded, 
and mirchandizing became distasteful. 

He took a leading part in the formation of the Free soil party, and 
in 1844 bought the printing establishment of the Dedham Gazette." 

" He represented Dedham for two years in the State Legislature, 
and the County of Norfolk in the State Senate. In 1848 he was a 
member of the Executive Council, and in 1853 represented the town 
of Abington in the Constitutional Convention. For several years ho 
was one of the foremost young men of the State, wielding a vigorous 
and earnest pen, and as a speaker, combining graceful manner, with a 
clear, musical and deep toned voice and commanding presence." 

Winfield Scott Keyes, eldest son of Gen. Keyes, graduated from 
Yale College in 1860, and studied three years in the Royal School of 
mines at Freiburg, Saxony, where in ten out of eleven elective 
'branches, he received the highest mark. On his return to America, he 
went to Csilifomia, intent upon the practical exercise of his profession. 
He visited the mills, mines and processes of California and Washoe, 
and has since been superintendent of various silver mills, smelting and 
refining works, in Sonora, Mexico, in Montana, and in Neveda. In 



428 . GENEALOGr. 

the summer of 1876 he served on his appointment by the Centennial 
Commission, as member of the Board of Judges for mining, metallurgy, 
etc , at the International Exhibition at Philadelphia. He was ap- 
j>ointed by the President as Commissioner to the Paris Exposition, in 
1878, to represent the State of Nevada, which pressure of other duties 
prevented his attending. 

Edward Lawrence Keyes, second son of Gen. Keyes, graduated from 
Yale is 1863, graduated as M. D. in 1866, studied in Paris about two 
years, and is now practicing medicine in New York as the partner of 
Dr. William H. Van Buren. (See biographies of eminent living 
American surgeons, Philadelphia, for notice of Dr. Keyes ) He is the 
author of various medical works and papers. 

1. KEYES, Dr. Justus, s. of Edward and Mary (Work) Keyes, 

of Ashford, Conn., b. Nov. 9, 1780; d. Sept. 21, 1835; m. Betsey 

Corey, May 11, 1806 ; she d. March 3, 1826 ; m. (2) Polly Wight of 

Sturbridge, Dec. 2, 1828 ; she d Dec. 2, 1873. 
Ch. : Mary Ann, March 1, 1808 ; m. lias- Erasmus Darwin, May 29, 1810. 
sel T. Wheelock, May 17, 1826 ; d. 1843. Elias (or Edward L.,) Aug. 3, 1812. 

2. Gen. Erasmus D., s. of Dr. Justin, b. May 29, 1810 ; m. Caro- 
line Maria Clarke, Nov. 8, 1837 ; she d. Nov. 26, 1853 ; m. (2) Mrs. 
Mary Loughborough, Nov. 22, 1862. 

Ch. : Winfield Scott, Nov. 17, 1839 ; m. Florence Adele, Oct. 12, 1853 ; m. Lieut. 

Flora Aguilea Hastings, April 25, 1 878. Samuel H. Gibson, U. S. N., Dec. 6, 1 876 . 

Eleanor Fisher, Nov. 18, 1841 ; m. Brad- Alexander Darwin, Jan. 6, 1864. 

bury C. Chetwood of New York, 1862. Bessie Maria Corey, Feb. 18, 1868; d. 
Edward Lawrence, Aug. 28, 1843. 1873, in Brussels, Belgium. 

Caroline Maria, June 4, 1848 ; m. Capt. Henry Erasmus, Sept. 19, 1870. 

Samuel R. Franklin, U. S. N , March Agues Geraldine, Nov. 18, 1871. 

4, 1871. Francis Walker Corey, Sept. 22, 1873. 

3. Edward L., s. of Dr. Justus, b. Aug. 3, 1812 ; d. June 6, 1859 ; 
m. Lucy Brooks, May 30, 1843. 

Ch. : Caroline Florence, March 23, 1844 ; Alexander S. B. and George Stuart 
m. Edmund T. Mudge of Baltimore, (twins), July 28, 1846. 
Nov. 25, 1870. Edward L., Jr., Sept. 26, 1848. 

4. Edward L., s. of Gen. Erasmus D., b. Aug. 28, 1843 ; m. Sarab 
M. Loughborough, April 26, 1870. 

Ch. : Edward Lougborough, May 15, 1873. Eleanor, June 18, 1878. 
Hamilton Augustine, Dec. 24, 1876. 

5. AIexandkr S. B., 8. of Edward L., b. July 28, 1846 ; m. Virginia 
G. Maxwell, 1870; w^as second Lieut, in the late war, afterward ap- 
pointed to regular army and now Captain in Tenth Cavalry. 

6. Gkorge S., 8. of Edward L., b. July 28, 1846 5 m. Emma C. 
Reed, 1869 ; their son, George Stuart, Jr., b. 1872. 



GENEALOGY. 429 

THE LINCOLN FAMILY. 

1. LINCOLN, Db. Asa, s. of Asa, b. at Taunton, Mass., June, 
1782; d. July 7, 1854; m. Sarah E. Danielson, Sept. 4. 1809; she d. 
Aug. 10, 1830. 

Ch. : Charles D., Nov. 28, 1810. James D., March 30, 1823. 

Mary D., Jan. 22, 1813; m. Chauncy E, William D., March 12, 1825; d. May 15, 

Datton, Jan. 1836. 1846. 

Timothy D., May 11, 1815. Charlotte D., Feh. 13, 1827 ; d. Oct. 18» 

Frederic D., April 27, 1816. 1847. 

Sarah D., Dec. 17, 1819; m. Bev. B. E. Elizabeth D., June 22, 1829; d. Jan. 1> 

Hale, Dec. 12, 1854. 1849. 
Erancis D., Sept. 30, 1821. 

2 Charles D., s. of Dr. Asa, b. Nov. 28, 1810 ; m. Maria Prouty, 
Oct 6, 1842. 

Ch. : Mary W., Sept. 4, 1843. Elizabeth D., Oct. 9, 1857. 

3. Francis D., s. of Dr. Asa, b. Sept. 30, 1821 ; m. Rebecca F. 

Cox, Sept. 28, 1848. 

Ch. : Bebecca Maria, Nov. 7, 1849. Henrietta Frances, July 2, 1853 ; m. Bev. 

W. K. Peirce, June 1, 1875. 

THE LUMBARD FAMILY. 

In the distribution of land to the original proprietors of Brimfield, lot 
No. 1 was drawn by John Lumbard and No. 10 by David. A few years 
later the records speak of a Joseph Lumbard ; and it seems probable 
that John and Joseph were sons of David, who died April 7, 1743, 
though tradition does not inform us, and the records are silent. The 
family came from Springfield, where John, the first of the name, was 
resident in 1646. 

1. LUMBARD, John, b. March 16, 1685 ; d. March 17, 1750 ; m. 

Mary . 

Ch. : Joseph, July 16, 1720. Thomas, March 7, 1725. 

Mary, April 4, 1723. Stephen, May 24, 1728. 

2. Joseph, s. of John, b July .16, 1720; d. May 25, 1806; m. 

Ruth ; she d. May 12, 1763 ; m. (2) Lydia ; she d. Feb. 17^ 

1832. 

Ch. : Joseph, Jr., March 1, 1744. David, Feb. 17, 1766. 

Benjamin, Oct. 28, 1745. Chloe, March 6, 1768 ; m. Thomas Belk- 

Aaron, Nov, 2, 1747. nap, Ang. 26, 1790. 

Elijah, Jan. 20, 1750. Percy, Jime 28, 1770. 

Ruth, Feb. 17, 1752 ; d. March 9, 1753. Abner, Sept. 7, 1772. 

Lucy, April 2, 1756 ; m. Jonathan Gibbs, William, Oct. 21, 1774. 

April 18, 1776. Mary, March 15, 1777; m. Nathaniel 

Sarah, May 11, 1764; m. Joel Moftatt, Charles, April 10, 1794. 

Oct. 4, 1781. 



430 GENEALOGY. 

3. Thomas, s. of John, b. [March 7, 1725; m. Lois ; m. (2) 

Mrs. Betsey Frisbee, Oct. 5, 1797. 

Ch. : Lydia, July 15, 1746. Absalom, Sept. 21, 1757. 

Lois, Aug. 8, 1748; m. William Blash- Azubah, March 11, 1759; m. Adam 

field, May 30, 1771. Townsley, April 8, 1779. 

Thomas, Jr., March 26, 1751. Eunice, Nov. 25, 1761. 

Zilplia, Nov. 17, 1753 ; m. Jeremiah How- Gideon, Sept. 13, 1764. 

ard, Oct. 29, 1772. Kunice, Oct. 11, 1772. 

4. Stephen, s. of John, b. May 24, 1728 ; m. Eebekah 

Ch. : Rel)€kah, Aug. 25, 1750. Eliphalet, Aug. 3, 1769. 

Stephen, Jr., Sept. 15, 1762. Triphena, June 14, 1774. 

5. Joseph, Jr., s. of Joseph, b. March 1, 1744 ; d. Oct. 16, 1825; 
m. Mary ; she d. July 1(5, 18*J4. 

Ch. : Ariel, Aug. 5, 1767 ; m. Abagail I^muel, bap. Nov. 24. 1782. 

Charles, Jan. 5, 1797. Mary, bap. May 14, 1786 ; m. Levi Janes. 

Farley, March 16, 1769. Lyman, bap. May 25, 1788 ; studied medi- 

Aaron, March 2, 1771. cine with Dr. Justus Keyos, and settled 

Nathan, Sept. 4, 1777 ; d. Sept 4, 1847. in Colebrook, N. H. 
Lucina, Oct 13, 1781 ; m. George Sessions, 

Feb. 20, 1800. 

6. Benjamin, s. of Joseph, b. Oct 28, 1745; m Sarah . 

Ch. Joseph, Oct. 9, 1775. Zenas, Sept. 1, 1779. 

Cynthia, May 14, 1777. Sally, April 30, 1785. 

7. Aaron, s. of Joseph, b. Nov. 2, 1747 ; d. Dec. 22, 1824 ; m. 
Lucy . 

Ch. : Eusebia, March 27, 1781. Duras, May 12, 1791. 

Zelotes, Feb. 15, 1783 ; d. May 26, 1783. Milla; ni. I>avid Button, Jan. 22, 1815. 

Abiram, May 4, 1785. Elijah, March 23, 1799. 

Orpha, Jan. 17, 1787; m. Daniel Sikes, Eliza, Sept. 17, 1800; d. Aug. 28, 1824. 

Jan. 21, 1810. Zelotes, July 7, 1804 ; d. Feb. 1, 187a 
Erastus, Sept. 20, 1789. 

8. Elijah, s. of Joseph, b. Jan. 20, 1750 ; m. Eunice . 

Ch. : Eli, Oct. 11, 1774 ; d. Oct., 1778' Jamea, April 5, 1778. 

Elijah, Jr., Dec. 17, 1775. 

9. David, s. of Joseph, b. Feb. 17, 1766; d. Dec. 12, 1845; m. 
Tirzah Anderson ; she d. Oct. 26, 1822 ; m. (2) Lovina Dunton ; she 
d. Dec. 27, 1862. 

Ch. : Betsey, June 22, 1789 ; m. Byron CorliH, Feb. 24, 1802; d. Feb., 1858. 

Lumbard. Otis, March 17, 1804 ; d. July, 1875. 

Roxy, Jan. 9, 1791; m. Asa Dunham, Harvey, Aug. 3, 1806. 

March 6, 1811. Warren, June 18, 1808; d. March 26, 1837. 

Roswell, Feb. 4, 1794. Anderson, May 11, 1810. 

Docia, Feb. 11, 1796 ; d. Oct. 6. 1803. Emerson, Oct. 19, 1813. 

Grosvenor, Aug. 20, 1798; d. Sept. 26, Mary A., April 25, 1824; m. George S. 

1803. Stone, May 7, 1849. 

Cutler, June 16, 1800 ; d. Oct. 2, 1803. 



GENEALOGY. 431 

10. Thomas, Jr., s. of Thomas, b. March 26, 1751 ; m. Mary ; 

m (2) Anne Shaw, July 17, 1791. 

Ch. : RufuB, Feb. 17, 1781. Jacob, April 6, 1788. 

Polly, Dec. 23, 1782. Daniel, Oct. 9, 1794. 

Thomas 3d, July 1 7, 1 784. I'eggy, I>ec. 27, 1 795. 

James, June 16, 1786. Augustus, Jan. 13, 1799. 

11. GiDBox, s. of Thomas, b. Sept. 13, 1764; d. Aug. 29, 1804 ; m. 
Sarah Bacon, Feb. 1, 1786 ; she d. May 6, 1836. 

Ck. : Patty, March 20, 1786 ; d. Feb. 13, Philip, moved to Sangerfield, N. Y. 

1828. Gideon; d. Sept. 23, 1803. 

Absalom, Dec. 16, 1787. Eunice ; m. George Bacon, Dec. 25, 1831. 

Reuel, Nov. 27, 1789 ; d. Aug. 3, 1790. Polly; m. Labon Whiting, Jan. 25, 1819. 
Sally, June 18, 1791 ; m. Horace Moulton. 

12. Joseph, s. of Benjamin, b. Oct. 9, 1775 ; m. Nabby Janes, 
Dec. 2, 1800 ; their daughter Evelina b. Sept. 20, 1801. 

13. Lemuel, s. of Joseph, Jr.; b. 1782; d. Nov. 6, 1860; ro. 
Lucina Taylor, April 20, 1809 ; she d. Sept. 25, 1833 ; m. (2) Mrs. 
Esther Eenton, Sept. 16, 1835 ; she d. Jan. 27, 1859. 

Ch. : Almira, May 7, 1809 ; m. Jesse B. John, July 2, 1818 ; d. July 11, 1819. 

Ives. Lewis, Aug. 12, 1820; d. Oct. 7, 1847. 

Alfred, Jan. 13, 1811. Sarah, Aug. 1, 1823 ; d. Dec. 21, 1832. 

Augusta, Nov. 6, 1813; m. Samuel B. Mary Eliza, Jan., 1825 ; m. John Tyler. 

Rice, April 22, 1834. 
Charlotte, March 17, 1815; m. Truman 

Curtis, Sept. 23, 1840. 

14. Abiram, s. of Aaron, b. May 4, J 785; m. Betsey ; their 

son Lemuel Chandler born Aug. 14, 1816 ; family removed to State of 
New York. 

15. Erastus, s. of Aaron, b. Sept. 20, 1789 ; d. May 11, 1866 ; m. 

Sabra Dunham, Sept. 20, 1809 ; d. April 20, 1821 ; m. (2) Polly Clark, 

July, 1822; she d. Fob. 5, 1832; m. (3) Ollive Firmin, April 13, 1834. 

Ch. : Albert Weaver, Aug. 12, 1810. Seth Dunham, Oct. 29, 1819. 

Dorinda, .Tune 21, 1812; m. Samuel P. Sabra Ann Stebhins, April 1, 1821; m. 

Cushman. Wheaton Knight. 

Foster, Dec. 5, 1814 ; d. Sept. 8, 1816. Orville S., Oct. 11, 1830. 

16. Elijah, s. of Aaron, b. March 23, 1799 ; d. Feb. 8, 1869 ; m. 
Mary Cushman, Sept. 25, 1825 : she d. March 5, 1842 ; m. (2) Elmira 
Dunham, Oct. 2, 1844 ; she d. May 29, 1850 ; m. (3) Candace Colc- 
buru (int.) April 19, 18 3. 

Ch.: Wyman Cushman, March 18, 1828. Julia Maria, Feb. 28, 1840; d. June 15, 

Russell, Sept. 7, 1830. 1857. 

Gilbert, Nov. 27, 1834 ; d. in war of rebel- James David, Oct. 2, 1845. 

lion. I^than, April 5, 1847. 

Dwight, June 30, 1836. Elmira K., June 25, 1848; m. Henry 

William Duros, Feb. 2, 1839; m. Lois Wheeler. 

Hatch, May 26, 1866. 



432 6ENBAL06T. 

17. RoswELL, 8. of David, b. Feb. 4, 1794; d. May, 1878; 

Sarah Charles, March 4, 1819. 

Chr. Charles Otis, Dec. 8, 1819. ' Lydia I>aroe, April 15, 1827 ; m. Jo 

Apphia, Oct. 21, 1821 ; m. Albert Crouch, Pratt, Oct. 28, 1851. 

Oct. 6, 1847. Corlis, Nov. 21, 1829. 

Almira Ann, March 20, 1823. WUliara, Jan. 12, 1834. 

18. Harvky, 8. of David, b. Aug. 3, 1806 ; m. Harriet Hoar, M 
1, 1833; d. Sept. 12, 1876. 

Ch.'. Sarah Jane, Aug. 18, 1834; m. Mary Levisa, June 18, 1845 ; d. Sept. 2 

Montreville Ackert, Jan. 28, 1852. 1847. 

Julia A., Jan. 4, 1837 ; d. Nov. 27, 1843. Frances H., March 15, 1849 ; m. Jo 
John H., Nov. 12, 1839; m. Emma R. Slater, May 1, 1870. 

Varney, April 10, 1866. 

19. Absalom, s. of Gideon, b. Dec. 16, 1787 ; d. March 10, 185 

m. Prudence Willard ; she d. Aug. 22, 1863. 

Ch. : Philip Willard, July 31, 1817 ; d Sarah Ann, Sept. 10, 1824 ; m, Daniel 

June 18, 1849. Wight, Aug. 31, 1846. 

Mary Whitney, Nov. 12, 1818; d. Sept. Eunice Lee, Oct. 17, 1826. 

3, 1819. William Henry, March 9, 1829. 

Maria Whitney, Feb. 22, 1 820 ; m. Emory Catharine, July 22, 1 830 ; d. June 1 3, 1 87r- 

L. Bates, Dec. 4, 1845. Charles E., Oct. 6, 1832; m. Lizzie M. 

George, Nov. 8. 1821 ; d. May 8, 1822. Merrill, Nov. 18, 1858. 
John Franklin, June 17, 1823. 

20. Alfred, s. of Lemuel, b. Jan. 13, 1811 ;' m. Eliza Fenton. 

Ch. : Frances E., May, 1841 ; d. Oct. 12, Frances M., March, 1846 ; d. May 10, 1847. 
1843. Elizabeth Maria, March' 1, 1850; m. 

Warriner, May 19, 1844 ; d. June 2, 1844. Frank E. Carpenter, March 1, 1876. 

21. Charles 0., s. of Roswell, b. Dec. 8, 1819; m. Patty Hitch- 
cock, Dec. 17, 1848. 

Ch,: Sarah Ann, Jan. 26, 1850; m. Ed- Caroline Edith, Jan. 13, 1852. 
ward O. Waters, Jan. 26, 1871. Eva E. T., June 22, 1857. 

22. William, s. of Roswell, b. Jan 12, 1834; m. Sarab Boot, Nov. 
12, 1856. 

Ch. : Harrison R., Oct. 15, 1858 ;td. Nov. Olive A., Sept. 4, 1865 ; d. Nov. 2, 1866. 

4, 1862. Eucb'd, Roswell, Aug. 6, 1869. 

23. John, F. s. of Absalom, b. June 17, 1823; m. Sarah V. Shaw, 
Nov. 23, 1848. 

Ch. : Herbert Franklin, Oct. 18, 1855 ; d. Eddie R., July 31, 1858. 
Dec. 24, 1857. Harry A., Aug. 11, 1862. 

JESSE LYMAN. 

LYMAN, Jesse, came from Bolton, Ct., to Brimfield, about 1820; 
d. Aug. 1, 1854 ; m. Mary ; she d. Jan. 10, 1850. 



GENEALOGY. 433 

■ 

C7^.:MaryH.,Nov. 4,1808; d.Dec.31, 1829. Martin D., Nov. 29, 1816. 

Cr proline, Sept. 23, 1810; m. JairuB Brack- Nathan G., March 12, 1820. 

ett. May 6, 1835. Wm. H. H., July 15, 1823. 

aron B., April 10, 1812. Frances E., Oct. 10, 1826; d. Dec. 28, 

harles G.,March 19,1814. d. Dec. 31, 1835. 1835. 

THE LYON FAMILY. 

LYON, Col. Alfred, moved from Holland to Brimfield about 1800, 

e was b. March 4, 1753 ; d. Dec. 5, 1813 ; m. Lydia Ballard, Jan 23, 

777 ; she was b. Nov. 18, 1756 ; d. Dec. 29, 1822. 

<h.: Elvira, Oct. 21, 1777; m. Pliny Prudence, Oct. 21, 1787; m. Abel Burt, 

Polly, Int, July 24, 1796. March 17, 1811. 

^rril, May 19, 1779; m. Calvin BrowTi, Washington, Jan. 1, 1790. 

Sept. 1, 1802. Horatio, July 15, 1792; d. May 15, 1799. 

TEudotia, Aug. 19, 1781; m. Elias Carter, Lydia, May 22, 1794; m. Jolm Wylca, 

May 25, 1807. March, 19, 1816. 

Roxey, Dec. 7, 1783; m. Charles Cham- Alfred, Dec. 12, 1796. 

berlain, Jan. 20, 1805. Horatio, July 31, 1801. 
Sophia, July 9, 1785; m. Marquis Con- 
verse, April 27, 1808. 

Col. Washington, s. of Alfred, b. Jan. 1, 1790 ; d. Aug. 29, 1824 ; 
m. Elvira Warren, July 12, 1812. 

Ch.: Charles Warren, d. March 1, 1813. Maria Wylcs, about 1820; m. Mr. Clel- 

Julia Ann, Feb. 2, 1815; in. Horatio L. laud. 

Carter. Harriet, ; d. June 21, 1825, age 2 

Harriet Morgan, July 15,1818; d. Oct. 1 1 , years. 

1818. 

REUEL MERRICK. 

MERRICK, Reuel, b. 1780 ; d. May 24, 1832 ; m. Marcia Fenton 
May 10, 1816 ; she d. Aug. 12, 1876. 

Ck : Eli Munn, Feb. 28, 1817 ; d. March Caroline, June 10, 1823 ; d. Dec. 10, 1823. 

9, 1848. Elizabeth, April 4, 1825 ; m. John D. 

Henry Franklin, April 27, 1819 ; d. June Blauchard, May 8, 1850. 

7, 1849. Ambrose Newell, Feb. 9, 1827. 

William Francis, April 17, 1821; sup- Harriet, Jan. 22, 1831 ; m. James L. Mor- 

posed to have d. in Mexico about 1849. gan, May 19, 1860. 

THE MORGAN FAMILY. 

The Morgans are of Welsh descent. Miles Morgan, ancestor of the 
Massachusetts families, came to Boston in April, 1636, with two broth- 
ers, one of whom wint to Connecticut. The other removed to Vir- 
ginia, and was the ancestor of Gen. David Morgan of "ranger'' fame 
in the Revolution. Miles joined the colony tliat came from Roxbury 
to Springfield. On shipboard he made the acquaintance of Miss Pni- 
65 



434 GENEALOGY. 

dence Gilbert, who went to Beverly. Finding that his heart had gone 
with her he sent her wprd to that effect, and on receiving her response 
set out for Beverly, taking two friends, an Indian guide and an old 
horse. Happily married, the pair walked the wliole distance back to 
8[)ringfiold, the old horse bearing the bride's dowry of household 
goods. Their grandson. Deacon David, and his son Joseph were 
among the original proprietors of Brimfield, drawing respectively 
Grants 46 and 25 in the distribution of lands. Later some of the sons 
of Benjamin, a brother of David, settled in Brimfield, and it is impos- 
sible to gather from the records which of the brothers was father of 
John, Daniel or Noah, 

1. MORGAN, Dea. David, b. Feb. 18, 1679 ; m. Deborah Colton, 
1703 ; d. Sept. 11, 1760. 

Ch. : David. Jonatlian. 

Joseph, Aug. 19, 1705. Deborah ; m. Nathaniel Collins. 

Mary ; m. Leonard Iloar, Jr., May 6, Mercy. 

1736. Isaac. 
Elizabeth; m. Phineas Sherman, Dec. 12, 

1738. 

2. Joseph, s. of Dea David, b. Aug. 19, 1705 ; d.'.Tan. 28, 1798 ; m. 
Margaret Cooley, Dec. 25, 1729; she d. July 7, 1754; m. (2) Rachel 
Dada, Aug. 11, 1757 ; she d. March 27, 1810. 

Ch. : Margaret ; April 20, 1730 ; m. John Miriam, May 7, 1742. 

Mighell, Feb. 2, 1749. David, Jan. 25, 1745. 

Joseph, Jr., April 17, 1733. Keziah, Jan. 26, 1747 ; m. Benjamin Cady, 
Mary, Feb. 28. 1735. Dec. 31, 1767. 

Mary, June 15, 1737 ; m. Capt. Ebenczer Aaron, March 16, 1749. 

Hitchcock, May 7, 1761. Elijah, May 31, 1758. 

Benjamin, July 24, 1739. Enoch, Aug. 3, 1763. 

3. Jonathan, s. of Deacon David, m. liuth Miller, Feb. 2^^ 1745; 
d. Jan. 1, 1796. 

Ch. : Abncr, Jan. 9, 1746. Rutli, Sept. 2, 1754; m. Ebenczer Phillipa 

Jonathan, Jr., April 12, 1748. June 28, 1780. 

Lois, April 15, 1750; m. William Warri- 
ner, Oct. 10, 1776. 

4. Isaac, s. of Dea. D.ivid ; m. Dinah Burbank, Aug. 10, 1741. 

Ch.\ Isaac, Jr., Nov. 19, 1742. Thankful, Feb. 22, 1752; d. May 26, 1754. 

Caleb, March 16,1743; m. Tirzah Col- Deborah, Sept. 30, 1 754. 

lins, Nov. 4, 1768. Isaac, Jr., March 9, 1758; d. May, 1780. 

Eunice, March 13, 1747; m. Jesse Lee, David, Nov. 12, 1760. 

Jan. 12, 1769. Edward, Aug 21, 1764. 
Eli, July 22, 1749. 

5. Benjamin, Jr., s. of Benjamin; m. Elinor Chapin, June 15; 
1744. 

Ch. : Elinor, Jan. 9, 1746. Jerusha, Sept. 24, 1748. 



GENEALOGY. 435 

6. Stephen, s. of Benjamin ; m. Mary Chapin, May 26, 1748. 

Ch. : Luce, May 21, 1749. Mary, bap. Sept. 9, 1759. 

Aaron, March 10, 1751. Hannah, April 17, 1763. 

Mary, bap. Feb. 11, 1753; d. Oct. 28, 
1754. 

7. John; m. Abigail Blashfield, Nov. 24, 1743; m. (2) Margaret 
Mighell, July 22, 1761. 

Ch. : Abigail, Oct. 15, 1744 ; m. Reuben Judith, bap. March 21, 1756. 
Townsley, Jr., Nor. 14, 1768. Pelatiah, bap. Sept. 2, 1764. 

John, Jr., bap. July 22, 1750. PoUy, June 13, 1766; m. Israel Bond, 

Rose, bap. Feb. 22, 1753. April 22, 1784. 

8. Daniel ; m. Mary Morgan, May 30, 1751. 

Ch: Ame, March 10, 1752; m. Joseph Daniel, Jr., Aug. 19, 1762. 

Tucker, Jan. 13, 1773. Perley, Oct. 16, 1765. 

Daniel, Jr., May 24, 1755, d. Nov. 10, Ephraim, Jan. 12, 1769. 

1758. 
Jacob, Aug. 20, 1758, m. Sally Traak, 

Nov. 1, 1787. 

9. Noah ; m. Mercy King, April 1, 1762. 

Ch : Lovina, Oct. 24, 1762. Mary, Oct. 23, 1767. 

Apollos, Dec. 2, 1764. 

10. Joseph, Jr., s. of Joseph, b. April 17, 1733 ; d. Jan. 29, 1816 ; 
m. Sarah Mighell May 17, 1769 ; she d. Jan. 6, 1821. 

Ch: Sarah, April 8, 1760; m. Christo- Joseph, 3d, Oct. 22, 1766. 

pher Ward June 10, 1784. William, Aug. 20, 1769. 

Benjamin, April 12, 1762. Nathan, Nov. 23, 1771. 

Nathaniel, Sept. 20, 1764. Rachel, Feb. 26, 1774; d. Oct. 15, 1776. 

11. David, s. of Joseph, b. Jan. 25, 1745; m. Tabitha Collins 
Nov. 27, 1766. 

Ch : Phebe, Sept. 23, 1767 ; m. Ebenezer Mary, Aug. 23, 1778. 

Frizzell Dec. 27, 1787. Tirzah, Aug. 8, 1780. 

Margaret, Nov. 8, 1769. Abner, Sept. 13, 1782. 

Tabitha, Jan. 31, 1772; m. John Moore Henry, May 18, 1785. 

April 22, 1792. Bathsheba, Aug. 2, 1787. 

Persis, May 30, 1774; m. Maj. Abner Collins Cooley Weld, April 21, 1791. 

Morgan, March 31, 1796. Lewis, Dec. 14, 1794; d. April 19, 1814. 

David, Jr., July 5, 1776. 

12. Aaron, s. of Joseph, b. March 16, 1749 ; d. Aug. 30, 1825 ; 
m. Abigail Sherman Nov. 26, 1772 ; she d. Oct. 3, 1828. 

CA: Lucy, Jan. 20, 1774; m. James Thomas, April 7, 1788; m. Orra Morgan 

Moore Dec. 19, 1793. Oct. 27, 1816. 

Justin, March 8, 1777. Sally, June 30, 1790 ; m. Harris Sherman 

Aaron, Jr., Dec. 6, 1779. April 28, 1814. 
Calvin, May 27, 1782. 

13. Elijah, s. of Joseph, b. May 31, 1758 ; m. Patty Hitchcock 

Oct. 8, 1778. 

Ch : James, July 20, 1780. FoUy, July 17, 1782. 



436 GENEALOGY. 

14. Enoch^ 8. of Joseph, b. Aug. 3, 1763 ; m. Marcy Bates, April 
23, 1795. 

Ck : Betsy, July 9, 1796 ; m. John Mor- Eleanor, March 25, 1800. 

gan, Jr., April 17, 1828. Mercy, 1802 ; d. July 18, 1854. 

Franklin, Jan. 5, 1798. 

15. Abner, s. of Jonathan, b. Jan. 9, 1746; m. Persis Morgan 
March 31, 1796; d. Nov. 7, 1837. 

Ch: Harriet, Dec, 11, 1797; m. William Peyton Randolph, Dec. 16, 1803. 

P. Trask, of NaU-hez, July 14, 1818 ; m. Almira, April 16, 1806. 

(2) Dr. Joseph T. Pitney ; d. May, 1862. Maria Antoinette; m. Dr. Samuel Salis- 

Persis, June 6, 1801 ; m. John B. Cooley bury. 

Nov. 1, 1821. 

16. Jonathan, Jr., s. of Jonathan, b. April 12, 1748; m. Elizsr 
beth Thompson, Nov. 19, 1772 ; d. March 28, 1816. 

Ck: Lucinda, Aug. 31, 1773; m. Levi Elizal)oth, Oct. 8, 1775. 
Keed June 28, 1798. Jonathan, March 4, 1778. 

17. Daniel, Jr., s. of Daniel, b. Aug. 12, 1762; m. Eunice Roth 
Dec. 20, 1792 ; their daughter Fanny born Sept. 20, 1796. 

18. Perley, 8. of Daniel, b. Oct 16, 1765 ; m. Asenath Townsley 
Dec. 29, 1791 ; she d. Jan. 15, 1808. 

Ch: Orra, July 10, 1793; m. Thomas Salome, Oct. 2, 1800; m. Charles J. Hill. 

Morgan Oct. 27, 1816. Rice, Oct. 19, 1802; m. Adelia Fairchild. 

David, Jan. 9, 1795. Munn, June 2, 1804; m. Angelina Safford. 

Amanda, May 20, 1797; m. Baxton Merrick, Dec. 20, 1806. 

Brownell. 

19. Joseph, 3d., s. of Joseph, Jr., b. Oct. 22, 1766 ; d. Jan. 22, 

1816 ; m. Patty Browning Oct. 18, 1792 ; she d. March 15, 1814. 

Ch : Miles, May 23, 1793. Enoch, Aug. 20, 1804. 

Lucy Browning, Feb 9, 1795 ; d. Oct. 16, Lawrence Sterne, July 22, 1806. 

1797. Martha, June 19, 1808 ; d. April 2, 1809. 

Lucy Browning, July 22, 1799. Margaret Browning, Dec. 11, 1812. 

Mary, July 2, 1802. 

20. Nathan, s. of Joseph, Jr., b. Nov. 23, 1771 ; m. Ruth Daniel- 
son Feb. 28, 1793. 

Ch : Phebe, Jan. 2, 179—. Caleb, Sept. 9, 179—. 

21. Justin, s. of Aaron, b. March 8, 1777 ; d. Jan. 13, 1843 ; m. 

Polly Moulton, Dec. 23, 1799; slie d. Oct. 19, 1809; m. (2) Sarah 

Tyler Dec. 1, 1814 ; she d. Feb. 7, 1856. 

Ch: Maria, Jan. 7, 1801; m. Harding Thomas Jones, Feb. 12, 1823. 

Slocum Sept. 20, 1818. Jane Klizabeth, June 29, 1825 ; m. Chaun- 

Ilorace, Feb. 24, 1803. coy Bean, Oct. 30, 1845. 

Albert, April 15, 1816 ; d. July 3, 1818. Moses Tyler, Jan. 9, 1827. 

Mary Tyler, April 28, 1818 ; m. Jeremiah (ieorge B., Feb. 3, 1831, 

Bean Oct. I, 1838; d. Fob. 12, 1850. Sarah K., Sept. 6. 1833; m. D. M. Hal- 
Thomas, Nov. 30 1819 ; d. Nov. 30, 1819. bert Feb. 17, 1855. 
Franklin Junes, Jan. 10, 1821 ; d. April 

27, 1822. 



GENEALOGY. 437 

22. Aaron, Jr , s. of Aaron, b. Dec, 6, 1779; d. May 3, 1851 ; m. Al- 
mira Aspinwall March 24, 1806 ; she d. Oct. 11, 1871. 

Ch: Lucy Caroline, May 8. 1807; m. Augusta Reed, Aug. 24, 1818; m. Charles 

William P. Iving, Feb. 8, 1831. Bigelow, Jr., March 17, 1846. 

Martha Catharine, Oct. I; 1811, m. Jo- Zalmon Aspinwall, Feb. 26, 1820. 

siah Beaman. William Ward, Feb. 26, 1822. 

John Wood worth, July 13, 1813; m. Charlotte Eaton, Feb. 22, 1824. 

Julia L. Fifield May 15, 1855. Margaret Whitwell, March 9, 1826. 

Lucretia Sergeant, June 24, 1816; m. Harris Sherman. Dec. 27, 1830; d. Sept. 

Seba. Carpenter Sept. 21, 1869. 26, 1832. 

23. Calvin, s. of Aaron, b. May 27, 1782 ; d. June 13, 1832; m. 
Polly Forbush March 10, 1803 ; she d. Jan. 12, 1868. 

Ch: Hiram, Aug. 1, 1803; d. June 29, Enoch Mel vin, June 2, 1813; d. Dec. 9 

1866. 1813. 

Dexter, June 2, 1805 ; d. March 17, 1818. Sarah B., March 26, 1815 ; m. Luther, 

Margaret F., Sept. 23, 1806; m. G. W. Bigelow, June 11, 1835; d. Sept. 17, 

Dinsmore Sept. 23, 1829. 1840. 

Calvin, Jr., April 4, 1808; m. Susannah Malvina F., April 12, 1817; m. Andrew 

P. Lane ; d. Oct. 31, 1835. J. Copp July 2, 1839 ; d. Juno 27, 1841. 

Mary Ann, Dec. 28, 1809 ; m. Joseph B. Francis Dexter, April 24, 1819 ; m. Eliza- 
Parker Oct. 15, 1833. beth Phelps Nov. 25, 1841 ; d. 1846. 

Abigail T., June 13, 1811 ; m. Heman S. Harriet N., Sept. 28, 1821. 

Jackson May 29, 1859. Cordelia, Oct. 20, 1825 ; d. Feb. 14, 1842. 

24. John, Jr., b. 1750 ; d. Sept. 1, 1832 ; m. Sally Bond March 16, 
1786 ; she d. Jan. 15, 1816. 

Ch : Polly, Oct. 5, 1785 ; m. Samuel Smith, John, 3d., and Lucy (twins), July 8, 1804 ; 
March 29, 1810. Lucy m. Rius Walker, March 20, 1830; 

David and Solomon, (twins), July 7, 1799. d. Feb. 25, 1854. 

Betsey ; m. Ezekiel Willis, Feb. 9, 

1843. 

25. Peyton, R., s. of Maj. Abner, b. Dec. 16, 1803 ; m. Joanna 
Appleton, 1843. 

Ch : James Appleton, Oct. 2, 1846. Anna Randolph, Sept. 14, 1854 ; d. April 

2, 1861. 

26. Thomas J., s. of Justin, b. Feb. 12, 1823; m. Madelia A. 
Patrick May 12, 1853. 

Ch : Edward H., Oct. 26, 1854. Sarah Louise, Sept. 18, 1867. 

Charles G., April 6, 1858. 

Mary Patrick and Lydia Hastings (twins), 

June 16, 1865; Mary d. Oct. 5, 1865; 

Lydia d. Sept. 17,1865. 

27. John, 3d., s. of Jobn, Jr., b. July 8, 1804 ; d. May 27, 1877 ; 
m, Betsey Morgan April 17, 1828; she d. March 14, 1867; their 
daughter Sarah P. b. 1829 ; d. Feb. 16, 1848. 



438 GENEALOGY. 



ALBIGENCE NEWELL. 

NEWELL, Albigence, b. Feb. 8, 1794; came to Brimfield about 
1820; d. April 11, 1872; m. Elmeda Lombard; she d. June 6, 1836; 
m. (2) Sarah Hoar, Nov. 16, 1837. 
Ch. : Waldo, June 30, 1821 ; d. Juno 14, Harriet J., May 3, 1840 ; d. Sept. 25, 1841. 

1842. Josephine, Feb. 6, 1842; d. Nov. 4, 1843. 

Eliza Ann, June 6, 1823 ; m. Jolin S. James Tyler, May 12, 1845 ; d. March 20, 

Clark, Dec. 31, 1845. 1857. 

Paulina, Aug. 11,1 825 ; d. A pril 12,1 833. Catherine Pamelia and Caroline Elizabeth 
Sarah, m. Horace Butler. (twins,) Jan. 27, 1847; Catherine P. m. 

Charles, moved to Indiana. Dexter Fairbanks ; Caroline E. m. Jan. 

Eveline, 1832; d. Aug. 29, 1852. T. Hunt, Nov. 19, 1868. 

William; d. Williiim Homer, Jan. 27, 1850. 

CHENEY NEWTON. 

NEWTON, Cheney, b. at Brookfield, July 19, 1816; m. Jane 
Rice, Oct. 25, 1836. 

Ch.\ Seraph Jane, Nov. 11, 1837; m. John Martin, Sept. 8, 1846; m. Emily 

Marcus H. Smith, May 3, 1860 ; m. (2) Hobbs, Nov. 26, 1867. 

John Hiues, Jan. 4, 1873. Frank Rice, Feb. 28, 1853 ; m. Maiy A. 

Thaddeus, Nov. 28, 1839; d. April 30, Callahan, July 25, 1878. 

1857. Willie Arthur, Aug. 1, 1856; d. Jan. 13, 

Demarus Adaline, Dec. 22, 1841 ; m. 1870. 

John W. Lawrence, April 12, 1864. 
Amanda Lucy, July 5, 1844 ; m. William 

G. Pepper, Nov. 15, 1866. 

THE NICHOLS FAMILY. 

William Nichols of Springfield appears to have been one of the early 
settlers of Brimfield, though he evidently died before the distribution 
of the land to the original proprietors, as Lot 8 is apportioned to 
"William Nichols' heirs." The descendants were afterward large 
land owners from the Tower Hill road westward, and the dwelling 
house now occupied by L. A. Cutler, and supposed to be the oldest in 
town, was built by Capt. Samuel Nichols nearly 125 years ago. 

1. NICHOLS, William, m. Sarah Mighell, April 23, 1712 ; she 
d. Feb. 26, 1751. 

Ch. : Stephen, Nov. 12, 1712. Stephen, Oct. 31, 1717. 

Mary, Dec. 29, 1714. Samuel, Dec. 20, 1720. 

William, Jr., Aug. 3, 1716. Jaboz, Dec. 20, 1728. 

2. William Jr, s. of William, b. Aug. 3, 1716; m. Annah 

Ch. : William; d. Sept. 30, 1742. Jerusha, Fob. 9, 1746. 

Sarah, Sept. 17, 1743. 



GENEALOGY. 439 

3. Samuel, s. of William, b. Dec. 20, 1720 ; m. Bathslieba — 7- 



Ch. : Samuel, Jr., Jan. 18, 1744. Sarah, June 14, 1754; d. June 26, 1754. 

Bathsheba, Jan. 13, 1746 ; d. Jan. 27, 1802. Zadoc, May 23, 1756. 

Klioda, April 7, 1 750 ; m. Issachar Brown, Abner, Oct. 10, 1 757 ; m. Katy Bliss, May 
Nov. 16, 1769. 30, 1773; d. Feb. 1, 1814 ; she d. May 

Stephen, AprU 9, 1752 ; d. Nov. 3, 1804. 9, 1838. 

4. Jabez, 8. of William, b. Dec. 20, 1728; m. Hannah 

Ch. : Jabez, Jr., July 25, 1743. William, April 13, 1753. 

Pern, May 15, 1745; m. Henry Lamber- Asahel, Aug. 11, 1755; m. Mrs. Betsey 

ton, Dec. 24, 1771. Gardner, Nov. 25, 1784; d. April 10, 

Malachi, June 29, 1747. 1801. 

Mary, Feb. 22, 1749; m. Samuel Lewis, Jacob, 1759; d. in Revolutionary Army, 

Dec. 24, 1772. Jan., 1776. . 

Zubah, Feb. 3, 1751. Hannah Broughton, July 26, 1762. 

5 Samuel, Jr., s. of Samuel, b. Jan. 18, 1744 ; d. Nov. 9, 1781 ; 
m. Lois Dunham, Sept. 5, 1771 ; she d. Aug. 9, 1806. 
Ch.; Marcy, April 13, 1771; m. Uriah Sarah, April 5, 1778; m. David Chandler 

Ward, Nov. 9, 1789. Ferry, Feb. 11, 1806. 

Daniel, Sept. 18, 1772. Samuel, Feb. 19, 1780. 

Samuel, Nov. 17, 1774 ; d. Feb. 3, 1776. 
Lois, June 19, 1776; m. John Sherman, 

Jr., Nov. 20, 1794. 

6. Zadoc, s. of Samuel, b. May 23, 1756 ; d. Oct. 16, 1841 ; m. 

Calista Danielson, Dec 10, 1778 ; she d. Oct. 9, 1843. 

Ch.: David, Nov. 30, 1779; m. Celia Calista, Feb. 1, 1788; d. Oct. 7, 1872. 

Blashfield, Dec. 23, 1802. Stephen, Dec. 15, 1789. 

Luther, May 6, 1782. Bathsheba, Sept. 13, 1792; d. May 30, 

Sally Stone, Nov. 28, 1783; d. Dec. 8, 1829. 

1804. 
Zadoc, Jr.i June 8, 1785 ; m. Mary Brown, 

March 6, 1812. 

7. Jabez, Jr., s. of Jabez, b. July 25, 1743; d. March 5, 1820; m. 
Sarah Brown, March 12, 1767; she d. Sept. 16, 1828. 

Ch. : Sarah, Jan. 3, 1772 ; m. Humphrey Aseuath, Aug. 23, 1784. 

Gardner, June 9, 1791. Alansan, March 26, 1787. 

Enos, Jan. 8, 1774 ; d. July 31, 1814. Atossa, June 5, 1789. 

Cyrus, Feb. 6, 1776. Persia, Feb. 18, 1792; m. Asa Ewing, 

Jacob, Aug. 27, 1777. Oct. 26, 1815. 

Eunice, Nov. 26, 1779. 
Darius, March 12, 1782; m. Rhoda Fos- 

kett, Dec. 23. 1810. 

8. Daniel, s. of Samuel, Jr , b. Sept. 18, 1772 ; d. Jan. 27, 1859 ; 
m. Marcy Lilley, Dec. 29, 1791 ; she d. Oct 15, 1832 ; m. (2) Mrs. Mary 
Charles, Dec. 8, 1833 ; she d. April 5, 1863. 

Ch. : Daniel Sherman, Sept. 28, 1792. William, March 17, 1795; d. March 5, 

Tirzah, Oct. 14, 1793; m. Nathan Fay, 1856; m. Maria Hicks; shed. Fejb. 9, 
Jan. 9, 1812 ; d. Dec. 29, 1824. 1862. 



440 GENEALOGY. 

Joshua, April 20, 1797; d. June 26, 1848. Mary Louisa, Sept. 27, 1810; m. James 

Reuben Lilloy, April 6, 1799 ; d. Aug. 10, Lawtou, Mar^h 18, 1835 ; d. March 26, 

1864. 1848. 

Marcy, Juno 29, 1801 ; m. Solomon Bond, Lovina, May 5, 1813; m. Har\*ey D. Griggs, 

April 6, 1838 ; d. Oct. 20, 1863. Nov. 27, 1834 ; d. March 26, 1860. 

Hiram, July 21, 1803; d. June 26, 1819. Laura, Aug. 23, 1815; m. L. A. Cntler, 

Lodocia, Oct. 21, 1806 ; m. Albigeuce W. Jan. 28, 1841. 

Griggs, April 4, 1827. Rufus Newton, March 28, 1818 ; d. June 

Anna R. Sept. 14, 1808; d. March 5, 8,1858. 

1809. 

9. Samuel, s. of Samuel, Jr , b. Feb. 19, 1780 ; d. April 16, 1854; 
m. CyDthia Bacon, Oct. 2, 1800 j she d. May 21, 1814 ; m. (2) Abigail 
Pomeroy, Nov. 30, 1815 j she d. April 5, 1850. 

Ch, : Abner, March 3, 1801. Cynthia, March 22, 1809. 

Orlando, Jan. 21, 1802. Martha J., Aug. 24, 1812; d. July 15, 

Caroline, Jan. 22, 1803 ; d. Nov. 16, 1803. 1841. 

Horace, May 16, 1806. Samuel, Jr., March 1814 ; d. July 23, 1814. 

Stephen C, Aug. 27, 1804. 
Adallne, Jan. 22, 1808 ; m. Benjamin 
Prentiss, Jan. 1, 1837. 

10. LuTHEB, s. of Zadoc, b. May 6, 1782 ; m. Clarissa ; their 

son Calvin b. April 29, 1808. 

11. Stephen, s. of Zodac, b. Dec. 15, 1789 ; m. Lucinda Fuller. 
Ch. : Frederick Danielson, Dec. 6, 1816. Sarah SUme, Jan. 12, 1826. 

Eli Fuller, Oct. 11, 1818. Stephen Decatur, April 17, 1828. 

Lucinda T., Jan. 26, 1821. Mary Lyman, March 3, 1830. 

Lucy M., Oct. 27, 1823. 

12. Jacob, s. of Jabez, Jr., b. Aug. 27, 1777 ; m. Lavina Ewing, 
April 11, 1804 ; he d. July 23, 1860 ; she d. Aug. 11, 1859. 

Ch. : Louisa, Jan. 13, 1805 ; m. Kev. Wash- Enos, April 8, 1813 ; d. July 31, 1814. 

ington Mujiger, April 14, 1824. Asher A. March 9, 1815. 

Lovina, April 13, 1806 ; m. Ephraim Fen- Sarah B., July 6, 1817; m. Rev. Ely 

ton, Dec. 27, 1826. (ireen; d. May 28, 1842. 

Eliza, Dec. 24, 1807 ; m. Augustus Cutter; Jeremiah P., Oct. 3, 1819. 

d. Dec. 21, 1829. Cyrus 1)., July 19, 1821. 

William Sullivan, April 13, 1809. Susan, June 18, 1823; d. April 9, 1846. 

l*rudence, Feb. 11, 181 1 ; m. Kev. Samuel George M., April 3, 1826. 

S. Mixter, April 13, 1S36. 

13. Alanson, s. of Jabez, Jr., b. March 26, 1787 ; m. Mary 

Ch.: Erastus Lyman, May 27, 1809; d. Diana, Feb. 12, 1812. 

Sept., 1809. Marianne, April 10, 1814. 

Absalom, Oct. 9, 1810; d. Feb. 6, 1817. Mary Eliza, 1820; d. April 14, 1825. 

14. Horace, s. of Samuel, b. May 16, 1806 ; m. Delight 

Ch.: Lucy Delight, Dec. 14, 1834; d. Oct. Eliza Augusta, Sept. 17, 1840; m. Ed- 

13, 1859. ward H. Hall, Nov. 29, 1860. 

Henry Park, Nov. 8, 1836. Sophia, 1844 ; d. April 18, 1850. 
John Quiney, Oct. 11, 1838. 



GENEALOGY. 441 

15. Cyrus D., s. of Jacob, b. July 19, 1821 ; m. Philura H. Park- 
hurst, Nov. 10, 1842 ; she d. Aug. 6, 1852. 

Ch. : Ellen Sarah, May 26, 1845 ; m. Da- Susan J., May 12, 1849. 

vid W. Putney, l^c. 15, 1865. Harrison Cyrua, May 12. 1852. 

Alvira, July 12, 1847. Frank Lewis, Sept. 6, 1854. 



REV. G. NOYES. 

NO YES, Rev. Oilman, b. at Atkinson, N. H. May 3, 1804, the 

son of James and Hannah Noyes, graduated at Darthmouth College, 

1830 ; studied theology with Rev. Sylvanus Cobb, Boston, and settled 

in Charlestown, 1832 ; Spencer, 1834 ; Southbridge, 1840 ; on Cape 

Cod, 1842. Health failing he ceased to preach, and became a farmer 

in Brimfield, where he died Oct. 18, 1863. He married Eliza H. 

Brown Nov. 19, 1833. 

Ch. : Amelia Maria, Aug. 6, 1835. John Humphrey, June 10, 1846. 

Julia Ellen. March 26, 1838 ; m. Erastus James, Aii^. 27, 1848. 

Coye July 3, 1873. Augusta Hale, Mawh 1, 1851 ; m. Oscar 

Oilman Baxter, Feb. 15, 1841. F. Brown Sept. 6, 1876. 
Emily Crowell, May 23, 1843. 

THE NUTTING FAMILY. 

1. NUTTING, Jonathan, b. Aug. 10, 1735; m. Abigail Banis- 
ter, June 27, 1771 ; d. March 6, 1811 ; she d. Feb. 23, 1835. 

Ch.: Abigail, May 30, 1772; m. Daniel Ebenezer, June 17, 1777. 

Wallace, Feb. 22, 1794; d. May 20, Lucy, May 13, 1781 ; m. Jesse Hamilton 

1839. April 2, 1816 ; d. Jan 25, 1841. 

Susanna. Feb. 19, 1774; m. Joseph Chad- Abner, May 9, 1783. 

wick, March 23, 1817 ; d. June 8, 1855. Asa, Sept. 16, 1785. 
Jonathan; Jr., Oct. 3, 1 775 ; d. Dec. 2, 

1831. 

2. Ebenezkr, s. of Jonathan, b June 17, 1777 ; d. Sept. 17, 1823 ; 
m. Polly Merrick, 1801 ; she d. July 4, 1822. 

Ch. : Merrick, Oct. 23, 1803. Minerva, Jan. 18, 1810; m. Parker Hardy, 

Mary, Aug. 20, 1805 ; m. Samuel Kings- 1835. 

bury, Oct. 25, 1829. Abner, July 10, 1812. 

Harvey, Feb. 4, 1808. Ebenezer, Jr., May 1, 1817. 

Jonathan, Aug. 7, 1819 ; d. July 2, 1822. 

3. Abner, s. of Jonathan, b. May 9, 1783 ; d. Dec. 29, 1810 ; m. 

Matilda Bishop Aug. 6, 1807 ; she d. Nov. 15, 1815. 

Ch.: Elvira W., Jan. 30, 1808; m. Wm. Abbie B., Dec. 7, 1810; m. Dauphin 

P. McDowell; m. (2) Lewis F. Watson. Brown 2d., Sept. 18, 1831. 
Margaret I., Oct. 1, 1809; m. F. S. • 

Rhoades. 

56 



442 GENEALOGr. 

4. Asa, s. of Jonathan, b. Sept. 16, 1785 ; m. Olive Wood April 
25, 1811 ; slie d. Sept. 28, 1820. 

Ch.: Sarah Kee<l, July 26, 1812. Eaudolph, Jan. 2, 1817. 

Lucy Maria, Au;j. 28, 1 81 4. 

5. NUTTING, James, m. Mary Carpenter Jan. 29, 1774 ; 
Ch. : Betsey, March 25, 1775. Gideon. 

Polly. Benjamin. 

James, Jan. 2, 1777. 

6. James, Jr , b. Jan 2, 1777; d. May 22, 1863; m. Lucinda Harran- 

don June 11, 1801; she d. March 28, 1816; m. (2) Rachel M. Ward 

Nov. 14, 1816 ; she d July 8, 1873. 

Ch. : Fatima, June 24, 1802; m. Hiram Lucinda, Oct. 20, 1818 ; d. Sept. 18, 1835. 

Chaml)er]ain March 14, 1825. Camelia, Feb. 7, 1821 ; m. Calvin Shaw 

Sophrona, Feb. 4, 1804 ; m. James Mat- Dec. 31, 1845. 

terson, 1830; d. Aug. 2, 1832. Sarah W., May 15, 1823 ; m. William L. 

Julius, Oct. 2, 1807 ; d. Jan. 16, 1878. Powers, May 1853. 

Dwi^rht, March 16, 1811; d. Sept. 22, James G., Dec. 25, 1826; d. July, 1828. 

1871. James G., April 19, 1830; d. Feb. 8, 1848. 
Calvin W., July 11, 1817. 

THE PAIGE FAMILY. 

PAIGE, Paul W., b. Jan. 10, 1807; d April 14, 1876; m. Mary 
Caroline Tarbell, Sept. 17, 1835; she d. Nov. 18, 1860; m. (2) Catha- 
rine P. Brown, April 28, 1863. 

Ch.: Mary L. Sept. 7, 1836. Charles W., Jan. 14, 1845; d. Sept. 1, 
George W., Sept. 6, 1838; d. in Army 1848. 

July 24, 1862. Delisa T.. Jan. 16, 1853; m. Allen H. 
Ellen W., Jan. 17, 1843 ; m. John Shaw, Warner, Oct. 23, 1878. 

April 30, 1861 ; d. Dec. 8, 1871. 

THE PARKER FAMILY. 

There are two families of the name in town ; one the descend- 
ants of Nathaniel and Hannah Parker of Roxbury, Mass. Maj. 
Nathaniel son of the above settled in Brimfield near the close of the 
war of the Revolution. The other descendants of David Parker who 
came to Brimfield from Willington, Ct., in 1810. 

1. PARKER, Nathaniel, b. 1712; d. Jan. 15, 1774; m. Han- 
nah Chamberlain, Jan. 1, 1756; she d May, 1814. 

Ch. : Sarah, Dec. 21, 1758. Nathan, Aug. 30, 1768. 

Nathaniel, Nov. 28, 1760. Hannah, Nov. 25, 1770. 

William, Aug. 17, 1763; m. Hannah Caty, June 1, 1773; m. Theodore Field, 

Weld, June 9, 1793. Feb. 24, 1793. 

Fcnuol, April 17, 1765. 

2. Major Nathaniel, Jr , b. Nov. 28, 1760; d. Aug. 11, 1820; 
m. Rebecca Dudley, June 1, 1788 ; she d. Sept. 10, 1834. 



GENEALOGY. 443 

Ch. : Nathaniel, 3d., March 3, 1789. WiUiam, Jan. 28, 1798. 

Thomas, May 27, 1791 ; m. Sarah Seaver, George Washington, April 7, 1800; d. 

July 27, 1820. July 20, 1801. 

Penuel, Aug. 17, 1793. Hannah, Feb. 25, 1804; m. Ebenezer 

Joseph Warren, Dec. 17, 1795 ; m. Nancy |j olden, Oct. 16, 1823. 

Wales. 

3. Nathaniel, Jr., s. of Maj. Nathaniel, b. March 3, 1789; d. 
May 19, 184S ; in. Lydia B. Brown, Oct. 22, 1818 ; she d. Oct. 28, 1872. 

Ch.: George Tyler, July 17, 1819. David Brown, Dec. 23, 1830; d. July 5, 

Nathaniel Watson, and Rebecca Watson, 1873. 

(twins,) Feb. 18, 1821 ; Rebecca W., d. Hannah Frances, Feb. 6, 1833; m. Wil- 

June 13, 1821. liam Bliss, Nov. 30, 1854. 

Bebecca Dudley, Jan. 2, 1823; m. Chas. John Dudley, Nov. 24, 1834; d. March 

Stoddard, Feb. 14, 1849. 27, 1839. 

Mary Brown, May 3, 1825 ; m. Jonathan Delia Ann, Oct. 16, 1837 ; m. George M. 

Shaw, Dec. 16, 1852. Hitchcock, Nov. 19, 1862. 

Warren Reed, Jan. 23, 1827. Charlotte Elizabeth, Oct. 17, 1840. 
Lydia Bethia, Dec. 5, 1 828 ; m. John G. 

Tarbell, Oct. 28, 1850; d. January 18, 

1879. 

4. Penuel, 8. of Nathaniel, b. Aug. 17, 1793; d Aug. 21, 1876; 
m. Sophia L. Browning; she d. Jan. 5, 1856; m. (2) Mrs. Emeline 
Billings, March 29, 1860. 

Ch. : William P., Oct. 21, 1823 ; m. Lucy Joseph B., Oct. 1, 1833. 

Ellen Rhoades, Sept. 26, 1860; d. May Sophia R., Oct. 14, 1835 ; d. Sept. 7, 1859. 

15, 1865. Hannah llolden, Sept., 12, 1837 ; d. Sept. 
Elizabeth T., Oct. 24, 1825; m. Charles 14,1854. 

Spear, June 22, 1855 ; d. Oct. 28, 1855. Edward E., June 11, 1839 ; d. in Army,* 
Porter A., Oct. 12, 1827 ; m. Angie June 6, 1862. 

McGregory, Nov. 22, 1877. Penuel II., Sept. 10, 1840; d. Nov. 7, 
Julia M., Sept. 27, 1829 ; d. Feb. 23, 1853. 1842. 

Thomas D., Oct. 12, 1831 ; d. July 4, 1862. James P., Oct. 7, 1845 , d. Feb. 23, 1865. 

*He was a private in Co. C. 2l8t !Mass., Vols., and died of wounds received in the battle of 
Camden, N. C, April 19, 1862. 

1. PARKER, David, m. Hannah Curtis. 

Ch. : Luther, Feb. 16, 1800. Sumner, Oct. 30, 1815. 

Nehemiah, Oct. 12, 1802. Silas, Jan. 10, 1818. 

Orre, Oct. 12,1804. Harriet, April 1, 1820; m. Daniel G. 

Orsen, Feb. 16, 1807 ; d. Green, Dec 5, 1839 ; d. July 25, 1840. 

Orsen, Jan. 22, 1809. Philo, March 27, 1822. 
David, Jr., Dec. 25, 1810. 
Hannah, May 3, 1813. 

2. Luther, s. of David, b. Feb. 16, 1800; d. Sept. 1, 1874; m. 
Mary Eliza Gardner, May 12, 1825. 

Ch. : James F., March 18, 1826. Clementina G., Feb. 9, 1829 ; d. Jan. 24, 

Orre, Oct. 26, 1827. 1851. 



444 GENEALOGY. 

Orson, Jan. 21, 1831. Annie M., April 3, 1839; m. Samuel L 

Wililam G., July 27, 1833. Coye. 

Benjamin M., April 1, 1835. Mary E., Feb. 25, 1841. 

Mary E., May 2, 1837 ; d. Jan. 27, 1840. Austin L., Oct. 25, 1843. 

3. Nehemiah, 8. of David, b. Oct. 12, 1802; m. Phebe Ljon 

March 10, 1825. 

Ch. : Sophronia Dec. 29, 1825 ; m. Henry Amos P., May 19, 1840 ; d. Oct. 25, 1866. 

Lyon Nov. 9, 1847. Rnfus A., Sept. 21, 1842 fd. at Gettys 

Henry N., June 10, 1828; m Harriet burg of won mis July 20. 1 863. 

Kinp^Oct. 29, 1849;d. April 25. 1864. Sopbia, J., Nov. 1, 1845; m. John T 
Harriet, Feb. 24, 1831; m. Charles Coy May 28, 1862. 

Thompson Oct. 25, 1849. Charles T., Jan. 26, 1849 ; d. about 1870 

George S., Aug. 27. 1833. Horatio L., July 2, 1852. 

Anson B., Nov. 24, 1835. 
Abbie M., March 17, 1838; m. Leonard 

Charles May 15, 1856. 

4. Orre, s. of David, b. Oct. 12, 1804 ; m. Abigail M. Andrews, 
March 29, 1831. 

Ch. : David F., AprU 10, 1833. Lucy, April 7, 1839; d. Sept. 10, 1839. 

5. Orson, Dr., s. of David, Jan. 22, 1809 ; d. Dec 23, 1838 ; m. 
Ann Wilson. 

Ch.: Juliette, Aug. 1835; d. Jan. 25, Juliette K., ; m. Horace M. Gardner, 

1837. April 8, 1858. 

6. David, Jr., s. of David, b. Dec. 25, 1810; m. Lucynthia Par- 
sons April 20, 1835. 

Ch. : Wilson D., Oct. 19, 1836 ; d. March Lyman P., Sept. 1, 1843 ; d. at Newborn, 

24, 1842. N. C, March. 24, 1863. 

Chariotte B., Oct. 14, 1S39 ; m. William Wilbur G., May 8, 1849. 
ii. Holdridge Nov. 3, 1859. 

7. Sumner, s. of David, b. Oct. 15, 1815; m. Melina Parsons 
Nov. 30. 1837; shed. Jan. 16, 1875; m (2) Mrs. Lovisa H. Parker 
Dec. 30, 1875. 

Ch. : Olive B., Oct. 24, 1838 ; d. Jan 23, Onw Edward,, June 10, 1846. 

1840. Olivia M., Oct. 19, 1849; m. Francia E. 
Orville S., July 12, 1841. Kinney Dec. 29, 1869. 

(War B., Nov. 25, 1844 ; d. June 1, 1865. Orlo F., Jan. 5, 1853 ; d. April 8, 1857. 

8. Silas, s. of David, b. Jan. 10, 1818 ; m. Annis Nelson Dec. 4, 
1839 ; she d. July 25, 1857 ; m. (2) Mary Greeley Dec. 13, 1865 ; she 
d. Sept. 1, 1870 ; in. (3) Mrs. Euiily Church Feb. 1, 1872. 

Ch. : Lucv Ann. Jan. 27, 1841. 

9. Pliilo, s of David, b. March 27, 1822; d. Kov. 26, 1863; m. 
Lovisa II. Thayer, Oct. 5, 1847. 

Ch.: Walter Eugene, Jan. 16, 1850; d. Fred Turner, Nov. 17, 1856. 
Oct. 8, 1851. 



GENEALOGY. 445 

10. James F., s. of Luther, b. March 18, 1826; m. Lucy S. 
Andrews Nov. 26, 1849 ; their son Frank Edgar b. March 8, 1851. 

11. George S., s. of Nehemiah b. Aug. 27, 1833 ; m. Martha B. 
Charles March 27, 1855. 

Ch. : Everett, 1860; d. 1861. Everett, July 24, 1867. 

Clara, Jan. 25, 1863. Ella, Feb. 11, 1872. 

Rofas, March 14, 1865. 

12. Anson B., s. of Nehemiah, b. Nov. 24, 1835 ; d. Dec. 17, 1875 ; 
m. Mary E Allen May 18, 1864. 

Ch. : Gertrude, Aug. 31, 1866. Frank E., Jan 30, 1868 ; d. aged 9. 

13. Horatio L., s. of Nehemiah, b. July 2, 1851 ; m. Ada Greene 
May 3, 1871. 

Ch. : Elenor P., Feb. 14, 1872. Gracia, July 80. 1876. 

Charles A., N'ov. 5, 1874. 

14. David F., s. of Orre, b. April 10, 1833 ; m. Mary L. Shaw 
Oct. 26, 1858. 

Ch. : Abbie L., June 7, 1860. Fordis C, Jan. 3, 1868. 

Hattie L., Aug 25, 1862. 

15. Wilbur G., s. of David, Jr., b. May 8, 1849 ; m. Julia A, 
Lamb May 28, 1872 ; she d. Oct. 2, 1877; their son Erving Blake b. 
March 10, 1877 ; d. Oct. 14, 1877. 

16. Orville S., 8. of Sumner, b. July 12, 1841; m. Melissa M. 
^^Davis) March Jan. 9, 1873 ; their daughter Melina Elizabeth b. Nov. 
8, 1875. 

17. Orus E. s. of Sumner, b. June 10, 1846 ; m. Eva A. Ward Feb. 
11, 1873. 

Ch. : Herbert Sumner, Sept. 28, 1874. Mabel Augusta, March 18, 1878. 

Louis War<l, June 13, 1876. 

THE PERRY FAMILY. 

1. PERRY Ezra 3d., b. 1788; d. June 30, 1848 ; m. Vashti Peck 
April 12, 1810 ; she d. June 14, 1827 ; m. (2) Mrs. Catherine P. Brown 
Oct. 1, 1829 ; she d. April 6, 1861. 

Ch. : Ezra Otis, Dec. 22, 1810 ; d. March Betsy Bliss, May 31, 1818 ; m. Francis H. 

22, 1814. Carpenter Nov. 20, 1840. 

William H., Jan. 13, 1814. Ezra, Jr., Aug. 30, 1820 ;d. Dec. 21, 1851. 

Kancy Childa, Dec. 10, 1816; m. Samuel 

D. Merrick Nov. 20, 1841. 

2. William H., s. of Ezra 3d., b. Jan. 13, 1814 ; d. Jan. 11, 1849 ; 
. m. Lafira B. Bond March, 1839. 

Ch. : Julia E., Feb. 22, 1840 ; William II., Jr., July 18, 1842. 

3. William H., Jr., s. of William H., b. July 18, 1842; m. La- 
vina H. Brunt Feb. 17, 1865. 



446 

Ch.: Ezra W., March 29, 1865. 
Clara Lafira, April 14, 1868. 
Julia E., May 10, 1872. 



GENEALOGY. 



Andrew E., Nov. 28, 1876; d. Nov. 30, 

1876. 
Arthur Brunt, Dec. 29, 1877. 



THE PIERCE FAMILY. 

1. EMORY'', s. of Abijah and Rachel Pierce, b. July 4, 1796 ; moved 

from Ware, Mass , to Brimfield in 1839, having purchased the Eaton 

or Center mills which he carried on for several years, when he moved 

to Southbridge, Mass., where he died Nov. 13, 1848 ; he married Eliza 

Blodgett ; she died at Brimfield, Sept. 26, 1876. 

Ch. : Alfred Emerson, Sept. 3, 1819. George Austin, April 30, 1830. 

2. Alfred E., s. of Emory, b. Sept. 3, 1819; d. Feb. 10, 1875; 
m. Margaret Dunn, June 25, 1839. 

Ch. : William Henry, Sept. 8, 1840. Mary Eliza, May 8, 1848 ; m. Andrew M. 

Charles B., Jan. 31, 1842, supposed to Dunsmore, May 15, 1867. 
have l)een killed at the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg, Va., Dec. 1862. 

3. George A., s. of Emory, b. April 30, 1830; d. Sept. 1863; m. 
Clarissa E. Brown, Aug. 29, 1853. 

Ch. : Augustus W., June 4, 1 854. 

EDWARD W. POTTER. 

1. EDWARD W., s. of Capt. Waterman and Clarissa Potter, b. 
at Southbridge, Mass., April 25, 1823; came to Brimfield, Nov 1842; 
served an a[)prenticeship to Nathan F. Robinson, blacksmith, of whom, 
in Sei)t. 1852, he bouglit his shop and tools, and has since continued 
the business ; m. Malora Walker, Sept. 19, 1847, 
Ch. : Clarissa lUizabeth, Aug. 2, 1848; George Edward, April 11, 1860; d. April 

m. Charles D. Griggs, June 18, 1878. 28, 1861. 

William Henry, April 12, 1850. 

THE POWERS FAMILY. 

The Powers family are descended from Walter, the emigrant, and 
his wife Thankslord Shepard, Isaac, the son of Phineas and Martha, 
who removed from Hardwick to Brimfield about 1761, being of the 
fourth generation. 

1. POWERS, Isaac, b. 1740; m. Sarah Clark, 1765. 

Ch.: Anna, May 19, 1766; m. Ebeuezer Eli, Dec. 15, 1774: 

Coxe ; ni. (2) John Putnam. Cliloe, June 6, 1777 ; m. Gardner Powers. 

Steplien Clark, March 7, 1771. 

2. Stepuex C, 8. of Isaac, b. March 7, 1771; d. June 5, 1835; 
m. Susannah Bugbee, March 24, 1791; she d. Jan. 10, 1816; m. (2) 
Mary J. Lane, June 19, 1823; she d. Feb. 24, 1866. 



GENEALOGY. 447 

Ch.: Lucinda, June 25, 1792; m. James Susan, Jan. 14, 1815; m. Horatio Coles, 

McClentic, March, 1818. May 21, 1841 ; m. (2) Charles Hayward, 

Morris, Aug. 31, 1794; m. Nancy Cham- April 17, 1875. 

berlain, April 11, 1821. Norman Stephen, March 25, 1825. 

Mary Munroe, March 19, 1803; d. Feb. H. Maria, Oct. 2, 1828; m. Dr. Lyman 

18, 1830. F. Griggs, Sept. 7, 1846; m. (2) Erastus 

Hiram Clark, June 17, 1805; m. Rispah Spaulding, Aug. 25, 1870. 

Chamberlain, 1836. Nathan M., Nov. 2, 1830 ; m. Ellen Miller. 

Eli, Feb. 22, 1807 ; m. Mary Ann C. Simp- Mary J., July 18, 1833 ; m. Rev. Andrew 

son, April 4, 1827. Baylies, Oct. 7, 1857. 
Sarah Ann, Jan. 1, 1811. 

3. Norman, S., s. of Stephen C, b. March 25, 1825; m. Lovisa Reed, 
:May 28, 1855. 

Ch. : Stephen Edward, Aug. 10, 1858. Mary Jane, Jan. 29, 1864. 

George Waldo, Feb. 21, 1860. Nathan Howard, Jan. 19, 1868. 

THE PROUTY FAMILY. 

1. PROUTY, Nathan, came from Spencer to Brimfield; m. Lucy 
Sherman, Feb. 1822 ; d. March 26, 1872. 

Ch. : Catherine C, May 18, 1828 ; ra. Lau- Clarissa Jane, Aug. 28, 1832 ; m. Jerome 

reus Upham, June 22, 1847. Hamilton, Sept. 6, 1858. 

Albert S., Aug. 19, 1830. 

2. Albert S , s. of Nathan, b. Aug. 19, 1830 ; m. Harriet Rich- 
ardson, Dec. 28, 1854 

Ch. : Charles A., April 8. 1857. Edward N., April 29, 1868. 

Mabel S., March 26, 1863. 

3 PROUTY, John, b. at Spencer, March 10, 1800; d. Sept. 11, 
18Q5 ; m Sarah D. Dearth, Feb. 5, 1834 ; she d. Jan. 10, 1870. 
Ch.: Helen A. and Henry A., (twins), Marietta, Dec. 3, 1838; m. Andrew J. 

Feb. 7, 1835 ; Helen m. Moody E. Shat- Griggs, May 25, 1867. 

tuck, Jan. 12, 1858; Henry, d. Aug. Abbie J., Feb. 8, 1843; m. Bradley G. 

1835. Goodwill, Oct. 29, 1869. 

John M., Feb. 5, 1846; d. April 14, 1851. 

GEORGE PUFFER. 

PUFFER, George, s. of Job, b. at Med way, 1791 ; m. Sally Ferry, 
1811 ; she d. 1814 ; m. (2) Sarah Gardner, 1817 ; she d. Sept. 6, 1830 ; 
m. (3) Mrs. Lucinda Edson ; she d. at Monson, Sept. 1877. Mr. Puf- 
fer for many years ran a clothing mill in the west part of the town, 
where the disused building is still standing. 

Ch.: Sarah F., 1814; m. Asa Foskit, Aug. Mary B., 1826; m. D. W. Ellis, March, 

20, 1832; d. 1842. 27, 1849. 

George Metcalf , 1818. Abigail, 1 830 ; m. Henry Bodartha, March 

Milton Gardner, 1819. 25, 1851. 

Betsev Ann, 1822; m. B. F. Hoag; d. 
185*9. 



448 GENEALOGY. 



THE ROBINSON FAMILY. 

1. NATHAN Robinson, b 1760, d. Feb. 11, 1824 ; came from • 

AttleJboro, Mass., to Wales in 1800 ; from there to Brimfield in 1810; 

he m. Lois Bryant ; she d. Jan. 6, 1824. 

Ch. : Lewis, 1794 ; d. Feb. 2, 1824. Juliette, Oct. 12, 1804 ; m. Peter DocQij; 

Paul B., 1797 ; d. Feb. 2, 1812. Dec. 30, 1832. 

Louisa Angenctte, Oct. 1799 ; d. Jan. 23, Nathan Fisher, July 9, 1807. 

1824. Marv C, Feb. 22, 1809 ; m. Dea. A. HaD 

Betsey W., June 8, 1803 ; m. Washburn (2) Leonard Rice. 

Lumbard, Dec. 4, 1830. 

2. Nathan F., s. of Nathan, b. July 9, 1807; m. Fidelia C. 
Moulton, Nov. 19, 1833. 

Ch. : Lewis Wilson, April 12, 1835 ; d. Ellen M., June 10, 1842 ; m. William H. 

April 28, 1835. II. Stewart, June 2, 1864 ; m. (2) 

Henry Wilson. March 18, 1836. Albert W. Pierson, Jan. 8, 1871. 
Laroy, Oct. 18, 1838 ; d. July 4, 1839. 

3. Henby W., 8. of Nathan F., b. March 18, 1836 ; soldier in 
27th Regt. of Mass. Vols ; d. at Newburne, N. C, April 25, 1863; 
m. Sarah J. Hatch, Nov. 16, 1858. 

Ch. : Charles W., Dec. 27, 1861. 



THE RUSSELL FAMILY. 

1. RUSSELL, Adonijah, m. Mary B«m«^, July 13, 1732; he d. 

July 21, 1775 ; she d. Oct 20, 1782. 

Ch.: Mary, Oct. 27, 1732; m. Benjamin Daniel, July 28, 1743. 

Munn, Jr., Nov. 12, 1783. l^riscilla, April 2, 1746. 

Adonijah, Jr., Sept. 14, 1734. Solomon, Oct. 3, 1748; m. Anna Nichols, 

Abigail, Nov. 25, 1736; m. Joseph Pati- Jan. 24, 1771. 

son, April 7, 1757. Phebe, Juno 8, 1752; m. John Charles, 

Rebecca, Dec. 23, 1738 ; m. John Thomp- Jr., Oct. 12, 1769. 

sou, Jan. 25, 1759. Joseph. 
Ruth, April 16, 1741 ; m. Joseph Brooks, 

March 20, 1760. . 

2. Adonijah, Jr., s. of Adonijah, b. Sept. 14, 1734; d. May 15, 
1778 ; m. Abigail Bond, Feb. 21, 1765. 

Ch. : Fidel, Dec. 5, 1 765 ; d. July 21, 1766. Dorcas, March 18, 1774 ; m, Edward Web- 
Mary, May 19, 1767 ; m. Solomon Bond, ber, Feb. 6, 1794. 

April 9, 1789. Rebecca, Sept. 24, 1776. 

Titus, June 5, 1769. Adonijah, Jan. 2, 1779. 
Joel, Oct. 20, 1771. 

3. Daniel, s. of Adonijah, b. July ^, 1743 ; m. Mary Cooley, 
Feb. 6, 1776. 



GBNEALOOT. 449 

Ch.: Bettej, Aug. 17, 1766; m. Daniel Daniel, Jr., June 14, 1773; nv Miriam 

Blodgett, March 24, 1792. Dow, Nov. 2, 1795. 

Reuben, July 20, 1768. Cjrus, May 28, 1775. 

Mercy, Oct. 23, 1770; m. Warren Gilbert, Abner, Jan. 9, 1777. 
Sept. 8, 1791. 

4. Joseph, s. of Adonijah, m. Peggy Browning, April 27, 1785. 

Ch.'. 8eth, Dec. 14, 1785; d. Feb. 26, Lois, Not. 4, 1787. 
1788. 

5. Titus, s. of Adonijah, Jr., b. June 5, 1769 ; d. May 17, 1826 ; 
m. Lucy Mighell, Oct. 23, 1793 ; she d. July 23, 1826. 

CA. : Betsey, April 9, 1794; m. Harvey Aaron Mighell, Aug. 10, 1796; d. Aug. 7 
Bussell; d. Sept. 1, 1863. 1824; m. Persis Haynes, May, 1822 

she d. Sept. 16, 1834. 
Lucy, Dec. 1, 1797; d. June 3, 1799. 

THE SESSIONS FAMILY. 

1. SESSIONS, Alexander, b. Oct. 4, 1713 ; came to Brimfield 

from Pomf ret, Ct. ; d. April 1, 1787 ; m. Huldab ; see d Jan. 1, 

1792 ; their son, Alexander, Jr , b. Dec. 26, 1751. 

2. Col. Alexander, Jr , s. of Alexander, b. Dec. 26, 1751; d. 
Nov. 9, 1823 ; m. Sarah Grosvenor ; she d. May 4, 1829. 

Ch. : Sally, May 30, 1776. Otis, Dec. 2, 1782. 

Harvey, Sept. 14, 1778. Joseph, Jan. 30, 1785 ; d. March 10, 1810. 

Chester, Nov. 27, 1780. Lucy, April 5, 1787. 

3. Otis, s. of Col. Alexander, b. Dec. 2, 1782 ; d. March 26, 1861 ; 
m. Lucy Bliss; (int.) April 23, 1830 ; she d. Oct. 5, 1874. 

Ch. : Sarah E., 1833; m. Isaac C. Tyler, Jairus, March 26, 1836 ; e^ted 2d Reg., 

April 28, 1859. Co. I, Mass. Heavy Artillery; d. at 

Mary E., Dec. 25, 1837; m. Edward P. Newbem, N. C, Mfuch 10, 1865. 
Halbeit, Jan. 30, 1867. 

THE SHAW FAMILY^ 

Among the original proprietors of Brimfield were four persons of 
this name, evidently members of the same family, but whose precise 
relationship the records do not enable us to give — David, Samuel, 
Joshua and Seth. All were active in the measures pertaining to the 
settlement of the town, and the name appears frequently in its subse- 
quent history. 

1. SHAW, Joshua, b. 1687 ; d. March 2, 1776 ; m. Ann . 

Ch. : Ann, Aug. 30, 1726. Samuel, Biay 1, 1738. 

Joshua, Jan. 1, 1729. Mary, May 11, 1745; m. John Tufts, Jr., 

Esther, March 30, 1732. April 16, 1772. 

Catherine, April 20, 1734; m. George 
Shaw, Dec. 29, 1757. 

57 



450 GENEALOGY. 

2. ScTH, m. Jane Erwin, June 17, 1731. 

Ch. : George, July 20, 1732. Sarah, July 27, 1736. 

Mary, Aug. 1, 1734. 

3. Samuel, b. 1704; m. (2) Abigail Smith. Oct. 6, 1757; d. April 
11, 1776. Samuel, Jr., was the son of a previous marriage. 

4. Samuel, Jr., s. of Samuel; m. Susanna ; ro. (2) Sarah 

; she d. Nov. 4, 1817. 

Ch.: Huldah, June 16, 1770; m. Samuel Samuel, Not. 17, 1791. 

Converse, July 8, 1790. Lyman, Oct. 15, 1793. 

Candace, Oct. 23, 1772. Alfred, July 16, 1796. 

Abigail, May 12, 1788; m. David B. Alma, Feb. 8, 1800. 

Smith, March 27, 1809. King, Aug. 23, 1807. 

5. George, s. of Seth, b. July 20, 1732 ; d. April 4, 1819 ; m. 

Catherine Shaw, Dec. 29. 1757. 

Ch.: Ann, June 26, 1760; m. Thomas Daniel, March 16, 1766. 

Lumbard, Jr., July 7, 1791. Jane, May 8, 1768; m. Reuben Under- 

John, June 7, 1762 ; m. Mary King, April wood. May 7, 1795. 

28, 1791. Mary, Dec. 3, 1771. 
Eunice, May 13, 1764. 

6. Daniel, s. of George, b. March 16, 1766; d. April 12, 1841; 
ra. Eunice Brown, June 13, 1793 ; she d. Sept. 6, 1851. 

Ch. : Joshua, April 9, 1795. Daniel, Jr., Jan. 26, 1803. 

Mary, May 8, 1797; m. Joel Rogers, George, Aug. 9, 1806. 

March 31, 1822 ; d. Juno 7, 1871. Olivet, Aug. 30, 1808; m. Cheney Rogers, 

Darius, March 11, 1799. April 7, 1834. 
Catherine, Feb. 4, 1801 ; m. Asa Fiske, 

April 25, 1819. 

7. Joshua, s of Daniel, b. April 9, 1795; d. March 17; 1867; m. 
Abigail Green, Dec. 1821; she d. Sept. 18, 1867. 

Ch.: Asenath C, April 16, 1831 ; d. Oct. Eliza A., Feb. 9, 1835 ; d. Sept. 10, 1851. 
8, 1833. 

8. Capt. Darius, s. of Daniel, b. March 11, 1799; m. Emeline 
Johnson, June 8. 1825 ; she d. May 30, 1873. 

Ch. : Ursula J., May 8, 1826. William H., Feb. 13, 1840. 

Ann Eliza, Aug. 9, 1827 ; d. July 11, 1833. Ellen P., Feb. 27, 1841 ; d. June 17, 1878. 

James Butler, Dec. 29, 1829 ; d. Oct. 11, Emily A., Aug. 18, 1843 ; d. June 5, 1869. 

1830. Isabel S., Jan. 23, 1846 ; d. Nov. 4, 1846. 

9. Daniel, Jr., s. of Daniel, b. Jan. 26, 1803 ; m. Boxy Greeni 
June 8, 1825. 

Ch. : Josephine A., June 3, 1827. Sarah A., Sept. 29, 1831. 

Gardner B., Nov. 5, 1829. Martha A., July 4, 1834 ; d. Dec, 1834. 

10. George, s. of Daniel, b. Aug. 9, 1806; m. Caroline Green, 
May, 1834; d. July 5, 1840; she d. March 8, 1841. 

Ch.: Francis W., March 8, 1835; d. John, Sept. 16, 1836. 
March 22, 1835. 



GBNBALOOT. 451 

11. John, s. of George, b. Sept. 16, 1836; d. June 25, 1866; 
m. Ellen W. Paige, April 30, 1861; she d. Dec. 8, 1871; their 
daughter, Caroline M. Shaw, b. March 26, 1862. 

THE SHERMAN FAMILY. 

The Shermans of Brimfield trace their ancestry from Eev. John 
Sherman, who came from England t6 Watertown in 1634. He was 
a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge, which bestowed upon him 
the degrees of A. B. at 16 years of age, and A. M. at 20. At Water- 
town, at the age of 21, he preached a Thanksgiving sermon before 
many other divines, Mather says, who wondered exceedingly at the 
ability he displayed : Itemoving to the New Haven colony he was 
chosen one of its magistrates, but returned again to Watertown. He 
was struck with delirium and fever while preaching for his son at Sud- 
bury, 1685, *and died aged 72. His grandson, John Sherman, son of 
Rev. James, removed to Springfield by invitation of the town to be- 
come grammar school teacher, but resigned that position and became 
a physician. He was especially active in the early history of Brim- 
field, bringing to the town his family of seven sons and a daughter, 
the eldest son, Bezaleel, being with himself a proprietor at the origi- 
nal distribution of lands. The abilities of the ex-schoolmaster seem 
to have been utilized in the new town, as '* Capt. " John Sherman was 
for a long time " Proprietor's Clerk," and the town clerk of Brimfield 
from 1732 to 1761. 

1. SHERMAN, Capt. John, b. (prob.) 1683; d. Nov. 28, 1774; 
m. Abigail Stone ; she d. March 9, 1772. 

Ch. : Bezaleel, March 31, 1703. Mary, July 24, 1713 ; m. Adonijah Ros- 

Beriah, Sept. 15, 1705. sell, July 13, 1732. 

John, Jr., Dec. 3, 1708; d. Aug. 20, 1735. James, Aug. 12, 1716. 
Daniel, June 28, 1711 ; d. Jan. 9, 1741. Phmeas, Not. 10, 1719. 

Thomas, Sept. 6, 1722. 

2. Bezaleel, s. of Capt. John, b. March 31, 1703; m. Abigail 

Graves, Feb. 4, 1732. 

Ch,: Abigail, Nov. 29, 1732; m. Joseph John, June 12, 1738. 
Thompson, Feb. 19, 1754. Eunice, Oct. 6, 1744; m. Samuel Bates, 

Sept. 30, 1762. 

3. BEBLA.H, s. of Capt. John, b. Sept. 15, 1705 ; d. April 1, 1792 ; 
m. Mary ; she d. July 23, 1786. 

Ch. : Thomas, Aug. 10, 1745. Timothy, April 30, 1756. 

Beriah, Jr., Oct. 7,1747. Pelatiah, Nov. 27, 1761; d. March 11, 

Jeremiah, June 12, 1751. 1777. 

Sarah, Oct. 22, 1753; d. Sept. 19, 1757. 



452 GENEALOGY. 

4. James, s. of Capt. John, b. Aug. 12, 1716 ; m. Mrs. Mary Steb- 
bins, July 18, 1749. , 

Ch. : James, Jr., Sept. 8, 1750. Mary, Nov. 9, 1762. 

Levi, May 27, 1752. Elijah, Nov. 4, 1766. 

Asa, March 16, 1755 ; d. Oct. 7, 1757. 

5. Phineas, s. of Capt. John, b. Kov. 10, 1719; m. Elizabeth 

Morgan, Dec. 12, 1738; she d. Aug. 2, 1772. 

Ch. : Elixabeth, Feb. 23, 1739 ; m. Benja- Marcy, Nov. 16, 1745. 

min Ncllson, April 27, 1761. Rachel, Jan. 10, 1748; m. Reuben lillie, 

Daniel, Nov. 16, 1741 ; d. July 2, 1768. Jr., Dec. 3, 1767. 

Mary, Dec. 12, 1743; m. Aaron Mighell, Lemuel, Sept. 14, 1750. 

June 21, 1764. 

6. Thomas, s. of Capt. John, b. Sept. 6, 1722; d. Kov. 22, 1803; 
m. Anna Blodgett, Sept. 12, 1751 ; she died Dec. 10, 1808. 

Ch.: Abigail, Jan. 11, 1752; m. Aaron Joseph, March 16, 1759. 

Morgan, Nov. 26, 1772. Abel, Oct. 9, 1761. 

Samuel, March 14, 1754. Sarah, March 28, 1765; m! William Car- 
Luce, Sept. 30, 1756 ; m. Dr. Daniel Ellin- penter, Jan. ^, 1783. 

wood, June 1, 1775. Thomas, Jr., Dec. 28, 1766. 

7. Capt. John, s. of Bezaleel, b. June 12, 1738 ; d. April 29, 1825 ; 
m. Lucy Hoar, Nov. 23, 1758 ; m. (2) Eunice Ward, July 16, 1797 ; she 
d. Feb 28, 1821. 

Ch. : Bezaleel, Sept. 15, 1759. John, Jr., 1767. 

Noah, Feb. 24, 1761 ; m. Lovisa Hubbard, Abigail, Aug. 3, 1769 ; m. Willard Grosve- 

Nov. 31. 1782. nor, Feb. 12, 1789. 

Ruel, May, 1763. Aaron, Jan. 26, 1774. 
Benjamin, June 12, 1765. 

8. Thomas, s. of Beriah, b. Aug. 10, 1745; d. Kov. 22, 1803; m. 

Zeruiah Lumbard, March 7, 1771. 

Ch.: Daniel, Aug. 10, 1771; m. Sally Mary, Sept. 23, 1772. 
Dimmick, Jan. 21, 1791. Thomas Burch, Dec. 23, 1774. 

9. Jeremiah, s. of Beriah, b. June 12, 1751 ; m. Eunice Lumbard, 
Nov. 28, 1782. 

Ch.: Polly, Sept. 4, 1783. Eunice, Sept. 8, 1793. 

Elizabeth, June 12, 1785. Nancy, July 15, 1795. 

Pruda, Nov. 28, 1789. 

10. Timothy, s. of Beriah, b. April 30, 1756 ; m. Sarah • 

Ch. : Miriam, Jan. 30, 1783. Moses, Oct. 27, 1784. 

11. Levi, s. of James, b. May 27, 1752 ; m. Mary Blodgett, July 
13, 1775. 

Ch. : Joshua, Oct. 18, 1776. Solomon, May 25, 1779. 

12. Lemuel, s. of Phineas, b. Sept. 14, 1750; m. Eose Blashfield, 
June 18, 1773. 



GENEALOGY. 453 

OA. : PhineaB, Nor. 23, 1773 ; d. Sept. 25, Tersis, Jan. 26, 1776. 
1 775. Jacob, April 24, 1 779. 

Elizabeth, Oct. 9, 1775; d. Oct. 16, 1775. Lucy, July 1, 1781. 

13. Samuel, s. of Thomas, b. March 14, 1754 ; d. May 30, 1800 ; 
m. Betsey Hitchcock, Sept. 18, 1778 ; she d. May 19, 1802. 

Ch. : Caleb, Nov. 19, 1779. I*eggy, May 30, 1784. 

£li, I>ec. 4, 1781. Tirzah, Sept. 19, 1786 ; d. Aug. 27, 1792. 

14. Joseph, s. of Thomas, b. March 16, 1759 ; m. Elizabeth Blodg- 

ett, Dec. 18, 1782. 

Ch. : Sarah, May 9, 1783. Joeeph, Jr., April 18, 1787. 

Abner, Feb. 7, 1785 ; d. March 26, 1785. WiUis, Jan., (1789 1). 
I^Qcy, July 17, 1786. 

15. Capt. Thomas, s. of Thomas, b. Dec. 28, 1766; d. Jan. 14, 
1844 ; m. Sarah Townsley, July 9, 1789 ; she d. June 13, 1811 ; m. 
(2) Marcy Morgan, May 4, 1815; she d. Nov. 12, 1857. 

Ch. : HarriB, Feb. 22, 1790. Orson, May 20, 1801. 

William, March 17, 1793. Enoch, March 19, 1816. 

John, June 16, 1796. 

16. Bezalebl, s. of John, b. Sept. 15, 1759 ; d. Aug. 3, 1845 ; m. 
Catharine, 1796 ; she d. May 26, 1827 ; their daughter Lucy, b. Aug. 
30, 1798 ; m. Nathan Prouty, Feb., 1822. 

17. Benjamin, s. of John, b. June 12, 1766 ; d. May 16, 1846 ; 
m. Candace Brown. Nov. 29, 1792 ; she d. Nov. 6, 1831. 

Ch.: Bathsheba, Aug. U, 1794; m. John William B., Feb. 26, 1810; d. July 20, 

Stedman, March 26, 1812. 1820. 

Benjamin, Jr., Nov. 12, 1797. 

18. John, Jr., s. of John, b. 1767 ; d. Dec. 26, 1827 ; m. Lois Nich- 
ols, Nov. 20, 1794; she d. Oct. 8, 1867. 

Ch.: Lucy, Feb. 16, 1797; m. Seth Dun- James, April 27, 1806; d. Aug. 6, 1846. 

ham, April 12, 1826. Bezaleel, Aug. 18, 1808. 

John, July 1, 1798. Asa, Dec. 8, 1811. 

Lois, Feb. 22, 1800; d. Not. 13, 1867. Eunice, April 5, 1816. 

Sarah, Aug. 2, 180!-; d. about 1805. Aaron, Sept. 28, 1819. 

Samuel, Oct. 16, 1803 ; d. . 

19. Jacob, s. of Lemuel, b. April 24, 1779; d. Dec. 16, 1811; m. 

Kafira Janes, Dec. 29, 1801. 

Ch. : Merrick, June 7, 1802. Orrel Janes, May 21, 1808. 

William Janes, Jan. 23, 1804. Eliza Hamilton, Jan. 7, 1811. 

Cheney Janee, Not. 19, 1806. 

20. Eli, b. of Samuel, b. Dec. 4, 1781 ; m. Flavia Bliss, May 13, 
1802; their daughter, Lovisa, b. April 23, 1803. 

21. Uabris, s. of Capt. Thomas, b. Feb. 22, 1790; m. Sally Morgan, 
4^pril 28, 1814 ; their son, Lewis, b. Dec. 23, 1814. This family moved 
to Brimfield, Ohio. 



4 54 QENSALOGT. 

22. Oeson, 8. of Capt. Thomas, U May 20, 1801 ; d. April 8, J 870 ; 
m. Sarah R. Tarbell, Dec. 18, 1823; she d. Sept. 14, 1846; m. (2) 
Mrs. Hannah Davis, April 27, 1848 ; she d. Sept. 18, 1848 ; m. (3) 
Catharine Morse, April 16, 1850. 

Ch. : Charlotte Hajdcn, Jane 6, 1825 ; m. John 0.^ Sept. 8, 1834. 

William H. Batterfield, Sept. 13, 1849. Sophronia A., July 15, 1837 ; d. Jan. 30, 

Edward W., April 9, 1827; d. Dec 13, 1840. 

1878. William H., Nov. 26, 1839; d. June 9, 

Elijah T., June 26, 1829. 1844. # 

Sarah A., March 7, 1832; m. Samuel £. William T., Aug. 22, 1851 ; d. March 6, 

Clapp, Oct. 31, 1861. 1854. 

23. Benjamin, Jr., b. of Benjamin, b. Kov. 12, 1797; d. Aug. 16, 
1863; m. Euth Bliss, May 14, 1822. 

Ch,: Marj B., Aug. 11, 1823; m. James Adaline and Emeline, (twins), Feb. 13, 

A. Stebbins, March 8, 1850. 1828; both died. 

Candace B., Aug. 17, 1825; m. Hell W. William H., May 3, 1829. 

Howard, Oct. 29, 1851. Caroline R., Jan. 29, 1837; m. Morris 8. 

Hale, July 5, 1867. 

24. John, s. of John, Jr., b. July 1, 1798 j m. Sophia Prince, Nov. 
9, 1836. 

CA. : John A., Aug. 6, 1838; d. June 9, Eliza Ann, Sept. 23, 1847; d. May 31, 

1850. 1850. 

Lewis, March 16, 1840. - John Ames, June 6, 1852. 

Asa, April 24, 1842 ; d. May 28, 1850. George, Feb. 20, 1854. 

Ellen, Dec. 31, 1844 ; d. May 25, 1850. Roger, June 23, 1855. 

25. Bezaleel, 8. of John, Jr , b. Aug. 18, 1808 ; d. Oct. 19, 1853 ; 
m. Lucy Ferry, April 26, 1835 ; she d. Sept. 16, 1836 5 m. (2) Sabra 
Ferry, May 3, 1837. 

Ch.\ Lucius Bezaleel, Sept. 16, 1836; d. Lucy Ann, Oct. 22, 1844; m. Charles H. 
Nov. 27, 1836. Mitchell, Oct. 18, 1866. 

Ella Augusta, March 1, 1851. 

2^, William J., s. of Jacob, b. Jan. 23, 1804; m. Joanna L. 
Fuller (int.; Dec. 3, 1828; she d. Nov 4, 1876. 
Ch. : Fanny M., Jan. 1, 1836 ; m. Ezra B. Weld, Dec. 23, 1859; d. Aug. 8, 1870. 

27. Elijah T., s. of Orson, b. June 26, 1829 ; m. Catherine M. 
Roberts, May 9, 1855. 

Ch. : Ella Maria, Nov. 21, 1858. Gertrude, Sept. 1, 1867. 

Everett, July 18, 1861. Robert Grant, Oct. 30, 1869. 

Florence, July 10, 1864. Irving, Dec. 10, 1872. 

28. William H., s. of Benjamin, Jr., b. May 3, 1829; m. Sarah 
Jane Upham, Oct. 1, 1851 ; she d. Oct. 23, 1864 ; m. (2) Julia A. 
Newell, June 25, 1867. 

Ch.: Olive Josephine, June 29, 1852; d. Frank William, April 18,1858; d. AprU 

April 1, 1861. 7, 1861. 

Addie and Emma, (twins), Aug. 11, 1856 ; George Warren, April 24, 1860. 

Addie d. Aug. 11, 1856 ; Emma d. Aug. 

16, 1956. 



GENEALOGY. 455 

CHENEY SOLANDER. 

SO LANDER, Cheney, b. March 2, 1797; d. Apr. 24, 1877; m. 
Mary Larason, Feb. 17, 1819. 
CA. : Eliza Ann, March 26, 1 820 ; m. Har- Harriet N., Nor. 9, 1829 ; m. J. L. Upham, 

risonG. Whitney, Dec. 25, 1855. March 20, 1849; m. (2) Calvin A. 

Charles £.,Jan. 27, 1822; d. May 12,1842. Marsh, Oct. 4, 1854; their daughter, 

Ada C, b. Dec 30, 1855; d. Jan. 16,1872. 

THE SPAULDING FAMILY. 

1. EDWARD Spaulding, the first of the family in this country 
of whom there is any account, came from Lincolnshire, England, about 
^630. He first settled in Braintree, Mass., afterwards was one of the 
original settlers of Chelmsford, Mass. Joseph, son of Edward born at 
Braintree, Oct. 25, 1646 ; married Mary Jewell, probably of Chelms- 
ford ; resided in Chelmsford and Plainfield. Conn., where he died, April 
3, 1740. Ebenezer, son of Joseph, born at Chelmsford, July 1701 ; 
married Hannah Craft of Westford, Mass. ; resided in Westford. 
Philip, son of Ebenezer born March 18, 1736, married Elizabeth Obert 
of Acton, resided in Westford. Rev. Philip, son of Philip, bom at 
Westford, Nov. 18. 1776 ; died May 25, 1834 ; he was settled at Pen- 
obscot, Me., and afterwards at Jamaica, Yt. ; he married Mrs. Tirza 
(Hoar) Tobey, widow of Rev. Alvan Tobey of Wilmington, Vt, and 
daughter of Capt. Joseph Hoar of Brimfield, Oct. 29, 1816 ; she died 
Sept. 29, 1848. 

CA. : Tirza Adaline, Aug. 13, 1817 ; m. Mary A., April 24, 1823. 

Rev. Moses K. Cross, May 4, 1842 ; d. Levi P., Feb. 14, 1825 ; d. April 22, 1828. 

1851. Philip D., Dec. 29, 1826. 

Samuel T., May 2, 1819. Joliet P., Oct. 31, 1828 ; d. Sept. 22, 1830. 

Pliny risk, April 10, 1821 Elijah P., March 17, 1831. 

2. Pliny F., s. of Rev. Philip, b. April 10, 1821 ; came to Brim- 
field in 1836 ; m. Laura A. Fenton, Jan. 25, 1849. 

CA. : Charles F. June 27, 1850. Laura M., Feb. 13, 1857. 

Mary A, July 31, 1852 ; d. Aug. 17, 1853. Willie H., June 9, 1861 ; d. Jan. 22, 1862. 

Abbie E., Dec. 6, 1854. Carrie A., Oct. 7, 1862. 

THE SPRING FAMILY. 

1 SPRING, Elkanah, b. at Northbridge Sept. 17, 1780 ; removed 
to Brimfield 1810; d. March 21, 18G0; m. Phebe Capron June 6, 
1806 ; she d. June 1. 1857. 
Ch, : Lucy £.,Feb. 28, 1806; d. June 10, Mary A., Dec. 14, 1809 ; m. Jonathan S. 

1835. Angell May 21, 1851. 

Laura £., Jan 26, 1808; m. Benjamin Phebe C, Oct. 19, 1812; m. John W. 

Winter May 30, 1854 ; d. May 15, 1876. Browning Feb. 2, 1859. 



456 GENEALOGY. 

Aaenath C, March 23, 1820; m. Jona- Jane E., Aug. 18, 1825; m. Geo. W. Up- 

than S. Gzeen Sept. 6, 1861 ; he d. Jan. ham Oct. 19, 1859. 

4, 1878 Frances, Ang. 28, 1831 ; d. Jan. 12, I8S4. 

John C, May 1, 1822. 

2. John C , s. of Elkanah, b. May 1^ 1822 ; m. Addie S. Benson 
Aug. 14, 1877 ; their son John C. Jr., b. Sept 28, 1878. 

THE STEBBINS FAMILY. 

Three members of the Stebbins family ivere among the original pro- 
prietors of Brimfield — Lieut. Thomas Stebbins, with his brother and 
nephew, Deacon John Stebbins and John, Jr. They were descended 
from Sir Thomas Stebbins, baronet of Yorkshire County, England. 
Rowland Stebbins came to America with his wife and four children, 
and was one of the company that settled Springfield in 1636. After- 
ward he removed to Northampton with his son John, and died there. 
Lieut. Thomas Stebbins died in Springfield, 1683, his children being 
Samuel, Thomas, Joseph, Sarah, Edward, Benjamin and Hannah. 
Samuel removed to Longmeadow, and his children were John, Eben- 
ezer, William, Abigail, Joanna, Thomas, Benjamin and Mercy— of 
whom John and Thomas came to Brimfield with their families, though 
the latter removed to Monson in 1762, and was the ancestor of the 
Stebbins family of that town. 

1. STEBBmS. Dea. John, b. Feb 13, 1686; d. May 1766; m. 
Patience ; she d. Oct, 5, 1761. 

Ch. : John, Jr. » Patience ; m. Joseph Hitchcock Ang. 12, 

Levi. 1744. 

2. Lieut. Thomas, b. Oct 10, 1698; d. 1773 ; m. Mary Munn. 
Ch.: Thomas, Jr., Ma/ 7, 1722. Ebenezer, Oct. 25, 1734; m. Diademia 
Abner, May 3, 1724. Burt March 5, 1772. 

Mary, May 25, 1726 ; m. Dr. Elijah Van- James, April 29, 1740 ; m. Deborah Hoar 

horn. Jan. 10, 1765. 

Benjamin, Jan. 30, 1729. Bethuel, Jan. 30, 1742 ; m. Molly Mann. 

Asahel, July 16, 1731. Jesse, Jan. 14, 1744 ; m. Mary Sqoires. 

3. John, Jb , s. of Dea. Jobn ; d. 1784 ; m. Margaret Brooks Oct. 

1, 1741 ; she d. Oct. 28, 1813. 

Ch. : Margaret, April 11, 1742 ;d. Oct. 27, Patience, Nov. 2, 1751 ; d. July 30, 1758. 

1813. Abigail, Sept. 10, 1754 ; m. Thomaa Steb- 

John, Feb. 6, 1744. bins Sept. 3, 1774. 

Zerah, Dec. 25, 1745. Abel, March 9. 1757. 

Mercy, Nov. 29, 1747 ; d. Nov. 17, 1827. Patience, May 24, 1759 ; d. Dec. 10, 1838 ; 

Levi. March 16, 1750. Abijah, Feb. 8, 1764. 

4. Levi, s. of Dea. John ; m. Mary Post Dec. 19, 1738 ; d. April 1, 

1747. 

Ch. : Levi, Jr., April 20, 1743; d. June Judah, April 22, 1745. 
29, 1803. 



• 



GENEALOGY. 457 



6. Abner, 8. of Lieut. Thomas, b. May 3, 1724 ; d. Nov. 19, 1810 ; 
m. Martha Smith Dec. 26, 1751 ; she d. Aug. 24, 1803. 

Ch, : Thomas, Nov. 4, 17.52. Mary, Feb. 6, 1763 ; m. Aaron Hitchcock 

Hasadiah, Oct. 25, 1754; m. Bettj Ses- Jafl. 26,1786. 

sions Babcock May 28, 1777. Josiah, Nov. 19, 1765. 

Abner, Nov. 2, 1757. Vashti, Oct. 18, 1770; m. Jesse Hitch- 

Martha, Feb. 20, 1760 ; m. Medad Hitch- cock Jan. 19, 1792. 

cock Oct. 21, 1779. 

6 Benjamin, s. of Lieut. Thomas, b. Jan. 30, 1729; d. May 28, 
1769 ; m. Jerusha King July 5, 1758. 
Ch. : Benjamin, Jr., Aug. 12, 1759. Jerusha, Aug. 2, 1765. 

Jotham, April 21, 1761. Solomon, June 12, 1768. 

David, June 15, 1763. 

7. John, s. of John, Jr., b. Feb. 6, 1744 ; d. Oct. 3, 1776 ; m. Sarah 

Moffatt Dec. 5, 1765 ; she d. May, 1797. 
Ch. : Mary, Oct. 4, 1766 ; d. Oct. 9, 1773. Titus, June 14, 1773. 
Uriah, July 30, 1768. Elijah, May 20, 1775. 

Phebe, Nov. 15, 1770. 

8. Zbkah, 8. of John, Jr., b. Dec. 25, 1745 ; d. July 9, 1803 ; m. 

Eunice Dunham June 11, 1771 ; she d. Jan. 4, 1823. 
Ch. : Rhoda, May 21, 17 — ; m. Ephraim John, Oct. 24, 17 — . 

Crouch, Sept. 3, 1794. 
Justus, March 6, 17—. Ruel, July 20, 178-. 

9. Abijah, s. of John, Jr., b. Feb. 8, 1764; d. June 9, 1842; m. 
Polly ; she d. March 1, 1825. 

Ch. : Tabitha Day, Feb. 1 7, 1 792 ; d. Aug. Slargaret Brooks, March 6, 1 802. 
7, 1808. 

10. Judah, 8. of Levi, b. April 22, 1745 ; m. Ruth Cutler Dady 

June 12, 1766. 

Ch. : Judah, Jr., April, 1767 ; m. Mercy William, March 11, 1770. 
Nichols March 1, 1787. Joseph, Dec. 26, 1773. 

11. Thomas, s. of Abner, b. Nov. 4, 1752; d. June 3, 1778; m. 
Abigail Stebbins Sept. 3, 1774. 

Ch. : Thaddeus, July 15, 1774. Tirzah, Nov. 20, 1777. 

12. Abner, Jr., s. of Abner, b. Nov. 2, 1757 ; d. Nov. 7, 1846; m. 
Abigail Bacon April 21, 1785; she d. June 15, 1842. 

Ch. : Margaret Russell, Oct. 1, 1785. Elvira, Feb. 17, 1796 ; d. March 27, 1869. 

Abiel, Dec. 16, 1786. Catherine, June 21, 1797; m. James 

Bathsheba, Nov. 19, 1788; m. Palamon Tourtellotte April 9, 1 826. 

Moon April 28, 1833. Ledoda, Aug. 19, 1800; d. March 27, 

Lewis, July 29, 1790. 1846. 

Erasmus, Aug. 17, 1792. Albigence W., March 4, 1802. 

Marcia, July 1, 1794; m. William A. Abner, June 4, 1804. 

Hyde March, 1820. James Crafts, June 15, 1806. 

58 



458 GENEALOGY. 

13. Bbkjamik, Jr., s. of Benjamin b. Aug. 12, 1759; m. Miriam 
Huntley June 3, 1779. 

CK : Benjamin, July 6, 1780. Iddo, April 28, 1785; m. Saflftimah Ely 

Jacob, May 7, 1 783. • Aug. 25, 1 81 1 . 

14. JoTHAM, 8. of Benjamin, b. April 21, 1761 ; m. Phebe Ellin- 
wood Oct. 24, 1782. 

Ch.: Samuel, Jan. 20, 1783. Thomas, Feb. 25, 1787. 

15. U&iAH, 8. of John, b. July 30, 1768 ; m. Sally Bement April 

12, 1793. 

Ch. : John, June 25, 1794. Alice, Oct. 26, 1797. 

Abel, April 23, 1796. 

16. Justus, s. of Zerah, b. March 6, (prob. 1775;) m. Nabby 
Morgan Dec. 31, 1799 ; their son John b. Dec. 9, 1801. 

17. Lewis, s. of Abner, Jr., b. July 29, 1790; d. June 2, 1871; m. 
Mrs. Ann H. Parker April 2, 1840 ; she d. March 9, 1866. 

Ch. : Sophronia, Jan. 30, 1841 ; d. May Rebecca L., April 13, 1848. 

26, 1858. J. Freddie, Dec. 17, 1854 ; d. May 31, 1858. 

L. Wilson, Nov. 23, 1843. Lizzie A., July 25, 1857. 

Frances L. Jan. 2 1 , 1 846. 

18. Erasmus, s. of Abner, Jr., b. Aug. 17, 1792 ; d. June 11, 1839 ; 
m. Lucy Nelson ; she d. Oct. 1856 ; Julia m. George Royce. 

Ch. : Erasmus Darwin, 1834 ; d. Jan. 14, L. Oakley, m, Timothy G. Houghton Oct. 
1836. 28, 1857. 

19. Abneb, s. of Abner, Jr., b. June 4, 1804; m. Sarah J. Ful- 
ler ; she d. Nov. 27, 1872. 

Ch. : Charles Emerson, Feb. 5, 1833. Sarah Jane, May 9, 1843 ; m. Eira P. 

Josiah, June 10, 1835. Tucker, (int.) Nov. 20, 1871, 

Abner Henry, April 13, 1839 ; m. Ellen 
A. Upham Jan 17, 1867. 

20. Bbxjamin, s. of Benjamin, Jr., b. July 6, 1780 ; m. Lydia 
; their daughter, Sophronia born Aug 22. 1803. 

21. Lbwis W., s. of Lewis, b. Nov. 23, 1843; m. Malinda J. Sher- 
man, Oct. 28, 1868 ; their son Robert Earl born Jan. 28, 1878. 

22. Josiah, s. of Abner, b. June 10, 1835; m. Sarah S. Shaw, 
No v.. 10, 1868. 

Ch. : Nellie J., May 9, 1870, Mabel L., 1874. 

Josiah, Jr., Dec. 3, 1871. 

THE TAPvBELL FAMILY. 

The Tarbells of this country are descended from three brothers who 
came from Wales, and settled in Salem about 1660. John Tarbell 
went from Salem to Sturbridge, where he died at the age of 94. He 



6EKEAL06T. 459 

married Sarah Grosvenor of Pomfret^ Conn., and had three children, 
Jerusha, John and Elijah, the latter being the ancestor of the Brim- 
field families. Of Elijah's immediate descendants, his son John 
Grosvenor Tarbell, graduated at Harvard, 1820, went to New Jersey 
in April, 1821, and taught a ladies' academy for several years, in the 
meantime united with the Reformed Church in the city of New Bruns- 
wick, there studied divinity in the theological seminary, was there 
licensed to preach as a minister of the reformed church, his first set- 
tlement was at Bloomfield, N. J., his next in Cayuga Co., N. Y., after- 
wards at Caroline, Tompkins Co., N. Y., from there he removed to 
Michigan, where he preached for several years, but was not settled, 
and as these pages go to press, February, 1879, lives at Alamo, Mich., 
in his 86th year, enjoying an active mind and good health He mar- 
Tied Louisa Gregory, who was born at Stamford, Delaware County, N. 
Y., September 13, 1802 ; she d. June 19, 1876. 

1. TARBELL, Elijah, b. May 11, 1761 ; d. Feb. 24, 1841 ; m. 
Hannah Upham, 1776 ; she d. June 6, 1851. 

Ch. : Elijah, Jr., July 23, 1776. William, Ang. 12, 1786. 

Hannah, July 13, 1778; m. Samuel John Grosvenor, Dec. 26, 1793. 

Griggs, Jan. 27, 1803. David Morse, Oct. 25, 1795. 

Ellas, April 8, 1781. Caroline, Feb. 1, 1802 ; d. 

Samuel, Sept. 10, 1784. 

2. Elijah, Jr., s. of Elijah, b. July 23, 1776 ; d. Oct. 10, 1862 ; 
m. Submit Kichardson, April 11, 1799 ; she d. Sept. 13, 1848 ; m. (2) 
Clarissa Kibbe, Nov. 1850 ; she d. Sept. 9, 1859. 

Ch,i Sarah Richardson, Feh. 24, 1800; Damarius, July 25, 1810; m. Oliver W. 

m. Orson Sherman, Dec. 1823 ; d. Sept. Blair, June 5, 1834 ; d. Sept. 12, 1839. 

14, 1846. Caroline S., Aug. 21, 1812; m. Silas C. 
Sophronia, Sept. 3, 1803; m. Elisha Ab- Herring, May 9, 1843. 

bey, Dec 29, 1828; d. Nov. 12, 1833. Mary W., May 2, 1815; m. Augustus 

Elijah M., ; d. March 14, 1809. Wheeler, Sept. 15, 1875. 

3. Elias, 8. of Elijah, b. April 8, 1781; d. Sept. 4, 1848; m. 
Hannah Weeks ; int. Feb. 2, 1806 ; she d. Jan. 31, 1843. 

Ch. : Delisa, May, 1807 ; d. Feb. 10, 1810. Elias Waldo, Sept. 5, 1814; d. Dec. 13, 

Mary Caroline, July 24, 1809; m. Paul 1842. 

W. Paige, Sept. 17, 1835. Lucy Steams, May 16, 1817; m. Henry 

Louisa Catherine, Oct. 18, 1811; m. F. Brown, Sept. 25, 1839. 

Thomas B. Janes, Oct. 28, 1845; d. Delisa Pierce, Dec. 19,1819; m. Charles C. 

April 24, 1846. Warren, Aug. 30, 1842; d.Feb. 13, 1851. 

4. Samuel, s. of Elijah, b. Sept. 10, 1784 ; d. March 12, 1857 ; m. 

Alice Oaks, April 27, 1809 ; she d. April 4, 1867, 

Ch.: Lamira, Feb. 21, 1810; m. Sereno Henry Holbrook, April 6, 1819; m. Cyn- 

5. Fowler, March 28, 1837 ; m. (2) thia J. Griggs, Aug. 22, 1842. 
James M. Kellog. 

Samuel Emerson, May 2, 1813. Warren Fay, Feb. 28, 1821. 



460 GENEALOGY. 

5. William, s; of Elijah, b. Aug. 12, 1787 ; d. Nov. 21, 1856 ; m. 
Betsey Smith, Dec. 12, 1811; she d. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Ch.\ Kliza Smith, July 20, 1812; m. John Gregorr, JuneU, 1826; m. Lvdia 

Washington Phillips Oct. 24, 1836 ; d. B. Parker, Oct. 28, 1850. 
Jan. 23, 1842. 

Hannah, Oct. 18, 1814; m. Simeon Fol- Harriet Mabon, Oct. 17, 1828; m. James 

Bom, Dec. 31, 1844. B. Brown, April 10, 1849. 

William Grosvenor, April 10, 1817. Elijah Evarts, Feb. 2, 1831. 

George Saunders, Dec. 5, 1823. 

6. Warren F., s. of Samuel, b. Feb. 28, 1821; d. Sept. 10, 1877; 
m. Mary Ann Brown, Nov. 18, 1845. 

Ch.: Charles Sumner, Nov. 8, 1847. Edward Warren, Jan. 31, 1854; d. May 

Sarah Anna, Sept. 7, 1851 ; d. Dec. 2, 25, 1857. 
1852. Mary Anna, Oct. 10, 1857. 

7. William G., s. of William, b. April 10, 1817; d. Aug. 20, 

1872; m. Ruth P. Lincoln; she d. Dec. 6, 1853; m. (2) Laura Fox, 

Nov. 1860 ; she d. Aug. 1862 : m. (3) Mary W. Brant, March 20. 1865. 
Ch. : Ann Eliza, Nov. 9, 1849 ; m. James Florence Annette, Sept. 21, 1852; d. Dec. 

Gordon Emmons, Sept. 8, 1869. 28, 1853. 

Marietta, Aug. 11, 1851; d. Sept. 30, Freddie El well. May, 1862; d. Aug. 1862. 

1851. Mary B., July 5, 1866. 

8. Elijah E , s. of William, b. Feb. 2, 1831 ; m. Julia Elisabeth 

Hitchcock, Nov. 24, 1852 ; she d. July 18, 1871 ; m. (2) Mrs. Mary 

H. Pierce, Nov. 27, 1872. 

Ch. : William Eaton, April 30, 1857. George Evarts, Jan. 20, 1862. 

Albert, Dec. 14, 1859. 

THE THOMPSON FAMILY. 

The Thompson Family came from Woburn to Brimfield, James be- 
ing one of the original proprietors. In the Revolutionary struggle, 
his sons and grandsons took active part, Joseph being a captain in Col. 
Danielson's regiment, and afterward rising to the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel of the Massachusetts line at West Point. Jonathan was a 
lieutenant in Gates' Northern Army, and served in some capacity dur- 
ing the entire war ; while Joseph Jr., and Sergeant James, the son of 
James Jr., gave their lives for the cause. 

1. THOMPSON, James, b. Dec. 14, 1696; d. May 2b, 1776; m. 

Mary . 

Ch. : James, Jr., May 7, 1724. Joseph, March 25, 1733. 

Daniel, Oct. 3, 1725. Susanna, Jan. 25, 1735; m. Jotham Han 

Jonathan, May 23, 1727. cock. May 7, 1755. 

Mary, June 10, 1730; d. Sept. 17, 1730. Mary; m. Jonathan Babcock, Nov. 17 

John, Aug. 5, 1731 ; m. Rebecca Russell, 1757. 

Jan. 25, 1759 ; she d. Feb. 3, 1761. Elizabeth, Dec. 4, 1742 ; d. Sept. 20, 1743. 



GENEALOGY. 461 

2. Jambs^ Jk., 8. of James, b. May 7, 1724 ; m. Mary Hitchcock, 
April 28, 1749. 

Ch. : James, May 2, 1750 ; d. Nov. 4, 1754. James, March 31, 1755 ; d. in captivity at 
Bathsbeba, May 24, 1751 ; d. Oct. 31, York, 1776. 

1754. Alpheos, Jan. 12, 1758. 

Alphens, Aug. 13, 1752; d. Nov. 6, 1754. Solomon, Nov. 3, 1761 ; m. Polly Smith, 

July 13, 1786. 

3. Daniel, s. of James, b. Oct. 3, 1726 ; m. Hannah . 

Ch.: Sybil, Oct. 14, 1750. Lucy, Feb. 8, 1758. 

Daniel, Jr., Aug. 30, 1752. 

4. Lieut. Jonathan, s. of James, b. May 23, 1727; d Nov. 3, 
1824 ; m. Elizabeth Warriner, Oct. 16, 1750 ; she d. Aug. 28, 1804 

Ch. : Thaddeus, July 2, 1751. John Warriner, July 17, 1765. 
Elizabeth, July 13, 1753; m. Jonathan Mary, Nov. 5, 1767. 

Morgan, Jr., Nov. 19, 1772. Sarah, March 8, 1770; m. Calvin Eaton, 
Jonathan, Jr., March 4, 1756. Sept. 9, 1792. 

Sylvanus, July 1,1758. William, March 15, 1773; d. July 30, 
Samuel, May 5, 1760. 1773. 

Mary, Dec. 5, 1762 ; d. . William, Jan., 1775. 

5. Col. Joseph, s. of James, b. March 25, 1733; m. Abigail Sher- 
man, Feb. 19, 1754, 

Ch. : Hesinah, June 28, 1754 ; d. Nov. 29, Amherst, May 20, 1762. 

1754. Artemas, Oct. 27, 1764. 

Resinah, Dec. 23, 1755. Abigail, Aug. 22, 1768. 

Bathsbeba, May 22, 1757. Hhoda, Dec. 18, 1773. 
Joseph, Jr., Jan. 25, 1760; d. in Rev. 

Army, Dec. 1776. 

6. Sylvanus, s. of Jonathan, b. July 1, 1768 ; d. March 6, 1833 ; 

m. Betsey . 

Ch. : William Warriner, Feb. 23, 1786. Betsey, April 4, 1797 ; m. James Wolcott, 

Phebe Locke, March 30, 1788. Jr., Oct. 9, 1820. 

Samuel Brewer, Oct. 6, 1790; d. Oct. 9, Sylvanus, Jr., March 7, 1799. 

1793. Archibald Brewer, June 1, 1801. 

Horace, Sept. 13, 1792 ; d. Oct. 9, 1793. Mary, Sept. 27, 1804 ; m. Samuel H. Jud. 

James, Oct. 23, 1794. son, April 4, 1826. 

7. William W., s. of Sylvanus, b. Feb. 23, 1786; m. Annis 
Young ; she d. May 21, 1817 ; m. (2) Eliza S . 

Ch. : Abigail Munger, July 15, 1813. Eliza Ann, Feb. 19, 1825. 

William Warriner, Jr., April 27, 1817; 
d. . 

8. Joel, m. Thena Allen ; d. Feb. 6, 1840. 

Ch.: Sarah, April 25, 1814; m. Abra- Joel, Jr., Feb. 12, 1816; d. Feb. 28, 1846. 
ham Charles, May 3, 1837 ; d. Feb. 6, 
1840. 



462 GENSALOOT. 



THE TOWNSLEY FAMILY. 

One of the original proprietors was Micah Town sly, as the name 
was then spelled, from whose sons the later families of the name de- 
scended, came to this country as a licensed exhorter. Married Han- 
nah Stebbins of Springfield, Feb. 20, 1712-13; she a daughter of 
Joseph and Sarah Dorchester Stebbins. Reuben, born Nov. 18, 1718 ; 
Abner, born March, 1721. 

1. BvuBBN, m. Sarah Blodget, Aug. 6, 1741 ; d. in Key. Amny, 
July 26, 1776. 

Ch.: Sarah, June 16, 1742; m. Elijah Reuben, Jr., March 6, 1747. 

Hitchcock, Oct. 18, 1764. Hannali^ Sept. 27, 1749. 

Eunice, Nov. 6, 1744; m. John Harris, Dan, Feb. 10, 1752; d. Oct 7th, 1756. 

May 4, 1763. Nicanor, Not. 12, 1755. 

2. Abner, m. Bathsheba Colton of Springfield^ by Bey. Noah 
Mirrick, Feb. 22, 1749; d. 1796. 

Ch. : Bathsheba, Feb. 26, 1750. Persis, Aug. 30, 1765 ; m. Thomas Hink- 

Adam, April 8, 1752. ley, Jan. 18, 1790. 

Gad, Sept. 20, 1754. Abner, Jr., Feb. 19, 1768. 

ForbuBh, Dec 9, 1760; d. Feb. 20, 1764. Elizabeth, Dec. 21, 1769 ; d. Aug. 1776. 

Dan, Oct. 6, 1763. 

3. Kbubbn, Jr., s. of Beuben, b. March 6, 1747 ; d. Aug. 1828 ; 

m. Abigail Morgan, Nov. 14, 1768 ; she d. Jan. 3, 1838. 

Ch. : Sarah, Nov. 29, 1769; m. Thomas David, April 28, 1779. 

Sherman, Jr., Joly 9, 1789. Abisha,